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Learning From Our Heritage 

by Dale R. Staffer 

Sources of Authority — Summary 

OVER the last several months we have been 
considering the various sources of authority 
recognized historically by the Brethren. It is time 
to reflect on where we have come. 

As I noted in the first article, all Protestant 
groups would claim Scripture as their final au- 
thority. Yet it is obvious that these churches do 
not all understand Scripture in the same way. The 
differences arise because every group interprets 
Scripture on the basis of certain other authorities 
which they consciously or unconsciously recognize 
(reason, tradition, a theological system, personal 
experience, etc.). 

Unless we understand this point, we will be 
forever perplexed as to why Protestants can read 
the same Bible yet disagree on so many points. 
It is important, therefore, to be conscious of the 
authorities we bring to the interpretation of God's 

We Brethren have recognized God, Christ, 
Scripture, the Holy Spirit, and the gathered 
church as our primary sources of authority. Other 
Protestant churches might have similar lists of 
authorities, but the uniqueness of our Brethren 
faith is how we have put together the various 

We might liken this point to the making of a 
quilt. The uniqueness of a quilt cannot be discov- 
ered by looking at only one corner. Its special 
character arises from the overall design created 
by the combination of the various pieces of cloth. 

So the Brethren faith. We share with other 
churches many of the same emphases. But it is 
how we have "quilted" together the various parts 
of our faith that creates the unique design known 
as Brethren. 

Let me put in summary form the convictions 
that have guided us as Brethren. It is God's 
sovereign purpose in human history to form a 
people for Himself. God's own Son, Jesus Christ, 
has perfectly revealed God's will for His people 
(see John 1:18). 

Jesus has shown us that God is both a loving, 
forgiving Heavenly Father and One who calls His 
children to be like Himself. In His earthly minis- 
try, Jesus Himself demonstrated these truths by 

providing a way of salvation for us through His 
death and by giving us through His own life and 
teachings a portrayal of the new life to which we 
are called. 

A perfect record of God's will for His people is 
found in Scripture, especially the New Testament. 
The Holy Spirit not only inspired this perfect 
record, but is the One who leads believers into an 
understanding of its content. In addition, the Holy 
Spirit empowers Christians to live according to 
God's revealed will. 

All believers are directed to the church, the 
household of (jod, as the place where they are to 
grow and mature into greater Christlikeness (see 
Eph. 4:13). This growth occurs within the context 
of humble service and love for one another (see 
Eph. 4:16). 

From the above it can be seen that in the Breth- 
ren view of the Christian faith, as much emphasis 
should be placed on how one lives as on what one 
believes. In fact, the Brethren historically have 
maintained that correct belief should always lead 
to the creation of a God-like character and life in 
His people. 

Many of the special emphases of the Brethren 
faith relate directly to this fact, that we as Chris- 
tians are called to new life (and lifestyle) in 
Christ. For example, the Brethren have not only 
emphasized Jesus' atoning death as the basis for 
our salvation, but they have laid equal stress on 
Jesus' life as providing the example of how we are 
to live as God's people. The Brethren view of sal- 
vation stresses not only the need for faith in 
Christ, but also the necessity of repentance — a 
change of heart and mind that turns a person 
from a life dominated by self-will to one lived ac- 
cording to God's pattern. Salvation itself is seen 
as both an event — the work of Christ on the 
cross — and a process — the creation and growth of 
a new life in those who are committed to Christ. 

As a result, Jesus Christ is upheld not only as 
our Savior, but also as our Lord whose word we 
are to obey as an expression of our love for Him. 
To be like Christ in thought and character be- 
comes the goal toward which we are to persevere 
as Christians (see Eph. 4:13, 15). [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

V "^ The Brethren ^ • . 


Serving The Brethren Church 
throughout its one hundred years. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Alvin Shifflett 
Dale R. Stoffer 

Business Manager: 

Ronald W. Waters 
Editorial And 
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Phone: (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for the Brethren 
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"God's voice thunders in 
marvelous ways; 
he does great things beyond 
our understanding, 
l-le says to the snow, 
'Fall on the earth, ' 
and to the rain shower, 
'Be a mighty downpour ' " 
Job 37:6-7, NIV 

Vol. 105, No. 1 

January 1983 


God's Cleansing Fire 

Don Snell asks Brethren to consider that God must some- 
times deal severely with His people in order to make them 

1983: A Year of Church Renewal 

The World Evangelical Fellowship challenges churches to a 
12-point commitment to renewal in 1983. 

A Waste of Good Martyr's Blood 

Alvin Shifflett asks whether refusing to register for the draft is a 
waste of good martyr's blood. 

Citizenship in the Holy Nation 

Part II: What Does Holy Citizenship Mean? 

Charles Colson examines the meaning of holy citizenship 
and its implications for living and serving in our present-day 

> ^•^ * 

Ashland Theological Seminary 
12 A Time For All Things 

Selected verses from Ecclesiastes 3. 






A Time For Preparing 

The truth of the gospel, the needs of the church, and the com- 
plexity of the Scriptures make adequately prepared church 
leaders a necessity, says Joseph R. Shultz. 

A Time For Sharing 

Frederick J. Finks suggests ways that Brethren churches and 
individuals can share in the ministry of Ashland Theological 

A Time For Rejoicing 

The ministry of Ashland Theological Seminary alumni around 
the world and God's blessing on the seminary give cause for 

A Time For Training 

Seminary training is to a pastor what medical school is to a 
doctor, says Jerry Flora, and Ashland Theological Seminary 
provides a time for such training. 

A Time For Serving 

Dr. Charles Munson looks at opportunities Brethren people 
have to serve students at Ashland Theological Seminary. 


2 Learning From Our Heritage 
18 Update 

January 1983 

God's Cleansing Fire 

BETWEEN Goshen and New Paris, 
Indiana, is an area called "the Prairie." 
It's like a little bit of Kansas set in the wood- 
lands of Indiana. It was here on "the Prairie" 
that my mind was branded with a picture 
that has helped me know God. 

I stood with my dad and my grandpa and 
watched a prairie fire sweep across a very 
large field. The fire and the wind that fanned 
it were powerful enough to remember. But 
what really implanted the picture on my 
mind was my grandpa's comment that the 
fire had been started on purpose — started by 
the farmer to clear his land. "Why would the 
farmer unleash such a terrible force?" I won- 

While you think about this incident, let me 
flash another picture before your mind. 

For the past two seasons I have coached 
the distance runners in the local high school 
track program. During this time I've worked 
with a young man of considerable potential. 
He is a joy to watch — when he decides to run! 
Unfortunately, the young man thinks that 
his potential plus a few past victories are 
enough to get him by. It's my task to awaken 
him to reality and to draw out his potential. 
When I finish with him in practice, it appears 
that he has been broken. But in reality, 

Rev. Snell is pastor of the Tiosa Brethren 
Church near Rochester, Indiana. 

all I've done is show him what he can endure 
and still live. 

Many times people of great potential are 
unproductive until they have been dealt with 
severely. We, the Progressive Brethren, must 
also face this truth, and particularly so as 
we celebrate the one-hundredth year of our 

A century ago a significant number of 
people among the German Baptist Brethren 
felt that the majority were causing them to 
stagnate. So we (that is, our forefathers), the 
Progressive Brethren, divorced ourselves 
from the Conservatives and struck out into 
new ground for the glory of our Lord Jesus 
Christ. This was not a pleasant time for the 
Brethren. It was a painful experience. We 
must never forget that we exist because we 
were broken. 

We continued to seek the Lord, and He 
healed us. We were creative and innovative 
in Christian education, missions, evan- 
gelism, and discipleship. We grew. We be- 
lieved that the "ancient paths" (Jeremiah 
6:16) were not the old fashions, but rather 
the old faith — the faith that spoke to the 
heart of Mack and our forefathers — of God 
calling us to be His people and He our God. It 
was the "old path" of seeking God and His 
truth and of living accordingly. 

When we read of the Brethren of the latter 
19th century, we sense a fire racing through 

The Brethren Evangelist 

them. We sense that they were running a 
new race, counting their past victories as 
rubbish so that they might see the Lord 

But once again, contentment lodged in 
"our paths." So in 1939 God broke us a sec- 
ond time. Now, 44 years later, the Lord is 
once more searching for fruit among our 
branches (Jn. 15). 

Yes, God is the farmer who burns His field 
to rid it of useless growth so that a rich new 
crop may be grown. Jeremiah 23:29 says, 
" 'Is not my word like fire?' says the Lord." 
And Jeremiah 30:23 declares, "Behold, the 
tempest of the Lord! Wrath has gone forth, a 
sweeping tempest; It will burst on the head 
of the wicked." When God's dealings with 
His people are seen in their totality, is not 
His wrath, in the final analysis, redemptive? 

I hear the Lord saying to us, "I am a tem- 
pest going forth with great power. But you, 
My child, are a dust swirl picking up litter 
and causing young children to cover their 
eyes. Stop your blowing and stand before My 
wind. I have always sought to cleanse you by 
My fire, so that like a prairie, after being 
burnt, you will grow and live." 

Yes, God is the coach who pushes us into 
painful situations and expects our faith to in- 
crease in Him; for He expects much from us. 
Again, let us hear Jeremiah: "And you shall 
be My people, and I will be your God" 

Brethren, we must beware. We must seek 
to be those who are among the second half of 
John 15:2, not those of the first half of the 
verse. We must see, as the old Hebrews did, 
that what happens to us happens by God's 

There was no "split" between the Jews and 
the Christians. God was at work among His 
people. There was no "split" between Rome 
and the Reformers. God was at work among 
His people. There was no "split" in us in 
1883 or 1939. God has always had but one 
purpose for His people: to produce life in and 
through them. God breaks His weak children 
that the strength of His matchless grace 
might be evident. 

As we celebrate the one-hundredth year of 
our existence, let each one of us, and each 
group among us, remember that we were 
bom out of brokenness. Yet we are the 
Lord's. Christ is the true vine and His Father 
is the vinedresser. Every branch in Christ 
that does not bear fruit, the Father takes 
away; and every branch that bears fruit, the 
Father prunes that it may bear more fruit 
(Jn. 15:2). 

The writer of Hebrews warns us not to 
harden our hearts by seeking our own way. 
Jeremiah exhorts us, "Stand by the ways and 
see and ask for the ancient paths, where the 
good way is, and walk in it" (6:16). 

Brethren, let us rejoice together in run- 
ning the good race! [t] 

1983: A Year of Church Renewal ^ 

THE World Evangelical Fellowship has issued a 
call to evangelical churches worldwide to 7. 

make 1983 A Year of Church Renewal. Believing 
that renewed and revived local churches hold the 
key to world evangelization, the World Evangeli- 
cal Fellowship challenges churches to a 12-point 8. 
commitment to renewal: 

1. A renewal of commitment to Jesus Christ as 
Savior and Lord of the church and as coming 

King. 9. 

2. A renewal of the centrality of the Bible as the 
final authority in all matters of life and 
ministry of the church. 

3. A renewal of worship, prayer, and the role of 
ordinances and sacraments in the church as 10. 
the people of God. 

4. A renewal of the ministry of the Holy Spirit 
in revival, in the use of spiritual gifts, and in 

the unity of the church so that the body of 11. 

Christ might be built up and become mature 
in the faith. 

5. A renewal of doctrine and ethical discipline in 12. 
the life of the church. 

A renewal of the Christian family and the ex- 
tended family, in worship, in godly living, 
and in witness in the world. 
A renewal of the church in its primary calling 
to evangelism among unreached and hidden 
peoples, to church planting, and to church 

A renewal of the church in compassionate 
service to all mankind, and to a prophetic 
ministry of rebuking evil, and to witness for 
justice in society. 

A renewal of the stewardship of our God- 
given resources of people, skills, time, and 
material possessions to a simple lifestyle in 
the church and in mobilization of these re- 
sources for the glory of (jod. 
A renewal of the ministries of mission agen- 
cies and parachurch organizations in the 
service of the church, especially at the level of 
the local church. 

A renewal of disciple-making and leader- 
ship training at all levels of the life of the 

A renewal of the church through faithful wit- 
ness in times of suffering and persecution. 

January 1983 

A Waste of 
Good Martyr's Blood 

by Alvin Shifflett 

TERTULLIAN, one of the Latin Church 
Fathers, said, "The blood of the martyrs 
is the seed of the Church." 

Mark A. Schmucker, a student at Goshen 
College, said, "You should be willing to die 
for what you believe in, but I'm not willing to 

Schmucker, 22, a senior biology major, was 
convicted by a U.S. District Court jury in 
Cleveland for failing to register for the draft. 
On October 19, in Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. Dis- 
trict Judge Ann Aldrich fined him $4,000 
and sentenced him to three years of proba- 
tion. She stipulated that Schmucker must 
work his first two years of probation at 
Emmaus House, a residential hospital for re- 
tarded adults in Marthasville, Missoiu-i. 

Christians since the first century have 
sought to reconcile duty to country with the 
teachings of Christ. The conflict between 
these two has often centered on opposition to 
arms-bearing and any type of military serv- 
ice. Schmucker, a member of The Mennonite 
Church, a historic peace church, said, "I do 
not believe there are any justifiable wars, in- 
cluding World War II." He thinks that Ger- 
man Christians should have undermined the 
Nazis with "non-violent protests." His profes- 
sor of Bible and peace studies agrees and 
said about Schmucker's case, "Our Christian 
freedom is on trial; our beliefs are on trial." 

Rev. Shifflett, pastor of the Nappanee, Ind., First 
Brethren Church, is a regular contributor to the 
Evangelist. His "Salt Shaker" column, which 
usually appears in each issue, is replaced this 
month by the above article. 

As a member of The Brethren Church 
(another historic peace church), I find the 
Schmucker case of extreme interest, as well 
as the similar case of Enten Eller. Eller is a 
student at my alma mater, Bridgewater Col- 
lege (affiliated with the Church of the Breth- 
ren), and he also refused to register. 

My question as a pastor in The Brethren 
Church and as a member of the historic 
peace movement is: Why didn't these stu- 
dents register as conscientious objectors 
(C.O.'s), which is their legal right within the 
law? Why be martyrs? 

Dr. Myron S. Augsburger, noted Mennon- 
ite author, has written: "It is a tribute to the 
quality of the USA Government that there is 
legal provision for the CO. position and for 
alternate service as a demonstration of the 
C.O.'s integrity" (Baker's Dictionary of Chris- 
tian Ethics, p. 128). 

In other words, men like Schmucker and 
Eller, who feel that nonviolence is a viable 
alternative to war, can register as C.O.'s. 
Having grown up in the Shenandoah Valley 
of Virginia, I know many who registered as 
C.O.'s during World War II, the subsequent 
Korean War, and the controversial Vietnam 

Our church, like the Mennonites, has long 
opposed war. In 1781, the Annual Meeting of 
German Baptist Brethren declared: "... we, 
the assembled brethren, exhort in union all 
brethren in all places to hold themselves 
guiltless, and take no part in war or blood 
shedding . . . ." Historian Henry Brumbaugh 
reiterated the Brethren position: "Peace, as a 
doctrine of the church, is fundamental. The 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Jf we are to have martyrs in the modern 
day church, let us have true martyrs." 

Brethren do not go to war, and have sted- 
fastly, and amid great persecution, refused to 
take up arms" (A History of the Brethren, 
p. 558). 

During World War I, 3,989 Americans reg- 
istered as conscientious objectors. Of these 
1,300 accepted noncombatant service; 1,299 
were furloughed for alternate service; 450 
were imprisoned by court martial; and the 
remainder were in camp at the time of the 
armistice (source. Encyclopedia Americana 
entry on "Conscientious Objector"). 

During World War II some 25,000 men 
registered as conscientious objectors. Most of 
them were reassigned to some form of non- 
combatant duty. A small number of young 
men were granted CO. status during the 
Vietnam conflict. 

The point is, these men exercised their re- 
ligious freedom within the context of the law 
and followed the scriptural mandate that 
states: "Everyone must submit himself to the 
governing authorities, for there is no author- 
ity except that which God has established. 
The authorities that exist have been estab- 
lished by God. Consequently, he who rebels 
against the authority is rebelling against 
what God has instituted, and those who do so 
will bring judgment on themselves" (Rom. 
13:1-2, NIV). 


To flagrantly disobey laws 
that allow us to exercise 
our religious freedom is not 
scriptural, neither is it 

It appears to me that Mr. Schmucker and 
others who have refused to register could 
have opted to register as C.O.'s. Then the in- 
tegrity of their nonviolent stance could have 
been shown by peaceful participation in al- 
ternative service. 

To be sure, the CO. stands alone in society 
as a witness to the will of God for human be- 
havior. His objection to war, according to Dr. 
Augsburger, is "not merely pacifism, but an 
active kind of missionary non-resistance." 
"Turning the cheek" is a strategy of love 
which is far more powerful, more influential, 

than wielding a gun and going along with 
the crowd. 

In a society of order, the CO. respects the 
state and its right to punish the evil and pro- 
tect the good. He is not a parasite, for para- 
sites do not influence for good. Therefore, 
when the state interferes with his right to 
worship and his religious conscience, then, 
and only then, does he disregard the state. 
As Peter said, "We must obey God rather 
than men!" (Acts 5:29). 

But in so doing, he must accept the conse- 
quences from the state. As the ancient He- 
brew children said in Babylon, "O Nebuchad- 
nezzar, we do not need to defend ourselves 
before you in this matter. If we are thrown 
into the blazing furnace, the God we serve is 
able to save us from it, and he will rescue us 
from your hand, O king. But even if he does 
not, we want you to know, O king, that we 
will not serve your gods or worship the 
image of gold you have set up" (Dan. 3:16-18, 

In the present case, the state, unlike Baby- 
lon, allows freedom of choice. I can register 
as a CO. if I feel so led. And if I really want 
to wield an influence for good and for God, I 
can participate in alternative service as a 
peaceful demonstration of love. 

To flagrantly disobey laws that allow us to 
exercise our religious freedom is not scrip- 
tural, neither is it smart. It is a waste of good 
martyrs blood! 

Even Daniel, a captive in a foreign land, 
knew better. He suggested to the king's serv- 
ant, "We will not eat your food, but we do 
have an alternate plan" (see Daniel ch. 1). 

Tertullian was correct in saying, "The 
blood of the martyrs is the seed of the 
Church." But Tertullian was referring to the 
many who were won to Christ by the witness 
of the death of the martyrs. He was not refer- 
ring to the bad effects of those who feel that 
martyrdom for the sake of martyrdom had 
some sin-atoning merit. 

If we are to have martyrs in the modem 
day church, let us have true martyrs. For 
martyrdom is a very special gift — a genuine 
sacrifice of love. It's a powerful weapon. But 
it can be used only once! [t] 

January 1983 

Citizenship in the Holy Nation 

Part II: 
What Does Holy Citizenship Mean? 

by Charles Colson 

AS American Christians, we are citizens 
of two nations — the United States and 
also that kingdom which the Apostle Peter 
calls the holy nation. We are called to live 
and work and serve in this world, but to give 
our total allegiance to the holy kingdom. 

We live in an age in which the church 
seems to be beating a steady retreat in the 
face of the advancing forces of secular cul- 
ture. America is in the throes of a cultural 
and moral revolution, and secular values are 
winning the battle. 

Because this is the case, it has never been 
more important — or indeed, more difficult — 
for American Christians to understand the 
difference between the holy nation and the 
nation-state. Let us consider, therefore, what 
our holy citizenship means. 

Seek first God's Kingdom 

First, we must recognize that our eternal 
citizenship is in the Kingdom of God. We are 
but sojourners in this nation, beloved though 
it is. We are clearly commanded by our Lord 
to seek first the Kingdom of God. 

We must also realize that the decay of 
American culture demands our involvement. 
We believe there must be a Christian influ- 
ence in every facet of society. So, Christians 
must participate, vote, work from within and 
without to see that government is an instru- 
ment of social justice. 

Charles Colson is president of Prison Fellow- 
ship, an international ministry to prison inmates 
and their families. Part one of this two-part article 
appeared in last month's issue of the EVANGELIST. 

But there are grave pitfalls, too, of failing 
to make clear the distinction between the 
holy nation and the nation-state. Christian 
moral and political movements, undertaken 
beneath the banner of simplistic God and 
country cliches, run this risk. Let me ex- 

No matter how well motivated they are, 
some so-called Christian movements use God 
to sanctify the political prejudices of their 
adherents. And politicians are often willing 
partners in the process. I can testify from 
personal experience that politicians are not 
above using religious men and movements to 
their own advantage. The danger is that 
whenever we tie the gospel to the political 
fortunes of any man or party, it is the gospel 
that is made hostage, and the gospel that 

Also, Christian political movements can 
become exclusive. No one agenda can fit all 
moral situations. 

Let us never limit God. He may burden 
you with one particular cause. He may bur- 
den me with another. In fact, I suspect that 
He assigns burdens and responsibilities 
throughout His kingdom; what might be on 
my agenda will not necessarily fit another 
equally dedicated Christian's agenda. The 
only absolute agenda is the uncompromising 
standard of righteousness and justice which 
Almighty God has woven through every page 
of His holy Word. 

Finally, in our passion to scrub America 
clean of its most obvious vices — homosexual- 
ity, abortion, pornography, etc. — we narrow 
the scope of Christian concern. And, by our 


The Brethren Evangelist 

silence, we implicitly embrace those things 
not on our hit list, aligning ourselves with 
the subtle sins of privilege, power, conspicu- 
ous affluence. We do it in a way our Lord 
very pointedly eschewed. 

The American church, fairly or unfairly, is 
perceived as a white, Anglo-Saxon, upper 
middle class phenomenon. The same folks 
who dine at the country club on Saturday 
evenings rub shoulders on padded pews at 
their gilded churches on Sunday mornings. 
The danger is that we become so identified 
with an affluent American lifestyle that 
people who can't or won't accept the values of 
that culture can't or won't accept the gospel 
of Christ. The longer I'm a Christian, the 
more I realize that the vague deity of Ameri- 
can civil religion is a heretical rejection of 
the Christ of Holy Scripture. 

Be joined to God and others 

Second, as citizens of the holy nation, we 
necessarily and automatically become part of 
a community beyond ourselves. Many Chris- 
tians think of conversion as personal and 
private. But being converted is not just be- 
ing separated — or "saved" — from one's sinful 
past; it is being joined to a holy God and 
His people. That is the very essence of the 

That sounds simple, but living it is not. We 
Christians must be different, prepared to live 
not by the self-aggrandizing rules of this cul- 
ture, but by that commandment which tells 
us to bear one another's burdens and to lay 
down our lives for one another. Let me illus- 

Next to my conversion, the most powerful 
spiritual experience of my life was when, in 
prison, I learned that a member of my prayer 
group, who happened then to be the eighth 
ranking Republican in the House of Repre- 
sentatives and is now the governor of Min- 
nesota, had asked the President if he could 
serve my remaining sentence in my place so 

'We believe there must 
be a Christian influence 
in every facet of society. 
So, Christians must 
participate, vote, work 
from within and without 
to see that government 
is an instrument of 
social justice." 

I could be with my wife and kids, who were 
experiencing serious problems. That is 
citizenship in the holy nation. 

At a White House meeting last spring, I 
was thrilled when President Reagan referred 
to Agape House, a project in Jefferson City, 
as an illustration of what Christian groups 
should be doing. Agape House started a few 
years ago when volunteers in our ministry 
discovered that wives traveling from St. 
Louis and Kansas City to visit their hus- 
bands in the state penitentiary had no place 
to stay, and often slept in cars or in parks. 
The volunteers bought an old house and ren- 
ovated it as a guest home where inmates' 
families could get food, lodging, and Chris- 
tian love. That is citizenship in the holy 

A couple in Denver recently mortgaged 
their home to get bail money for an inmate 
they had been ministering to. That's 
citizenship in the holy nation. 

Since we are part of a corporate body, we 
bear corporate responsibility for what hap- 
pens around us. All too often we Christians 
act as if we secretly delight in the moral pol- 
lution around us; the more depraved the 
world is, the more righteous we feel by com- 

Worship God alone 

Third, as members of the holy nation, we 
worship the unseen God, who through His 
Son dwells in each of us. We are to respect 
and follow those in whom God reposes 
spiritual authority, but we must remember 
that ours is a jealous Sovereign. The first 
four of the Ten Commandments deal not 
with our sins against our fellow man but 
with the requirements of exclusive worship 
and reverence for our Creator God. 

Americans have come to worship fame for 
fame's sake. To be the object of adulation in 
America, one needs only to appear frequently 

{continued on next page) 

January 1983 

enough on television to be generally recog- 
nized; it has nothing to do with why the per- 
son is famous. 

What is it about us that causes us to with- 
hold from God the reverence we lavish on 
human idols? Over and over in the White 
House, I met people who would fiercely com- 
plain about a policy and demand an audience 
with the President. But the roaring lions I 
escorted from the waiting room became meek 
lambs in the Oval Office. I saw more awe in 
that one room than I have seen in the 
sanctuaries of all our churches combined. 

But that is the secular world, you say. 
Well, that same attitude has captured much 
of the Christian world. Instead of the pelvis- 
grinding rendition of "Hound Dog," we 
Christians have substituted Pepsodent 
smiles, spray-dried hair, and S5a-upy bar- 
itone, all slickly directed before expensive 
video cameras. But just because we're elec- 
tronically as good as Johnny Carson doesn't 
mean that we are penetrating the world with 
the convicting message of Christ. 

Stand on the Word of God 

Fourth, as citizens of the holy nation, we 
take our stand not on the shifting sands of 
secular relativism, but on the holy and iner- 
rant Word of God. Decisions in the world are 
made on the basis of expedience and chang- 
ing sociological factors. But the Word is un- 
changing, immutable, and without it we 
Christians have nothing. 

Taking our stand on biblical truth can be 
our only defense against our culture's pen- 
chant to reduce all issues to simplistic sup- 
positions and glib cliche-ridden answers. We 
impatiently expect to get solutions to the 
most profound ambiguities of life the same 
way we drive up to the fast food counter: one 
double burger, chocolate shake, and an order 

'God's definition of righteousness 
is based on justice for all 
people, especially the unfor- 
tunate; you shall not sell 
the poor for a pair of shoes, 
nor take away the coat of a 
man who borrows from you, 
you shall pay your employees 
a just wage, you shall care for 
widows and orphans, you 
shall hate evil and do good.'* 

of fries. We are faddists. Just look at the rash 
of new diets and instant physical condition- 
ing courses which week after week dominate 
our best-seller lists. 

The problem is, that "easy answer" men- 
tality is invading the Christian church: we 
want score cards by which we can instantly 
rate our politicians, new catchy acronyms for 
salvation, time-saving techniques for disci- 
pleship. But formulas don't convert people; 
slick slogans and cute phrases are no substi- 
tute for hard spiritual truth. 

As a leader in the holy nation, you must 
challenge presuppositions — not only of soci- 
ety as a whole, but of the evangelical subcul- 
ture as well. The gospel of Jesus Christ must 
be the bad news of conviction of sin before it 
can be the good news of redemption. The 
truth is revealed in God's holy Word; life can 
be lived only in absolute and disciplined sub- 
mission to its authority. 

Strive after righteousness 

Fifth, we are commanded not only to seek 
first the Kingdom of God — don't stop there — 
but as well His righteousness. 

Righteousness or holy living is often seen 
by Christians as maintaining chaste sexual 
standards, tithing, faithful church attend- 
ance, being friendly to those around us. Well, 
those are indeed Christian responsibilities, 
but only the beginning of holy living. 

And many believers categorize their re- 
fraining from alcohol, tobacco, cards, and 
dancing as holy living. 
Though God may call you 
to that type of witness, 
it is only skimming the 
surface at best. That is 
piety. And you must 
never, never confuse 
piety with righteous- 


The Brethren Evangelist 

ness. God's definition of righteousness is 
based on justice for all people, especially the 
unfortunate; you shall not sell the poor for a 
pair of shoes, nor take away the coat of a 
man who borrows from you, you shall pay 
your employees a just wage, you shall care 
for widows and orphans, you shall hate evil 
and do good. 

After 10 years in a Soviet gulag, Alexan- 
der Solzhenitsyn wrote, "Bless you, prison, 
for having been in my life." For it was there 
he learned that "the meaning of earthly ex- 
istence lies, not as we have grown used to 
thinking, in prospering, but in the develop- 
ment of the soul." I, too, can say, "Bless you, 
prison," for it was there that I learned to see 
justice in the way that Amos and Micah and 
Jeremiah and Isaiah saw it, the way it is to 
be in the holy nation. 

Justice is not achieved in God's eyes until 
a society is as concerned with the rights and 
dignity of the man in a prison cell as it is 
with the man in the executive suite. If we're 
honest, I suspect we will agree that we're as 
far away from that standard today as the 
holy nation was in the time of Amos. But 
that standard is what you and I must work 

Stand in faithful obedience 

Sixth, be prepared as a citizen of the holy 
nation to take your stand in faithful obedi- 
ence to your Lord, to make a difference with 
your life. That will probably mean standing 
against the culture in "a bold and majestic 
witness to the holy commandments of God," 
as Carl Henry has put it. That does not just 
mean contributing or paying dues to some 
moralistic crusade. It means standing in the 
gap, if need be, by yourself. 

'Justice is not 
achieved in 
God's eyes until 
a society is as 
concerned with 
the rights and 
dignity of the 
man in a prison 
cell as it is 
with the man in 
the executive 

January 1983 

I guarantee you will have many oppor- 
tunities, small and large, to take your stand. 
If not, you need to question your own com- 
mitment. Conformity is the high priest of 
American culture, and has infiltrated the 
holy nation. So it is not easy, but I beseech 
you, dare to be different. Dare to live as a 
citizen of the holy nation. 

Participate in the human drama 

Seventh, and finally, citizens of the holy 
nation must participate in the human 
drama. Much of the church today has with- 
drawn, seeking refuge on the high — and 
often affluent — ground. Our multi-million 
dollar church complexes are as remote and 
protected as walled medieval fortresses, pro- 
tected from the swirling and polluted waters 
where most of the sick, hungry, and hurting 
people are. So they cannot identify with us 
and will consequently never hear our mes- 
sage. But imagine what would happen if the 
poor and needy could see us where they live, 
as we meet them at their point of need. 

The French scholar, Jacques Ellul, wrote 
that until we have "really understood the 
actual plight of our contemporaries and we 
have heard their cry of anguish, until we 
have shared their suffering both physical 
and spiritual, and their despair and desola- 
tion, then we shall be able to proclaim the 
Word of God, but not until then." The Apos- 
tle Paul called it the fellowship of suffering. 
It is a spiritual mystery — suffering with 
others draws us closer to our Christ who suf- 
fered for us. 

Being in prison has given me this insight. 
For the most meaningful communions I have 
had with my Lord have not been in the great 
cathedrals of the world I've been privileged 
to preach in, nor in the parliaments where I 
have spoken, nor in the most influential 
gatherings of Christian leaders. They have 
been instead on my knees on the grimy, con- 
crete floor of a rotten prison cell with my 
hand on the shoulder of a tough, burly con- 
vict who sobs with joy as we meet Another 
who was in prison, executed and rose from a 
tomb for us — His name is Jesus. 

My friends, take your posts. You have been 
called out by the most high and holy God to 
serve Him in the building of His holy nation. 
You are called not to be successful or to meet 
any of the other counterfeit standards of this 
world, but to be faithful, and to be expended 
in the cause of serving the risen and return- 
ing Christ. [t] 

Copyright ©, 1982, Prison Fellowship 


Ashland Theological Seminary 

"A Time For All Things" 

THERE is an appointed time for everything. 
And there is a time for every event under heaven — 
A time to give birth, and a time to die; 
A time to plant, and a time to uproot what is planted. 
A time to kill, and a time to heal; 
A time to tear down, and a time to build up. 
A time to weep, and a time to laugh; 
A time to mourn, and a time to dance. 
A time to throw stones, and a time 

to gather stones; 
A time to embrace, and a time 

to shun embracing. 
A time to search, and a 

time to give up as lost; 
A time to keep, and a 

time to throw away. 
A time to tear apart, 

and a time to sew 

A time to be silent, and 

a time to speak. 
A time to love, and a 

time to hate; 
A time for war, and a time 

for peace. 

Ecclesiastes 3:1-8, NASB 

I HAVE seen the task which God has given 
the sons of men .... He has made everything 
appropriate in its time. He has also set eternity in their 
heart .... I know that everything God does will remain 
forever .... 

Ecclesiastes 3:10-14, NASB 


The Brethren Evangelist 

A Time For Preparing 

Ronk Memorial Chapel, center of campus life, where students gather regularly 
throughout the week for worship, inspiration, fellowship, and growth. 

by Dr. Joseph R. Shultz, President, Ashland College and Theological Seminary 

THE truth of the Gk)spel of Jesus Christ re- 
quires an educated laity and a well-trained 
clergy. Many passages of Scripture, including 
Romans 12, teach us that "the preaching of the 
heavenly doctrine has been enjoined upon the pas- 
tors. We see that all are brought under the same 
regulation, that with a gentle and teachable spirit 
they may allow themselves to be governed by 
teachers appointed to this function" (Calvin). 

God created man with intelligence. He spoke 
through the prophets. He gave His Son into the 
world whereby the message might be communi- 
cated. Therefore, it is absolutely essential that 
both laity and clergy in the church be prepared to 
understand Scripture in its depth and teach it in 
its breadth. 

A theological seminary must stand within the 
community of the people of God, addressing the 
questions concerning the meaning and purpose of 
life, the nature of God, the character of salvation 
and redemption in Christ, the responsibilities of 
discipleship, the structure of a just and humane 

Answers will not come from the seminaries 
alone, but from the community of faith. Neverthe- 
less, the seminary remains the intellectual center 

. ~-~-~~-_<-^ ^ -^ ^^. of the 

church's in- 
quiry into 
and faith 
in the mod- 
em world. 

society is 
historical — 
which is 
both good 
and bad. 
The good 

aspect of this is that the American church will try 
new methods. On the other hand, it has produced 
a certain kind of arrogance which, at times, does 
not integrate tradition with new methods. 

I am persuaded that at least part of the church's 
uncertainty and aimlessness today lies in its fail- 
ure to understand and appropriate the richness 
and diversity of tradition and apply it to modem 
methods. We belong to a communion of saints, a 
legacy of witnesses, that is both more sinful and 

more faithful than we have assumed. A good prep- 
aration of the leaders of the church bridges and 
strengthens the past with the future. 

The American church during the past decade 
has been caught primarily by one or the other of 
two dynamics — (1) a charismatic emotionalism 
which does not always ring true to the word or the 
Spirit of God, or (2) bureaucratic schemes built 
upon business management methods which do not 
necessarily operate within the givens of the 
church. Adequately trained, qualified persons are 
needed who can live among the various dynamics 
of the church and history and guide the church 
into a successful future. 

The essence of the gospel is startling in its sim- 
plicity: "Repent and believe on the Lord Jesus 
Christ." But the Scriptures which bring this truth 
to the church of the world are vast and complex, 
requiring the preparation of qualified persons for 
the church now and in the future. [t] 

January 1983 


. . . A Time For Sharing 

by Dr. Frederick J. Finks, Vice President, Ashland Theological Seminary 

MANY of our students have come to study at 
Ashland Seminary at great personal sac- 
rifice. As we watch them arrive, with U-Hauls 
packed with all they own, we are inspired again 
and again by their tremendous faith. They have 
come to study, to prepare, to answer God's direct 
call upon their lives. They have given up much to 
be here, but as we talk with them, they minimize 
their sacrifice, being completely assured that this 
is what God wants for them. 

"Jesus said, 'Truly I say to you, there is no one 
who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother 
or father or children or farms, for My sake and for 
the gospel's sake, but that he shall receive a 
hundred times as much now in the present age, 
houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and 
children and farms, along with persecutions; and 
in the world to come, eternal life.' " 

These students do need 
our help, and there are 
several ways we can 
all participate — both 
churches and individuals. 

Brethren churches 
share in the overall 
ministry of ATS by sup- 
porting through the Gen- 
eral Conference approved 
Fair-Share Giving at the 
rate of $7.50 a member. 
Last year the Brethren 
churches supported this 

essential ministry by contributing approximately 
$81,000.00. The seminary remains faithful to the 
teachings of the Holy Scripture. It is without ques- 
tion one of the leading evangelical seminaries in 
America. We Brethren can be proud of our semi- 
nary, and we can be pleased that the voice of the 
Brethren is being carried far and wide through all 
of our graduates. 

Each week students gather 
and share together as a comm 

in the sunroom to pray 
unity of believers. 

Individual support is a key to the future. 
Many individuals can become active in the ongo- 
ing support of the ministry of Ashland Seminary. 
This is a unique way to share the resources God 
has blessed you with as you help someone prepar- 
ing for the ministry. In this way you become 

actively involved in the 
personal training and fu- 
ture outreach of a semi- 
nary student. Only God 
can fathom the depth and 
height of such a gift un- 
leashed for the Kingdom 
of God. 

ATS 1000 is a new and 

exciting way to provide 

continuing scholarship 

aid. A person can become 

a member ofATS 1000 by 

pledging a gift of $1,000 

over a four-year period. The total amount raised 

will be placed into an endowment fund that will 

insure scholarship aid for the future. 

A gift of $1,000 will provide more than $100 a 
year (through interest) for scholarships until the 
Lord returns. (Coupled with others, the concept 
grows — $10,000 in endowment provides $1,000, 
$100,000 provides $10,000.) It is indeed an invest- 
ment for a lifetime. And who could think of a 
better way of serving God and using your re- 
sources than in the training of a minister who 
will then spread God's Good News. 

Prayer support is very crucial. Prayer for 
the seminary, faculty, students, and new re- 
cruits for the Brethren ministry should be 
among your utmost priorities. We need to 
link together our hearts and minds as we 
seek the greater glory of God. 

Thank you. Brethren, for your concern and 
support of Ashland Theological Seminary. To- 
gether we are partners in the gospel. [t] 


The Brethren Evangelist 

. A Time For Rejoicing 

"Ye^ will I rejoice in the Lord. 
I will joy in the God of my Salvation" Hab. 3:18 

ASHLAND THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY is circling the globe with 
the message of Jesus Christ. Each year new workers are added to 
the field. That number continues to keep on growing. This past 
graduating class sent 94 alumni to join the previous graduates total- 
ing over 600 ATS alumni ministering in all parts of the world. 

Ashland Theological Seminary is actively serving the Brethren 
Church and its growing mission. Seminary graduates serve in Breth- 
ren churches, national church offices, college and seminary, mission 
points, and other numerous areas of ministry throughout the brother- 

We rejoice in God's blessing upon the seminary and the faithfulness 
of His people who insure that this work continues. 

George Solomon 

Milledgeville, III. 

Bud Hamel 

International Radio Ministry 
Sarasota, Fla. 

Juan Carlos Miranda 

Mission Supervisor 


Doc Shank 


Edinburg, Va. 


The World 

For Christ 

Ron Williams 
Church Planter 
Cleveland, Ohio 

Keith Hensley 
Church Planter 
North Carolina 

K. Prasanth Kumar 

Rajahmundry, India 

January 1983 


A Time For Training 

by Dr. Jerry Flora, Associate Professor of New Testament and Theology 

WHEN our Lord set out to liberate the world, 
He chose a limited number of students and 
trained them intensively for three years. Of the 
hundreds who flocked to Him, He selected only 
those whom He wanted to become apostles. 

When Rabbi Saul of Tarsus became a Christian, 
he spent three years in Arabia before attempting 
any recorded public ministry. Just where he went 
and what he did in Arabia is unknown, but it is 
plain that he did not begin his career without 

And when Paul was about to conclude his 
ministry, he gave specific instructions to his 
spiritual son, Timothy: "You have heard every- 
thing that I teach in public; hand it on to reliable 
people so that they in turn will be able to teach 
others" (II Tim. 2:2). This meant that no one 
would be ordained quickly; instead, every prospec- 
tive pastor would have opportunity to be seasoned 
before appointment (I Tim. 5:22). 

From such beginnings as these comes the stand- 
ard seminary education of today. A seminary edu- 
cation is to a pastor what medical school is to a 
general practitioner. That is, both persons engage 
in family wellness as their profession, and medi- 
cal school or seminary is the time of intensive 
training before they take another person's life 
into their own hands. 

The standard seminary education is the three- 
year Master of Divinity program following college 
graduation. The M. Div. degree is geared to pre- 
pare a candidate for examination by the church as 
to fitness for ministry. A seminary cannot certify 
whether persons are totally ready for ministry, for 
a seminary is an educational institution. And 
there's more to ministry than head-knowledge. 

Dr. Carl F.H. Henry, lec- 
turer -at-large, former editor 
of Christianity Today, and 
noted author, was the fea- 
tured speaker for the ATS 
fall lecture series. 

Pastors often return to ATS for continuing education 
and seminars. Here Dr. Jack Oxenrider (I.) and Rev. 
Brian Moore (c.) discuss a seminary lecture with Dr. 
John Shultz, an ATS professor. 

But a seminary 
staffed by persons 
with missionary and 
pastoral experience 
can guide candidates 
to prepare for the 
church's examination 
of their fitness. 

Areas of training 
include biblical 

studies, church his- 
tory. Christian theol- 
ogy and thought, and 
the various forms 
that ministry takes, 
such as pastoral care, 
church administra- 
tion. Christian edu- 
cation, preaching, 
and worship leader- 
ship. That's a big order! In addition, students have 
individual interests which need to be pursued 
through elective courses. All of this takes at least 
three years of disciplined full-time study. If the 
student serves a pastorate while in school or can 
be apprenticed in an internship, then the three 
years will become four or five. We ask that much 
of those who would treat our bodies and teach us 
how to live in physical wellness. Should we expect 
less of those who would save soul and body for 
godly living and for eternal life? 

Seminaries today also train lay persons who 
wish to prepare for church leadership but not for 
ordination as pastors. To meet this need, 
seminaries have developed the Master of Arts de- 
gree. It is a two-year program in which students 
can specialize in Christian education, or in psy- 
chology and counseling, or in general religious 
studies. Many students across America are taking 
such programs in order to become more effective 
workers for Christ and the gospel wherever He 
may lead. 

Ashland Theological Seminary provides a time 
for training and a place in which to do it. The only 
seminary of The Brethren Church and the largest 
seminary in Ohio, Ashland is noted for its strong 
biblical curriculum, its unique counseling pro- 
grams, and its felt style of Christian caring. Every 
member of the full-time faculty has been a mis- 
sionary or pastor, and they teach from this back- 
ground along with their specialized training. 

And students come. There are more Brethren 
students at Ashland (next page) 


The Brethren Evangelist 

A Time For Serving 

by Dr. Charles Munson, Dean, Ashland Theological Seminary 

WHEN is it not a time for serving? Is it when 
you are too busy? Or is it when the person 
who needs served is not the right kind of person in 
your judgment? Perhaps it is not the time for 
serving when it would require a sacrifice on your 
part. Or perhaps the time for serving is when you 
are more in the mood for serving. When is it the 
time for serving? 

The Bible does not hesitate with an answer. The 
question is not, "Who is my neighbor?" but, "Are 
you a neighbor?" That's the real question (see 
Luke 10:29 and 36). Furthermore, Jesus said that 
slaves don't come in from a hard day and have 
their masters prepare the meal. The slaves pre- 
pare the meal for the master, then they eat (Luke 
17:7-10). Servants serve at someone else's bidding, 
in someone else's house. They don't get thanked, 
and it doesn't matter how hard they work. It 
doesn't change their station. 

The Bible also says that persons ought to work 
so that they can give, not hoard (Eph. 4:28). Paul 
told the Ephesians to stop stealing and instead of 

There are 32 Brethren students attending ATS 
this year — 14 from the Indiana District, 10 from 
Ohio, 4 from Pennsylvania, 2 from Florida, and 1 
each from the Southeast and Central Districts. 

(continued from previous page) 
Seminary this year than at any time in the 
school's past. They need the support of their home 
churches. They need scholarship funds. They need 
letters of encouragement. They need opportunities 
to minister. They need internship situations. They 
need prayers on their behalf. 

A seminary is not a monastery, shut away from 
the noise of the world. Neither is it a preacher fac- 
tory where imitations of some model are mass- 
produced and attractively packaged. Nor is it a 
place where one can go and learn all that will 
ever be needed for a lifetime of ministry. Instead, 
a seminary is an experience of stretching, enlarg- 
ing, attempting, qualifying. A seminary is a time 
... a time for training. [t] 

gaining from theft, work, and from the increase, 

The Bible says to "say to the rich . . .to do good 
and to grow rich in noble actions, to be ready to 
give away and to share, 
and so acquire a 
treasure which 
will form a good 
foundation for 
the future" 
(I Tim. 

Now that's enough evidence to answer the ques- 
tion "When is it time to serve?" You serve and 
give any time with whatever you have. 

There are 32 Brethren students attending Ash- 
land Theological Seminary at the present. Do you 
want to serve someone? Is it time for serving for 

Ashland has one of the lowest tuition costs in 
the United States. Nevertheless, Brethren stu- 
dents still need tuition help. Would you or your 
church serve a Brethren student with a year's tui- 
tion cost of $1,875.00? Or perhaps all three years? 
Would you serve a Brethren student with living 
costs? Would you help at all in any way? Write for 
ways to serve if you need guidance. 

It is a time for serving. Will you do it for an 
ATS student? [t] 

-£^ am ~ '•'■I—Mi' • 'imiiiMiiiiMi-w'"iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii t m i 

Brethren students (I. to r.) Dennis Wilson, Fred Bran- 
don, Gregg Moser, and Danny Lawson meet on the semi- 
nary lawn following chapel. 

January 1983 



news from the Brethren Church 

Bob Van Hoose ordained September 5 
at Williamstown Church 

Williamstown, Ohio — Bob Van 

Hoose was ordained an elder in 
The Brethren Church on Sunday, 
September 5, 1982. The service of 
ordination took place at the Wil- 
liamstown First Brethren Church, 
where Rev. Van Hoose has served 
as pastor nearly five years. 

Rev. W. St. Clair Benshoff, pas- 
tor of the College Corner Brethren 
Church, presented the message for 
the service. Rev. George Hagen- 
buch read the scriptural charge to 
the candidate and to the candi- 
date's wife, Janet. The action of 
the church calling Van Hoose to 
pastoral ministry was read by 
Nancy Launder, secretary of the 
official board. Also participating 
in the service were Rev. Ray Mil- 
ler, former pastor, and Mr. and 
Mrs. Van Hoose. 

Special organ and piano music 
was presented by Rev. St. Clair 
and Mrs. Pauline Benshoff. 

Bob Van Hoose's ordination is 
the culmination of a process that 
began in the summer of 1970, 

Rev. & Mrs. Bob Van Hoose 

when he and his wife became 
Christians. They joined the Alger, 
Ohio, Assembly of God, and served 
in several offices. Then in 1973, 
Van Hoose felt Grod calling him 
into the pastoral ministry. He en- 

rolled in a home study Bible 
course and also accepted pastoral 
duties in a small Full Gospel 
Church of Christ. 

After serving 14 months in this 
congregation, he returned to the 
Assembly of Grod. He also enrolled 
in night school at the Northwest- 
ern Business College. During this 
time he became a licensed minis- 
ter in the Ohio District of the 
Assembly of God. 

In 1977 Van Hoose was called 
to serve as pastor of the Wil- 
liamstown First Brethren Church. 
During the years that he has pas- 
tored this congregation, the 
church has added new front and 
rear entrances (including a wheel 
chair ramp) to the church building 
at a cost of over $23,000. Further 
improvements are being planned 
within the next year. 

Bob and Janet (Burkholder) Van 
Hoose were married December 24, 
1963. They have three children — 
Kenny (16), Amy (15), and Joel 
David (8). 

New church building under 
construction at Lathrop 

Lathrop, Calif. — The Lathrop 
Brethren Church is in the process 
of building a new church building, 
according to a report from Gail 
Poindexter, a member of the con- 
gregation. The building is now 
under roof. 

"Two contractors, John Phillips 
and Jack Hoover (both members of 
our church), have been responsible 
for a large amount of the construc- 
tion," Mrs. Poindexter stated. 
"Other men and women have 
worked very hard and faithfully to 
get our building to where it is 
now. Mac Freeman has donated 
every spare moment of his time to 

the construction. He has been in 
charge of heading up the work 
crew and of keeping us informed of 
the progress being made," Mrs. 
Poindexter added. 
After more than a year without 

a pastor, the Lathrop congregation 
welcomed the Rev. James Sluss 
family into its midst in December. 
More information about the new 
Lathrop building will be presented 
in a later Evangelist. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


West Alexandria member Ulysses Noe 
honored as Employee of the Year 

West Alexandria, Ohio — Ulysses 
Noe, a member of the West 
Alexandria First Brethren 
Church, was recently honored 
"Employee of the Year" of the en- 
gineering department by his em- 
ployer — the Veterans Administra- 
tion Center. Mr. Noe was given 
the award because of his outstand- 
ing performance, leadership, good 
example, conscientious work, good 
attendance record, and because he 
is admired and looked up to by his 
fellow employees. He has worked 
at the Veterans Administration 
Center for 15 years, where he is 
supervisor of the electrical shop. 
Ulysses has been a member of 

the West Alexandria Brethren 
Church since 1969. He has served 
as Sunday school teacher and now 
serves as a trustee. He and his 
wife, Faye, are also deacon and 

Mr. and Mrs. Noe have two 
daughters (both married) and four 

According to Rev. Charles 
Ankney, pastor of the West 
Alexandria congregation, "Ulysses 
is a fine Christian man who con- 
stantly and earnestly desires for 
God to have first place in his life. 
He is never ashamed of Jesus 
Christ on the job or anywhere else. 
At all times and under any cir- 

Bethlehem Brethren Church experiencing 
renewed life and vision 

Harrisonburg, Va. — The Beth- 
lehem Brethren Church is experi- 
encing renewed life and vision, ac- 
cording to Rev. Pat Velanzon, pas- 
tor of the congregation. Evidence 
of this is five new Christians who 
recently joined the church. The 
congregation is also developing 
"church growth eyes" as it looks at 
the city of Harrisonburg, which 
has grown out to and now sur- 
rounds the church. 

Door-to-door canvassing last 
summer resulted in overflowing 

classrooms during vacation Bible 
school. Wednesday night fellow- 
ship has grown and the church's 
home Bible study and BYC groups 
are active and growing. 

Recognizing the part a well-kept 
building plays in reaching and 
holding new people, the congrega- 
tion recently painted the church 
building both inside and out, and 
put on a new roof. 

According to Pastor Velanzon, 
the congregation looks forward to 
a bright and blessed future. 

Painters at work sprucing up the Bethlehem church building. 

January 1983 

cumstance, Ulysses is a living 
testimony for his Lord." 


Mr. and Mrs. Ulysses Noe 

Sunday School 
Order Time 

Your Sunday School 
order for next quarter is 
due the 15th of this 

Make your final selection 
now, and send your order 

Brethren Publishing Co. 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone (419) 289-1708 

Your order through the Breth- 
ren Publishing Company 
helps support the Brethren 





Fifteen from Berlin cliurcti visit 
iiome mission ciiurcti at Sarver, Pa. 

Berlin, Pa. — Fifteen members of 
the Berlin Brethren Church visi- 
ted Pennsylvania's newest mission 
congregation, the Sarver Brethren 
Church, on Sunday, November 14. 
The purposes of their visit were to 
become better acquainted with 
this mission church and to provide 
encouragement to the young con- 

The group traveled together in a 
van, leaving Berlin at 6:45 Sunday 
morning and arriving at Sarver in 
time for the Sunday school hour. 
They attended both the Sunday 
school and the worship services, 
and were guests at a fellowship 
meal served by the women of the 
Sarver congregation. 

Although the Sarver church 
building was dedicated more than 
a year ago, most of the group from 
Berlin had never seen it. One 
member of the group commented, 
"... we were not prepared to see 
how lovely the little church on the 
hill was." Much of the inside work 
on the building was done by the 
members of the congregation. 


The Sarver Brethren Church building was dedicated on July 26, 1981. 

Bill Campbell, who did the plas- 
tering in the building, was also a 
guest at this service. A singer as 
well as a plasterer, he presented 
two vocal solos during the service. 

Although most of the group from 
Berlin had never been to Sarver, 
the Berlin church has been gener- 
ous in its support of this mission 

Dr. Arthur Climenhaga retires from 
Ashland Theological Seminary 

Ashland, Ohio — Dr. Arthur 
Climenhaga, professor of theology 
and missions and director of 
academic affairs for Ashland 
Theological Seminary, retired in 
December to become the adminis- 
trator of Upland Manor, a retire- 
ment home in Upland, Calif. He 
served on the ATS faculty for four 
and one-half years. 

Prior to coming to Ashland, Dr. 
Climenhaga was vice-president/ 
dean of Western Evangelical 
Seminary. He also served as presi- 
dent of Upland College, president 
of Messiah College, as a bishop in 
the Brethren in Christ Church, 
and as a missionary to Rhodesia 
and Zambia. He is currently the 
general conference secretary of the 
Brethren in Christ Church. 

Dr. Arthur Climenhaga 

During his four and one-half 
years at ATS, Dr. Climenhaga of- 
fered a rich flavor to the communi- 
ty life of the school. 

church. An item in the Sarver 
church bulletin for November 14 
said, "A hearty WELCOME goes 
to our guests from the Berlin 
Brethren Church. We appreciate 
their presence. We appreciate 
their spirit of love evidenced in 
their gracious gifts of money 
which has proved so helpful in get- 
ting the work here at Sarver un- 
derway. We appreciate also the 
most recent gift of offering plates. 
REN for caring and sharing." 

While at the Sarver church on 
the 14th, one member of the Ber- 
lin group met another of the 
church's needs. Noting that the 
church did not have a set of flags 
to display in the sanctuary, she 
made arrangements to purchase a 
set for the congregation. 

The Berlin group left Sarver 
feeling that supporting home mis- 
sions is important and worthwhile. 
Because of their visit, they are all 
the more committed to pray for 
this young church and its pastor. 
Rev. Ed Wingard. 

Other church groups might 
want to consider making similar 
visits to home mission churches. 
They would both give and receive 
a blessing from the visit. 

— reported by Ida Kimmel 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Louisville First Brethren completes phase one 
of remodeling; begins clown ministry 

Louisville, Ohio — The First 
Brethren Church of Louisville 
completed phase one of its remod- 
eling program in September. The 
project included insulating the 
sanctuary walls, covering the ex- 
terior of the walls with vinyl sid- 
ing, putting several feet of brick 
up from the foundation, and brick- 
ing in the southwest entrance. The 
bricks match those of the educa- 
tional building, which was built in 

Plans are being developed for fu- 
ture remodeling of the interior of 
the sanctuary and for an addition 
and new entrance on the east side 
of the sanctuary. 

Also during September, the 
Louisville First Church introduced 
a new clown ministry to supple- 
ment its ongoing puppet ministry. 
Both the clown and puppet minis- 
tries are used inside and outside 
the church for special children's 

One important outreach of these 
ministries was their participation 
in the Louisville Constitution Day 
Parade in September. A number of 
the clowns marched in the parade 
and a float was built for the event. 
The clown and puppet ministries 
have also shared with the children 
on the pediatrics floor of a local 

hospital. The Louisville First 
Church plans to use these minis- 
tries for further outreach into the 
community at nursing homes and 

According to Louisville Pastor 
John Brownsberger, "The children 
and the 'child' inside all of us who 
needs to play, celebrate, and have 
fun, really are enjoying this new 
clown ministry." Pastor Browns- 
berger added, "Many thanks go 
out to Mr. and Mrs. James Wolf, 
Mr. and Mrs. Larry Hannan, Jean 
Hiner, Bill Williams, Mr. and Mrs. 
John Wackerly, and countless 
others for their work with this 

Louisville First Brethren Church building (at left) showing the improvements on the exterior of the sanctuary. At 
right, the puppet and clown ministries in action. Photos by Ray Bates. 

Florida winter retreat being planned 
by National Laymen's organization 

Russiaville, Ind. — The National 
Laymen's Organization is sponsor- 
ing a winter retreat, to be hosted 
by the Laymen of the Florida Dis- 
trict. The retreat is planned for 
February 21-25, 1983, and will 
be held at Lakewood Retreat, 
Brooksville, Fla. All laymen and 
families of the Brotherhood are in- 
The retreat will offer an infor- 

mal time of recreation, inspira- 
tion, and fellowship. Lakewood Re- 
treat has a large lake, hills, and 
woods, and those who attend the 
retreat will be able to use boats, a 
pool, and other recreational facili- 
ties. A hall seating 250 is avail- 
able for inspirational services. 

Cost of the retreat will be $12.75 
per person per day, which includes 
room, three meals, and use of 

recreational facilities. Camper 
hook ups are available at $7.00 
per night for water, electricity, 
and drain. 

Lakewood Retreat is located just 
30 minutes north of Busch Gar- 
dens, three miles west of 1-75 (off 
the third 1-75 exit north of 

For more information about the 
retreat, contact your local Lay- 
men's representative or write to 
James Payne, Rt. 3, Box 61, 
Russiaville, IN 46979; or to Lynn 
Stump, 185 N. Jefferson, Sarasota, 
FL 33577 (phone 813-955-6983). 

January 1983 



Mr. & Mrs. Norman Grumbling new deacon 
and deaconess at Johnstown Third 

Johnstown, Pa. — Mr. and Mrs. 
Norman Grumbling, Jr., were or- 
dained deacon and deaconess in 
the Third Brethren Church of 
Johnstown at a special service in 

Rev. Glenn Grumbling, brother 
of the new deacon and pastor of 
the Mt. Olivet Brethren Church, 
Georgetown, Del., presented the 
message for the service. Charlotte 
Howard, church secretary, read 
the official minutes pertaining to 
their call to be deacon and deacon- 
ess. Rev. Duane Dickson, pastor of 
the Johnstown Third congregation, 
and Rev. Grumbling administered 
the vows. 

Special music included a solo by 
Doris Grumbling, an anthem by 
the choir, and a selection by a 
male quartet (Glenn and Norman 
Grumbling and Floyd and Glenn 

Stockton Church dedicates 
restored church building 

Stockton, Calif. — The Stockton 
Brethren Church dedicated its re- 
stored church building at a special 
service on Sunday afternoon, 
November 7. 

The restoration was made neces- 
sary by a fire which raged through 
the building on July 6, 1981. Dam- 

Members of the deacon board of the Johnstown Third Church are (1st 
row, I. to r.) Ivy Tilley, Norman Grumbling, Jr., Grace Grumbling, Helen 
Dickson, (2nd row) Violet Grumbling, Erma Benshoff, Charlotte Howard, 
Mary Blough, (3rd row) Clyde Grumbling, Floyd Benshoff, Richard 
Howard, Robert Blough, and Pastor Duane Dickson. 

Benshoff). Rita Golby and Barbara 
Rudge were organist and pianist 
for the service. 

A reception for the new deacon 
and deaconess was held in the 
church annex following the ordi- 
nation service, with the church 

age from the fire was limited to 
the interior and contents. 

Rev. William Fells, who origi- 
nally dedicated the Stockton 
church building, also participated 
in the rededication service. 

Rev. Richard Boyd is pastor of 
the Stockton congregation. 

Restored sanctuary of the Stockton Brethren Church. 

social committee, headed by June 
Mitchell, catering. 

In addition to their responsibili- 
ties in the Johnstown Third 
Church, Norman Grumbling is on 
the Ashland College Board of 
Trustees, and Grace Grumbling is 
assistant secretary for General 
Conference and editor of the 
Woman's Outlook. 

— reported by Floyd Benshoff 


Mr. and Mrs. Herrell Waters, 

56th, December 24. Members of 
the Loree Brethren Church. 

Louis and Geraldine Szczypier- 
ski, 54th, December 22. Members 
of the Ardmore First Brethren 

Artie and Juanita Elliot, 60th, 
December 2. Members of the 
Lathrop Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Rora- 
baugh, 51st, November 26. Mem- 
bers of the Vinco Brethren 

Membership Growth 

Fairless Hills: 3 by baptism 

Flora: 1 by baptism 

Lathrop: 6 by baptism 


The Brethren Evangelist 


In Memory 

David Sylvester Johnson, 89, December 10. Mem- 
ber of the Himtington First Brethren Church where 
he received perfect attendance awards for the last 18 
years. During this period Mr. Johnson walked approx- 
imately two miles to church regardless of weather con- 
ditions. Services by James Vandermark, pastor. 
Russell R. Flora, 74, December 5. Member and 
deacon of the Flora First Brethren Church. Services 
by Alvin Grumbling, pastor. 

Edna Hopkins, 96, December 2. She was the oldest 
member of the Bryan First Brethren Church. Services 
by Marlin McCann, pastor. 

Marshall H. Duffy, 63, November 24. Member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. Services by 
Woodrow Immel, pastor. 

Charles S. Mackel, 82, October 30. Member of the 
Vinco Brethren Church. Services by Carl H. Phillips, 
pastor, and Rev. William D. Walk. 

Catherine S. Allen, 69, April 3. Member of the Bur- 
lington First Brethren Church. Services by Ken Goss, 

Edna Polk Boch 

Former Breth- 
ren missionary 
Edna Polk Boch, 
87, went to be 
with the Lord on 
November 12, 
1982. A member 
of the Burlington 
:^. '-. First Brethren 

'-*''" Church, Mrs. 

'."•i Boch was the wife 

of Elder William 
Boch. They served 
as Brethren mis- 
sionaries to 
Argentina from 
1916 to 1920. 
The Bochs did 
Elder and Mrs. William H. ^^^ wait until 
Bock, as pictured in the April ^j^g^ „q^ ^^ 
23, 1919, Evangelist. Argentina to 
begin their work. They held three preaching services 
on the ship that took them to the mission field. 

In Argentina, they spent most of their four years of 
service in Rio Cuarto, where they worked directly 
with the church in evangelism. 

In January of 1919 they moved from Rio Cuarto 
about 70 miles to La Carlota. In this town they held 
open air meetings and began a Sunday school. They 
also bought a surrey and traveled to each house in La 
Carlota. They were successful in placing at least a 
portion of scripture in every home in the community. 
Services for Mrs. Boch were conducted by Ken Goss, 
pastor of the Burlington First Brethren Church. 

Dr. J. Garber Drushal 

Dr. John Garber 
Drushal, 70, died De- 
cember 3. Dr. Drushal 
was a former member 
of the Smith ville Breth- 
ren Church and served 
as General Conference 
moderator in 1942, at 
30 the youngest per- 
son ever to hold this 
office. He also served 
on the Board of Trus- 
tees of the Retirement 
Fund and on the Mis- 
sionary Board of the 
Brethren Church. 

Durshal was bom in 
Lost Creek, Ky., July 
16, 1912, the son of Rev. and Mrs. George Drushal, 
founders of the Riverside Christian Training School. 

He attended Ashland College, receiving a B.A. de- 
gree in 1935. He also taught one year at the college 
during the 1936-37 school year. The college presented 
him the Distinguished Alumni Award in 1966 and an 
honorary Doctor of Laws degree in 1968. He also held 
an earned doctorate from Ohio State University. 

In 1946, Drushal joined the speech department fac- 
ulty of the College of Wooster. In 1967 he became 
president of the College of Wooster, a position he held 
until his retirement in 1977. 

A memorial service for Durshal was held December 
6 in McGaw chapel on the Wooster campus. Dr. 
Donald Rinehart, a former pastor of Dr. Drushal and 
the current Greneral Conference moderator, partici- 
pated in the service. 


Donna Lee Wood to Tab Glenn Boyer, November 
26, at the Johnstown Second Brethren Church; Don 
Wagstaff, pastor, officiating. Groom a member of the 
Johnstown Second Brethren Church. 

Lorinda Kay Miller to Buff Taylor Fuller, 

November 13, at the College Comer Brethren Church; 
St. Clair Benshoff, pastor, officiating. Bride a member 
of the College Comer Brethren Church. 
Mindy Worl to Tony CaldweU, October 2, at the 
Loree Brethren Church; Claude Stogsdill, pastor, of- 
ficiating. Members of the Loree Brethren Church. 

Leslie Martin to Jeffrey Fellows, September 25, at 
the Kokomo First Nazarene Church; Ken Goss, pastor 
of the Burlington First Brethren Church, and Rev. 
Greg Reed officiating. Groom a member of the Bur- 
lington First Brethren Church. 
Bobbi Carol Wingard to Jerry J. Frazier, June 27, 
at the Burlington First Brethren Church; Ken Goss, 
pastor, officiating. Members of the Burlington First 
Brethren Church. 

January 1983 



To you, 

the members of 

The Brethren Church 

We of the Brethren Publishing Company 
wish you a blessed Centennial Yean 

And we stand ready to serve you in 1983 through: 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Providing inspiration to aid you in your Christian growth, and information about 
the life and ministries of The Brethren Church. 

The Sunday School Department 

Supplying materials for every age group of your Sunday school and also for your 
junior church and youth groups. 

The Print Shop 

Providing printing for denominational ministries and ever ready to meet the needs 
of local churches for letterheads, brochures, encouragement cards, and other 
printed items. 

The Brethren Bible Class Quarterly 

Offering a commentary on the International Sunday 
School lessons written by Brethren Bible scholars. 

Brethren Church Bulletin Service 

Making available full-color bulletins for every Sunday 
of the year, available with or without inspirational 
messages on the back. 

Brethren Books and Tracts 

Offering a variety of books and tracts written by Breth- 
ren authors on subjects of interest to Brethren people. 

The Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone (419) 289-1708 

^ E CX) 

O ») T 


D' :3- 3- 

E^ CO (D 

3 O 

o T a: 

(D O TO 

W O ci- 

c+ »— O 

CD I— • T 

T <D M" 

- Oq O 

(D fa 



"W"^ The Brethren ^ • j 


t^ February 1983 


Learning From Our Heritage 

by Dale R. Staffer 

Salvation: Man's Situation and God's Initiative 

LAST month we concluded a series of arti- 
cles on Brethren sources of authority. It 
is in this area and in two others — salvation 
and the church — that most of the beliefs that 
make us uniquely Brethren are to be found. 
In coming months, therefore, I would like to 
share how the Brethren have historically un- 
derstood the doctrines of salvation and the 

Any discussion of salvation must begin 
with a consideration of why salvation is nec- 
essary. From what do we need to be saved? 

Genesis 3 teaches us that the disobedience 
of Adam and Eve to the Lord's command 
(Gen. 2:16-17) brought several terrible conse- 
quences. Death, both physical and spiritual, 
became a tragic reminder of man's disobedi- 
ence. The image of God (which includes all 
those faculties unique to man), in which 
humanity was created (Gen. 1:26), became 
marred. Human experiences and relation- 
ships were distorted. And the natural crea- 
tion itself was cursed (see Gen. 3:16-19). 

The Apostle Paul teaches us that death 
has spread to all humanity not only because 
of Adam's original sin, but because each of us 
has sinned (Rom. 5:12; 3:23). In our own way 
we all have exhibited that rebellion, self- 
will, and pride which ultimately say to God, 
"I will do it my way!" 

In answer to our question, "From what do 
we need to be saved?" the Bible replies that 
we need to be saved from ourselves and from 
the grim consequences of our rebellion 
against God (read Rom. 1:18-32). As the old 
Pogo comic-strip character used to say, "We 
have met the enemy and he is us." 

In discussing salvation it is important to 
distinguish two different parts. The provi- 
sion of salvation refers to Christ's work of 
redemption for us on the cross. The appro- 
priation of salvation refers to our personal 
acceptance of Christ's work for us and the 
outworking of this salvation in our lives. 

The Brethren invariably have seen Jesus' 
life, death, and resurrection as the only 

means of salvation for mankind. It is by His 
atoning death in our place that we may ob- 
tain release from sin and its consequences. 
He has provided the forgiveness of sins, the 
freedom from guilt, the promise of eternal 
life which make it possible for us to be re- 
stored to the position of glory God intended 
for us (see Ps. 8:4-8). 

But it is upon the appropriation of salva- 
tion that I would like to focus. Just as the 
provision of salvation is solely by God's in- 
itiative, the Brethren have generally em- 
phasized that the appropriation of salvation 
also depends on God's initiative. The Breth- 
ren of the first two centuries especially 
emphasized that our personal acceptance of 
salvation must begin with the illumination 
or enlightenment of our hearts and minds. 
Today we hear little about this truth, but 
scripturally it is one of great importance. 

Simply put, because of our rebellion 
against God and the spiritual blindness that 
darkens our understanding of the things of 
the spirit (see I Cor. 2:14), each of us depends 
upon God's work of enlightening our minds 
concerning our spiritual condition. This en- 
lightenment occurs through the joint work- 
ing of the word of God (Scripture) and the 
Holy Spirit. (Here is another instance of how 
the word and Spirit work together — see the 
earlier article on the Holy Spirit.) 

Declaration of the word through preaching 
and teaching becomes a very important step 
in providing people with the knowledge of 
salvation (see Rom. 10:13-15). But knowledge 
of God's word is not enough. The Holy Spirit 
must take this seed of the word and convict 
our hearts of our spiritual need before faith 
can blossom (see Jn. 16:8-11). 

The desire to seek God and find release 
from sin and guilt is something only the 
Holy Spirit can create. It is in this sense that 
the appropriation of salvation, just like the 
provision of salvation, is solely God's gra- 
cious gift to us. We cannot attain salvation 
by our own effort. [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

V '\ The Brethren ^ • - 


Serving The Brethren Church 
throughout its one hundred years. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 


Alvin Shifflett 
Dale R. Stoffer 

Business Manager: 

Ronald W. Waters 
Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone; (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for The Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
100% church lists; $8.75 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.50 for individual sub- 

Single-copy price: 80c 

Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
dress from back of magazine and send 
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Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of The Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written re- 

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Member, Evangelical Press Association 


On October 4, 1982, President 
Reagan signed into law a joint 
resolution of Congress making 
1983 the "Year of the Bible." 
George Solomon explores the 
significance of this for Brethren 
people in an article beginning on 
page 4. 

photograph by HAROLD M. LAMBERT 

Vol. 105, No. 2 

February 1983 



The Year of the Bible 

1983 is the "Year of the Bible" and the Centennial Year of The 
Brethren Church. George Solomon thinks these are two 
reasons why Brethren people should renew their commitment 
to God's word this year. 

A Valentine From God 

in this message for St. Valentine's Day, Stephen Cole ex- 
plores God's great love for His children. 

Making Your Visits to Shut-Ins Count 

Willard A. Scofield shares suggestions that can help you bring 
added joy to a shut-in's life. 

I ■»■ « 

Benevolent Care 

12 What is a Superannuated Minister? 

Doris Shultz and Ronald W. Waters explain the Superannuated 
Ministers' Fund and introduce us to four of its recipients. 

14 Twelve Months of Progress at Brethren Care 

A look at the improvements made at Brethren Care in Ashland 
during the past year. 

16 The Brethren's Home: Sixty Years of Caring 

At the Brethren's Home in Flora, Indiana, the emphasis is on 
old-fashioned "caring." 

17 The Livingston Room — 

Alive with People and Well-Equipped 

The new addition at the Brethren's Home is now complete and 
ready for dedication on February 6. 


2 Learning From Our Heritage 

7 The Salt Shaker 

18 Update 

23 Books 

24 Letter to the Editor 

February 1983 

George W. Solomon 

PRESIDENT Ronald Reagan has desig- 
nated 1983 as the "Year of the Bible." 
The President took this bold step to give rec- 
ognition to the important role the Bible has 
played in the life of our nation. 

Certainly there is abundant evidence that 
the Bible has played an influential part in 
both the birth and the life of our great coun- 
try. The Constitution of the United States re- 
flects this influence. Our money carries the 
motto "In God We Trust." The Pledge of Al- 
legiance to the flag of our nation includes the 
words "one nation under God." Our President 
when taking the oath of office places his 
hand on the Bible. And for years it has been 
the custom in our courts for a witness to 
place his or her hand on the Bible when tak- 
ing the pledge "to tell the truth, the whole 
truth, and nothing but the truth, so help me 

Rev. Solomon is pastor of the Milledgeville, III., 
First Brethren Church. This is an edited version of 
a sermon he preached on Sunday, January 2, 1983. 

I know that as a nation 
we have drifted far away 
from using the Bible to reg- 
ulate our moral behavior, to 
interpret old laws, and to 
establish new ones. And it 
is certainly true that for 
Christians every year 
should be a "Year of the 
Bible." Nevertheless, I 
think it is good and right 
that the Bible is being given 
this recognition in 1983. 

Many may think that 
President Reagan's action 
has little or no significance. 
But a group of athiests 
thought it significant 
enough to try to get the fed- 
eral courts to prevent the 
President from designating 
1983 as the "Year of the 
Bible." If some athiests con- 
sider the President's action 
important enough to fight it 
in the courts of our land, shouldn't Chris- 
tians consider it important enough to 
applaud it in the churches of our land? 

Not only has 1983 been designated the 
"Year of the Bible," but 1983 is also the 
100th anniversary year of The Brethren 
Church. And while the Bible has played a 
significant role in the life of our nation, it 
has played an even more significant role in 
the life of our church. 

The Brethren Church is the outgrowth of a 
movement that began 275 years ago in 1708 
in Germany under the influence of the Holy 
Spirit and the leadership of Alexander Mack. 
The Bible was used as the source for estab- 
lishing the doctrines of that movement. 
When Mack felt led by the Holy Spirit to 
break with the state church of his day, he 
searched the Scriptures diligently to deter- 
mine what doctrines were taught and prac- 
ticed by the New Testament church. He then 
sought to found a new church that observed 
those doctrines. 

The Bible was then used to settle differ- 

The Brethren Evangelist 


'For Brethren people, 1983 should he not only a year in 
which we as a church celebrate our centennial, but also a 
year in which we affirm our President's resolution and 
reaffirm our own biblical heritage and our continuing 
commitment to God's word." 

ences among the members of that new 
church. When such differences occurred, the 
members would sit down together and 
prayerfully seek a solution in the Bible. 

The Bible was also used when the new 
church was faced with decisions. Whether in 
the midst of persecution in the Old World or 
in a new and different environment in the 
New World, these early Brethren used the 
Bible as their sole source of authority for all 
matters of faith and practice. 

In the last quarter of the nineteenth cen- 
tury strong differences of opinion about 
church order and practice arose in this move- 
ment. As a result, a three-way division took 
place. Out of this division emerged the Pro- 
gressive Brethren in 1883. They advocated 
change in church government and greater 
emphasis on missions, Sunday schools, and 
Christian education. They also rejected cer- 
tain practices that stressed an outward show 
of religion, such as beards and plain clothes. 
This group became known as The Brethren 
Church, of which we are now a part. 

When the Progressive Brethren met in 
Dayton, Ohio, in 1883 to organize The Breth- 
ren Church, they continued in the tradition 
of Mack and his followers and took as their 
motto, "The Bible, the whole Bible and noth- 
ing but the Bible." 

Thirty-eight years later (in 1921) the Na- 
tional Ministerial Association of The Breth- 
ren Church reaffirmed this designation of 
the Bible as our sole source of authority in 
what is known as "The Message of the Breth- 
ren Ministry." This document states: "The 
ministry of the Brethren Church desires to 
bear testimony to the belief that God's su- 
preme revelation has been made through 
Jesus Christ, a complete and authentic rec- 
ord of which revelation is the New Testa- 
ment; and, to the belief that the Holy Scrip- 
ture of the Old and New Testaments, as orig- 
inally given, is the infallible record of the 
perfect, final and authoritative revelation of 
God's will, altogether sufficient in them- 
selves as a rule of faith and practice." 

At present a task force appointed by Gen- 
eral Conference is writing a "Centennial 

Statement of Faith" for The Brethren 
Church, to be presented and adopted at the 
1983 Conference. This statement will once 
again designate the Bible as our sole source 
of authority and will spell out in detail the 
biblical-based faith on which our church 
stands today. 

It may have been by the hand of God or it 
may have been simply coincidence, but I find 
it of great interest that the President of the 
United States has designated the year in 
which our Bible-believing church celebrates 
its 100th anniversary as the "Year of the 
Bible." For Brethren people, 1983 should be 
not only a year in which we as a church cele- 
brate our centennial, but also a year in 
which we affirm our President's resolution 
and reaffirm our own biblical heritage and 
our continuing commitment to God's word. 

It is surely correct to lift the Bible up 
above all other books, for it is unique. It is 
the most important book in all the world. 
The Apostle Paul affirmed this when he 
wrote to young Timothy and said, "The 
whole Bible was given to us by inspiration 
from God and is useful to teach us what is 
true and to make us realize what is wrong in 
our lives; it straightens us out and helps us 
do what is right. It is God's way of making us 
well prepared at every point, fully equipped 
to do good to everyone" (II Tim. 3:16-17, 
TLB). Another reason that the Bible must be 
considered as the greatest of all books is that 
it contains the Good News, which is the 
power of God unto salvation for all those who 

The Bible is absolutely trustworthy. Jesus 
said, "And though all heaven and earth shall 
pass away, yet my words remain forever 
true" (Lk. 21:33, TLB). 

The Bible is as unchanging as God Him- 
self. Not one jot or tittle, that is, not one dot 
on an i or cross on a t, shall change until all 
is fulfilled. And the Apostle Peter tells us 
that "the word of the Lord endureth for ever" 
(I Pet. 1:25). 

History has surely proven these claims to 
be true. As Albert Baird Cummings wrote: 

{continued on next page) 


February 1983 

'Let us resolve to grow in the grace and knowledge 
of our Lord Jesus Christ by participating in some 
type of Bible study program during the year." 

The empire of Caesar is gone; the legions of 
Rome are smouldering in the dust; the ava- 
lanches that Napoleon hurled upon Europe 
have melted away; the prince of the Pharaohs 
is fallen; the Pyramids they raised to be their 
tombs are sinking every day in the desert 
sands; Tyre is a rock for bleaching fisher- 
men's nets; Sidon has scarcely left a wreck be- 
hind; but the Word of God still survives. All 
things that threatened to extinguish it have 
only aided it; and it proves every day how 
transient is the noblest monument that men 
can build, how enduring is the least word that 
God has spoken. Tradition has dug for it a 
grave, intolerance has lighted for it many a 
fagot; many a Judas has betrayed it with a 
kiss; many a Peter has denied it with an oath! 
Many a Demas has forsaken it, but the Word 
of God still endures. 

The Bible should be read and studied every 
day by all who believe it. The study of God's 
word will help us to rightly divide the word 
of truth. The study of God's word will enable 
us to be always ready to give an answer to 
those who ask us about our faith. The study 
of God's word will assure our growth in the 
grace and knowledge of our Lord. 

The Bible is food for the soul. The prophet 
Jeremiah said, "Your words are what sustain 
me; they are food to my hungry soul" (15:16, 
TLB). And the Apostle Peter wrote, "As new- 
born babes, desire the sincere milk of the 
word, that ye may grow thereby" (I Pet. 2:2). 

The Bible is the sword of the Spirit that 
the Christian takes as a weapon against 
Satan. The psalmist said, "Thy word have I 
hid in mine heart, that I might not sin 
against thee" (119:11). And Jesus set us a 
perfect example in the use of this sword 
when He successfully repelled Satan's every 
attack in the wilderness by quoting Scripture. 

The Bible lights the way for us 
through this dark world. "Thy word is 
a lamp unto my feet, and a light upon 
my path" (Ps. 119:105). 

The Bible is life-giving! "But these 
[things] are written, that ye might be- 
lieve that Jesus is the Christ, the Son 
of God; and that believing ye might 
have life through his name" (Jn. 20:31). 
The Bible is the ground of our faith, 
the source of our hope, the assurance 
of our souls! 

I believe that if we, as a nation, 
would truly accept the Bible as divine 
wisdom and truth — if we would use 
biblical principles to establish and 
interpret the laws of our land and to 
guide all executive, judicial, and legis- 
lative decisions — it would make a great 
difference in our country. 

I believe that if we, as the church of the 
Lord Jesus Christ, would accept the Bible^-I 
mean really accept it as our final authority 
in all matters of faith and practice — and if 
we would get really serious about our God- 
given commission to proclaim the word of 
God throughout the earth, it would make a 
great difference in our world. 

I believe that if you and I, as individual 
Christians, would use the Bible in settling 
all our differences, in making all our deci- 
sions, in determining the course of every 
action we take this year, it would make a 
great difference in our lives. 

Yes, I believe that the Bible could make a 
great difference in our land, in our churches, 
in our world, and in our lives. "For the word 
of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper 
than any two-edged sword, piercing even to 
the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and 
of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner 
of the thoughts and intents of the heart" 
(Heb. 4:12). 

Let us resolve to read our Bibles every day 
in 1983. 

Let us resolve to grow in the grace and 
knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ by par- 
ticipating in some type of Bible study pro- 
gram during the year. 

Let us resolve to be faithful in proclaiming 
the truths of God's word throughout this 

Let us resolve to bear witness to our bibli- 
cally-based faith in every word, deed, and 
action in 1983. 

Let's truly seek to make 1983 the "Year of 
the Bible" in our lives! By doing so, we will 
affirm President Reagan's bold action! [f] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Finders of the Lost Ark? 

THE Ark of the Covenant has been found! 
That's the claim of an article by a Dr. 
Charles R. Taylor in a newsletter called 
Bible Prophecy News. Someone handed me a 
copy of the article back in March of last year. 

The article stated that the Ark was found 
in a sealed passageway of a concealed cave 
on Mount Pisgah, east of Jerusalem, thirty- 
five miles southeast of Ammon, Jordan. 

Jim Bollinger, a member of the expedition, 
said they used a pickaxe to break through a 
cement-like seal over the cave's entrance. It 
was then, after the breakthrough, that they 
breathlessly observed the long-lost artifact — 
"a gold covered chest 4 feet wide, 5 feet long, 
and 4 feet high, with two 9 foot tall wings of 
cherubim on either side of a mercy seat." 

Needless to say, the article sent chills up 
my spine. My pulse quickened. This was one 
of the greatest discoveries since the Dead Sea 
Scrolls were found. This would once and for 
all silence the critics who claim that the Ark 
is only a mythical object in the Old Testa- 
ment. This was more exciting than "Indiana 
Jones" in Raiders of the Lost Arkl 

But as my initial excitement subsided and 
blood again brought oxygen to my brain, I 
thought: "If this is true, why isn't it front- 
page news in the Chicago Tribune? Why do I 
have to read about it in some obscure news- 
letter from southern California?" 

I was now rational enough to sit at my 
typewriter and write letters asking for verifi- 
cation of this alleged discovery. I also began 
to ponder the history of the Ark. 

The Ark of the Covenant dates back to the 
time of Moses. In Exodus 25 God ordered its 
construction. It was built of acacia wood. The 
box was 45 inches long, 27 inches wide, and 
27 inches deep, and was covered inside and 
out with gold. The lid was adorned with two- 
winged cherubim of hammered gold, facing 
each other with outspread wings. The area 
between the two figures was known as the 
"mercy seat." 

The Ark contained the tablets of stone (the 
Ten Commandments), a jar of manna (the 

mysterious food that God provided the Israel- 
ites in the wilderness), and Aaron's rod 
which budded, blossomed, and yielded al- 
monds (see Num. 17:8; Heb. 9:4). 

During their wilderness wanderings, the 
Israelites carried the Ark of the Covenant 
with them. After they entered Canaan, they 
eventually placed the Ark at Shiloh. Shortly 
before the reign of Saul, the Philistines cap- 
tured the Ark, but they soon returned it in 
order to escape the calamity it brought them. 

When David became king and established 
Jerusalem as his capital, he brought the Ark 
there. Then, when Solomon built the Temple, 
the Ark was placed in the Holy of Holies. 

We don't know what happened to the Ark 
when the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem 
and destroyed the Temple in 587 B.C. 
Perhaps it was also destroyed or carried off 
to Babylon, although one tradition says that 
Jeremiah hid it in a cave. 

I don't have space in which to interpret the 
symbolism of the Ark in detail. Suffice it to 
say that it symbolized God's presence among 
His people. Neither the Ark nor its contents 
contained any supernatural power. Rather, 
the power belonged to the God whose pres- 
ence the Ark represented. 

Even these reflections on the history and 
symbolism of the Ark did not completely dis- 
pel my excitement. I still wanted to shout, 
"They've found the Ark!" 

But in time, I got an answer to one of my 
letters. Here is an excerpt: I've attempted to 
find out whether there is any veracity to the 
article which you sent me regarding the Ark. 
. . . I tend to agree with you that this is not a 
legitimate find. If it had been, I am sure that 
Christian archaeologists would be the first to 
shout it from the housetops. This has not hap- 
pened so I am doubtful. 

The letter was signed by Billy Melvin, ex- 
ecutive director of the National Association 
of Evangelicals. 

I'm reminded of what Charles H. Spurgeon 
once said: "A lie travels around the world 
while truth is putting on her boots!" [t] 

February 1983 

A Valentine 
from God 

by Stephen Cole 

Dear Christian, 

I love you. I love you! 

Does it shock you that I would say those 
words? Does it seem just a little impossible 
that I, Almighty God, could love you? 

This morning when you woke up, you 
didn't feel especially loved. Why should any- 
one get up on a Sunday morning and go to 
church when he or she is physically, men- 
tally, and emotionally worn out? I've watched 
you struggle through toast, coffee, crabby 
kids, and snow and ice to get to church. Then 
they tell you to worship me joyfully. 

When you got up, you turned on the radio 
to check the weather and in just thirty sec- 
onds you heard of higher unemployment, 
huge budget deficits, several violent crimes, 
a bank in financial trouble, and the death of 
a friend. I understand why you wonder if life 
is really worth-while and if I really care. 

But I still say, "I love you." I love you 
when you hurt. I love you when you cry. I 
loved you when your mother died. I even love 
you when you wonder if I love you. 

Why do I love you? Let me tell you why. 

First, I love you because I am love. 
Everything I have ever done has been 
grounded in love. 

I gave you your first valentine millen- 
niums before you were born when, in the 
Garden of Eden, I created Adam and Eve 
with the ability to make choices. This means 
that you, too, can make your own decisions. I 
loved you way back then when I did that for 

I gave you additional valentines when I 
convinced Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, 

Rev. Cole is pastor of the Cerro Gordo, III., 
Brethren Church. This is an edited version of a 
sermon he preached February 14, 1982. 

Joshua, David, Solomon, Isaiah, Jeremiah, 
Ezekiel, Daniel, and even Malachi to follow 
me. I convinced them that they would lead 
the world to new paths and new understand- 
ings of my ways, and now you share their 

I also gave you a valentine when I spared 
the Israelites when they failed to follow me. I 
knew that eventually they would come back 
to me, and I kept on loving them, for I am 

What I am trying to get you to understand 
is that I cannot but love, for love is my first 
quality. Can you understand that? 

Secondly, I love you because I created 
you. You often looked at your body while 
you were growing up and wondered why 
anyone could even care about you. You also 
anguished over your personality and spent 
some nights in tears as you dealt with your 
humanity, your weaknesses, and your fail- 

But I love you because you are the way I 
made you. I don't make junk! I never have 
and I never will! 

Remember, because of my love you aren't a 
slave in a coal mine; or sick without the 
existence of doctors and hospitals; or unable 
to learn because there are no Sunday schools 
or public schools. I created you, and I love my 

The third reason I love you is because I 
know you can love me back. I don't expect 
that same total, complete love that I have. 
But I do expect you to honor me, listen to me, 
and trust me. After all, I will never do any- 
thing that will not be for your best. 

Many have tried to blame me for war, for 
the crash of a plane, and even for the death 
of a child. They ask, "How could a God of 
love stand by and allow these things to 


The Brethren Evangelist 

'Christian, this is the way I love you. I don't cause your problems. 
But when you get yourself into trouble, I am always ready, will- 
ing, and able to take you back and love you even more." 

happen? If He is God, He is responsible for 
whatever happens." 

How can I stand by and watch? With a lot 
of frustration and eternal anger, that's how! 
But maybe I can better answer this question 
with a story. A man had a son who wanted to 
live his own life without anyone telling him 
what to do. So he asked for and received from 
his dad his life savings and his share of his 
dad's IRA. The son left town and found a nice 
resort where he could enjoy life with the jet 

With high taxes and a poor exchange rate, 
his money was soon spent. Then, because of 
the depression and the high unemployment 
rate, he could not find a job. When his un- 
employment benefits ran out, the only job he 
could find was feeding garbage at a local hog 
lot. He was given permission to eat what the 
hogs passed over. 

His dad knew he was in trouble, for his 
proud, boasting letters had stopped coming. 
But his dad also knew that his son was exer- 
cising his freedom, his right to be "me." All 
he could do was agonize for his son and hope 
for his return. Finally, one day the son did 
come trudging home. When his dad saw him 
coming, he ran out to meet him, then quickly 
arranged a party. 

This dad had not caused the son's prob- 
lems. The son had gotten himself into 
trouble. But his dad loved him so much that 
he was willing to take the son back. 

Christian, this is the way I love you. I 
don't cause your problems. But when you get 
yourself into trouble, I am always ready, 
willing, and able to take you back and love 
you even more. 

Fourth, I love you because it has cost 
me to love you. Frankly, sometimes you 
make me angry because you hurt my son 
who came to earth as Jesus Christ. I even 
turned my back when they put him on the 
cross. I wept when he asked me to "let this 
cup pass from me, nevertheless, not my will 
but thine be done." 

I hope you realize that my son went 
through every human agony for you. He did 
it so that you might be free from the pollut- 
ing sin that gets in between us. His death for 
you was proof of my love. 

Fifth, I love you because I want you to 
know what love is like. It hurts me to hear 
you scream, "I hate you, I hate you!" It hurts 
me to see you decide that two men or two 
women loving each other is all right. It hurts 
me to see you kill innocent babies by abor- 
tion. It hurts me to see you decide that you 
no longer love someone when you said, 
"Until death us do part." It hurts me to see 
you put so much emphasis on sex that when 
you want to really love someone you have no 
way of even guessing what it means to love. 

I want you to love each other as I love you. 
Wouldn't that be a valentine? If you did that, 
you husbands and wives would hold hands in 
church, for loving me helps you to love one 
another more. You would resolve while lis- 
tening to the sermon to spend more time 
with your children. If you began loving me as 
I love you, your friends at work would won- 
der what had happened to you. They would 
know something was different even if you 
said nothing, because you would radiate love. 

I wanted this letter to come to you on Val- 
entine's Day because I want you to be my 
valentine. Will you? I want you to share your 
lonely, quiet moments with me. I want you to 
know that at anytime and anywhere you can 
talk to me without any fancy words. You can 
express the desires of your heart and tell me 
how much you love me. 

I want you to realize I am your greatest 
friend and that I will never fail you. I'll 
even talk back to you by means of my Holy 
Spirit. I won't speak by earthquakes, wind, 
or fire, but by a quiet word in the depths of 
your heart. It will be personal, loving, and 

I may hurt you at times, because best 
friends sometimes have to hurt one another 
in order to make each other better. I may tell 
you to confess a hidden sin; give a valentine 
to the old, grouchy neighbor down the street; 
dig deeper into your pocket for some money 
for a special need; or give some extra time to 
help the church. 

I love you. Christian. Will you be My val- 
entine? Will you love me back? Will you pray 
to me so that we can talk? Will you quit 
chasing after other pleasures? 

I love you, Christian. Do you love me? [t] 

February 1983 

A LADY in a home for the aged often 
greeted me with the words, "I've been 
thinking of you today. I had a feehng you 
would come." I'm sure that wasn't the only 
day she had felt that way. She had probably 
been looking forward to a visit for many 

But if a short visit can mean so much to a 
person — and it does to many — shouldn't it be 
worth some thought and preparation in order 
to make it a special experience? Just visiting 
a shut-in is worth something, but if we can 
say and do things that will enrich that per- 
son's life, let's do so. 

How do you listen? 

A good listener is rare. That's because lis- 
tening requires work. Good listening means 
getting away from our own thoughts and 
concerns and entering another person's 
world. If the person you're visiting asks, "Am 
I boring you?" you probably haven't made 
the transition. 

An interested listener gives another per- 
son the chance to express herself, to bring 
into focus thoughts that have been hazy and 
to revive ideas that have been dormant. Giv- 
ing a person with bottled-up emotions the 

Making Your 
Visits to 


chance to release them and to get a fresh 
start makes an enormous contribution to 
that person's well-being. 

After a visit with a shut-in in which you 
have done little talking but have been an in- 
terested listener, don't be surprised to hear 
the person say, "You don't know how much 
good your visit has done me." 

Part of the listening process is to reflect 
back to the person some of the feelings she 
has been expressing. After listening to a 
woman's complaints about the infrequency of 
her son's visits, one response might be, 
"You're upset because he seems too busy to 
get here more often." Mirroring back to a 
person some of the feelings she expresses is a 
way of helping her see more clearly and ob- 
jectively what has been confused and hidden. 

A good listener can go a step further. A 
passive listener may let the speaker move 
aimlessly over many items. Sometimes, how- 
ever, the person who is speaking needs to ex- 
plore his thoughts and feelings more deeply. 
A question by the listener such as "Why do 
you feel that way?" or "What do you mean?" 

Mr. Scofield is associate editor of Decision 
magazine. He lives in Coon Rapids, Minn. 

by Willard A. Scofield 


The Brethren Evangelist 

will often help a person express his feelings 
more completely. 

There are times when you should share 
your thoughts and experiences in the conver- 
sation. But give your shut-in friend the op- 
portunity to open himself to another human 
being. He may not have had that chance in 
weeks or months. 

Move into their world 

The considerate caller spends time think- 
ing about what to say during the visit. What 
things would interest the shut-in friend? One 
elderly gentleman, when asked about his 
travels, glowed with satisfaction as he de- 
scribed trips to Watkins Glen and the Dela- 
ware River Water Gap in Pennsylvania. 
Sharing a similar experience makes a con- 
versation stimulating. 

Those who have been active in church 
work are often eager to hear news about 
friends and acquaintances with whom they 
have worked. Gather up some of the latest 
news of the church and community for your 
next shut-in visit. 

Make the conversation positive. Major on 
the good things that have happened, not the 
bad. We would do well at this point to re- 
member Paul's words, "Finally, brethren, 
whatever is true, whatever is honorable, 
whatever is just, whatever is pure, whatever 
is lovely, whatever is gracious, if there is any 
excellence, if there is anything worthy of 
praise, think about these things" (Phil. 4:8, 

Chances are your shut-in friend may want 
to remember back to a period when she was 
in her prime. The Twenties or the Depression 
era may have been before your time, but if 
your friend wants to think back to those 
eras, go with her. Let her relive her best 

As you begin your visit, think about the 
position that will be most comfortable for 
your friend. Be seated in a way that will 
make eye contact easy for him. If another 
person shares the room, perhaps you and 
your friend can arrange to have your visit 
in a lounge, where the conversation can be 

Make each visit a surprise 

The routine of life in a home for the aged, 
a nursing home, or even a private home can 
be dull for the shut-in. It's quite different 
from a hospital, where the frequently short 
but intensive treatment gives a person little 
opportunity to be bored. But for shut-ins, 

something new and different — some little 
break in the routine — is a welcome change of 

Flowers, candy, or cookies are some of the 
things most often brought to shut-ins. But 
other items, because of their newness and 
freshness, may bring even more satisfaction. 
The shut-in who loves to read may delight in 
a carefully selected book. Some imported 
item, an interesting picture, even something 
which you can only lend until you come 
again, will brighten a shut-in's life. 

When our son was a baby, I took him sev- 
eral times to visit an elderly lady. Few 
things delight an elderly person more than 
watching a child play. I took a book of pic- 
tures of our baby to another shut-in lady; she 
was delighted. 

Another refreshing experience is taking 
the shut-in for a drive. For a man whom I 
visited in a sanatorium, it was a happy break 
in his routine when we went for a drive 
through the surrounding countryside, stop- 
ping at a diner for pie and coffee. One elderly 
lady looked forward to driving a few miles to 
get a frozen custard. Such excursions must 
be made, of course, with the permission of 
the institution. 

Make the close of the visit special. A hug, 
a kiss, an arm around the shoulder are warm 
ways of saying goodbye. Say something posi- 
tive and encouraging as you le^ve. 

These suggestions call for a bit of thought 
and preparation. But the usefulness of any 
meeting depends on the preparation we 
make. If we were planning a visit to a high 
official, we would make elaborate prepara- 
tions. Our visits to shut-ins should be 
planned, too, for they are a service to our 
Lord Himself, who once said, ". . . . as you did 
it to one of the least of these my brethren, 
you did it to me" (Matt. 25:40). [t] 

Have you ever visited a shut-in? If not, or 
if you tiave only done so on rare occasions, 
perhaps this article will encourage you to 
begin making such visits. 

If you live near one of our Brethren retire- 
ment homes (see pages 14-17), you might 
want to visit a resident there. But if not, there 
are surely shut-ins who are members of your 
church who would appreciate a visit. And 
nearly every area has a rest home with resi- 
dents who would like someone to spend 
time with them. 

By putting into practice the suggestions in 
this article, you can bring added joy to some 
shut-in's life. 


February 1983 


Benevolent Care 

What is a 
Superannuated Minister? 

by Doris Shultz and Ronald W. Waters 

BECAUSE the term "superannuated" is 
not a part of our everyday vocabulary in 
1983, our minds conjure up different images 
when we hear about the Superannuated 
Ministers' Fund. 

For example, take this simple test: 
A "superannuated minister" is (choose one 

(1) A pastor with extraordinary strength or 
ability uncommon to others (a "bionic 
man of the cloth"); 

(2) A pastor who makes a large annual 

(3) A pastor constantly on the go, one who 
can accomplish more in one year than 
most can in two; 

(4) None of the above. 

If you said "(4)" you answered correctly. So 
what is a "superannuated minister"? 

To be superannuated means to be "retired 
from service, especially on a pension, because 
of old age or infirmity." 

In the late 1800's, the Sister's Society of 
Christian Endeavor (forerunner of the pres- 
ent Woman's Missionary Society) assumed 
responsibility for aid "for aged and needy 
ministers" in the absence of a formal retire- 
ment program. By 1912 this task had become 
too large for the Society, so they petitioned 
the General Conference to assume responsi- 
bility for maintaining the Superannuated 
Ministers' Fund. Conference that year 
created a new Board of Benevolences. (Later 
this board was merged with the Brethren's 
Home Board to form the present Benevolent 

In 1951 Conference adopted a plan for a 
formal retirement program for pastors and 
other church workers. Pastors and their 

Mrs. Shultz of Ashland, Ohio, is a member of the 
Benevolent Board. Mr. Waters is director of denomi- 
national business for The Brethren Church. 

wives who were in the later years of their 
ministry or who were already retired, how- 
ever, were to continue receiving retirement 
support through the Superannuated Minis- 
ters' Fund. 

The fund continues to be administered by 
the Benevolent Board and is supported 
through the offerings to that board. One 
retired pastor and three pastors' widows 
receive a monthly benefit. Though this bene- 
fit is small by today's standards, it does 
provide some support for those who have 
served The Brethren Church faithfully for so 
many years. 

Who are some of the recipients? 

D.C. White joined the Berlin Brethren 
Church in 1905 and was called to the minis- 
try by that congregation in 1931. (He did not 
allow himself to 
be ordained 
until 1933 be- 
cause, he says, 
"I wanted to 
prove myself.") 

His first pas- 
torates were the 
Valley (Jones 
Mills) and Mt. 
Pleasant Breth- 
ren Churches 
in Pennsylvania. 
His beginning 
salary was $40 
per month. 

Other churches he served (some on a part- 
time or supply basis) included St. James, 
Milledgeville, Cumberland, Waynesboro, 
Calvary, Sergeantsville, and Berlin. He also 
spent four years in city mission work in 
Philadelphia — two years in street work in 
the slums and two years preaching on ships 
docked at the port. 

Rev. D.C. White 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Brother White is still active in the Berlin 
Brethren Church where he teaches the Gold- 
en Age Class of about 40 members. He's look- 
ing forward to celebrating his 99th birthday 
on July 22. 

Edna (Mrs. J.G.) Dodds is living in 
Rockford, Illinois, with her daughter. She 
served with her husband for 58 years of 

ministry in 
The Brethren 
Church. During 
those years they 
served churches 
in Preston, Ne- 
braska; Teresita, 
Missouri; Mexi- 
co, Corinth, and 
Muncie, Indiana; 
and Smith ville, 
Ohio. They also 
started new con- 
gregations in 
Mrs. Edna Dodds j^]^^^^ ^^^ M^g. 

sillon, Ohio. Both of their sons, Gilbert and 
Myron, were ordained ministers in The 
Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Dodds is in good health, though she 
has been blind for several years. She notes 
that she "reads" her Bible daily through rec- 
ords. She also notes that three grandsons are 
now preparing for the ministry. 

Gladys (Mrs. S.M.) Whetstone lives in 
Brethren Village at Flora, Indiana. She 
and her husband pastored the churches 
at Teegarden, 
Tiosa, Roann 
(twice), Nap- 
panee, Goshen, 
Loree, and Oak- 
ville, Indiana; 
Waterloo, Iowa; 
Berlin, Pennsyl- 
vania, and Day- 
ton, Ohio. After 
Rev. Whet- 
stone's death, 
Mrs. Whetstone 
served as a dor- 
mitory house- Mrs. Gladys Whetstone 

mother at Ashland College before retiring to 

Mrs. Whetstone says, "I seem to be busy 
most of the time" at the Brethren's Home 

and Village. She plays piano for the weekly 
worship service and is involved in the Com- 
fort Club, the weekly Bible study, and the 
monthly birthday parties. 

She speaks glowingly about the develop- 
ments of Flora, including the new Livingston 
Room. Those who know her also speak glow- 
ingly of her ministry at Flora. 

Helen M. (Mrs. Willis) Ronk resides in 
Goshen, Indiana. She and her husband 
served the Roann and Goshen, Indiana; 
Salem, West Alexandria, and Ashland (Park 
Street), Ohio; Meyersdale, Pennsylvania; and 
Waterloo, Iowa, congregations. Rev. Ronk 
was also dean of the seminary, taught at 
Ashland College, and was president of the 
Brethren Publishing Company when the Col- 
lege Avenue facilities were built. 

Mrs. Ronk notes, "Serving this many 
churches during these years, we made many 
wonderful friends. I attended the Confer- 
ences for many years and I do miss seeing 
my friends." She also says she devotes time 
now to knitting, sewing, reading, and house- 

All four recipients express their apprecia- 
tion for the support they receive from The 
Brethren Church through the Benevolent 
Board. [t] 

The Benevolent Board: 

Sending those who have faithfully served! 

February is the month for emphasizing the 
ministry of the Benevolent Board. The Board 
consists of 10 members. In addition to regu- 
lar meetings throughout the year, the board 
tries to meet at least annually with the 
boards of each of the retirement/nursing 
care centers for an update on their minis- 

The Benevolent Board supports the fol- 
lowing ministries with contributions received 
from Brethren churches: (1) the Superan- 
nuated Ministers' Fund; (2) the Brethren's 
Home in Flora, Indiana, and Brethren Care 
of Ashland, Ohio (one-half of offerings from 
Indiana and Ohio districts go to their respec- 
tive homes); and (3) Buckeye Apartments in 
Ashland (rent/maintenance subsidy). 

The board thanks you for your support this 
month and throughout the year. 

February 1983 


Benevolent Care 

Twelve Months of Progress 
at Brethren Care 

THE twelve days of Christinas had its 
1982 counterpart in twelve months of 
progress at Brethren Care in Ashland, Ohio. 
Some of the more noteworthy improvements 
and changes will be mentioned in this re- 

The new addition to our facility was com- 
pleted last spring and now provides needed 
dining space, a private room for chapel serv- 
ices and meetings, a separate activities- 
recreation room and storage, expanded 
kitchen storage space, and an employee 
break room. 

The Benevolent Board greatly assisted in 
the new construction by loaning us $65,000, 
payable at seven percent interest in monthly 
installments. The final cost of the addition 
was $97,927.67, which did not include fur- 
nishings. However, due entirely to the 
generosity of residents, friends, board mem- 
bers, and staff, we have received numerous 
items that greatly enhance the use and decor 
of the new rooms: a large conference table, 
attractive scenic murals, wall clocks, and pic- 

In addition, our laundry work area was 

Exterior view of the new addition at Brethren Care 

nearly doubled by careful rearranging and 
by a great deal of remodeling. This was done 
by our own maintenance department, saving 
us a great many dollars. An added washer 
and dryer were installed, with increased vol- 
ume and linen flow benefits to our total care 
delivery. The Brethren Youth contributed 
$3,500 toward the purchase of a trash com- 
pactor, a big improvement to our sanitation 

The new construction also included a large 
outdoor patio, which provided an ample area 
for our Fourth of July family picnic. 

Our sign at the main entrance was re- 
placed in October, and a smaller "exit" sign 
with our name on it was placed at the other 
driveway on Center Street. A walk-in freezer 
and refrigerator were added in the much- 
needed expansion in the kitchen, improving 
food preparation efficiency. 

Our twelve months of growth and develop- 
ment have truly been a blessing to our im- 
portant mission. Yet, many needs continue to 
face us, and we are realizing the importance 
of making them known to all of our loyal 
supporters and contributors. Updated phys- 
ical therapy equipment, such 
as a tub-whirlpool with porta- 
lift, is just one such need. 
Added funds for activities 
would enable us to expand this 
program by providing a wider 
range of supplies. Additional 
volunteers in direct resident 
services is under discussion, 
but we first need more of those 
caring people ,who can give 
three to five hours per week. 
We also have need for land- 
scape improvement and park- 
ing expansion, new lounge 
chairs, and storage cabinets. 
Large ceiling fans for working 
areas are also needed. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

The list of needs could become quite long if 
we added items that are not as crucial as 
those already mentioned. In addition, there 
are certain projects that would come under 
"preferred plans and equipment" that would 
enable us to upgrade and improve the qual- 
ity of care. Since some of these items could be 
construed as "extras," they are difficult to in- 
corporate in our operational budget because 
we function so very close to actual daily 
costs. That results in our not having any 
surplus funds with which to purchase such 
items. Yet, part of our mission is to discover 
measures we can take to continually improve 
resident comfort and environmental quality. 
On July 1, Ken Seege began his adminis- 
trator-in-training program toward licensure. 
He has served as an assistant 
to Lenny Seaman, who has re- 
tirement plans for some time 
this year. Ken is his planned 

The following is a list of 
people who have contributed a ^'Ctvi ^v^ 
wide variety of gifts to Breth- 
ren Care, mostly in cash dona- 
tions toward equipment and 
interior decoration. 

Miss T. Baer 

Mrs. A. Becknell 

Benevolent Board 

Mr. & Mrs. Benshoff 

Mrs. J. Brelsford 

Mrs. S. Budd 

Miss D. Carpenter 
Also in memory of 
Mr. & Mrs. A.G. Carpenter 

(continued next column) 



Ken Seege is Brethren Care's administrator-in-training. 


Brethren Care residents can now enjoy their meals in a new dining 
room, part of the recent addition to the facility. 

The new activities room provides a place for Brethren Care 
residents to pursue various crafts. 

February 1983 

Civil Welfare League of 

Mr. & Mrs. C. Denlinger 
Mrs. M. Fritzinger 
Dr. P. Kellogg 
Rev. & Mrs. J.R. Klingen- 

Dr. L.E. Lindower 
Mr. & Mrs. Martin and 

B.O. Delphian Society 
In memory of A. Martin 
Mrs. M. Ringle 
Mr. L. Seaman 
Mr. K. Seege 
Dr. J. Thomason 
Mr. & Mrs. E. Whitted 
The grand total of all gifts in 
1982 amounted to approxi- 
mately $12,000.00. [t] 


Benevolent Care 

The Brethren's Home: 

Sixty Years of Caring 

THE Brethren's Home in Flora, Indiana, is 
celebrating 60 years of service to The 
Brethren Church and the Flora community 
in 1983. The facilities have grown from a 20- 
bed nursing home and orphanage in 1923 to 
an 86-bed health-care facility with 22 inde- 
pendent living apartments today. The tradi- 
tion of caring has been an ongoing reality be- 
cause of a dedicated staff and the continual 
support of the members of The Brethren 

In the last ten years, health care has been 
one of the fastest growing service industries 
in the United States. Along with this growth 
have come change and government regula- 
tion, both of which can be an asset as well as 
a liability to the person needing care. 

The small, family retirement home and the 
not-for-profit health-care facility are fast fad- 
ing from the American scene. This is due to 
the fast-moving changes in technology and to 
added government regulations, which at- 
tempt to protect the health-care consumer. 
But all the most up-to-date equipment, the 
newest health-care methods, and the best-in- 
tended government regulations can't replace 
old-fashioned "care." 

Equipment and medication manufacturers 
all try to guarantee better care if you use 
their products. Likewise government has 
been attempting, unsuccessfully, to legislate 
perfect care. And consumer groups have 
sought regulations, routine inspections, and 
enforceable standards for quality health 
care. But modern health-care facilities, bet- 
ter equipment, new regulations, and better 
standards do not have the ability to care. 
Only people can care! 

The health-care industry is fast realizing 
that the key to better care is not government 
regulations, better equipment and records, or 
profit motivation. The key is the attitude and 
training of the people who provide the care. 

But caring individuals must have time to 
provide loving care to people, not to paper. 

Unfortunately, government takes the at- 
titude that care given must be care recorded. 
Hence their motto, "If it isn't documented, it 
isn't done." When government inspectors 
come, they look at paperwork — at paper com- 
pliance in the formulation of care policies 
and standards, with all care requiring 
documentation. They inspect residents' 
charts for physicians' orders, medication ad- 
ministration, diet serving and acceptance. 
Everything must be properly dated and let- 
ter perfect. They also look at buildings, fur- 
nishings, and equipment to make sure that 
they protect the residents' safety and meet 
their every need. Then, just before leaving, 
they will spend some time looking at the 
residents and perhaps ask them how they 
feel about the care they are receiving. 

Our Brethren ministry in health care must 
be directed to the total needs of individuals. 
The Brethren's Home tradition of caring 
should be continued and expanded to meet 
our residents' social and psycho-social needs 
as well as their physical and spiritual re- 
quirements. In order to accomplish this, car- 
ing relationships must be strengthened be- 
tween the residents and the staff, families, 
and volunteers who minister to them. 

The Brethren's Home is committed to the 
ministry of caring for the aged and the in- 
firm. But it takes people like you to care! 
You can care through volunteer work in your 
local health-care facility or by becoming part 
of a church group that visits a nursing home 
to present programs. You can also care by 
supporting the Brethren's Home through 
your prayers and finances, as you are 

Good health care seems to cost a lot of 
money. But good caring just costs you your 
time. [t] 


The Brethren Evangelist 

The Livingston Room— 

Alive witii People and Well-Equipped 

THE new multi-purpose 
chapel, dining, and ac- 
tivities room at the Breth- 
ren's Home has been com- 
pleted and is alive with activ- 
ity. The 38- by 55-foot annex 
increases dining capacity to 
120 and seats approximately 
200 for worship services or 
assembly programs. 

The room was named the 
Livingston Room in honor of 
the late Rev. William L. 
Livingston, who served as ad- 
ministrator of the Brethren's 
Home during the major part 
of the 1960's. 

The new addition is com- 
pletely paid for. This was 
made possible by various do- 
nations and estate gifts from 
members and auxiliaries of 
The Brethren Church. The 
residents of Brethren Village 

The Livingston Room, which seats approximately 200 for worship 
services, is often alive with people. 

and the health care unit also 
worked hard making and 
selling comforts to pay for 

The well-equipped dining area 
dining capacity to 120. 

in the Livingston Room increases 

the two stained-glass windows 
that grace the chapel accent 
wall. In addition, private do- 
nations made possible the 
purchase of many new tables 
and chairs, a movie screen, 
sound system/lectern, and ex- 
terior landscaping. 

The dedication service for 
the Livingston Room is 
scheduled for Sunday, Feb- 
ruary 6, at 2:30 p.m. Those 
who are unable to attend this 
opening event are encour- 
aged to come and visit at 
another time, especially since 
the Home now has this large 
room in which to welcome 
you. Your continuing support 
has made this dream of many 
years a reality, and we want 
to share it with you. 

— Gene Geaslen 

February 1983 



news from the Brethren Church 

Rev. James Sluss honored by Warsaw Rotary 
and Dutchtown Brethren Church 

Warsaw, Ind. — Rev. James Sluss, 
former pastor of the Dutchtown 
Brethren Church, received double 
honor in December. He was given 
recognition by both the Warsaw 
Rotary Club and the Dutchtown 
Brethren Church. 

On December 17, the Warsaw 
Rotary Club honored Pastor Sluss 
by presenting him the Paul Harris 
Fellow Award. Paul Harris was 
the founder of Rotary, and the 
Paul Harris Fellow program is a 
function of the Rotary Foundation. 
This foundation funds many of the 
projects of Rotary International, 
such as student exchange pro- 
grams and health and education 
programs around the world. Rotar- 
ians like Jim Sluss are sometimes 
honored when their friends or 
their club create a Paul Harris 
Fellowship in their name. 

Pastor Sluss was a member of 
the Warsaw Rotary Club for more 
than six years. He was a loyal and 
hard-working member, serving for 
several administrations as treas- 

The Dutchtown Brethren con- 
gregation honored Rev. Sluss and 
his family on Sunday, December 
19, with a farewell dinner and sur- 
prise program. Approximately 250 
people attended. The program was 
based on the "This Is Your Life" 
theme, and included a number of 
speakers and also special music. 

Speakers included pastors Ken 
Hunn, Alvin Shifflett, Lester 
Young, St. Clair Benshoff, and 
George Snyder, and Dutchtown 
members Peter Gross, Sr., Ada 
Gross, Al Engelberth, Arden 
Rhoades, Brent Randall, and Gary 
Mast. Also making comments 
were Dr. Lyle Roose, the family's 
physician; Carol Nunez, a teacher 
at the Warsaw Christian School 
which the Sluss children attended; 


Chaplain Lee 

Jenkins of 

Grace College; 

and Rev. Louis 



music was 


by Randy 

and Toni 

Hartman and 

Mike Beaver — 

"The Rainbow 


Toni Hartman 

also read a 

poem written 

for the 

occasion by 

Kathryn Reiff. 

Jean Miller 

presented a 

^xmsmssmemiy- ■ 

Rev. James Sluss (left) accepts the Paul Harris Fellow 
Award from Don Rich, chairman of the Warsaw Rotary 
Club awards committee. photo by Jack Emslie 

photo-memory book to the Slusses 
from the congregation. The church 
also gave Rev. Sluss a love gift for 
travel expenses. 

The following day Rev. Sluss, 
his wife, Lois, and their two chil- 
dren, Paul and Gayle, left Dutch- 
town for Lathrop, Calif, where 
Rev. Sluss has become pastor of 
the Lathrop Brethren Church. 

Rev. Sluss served the Dutch- 
town congregation for nearly eight 
years. During those years, attend- 

ance nearly doubled at worship 
services, and in 1979-80 the con- 
gregation built a new sanctuary 
seating approximately 300 per- 
sons. According to Mrs. Charles 
McDaniel, a member of the Dutch- 
town congregation, "The Dutch- 
town Church felt a great loss when 
the Slusses felt God leading them 
to pastor the Lathrop, California, 
Church, but we pray God's rich 
blessings on their work in that 


T~| T 

The Sluss family (foreground) during the farewell service at the Dutchtown 
Brethren Church. Photos furnished by Norm Hagg, editor, Warsaw Times Union. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Harold Haenes honored for 40-year ministry 
tiirougt) tlie "Wayside Puipit" 

South Bend, Ind. — There are 
many ways of being a witness for 
Christ. One of the less obvious 
ones has been practiced for the 
last 40 years by Harold Haenes, a 
member of the South Bend First 
Brethren Church. 

Though not a preacher, Mr. 
Haenes bears his witness from the 
"Wayside Pulpit." But he preaches 
not by the spoken word, but 
through hand-lettered messages. 

His "Wayside Pulpit" is, in fact, 
the outdoor bulletin board of 
the South Bend First Brethren 
Church. And nearly every day 
during the past 40 years, Mr. 
Haenes' hand-lettered signs on 
this bulletin board have pro- 
claimed a message of love, faith, 
goodness, family relationship, love 
of work, or vision of heaven. Many 
have looked forward to these 
weekly signs as a source of 
strength for living. 

During his forty years of prepar- 
ing these messages, Mr. Haenes 
has seen two "Wayside Pulpits" 
pass away. The original was felled 

by a storm and the second 
by a driver who missed a 
curve and landed in the 
middle of the weekly mes- 
sage! In both cases the 
bulletin board was quickly 
rebuilt by the church trus- 
tees, and Mr. Haenes con- 
tinued his ministry. 

A sign painter by trade, 
Mr. Haenes has also let- 
tered signs for 14 churches 
in and around South Bend 
and two station wagons 
that went to Africa. These 
were all done practically 
free. He also used to paint 
the sign announcing Gen- 
eral Conference during the 
days when Conference was 
held in the Ashland Col- 
lege chapel. 

Last October, on its annual 
Homecoming Sunday, the South 
Bend First Brethren Church rec- 
ognized Mr. Haenes for his 40 
years of ministry through the 
"Wayside Pulpit." As a part of that 
recognition, each person in attend- 

Brethren World Relief dollars at work 
providing domestic disaster aid 

St. Petersburg, Fla. — Shortly 
after Hurricane Iwa struck Hawaii 
on November 23, R. Jan Thompson 
and ten trained Church of the 
Brethren child care volunteers 
from southern California were on 
location there for eight days 
ministering to children, parents, 
and disaster workers. Children in 
these centers totaled 785. 

After the flooding and tornados 
in Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas 
in early December, a major disas- 
ter project was established in Fen- 
ton, Missouri (southwest of St. 
Louis). Two disaster coordinators 
from Michigan and southern Ohio 
were among the first on the scene 
to assist in cleaning up and in lay- 
ing groundwork for long-term re- 
pair. The mud pump from south- 

ern Ohio's disaster trailer proved 
to be very helpful. Roma Jo 
Thompson and trained Church of 
the Brethren child care workers 
from Oklahoma, Iowa, Illinois, In- 
diana, and Michigan established 
two child care centers. 

Brethren World Relief assists 
financially with these emergency 
programs. Many Brethren may 
recall that Jan and Roma Jo 
Thompson led disaster relief work- 
shops at General Conference last 

If you feel called to assist when 
such emergencies arise, notify 
your pastor or contact Phil Lersch 
(6301 56th Avenue, N., St. 
Petersburg, FL 33709, phone 813- 

Pastor Larry Baker (right) presents 
Mr. Haenes a plaque and pen-holder in 
recognition of his 40 years of ministry 
through the "Wayside Pulpit." 

ance was given a recently printed 
book containing sayings Mr. 
Haenes had used during the 40 

In commenting on his special 
ministry, Mr. Haenes said, "I 
thank my wonderful Jesus for the 
talent He has given me to hand- 
letter the signs for the 'Wayside 
Pulpit' during the past 40 years. 
Just knowing people read them 
pays for all my effort. 

"If I can save one soul from hell, 
all my efforts are paid for. I would 
rather save one soul from hell 
than have a monument of solid 
gold reaching from my grave to 
the high heavens." 

Mr. Haenes is 89 years old. He 
and his late wife, Eva, were the 
parents of five children. Mr. 
Haenes also has nine grandchil- 
dren and 15 great grandchildren. 

The following are taken from 
Mr. Haenes' book of sayings: 

Folks who constantly soak them- 
selves in the vinegar of fault- 
finding end up with pickled per- 

Happiness is catching; we get it 
from one another. 

God will mend a broken heart if 
you give Him all the pieces. 




February 1983 



High priest's garments used as visual aid 
in messages by Aivin Sfiifflett 

Nappanee, Ind. — Rev. Alvin 
Shifflett, pastor of the First Breth- 
ren Church of Nappanee, recently 
completed a series of sermons on 
the typology of the Tabernacle and 
its furnishings. When he came to 
the section on the high priest and 
his garments, Pastor Shifflett made 
a particularly dramatic presenta- 
tion, thanks to the help of several 
members of his congregation. For 
he not only described the high 
priest's apparel, he wore garments 
like those worn by the priest. 

The garments were made by 
Sandy Mathews and Dorothy 
Arch, who used the instructions in 
Exodus 28 as their guide. The 
priest's breastplate was made by 
Brad Newcomer, a local jeweler. 
Mr. Newcomer also engraved the 
names of the twelve sons of Israel 
on the priest's shoulder-pieces. 

The high priest's garments in- 
cluded three different pieces. Each 
of these had its own particular 
symbolism, according to Pastor 

The first of these was the white 
undergarment. This white robe 
represented righteousness. 

Over this undergarment the 
high priest wore a blue robe. This 
symbolized God's grace, which 
'Comes down from heaven. 

Golden bells were attached to 
the bottom hem of this robe, repre- 
senting the sound of the good news 
of the gospel and also the harmony 
that should exist among God's 
people. The bells also told those 
outside the Tabernacle of the 
movements of the priest as he 
ministered in the Holy Place. 

Between the bells cloth pome- 
granates were placed. These repre- 
sented fruitfulness and also kept 
the bells from striking together. 

The priest's third garment was 
the ephod or outer vestment, 
which was worn over the blue 
robe. It was made of blue, purple, 
and scarlet material, representing 
grace, royalty, and sacrifice. The 
original ephod (but not the one 


Rev. Shifflett models the high 
priest's garments and breastplate 
made by Sandy Mathews, Dorothy 
Arch, and Brad Newcomer. 

worn by Pastor Shifflett) had 
finely twined gold woven into it. 
The gold represented deity. 

In addition to these three gar- 
ments, the priest also wore a 
breastplate into which were set 12 
precious gems, representing the 
twelve tribes of Israel. In the 
breastplate that Pastor Shifflett 
wore, these stones were set in by 
Mr. Newcomer. 

Behind the breastplate was a 
pocket which contained the mys- 
terious Urim and Thummim. On 

the basis of his study. Pastor 
Shifflett interpreted the Urim and 
Thummim as a black and a white 
stone, used in determining the will 
of God. The black stone repre- 
sented the negative, and the white 
represented the positive. 

The high priest also wore a tur- 
ban or bonnet. Around this turban 
was a miter (a band of gold) on 
which were engraved the words 
"Holiness to the Lord." 

Flora Church dedicates 
new sanctuary Bibles 

Flora, Ind. — The Flora First 
Brethren Church dedicated 50 new 
Bibles during the morning wor- 
ship service on Sunday, January 9. 

Thirty-eight of the Bibles were a 
gift to the church in memory of the 
late Russell R. Flora, a former 
deacon in the congregation. They 
were presented by Mr. Flora's fam- 
ily. The remaining twelve Bibles 
were given by the former Win-A- 
Couple Sunday school class of the 

The new Bibles, which were 

placed in the pew racks in the 

sanctuary, replace old Bibles that 

were given by the BYC in 1971. 

— reported by June Musselman 

Lynn Mercer appointed 
to Bd. of Christian Ed. 

Ashland, Ohio — The Board of 
Christian Education has an- 
nounced that Rev. Lynn Mercer, 
associate pastor of the New Leba- 
non, Ohio, Brethren Church, has 
accepted appointment to the C.E. 
Board. Rev. Mercer brings to the 
board a background of involve- 
ment in youth and Christian edu- 
cation and a firm commitment to 
building up the National BYC. 

He fills the unexpired term 
created by the resignation of 
Deloris Woods, from the Ardmore 
Brethren Church. Mrs. Woods 
cited expanding local commit- 
ments in her letter of resignation. ; 


The Brethren Evangelist 


WMS planning second annual quilting bee 
for 1983 General Conference 

Union Bridge, Md. — The Na- 
tional Woman's Missionary Soci- 
ety has announced plans for its 
second annual quilting bee, to be 
beld at the 1983 General Confer- 
ence. Procedures will be much the 
same as last year. 

Because of the many beautiful 
squares with pictures of churches 
)n them that were submitted last 
y^ear, one of the 1983 quilts will be 
[nade up entirely of church 
squares. They don't necessarily 
lave to look like your own church 
3uilding, however. 

The other quilt will have a vari- 
ety of themes. You may use your 
)wn imagination — a pretty quilt- 

ing pattern, a religious theme, or 
some reminder of our heritage. 
(Don't forget, this is the Centen- 
nial year for the Progressive 
Some quilt square requirements: 

1. There is no limit to the number 
of squares any church may sub- 

2. The square does not have to be 
made by a WMS group. Your 
church does not even have to 
have a WMS group. Any Breth- 
ren can make a square. 

3. Use white muslin or broadcloth 
for the background. Embroider 
(no liquid embroidery) or appli- 
que the design on the fabric. 

1983 Summer Crusader Program 
being developed by the BCE 

\shland, Ohio — The Board of 
Christian Education is in the proc- 
ess of developing the 1983 Sum- 
mer Crusader program, according 
;o an announcement from the BCE 
jfTice in Ashland. 

During December and January 
ipplications were received from 
y^oung Brethren men and women 
interested in spending the summer 
serving The Brethren Church. 
^Jearly 50 applications were re- 

The staff of the Board of Chris- 
tian Education and special supple- 
mental staff for the Summer 
Crusader program are now en- 
gaged in the difficult task of 
evaluating each of these appli- 
cants and his or her potential 
role in the Crusader program, 
rhe BCE hopes to send out 30 
Crusaders this summer, an in- 
crease of five over 1982. 

To facilitate this expanded pro- 
gram, the Board of Christian Edu- 
cation will conduct a fund-raising 
campaign in February and March. 
A. budget of $31,000 has been 
approved by the board to support 
the 1983 Crusader program. The 
biggest part of that budget goes 

February 1983 ■-" 

toward service scholarships for the 
Crusaders themselves, which, in 
most cases, they use to help pay 
for their education. 

In addition to its financial cam- 
paign, the Board of Christian Edu- 
cation will be enlisting Prayer 
Warriors again in 1983. Individu- 
als who volunteer to be Prayer 
Warriors commit themselves to 
continuing intercessory prayer on 
behalf of specific Crusaders and 
the Crusader program in general. 
Churches will be supplied with 
sign-up forms for Prayer Warriors 
in March. 

Another important part of the 
planning for the Crusader pro- 
gram involves scheduling. In late 
January pastors received a letter 
and a request form from the Board 
of Christian Education. When 
these request forms have been re- 
turned, scheduling will begin. 
Wherever possible, the Board of 
Christian Education fills requests 
exactly as made. Frequently, how- 
ever, some negotiation between 
the board and the local church is 
necessary in order to satisfy the 
needs of all the churches who re- 
quest Crusaders. - • 

Embroider your church's name 
on the square. 

4. Remember that applique tends 
to be more visible on the 
finished quilt. 

5. Don't use more than three 
layers of fabric in any one area. 
It gets too thick to quilt. If nec- 
essary, cut away some of the 
underneath layers. 

6. Begin with a square that is a 
little large. Sometimes em- 
broidering or appliqueing 
causes the fabric to "pull up." 

7. Finished squares should be 
exactly 8V'2 inches square (with 
90° angles). They will be sewn 
into the quilt with V4 inch 
seams, so there should be that 
much space around the design. 
(The fabric itself should be 8V2 
inches square, the design in the 
middle should not exceed 8 
inches square.) 

8. Don't use "iron-on" products. 

9. Finished squares should be 
sent by June 15 to Ellen 
Clough, 571 McKinstry's Mill 
Road, Union Bridge, MD 

10. Come to Conference in August 
and quilt! 

If you would like to design and/ 
or make a large square for the cen- 
ter of a quilt (reflecting the Con- 
ference theme), contact Ellen 
Clough as soon as possible, 

A half million Bibles 
needed in Uganda 

New York, N.Y.— The people of 
Uganda are crying out for Bibles 
in record numbers, according to 
the American Bible Society. They 
need a half million Bibles, but 
only a trickle is finding its way 
into the country, and local printers 
can't meet the demand. 

The demand for Bibles is rooted 
in a deep spiritual hunger brought 
on by a decade of intense suffer- 
ing. The American and United 
Bible Societies are seeking to meet 
this hunger for God's word. 





i' * 





Julia Lynn Brown to Gene Steven Downer, De- 
cember 31, at the Ardmore First Brethren Church; 
Brian H. Moore, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of 
the Ardmore First Brethren Church. 
Cathy Phillips to Mark Britton, December 31, at 
Park Street Brethren Church; James Miller, associate 
pastor, and Dr. Donald Rinehart, officiating. Bride a 
member of the Park Street Brethren Church, and 
groom a member of the Derby Brethren Church. 

Carol Porte to Louis Groner, December 25, at the 
South Bend First Brethren Church; Larry R. Baker, 
pastor, officiating. Bride a former member of the 
South Bend First Brethren Church. 

Cheryl Grumbling to John Black, December 18, at 
Park Street Brethren Church; Arden Gilmer, pastor, 
and Rev. James Black, father of the groom, officiating. 
Members of the Park Street Brethren Church. 

Dorothy Brown to Glenn Mears, October 16, at the 
Canton Trinity Brethren Church; Kenneth Sullivan, 
pastor, officiating. Bride a member of the Canton 
Trinity Brethren Church. 

Dorothy Virginia Ritenour to Raymond Francis 
Williams, September 25, at the Maurertown Brethren 
Church; Rev. James Naff, officiating. Bride a member 
of the Maurertown Brethren Church. 

There's going to be an 


and Craft Sale 

Saturday, August 13, 1983 
at General Conference 

Donated items will be sold 

to support specially-designated 

Brethren Church projects. 

Begin thinking now of items 

you or your group might make 

and/or donate. 

And watch for more details! 


Carl and Ruth Felder, 56th, January 30. Members 
of the South Bend First Brethren Church. 
Virgil and Ethel DeMike, 60th, January 16th. Mem- 
bers of the South Bend First Brethren Church. 

Mervin and Gladys Hinsch, 60th, January 16th. 
Members of the South Bend First Brethren Church. 
Mr. and Mrs. J. Gordon Harman, 50th, January 1. 
Members of the Mt. Olive Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Harry W. Kohne, 60th, December 27. 
Members of the Maurertown Brethren Church. 

In Memory 

Etta V. Emerick, 86, December 12. Member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. Services by 
Rev. Woodrow Immel, pastor. 

Clara L. Lowman, 75, December 15. Member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. Services by 
Woodrow Immel, pastor. 

Eric H. Colditz, 84, December 8. Member for 47 years 
of the Ardmore First Brethren Church. Services by 
Brian Moore, pastor. 

Richard D. Bourdon, 62, December 7. Member and 
deacon of the Ardmore First Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Brian Moore, pastor. 

Telford C. Hamer, 76, December 6. Member of the 
Waterloo First Brethren Church. Services by Ronald 
L. Waters, pastor. 

Raymond L. Wilson, 76, December 4. Member of the 
Waterloo First Brethren Church. Services by Ronald 
L. Waters, pastor. 

Joe N. Everitt, 74, November 22. Member of the 
Goshen First Brethren Church and formerly of the 
South Bend First Brethren Church. He served as care- 
taker and manager of the hotel at the Brethren Re- 
treat Center, Shipshewana, Indiana, for many years. 
Services by Spencer Gentle, pastor of the Goshen First 
Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Ardmore: 3 by baptism, 2 by transfer 
Carmel: 2 by baptism, 5 by transfer 

Goshen: 9 by baptism 

Sarasota: 6 by baptism, 6 by transfer 

Warsaw: 4 by baptism 

Religious protests against the nuclear arms buildup 
were seen as the most significant religious develop- 
ment of 1982, according to a poll by the Religion 
Newswriters Association. 

Israel's invasion of Lebanon, followed by Jewish 
moral anguish over atrocities by Lebanese Christian 
troops in Beirut, was chosen as the No. 2 religious 

— source Evangelical Press News Service 


The Brethren Evangelist i , 


Evangelism Without Anxiety 

The Master's Plan for Making Disciples by Win 

and Charles Am (Church Growth Press, 1982, 176 pp., 
$6.95 paperback). 

Nearly every church struggles to mobilize its mem- 
bers for effective evangelism. Yet a congregation is 
not really a church in the New Testament sense un- 
less its ministry results in new converts. Dr. Peter 
Wagner has discovered that one of the vital signs of a 
healthy church is "a well-mobilized laity which has 
discovered, has developed and is using all the spiritual 
gifts for growth." 

Unfortunately, many programs designed to equip 
people for evangelism have only convinced them that 
evangelism is not for them. This book by the Ams 
(father and son) should help dispel that false idea. 

The Master's Plan, an entry into the growing litera- 
ture on friendship, relational, or lifestyle evangelism, 
is not a program but a process in which every Chris- 
tian can be meaningfully involved. "The Master's Plan 
is a unique merging of New Testament principles and 
modem church growth insights, designed to help you 
and your church more effectively respond to Christ's 
Great Commission where he has placed you. 

"The Master's Plan is a strategy of disciple-making 
to help lay church members identify and reach the 
people in their web, or oikos, for Christ and the 
Church. It is a process that works within natural 
characteristics of human behavior and relationships, 
and relates the unique needs of friends and relatives 
to Christ's work in their lives. The Master's Plan is a 
fulfilling, satisfying lifestyle for all church members. 
It is not an exercise in sweaty palms, stomach but- 
terflies, or high degrees of anxiety, but it is one of the 
most enjoyable experiences a Christian will have in 
his/her lifetime" (p. 57). 

The New Testament term oikos forms the concep- 
tional foundation of The Master's Plan. An oikos (the 
Greek word for household) is composed of the people in 
a person's sphere of influence through "webs" of re- 
lationships. These relationships form bridges over 
which the gospel message may travel and create paths 
most people (75-90%) will follow in becoming Chris- 
tians. Common kinship (a person's larger family), 
common friendship (friends and neighbors), and com- 
mon association (special interests, work relationships, 
and recreation) define one's oikos. 

By identifying their oikos and realizing the evan- 
gelistic potential therein. Christians dramatically 
sharpen their evangelistic focus. Each new convert 
also has an oikos. It probably includes many non- 
Christians. The local church should both encourage 
and equip new converts to bring Christ to people 
already in their social web. This gives new converts a 
high evangelistic potential. 

February 1983 

The Master's Plan will also help your church iden- 
tify its "potential congregation." This will probably be 
a new concept for most Brethren churches, but it is a 
concept filled with exciting potential. 

This book has many strengths. It is biblical, insight- 
ful, research-based, practical, workable, and local 
church oriented. By using this plan, many more Chris- 
tians can develop a disciple-making lifestyle. And new 
converts can be more easily incorporated into the 
church because they already know people within the 
congregation. The caring relationships that give birth 
to new disciples also make them feel a part of the local 
family of God. 

I highly recommend The Master's Plan to all the 
Brethren. An "Action Kit" to introduce and apply 
these concepts in a local church is available from 
Church Growth, 150 S. Los Robes # 600, Pasadena, 
CA 91101. 

— Arden E. Gilmer 

Rev. Gilmer is senior pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of Ashland, Ohio (Park Street). 

Caribbean Cruise 

with Friends of the 
Ashland Theological Seminary 

February 28 - March 4, 1983 

Why not consider 
joining Brethren from 
across the denomi- 
nation in an exciting 
and relaxing vaca- 
tion in the Bahama 
Islands? The cruise 
will sail aboard The Emerald Seas, one of the 
finest cruise ships afloat, from the Port of Miami 
visiting the islands of Nasau and Freeport. 

Dr. Richard Dobbins, Director of Emerge Minis- 
tries, will be the special guest speaker with lectures 
on "Good Mental Health — Your Spiritual Birthright." 

The cruise is sponsored by the Foundation of 
Friends for Ashland Theological Seminary. A part 
of the cabin fare will be returned 
for Seminary Scholarships. 

Costs for the cruise range from 
$550 to $625. For more informa- 
tion contact ACTOURS, Box 362, 
Melbourne, FL 32901 , or call Dave 
Ruston, Cruise Director (305) 254- 






Letter to the Editor 

Correcting "A Waste of Good Martyr's Blood" 

Since the publication of my arti- 
cle, "A Waste of Good Martyr's 
Blood" [January 1983 Evangelist, 
pp. 6 & 7], I've received various re- 
views — some good, some bad. I am 
pleased mostly that good people 
are reading, and thinking. 

An error has been pointed out in 
my article, which I wish to correct. 
On page 7, first column, next to 
last paragraph I said: It appears to 
me that Mr. Schmucker and others 
who have refused to register could 
have opted to register as C.O.'s. 
Then the integrity of their nonvio- 
lent stance could have been shown 
by peaceful participation in alter- 
native service. 

Technically that paragraph is in 
error. I apologize for my shoddy 
journalism at this point. I should 
have done more homework on the 
piece. This prompted my contact- 
ing Congressman John Hiler of 
the Indiana Third District (U.S. 
House of Rep.), and the Selective 
Service Office in Indianapolis. 

The present law is unlike the 
old law in one vital point — that 
being, presently there is no draft. 
Only registration is required at 
this point in time. Hopefully a 
draft will never have to be 
enacted, but if it is, it has to be 
done by a vote of Congress. The 
present purpose of registration is 
to have the names and addresses 
of those who might be called in the 
event of a national emergency. 

Technically, one cannot pres- 
ently declare himself as a Consci- 
entious Objector, because there is 
no need. This is a registration, not 
a draft! Neither is there an alter- 
native service available, since men 
are not being inducted. The Selec- 
tive Service Office informs me that 
if a person writes on his registra- 
tion form that he is opposed to 
war, and that he is a C.O., then 
this information will not go into 
the computer. Only names and ad- 
dresses go into the file in a regis- 
tration. Likewise, as I understand 
it, without a draft even if you went 
into a church-oriented peacetime 

program, like Brethren Volunteer 
Service (BVS of the Church of the 
Brethren), it would not count, 
since there is no present draft. 

In the event of a national 
emergency which would require a 
draft, the law would require all 
those selected for induction to re- 
port for examination and induc- 
tion. Then, according to the Selec- 
tive Service Office, you have the 
following rights provided under 
the law: 

You may request a postpone- 
ment, deferment, or exemption 
under any of the following cir- 

1. If you are a student in college, 
you may finish the semester; if 
a senior, you may finish the 

2. If you are a high school stu- 
dent, you may stay in school 
until you graduate (up to age 

3. If your induction would create 
a hardship to your dependents, 
you may ask for a deferment. 

4. If you are a student studying 
for the ministry, you may re- 
quest a deferment. 

5. If you are a minister of reli- 
gion, you may request an 

6. If you have deeply held reli- 
gious, moral, or ethical beliefs 
against participation in war in 
any form, you could request 
status as a conscientious ob- 
jector. If found to be a conscien- 
tious objector and depending 
upon your specific beliefs, you 
will be required to serve either 
in a non-combatant position in 
the Armed Forces or in a civil- 
ian public service job (alterna- 
tive service). 

The Selective Service Board in- 
forms me that in the event of a 
draft, a person has ten days to 
make one of the above appeals. 

This makes me wonder now, 
more than ever, why a person 
would avoid registration and 
jeopardize his future? For without 
a draft it is not a moral question, 

but purely an academic one. I 
stand on my original premise that 
it's a "Waste of Grood Martyr's 
Blood." Even Joseph went to be 
registered (for taixes, as Israelites 
were exempted from military by 
Caesar). I feel the present law will 
provide for anyone who is con- 
scientiously opposed to war. In- 
deed, if the law didn't provide for 
it, I'd say we should work on that. 
However, the present law does 
provide for a man to declare him- 
self, if and when there is a draft. 
(God forbid there ever is one.) 

I hope this clears up matters. If I 
were to rewrite the paragraph in 
question, I'd say: It appears to me 
that Mr. Schmucker and others 
who've refused to obey the law 
could better show their integrity by 
registering, according to the law, 
and await an opportunity to ex- 
press their nonviolent posture in 
the event of a draft. 

To avoid registration is equal to 
saying, "I won't pay my taxes be- 
cause the government is a military 
machine!" But so was Rome, and 
Jesus paid taxes. 

— Alvin Shifflett 
Nappanee, Ind. 









































1 — ' 










1— t 

t— • 













Learning From Our Heritage 

by Dale R. Staffer 

Salvation: Repentance and Faith 

IN my first article on our Brethren understand- 
ing of the biblical doctrine of salvation, we saw 
that salvation is possible for us solely because of 
God's initiative. Salvation is rooted in Christ's 
sacrificial death for us on the cross. In addition, 
we experience Christ's saving work only when our 
minds and hearts are enlightened by hearing 
God's gracious Good News from Scripture and 
when we are convicted of our need for salvation by 
the Holy Spirit. God's initiative in our enlighten- 
ment is the prerequisite for conversion. 

The Brethren of the 1800's and early 1900's 
viewed conversion as a five-part process consist- 
ing of repentance, faith, baptism, the forgiveness 
of sins, and the gift of the Holy Spirit (based espe- 
cially on Acts 2:38). This formula provides an ex- 
cellent summary of our Brethren understanding 
of conversion. (Scripture also presents several 
other important truths that shed additional light 
on conversion: adoption, justification, regenera- 
tion.) In this article we will focus our attention on 
repentance and faith. 

God's initiative in enlightenment must be fol- 
lowed by human responses of repentance and faith 
if conversion is to occur. The Brethren throughout 
their history have placed special emphasis on re- 

Peter Nead, a leading Brethren writer of the 
1800's, noted three essential aspects of repent- 
ance: (1) heartfelt sorrow for and bitter hatred of 
sins committed against God; (2) confession of sin 
to God; (3) amendment or reformation of life. 
Nead, as well as other Brethren, underscored the 
fact that repentance must go beyond mere sorrow. 
It must lead to a desire to reform one's life accord- 
ing to the will of God. 

The call for repentance is one that was pro- 
claimed by Jesus, Peter, and Paul (see Matt. 4:17; 
Acts 2:38; 3:19; 20:21). To preach the need for re- 
pentance is to recognize that we are all at heart 
sinners who are rebellious against God and His 
purposes. We need a radical change in all of our 
beings — heart, soul, mind, and strength. 

Unfortunately, the call for repentance is left out 
of many presentations of the gospel. (Take a look 
at the "Four Spiritual Laws" and the "Roman 

Road" presentations.) This downplaying of the 
need for a radical transformation of our lives 
made it possible for Larry Flint to believe he 
could publish Christian pornography and a night- 
club performer to believe she could strip for Jesus. 
Any proclamation of the gospel that permits 
people to think that they can continue to live just 
as they did as non-Christians is a distortion of 
biblical conversion. 

Whereas repentance might be called the nega- 
tive side of conversion, faith may be called the 
positive side. We Brethren have emphasized that 
faith must include two crucial elements: knowl- 
edge and faithfulness (or obedience). 

We must have a basic knowledge of God and 
His gracious work in Christ to be saved (Rom. 
10:9; I Cor. 15:1-11). If we are to live the Chris- 
tian life, we must understand what it involves; we 
must be able to "count the cost." (It was for this 
reason that the Brethren of the 1700's and 1800's 
generally did not baptize youth before their teen- 
age years.) 

But one of the strongest emphases of the Breth- 
ren is that faith also involves faithfulness or 
obedience (Rom. 1:5; 16:26; Matt. 7:21-23). Breth- 
ren have maintained that a saving faith always 
manifests itself in works of obedience. As the 
"Message of the Brethren Ministry" (written in 
1921) states: "Justification [is] by personal faith | 
in the Lord Jesus Christ, of which obedience to ! 
the will of God and works of righteousness are the 
evidence and result . ..." A study of such pas- I 
sages as Ephesians 2:8-10, Titus 2:14, and James j 
2:14-26 reveals that an obedient , working faith is 
necessary, not optional, to a Christian's life. 

We are true to Scripture and our Brethren ! 
heritage when we preach and teach the radical ; 
nature of conversion. It involves a repentance that ; 
demands a turning away from a life dominated by 
sin and self to a life that seeks to follow the will of 
God. It involves a faith that knows about the cost I 
of discipleship to Christ and that lives in faithful 
obedience to God's will and word. Only by ex- 
periencing this kind of radical transformation can | 
we be the light of the world God intended us to be 
(Matt. 5:14-16). [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

I ^ The Brethren ^ • - 


Serving The Brethren Church 
throughout its one hundred years. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 


Alvin Shifflett 
Dale R. Stoffer 

Business Manager: 

Ronald W. Waters 
Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for The Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
100% church lists; $8.75 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.50 for individual sub- 
Single-copy price: 800 

Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
dress from back of magazine and send 
with new address. 

Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of The Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written re- 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
come. However, the publisher assumes 
no responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 

Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792. 
Member, Evangelical Press Association 


March is the month when 
nature begins its transition from 
winter into spring. During this 
month, northerners anxiously 
await every hint of spring — a 
few warm days, a robin in the 
yard, crocuses in the flower 
bed, or the first wildflower in 
the woods. 

Vol. 105, No. 3 

March 1983 

4 The Nuclear Weapons Resolution 
An Opposing View 

Don Snell states his reasons for opposing the nuclear 
weapons resolution that was brought before General Confer- 
ence last August. 

6 Looking Beyond the Raindrops 

William W. Brady tells how a family vacation was salvaged 
when his son helped him see beyond the rain. 


Time Running Out 

For Chuchi, time was running out, but God's word was now 
available in his language to give him assurance of eternal 
life — a true account related by Larry Clark. 

World Missions 

10 The Divine Compulsion 

God's love at work within us is a divine compulsion driving us 
to continue and intensify our witness in the world, says M. 
Virgil Ingraham. 

10 Last Year in Malaysia 

A report of various means that were used to reach people for 
Christ in Malaysia during the last year. 

12 With Chantal in Colombia 

Chantal Logan gives us a personal look at some of the de- 
velopments in the life of the church in Colombia. 

13 New Outreach in Medellin 

Robert Dillard reports on new attempts being made by mis- 
sionaries and nationals to reach every level of society in 


It Just So Happened 

A testimony on the processing of a visa for Allen Baer, shared 
by William Winter. 

I M>» t 


Keeping the Dead Sea Scrolls Alive 

Marlin Levin reports on the extraordinary means being taken 
to preserve the Dead Sea Scrolls. 

2 Learning From Our Heritage 

16 The Salt Shaker 

17 Update 



March 1983 

The Nuclear Weapons Resolution 

An Opposing View 

by Don Snell 

A RESOLUTION proposing that The Breth- 
ren Church urge the United States gov- 
ernment to stop all production and stock- 
piling of nuclear weapons came before Gen- 
eral Conference last August. The resolution 
was tabled so that the issue could be studied 
and reconsidered this year. 

I oppose this particular resolution, and in 
this article I will state why. 

Many strong arguments can be advanced 
both for and against nuclear weapons them- 
selves. I will not discuss any of these argu- 
ments in this article. My concern centers on 
whether or not we, The Brethren Church, 
should commit ourselves to this resolution. 

The following reasons were set forth in 
support of this resolution: (1) Jesus would 
not prescribe this means (nuclear weapons) 
for either settling international disputes or 
defending ourselves. (2) Nuclear weapons 
pose a genuine threat to life in general. (3) 
Because of the nuclear warheads already in 
existence, with their threat of destruction, 
any more weapons would make all nations 
less secure. (4) Monies given to such a mili- 
tary budget is disobedience to God, because it 
takes away from programs for the poor. It is 
these reasons that I would like to examine. 

We are a people of the Bible. If we say that 
God's word says something, we need to be 
able to support that statement. The resolu- 
tion says that Jesus would not prescribe nu- 
clear weapons. I cannot find an3rwhere in 
Jesus' teachings or anywhere else in the 
Scriptures where it says what the State is or 
is not to have in its arsenal. 

Rev. Snell is pastor of the Tiosa Brethren 
Church near Rochester, Ind., and a member of the 
General Conference Social Concerns Committee. 
His views on the proposed nuclear arms resolution 
are not necessarily those of other members of the 

I find passages that tell nations not to 
trust in their weapons. And I find passages 
that tell nations that they are responsible for 
the use of their weapons. But I don't find pas- 
sages that tell nations what weapons they i 
are or are not to have. We are on dangerous a 
ground whenever we read into the word what 
we think the Lord would say. 

Concerning the second reason given in i 
support of the resolution, I agree that nucle- 
ar weapons pose a genuine threat to life in 
general. I assume that the reasoning behind 
this statement relates to the tremendous 
amount of death and destruction brought j 
about by such weapons. Nevertheless, by at- j 
tacking the weapons, we divert our energies 

The Proposed Resolution 

We believe that the production and stockpiling 
of nuclear weapons cannot be endorsed by fol- 
lowers of Jesus Christ as the means He would 
prescribe for settling international disputes or de- 
fending ourselves, and 

We believe that nuclear weapons pose a 
genuine threat to the continuation of life on this 
planet which God has created and ordered 
people to care for, and 

We believe that because the superpowers ab I 
read y have stockpiled more than enoug h nuclear j 
warheads to destroy life on the earth, continuing i 
to produce weapons makes all nations less se- \ 
cure, and 

We believe that it is sinful to sustain our current 
extravagant military budget by diverting funds ; 
from programs for the poor and needy, causing ! 
disobedience to God's directive to care for them. I 

Therefore, be it resolved that this 94th General I 
Conference of the Brethren Church, meeting in 
Ashland, Ohio, August 9-13, 1982, urge Presi- 
dent Ronald Reagan, his administration, the Con- ] 
gress and the State Department to take the nee- ' 
essary steps to halt immediatel y the testing, pro- 
duction, and deployment of all nuclear warheads, 
missiles, and delivery systems. 

The Brethren Evangelist f 


to the wrong enemy. The great enemy of 
mankind is death, not weapons. If we spend 
our time mounting protest campaigns 
against a worldly weapon, we lose our focus 
on the ministry of reconciliation that God 
has given us to carry out. When man is rec- 
onciled to God, the enemy — death — is de- 

Concerning the third reason, if we lose our 
focus we will begin to mix our pronouns. We 
will see ourselves as Christians who are 
called to be the champions of the causes and 
solutions of this world's kingdoms. By doing 
this we play into the hands of Satan, who 
loves to see us confused in the eyes of every- 
one as to where our allegiance really lies. We 
become neutralized and powerless. 

Therefore, we must be clear in our state- 
ments that the security we offer is not de- 
pendent on any weapon or circumstance of 
this world, but on the solid foundation of 
faith in Jesus Christ. It is not a question of 
whether all nations are more or less secure. 
They are all insecure because they are in re- 
bellion against God. Therefore, they fear the 
loss of their power and the penalty of death 
that is God's righteous judgment on them. 
We must declare to them the gospel as their 
only means of security. Ridding the world of 
one weapon gives a false sense of security. 

Finally, concerning the fourth reason, we 
are faced with two dangers. 

First of all, governments of the world are 
more than willing to be given the load of 
cleaning up the chaotic conditions that op- 
press their people. This is because govern- 
ments operate from a humanistic philosophy 
that declares that they are the "masters of 
their own destiny." Therefore, they will not 
only ignore our pleas to control their 
weapons, but they will gladly take control of 

What's Your Opinion? 

The Social Concerns Committee of General 
Conference wants to know the thinking of the 
Brethren on the proposed nuclear weapons reso- 
lution. Therefore it asks each congregation to 
study the proposed resolution (on the opposite 
page), formulate its own opinion, and then write a 
conclusion to the following statement that reflects 
that opinion. 

Therefore, be it resolved that this 95th General 
Conference of The Brethren Church, meeting in 
Ashland, Ohio, August 8-14, 1983, urge .... 

Send your completed statement to Rev. Paul 
Steiner (committee chairman), Box 327, Union 
Bridge, MD 21791 . The Social Concerns Commit- 
tee will then use this input as the basis of its rec- 
ommendation to General Conference in August. 

all our welfare. This is the danger of 
idolatry, and brings the oppression of govern- 
ments upon us. 

Isaiah 58:6, 7 says: 
Is this not the fast which I choose . . . ? 
Is it not to divide your bread with the hungry, 
And bring the homeless poor into the house; 
When you see the naked to cover him; 
And not to hide yourself from your own 

flesh? (NASB). 

In this passage God is speaking to His 
people, who have His Law and the truth. 
We know the truth about the sinful situa- 
tions around us, and it is we whom God calls 
to responsible acts of love and of caring for 
the plight of those around us. 

Secondly, because we have a ministry of 
reconciliation, love, justice, and compassion, 
God in His wisdom did not give us the power 
of the sword. He gave this power to the State. 

The State is responsible for its use of the 
sword. We must always remind it of this. But 
we must also recognize that the State with 
its sword (whatever it may be) is never in 
control of the destiny of the human race 
(Prov. 16:9). God is! 

If we, whether directly or indirectly by 
means of pressure, seek to take control of the 
sword, we step out of our bounds. We step 
into Peter's shoes, who tried to control the 
sword and the situation in the Garden of 
Gethsemane. And we will receive a like re- 
buke from our Lord (Matt. 26:51-53). If we 
choose to wrestle the sword from the State, 
surely it will come crashing back upon us. 

I believe that this resolution entangles our 
faith with the issue of weapons. I believe 
that if we are to have a resolution concerning 
"the sword," then we must speak clearly to 
the nations about the enemy that can only be 
defeated in the victory of Jesus Christ, won 
in His death and resurrection. [t] 

An Alternate Resolution 

In the light of my discussion above of the nucle- 
ar weapons resolution, I would like to propose 
that the 95th General Conference of The Brethren 
Church adopt the following substitute resolution. 

We, the people of The Brethren Church, and a 
part of the larger body of those who follow Jesus 
Christ and acknowledge Him alone as Lord and 
Savior, would like to express our appreciation to 
the governments of the United States, Mexico, 
Argentina, Colombia, Malaysia, and India for the 
freedom they have granted us to worship our Lord 
and to carry out the proclamation of His Good 
News to all people. 

We also wish to bring to your attention that we 

(continued on page 7) 






March 1983 

Looking Beyond the Raindrops 

by William W. Brady 

IT was happening again. I could just feel it. 
It seemed that everywhere we stopped on 
this vacation, it rained. We had lost our pic- 
tures of the Liberty Bell in Philadelphia, and 
undoubtedly they were lying in a puddle in 
the historic district of that city. Our tent was 
huddled in a soaking heap on top of our car, 
having been drenched in a Connecticut 
campsite off Long Island Sound. Our soggy 
bread and waterlogged peanut butter re- 
minded us of the damp picnic we hurried 
through at the roadside rest in Vermont. It 
seemed that everywhere we stopped on this 
vacation, the clouds gathered and welcomed 
us with everything from drizzle to downpour. 

Now, my wife Lynne, my sons Billy and 
Bryan, and I were on our way to Niagara 
Falls. After a day and a half of travel with 
nothing but sunshine, our hopes had soared 
in the belief that we would see the much- 
acclaimed falls in the beauty of sunlight. 

But it was happening once more. The sign 
we had just passed said, "Niagara Falls, 25 
miles." And the storm clouds had begun to 
gather again. As we made our approach to 
Buffalo, New York, the drops began to pelt 
the car. With each drop, I became more de- 
pressed. The clouds not only darkened the 
skies, but my mood as well. 

My family, sensing my mood, became un- 
usually quiet. The sounds of singing and 
laughter were stilled, and only the swishing 
of windshield wipers punctured the silence. 
Occasionally I would mumble a complaint 
about our bad luck on this vacation, or how 
crummy the weather was and how our time 
together had been ruined. The only response 
seemed to be an increase in the tempo of the 
raindrops smashing against the windshield. I 
reached down and turned the wipers on high 
while my spirits drooped to a new low. I was 
miserable and angry, and my negative at- 
titude had permeated the whole family. I was 
acting as if my griping would bring the rain 

Rev. Brady is pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of North Liberty, Indiana. 


to an end and a return of the sunshine. But 
the swishing before my eyes informed me 
that my mood had absolutely no effect on the 

Reaching our destination, we found a park- 
ing spot about a mile from the falls and, sure 
enough, the rain continued. We emerged 
from the car, stretching cramped muscles 
that had become sore from the long ride 
across New York, sighing with relief despite 
the damp weather. Billy and Bryan ran off 
into the park that bordered the Niagara 
River, half to stretch their legs, half to avoid 
a grouchy dad. A quick growl from me had 
them scurrying back toward the car and the 
partial haven afforded by the umbrella. The 
screams and laughter that had accompanied 
them on their run into the park were re- 
placed by silence. 

Our trek toward the falls began with the 
four of us crowded under the over- worked um- 
brella. With this captive audience, I continued 
to complain. I griped about the weather, our 
parking place, our bad luck. I grumbled about 
everything. The rain continued. 

Families walked past, laughing as they 
headed toward the falls. Several teens re- 
turned from the falls drenched, but their 
attitudes weren't dampened at all. Some 
others were playing Frisbee in the park, not 
seeming to care whether it was raining or 
not. When we reached the tourist center, it 
was obvious that the rain was not bothering 
many of the other sightseers. But it sure was 
bothering me. And to let everyone know, I 
increased my complaining. No one seemed to 

After what seemed an interminable walk, 
we arrived at the falls. I went over to the 
spot where the river rushes over the edge, 
crashes down the side, and strikes the bot- 
tom with a thunderous roar and a rising 
mist. The sight was breath-taking, but it had 
little effect on me. I just scowled, allowing 
my negative attitude to cover my mind and 
outlook like a blanket, spoiling my vision of 
one of God's most beautiful creations. Instead 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Bryan, Lynne, and Billy Brady at New York City 
on one of the few dry days during their vacation. 

of enjoying the sights like the tourists 
around me, I stood, hands stuffed into my 
pockets, and miserable. 

As I turned to leave, I caught sight of my 
four-year-old son Bryan, standing at some 
distance from the observation point. His eyes 
were as wide as saucers as he took in the 
power of the falls for the first time. His face 
was etched with fear at the sound of the 
mighty rushing waters. He was completely 
oblivious to the rain. His attention was to- 
tally devoted to the magnificent falls. 

For a few moments I watched my son. His 
expression never changed. I don't even think 
he blinked his eyes as he stared at the falls. I 
walked over and scooped him up in my arms. 
"Look, Daddy," he mumbled as he pointed to 
the rushing water. We walked over to the 
railing, watching together the tumbling 
river, listening together to the roar of the 
falls. "Wow, man!" was all Bryan could utter. 

Why couldn't I be like that? Here I was, 
complaining about the weather, letting the 
rain spoil my vacation, while Bryan couldn't 
care less about the rain. I looked at the 
clouds, while Bryan looked at the falls. I felt 
the raindrops, while Bryan felt the mist of 
the crashing river. I heard my own voice 
griping and complaining, while my son heard 
the rushing sounds of God's mighty creation. 
While I was grumbling, Bryan was uttering 
his own special praise to the Lord: "Wow, 
man!" I had let my own self-imposed nega- 
tive attitude obliterate my view of the glory 
and majesty of Niagara Falls. 

God in His infinite way has given us 
countless wonders every day. He has given 
us the wonder of family, friends, loved ones, 
a free nation as our home, and the opportu- 
nity to know Him in a personal way. Daily 
we are surrounded with these wonders. Yet 
we often languish in self-inflicted negative 
feelings that deaden us to God's wonders and 
rob us of life's joy. God has provided us with 

the wonders of His earth, the majesty of His 
heavens, and the love of His people. It is time 
that we take off our dark glasses of 
negativism and set aside our self-imposed 
misery and enjoy the scenery with wide-open 
childlike eyes. It will make our trip through 
life much more enjoyable. 

After looking around the gift shop for 
awhile, we walked back to the car in a much 
happier frame of mind and in a much damper 
state of body. We had our picnic with our 
soggy bread and juicy peanut butter. The 
boys romped through the park, tossing rocks 
into the onrushing river as the rain con- 
tinued to fall. They didn't care, and neither 
did I. 

We packed our belongings into the back of 
the station wagon, piled our soaked bodies 
into the front, and headed for home. No 
sooner had we begun rolling westward than 
the rain stopped. The clouds rolled away and 
the sun returned to brighten our drive. An 
ironic twist of fate? No, it is just a matter of 
perspective. Besides, the Bible is right: "... a 
little child shall lead them" (Isa. 11:6). [t] 

An Alternate Resolution 

{continued from page 5) 
are well aware of the increasing disobedience 
and disrespect that man shows to God, and the 
animosity, resentment, hate, bitterness, and 
cruelty that this disobedience creates among the 
peoples of this earth. We see this by people's in- 
security in maintaining even their present condi- 
tion of living. We observe that in reaction to this 
insecurity, both nations and individuals are arm- 
ing themselves with weapons or philosophies that 
would destroy any and all who would oppose 

We are also aware that it is God who has given 
you the power of the "sword" to maintain calm in 
the face of the rebellion that is created by these 

Therefore, be it resolved that this 95th General 
Conference of The Brethren Church, meeting in 
Ashland, Ohio, August 8-14, 1983, is informing 
you that although we support you in your right to 
carry out your law by "the sword," we neither 
need your weapons nor fear their presence as we 
carry out the work God has set before us. 

We wish to remind you, since it is by the will of 
God that you are in authority over us, that it is to 
Him that you are responsible for the use of the 
power He has granted you. We call on you, there- 
fore, to acknowledge the authority of God over 
you and all men, and to seek the wisdom of His 
Holy Word, the Bible, in governing and dispensing 
justice among us who live in these lands with you. 
As for us, we will preach and live the gospel of 
our Lord, which is the only source of eternal 
peace and security. 




March 1983 

SURE, I'll fix your clock. Sit down and I'll 
work on it right now." 

Kent Wistrand pulled out a chair for the 
93-year-old Mixtec man and watched as the 
time-worn hands lifted the clock out of the 
bag. He wondered just how many times he'd 
repaired timepieces for old man Chuchi. 

"Not working right, huh?" 

Chuchi tapped his cane on the cement floor 
and shook his head. "No, always something 
wrong with it. They don't make clocks like 
they used to." 

Kent smiled. Raised in Texas, he had ex- 
changed the wide-open flatlands of his early 
life for a dry mountainous area 156 miles 
southeast of Mexico City. He hadn't come to 
Chuchi's town of Xayacatlan to fix clocks. He 
and his wife, Mary Lou, had lived since 1962 
among Mixtec-speaking people as Bible 
translators, and recently the New Testament 
had come off the press and entered Mixtec 
hearts and lives. Though he hadn't come to 
repair clocks, Kent welcomed these schedule- 
stoppers as opportunities to share God's love 
with many who came to his door. 

"All clocks are the same, Chuchi. Let me 
pull out my tools." Kent spoke with a 
twinkle in his eye. His tools consisted of a 
can of oil, a pocketknife, and some rags. 

"Suppose we listen to a recording while I 
fix this. Okay?" 

When the Mixtec man nodded his assent, 
Kent put on a Scripture recording in 
Chuchi's own tongue. Knowing the old man 
was hard of hearing, he turned the sound on 

Mr. Clark is a member of Wycliffe Bible Trans- 
lators and is on the staff of the editorial depart- 
ment at Wycliffe headquarters in Huntington 
Beach, California. 




by Larry Clark 

full blast. While the story of Christ's death 
and resurrection thundered in the room, he 
opened up the clock and started oiling its 

As the lubricant spread into the inner 
workings, Kent thought about the man who 
sat in his room. For centuries the outside 
world had by-passed Chuchi's ancestors, 
until 1951 when a young Bible translator, 
Muriel Perkins, began living in Xayacatlan. 
Chuchi, then 65 years old, came to teach 
Muriel his language. 

He often mulled over the Spanish Scrip- 
tures. But even when Muriel left for transla- 
tion work in South America, she never knew 
if he understood all God had done for him. 
Through the years she prayed for him, ask- 
ing God to open his understanding. 

A learned man, Chuchi once taught school 
and later became town mail agent. Kent and 
Mary Lou met him when they went for mail. 
Though they often conversed with him, they 
were never certain of his relationship with 
his Maker. He would talk stoically of God, 
but always clamped down on his emotions, 
never making it clear whether he trusted in 

Now nearly a century old, he slumped in 
Kent's front room. His shoulders were 
stooped and his hearing poor, but the story of 
Christ's triumph over death worked through 
the ear-gate and into his spirit. Kent 
finished applying the oil, wiped off the ex- 
cess, then adjusted the timing. He noticed 
the old man still sitting in rapt attention. 

"Tell me, Chuchi, what did you think of 
that story?" 

The old man lifted his head and exclaimed, 
"Why, that's what I believe!" 

"Did you understand it all?" 

The Brethren Evangelist 

The question triggered a flow of tears from 
the old man. "Aye, Kent," he said. "My past 
life has been full of badness. God let me grow 
old — but not because I deserve it. His grace 
has kept me alive to this hour. I know Christ 
shed His blood for our sins. But I don't know 
what God will do with me when I die." 

The Book held the answer. And there it 
was lying within arm's reach on the army cot 
which served as a couch. Kent grabbed it and 
thanked God he could now open the newly- 
printed Testament to John 5:24 and let 
Christ's words stir the old man's heart: He 
who trusts in God . . . has crossed over from 
death to life. 

"Chuchi," he said, "you've heard His word 
and trusted in Him. Now God says you won't 
see judgment. He assures us of an eternal 
home with Him." 

Little by little the truth sank into Chuchi's 
heart. Each bit of truth gained over the years 
now came together and formed a complete 
picture. God's love included him. He said. 

"Now I understand. I really belong to God!" 
Later, Kent gave the old man his clock, 
cleaned and oiled, ready to keep time until 
dust and bugs slowed it down again. Then he 
helped Chuchi out the door. His eyes dim 
with age, the old man poked along with his 
cane and tottered away. 

Kent thanked God that he 
could now open the recently 
printed New Testament to 
John 5:24 and let Christ's 
words stir the old man's 

As Kent watched him go, praise welled up 
in his heart. The Lord had preserved Chuchi 
until he could enjoy full assurance that he 
was God's child. Each prayer for him, each 
seed of truth planted in his heart, was not in 

Though time was running out for the old 
man, God's timing was perfect. [t] 

How one Brethren church is helping another 
Indian tribe receive God's word in its own language 

Waynesboro, Pa. — The Wayne Heights Brethren 
Church is playing a direct part in providing a por- 
tion of God's word to a tribe that has never had the 
Scriptures in its own language. The church is under- 
writing half the cost of printing the Gospel of John 
in the language of the Jacalecto Indians, who live in 
a remote area of Guatemala. 

The seeds for this project were sown last October, 
when the annual Pennsylvania District rally for the 
WMS, Laymen, and pastors was held at the Wayne 
Heights Church. 

One of the speakers for this rally was Dr. Steven 
Carter, a local Christian surgeon who has spent con- 
siderable time on mission fields both visiting and 
working in mission hospitals. One of the statistics 
Dr. Carter shared on that occasion was that there 
are well over 1,000 languages and dialects into 
which the Scriptures have not been translated and 

A few weeks later the Sunday school cabinet of the 
Wayne Heights Church was considering a project for 
the church's annual Christmas Tree Missions Offer- 
ing. Remembering what Dr. Carter said, the cabinet 
decided to explore the possibility of getting God's 
word to a group of people that had never had the op- 
portunity to read it. 

Following this meeting, the pastor. Rev. Henry 
Bates, wrote to the International Bible Society (IBS) 
for suggestions. Within a few days a reply came back 
from the Bible Society saying that the same day the 
church's letter had been received, a letter had also 

come from the Wycliffe Bible Translators. WyclifFe 
translators had just recently completed translating 
the Gospel of John into the language of the Jacalecto 
Indians. They were requesting the IBS to print and 
distribute a supply of these Gospels. Cost of printing 
would be $1,500 dollars. 

Upon learning of this project, the Wayne Heights 
Sunday school accepted the challenge of raising one- 
third of the cost of this venture. 

The offering for this missions project was received 
on the Sunday before Christmas. For several weeks 
prior to that Sunday, the project was publicized and 
considerable excitement generated, especially among 
the children. Several women of the church decorated 
plastic egg-shaped hosiery containers so that the 
children could put their offerings into them and 
place them on the tree on Christmas Sunday. 

When the day to receive the offering arrived, the 
children and adults presented not just the $500 
needed to underwrite one-third of the Gospel of John 
project, but $714 — almost enough to pay for one-half 
the project. Additional offerings received later 
brought the total to $800, more than enough to pay 
for half the printing costs. This was the largest offer- 
ing ever received in the ten years the church has 
promoted a special Christmas missions offering. 

— reported by Rev. Henry Bates 
Editor's note: The money the Wayne Heights Brethren 
Church sent to the International Bible Society was a spe- 
cial Christmas missions offering in addition to their 
regular support of Brethren World and Home Missions. 

March 1983 

World Missions 

The Divine Compulsion 

by Rev. M. Virgil Ingraham 
Executive Director of the Missionary Board of The Brethren Church 

PRESSING ONWARD in World Missions 
is a holy compulsion, stemming from 
God's love at work in us (II Cor. 5). As our 
Lord's children, we share with Him the de- 
sire that all people everywhere might be 

The Great Commission to make disciples 
of all the nations broadens the scope of our 
work in reaching people for Christ. If we are 
content to merely enjoy the privilege of being 
Christians, we stop short of God's will. 
Rather, the privilege carries with it the re- 
sponsibility to be actively engaged in gather- 
ing others, from far and near, into fellowship 
with our Lord. 

As Brethren, we have open doors which 
permit our missionaries to preach the gospel 
to Indians and Malaysians in Asia; to Argen- 
tinians, Colombians, and Mexicans in Latin 
America; and to the unsaved in our home- 
land. If we are to measure up to our divine 
capabilities in missions, we must earnestly 
pray that God will fan the embers of love for 
the lost in our hearts, that they might burst 
into open flame. (Compare our General Con- 
ference theme from II Timothy 1:6, 7.) 

Our missionary work force has been en- 
larged in recent months by the arrival of the 
Robert Dillards in Colombia and Allen Baer 
in Argentina. Even so, calls for more workers 
are coming in to us from these countries and 
from Mexico as well. Promising young people 

have expressed interest in missionary serv- 
ice, with the number increasing as interest 
becomes concern and as concern leads to 
commitment to Christ and His work in 
reaching the lost. 

Sending missionaries into other coun- 
tries is truly a compulsion of God's work in 
our hearts. It requires a long-term commit- 
ment — a long-term commitment of mis- 
sionaries to service, and of the sending 
churches (the stay-at-home missionaries) to 
supply adequate support for the mis- 
sionaries, their families, and their minis- 

Missionary support has been inadequate 
in recent years, making drastic reductions 
necessary wherever possible. At a time in 
mankind's history when God's people should 
be stepping up their missionary evangelism 
and when volunteers are available for train- 
ing and service, we Brethren need to count 
our blessings. We need to consider what we 
have that might be given to help reach re- 
sponsive people with the gospel while there 
is still time and opportunity. 

Indeed, we are driven to continue and to 
intensify our witness into dark places where 
the love of Christ is not known. May we join 
hearts and lives to do more for missions — 
more in prayer, in service, and in steadfast, 
sacrificial giving for this work which is so 
near to the heart of God. [t] 

Last Year in IVIalaysia 

LAST year was a busy time for the church 
in Malaysia. Three gospel rallies, a 
youth retreat, outreach to non-Christian stu- 
dents, continuation of the prison and hospital 
ministries — all these were part of the effort 
to reach more people for Christ and to bring 


those who are believers to maturity in the 

Two of the rallies were held in Penang. 
Rev. David Chew, who is continuing the 
work established in that city by the Lois, was 
present with the Penang Brethren youth fori 

The Brethren Evangelist 

these rallies. They praised the 
Lord for this rare opportunity 
to hold public rallies in this 
Muslim country. One of these 
was the second largest gospel 
rally in Penang church his- 
tory, with about four thousand 
people attending. 

At the second rally in 
Penang, the church members 
from Johor Baru were also 
able to attend. The speaker 
was Rev. Elisha Wu from 
Canada, the man who encour- 
aged David Loi to make his de- 
cision for the Lord's ministry 
18 years ago. 

Dr. Paul Yonggi Cho, pastor 
of the largest Protestant church in the world 
(in Seoul, Korea), spoke at the third rally, 
which was held in Singapore. Even though 
only 10% of the population in Malaysia is 
Christian, thirty to forty thousand people at- 
tended each service, with several hundred 
accepting Christ as Savior each evening. 

Eight young people enjoyed the first youth 
retreat held at Johor Baru. They drove about 
25 miles to a waterfall, where they spent the 
night in a bungalow belonging to another 
church. The next day they fellowshipped to- 
gether, enjoying hymns, Bible study, and 
messages from Joshua Ting and David Loi, 
followed by a refreshing dip in the waterfall. 

The student fellowship which has been 
meeting in Joshua Ting's home is trying to 
reach more students. Recognizing the desire 
students worldwide seem to share for recre- 
ation after school, the fellowship bought a 

David and Jenny Loi, with son Stephen, celebrated 
their eighth wedding anniversary last September 12. 

Participants take part in small-group discussions during one of the 
gospel rallys held at Penang. 

ping-pong table and put out a sign reading 
"Student Center." They hope that more stu- 
dents will come by for recreation and fellow- 

David Loi continues to be involved in the 
prison ministry he entered soon after reach- 
ing Johor Baru. He says, "When I read from 
Matthew 25:36b, 1 was in prison, and ye 
came unto me,' I really praise the Lord that I 
am a free man both physically and spiritu- 
ally, that I can share concern with those who 
are in the prison. At least I can proclaim the 
gospel to them." The average attendance for 
this prison ministry is about forty or fifty 

The hospital ministry is also continuing as 
before, with visitation of many who have no 
relatives or friends. These people are also fol- 
lowed up in their homes when they are re- 
leased from the hospital. 

In the latter part of 1982, David and Jenny 
Loi moved to a new residence with more visi- 
bility and greater accessibility. They feel 
their ministry should grow as a result. Their 
new address is 173 Jalan Sutera, Taman 
Sentosa, Johor Baru, Johor, Malaysia. 

Rev. David Chew (in Penang) wrote David 
Loi and asked that he express his thanks to 
all the Brethren churches for their financial 
and prayer support. He indicates that more 
people are attending their services and that 
new faces continue to appear at the meetings 
for children and youth. He also requests con- 
tinued prayer support. 

Let's remember to support both David 
Chew in Penang and David Loi in Johor as 
they represent our Lord and our church in 
Malaysia. They and their families and those 
who attend their churches all are important 
in the ongoing outreach of Christianity, [t] 


March 1983 


World Missions 

With Chantal in Colombia 

Chantal Logan 

WE are very happy about the way things 
are going in the Campo Valdes Church 
in Medellin. The congregation is growing 
again — five were baptized last month — and 
attendance is up. 

What is most exciting to me, however, is 
that the people are becoming more responsi- 
ble financially and are learning to tithe. It 
had always been very hard to motivate the 
Campo Valdes Church to give, for the people 
had grown so used to receiving. Not long ago 
nobody wanted to hear about special en- 
velopes with names on them or about any 
other system of giving. But this has changed. 
Now the envelopes of all the people who tithe 
are placed on a bulletin board. Each envelope 
is numbered, and each person knows his 
or her number. The tithing campaign has 
brought forth fruit, and the church's monthly 
income has almost doubled! Praise the Lord! 

The church's purchase of a house to serve 
as its place of meeting had a lot to do with 
this change in attitude about tithing. The 
people are very enthusiastic about this pur- 
chase. A month ago they had a special cele- 
bration to which they invited all the other 
congregations. They worshiped and ate a fel- 
lowship meal together. 

One of the ladies we had been working 
with for a long time is now attending church 
services whenever possible, and her 
daughters come with her. She is teaching a 
Sunday school class and one of her girls is 
teaching the children. The Lord has really 
answered our prayers. But there was a time 
when it sure looked dark. 

Now we are praying for her son, as he is 
drifting farther away from the Lord. He and 
his family are experiencing both financial 
and health problems. One of the men from 
the church keeps on exhorting him each time 
he sees him. But the son has let his life be 
filled with bitterness. Another man is ex- 

Chantal and her husband Mark are Brethren 
missionaries serving in Medellin, Colombia. 


periencing the same kinds of problems, ar^d 
Mark has told him repeatedly that his situa- 
tion won't get better until he starts doing 
what he is supposed to. Many prayers are 
needed for both men. 

We are very pleased to have the Dillards 
at El Poblado. Both Mark and I were really 
impressed by Bob's Spanish when he first led 
a service and a Bible study there. He did a 
great job. We were happily surprised, also, to 
see many new people attending when the 
Dillards first came. Because of our busy 
schedules, we have decided to make an effort 
to meet regularly (possibly every two weeks) 
with Bob and Juanita to discuss business and 
pray for ea:ch other. We are thankful for 
them and happy to have them around, and 
our kids are crazy about their son Lucas, who 
was a year old in February. 

In the section of Medellin known as San 
Diego, the Quechua group has been pretty 
stable, not growing and not doing much. Luis 
Mendoza has tried to prepare them for 
leadership, but he has found it very difficult. 
The Quechuas travel constantly — both to 
Ecuador and to fairs around the country. 

Nevertheless, the church in San Diego 
has been suc- 
cessful in reach- 
ing children — 
dozens of them. 
They had a 
vacation Bible 
school in co- 
operation with 
the young peo- 
ple from Cam- 
po Valdes. It 
was a suc- 
cess, with about 
fifty children 
attending regu- 
larly. They still 
teach the chil- 
dren every Sun- Bob Dillard in the midst of a Sun- 
day afternoon, day school class at El Pablado. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

A. decision is going to have to be made soon 
about the future of this church, as the owner 
jf the house is going to sell it. 

The work in Girardota is both exciting and 
promising — so everybody says. (I will visit 
there for the first time on the Sunday when 
they have their first Communion service.) 
rhere has been an average of about fifteen 
adults and eight children attending. Five 
people have been baptized. Luis Mendoza has 
tried to get them started right by teaching 
them some Brethren doctrine and self-sup- 
port concepts. 

A small group was started in Bogota in a 
iistrict where there are no other evangelical 
churches. This area offers great potential, 
t)ut the people need to be visited more often 
30 the group can grow and feel part of the 
ivhole church. They have been invited to the 
church's annual meeting. 

The national leaders are assuming respon- 
sibilities and taking them seriously. But we 
need more leaders from our own ranks. As 

Luis Mendoza, national president of the Breth- 
ren Church in Colombia, discusses some work with 
Elizabeth Arias, the church's secretary. 

far as expanding the work, many contacts 
are made and we could do more if we had 
more personnel. We are very happy with 
both Dario Tobon and Luis Mendoza. They 
need your prayer support, however, for they 
face many difficulties. But in spite of prob- 
lems, we feel the church is growing spiritu- 
ally and numerically. The future looks 
bright. [t] 




New Outreach in Medellin 

by Robert Dillard 

WHEN someone mentions "unreached 
people," we usually form a mental pic- 
ture of people in a Third World country or of 
a person who is "down and out" in America. 
But missionaries in Medellin, Colombia, are 
now attempting to reach the upper classes of 
people who so far have paid scant attention 
to the call of the gospel. 

Formulating a new strategy with the hope 
3f reaching all levels of society, AMEM (the 
association of evangelical pastors in Colom- 
bia) is leaving the evangelization of the 
upper classes to missionaries. AMEM, mean- 
while, is making its first united effort at 
evangelizing the red-light district, the very 
core of Medellin. 

Together the missionaries are brainstorm- 
ing on ways they can reach the upper classes. 
Juanita and I have sat in on a few strategy 
sessions with missionaries from other de- 
nominations in order to make plans to bring 
the Christian message to this as yet almost 
totally unreached segment of the Colombian 

Juanita and I have also taken action by 
moving to a house situated in a spot accept- 

Bob and his wife Juanita began serving as 
Brethren missionaries to Colombia in May 1982. 

able to the majority of the class-conscious 
people. This move was encouraged by the 
church, which found it an advantage for us 
not only to be in a more strategic location, 
but also to have a larger home, since the 
church meets in our house. The new house 
has a much larger living-dining room than 
our former home and also a large exterior 
garage where the children meet for classes. 
It is also in a more visible location. 

Although the move and the new outreach 
have taken much of our time and energies, I 
am also involved in the church's national 
junta (board). I was recently elected the 
board's vice president, with Luis Mendoza 
being re-elected president. Juanita was 
elected to the newly formed church board of 
El Poblado. 

We rejoice in one other avenue of witness- 
ing that the Lord has opened to us. We are 
expecting our second child this June and are 
really looking forward to possibilities of 
ministering to other couples who will be tak- 
ing the natural childbirth class with us. 

Let's praise the Lord for the missionary 
work in Colombia and for the opportunity 
God has given the Brethren to touch lives for 
Him here. May many more be reached in the 
years ahead. [t] 


March 1983 


World Missions 

It Just So Happened 

A testimony on the processing of a visa for Allen Baer. 

by William Winter 

WIEN God intervenes in a matter, it's 
exciting! I enjoyed being part of such 
an experience after returning to Argentina 
from furlough. At that time I began the fol- 
low-up work on securing a visa for Allen 
Baer. I found that while some preliminary 
investigation had been done to obtain the 
visa, the application still needed to be made. 
It remained for me to handle this long proc- 
ess, something at that time I would have pre- 
ferred not to do. But I did not realize the "ad- 
venture" God had in store for me. 

Saturday, August 14, 1982, brought the 
last of the information necessary to make 
visa application for Allen. So the next Mon- 
day I went to see Mr. Parodi, the man in 
charge of the National Registry of Churches. 
He said that since The Brethren Church is 
duly registered in Argentina, there would be 
no problem in getting a visa within just a 
few days. 

Bill and his wife Sharon are Brethren mis- 
sionaries serving in Argentina. 

I was overjoyed. Yet something (or Some- , 
one) prompted me to ask, "What type of visa j 
will this be?" He replied that it would be 
simply a tourist visa. My heart fell! He then 
explained that current laws require a person 
to come into the country on a temporary visa , 
and then try to secure a one-year permit. ! 
This one-year permit must then be renewed | 
twice (for a total of three years), at which j 
time application can be made for a perma- 
nent visa. 

I could picture Allen living in constant 
insecurity for the next three years, and I; 
envisioned the never-ending frustration hej 
would experience as he worked his way; 
through the red tape of trying to get his visa] 
extended. I told Mr. Parodi I didn't thinkij 
that was what we wanted — that we preferred; 
a permanent visa that wouldn't have to bej 
continually renewed. j 

About that time something (or Someone)! 
prodded me into remembering that I had aj 
friend who worked in that same building and 
even the same ministry (the Exterior Minis-* 


The Brethren Evangelist; 

try). I mentioned this to Mr. Parodi, and he 
enthusiastically said, "Go see him; they may 
have a different solution." So I went upstairs 
to see if my friend, Enrique Moresco, was in. 

I had met Enrique about ten years earlier 
as a result of my ham radio activities, and 
we had become friends over the years. He is 
a career diplomat and the last I knew had 
been the number-two man at the Argentine 
embassy to Paraguay. He now holds a rank 
enabling him to be assigned to an ambas- 
sadorship. Not knowing his current rank, 
however, I just waltzed in and asked for my 
friend, Sefior Moresco. I was told that he was 
at lunch, but that he would be back in a few 

About five minutes later, Enrique got off 
the elevator and greeted me warmly. He 
ushered me into his office where we chatted 
for awhile. I then shared with him the situa- 
tion concerning the visa. He thought for a 
bit, then said, "Let me call my boss (Minister 
of Consular Affairs) about this." It turned 
out that Enrique's boss is a personal friend of 
the Subdirector of Immigrations. 

Enrique then went downstairs with me to 
meet Mr. Parodi, and together we planned 
how to proceed. With Enrique making a phone 
call, Mr. Parodi writing a letter, and I doing 
some hand carrying, everything worked like 
clockwork. In three days I would be able to 
pick up Allen's file and take it to a meeting 
with the Subdirector of Immigrations. 

Three days later I returned to see the Sub- 
director, explaining my request for an im- 
mediate granting of a permanent visa for 
Allen. He called in his assistant and dis- 
cussed the request briefly with her, then 
asked her to take the file to the designated 
office. He asked me to return in a week, as 
he expected to have a visa that would be 
"better than a tourist visa, but I can't 
guarantee a permanent one." 

I returned the following Thursday. The of- 
fice assistant to the Subdirector said that I 
was to see the director of the visa office. 
There I was told that they couldn't complete 
the visa because they needed two items of in- 
formation about Allen. To my surprise, they 
took my declaration of the needed informa- 
tion as sufficient — a miracle, since usually 
this has to be done through a lawyer, with 
several government agencies certifying the 

I then asked the woman dealing with me if 
they were going to grant a permanent visa, 
as had been requested. She asked the office 
director, and he said that they were. I felt 

like shouting, "Glory to God!" But restrain- 
ing myself, I just said, "That's fine. Thank 
you very much." I was asked to come back on 
Monday to pick up the completed visa. 

Returning Monday, I discovered that they 
could not locate the file. After a lengthy 
search, it was found, but it hadn't been 
signed. I said, "Okay, I'll wait." I was asked 
to return a week later, at which time it 
would be signed. 

Realizing I was getting the run-around, I 
went back to the Subdirector's office and 
explained the situation to the office assist- 
ant. She asked me to sit down and then went 
into the inner office. She left the door open, 
so I heard her side of the phone conversation. 
I heard her say, "It's all ready except sign- 
ing?" (pause) "Sign it." She then came out 
and said, "It will be ready in 15 minutes; you 
can go pick it up." 

I thanked her and returned to the visa of- 
fice. Sure enough, it was signed. All was 
courtesy, and to my surprise I was instructed 
to take the official telegram form to the cen- 
tral post office and send it to the Chicago 

After sending the telegram, I went home 
and began to reflect on all that had happened. 
Then I realized the mighty way in which God 
had moved. We had been informed that a 
minimum of three months was required to 
process a visa. Yet 14 days after I made the 
application, the telegram" was on its way to 
Chicago. And although new regulations pro- 
vide for only temporary, renewable visas, 
Allen received a permanent resident visa. 

It "just so happened": 
— that I had a friend in the Exterior Ministry; 
— that his current assignment was in the 

same building as the Religious Registry; 
— that his superior was a personal friend of 

the Subdirector of Immigrations; 
— that the person in charge of the visa office 

decided "on a whim" to grant a permanent 

rather than a temporary visa. 

Without a doubt these "just so happened's" 
were nothing less than the direct interven- 
tion of our Lord. [t] 

Allen Baer arrived in Buenos 
Aires, Argentina, on October 3, 
1982. He is currently at work 
translating Our Faith from 
English to Spanish, assisting in 
the remodeling and expansion 
of some church facilities, and 
learning bookkeeping proce- 
dures for the mission records. 

March 1983 



the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Chicago's Modern-Day Jonah 

CHICAGO has a modern-day Jonah. 
That's right — a modern-day Jonah! 

On any given afternoon at three o'clock, 
right in the heart of the windy city, the 
corner of State Street and Madison, Jonah 
gets on his soapbox with bullhorn in hand 
and begins blasting the sins of the people. 
Now when I say blasting, I mean blasting! 
According to city ordinance, the maximum 
allowable noise level is 80 decibels at ten 
feet. Our modern-day Jonah has been me- 
tered at 92 decibels and going higher as he 
gets into his message! 

Workers in the North American building — 
one block away and 14 stories up — claim 
they hear him regularly. One worker seven 
stories up on the southwest corner of State 
and Madison says: "I pay $700 per month 
rent, turn on two air conditioners and music 
in order to drown him out, and still I hear 
him. I can't work! I've gone down and talked 
with him on three different occasions and 
asked him to tone it down, but he won't lis- 
ten. I think it [the noise] has made him 

What does our modern-day Jonah say, and 
who is he? Well, his message is like that of 
the biblical Jonah: "Repent or judgment is at 
hand!" Only he says it louder than anyone 
else before him. He gets his bullhorn and 
blasts all passer-by s for their sins. He can be 
heard easily from two blocks away. In fact, 
you hear his preaching long before you see 

His name is Samuel Chambers, a self-or- 
dained preacher. He told a Chicago Tribune 
reporter that God sent him to the corner of 
State and Madison. 

Rev. Chambers has been cited for disturb- 
ing the peace, arrested, tried, convicted by a 
jury, fined, and still he preaches — louder 
than ever. Last fall when a jury convicted 
him, his lawyer asked for a continuance 
claiming that Rev. Chambers was out of 

town. He wasn't out of town at all. He was 
where he always is at three o'clock in the af- 
ternoon, blasting away at the sins of the 
people from his soapbox on the northwest 
corner of State and Madison. 

The problem with our modern-day Jonah is 
not his message, but his method. It shouldn't 
surprise Rev. Chambers that his method isn't 
working. The more he turns up his amplifier, 
the harder hearts become. 


Perhaps he should take 
note of the method used by 
Mother Teresa. She gained 
the attention of the world 
because she demonstrated 
the love of Christ.'* 

The biblical Jonah didn't have a bullhorn 
with an amplifier. And as far as I can deter- 
mine, he wasn't arrested for disturbing the 
peace. But his message was one of judgment: 
"Repent or in forty days the city will be de- 
stroyed." But in sharp contrast to Chicago, 
Nineveh repented, "from the greatest of 
them even to the least of them." The people 
believed Jonah's message. It's quite evident 
that the city of Chicago doesn't believe Rev. 

Someone said to a Tribune reporter: "I 
don't object to what he is saying; I object to 
his volume. The guy loves the sound of his 
own voice. But he's the only one who does." j 

Evidently the prophet is not making much ; 
headway in conveying his message. Perhaps ! 
he should take note of the method used by | 
Mother Teresa. She gained the attention of! 
the world because she demonstrated the love j 
of Christ. j 

It appears that the quiet transforming hug | 
of grace is superior to the ranting bullhorn of] 
judgment. But why do we have to be continu- ; 
ously reminded of that? [t] j 


The Brethren Evangelist 


news from the Brethren Church 

Auction and craft sale planned 
for General Conference 

Ashland, Ohio — Plans are un- 

! derway to include a Centennial 
Heritage Auction and Craft Sale 
as part of the 1983 General Con- 
ference in August. The auction/ 

! sale is in keeping with the Confer- 
ence celebration of 100 years of 

I the Progressive Brethren Move- 

I ment. 

I According to Coordinator Judi 
Gentle, the auction/sale has a two- 
fold purpose. "First, we want to give 

' Brethren people an opportunity to 

' be working together to produce or 
locate and donate items of value. 

I And second, we see this as an op- 

iportunity to support special proj- 
ects of our Brethren ministries." 

j Donors of items may designate 
one of seven projects to benefit 
from sale proceeds. Projects 

I selected to date are: 

New Printing Equipment — 

Brethren Publishing Company. 

Maranatha Bible Institute, 

I Pasadena — Missionary Board. 

I CIA (Collegians In Action) Teams 

— Board of Christian Education. 

Hot Meals for Haitian Chil- 
dren — World Relief 

Brethren Scholarships — Ash- 
land College. 

Brethren Scholarships — Ash- 
land Theological Seminary. 

Benevolent Board (project to be 

A list of selected items for dona- 
tion has been sent to each Breth- 
ren church. The WMS Conference 
quilt plus quilts from several 
churches have also been commit- 
ted to the auction. Type cases and 
wood type are being donated by 
the Publishing Company. 

Local "go-getters" are being 
selected by each church. These 
"go-getters" will coordinate auc- 
tion activities on the local level. 
Rev. Spencer Grentle is serving as 
national "go-getter" coordinator. 

The auction will be held Satur- 
day, August 13, and will include 
large handmade items, antiques 
and collectibles, Brethren mem- 

Update on the lawsuit 
against Tlie Bretiiren Ciiurcti 

As reported in the September 
1982 Brethren Evangelist (pp. 
13-14), The Brethren Church and 
the Benevolent Board have been 
named in a suit by L. Robert Kim- 
ball and Associates of Ebensburg, 

The plaintiff is seeking satisfac- 
tion of a judgment against Breth- 
ren Care, Inc., of the Pennsylvania 
District for architectural, en- 
gineering, and survey work al- 
legedly performed for a retirement 
center in Vinco, Pennsylvania. 
The position of The Brethren 
Church and the Benevolent Board 
is that they have no liability for 
these charges. 

A preliminary hearing was held 
in December in the Cambria 
County Common Pleas Court to 
determine the merits of the case. 
Mr. James O'Malley, attorney for 
The Brethren Church and the 
Benevolent Board, has indicated 
that he does not expect a decision 
from the court for some time, 
based on the volume of legal briefs 
filed by the plaintiff. 

Your continued prayers for wis- 
dom and guidance for those of 
us dealing with the suit is ap- 

— Ronald W. Waters 
Director of Denominational 

orabilia, quilts, and similar items. 
It will be advertised widely in na- 
tional and regional antique and 
"trader" magazines to ensure a 
large group of potential buyers. A 
respected Ashland auctioneer has 
generously volunteered his serv- 
ices for the day. Richard Leidy, 
Jan Rinehart, and Doris Draven- 
stott are serving as on-campus 
auction coordinators. 

A craft sale will be held 
throughout General Conference 
week in the Convocation Center. 
Smaller, handmade items will be 
included in this sale, which is 
being coordinated by Ruth Ann 

Auction sponsors are also being 
sought to help underwrite the 
costs of the sale. Donors of $25 or 
more will be listed in the auction 
program. Sponsorship donations 
may be sent to Brethren Church 
Conference Auction, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

One tract results in 
32 conversions 

South Bend, Ind. — We never 
know what far-reaching effects 
our efforts at witnessing for 
Christ may have. 

Mr. Harold Haenes of the 
South Bend First Brethren 
Church sent a tract, "A Country 
Called Heaven" by Oswald J. 
Smith, to a friend in India. As a 
result, during the next three 
years 32 j>eople in that friend's 
clan received Christ. 

Mr. Haenes says that he has 
sent hundreds of tracts with his 
mail. Only God knows how 
many lives have been influenced 
for Christ by these tracts. 

(Mr. Haenes also conducts a bulletin 
board ministry that was featured on 
page 19 of the February EVANGEUST.) 

March 1983 



National BYC presents $3,500 
to Brethren Care of Ashland 

Ashland, Ohio — The presenta- 
tion of a check in the amount of 
$3,500 to Brethren Care of Ash- 
land, Ohio, culminated the 1982 
project effort of the National 
Brethren Youth Crusaders. The 
1982-83 BYC Moderator Mike 
Funkhouser visited the retirement 
home on January 12, and in a 
brief, informal ceremony, pre- 
sented the check to the director of 
Brethren Care, Lenny Seaman. 

The check represented one-half 
of the amount brought in by the 
youth at their National BYC in- 
gathering. The other half of the 
money raised goes to the Summer 
Crusader program. 

Brethren youth throughout the 
denomination labored from Sep- 
tember 1981 to August 1982 to 
raise funds for the ingathering. 
The money received was allocated 
according to the National BYC 
budget, proposed by the BYC 
Council and approved by the en- 
tire Convention in a business 

The check to Brethren Care was 
added to other funds raised for the 

recent addition to 
the facility. The 
addition included 
an expanded din- 
ing area for resi- 
dents, a room for 
chapel services 
and meetings, an 
activities - recre- 
ation room, an 
employee break 
room, and storage 
areas. {See pages 
14-15 of the Feb- 
for more informa- 
tion about this 

Several of these 
improvements were 
mandated by new 
laws governing nursing homes. 
The National BYC felt that help 
from the youth was appropriate in 
this special ministry of The Breth- 
ren Church. 

For the 1982-83 Conference 
year, the National BYC project of- 
fering will go toward the home 
mission work in North Carolina, a 

TRUTH and GLAD to perform 
at BYC Convention in August 

Ashland, Ohio — The National 
Board of Christian Education has 
scheduled two popular contempo- 
rary Christian music groups for 
concerts at the 1983 National BYC 
Convention. The groups are called 

TRUTH performs "middle-of-the- 
road" music appealing to all ages. 
In fact, several Crusader teams' 
repertoires have included TRUTH 
music. The group is made up of 
semi-professionals who dedicate a 
year or more of service to the 
group. Therefore its personnel 
changes from year to year. 
TRUTH'S concert will be Tuesday, 
August 9, at 9:00 p.m. 

GLAD is a contemporary five- 
man band from the Washington, 

D.C., area, which performs a vari- 
ety of jazz, pop, rock, and ballad 
music with Christian IjtIcs. They 
are well-known for their close har- 
monies and their ability to cover 
the span of exhortation, evangel- 
ism, and praise in a concert. Al- 
though they appeal more to youth 
and young adults, their concerts 
can be enjoyed by all. GLAD will 
appear on Saturday, August 13, at 
7:30 p.m. 

All youth registered for the BYC 
Convention will receive free tick- 
ets to both concerts as a part of the 
Convention package price. Addi- 
tional tickets will be on sale to 
other Conference attenders and to 
the public. 

BYC Moderator Mike Funkhouser (center) pre- 
sents a check for $3,500 to Lenny Seaman, direc- 
tor of Brethren Care, as Charles Beekley, national 
director of Christian education, looks on. 

church-planting project under the 
leadership of Rev. Keith Hensley. 
Support for this project will be in- 
gathered at the 1983 BYC Con- 
vention, which begins August 8 in 
Ashland, Ohio. 

Pleasant View Church 
ordains two deacons 

Vandergrift, Pa. — Melvin] 
Walker and David Schrecengost j 
were ordained deacons in the 
Pleasant View Brethren Church i 
during morning worship on Sun 
day, January 16. 

Rev. Thomas Kidder, pastor 
of the Brush Valley Brethren 
Church, presented the ordina- 
tion message and assisted Pleas- 
ant View Pastor Michael 
Gleason in the remainder of the 


Mr. Schrecengost and Mr 
Walker are both very active ir 
the Pleasant View Church. Both 
are members of the official boarc 
and they serve together on th< 
church's board of Christian edu 
cation. In addition, Mr. Walker 
is president of the loca 
Laymen's Organization and is i\ 
trustee of the church. 1 

— reported by Rev. Michael Gleason] 


The Brethren Evangelis' 



Hispanic ministry bearing fruit 
at Sarasota First Brethiren 

Sarasota, Fla. — On Sunday, 
January 2, Rev. Kenneth Sol- 
omon, missions pastor of the 
Sarasota First Brethren Church, 
baptized Alejandro Royas in the 
church's outdoor baptistry. This 
was the first baptism growing 
out of the Hispanic ministry of 
the church. 

During the ten o'clock worship 
|service three Hispanics were re- 
iceived into membership in the 
jSarasota Church — Alejandro 
iRoyas and Cleofas and Ricardo 

Espinosa. This brings to five the 
total from the Hispanic minis- 
try who are members of the 
Sarasota congregation. 

According to Dr. J.D. Hamel, 
senior pastor of the Sarasota 
Church, the Hispanic ministry 
"is growing by leaps and bounds." 
Attendance is running between 
80 and 90. 

(An article about the Hispanic 
ministry of the Sarasota First 
Brethren Church appeared in the 
October 1982 Evangeust.) 

"The W.A. Y. " provides 4-H activities, 
religious training for W. Aiex. youth 

West Alexandria, Ohio — One 

jof the many outreach ministries 
jof the First Brethren Church of 
West Alexandria is a 4-H club 
[known as "The W.A.Y." (which 
istands for the West Alexandria 
|Youth). "The W.A.Y." began two 
lyears ago as a club for girls, 
iwith fourteen members. It is 
now for both boys and girls and 
has a total membership of 23 (15 
girls, 8 boys), ranging in age 
from 9 to 18. 

In addition to carrying out 
various projects according to 4-H 

guidelines, "The W.A.Y." also 
provides religious training. 

One of the activities of the 
club was a kitchen shower for 
the church kitchen in November. 
Club members planned the deco- 
rations, baked and decorated the 
cakes, made the punch and cof- 
fee, and served the guests. 

The current goal of the club is 
to take their 4-H projects to the 
Ohio State Fair this summer. 
They are working on advanced 
cake decorating, flower arrang- 
ing, and woodworking. 

— reported by Luella Painter 


of "The 






for a 




m |i^Hi|| 


Rev. Kenneth Solomon prays 
for Alejandro Royas following 
his baptism. 

March 1983 

Lyn Eiiis to serve 
Cameron Churchi 
as tentmaiier 

Cameron, W. Va. — On January 
12, the First Brethren Church of 
Cameron issued a call to Lyn Ellis 
to become a tentmaker within the 
congregation. Miss Ellis accepted 
the call and began her work dur- 
ing the latter part of January. 

Ljm is a member of the First 
Brethren Church of Oakville, Ind., 
where her father. Rev. Wes Ellis, 
is the pastor. In addition to taking 
an active part in her home church, 
Lyn served two years as a Simimer 
Crusader. She spent her first sum- 
mer as a member of the drama 
team C.A.S.T., and last summer 
she was captain of the drama team 
Lyn's main responsibilities at 
Cameron will 
be to serve 
as editor of 
the church's 
and to de- 
velop a 
youth group 
within the 



General Conference Executive Committee 
iooiis at 1982 loss; cuts 1983 budget 

Ashland, Ohio — The General 
Conference Executive Committee 
held a regularly scheduled meet- 
ing February 4. Items of busi- 
ness included reports from offi- 
cers and staff, an extended re- 
view of the financial condition of 
The Brethren Church, and con- 
tinued planning for the 1983 

Director of Denominational 
Business Ron Waters reviewed 
the 1982 financial reports. The 
Brethren Church, Inc., suffered 
a $9,159.29 loss during the year. 
This was due in large part to a 
shortfall in anticipated appor- 
tionment contributions, with 
only 81% of the full apportion- 
ment received. Only 58% of 
Brethren congregations gave 
their full apportionment, while 
14% gave no financial support. 

Waters also reported on a sur- 
vey of 1983 apportionment con- 
tributions budgeted by Brethren 
churches. From the survey he 
projected a 1983 apportionment 
shortfall of $10,136. This would 
amount to $5,178 less than the 
$60,000 apportionment General 
Conference projected in the 1983 
budget adopted last August. 

The Executive Committee 

then considered over $5,000 in 
budget cuts to bring 1983 ex- 
penses in line with anticipated 
income. Cuts considered in- 
cluded wage and salary reduc- 
tions; printing only an update to 
the 1982 Directory rather than a 
full 1983 Directory; and less ex- 
pensive production methods for 
the 1983 Conference Annual and 
Conference Report booklets. 
Some proposed budget cuts will 
be reconsidered throughout the 
year based on actual apportion- 
ment contributions. 

On the brighter side. Director 
of Pastoral Ministries William 
Kerner reported that organiza- 
tion of the National Ordination 
Council is proceeding smoothly. 
The Council will now provide 
the final examination for all 
candidates for ordination. The 
first meeting of the Council is 
set for late April, and four candi- 
dates have been proposed for 

Rev. Arden Gilmer, chairman 
of the Covenant Relationship 
Task Force, gave a favorable re- 
port of a meeting with Ashland 
College President Dr. Joseph 
Shultz, Vice President Murray 
Hudson, and Campus Ministry 

Brethren Pension Plan 
receives IRS approval 

Columbus, Ohio — The Breth- 
ren Church Pension Plan and 
Trust has been approved by the 
Internal Revenue Service. The 
approval is the result of several 
modifications to bring the plan 
into conformity with recently 
enacted changes in the tax laws. 

The trustees of the Retirement 
Board received this favorable 
news at their meeting February 

The amendments to the plan 
did not change any of its bene- 
fits. A plan booklet can now be 
prepared and will be distributed 
as soon as possible. 


The trustees also received fa- 
vorable news on the fund's in- 
vestment results for 1982 — a 
gain of $153,405 after operating 
expenses were deducted. This 
represents a 30.1% gain on the 
1981 fund balance. While the 
trustees cannot guarantee the 
fund will realize such a high 
gain in future years, they were 
nonetheless pleased with these 
exceptional results for 1982. 

Questions about the Pension 
Plan may be sent to Dale 
Ru Lon, President of the Retire- 
ment Board, or to John Ramsey 
at Employee Benefit Manage- 
ment Corporation, 2041 River- 
side Drive, Columbus, Ohio 
43221 (phone 614-486-0238). 

Director Jim Menninger. Gilmer i 
noted that the purpose of the^ 
task force is to maintain a regu- 
lar dialogue between the church 
and the college. 

Scheduling for the 1983 Con- 
ference was more definitely es- 
tablished by the Committee. A 
detailed schedule will be sent to 
church leaders when finalized. 

The next meeting of the Exec- 
utive Committee will be May 20- 
21 in Ashland. 

Brethren Heritage Tour 
of Europe planned 

Elgin, III. — A Brethren Heritage 
Tour of Europe is scheduled for 
July 5-20, sponsored by the 
Church of the Brethren Histori- 
cal Committee in cooperation J 
with Kreider Friendship Tours,; 
Ltd. The tour is in recognition of! 
the 275th anniversary of the I 
founding of the various Brethren! 
groups. i 

The itinerary includes visits toj 
more than a dozen places in Hol- 
land, France, Germany, and 
Switzerland where Brethren 
lived and were active. Special at- 
tention will be given to the 
Schwarzenau area, the Marien- 
born area, Krefeld, and Surhuis- 

In addition, the tour will in- 
clude visits to famous cathe- 
drals and stops at selected 
museums and castles. 

Directors for the tour are Ken- 
neth I. Morse, who served for 35| 
years in editorial work for theii 
Church of the Brethren; and Jj 
Kenneth Kreider, professor oij 
European history at Elizabeth-! 
town College. Tour price m 
$1,725 per person from New' 
York for double occupancy ($13(j 
more for single occupancy). j 

Brethren wanting more infer! 
mation about this tour shoulcj 
write to Kreider Friendshiij 
Tours, 1300 Sheaffer Roadi 
Elizabethtown, PA 17022. j 

The Brethren Evangelisj 


Cheyenne Brethren present quilt 
to Pastor and Mrs. Curtright 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — Members of 
I the Cheyenne Brethren Church 
presented a very special Christ- 
jmas gift to their pastor and his 
'wife, Rev. and Mrs. Albert Curt- 
i right, last December. It was a 
i quilt made by the ladies of the 

The gift was a "Friendship Love 
Quilt," and bore the names of all 
[who attend the Cheyenne Breth- 
ren Church. Ruth Larson organ- 
|ized the project and designed the 
i quilt. Mrs. Larson's daughter, 
'Mary Ann Coughenour, designed 
the center block — a picture of the 
Cheyenne church building. 

The ladies worked in secret 

throughout the summer piecing 
the quilt. Then Mrs. Larson set up 
the quilting frame in her home 
and the ladies quilted while the 
Curtrights were away at Confer- 
ence. One remark that was made 
during the quilting was, "How 
much Viola [Mrs. Curtright] 
would enjoy being at these fun 
meetings, as she enjoys our sewing 
sessions so much." 

The quilt was presented to the 
Curtrights on Sunday, December 
19, during the morning worship 
service. Along with the quilt, the 
Curtrights were presented a poem 
written by their daughter, Janenne 
Thomas, telling of the love and 

happiness that went into the mak- 
ing of the quilt. 

— reported by Alice M. Tharp 

Park Street member 
receives doctor's degree 

Ashland, Ohio — Roger D. Cal- 
hoon, a member of Ashland Park 
Street Brethren Church, recently 
received a doctor of biophysics de- 
gree from the University of Illinois. 

A 1972 graduate of Ashland 
High School, Roger was active in 
the Park Street youth group dur- 
ing his high school years. 

He is now engaged in post-doc- 
toral work at Harvard Medical 

In Memory 

Ray Humphreis, 71, February 15. Member of the 
New Lebanon Brethren Church. Services by Donald 
Rowser, pastor, and Lynn Mercer, assistant pastor. 

Helen N. Aspinall, 58, February 14. Mrs. Aspinall 
was the stepmother of Rev. Raymond Aspinall, Breth- 
ren missionary to Argentina. 

Dorothy Kingrey, 76, February 12. Member of the 
New Lebanon Brethren Church. Services by Donald 
Rowser, pastor, and Lynn Mercer, assistant pastor. 

Alma Sailor, 78, February 8. Member of the New 
Paris First Brethren Church. Services by Robert 
Bischof, pastor, and Rev. Woodrow Immel. 

Donald Coleman, February 4. Don and his wife 

JoAnn were former tentmakers in the home mission 

church at Cedar Falls, Iowa. They left their home in 

Mulvane, Kansas, and relocated in the Waterloo area 

I to help establish this new church. Memorial gifts 

ifor Gideon work may be sent to JoAnn Coleman, 341 

jCrestridge Drive, Waterloo, lA 50702 

I Carl J. Moser, 80, February 3. Member for 56 years 
'of the Waterloo First Brethren Church. Services by 
Ronald Waters, pastor. 

|Berl Marshall Brower, 60, January 30. Member for 
1 40 years and deacon of the Roann First Brethren 
I Church. Services by James and Jennifer Ray, pastors. 

' Dr. Lisle W. Roose, 58, January 14. Member of the 
;Nappanee First Brethren Church. Services by Alvin 
iShifflett, pastor. 

Helen L Brandenburg, 63, December 15. Charter 
March 1983 

member of the Town and Country Community Church 
(Tampa, Fla.) and former member of the Da)^ton Hill- 
crest Brethren Church. Services by Dale Ru Lon, pas- 
tor of the Town and Country Community Church. 


Glenn and Mary Cofftnan, 56th, March 2. Members 
of the Maurertown Brethren Church. 

Donald and Delia Walker, 62nd, February 24. Mem- 
bers of the Louisville First Brethren Church. 

Thelma and Raymond Douglass, 58th, January 25. 
Thelma a member of the Flora First Brethren Church. 
Raymond a member of the Flora Church of the Breth- 

Rev. and Mrs. Hays Logan, 57th, January 9. Mem- 
bers of the Linwood Brethren Church. 


Susan R. Lewis to John Michael Myers, December 
5, at St. Lukes Winters Church. Groom a member of 
the Linwood Brethren Church. 

Pam Wilczewski to Steve Malicoat, January 29, at 
the North Manchester First Brethren Church; Wood- 
row Immel, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Town and Country: 8 by baptism, 2 by transfer 
North Manchester: 4 by baptism 


Holyland Feature 


Keeping the Dead Sea Scrolls Alive 

Jerusalem — When a bored shep- 
herd boy, wandering with his flock 
along the Dead Sea, aimlessly 
threw a stone into a cave in the 
summer of 1947, he struck an 
archaeological treasure of price- 
less worth. Investigating a tinkle 
he heard from the cave, he found 
he had hit an old clay jar which 
contained a rolled parchment. 

That incident sparked the most 
momentous archaeological discov- 
ery of the 20th century. Further 
probes into the shoreline lime- 
stone caves, used as places of 
refuge in antiquity, turned up 
more jars and parchment scrolls. 
Eventually, biblical scholars had 
at their disposal the earliest bib- 
lical manuscripts ever found — 
1,000 years older than they had 
previously known. 

Besides the books of the Bible, 
there were commentaries on the 
Old Testament, apocryphal stories 
based on the Bible, and documents 
relating to the Essenes, an ascetic 
Jewish sect that lived in the Dead 
Sea area from the first century 
B.C. to the first century A.D. All 
of the scrolls were written in 
meticulously scripted Hebrew. 

Some Bible scholars had traced 
the roots of Christianity to the 

Essenes and even suggested that 
Jesus might have been a member 
of the sect. So it was natural that 
the experts pored over the Dead 
Sea Scrolls to find any hint of 
Jesus' affiliation. 

But understanding of the vari- 
ous implications of the centuries- 
old manuscripts was not the only 
challenge facing the scholars. A 
way had to be found to prevent 
further deterioration of the al- 
ready fragmentary parchments. 

After thirty years of study by 
Bible scholars and archaeologists 
of the contents of the scrolls and 
seven years of intensified scientific 
research on their preservation, 
some new findings have recently 
come to light. 

Was Jesus an Essene? 

Prof. Yigael Yadin of the He- 
brew University of Jerusalem, one 
of the first archaeologists to see 
the scrolls, has concluded that 
Jesus had not been an Essene. The 
writings found in the scrolls have 
convinced him, he says, that 
"Jesus did not live with the Es- 
senes because he could not agree 
with one iota of what they were 
teaching. For example, they 
thought purity was most impor- 

Qumram, the site near the Dead Sea where the Essenes lived and 
stored their precious writings. 

by Marlin Levin 

tant, but Jesus was in contact with 
lepers, prostitutes, impure people. 
Secondly, in Jesus' Sermon on the 
Mount (Matthew 5:43, 44), Jesus 
says, 'Ye have heard that it hath 
been said. Thou shalt love thy 
neighbor, and hate thine enemy. 
But I say unto you, love your 
enemies, bless them that curse 
you' . . . ." 

Yadin continues: "There can be 
no doubt that when Jesus told 
these people to love their enemy, 
he was preaching against the 
Essenes and their teachings. He 
was anti-Essene." 

The Essenes disappeared fromij 
history with the Roman conquest I 
of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. Left be- 1 
hind in eleven caves was their li-i 
brary which the Bedouin shepherd 
boy happened upon accidentally, j 

Today, the most important docu- i 
ments are ensconced in a specially : 
built vault room and shrine in the j 
center of Jerusalem. "The Shrine ! 
of the Book," located on thej 
grounds of Israel's national! 
museum, is one of Jerusalem's j 
most distinctive works of architec-j 
ture. I 

Dating deterioration of parchments ' 

For the Shrine's curator, Magen: 
Broshi, a veteran archaeologist,] 
the custodianship of the Western I 
world's most valuable archae-j 
ological documents is a heavy! 
responsibility. It is little wonder! 
that in 1975 he ordered a full-scale! 
scientific study of the condition oi 
the parchments. 

Says Broshi, "We wanted tcij 
know exactly what happens in thfi 
course of time to the parchment! 
material, why the parchment'; 
tend to deteriorate, how best the}; 
can be preserved, and not leas! 
whether they had deterioratetj 
since they were found in 1947." j 

The project landed in the la] I 
of a South African-born biogeoj 
chemist, Stephen Weiner. Now on 
the staff of Israel's prestigiou; 
Weizmann Institute of Science; 


The Brethren Evangelis 

Holyland Feature 

I Two of the pottery jugs in which 
Dead Sea Scrolls were found at 

' Weiner was trained at the Califor- 
' nia Institute of Technology. 

The puzzle that faced him and 

I his team of chemists and isotope 

! experts was unique. Never before 

ihad anyone tried to quantify the 

deterioration of a 2,000-year-old 

parchment. At first they tried 

'spectrophotometry on tiny blank 

pieces of the scrolls. They got 


Visually, it was obvious that the 

darker areas of the scrolls had de- 

Iteriorated. When they examined 

I those areas they found them to be 

gelatinous. By comparison, the 

i lighter areas of the parchment 

Iwere clean and healthy. Why had 

I some areas turned into gelatin 

while others had not? 

Weiner and his team turned to 
infrared examination. This showed 
them that in the darker portions 
the collagen of the parchment fi- 
bers had broken down. (Collagen 
is a fibrous protein existing in all 
Uving matter, and parchment is 
made from animal skin. When col- 
lagen comes in contact with heat 
and water it turns gelatinous.) 

Clearly, the deterioration had 
taken place because moisture had 
gotten to the parchment scrolls. 
But when? Rumors had been cir- 
culating among politically sensi- 
tive scholars that the deterioration 
had taken place while the docu- 
ments were in Israeli hands. Broshi 

was concerned. The outcome of 
the study could be politically 

One member of Weiner's team, 
Prof. Emanuel Gil-Av, was an 
authority on the use of a process 
known as racemization — the con- 
version of an organism's amino 
acids after its death. By studying 
the conversion with gas chroma- 
tography, it is possible to deter- 
mine the time when the conver- 
sion from one type of amino acid 
to another stopped. Gil-Av used 
the process to study moon rocks 
brought back to earth by the 
U.S. astronauts. 

Moon-rocks expert studies scrolls 

After careful work on pieces of 
the parchment, Gil-Av found an 
"extraordinarily high rate" of 
"right-handed" amino acids. Since 
such a high percentage takes hun- 
dreds of years to develop from 
"left-handed" acids, he concluded 
that the degradation of the parch- 
ment could not have possibly 
taken place during the relatively 
brief period in Israel's custody. 

Weiner's assessment: "The dam- 
age may even have begun while 
the scrolls were still being used by 
the Dead Sea sect, some two 
thousand years ago. We have 
found no evidence whatsoever 
that deterioration took place 
since they were taken from the 
caves (in 1947)." 

Broshi and the Shrine's direc- 
tors could now breathe easier. 
But they were taking no chances. 
They established a monitoring 
system to warn them if degrada- 
tion is resumed. Small samples 
of the parchment have been 
placed in various sections of the 
vaults. Periodically, they are 
sent to the Weizmann Institute 
for analysis. 

Broshi's staff keeps a daily 
watch on the scrolls. Every frag- 
ment — some of them no bigger 
than a dot — has been put between 
sheets of highly absorbent rice 
paper and laid between sheets of 
heavy cardboard. They are kept 
in complete darkness and at the 

most salubrious rate of humidity 
(between 50 and 55%). 

Authorities on the preservation 
of documents had suggested plac- 
ing the scrolls in glass filled with 
helium as has been done with 
the American Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. But the scrolls are too 
long for that. The complete book 
of the Prophet Isaiah is twenty- 
four feet. Moreover, the use of 
gas is designed to prevent bacteria 
from attacking the parchment. 
The real danger to the scrolls is 
not bacteria but degradation of the 

The 750,000 visitors who annu- 
ally tour the Shrine of the Book 
never see all the Dead Sea Scrolls. 
The Isaiah, for example, is shown 
only in facsimile in the Shrine's 
rotunda. Those that emerged from 
the Dead Sea caves in poor condi- 
tion will never see the light of day 
if Broshi has anything to do with 

Those on display ("The War of 
the Sons of Light and the Sons of 
Darkness," "The Habakkuk Com- 
mentary," and the Essenes' code of 
behavior called "The Manual of 
Discipline," among others) are suf- 
ficiently healthy to be shown. 

This partially rolled "Thanks- 
giving Scroll," one of the Dead Sea 
Scrolls, contains forty psalm-like 
hymns all starting with the words, 
"I thank thee, O Lord." 

March 1983 





is our March Emphasis. 


is our Current Need. 

Your help is essential if the Brethren witness 

around the world is to be maintained now and 

expanded in future years. 

Please give sacrificially to help supply the need. 
Give through your local church or send your gift to: 



o p 

t-t- o 



p- »■ p- 
E: CO (D 



CD r^ CO 

O «rr 

I— O 

I— -i 

CD t— 










Easter Morning 

When sunrise smites the mountains, 
Pouring light from heavenly fountains, 
Then the earth blooms out to greet 
Once again the blessed feet; 
f^nd her countless voices say: 
"Christ has risen on Easter Day!" 

Phillips Brooks 


T^^ The Brethren ^ • j 


^> April 1983 

Learning From Our Heritage 

by Dale R. Staffer 

Salvation: Baptism 

WE saw in my last article that the Brethren of 
the 1800's and early 1900's generally viewed 
salvation as a five-part process: repentance, faith, 
baptism, the forgiveness of sins, and the gift of 
the Holy Spirit (based on Acts 2:38 especially). 
Though not covering every aspect of salvation, 
this summary indicates the special emphases of 
the Brethren. In this article our focus will be upon 

A question we must consider at the outset is the 
relationship between baptism and salvation. Is 
baptism essential to salvation, as some groups 
hold? Or is it unimportant, something that is 
merely a personal choice, as other groups say? 

Scripture indicates that both of these extreme 
positions are incorrect. The case of the repentant 
thief on the cross (Lk. 23:39-43) shows that salva- 
tion is not dependent on baptism. On the other 
hand Jesus, Peter, and Paul (see Matt. 28:18-20; 
Acts 2:38; Rom. 6:3-11) all saw baptism as an im- 
portant practice, not to be overlooked or belittled. 

What is baptism's relation to salvation, then? 
Two New Testament passages shed light on this 
question. In Colossians 2:12 Paul states that in 
baptism we have been buried and raised with 
Christ. But Paul indicates it is not the action of 
baptism that makes this burial of the old nature 
and resurrection to new life a reality in our lives. 
Rather it is "faith in the power of God, who raised 
him [Jesus] from the dead" (Col. 2:12, NIV, em- 
phasis added). It is therefore the faith that is 
brought to baptism that is the crucial element. 

This same truth is repeated by Peter in I Peter 
3:21. In this verse Peter states: ". . . baptism now 
saves you — not the removal of dirt from the flesh, 
but an appeal [or pledge] to God for a good con- 
science — through the resurrection of Jesus Christ" 

Peter says that the important element of bap- 
tism is not the physical act of washing away dirt. 
What is crucial is the pledge of a good conscience 
toward God. This phrase can be understood to 
mean either "the pledge to God proceeding from a 
good conscience" or "the pledge to God to main- 
tain a good conscience." In either case, Peter is 
indicating that baptism is effective only because 
of the faith and obedience that is brought to and 
expressed in the act (this is why Brethren reject 

infant baptism). 

Beyond this, however, both Peter and Paul (in 
Col. 2:12) remind us that it is only because of the 
resurrection of Jesus Christ and the power of God 
which worked therein that baptism has any sig- 
nificance at all. 

Baptism, therefore, has two crucial sides, one 
human and one divine. From the human side, it is 
our faith and obedience which are the "active in- 
gredients" in baptism. (As Alexander Mack ex- 
pressed it, "Salvation is not dependent upon the 
water, but only upon the faith, which must be 
proved by love and obedience.") From God's side, 
it is His power and Christ's resurrection which 
are the guarantees that what is represented by, 
baptism is a reality. 

As Brethren, we have placed special emphasis 
on the importance of baptism. Two main argu- \ 
ments have been set forth historically as to why^ 
we should observe baptism. Probably the foremost 
argument has been that it was commanded or in- 
stituted by Christ Himself (Matt. 28:19). Baptismi 
is therefore a matter of obedience to Christ. Rejec-' 
tion of water baptism brings into question thei 
very nature of a person's faith (since obedience is 
an expression of faith). 

But there is a further reason for observing bap- 
tism which the Brethren of the last hundred years 
have given increasing prominence. Baptism, like; 
Communion, is a visible declaration of the essen-i 
tial truths of the gospel. When we are baptized,! 
we are visibly proclaiming in this act our belief in j 
the gospel. We declare the fact that Christ's death j 
and resurrection is the basis of our salvation. j 

Baptism not only is a portrayal of this truth,! 
but also represents our own death to our old self 
and our rising to new life in Christ (Rom. 6:3-11).: 
Water baptism is a declaration that we have now 
become a part of Christ's body through the inner' 
baptism of the Spirit. Finally, triune immersion is; 
a fitting portrayal of the mystery of the Trinity— 
that three persons compose the one Godhead. | 

Though baptism has been commanded by Jesus • 
let us never forget that this command, like all o:! 
God's commands, has great meaning behind it; 
Understanding the meaning of baptism shouk; 
cause us to be all the more obedient to the com| 
mand. [t i 

The Brethren Evangelis'j 

Serving The Brethren Church 
throughout its one hundred years. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 

: Editor: 

i Richard C. Winfield 


Alvin Shifflett 
Dale R. Stoffer 

Business Manager: 

Ronald W. Waters 
Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

'Published monthly for The Brethren 
j Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
jpany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 
j 44805-3792. 

jOne year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
j 100% church lists: $8.75 for church lists of 
1 5 or more names: $9.50 for individual sub- 

Single-copy price: 80c 
1 Change of address: Please notify us at 
I least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
dress from back of magazine and send 
' with new address. 

.Authors' views are not necessarily those 
'of The Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written re- 

'Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
Icome. However, the publisher assumes 
ino responsibility for return of unsolicited 

material not accompanied by a stamped, 

self-addressed envelope. 

Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

I Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
j College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792. 
'Member, Evangelical Press Association 


Sunrise on Easter morning is a 
special time of joy for Christians. 
\For it was at the time of the ris- 
\ing of the sun on the first Easter 
that several women went to 
\ Jesus' tomb and learned from 
the angel that "He is not here! 
He is risen!" 

April 1983 

Vol. 105, No. 4 

April 1983 

4 Nazarene's Tomb Found Empty! 

An account of Jesus' resurrection as today's newspaper jour- 
nalist might write it. 

6 Ministering in a Non-Growth Community 

George W. Solomon shares ways in which the Milledgeville, 
Illinois, First Brethren Church is ministering to a non-growth 

8 Catching a Vision for World Missions 

John Maust interviews Dr. Ralph D. Winter, considered by 
many to be the leading missions strategist in the world today. 



12 What Happens . . . When Volunteers Go! 

True accounts of ways in which domestic disaster relief work- 
ers have helped victims of disasters, shared by R. Jan 

Brethren Compassion, Prayers, and Offerings 
at Work Through World Relief 

Reports from various parts of the world of how money given to 
World Relief is being used to help those in need. 

Of Such Is the Kingdom 

Jerry Ballard tells how a chance encounter with a tiny tot in 
Haiti became a moment of love. 

17 Tools for World Relief Emphasis 

Resources that Brethren congregations can use when plan- 
ning World Relief events in the local church. 



2 Learning From Our Heritage 

5 The Salt Shaker 
19 Update 



Nazarene's Tomb Found Empty! 

What would be your reaction if this was the 
headline of your local newspaper? Jesus was 
the talk of the century during His day. 
Today's journalist might write the following 

* * Jf: 

Jerusalem, April 3, A.D. 30 — Golgotha, the 
Jerusalem suburb where Jesus of Nazareth 
was crucified last Friday, became the center 
of excitement today as reports of the 
Nazarene's alleged "resurrection" swept the 
Jewish community. 

The tomb of Joseph of Arimathea in which 
the body of Jesus was placed was found 
empty this morning by three of Jesus' follow- 
ers. A heavy circular granite stone, which 
had been placed in front of the tomb to seal it 
against thieves, had been rolled away. 

Inside, the tomb was lacking in the disor- 
der normally left by grave robbers. The linen 
grave clothes were found lying like a shell, 
still retaining the shape of the body, and the 
napkin that had been about the dead man's 
head was neatly folded and laid aside. 

Outside the tomb, a circle of Roman sol- 
diers kept the curious crowds back. Jeru- 
salem is presently filled with a crowd of visi- 
tors attending the annual Passover celebra- 
tion at the Temple. According to one soldier, 
"His [Jesus'] disciples stole the body while 
we slept." 

At Pilate's palace, the same story was 
given. However, an unidentified soldier told 
reporters the chief priests and elders had 
bribed the soldiers to say Jesus' disciples 
stole the body. 

The above "news article" is reprinted by permis- 
sion from The Paper (Vol. 4, No. 39), published 
in Goshen, Ind. The introduction and conclusion 
were written by Rev. Dan Gray, pastor of the First 
Brethren Church of Elkhart, Ind., and first ap- 
peared with the "news article" in the Elkhart 
church newsletter. 

The picture of an empty tomb is a photograph of 
"The Garden Tomb," located outside the old city 
walls of Jerusalem. It is probably not the tomb 
Jesus was buried in, but illustrates the type of 
tomb that was used. The picture was taken by Dr. 
Delbert Flora. 


The disciples denied the charges. Located I 
in an obscure upper room, they declared, 
with calmness, that Jesus had risen from the 
grave and appeared to them. 

"He had told us many times," the disciples 
said, "that he would resurrect himself on the 
third day. But we didn't believe it. We were 
bewildered and bereaved at his crucifixion. 
Our dreams were shattered. Then he came to \ 
us — alive!" 

According to the disciples, Jesus entered! 
the upper room where they had been hiding] 
from the Jews and convinced them he wasj 
not simply a spirit, but a flesh-and-blood ! 
man returned from the grave. 

Meanwhile, the city of Jerusalem is seeth- 
ing with speculation. While some doubt the 
disciples' story, the conviction spreads that 
this man, once called the Lamb of God, has 
risen from the grave and is Israel's long- 
promised Messiah. Jewish priests and elders 
at the Temple refused to comment on the 


* * * 

The important fact about Jesus' death and 
resurrecti n is that it is just as real in 1983 as 
it was in \.D. 30. The resurrection of Christ 
has not lost its power or effect. 

Christ is still the talk of the century, and 
journalists are still writing about Him. 

Jesus Is Alive! He Is Alive Today! Praise 
God! Let Him live in your life. [f]\ 

The Brethren Evangelisti 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Living the Resurrection 

THE RESURRECTION of Jesus Christ has 
to be the most earthshaking, mind- 
boggling news ever to hit this planet. I'm not 
even sure we can confine it to our planet. I 
suspect that the triumphant shout of the 
angels on Resurrection Morning still rever- 
berates through the galaxies. 

This news is the cornerstone of the church. 
On Easter Sunday we go to great cost and ef- 
fort to proclaim this truth. If you open your 
paper to the church news section on the 
Saturday before Easter, you will see a multi- 
tude of programs that emphasize "He Arose." 
Sometimes I think we're at a loss as how to 
title it differently, as if "He's Alive" isn't suf- 

Frankly, I think the world couldn't care 
less about our Good News. The world is bent 
toward hell. The media are too busy covering 
sports and Middle East problems, or national 
budget problems, etc. I can understand why, 
for it makes sense to cover "earthshattering" 

The ancient media covered the trial of 
Jesus and His crucifixion, but the powers 
that be relegated the "alleged" resurrection 
to the back page. After all, who would be- 
lieve such a thing? The authorities even paid 
the soldiers to keep the news of a missing 
body to themselves. No sense in exciting the 

But they could not contain the news that 
He arose anymore than they could contain 
His body in a sealed and guarded tomb. This 
news didn't remain long on the back pages, 
buried in the far right-hand corner. Fifty 
days after Christ's resurrection, it was front 
page stuff again! 

What made the difference? Can we com- 
pare the religion of those early Christians 
with our religion? In print, we profess the 
same thing. But on the street, where things 
happen, there is little comparison. They 
turned towns and provinces upside down. In 
Ephesus they made such an impact on the 

devil's trade that it caused a riot. The Roman 
Empire was so moved that the Caesars is- 
sued edicts against the Christians. 

I surmise that the major difference be- 
tween their religion and ours is that they 
meant it. The Christianity they professed 
walked in sandals. The phonies were soon 
weeded out, for when the going got rough 
the faithful got growing. And multiplying. 
Frankly, there was no way to stop them. 
Their religion was like a contagious disease. 
It just kept spreading. It goes to show that 
truth is not held back by lack of money or ab- 
sence of influential people. 


/ surmise that the major difference 
between their rehgion and ours is 
that they meant it." 

We trek to our churches on Easter Sunday 
to sing, "Christ Arose." But do we really 
mean it? I think we do. Brethren are basi- 
cally good Christian people. But we're a lot 
like a person who's overweight — we're slug- 
gish. The doctor tells us we must lose weight, 
but it's tough with so many good restaurants 
around — and they have the best salad bars. 

The point is, we Brethren have the re- 
sources — both money and talent. But I'm not 
sure we're using them. When Moses needed 
gold and silver and precious linen to build 
the Tabernacle, he asked for it. A wilderness 
love offering. The people gave so much that 
the Bible says that Moses had to restrain the 
people in their giving. Wouldn't it be terrific 
if our Missionary Board would be forced to 
issue this statement: "Please refrain from 
giving till next year, as we now have more 
money than missionaries"? 

I wonder, if all Brethren were suddenly re- 
moved from the face of the earth, would 
others say, "Those were the people who 
turned the world upside down"? Or would 
they say, "We'll miss them, for they were our 
best customers at the salad bar"? [f] 


April 1983 

photographs by Marjorie Peoples 

The Milledgeville, Illinois, First Brethren Church Building. 

Ministering in a Non-Growth Community 

by George W. Solomon 

THREE and one-half years ago I moved 
from the rapidly growing city of Derby, 
Kansas, to the relatively stable community 
of Milledgeville, Illinois. In Derby, 300 to 
400 new families moved into the community 
each year. In Milledgeville, three or four new 
families a year would be close to the norm. 
While Derby was a community of transients, 
with a couple hundred families moving out 
each year, there were always the new 
families to call on and minister to, since the 
city was constantly growing. By contrast, 
Carroll County, in which Milledgeville is lo- 
cated, had a net loss in population over the 
past decade. 

While serving in Derby, I shared with you 
ways of ministering that we found productive 
for church growth in a growing community. 
For some time, now, I have felt led of the 
Lord to share ways we are seeking to minis- 
ter to more and more people in the non- 
growth community of Milledgeville. Since a 
number of other Brethren churches are also 
located in older, non-growth communities, 

Rev. Solomon is pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of Milledgeville, Illinois. 

perhaps what I share here will challenge 
pastors and members of these congregations 
to try some new approaches for the glory of 
God and the advancement of the cause of 
Christ through The Brethren Church. 

One of the basic requirements for the kind 
of ministry I am referring to is a focus on 
others. Many Brethren churches I am ac- 
quainted with have inverted vision — their 
eyes are always focused on themselves. They 
are concerned almost solely with ministries 
that are directed toward the membership of 
the local church. Certainly we must care for 
our own people. We must minister to the 
saints (and to those who are not so saintly at 
times). But we need a vision and concern like 
our Lord's — that extends into the community 
and around the world. Some of our smaller, 
rural churches could have much greater 
ministries if they would lift up their eyes and 
look upon the vast harvest fields that lie out- 
side the local church. They must find some 
need not being met by another church or or- 
ganization and prayerfully seek to make it 
their ministry. 

The people in Milledgeville have been de- 
veloping that kind of vision. I want to share 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Pastor Solomon (left) and technician Marvin Peugh in 
the church's studio where Brethren Moments is taped. 

with you some things we are doing as a re- 
sult of this Christian concern for ministering 
to others. 

One fruit of this vision has been the 
church's sponsorship of Brethren Moments, 
a quarter-hour program of gospel music and 
message that is aired over WSDR, a secular 
radio station. Each program includes about 
seven minutes of music, a seven-minute mes- 
sage that I present, and one minute of an- 
nouncements. Marvin Peugh, our technician, 
and I tape these programs each week in a 
small recording room at the church. Then the 
tape is dropped off at the radio station, which 
airs the program each Saturday evening dur- 
ing prime time — right after the local news. 
WSDR reaches out over most of five counties, 
with an estimated listening audience of 
50,000 persons. 

This radio ministry was begun by the 
former pastor, Rev. James Black, and has 
now completed its eighth year. It has become 
more expensive over the years ($3,500 a year 
at present), but the Milledgeville people 
maintain their vision and continue to sup- 
port this work with their gifts and their 

Brethren Manor is a ministry of the Milledgeville First Brethren 
Church providing low-cost housing to the elderly. 

prayers. As a result, I am constantly meeting 
people from all walks of life who tell me that 
they listen regularly to our broadcast. 

Brethren Manor has been another suc- 
cessful outreach ministry of our church. The 
seeds for this housing ministry for the el- 
derly began to sprout in the early 1970's, 
when the Central District of The Brethren 
Church considered the project. The district 
was never able to bring the project to frui- 
tion, but the possibility of a local church 
sponsoring such a home remained alive in 

In 1977 two events occurred simultane- 
ously that provided the impetus for the Mil- 
ledgeville Brethren to move ahead with this 
ministry to lower income citizens: (1) The 
means of financing the project became avail- 
able, and (2) a desirable location near the 
church was offered for sale. Believing this to 
be the awaited opportunity, a non-profit cor- 
poration composed of members of the Mil- 
ledgeville Brethren Church was chartered to 
proceed with management details. 

After three years and some discouraging 
delays, a new building was dedicated in the 
fall of 1980. Today this attractive, eight- 
apartment, brick building is serving the com- 
munity. It is filled with local low-income re- 
sidents who enjoy being near both the church 
and downtown Milledgeville. The project has 
been blessed and continues to operate 

For a number of years our church has been 
the meeting place of the Good News Club 
in Milledgeville. Each Monday immediately 
after school 20 to 30 children from the com- 
munity come to the church for one hour of 
Bible teaching, singing, and learning about 
the way of salvation in Jesus Christ. God has 
given Mrs. Keith (Alberta) Wilkinson, the di- 
rector of the ministry, a real burden for chil- 
dren. She has taught in our 
Sunday school since she was a, 
teenager. Many children have 
come to accept Christ as their 
personal savior through the 
ministry of our Good News 
Club (six accepted Christ dur- 
ing November 1982, the month 
before I wrote this article). 

Although our church is lo- 
cated in a non-growth commu- 
nity, we find that our people 
are financially able and will- 
ing, when properly challenged, 
to reach out. The Milledgeville 
(continued on next page) 

April 1983 



This house, located next to the church building, is 
owned by the Milledgeville congregation and offers 
the possibility of an outreach ministry to youth. 

Brethren Church has increased its total giv- 
ing to missions and benevolences by more 
than 100% in the past three years. We be- 
lieve that through such giving we can minis- 
ter to an ever-growing number of people, 
even though our Sunday school and worship 
attendances remain rather stable. 

I am pleased and proud to be the pastor of 
a church with such vision! 

I have another vision which I have not 
shared with many people yet. A large home 
next to the church building (between the 
church and Brethren Manor) was put on the 
market a little over a year ago. We pur- 
chased it, not knowing for sure how we 
might use it. At present it is being rented. 
But the vision I have is for a Christian 
youth center for our community. No details 
have been worked out yet. No money is yet 
available. But I am dreaming and praying. 
In time the Lord will make His will known 
and provide the means. 

Your church may not have exactly the 
same opportunities for ministry that the 
Milledgeville Brethren Church has. But if it 
gets a vision for reaching out — for reaching 
people without being concerned about 
"What's in it for us?" — I am sure it will find 
needs and opportunities for Christian minis- 
try in your community. And remember, there 
is also that great big world beyond your com- 
munity that desperately needs the gospel! 

The writer of Proverbs said, "Where there 
is no vision, the people perish . . . ." And 
Jesus said, "Go ye into all the world . . . ." [t] 

Has your church found effective ways to minister 
to your community? If so, contact the editor of the 
Evangelist. We would like to share your story 
with the Brethren. 


An Inteii 

T^ALPH WINTER was preparing a paper 
XT/ for a 1974 world congress on missions 
when he ran across some statistics that star- 
tled, even shocked, him. 

He discovered that roughly 2.4 billion 
people in the world were beyond the reach of 
existing missions and national churches. 
While these people comprised some 84 percent 
of the world's non -Christians, Winter found 
that only 10 percent of the world's mis- 
sionaries were trying to reach them. 

What an imbalance! Winter left the faculty 
of the Fuller School of World Mission in 1976 
and devoted himself to the cause of reaching 
these 2.4 billion — the so-called unreached 

He founded the U.S. Center for World Mis- 
sion in Pasadena, California, which is a 
cooperative mission base in which 42 agen- 
cies are involved. The Center is a catalyst 
for missions to the frontiers, and Winter, 
generally regarded as the leading missions 
strategist in the world today, has seen con- 
cern for frontier missions spread to even 
the most traditional evangelical mission 

Former missionary to Guatemala, Navy 
veteran, innovator, master of the turn of 
phrase, Winter consented to an interview in 
his Pasadena office with Brethren mission- 
ary and writer John Maust. A distillation 
of that interview follows, with the hope 
that Brethren will be able to grasp, and per- 
haps catch, a bit of Winter's vision for world 

Mr. Maust lives in Pasadena, 
Calif, where he serves with Rev. 
Juan Carlos Miranda in Brethren 
Hispanic work in Pasadena and 


The Brethren Evangelist 

ision for World Missions 

with Dr. Ralph D. Winter 

Interviewed by John Maust 

How did you first get interested in missions? 

I don't think I ever did get interested in 
missions, as such. Even when I was a "mis- 
sionary," I didn't consider myself a mission- 
ary, but just a Christian at work for the 

I grew up at Lake Avenue Congregational 
Church (Pasadena). I heard a missionary ser- 
mon once a month on Sunday night. There 
were some slides. A real missionary was 
there. This was a faithful emphasis on the 
part of the church, and they always gave 
fifty percent of the budget to missions. I 
never questioned the validity of the cause. 
The question was not of my call to missions, 
but the guidance: Where in the cause will I 

How do you define missions, then? 

For me, missions is going where the gospel 
has not been preached and making that first 
beachhead. Now that first beachhead might 
take 10 or 12 years. I've never been a mis- 
sionary in that sense, but now more than 
ever I'm a part of a missionary cause, be- 
cause this center in every square foot is de- 
voted to those breakthroughs. 

What about missionaries presently working 
with national churches and not in frontier 
missions? Are they somehow second class? 

As I said at the IFMA meetings, being 
alive to the frontiers in our church work is 
; just as urgent and as high a priority as actu- 
! ally sending somebody. I think it's more im- 
s portant in a way to arouse the missionary 
• fervor of the overseas churches than it is to 
send more American missionaries. 

The role of the mission agency is to repro- 
duce itself. It wins souls, it follows up, it 
; plants churches, only as the means to an end 
to create another missions sending base. 
j Until the national church becomes a mission- 
! ary church, the mission's job has not been 

Dr. Ralph Winter 

How do you find the level of missions inter- 
est in evangelical congregations today? 

I've been in many churches where nobody, 
or only the gray-haired people, believed in 
missions. The rest of the people honestly just 
didn't really know what it was about. I can 
think of one large evangelical church in the 
Midwest where there is no missionary vision 
whatsoever in the younger sphere. Only the 
gray-haired people believed in missions. 

Why is that? 

My own theory is that we haven't been 
talking about what I consider missions to be. 
We talk about getting along with the na- 
tional church. Well, people just aren't so ex- 
cited about the struggles of getting along 
with the national church. 

This is why Wycliffe has become one of the 
largest boards, because their work is not cen- 
tered on how to get along with the national 
church. Wycliffe sends more missionaries 
than all of the 32 member-denominations of 

{continued on next page) 

April 1983 


the National Council of Churches put to- 

What is the greatest barrier to missions in- 
volvement in the local church? 

I was speaking in a church yesterday 
where it was perfectly obvious that once a 
year they were going to have a missions con- 
ference. Missions has got to be daily. That's 
why something like our daily 
prayer guide is so powerful. 
It just blows people apart. 

I also think one of the 
greatest problems is de- 
featism, hopelessness, pes- 
simism. Prophets of doom in 
the secular world have done 
us in, when in actual fact the 
cause of missions is one of 
history's runaway greatest 

And what does not make 
sense is that you can't tell 
people about it. True or not, 
it makes no sense, and so 
they don't believe it. It just 
bounces off. I tell them 500 
colleges and universities in 
Africa and Asia are there be- 
cause of missions. Eighty-five 
percent of the schools in 
Africa are there because of missions 
could that be? 

It's the sheer miraculousness of the cause. 
I had to sit down a couple years ago at a 
Christian gathering on a South Korean air- 
strip and look out at three million people to 
believe it. There were 700,000 converts the 
first night. It was hardly even mentioned in 
Christianity Today. How could such an event 

Explain your feelings on what is being done 
to follow through on young people who've ex- 
pressed an interest in missions? 

Missions is the hardest professional world 
to get into because it's completely out of 
sight. It doesn't spend a lot of money for pub- 
lic relations, and every other profession 
young people go into is because they run into 
people who are in that profession. But mis- 
sionaries don't work here. They work some- 
place else. And there are thousands of 
churches that have never seen a missionary 
even at a distance. 

Who is doing a good job in terms of follow- 

Well, every agency does a good job with its 
own candidates. But pre-candidate programs 
do not exist. More than two thousand stu- 


"JVe been in 
many churches 
where nobody, 
or only the 
people, believed 
in missions. 
The rest of 
the people 
honestly just 
didn't really 
know what it 
was abouf^ 


dents have gone through our so-called 
Institute of International Studies with its 
course, "Understanding the World Christian 
Movement." About one-third of those stu- 
dents are overseas in missions today, another 
one-third are headed in that direction, and 
the rest are actively involved in missions 
in their home churches. 

But just giving people a 
platform on which they can 
make that decision is the 
purpose of the course. It has 
never been our purpose to 
make missionaries out of our 
students. I think maybe we're 
being a little bit too success- 
ful. I wish not quite so many 
were going into missions. 
What do you mean? 
Well, we need people to 
build the cause itself. Why 
am I not an overseas mission- 
ary? Only because I believe 
there are missing bridges in 
the background of the over- 
seas striking force. Of course, 
the mission field isn't all 
overseas anyway. 

Young people around here 
always gasp when I say, "If I 
had 1,000 college graduates in front of me 
who'd say, 'Send me anywhere,' I'd tell all of 
them to stay home." Then, while they're 
catching their breath, I say, "Now if I have 
2,000 who are telling me that, I would tell 
1,000 to stay home, because I think that's 
about all we need to stay home and rebuild 
the infrastructure." 

I think I could tell you of a time in Trinity 
Seminary when there were five young men 
determined to rebuild the missions support 
mechanism, the guidance system, the deliv- 
ery system. All five finally gave up and went 
to the field. I'm convinced that this set back 
the cause of missions ten years. I spent one 
night until twelve o-clock trying to persuade 
two of them not to go. 

But don't you cry out for more missionaries 
here at the U.S. Center? 

All I can say is that the best comparison is 
to a wartime situation. If you go to the re- 
cruiting office and say, "I want to go to the 
front line," they'd say, "Wait a minute. You 
don't tell us where you want to go." For every 
person who gets to the front, 450 people 
stand in a support line behind him. And the 
people on the front will not be replaced un- 
less somebody rebuilds this apparatus. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Do you realize what proportion of all our 
overseas missionaries will retire within the 
next ten years? I would say it's well over fifty 
percent. It's called the retirement avalanche. 
Everybody knows it's coming, but no one 
knows the exact dimensions. Under the pres- 
ent circumstances, it's just folly to suppose 
that the existing delivery system can handle 
the job. We'd have to recruit 
25,000 missionaries just to 
stand still. 

When you talk about re- 
building the missions infra- 
structure, are you talking 
about having missions execu- 
tives who are concerned 
about frontier missions? 

No. I do not think we need 
to talk as though the mission 
agencies are ill-prepared. 
Scratch a mission agency, and it's a pioneer 
outfit. The fundamental verbiage in their 
charters in almost every case is pioneer in 

It's what I call pre-penetration activity 
versus post-penetration: planting and re- 
plenishing the mission vision. 

Michael Pocock of the Evangelical Alliance 

Prophets of doom 
in the secular 
world have done us 
in, when in actual 
fact the cause of 
missions is one of 
history *s runaway 
greatest achieve- 

Mission gave his major address at the IFMA 
meeting on recruitment for the frontiers. Al- 
most every paragraph alluded to the fact 
that young people are not interested in any- 
thing else. He told the mission executives not 
to panic, that all of them have at least some 
frontier work. While young people may say 
they're only willing to be frontier mission- 
aries, basically they don't 
want to go with an organiza- 
tion that doesn't recognize 
the frontiers. They'll proba- 
bly be perfectly happy to do 
other things as long as they 
know that we're aware of the 
frontiers, Pocock said. And 
after saying that, you could 
see one hundred missions 
executives sigh in relief. 
At the last session of the 
IFMA meeting, one of the older, respected 
men got up and said, "You know, what this 
meeting has done for me is to prove that this 
frontier emphasis is not a flash in the pan. It 
is here to stay." You can't believe what a 
thrill it was for me to hear that, and what a 
significant change in perspective that was in 
that man. [t] 

ATS 1,000 

A broad-based, innovative strategy designed 
to generate support for the Ashland Theological 
Seminary Endowment Fund. 

The Need: Rising costs, escalating energy costs, in- 
flation, unexpected demand on institutional re- 
sources combine to make mounting financial pres- 
sure on those preparing for the ministry. 

The Response: Expansion of the Seminary Endow- 
ment Fund is both timely and urgent. The interest 

generated from the Endowment will preserve the 
distinctives of ATS and provide the additional re- 
sources to train men and women for ministry. 

The Action: Persons who believe in the Seminary 
are called to action. By working together, thousands 
of dollars will be raised for scholarships. Through the 
Endowment they will be providing the funds so des- 
perately needed. 

The Goal: ATS 1000 is seeking $100,000. That's 
100 persons pledging $1,000.00 over the next four 
years. The potential is present; the need is real. 
Pray that the challenge is met. 

_Cli£ Here 


YES, I wish to join ATS 1 ,000 and support the Ash- 
land Seminary Endowment Fund by investing: 

D $1 ,000 or more within four years 

n $4,000 or more for business/organizational 

D I will assist also in recruiting new ATS 1,000 

Please print or type: 



City, state, zip 



Total pledge $ 


Individual, Memorial, Honorary 

D Annually ($250) 

D Semi-annually ($125) 

D Quarterly ($62.50) 

D Monthly ($20.84) 

D Other 


D Annually ($1 ,000) 
D Semi-annually ($500) 
D Quarterly ($250) 
D Monthly ($83.34) 
D Other 

Date payment will start 

Please make checks payable to Ashland Seminary. 

Send to: Ashland Theological Seminary 
910 Center St. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

April 1983 


World Relief 

Domestic Disaster Relief 


When Volunteers GO! 

Domestic Disaster Relief is a program 
whereby Brethren can offer aid to the victims 
of floods, tornadoes, hurricanes, mud slides, 
fires, etc., here in the United States. Projects 
include cleaning up debris, caring for young 
children, "mudding out," rebuilding, etc. — as 
well as offering financial aid. But most of all, 
ifs another meaningful way to minister in the 
name of Jesus Christ. 

The following true accounts are shared 
with us by R. Jan Thompson, Disaster Co- 
ordinator for the Church of the Brethren. 
Phil Lersch, Chairman 
Brethren World Relief Board 

Blind Minister and Wife 

Following a disaster, this pastor and his 
wife (who was confined to a wheelchair) paid 
a contractor all of their insurance settlement 
to repair their roof and then found out the 
roof still leaked. When the contractor refused 
to return to fix the roof, volunteers worked 
two days repairing the roof and providing a 
dry home once again. 


A woman, mother of five grown children, 
was divorced by her physician husband. 
Friendless, when her home was flooded by 
water higher than window and door headers, 
she began to drink and retreat from the 
world. Volunteers who went to assist were 
greeted by a very unstable woman. 

Within two days the volunteers had com- 
pleted dry walling the house and began to 
paint the walls. The woman also helped. The 
presence of volunteers gave her a new lease 
on life, and at last report she had moved 
from a trailer into her house and was gener- 
ally able to function and to begin working as 
a nurses' aid. Not only was a house remod- 
eled, but a person was salvaged as well. 


Tornado Victim 

This thank you note was received after the 
volunteers did their work and left Wichita 
Falls, Texas: "Thanks and Grod bless each of 
you who left your home and families and 
came from every direction to give your tirne . 
and love to people who lost their homes and | 
belongings in the April tornado. I know the 
Lord sent you in answer to our prayers. We 
have seen more love and fellowship than i 
ever before in our lives. I never knew there ■ 
were so many sweet unselfish people, and we 
felt so close to all of you. We are back in our ! 
home now at last and we know that it was i 
due to your help and time given. We could j 
never have done it without you. Praise God i 

for people like you." j 


Paraplegics i 

Betty and Jake, both paraplegics, lived in ) 
a mobile home park that was flooded. When j 
the flooding first began, neighbors tried to , 
rescue them but were unable to take them 
and their wheelchairs in the small boat they I 
were using. Betty and Jake were told that a j 
larger boat would be sent to rescue them. 

Jake saw the large boat approaching, but 
when it was three mobile homes away, he 
saw the boat swamped by a huge wave and 
the would-be rescuers swept downstream, 
swimming for their lives. The water line rose 
to six feet or more in their home. Betty was 
able to crawl up on the couch and, by sitting I 
on the back, she was above the water. Jake 
put pillows under himself and kept elevating j 
himself as the water rose. The water stopped j 
at his chin. The next morning he was able to I 
take some bread wrapping and make a| 
streamer, which he tied to a broom handle. { 
He waved the streamer out the window until j 
someone saw it moving. Rescue came after i 
they had been in the water twelve hours. I 


The Brethren Evangelist! 


Jake was self-employed in a sign making 
and lettering business. All of his cameras 
and letter engraving equipment were muddy. 
But volunteers assisted Betty and Jake in 
salvaging some of their personal belongings 
and some equipment so Jake could remain 
self-employed. The mobile home was not sal- 
vagable. But volunteers also gave needed en- 
couragement to people rebuilding their lives. 

Flood Victim 

A woman in Jackson, Mississippi, stood in 
the driveway of her flooded home talking 
with a disaster volunteer. Other volunteers 
were carrying out furniture ruined by the 
flood. She said, "I know we are not supposed 
to place value on material possessions, but 
we have been married for 17 years. We saved 
for I6V2 years for that dining room suite, and 
just six months ago we completed the set 
with the purchase of that buffet. There goes 
I6V2 years of my life." 

At that moment the volunteer put his arm 
around her and together they shared tears 
and held each other. At a later time, that 
would have been inappropriate, but at that 
moment the volunteer was saying, "I care 
about you and what's happening to you." 

Person to Person 

Swiss Federal Counsellor Wahlen said this 
in 1963 when he was given an award: "... all 
the State subsidies in the world will never 
be able to replace the warmth of assistance 
rendered by one individual, one human being 
to another. Help given by the State is usu- 
ally anonymous and lacking in human com- 
passion. It is man alone by his personal char- 
ity who can really bring succour to his neigh- 
bor in need. Without the individual who of- 
fers bread to the hungry, who cares for the 
sick, who brings help to the refugees and dis- 
aster victims, all assistance is devoid of 

To Sum It Up 

You and I are called to follow the example of 
God's Son who came and lived among us. He 
preached the good news to the poor, he healed 
the sick, but most of all, he became a servant 
to the people . . . even to the point of death. 

If you want to learn more about oppor- 
tunities to serve through Domestic Disaster 
Relief, contact your pastor or write to Phil 
Lersch (6301 56th Avenue, North, St. 
Petersburg, Florida, 33709). [tl 


All-Conference Banquet 

About 350 attended the World Relief - 
sponsored All -Conference Banquet last 
August at Ashland. Participants com- 
pleted World Relief activities, served 
each other an oriental meal, observed a 
multi-media presentation, listened to a 
speaker, and became involved in a clos- 
ing drama. World Relief came closer 

April 1983 

World Relief 

Attractive posters, 
informative free lit- 
erature, and impres- 
sive pictures greet 
attenders at each 
General Conference. 



Reports gleaned from Touching, a quarterly pub- 
lication of World Relief Corporation of NAE. 

Brethren offerings are channeled to WRC for distribution to these and their many 
other ministries throughout the world. If you would like to receive Touching (free of 
charge) to keep up to date, send your request to Box WRC, Wheaton, III. 60187. 



World Relief distributed over 
$15,000 in emergency food, 
bedding, and aid for medical 
care to war victims in Lebanon 
last fall. A consortium of 
evangelical agencies is also 
providing building materials, 
technical advice, and spiritual 
counsel to homeless villagers 
at seven sites. 

Hong Kong 

"Love Buckets," containing 
personal items, clothing, and 
Christian literature, are 
distributed to arriving 
refugees. A Christian and 
Missionary Alliance pastor 
reports, "While we were there, 
two young men who had 
received love buckets earlier in 
the day came to an evening 
service where they dedicated 
their lives to Christ." 

That missionary pastor, in 
Vietnam and Hong Kong, has 
since joined the WRC staff 
because that experience taught 
him the importance of helping 
people's physical needs so they 
could receive the spiritual 
message shared by 
missionaries and local 
Christians. He says, "As we 
reach out to people where they 
really hurt, that opens doors 
for us in other areas." 



Nicaraguan refugee children 


Each month 250 tons of food 
crosses rough seas, stormy 
skies, and muddy roads en 
route to 12,000 Nicaraguan 
refugees in the Mocoron camp 
in the remote swamplands of 
northern Honduras. October 
1983 is targeted for the last 
delivery of food to these 
refugees. By that time, it is 
thought, they will live on 
permanent plots where they 
can harvest their own food. 
Medical shipments, however, 
will continue as long as 

Upper Volta 

Grain yields are greatly 
increased by offering Voltan 
farmers credit toward the 

purchase of a pair of oxen and 
a plow. The plows allow 
farmers to plant their crops in 
deeper, more productive 
furrows than the shallow holes 
traditionally dug by hand — 
thus providing more moisture 
for the seeds. Oxen speed the 
process so that farmers can 
cultivate additional land. In 
return, the farmers have 
agreed to pay back the cost of 
the plow and oxen within five 
years. The money will go into 
a revolving credit fund so that 
other farmers can purchase 

World Relief requires 
farmers to attend agricultural 
training sessions so they know 
how to use the equipment and 
care for the animals. The 
leaders of the projects are 
Christians, so they are able to 
share their faith with others. 


Since the onset of the 
Afghan crisis, World Relief has 
channeled more than $60,000 
to help meet the needs of 
refugees in Pakistan. In 
cooperation with other 
agencies, wheat flour, tents, 
and blankets have been 
distributed. WRC plans to 
contribute $50,000 to an 
expanded aid and medical 
program beginning in 1983, 


The Brethren Evangeli 

Northern India 

During heavy monsoon rains, 
an estimated 1,000 villagers 
I were killed and another 10 
I million were affected by loss of 
1 crops, homes, or cattle. WRC 
distributed emergency supplies 
totaling $18,000 through 
I Evangelical Fellowship of India 
! Commission on Relief 

I Kenya 

A mobile clinic, operated 
with a World Relief grant, 
I helped reduce preventable 
! diseases by 80% among the 
I Turkana people. Africa Inland 
Church nurses paid monthly 
visits to several sites in a 37- 
mile radius, immunizing 
children, teaching basic 
sanitation, and leading 
evangelism classes. As a result. 

Skip a Lunch, Feed a Bunch 

The "Skip a Lunch, Feed a 
Bunch" hunger awareness 
program of the World Relief 
Corporation netted $219,200 
during its first year of operation. 

More than 1,280 churches 
(some of them Brethren) took 
part in this venture featuring 
miniature lunch bucket banks. 
By January, 97,166 banks had 
been distributed. 

Participants were encouraged 
to skip lunch and donate the 
price of the meal to World Relief 
during a specified period — 
usually from four to six weeks. 
However, some students raked 
leaves, cleaned garages, and did 
baby sitting. Another gave 
money collected at Halloween 
trick or treating. And another 
sacrificed pizza to eat peanut 
butter sandwiches in order to 
have money for her lunch bucket 

the clinic director reports, "We 
have treated no cases of 
measles, polio, or cholera this 
year and have seen only one 
case of whooping cough and 
some dysentery." 

lPRIL 1983 

Peach trees in Mexico. 


Six years ago a $1,400 grant 
from World Relief helped 
subsistence farmers in Verde 
Rico, Mexico, buy barbed wire, 
fertilizer, shovels, and 
insecticide to start a 10-acre 
community orchard. As a spin- 
off of the project, two families 
have entered the nursery 
business, five families have 
started their own orchards, and 
others have earned enough 
capital to upgrade their cow 
herds and breed pits. 

Today the village is known 
as the most progressive in the 


The WRC-operated 
vocational training program in 
the Galang, Indonesia, refugee 
camp is one of the best 
training programs in Southeast 
Asia, says a recent report from 
the United Nations High 
Commission on Refugees. 

Refugees choose fi'om 14 
classes that prepare them for 
initial job opportunities in the 
countries where they will be 


Medicine, soap, and vitamins 
are among World Relief 
supplies delivered last June to 
15 Polish churches through the 
United Evangelical Union. In 
addition, half a ton of food was 
given to two Christian camps 
holding summer discipleship 
training sessions. 

Emergency in Ghana 

Disaster developing in Ghana, 
West Africa. More than one 
million Ghanaian workers forced 
to leave Nigeria in early 
February as that country's 
economy deteriorates. Ghanaians 
return home . . . find only 
poverty and food shortages. Face 
certain death without help. 

Christian missionaries and 
churches in Ghana face major 
emergency. Urgent need for food, 
shelter, and health facilities, 
according to United Nations 
sources. Sanitation conditions 
are bad and deaths are already 
being reported from hunger and 

World Relief-related 
denominations gearing up to 
meet crisis with Christian care. 
Financial help urgently needed 
to respond to requests for food 
and medical help. Blankets and 
temporary shelter also needed. 
Physical help will be 
accompanied by spiritual care. 

Brethren prompted to 
respond to this crisis should 
send checks to Brethren 
World Relief, Bob Bischof, 
treasurer. Box 117, New Paris, 
IN 46553. 


Of Such 
Is the Kingdom 

by Jerry Ballard 

Executive Director o£ World Relief Corporation 

i: i 

ll''" ' 
K > 



2 almost stepped on her as I came to 
the bottom of the stairs at our service 
center in downtown Port-au-Prince, 
Haiti. She was such a tiny tot— one of 
a aozen or so toddlers at the center who 
had been born on the streets. Her mother, a 
teen-ager who is being trained how to care 
for her child, was in a Bible study in 
another room. 

My appointment schedule suddenly went 
into limbo. I couldn't pass that little 
girl without trying to maJte friends. Her 
eyes communicated both fear and curiosity 
at the white foreigner who had suddenly 
invaded her play world. She clutched a 
dirty paper napkin to her breast as though 
she was afraid I might take away her only 
prized possession. 

"Hello," I ventured with the friendliest 
look a bearded stranger can muster. "You 
speak English?" 

She could only "goo" in Creole 
But she didn't run for cover. 
She just stood there and 
looked up into my eyes, the 
stare of distrust. 

Slowly I bent to her 
height and continued to 
talk in my strange lan- 
guage. She held her posi- 
tion and continued to 
cling to her napkin. No 
smile. Just a beautiful, 
innocent face 
wrapped in dust, a lit- 
tle body clothed in a 
throwaway rag. 

Gaining boldness, I stuck up a finger and 
started to count. "One." Then, "Two." 

She took the bait. Her hand moved up anc 
grabbed my fingers. We were friends. I woul 
feign to pull away, but her grip would 
tighten. I continued to chatter in my tongiuj 
so unknown to her. 

The pressure of my work schedule soon 
took its toll. I knew the fleeting moment of I 
love had to come to an end. Gently I 
retrieved my hand and signaled that I had 
to leave. 

Then it happened. 

She gripped that dirty paper napkin 
with her tiny hands, tore it in two, and 
gave me half. 

Reprinted from Touching, 

a publication of World Relief of NAE\ 


The Brethren Evangelist! 


In a packdt u;a6 -i>2,yit to 2.v2Ay pcato^/ckuAck, gtv-lng 
complete- d<zt.ouLii about zack o{^ tko^n ^z^ouJicoJ^, InqiuAd 
about tkum Mke,n ptanntng a b}oktd Riitid^ (ivzYvt {^o^ youJi 
akuAck tkiA Sp/blng on. tatoji tn tkn yzoJi. 


S^trengthening With 
£xercise And 

The kids do the work (and have the fun) , but the whole church can be 
involved. SUPER SWEAT is fun, challenging, and simple . In fact, the 
entire program takes just 3 weeks or less from start to finish. 

Adults sponsor the young people pledging so much for each 

push-up , sit-up , or jumping jack completed. 

Mkat can be moA.<i biiaLvti{^UiZ, and moKo, app^ophA-oto., 
than LLiitng tkn i>tn.(ingtk and zntku6tai>m o{^ ou/l oMn 
young pnople, to hoZp ^ta/iv-lng young pdoptu aAound 
tke. Mo/ild? 

There are T-shirts, posters, brochures. Hunger facts, Bible Verses 
to Grow By, sponsor sign-up sheets. Give the idea a whirl in the near 
future. You'll enjoy it and help others to live and hope through World 



was introduced last year by WRC. Several 
Brethren Churches used it effectively in 
1982 and others are doing so this year. 

You will be provided with a FREE little black Lunch- 
Box-Bank for each family -- plus bulletin inserts, 
posters, sermon illustrations, films, and press releases. 

An example of what can be done: ni ■ ^ ^-701 

^ SkA,p an avojiago, ?3 lunch oncn a 

^^)cck {^on. 6 to S weefe^. Bi/ contAtbutlng the $24 you ^avc, you and Wo/iZd 

RcltQ,{^ Mttt provide i>uppl(mQ.ntal {^ood {^OK S i^^t A^/z^ca>t6 ^on. onz month. 



" Haiti/Paradox Island " 
16 mm -- colon — 20 mtnutoji 

This is the newest of several films available at no 
charge from WRC. Write for a complete listing and descrip- 
tion of films (P.O. Box WRC, Wheaton, ILL. 60187). 

\PRIL 1983 17 






1981 -$43,207 

1980 -$35,482 


We did 


We did it! ! WE DID 

I^! ! ! 

Now I don't want to get too 

carried away. But I'll have to admit it was exhilerating to receive tresur 
er Bob Bischof s year-end report and see that $50,775 figure. The major ir 
crease was through church offerings (up $6,326). And of course, the $1,550 
received from the 2-quilt auction at General Conference didn't hurt either. 

A genuine "thank you" goes to all who contributed. Following is a 
listing, by districts, of those 88 churches sending offerings or budgeted \ 
amounts during 1982. An asterisk (*) means that church gave more in 1982 
than in 1981. 

We commend you all for your concern and response to world need. 

[Phil L^A^ch) 


SOUTHEAST ($8,890) FLORIDA ($268) 

Cumberland Brandon 

*Haddix *St. Petersburg 

*Hagerstown INDIANA ($14,876) 

t^iberty Ardniore 

*Linwood n ■ u^-^^ 

^w , ■ Brighton 

*Mathias *„ * 

* Bryan 

Oak s r y°''j? =°-- 


*St . James ^ . t ^^^ 

, , County Line 

*St. Luke n 


SOUTHWEST ($1,275) *Dutchtown 

*N.W. Chapel *Elkhart 

Papago Park *Flora 

Tucson *Goshen 


MIDWEST ($414) *Loree 

Derby Mexico 

*Fort Scott *Milford 

*Kansas City *Mishawaka 

Mulvane *Muncie 

N. CALIFORNIA ($400) *Nappanee 

Manteca *New Paris 

Stockton *North Liberty 

*North Manchester 

CENTRAL ($2,606) *Roanoke 

*Cerro Gordo *South Bend 

Lanark ■ *Teegarden 

*Milledgeville Wabash 

*Waterloo ■ *Warsaw 

Those churches giving over $1,500 were : 

St. Jamz^ $4,252 I Sen 

MauASAtLOMn $2,715 

Wew Lebanon $2,254 

B/Li/on $1,720 

MdiontoMn $1,689 

OHIO ($8,908) 

Ashland (Park St.) 
*Columbus (BBF) 





Louisville (BBC) 
*Louisville (First) 
*New Lebanon 
*N. Georgetown 
*Pleasant Hill 

West Alexandria 



Brush Valley 


Johnstown II 

Johnstown III 
*Jones Mills 


Terra Alta i 

Vandergrift | 

Vinco • ; 



news from the Brethren Church 

1983 Summer Crusaders announced 
by Board of Christian Education 

Ashland, Ohio — The Board of 
Christian Education has finalized 
'selections for the 1983 Summer 
Crusader teams and is now in the 
process of developing team 
{itineraries. A total of 30 youth 
were chosen to participate in this 
lyear's program. 

I Tracy Rowser, a second-year 
I Crusader from New Lebanon, 
[Ohio, was selected to captain the 
i music team. She will oversee both 
(the music and administrative de- 
Itails of the team's work. Her team 
includes veteran Crusaders Billy 
Hesketh (Vandergrift, Pa.), Kris 
Overdorf (Ardmore, Ind.), and 
JoLinda Ellis (Oakville, Ind.). 
New Crusaders on the music team 
lare Susan Gray (Jefferson, Ind.), 
iKevin Moe (Sarasota, Fla.), Peggy 
IZook (Mexico, Ind.), Dan Huffman 
(North Manchester, Ind.), Dave 
Slabaugh (Goshen, Ind.), and Ray 
Hesketh (Vandergrift, Pa.). 





r isJ^^K 





&' '' 


k -^ 



Tracy Rowser Jerry Kernohan 

The drama team captain is 
Jerry Kernohan from Sarasota, 
Fla. Jerry is serving his third year 
in the Summer Crusader Program. 
His team includes five first-timers: 
Richard Bontrager (Winding Wa- 
ters, Ind.), Kathy Goebel (Cerro 
Gordo, 111.), Michele Buchtel 
(Medina, Ohio), Bev Hoover 
(North Manchester, Ind.), and 
Cindy Love (Highland, Pa.). 

A new team added this year is a 
far west educational unit to serve 

April 1983 

the Arizona and California 
churches in camps, VBS, and 
youth work. Mike Funkhouser, 
from Sarasota, Fla., a third-year 
Crusader, will lead this team, 
which includes veteran Gerri 
Anne Bargerhuff (Mexico, Ind.) 
and two new faces: Valerie Rowsey 
(Columbus, Ohio) and Mark Robi- 
son (North Manchester, Ind.). 

(Vandergrift, Pa.) and Brian 
Bolinger (Kissimmee, Fla.). 

The other educational unit will 
be led by second-year Crusader 
Vanda Funkhouser (Sarasota, 
Fla.). Making up her team are new 
Crusaders Nancy Clark (New 
Lebanon, Ohio), Benita Bamett 
(Hagerstown, Md.), and Ingrid 
Beckel (Dayton, Ohio). 

Floyd Minor, from Fort Scott, 
Kans., has been chosen as a Pas- 
toral Intern. He will work with 
Rev. Steve Zerbe at the Kokomo, 
Ind., First Brethren Church. This 
is Floyd's third year in the 
Crusader Program. 

Mike Funkhouser Jill Slee 

Two other educational teams 
have been formed, one with five 
members instead of the usual four. 
They will tour our east-to-midwest- 
em states to help with VBS, camps, 
youth programs, worship services, 
and other tasks. Jill Slee, of Roann, 
Ind., a five-year veteran, will cap- 
tain one of the educational teams, 
which includes third-year Crusader 
Mike Wgimer (North Manchester, 
Ind.), second-year Crusader Barb 
Black (Park Street, Ohio), and 
first-timers Norene Crytzer 

Floyd Minor Vanda Funkhouser 

All the Crusaders will meet in 
Ashland April 16 for "Intro Day," 
when team names will be selected, 
pictures taken, and summer as- 
signments made. They will return 
to Ashland again on June 12 for 
Orientation Week and will begin 
their term of service June 18. 

Ciieyenne women sew 
for needy and siiut-ins 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — The Woman's 
Missionary Society of the 
Cheyenne Brethren Church re- 
cently completed two projects that 
ministered to the poor and shut- 
ins. One of these projects was the 
sewing of two comforters. 

They presented one of the com- 
forters directly to a needy person, 
and the other to Needs, Inc., a 

group that provides help to the 
poor without charge. They also 
gave Needs, Inc., clothing that 
they had collected. 

The other project of the 
Cheyenne women was making 
clowns for shut-ins. The arms and 
legs of these clowns were stuffed 
with candy. The women gave the 
clowns as Christmas presents to 
residents of Mountain Towers 
Health Care Center. 

— reported by Alice M. Tharp 








N. California conference field in newly restored 
Stockton Brethren Church building 

Stockton, Calif. — More than 125 
people crowded the Brethren 
Church of Stockton on Sunday 
evening, February 27, for the final 
service of the 1983 Northern 
California District Conference. 
The service, concluding the three- 
day event, included installation of 
new officers and an inspirational 
address by General Conference 
Moderator Donald Rinehart. 

The conference was ably led by 
Moderator Bill Hubble, a layman 
from the Lathrop congregation. 
Business items included the usual 
election of officers and reports 
from district and denominational 

Inspirational addresses in addi- 
tion to the one by Dr. Rinehart 
were given by Virgil Ingraham 
and William Kerner. Rev. In- 
graham also presented slides from 

his recently completed adminis- 
trative visit to Colombia. 

The district youth sponsored a 
program featuring local composer, 
singer, and guitarist Steve Powell. 

Delegates were happy to fel- 
lowship with the Stockton Breth- 
ren and rejoice with them in 
their newly rededicated church. 
The building suffered extensive 
fire and smoke damage in July of 
1981 when an arsonist allegedly 
set fire to the structure. 

Brad Harnden from the North- 
gate Community Church in Man- 
teca was elected moderator for 
1983-84. He is the third layman 
in as many years to be elected 
to this position. Other officers 
elected to the conference board of 
directors were Chuck Poindexter, 
vice moderator; Don Huse, secre- 
tary; Violet Freeman, treasurer; 

Florida district ioolcs at Bretliren work 
in Florida, the U.S., and the world 

Sarasota, Fla. — The Sixth An- 
nual District Conference of the 
Florida District of The Brethren 
Church was held Sunday, March 
6, at the Sarasota First Brethren 
Church. Jean Lersch, team mem- 
ber of Brethren House Ministries, 
St. Petersburg, Fla., served as co- 
ordinator (moderator) of the con- 
ference. She is possibly the first 
woman ever to chair a Brethren 
district conference. 

The theme for the afternoon ses- 
sion of the conference was "The 
Brethren Church at Work in 
Florida, the U.S., and the World." 
The session included presentations 
by the three mission churches in 
Florida (Bloomingdale [formerly 
Brandon], Kissimmee, and Town 
and Country), by Brethren House 
Ministries, and also a slide and 
tape presentation of the work of 
the various denominational boards 
and ministries. This was the first 
public showing of this slide pro- 
gram, which will also be shared at 

other district conferences. 

District business was also con- 
ducted during the afternoon ses- 
sion. Business included election of 
officers, a financial report, approval 
of a proposed budget for 1984, and 
action recognizing the Kissimmee 
Bible Fellowship as a mission 
church of the Florida District. 

Elections resulted in the follow- 
ing officers for 1983-84: Rev. Dale 
Ru Lon, coordinator-elect; Joyce 
Elliott, secretary; and Cindy 
Koontz, treasurer. Rev. Russell 
Gordon, the 1982-83 coordinator- 
elect, will serve as the 1983-84 co- 
ordinator for the district. 

The evening worship service of 
the conference featured special 
music by the Sarasota Youth 
Choir, installation of the 1983-84 
officers, and a message by Dr. 
Donald Rinehart, the 1983 Gen- 
eral Conference Moderator. Dr. 
Rinehart's message, based on por- 
tions from the Book of Ruth, was 
entitled "Hands Full on Purpose." 

Outgoing Moderator Bill Hubblti 
(left) passes the gavel to his succes] 
sor, Brad Harnden. 

Jim Sluss and Richard Boyd, 
members-at-large; and Marsha! 
Lehr, Dorothy Huse, and Dorothjl 
Silva, board representatives. | 
The 1984 conference is schedj 
uled to be held at the Lathroij 
Brethren Church in their 
building, presently under 

— Ronald W. Waten 


Carmel Bretfiren Cfiurch 
purctiases building site \ 

Carmel, Ind. — On March 7 th(| 
Carmel Brethren Church (neaij 
Indianapolis), a mission church 
of the Indiana District, purchasec 
10 acres of land as a future build! 
ing site. The property is located oii 
the northwest side of Carmel ori 
U.S. Route 31. It is adjacent to thdj 
site of a proposed new hospital an(| 
shopping center and is at the edg(iJ 
of a new subdivision of 150 single^ 
family dwellings. j 

The purchase price was $85,000] 
which was financed by a loan froni 
the Indiana District Missioii 
Board. The board, in turn, rel 
ceived several generous loans fron j 
Indiana brethren. 1 


The Brethren Evangelis' 


James Earl Massey, Elisabeth Elliot to speak 
at Brethren Pastors' Conference April 25-28 

Ashland, Ohio — Dr. James Earl 
Massey and Elisabeth Elliot will 
be the featured speakers at the 
1983 Brethren Pastors' Confer- 
ence, scheduled for April 25-28 at 
Ashland Theological Seminary. 
Also planned for the conference is 
"NAE '83: Change Your World" — 
special workshops sponsored by 
the National Association of 
Evangelicals that are being pre- 
sented regionally across the 
United States. 

Dr. James Earl Massey is heard 
around the world on the 400 sta- 
tions that carry the "Christian 
Brotherhood Hour," for which he 
is the speaker. He also serves as 

professor of New Testament and 
Preaching at Anderson Graduate 
School of Theology, Anderson, Ind. 
Until 1976 he was the senior pas- 
tor of the Metropolitan Church of 
God in Detroit, which he served 
for 22 years. He is the author of 13 
books, the latest of which are In- 
terpreting God's Word for Today 
(with Wayne McCown) and Design- 
ing the Sermon. He will speak 
three times on April 26th and 
twice on the 27th. 

Elisabeth Elliot is a former mis- 
sionary to the Acua Indians of 
Ecuador. Jim Elliot, her first hus- 
band, and four missionary com- 
panions were killed by the Acuas 

Reach Out and Serve" is theme 
of Indiana BYC Winter Retreat 

Shipshewana, Ind. — Nearly two 
hundred youth of the Indiana Dis- 
trict attended the Indiana State 
I BYC Winter Retreat held Feb- 
ruary 26 and 27 at the Ship- 
shewana Retreat Center. This was 
ia record attendance for the event. 
I "Reach Out and Serve" was the 
(theme for the weekend. Rev. Leroy 
'Solomon, pastor of the Winding 
'Waters Brethren Church, de- 
'veloped this theme for the senior 
high and college age youth, and 
Russell King, a student at Ash- 
land Theological Seminary, de- 
veloped it for the junior high 
group. Both speakers emphasized 
that Jesus came to earth to serve, 
not to be served, and that Chris- 
tians likewise are to serve others. 
Russ King also presented a mes- 
sage during the Sunday morning 
worship service. Participating 
with him were a number of the 
youth, who presented Scripture 
(readings and special music. 
ij Another highlight of the retreat 
'was the showing of a new movie, 
' Ordinary Guy. This is the story of 
I an ordinary Christian who discov- 
lers that something is missing in 
I his life. It illustrates that every 

Christian needs to be enthusiastic 
for Christ and should diligently 
serve Him. 

A major item of business han- 
dled during the retreat was the 
passing of a state BYC constitu- 
tion — the first constitution the 
state BYC has had. The state offi- 
cers are striving for a stronger, 
more progressive organization, 
and feel that this constitution is a 
step in that direction. 

An indication of progress among 
youth in the Indiana District is 
that this year 24 of the district's 
38 churches have youth groups 
that are registered with national 
BYC — an increase of five or six 
over last year. A total of 327 youth 
are registered. Other churches are 
encouraged to register their youth 
before the end of May. 

The next Indiana State BYC 
event will be the District Youth 
Conference June 3-5 at the Ship- 
shewana Retreat Center. The 
theme for the weekend will be 
"Reach Out and Give," with spe- 
cial emphasis on the 100th an- 
niversary of The Brethren Church. 
— reported by Michael Warner 
Indiana State BYC Moderator 

when they first attempted to take 
the gospel to this tribe. Ms. Elliot 
is the author of 15 books, some of 
which relate to her missionary ex- 
perience and others of which deal 
with current topics. She will speak 
four times during the conference — 
twice on the 27th and twice on the 

Three workshops will be in- 
cluded in "NAE '83: Change Your 
World." Dr. Billy A. Melvin, Exec- 
utive Director of NAE, will speak 
on "NAE: Taking Leadership." 
Robert P. Dugan, Jr., Executive 
Director of NAE's Office of Public 
Affairs in Washington, D.C., will 
talk about "NAE: Influencing 
Washington." And Jerry Ballard, 
Executive Director of NAE's 
World Relief Corporation, will dis- 
cuss "NAE: Meeting Needs." Dar- 
rel L. Anderson, National Field 
Representative for NAE, will pre- 
side over the NAE sessions. 

In addition to the above, the 
conference will also include sev- 
eral sessions on "Women in Minis- 
try" for both Brethren pastors and 
their spouses. Rev. Kent Bennett 
will lead a session on "Ordina- 
tion," Dr. Jerry Flora will present 
a position paper on "Women in 
Ministry," and Jennifer Ray, co- 
pastor of the Roann First Brethren 
Church, will give "Reflections by a 
Woman in Ministry." Several ses- 
sions on other topics are also 
planned for pastors' wives. 

The cost of registration for the 
conference is $33.00 (after April 
1), and $16.50 for an accompany- 
ing spouse. Overnight accommoda- 
tions are available on the Ashland 
College campus ($10.50 per night 
for a single room; $15 per night for 
two in a double room). A limited 
number of houses in the Ashland 
area are offering sleeping accom- 
modations (contact Jim Miller at 
Park Street Brethren Church). 
Reservations for the conference 
are to be sent to Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary, 910 Center Street, 
Ashland, OH 44805. 

April 1983 



President Reagan denounces nuclear freeze, 
champions morality, at NAE convention 




Orlando, Fla. — Nineteen Breth- 
ren were among more than 1,600 
evangelicals from throughout the 
nation who attended the 41st con- 
vention of the National Associa- 
tion of Evangelicals in Orlando 
March 8-10. 

The highlight of the convention 
was an appearance by President 
Ronald Reagan on Tuesday after- 
noon. In his remarks to the con- 
vention, President Reagan urged 
U.S. evangelicals not to support a 
nuclear freeze, calling the meas- 
ure a "dangerous fraud" and "an 
illusion of peace." 

"I urge you to speak out against 
those who would place the United 
States in a position of military and 
moral inferiority. I urge you to be- 
ware of the temptation of pride; 
the temptation blithely to declare 
yourselves above it all and label 
both sides equally at fault, to ig- 
nore the facts of history and the 
aggressive impulses of an evil em- 
pire, to simply call the arms race 
a giant misunderstanding and 
thereby remove yourself from the 
struggle between right and wrong, 
good and evil." 

Reagan's plea for support of 
morality and peace through 
strength was delivered to a gener- 
ally supportive crowd. Partici- 
pants interrupted his address with 
applause no less than twenty 
times, including several standing 
ovations. The President also spoke 
out in support of prayer in schools, 
acknowledging NAE's commitment 
to biblical principles. In addition 
he touched on his support for pro- 
family values, including disap- 
proval of adultery, teen-age sex, 
and pornography. 

Presiding during the convention 
was NAE president Arthur Gay, a 
pastor from the Chicago area. Dur- 
ing business sessions the NAE 
called upon evangelical churches 
to again turn the world upside- 
down through an uncompromising 
discipleship based upon genuine 
repentance and faith in Jesus 

Christ. In its annual position 
paper the Association emphasized 
that only when people are right 
with God can they properly relate 
to themselves, to others, and to so- 
ciety. Apart from God, humanity's 
best efforts to use "enlightened 
thinking and space-age technol- 
ogy" to usher in a brave new world 
are merely limited human expres- 

In other resolutions, the NAE 
supported tuition tax credits, rec- 
ognizing the right of parents to 
choose between public and private 
education as essential to the free 
exercise of religion. The Associa- 
tion also reiterated its support of 
quality public education and en- 
couraged Christians to teach in 
public schools. Calling for legisla- 
tion that would endorse values im- 
portant to American society, edu- 
cational pluralism, academic free- 
dom, and excellence in all educa- 
tion, public or private, through 
competition — the resolution con- 
cluded by urging that such legisla- 
tion contain "explicit and unequiv- 
ocal prohibitions against racial 

In another resolution, the NAE 
overwhelmingly approved a prison 
reform statement supporting res- 
titution to victims of crime and 
reserving incarceration for dan- 
gerous criminals. The resolution 
was based on the premise that half 
the criminals in prison have been 
convicted of non-violent offenses. 
As an alternative to imprison- 
ment, the resolution supports 
"biblically based sanctions such as 
restitution that would benefit the 
victim of the crime and society in 
general, as well as help to re- 
habilitate the offender." 

Calling for increased church in- 
volvement in prison ministry, the 
resolution also urged correction of- 
ficials to provide maximum oppor- 
tunities for volunteers to work in 
prison, ". . . since complete re- 
habilitation comes as the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ transforms the heart 

of the individual." 

On Wednesday night, delegates 
to the convention participated in 
the awarding of World Reliefs 
"Helping Hand Award" for 1983. 
The award was given to David and 
Mary Lamb, the first Chinese Mis- 
sionaries to India more than 30 
years ago. These committed Chris- 
tians saw beyond the despair of 
beggars on the street. They saw a 
future of hope for the poor of Cal- 
cutta through the transforming 
love of Jesus Christ. It was amid 
the squalor that the Lambs estab- 
lished the Ling Lang Chinese: 
Church. They also founded a 
school, nursery, and feeding sta-1 
tions through the church, provid-i 
ing millions of meals for children! 
in Calcutta. I 

On Thursday night the conven- 
tion recognized the outstanding! 
Layman of the Year. Charles Wj 
Colson was so honored, recognizedj 
for his outstanding ministry oij 
hope and reconciliation to pris-; 
oners nationwide. I 

Colson, who first came to public 
attention from his involvement irj 
the Watergate scandal and lateij 
over his dramatic conversion ancj 
conversion story. Born Again i 
was described in the statement o, 
recognition as "another of God'ij 
faithful servants who, like Isaiah 1 
has forged his life on the reality oj 
God's love and in so doing, hai 
opened himself up to becoming < 
mighty and miraculous catalys 
for Christ-centered change." 

The Brethren who participate( 
in the NAE Convention include( 
Rev. Dale Ru Lon, Dr. J. Dj 
Hamel, Rev. Russ Gordon, Revj 
Keith Bennett, Rev. and Mrs 
Eugene Beekley, Rev. Phil Lerschi 
Jeff Weidenhamer, Mr. and Mrs 
Tim Solomon, Rev. James Black j 
Rev. Virgil Ingraham, Mr. anij 
Mrs. Jim Payne, Steve Dodds, 
Charles Beekley, Rev. Spencej 
Gentle, and Rev. and Mrs. Terrj 
Lodico. i 

— Charles Beekle\ 


The Brethren Evangelis! 


Class at New Lebanon Church studies 
nuclear weapons resolution 

New Lebanon, Ohio — Eleven 
members of the Brethren Church 
of New Lebanon took seriously the 
1982 General Conference Mod- 
erator's charge to study the nucle- 
ar weapons resolution that was 
brought before Conference last 
August. That resolution was re- 
ferred back to the Social Concerns 
Committee for further considera- 
tion this year. The Moderator 
charged "Everyone ... to study 
the matter throughout the year." 
I The eleven New Lebanon mem- 
bers spent a quarter studying the 
resolution and the subject of nucle- 
ar arms in an elective Sunday 
school class last fall. The class was 
led by Rev. Lynn Mercer, assistant 
pastor of the New Lebanon congre- 

I As a result of their study, the 
jeleven came to the following con- 

! (1) They would not vote in favor 
bf the resolution (only one person 

agreed with it). 

(2) They were split down the 
middle on whether The Brethren 
Church should pass such a resolu- 

(3) They agreed that this is a 
political issue, but were divided 
over whether it is a moral issue. 

(4) They did not agree that the 
U.S. should eliminate all nuclear 
weapons and were divided over 
whether the U.S. should continue 
producing more nuclear weapons. 
They were divided on whether the 
U.S. should stop testing, produc- 
ing, and deploying all nuclear 
weapons, but tended to disagree 
with this position. 

(5) They agreed that the super- 
powers already have stockpiled 
more than enough nuclear 
warheads to destroy life on the 
earth, but could not agree on 
whether producing more nuclear 
weapons makes all nations less 

(6) They tended to agree that 
the military budget should be cut 
to give money to programs for the 
needy, but were divided on this 

(7) They agreed that individuals 
should seek to advance their posi- 
tions by voting, writing letters, 
praying, and by working through 
political parties, lobbying groups, 
or a community group. But they 
could not agree on whether one's 
views should be expressed through 
the church or the mass media. 

(8) They agreed that whatever is 
done to advance a position should 
be done not only in one country, 
but, insofar as possible, all over 
the world. 

The class did not present an al- 
ternate resolution because the 
members could not agree on 
whether this issue should be a 
matter of concern for The Breth- 
ren Church. 

— reported by Rev. Lynn Mercer 


In Memory 

l^stella Easterday, 61, March 5. Member of the Ash- 
!land Park Street Brethren Church. Services by Arden 
Gilmer, pastor. 

jJames O. Lauer, 56, March 3. Member of the North 
jManchester First Brethren Church. Services by Wood- 
row Immel, pastor, assisted by Donald Brubaker. 
Leota Fike Nine, 91, February 24. Member for 78 
j/ears of the White Dale Brethren Church. Services by 
ptanley Waybright, pastor. 

iFrederick C. Renn, 55, February 19. Member and 
itrustee of the College Corner Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by St. Clair Benshoff, pastor. 
jLoyd E, Brown, 85, February 18. Member of the 
Waterloo First Brethren Church. Services by Ronald 
Waters, pastor. 

Herman C. Miller, 79, February 12. Member of the 
Milford First Brethren Church. Services by Paul D. 
ITinkel, pastor. 

WMS Board Meeting 

The spring board meeting of the National Woman's 
(Missionary Society will be held Friday, May 6, 1983, 
at the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. The 
meeting will begin at one o'clock in the afternoon. 


Russ and Lenora MuUinex, 53rd, April 27. Mem- 
bers of the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 

Howard and Pauline Winfield, 50th, April 15. 
Members of the New Lebanon Brethren Church. 

Robert and Carrie Kemp, 51st, March 16. Members 
of the Louisville First Brethren Church. 

Glen and Mary Coffman, 56th, March 2. Members of 
the Maurertown Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Otis Stoffer, 50th, January 20. Mem- 
bers of the North Georgetown First Brethren Church. 
Mr. and Mrs. Merle Mercer, 65th, November 8, 
1982. Members of the North Georgetown First Breth- 
ren Church. 


Karolyn Ochier to Ronald Williams, March 19, at 
Trinity Lutheran Church. Groom a member of the 
Park Street Brethren Church and pastor of a new 
Brethren home mission church in Shaker Heights 
(Cleveland), Ohio. 

Membership Growth 

Main Street (Meyersdale): 3 by transfer 

April 1983 




i'ljl" ' 

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PARABLES OF LUKE Patterns for 
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BEATITUDES Which Way to 
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ii"Jiiiii I , 


Learning From Our Heritage 

by Dale R. Staffer 

Salvation: The Forgiveness of Sins 
and the Gift of the Holy Spirit 

AS we consider the various parts of the conver- 
sion process in Scripture, we can see a natu- 
ral flow or progression. This flow begins with 
God's initiative in enlightening us to our 
spiritual need through the word of God and the 
Holy Spirit. God's initiative calls forth a human 
response of repentance, faith, and baptism. Fi- 
nally, God's promise of the forgiveness of sins 
and the gift of the Holy Spirit is given to those 
who respond in obedient, repentant faith (see Acts 
2:38). It is this promise of forgiveness and the 
Holy Spirit that is our focus in this article. 

We have noted in previous articles that it is 
God's purpose in human history to form a people 
for Himself Because sin has infected the entire 
human race (Rom. 3:23) and separated us from 
God, sin must be dealt with if we are to share the 
divine fellowship for which we were created. It is 
the God-man, Christ, who meets this need. 

According to I Peter 2:24, Christ Himself bore 
our sins upon the cross. Paul states in II Corinth- 
ians 5:21 that God made Christ "who knew no sin 
to be sin on our behalf, that we might become the 
righteousness of God in Him" (NASB). Jesus' sac- 
rifice on the cross now makes it possible for us to 
find renewed fellowship with God. 

On the Day of Pentecost, Peter indicated that 
forgiveness of sins is received by repentance and 
faith (expressed in baptism) (Acts 2:38). John 
likewise tells us in I John 1:9 that through confes- 
sion of our sins we receive forgiveness. Therefore, 
through repentance (which should include the 
confession of our sins to God) and faith in Jesus 
Christ, we realize God's promise to forgive us. 

God's forgiveness of our sins has both negative 
and positive results. In I Peter 2:24 we find a good 
summary of both. On the negative side, Peter tells 
us that we are to die to sin. When we confess our 
sins and are forgiven, the power of sin in our lives 
is broken. Sin and its guilt no longer dominate us, 
and we are freed to live the new life of faith. 

On the positive side, Peter tells us in I Peter 
2:24 that we are to "live to righteousness." When 
God forgives us, not only is our debt of sin can- 
celed, but He views us as righteous because of our 

relationship to Jesus Christ. This is what Paul 
means in II Corinthians 5:21 when he states that 
Christ took our sin "that we might become the 
righteousness of God in Him." Our right standing 
before God as His child by faith rests solely upon 
Christ's work for us; He is in fact our righteous- 
ness (I Cor. 1:30). 

The other promised blessing we receive through 
a repentant faith is the gift of the Holy Spirit, 
Whereas forgiveness of sins prepares us for thej 
new life with God by canceling the power of sin] 
and providing right standing before God, it is the! 
Holy Spirit who enables us to live the new life, i 

In Galatians 5:16-25 Paul instructs us that wcj 
bear the fruit of the new life only as we walk byi 
the Spirit. We do this by constantly relying on thei 
spiritual resources made available to us by Godj 
(see Eph. 6:10-18). By yielding to God and Hisj 
Spirit rather than to our selfish desires, we re- 
ceive the fruit of the Spirit (Gal. 5:22-23). 

Scripture also indicates that the Holy Spirit ijj 
the power source of our new life. Jesus told th(| 
disciples to wait in Jerusalem to receive power bj! 
the Holy Spirit's indwelling before they wenij 
forth as His witnesses (Acts 1:8). Just so we ar(j 
dependent upon the Spirit's power from the firs' | 
day of our lives as Christians. Paul's prayer foij 
the Ephesians that they "be strengthened wit! 
power through His Spirit in the inner man" (3:16^ 
is a prayer that should be on our lips as well. It ii 
not by our might nor by our power that we pre 
vail, but by God's Spirit (cf Zech. 4:6). 

It is the Spirit also who provides us with the as 
surance that we are God's children. Paul counsel; 
the Romans that the "Spirit Himself bears wit 
ness with our spirit that we are children of God; 
(Rom. 8:16, NASB). It is likewise the Spirit who i! 
God's pledge to us that we will share an eternal 
inheritance with Him (Eph. 1:13-14). The Spirit i* 
a kind of down payment by God guaranteeing u 
that He will fulfill His promise of eternal life t 
us. The Spirit's work within us becomes ; 
foretaste of the life to come. Such truths shoul 
cause us to break out in praise to God for His wor 
derful grace toward us (cf Eph. 1:14). [1 

The Brethren Evangelis 

I ^ The Brethren ^ • - 


Serving The Brethren Church 
throughout its one hundred years. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
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I Member, Evangelical Press Association 


Stephen H. Bashor, though not as 
well-known to Brethren today as Henry 
R. Holsinger, played an important part 
in the establishment of The Brethren 
Church 100 years ago. He was also a 
very successful evangelist, and later in 
life was a candidate for governor of 
Iowa. Read more about his life on 
pages 4-6. 

May 1983 

Vol. 105, No. 5 

May 1983 


Stephen H. Bashor: Preacher for Souls 

A look at the life of an early leader of the Progressive Brethren 
who was also one of the most successful evangelists The 
Brethren Church has ever had, by Bradley E. Weidenhamer. 

Helping One Another Through 

The Brethren Health Care Plan 

Participating in The Brethren Health Care Plan not only pro- 
vides pastors much needed hospital insurance, but offers 
them an opportunity to help others, says Dale P. Ru Lon. 

Why Read First Chronicles? 

Though little more than a list of names. First Chronicles has 
much to offer the Christian, Catherine Damato maintains. 

National Brethren Youth Crusaders 
10 The BCE's Role in BYC 






Charles Beekley explains the relationship of the Board of 
Christian Education to the National Brethren Youth Crusaders 

Privileged to Serve 

Mike Funkhouser tells of the blessings and challenges he has 
received from serving as National BYC Moderator. 

The 1982-83 BYC Theme 

Joyce Ronk explains the meaning of the symbol she designed 
to depict the current BYC theme. 

The Role of Morning Star in BYC 

Editor John Gilmer looks at the purpose and potential of 
Morning Star, the National BYC magazine. 

Observing Youth Month in May 

Charles Beekley shares ideas on how to make Youth Month a 
meaningful celebration in the life of the local church. 

BYC Convention Highlights 

The National BYC Convention in August promises to be one of 
the best ever, according to Charles Beekley. 


2 Learning From Our Heritage 

16 The Salt Shaker 

17 Update 

22 Letter to the Editor 




A Centennial Heritage Article 


H. Bashor: 

for Souls 



i;,; :; 

1 ,1' 

by Bradley E. Weidenhamer 

WE BRETHREN have never been in- 
clined to place our church men and 
women on pedestals and erect monuments to 
their memories. Our desire has been to seek 
the will of God and to live out His will in 
quiet obedience. 

But many persons have made significant 
contributions to Brethren life. We are what 
we are because of their efforts. We need to 
learn about some of these spiritual leaders 
and to appreciate their endeavors for the life 
of the church. 

One of these giants in our heritage was 
Stephen H. Bashor. He served as editor of 
several Brethren publications of the last 
quarter of the 19th century, including The 
Progressive Christian — which later became 
The Brethren Evangelist. He was also one 
of the most active and influential men in the 
organization of The Brethren Church. But 
perhaps his greatest accomplishment was as 
an evangelist — a preacher for souls. 

Early life 

Stephen Bashor was born on August 15, 
1852, in Washington County, Tenn., the 
ninth of twelve children. His father's ances- 
tors were French and had migrated to 
Pennsylvania. Stephen's grandfather, Benja- 
min Bashor, was a minister in Virginia. 
Henry Bashor, Stephen's father, was quite 
successful in the milling business. 

Stephen was nine years old when the Civil 
War broke out. In his autobiography, written 
around 1890, he recalled some of the events 

Rev. Weidenhamer is the Ashland Theological 
Seminary librarian. 

of this war. He remembered that severa' 
small battles were fought on his family'^: 
property, their mill was shot full of holestj 
fences were destroyed, the house wa^ 
searched, and horses, cattle, flour, and feeej 
were taken by both armies. The family losil 
much of its wealth but was not harmed perj 
sonally by the conflict. { 

In 1865 Stephen's father decided to mov(i 
his family to Missouri, where they settled irj 
Andrew County near the small town oj 
Whitesville. There Stephen attended his firsi} 
public school, although he already knew hov 
to read and write. The following spring hii 
father and brother purchased a combinec 
flour and saw mill, at which they did a largf 
custom business. They also worked a smal 

A number of other Brethren families alst 
moved into Andrew County, and soon the^ 
organized a congregation. Stephen's oldes 
brother Joe and a man named Daniel Glicl 
were elected ministers. Bashor recalled tha; 
the first worship service was held in his fami 
ily's home. Daniel Glick preached "with hii 
eyes tight shut for one straight hour and « 
quarter by the clock!" Then Stephen';! 
brother stood up, "talked rapidly for ten oit 
twelve minutes, and sat down with a face aj 
white as milk and all covered with grea 
beads of perspiration!" 

These men did not have the benefit of ;[ 
seminary education or even a large persona 
library from which to develop sermons. The; 
spoke as they felt led of God. According t 
Bashor, Brother Glick had only two sermons 
which he preached no matter what text h 
used. Bashor said that he heard those sam 

The Brethren Evangelis! 

two sermons so often that he could repeat the 
greater portion of them himself. 

In the fall of 1866 Stephen's mother be- 
came ill. She passed away just seven days 
jlater. This was a very difficult period for 
IStephen, who was just entering his teen 
years. During the next several years he lived 
part of the time at home and the remainder 
jof the time with his married brother and sis- 
ters or with other relatives. He worked at all 
kinds of jobs, but also did considerable read- 
ing. He read many secular works, almost be- 
Icoming an agnostic until he delved into 
;Christian writings and came back to the 
faith of his mother. 

As a result of his reading and also because 
of the many discussions of church doctrine 
land practice popular at the time, Stephen de- 
veloped an interest in oratory and debate. He 
ispent much time writing, rewriting, refining, 
and memorizing speeches. Then he would 
practice them to imaginary audiences in cow 
pastures until the speeches were perfect. He 
jeven organized the boys of several districts 
into debating societies. These activities of- 
fered him an outlet for his energies, but they 
did not give him the spiritual peace he 


; By the time he was twenty, Stephen knew 
,that he needed to accept Christ into his 
heart. He later wrote the following about 
this experience: "Finally the monumental de- 
cision came, and it was the hardest struggle 
of my life. Ten thousand objections came 
trooping in, in droves of fire and a dozen at 
la time." Despite these objections, Stephen 
made his decision to follow Christ and ap- 
plied for church membership. In June of 1872 
he was baptized. His autobiography reveals 
jthat this was a life-changing event. He wrote 
jthat from that hour "the New Testament was 
jmy constant companion." 

His new commitment of faith coupled with 
|his bent for debate led Stephen into religious 
idebates with others in the community. These 
5were a foretaste of things to come. 
i In the summer of 1875, the congregation in 
(Andrew County held an election for two ad- 
ditional ministers. After receiving instruc- 
tions from the presiding elders, each member 
was called into a small room to register his 
|or her vote before these elders. When the mo- 
iment came for the announcement of the re- 
sults, Bashor was surprised to hear his name 
Iread as one of the two elected. At first he 
would not accept the call. But the elders ad- 

May 1983 

monished him, saying that this was the will 
of God and the congregation. They also re- 
minded him that he had promised to be obe- 
dient to the councils and decisions of the 
church. Thus, with great feelings of unfitness 
and inadequacy, Stephen Bashor entered the 

Shortly after this election, Bashor was 
"striken with an impulse to go to Indiana." 
He borrowed some money from his brother 
and headed east, taking with him his creden- 
tials from the church. He was not sure why 
he was making this trip, but he soon found 

First sermon 

While visiting relatives at Mexico, Ind., he 
attended a "Harvest Home" service with his 
cousins. As a new minister, he was invited to 
sit at the end of the elders' table and was in- 
troduced as a "young preacher from the 
west," even though he had never preached a 
sermon! When one of the elders announced 
that "the younger brother [Bashor] will be 
with us and preach in the evening service," 
Stephen vowed privately that he would not 
attend. But when the time came, he was 
there and his message strongly moved the 
entire congregation. He gained an instant 

From those meetings at Mexico came re- 
quests to preach in other locations. Bashor's 
fame as "the boy preacher" ran ahead of him 
and he never lacked invitations to preach. "I 
preached to convert sinners, and felt that a 
failure would be impossible," he later wrote. 
He was quite outspoken and never afraid to 
speak his mind on other issues as well. 


Despite his popularity, Bashor was not 
welcome in all congregations. When he left 
Missouri, he was not familiar with the con- 
servative "order" of the church that was de- 
veloping in the east. And even when he 
learned what they expected, he was unwill- 
ing to conform to their standard of dress 
(coats with cutaway corners and shirts with 
straight collars worn without a tie), hair 
style (unparted and combed straight forward 
to bangs or combed straight back unparted or 
parted in the middle), and beard style (full 
beard and no mustache). Instead he dressed 
and combed his hair according to the fashion 
of the day and shaved his beard. 

Throughout the 1870's Bashor journeyed 
from Illinois to Maryland, holding evangelis- 
tic meetings and exhorting the Brethren to 






'Martin Shively suggested that as many as 12,000 
persons may have made personal confessions of 
Christ as a result of Bashor's preaching" 


ife 11 
l« „ 
ilia ;; 


repentance. During this time he learned to 
know Henry Holsinger and began to support 
Holsinger's progressive ideas concerning the 
church. Another important event in his Ufe 
in the 1870's was his marriage to Cordey 
Weller in 1878. They later had one child, a 
daughter, whom they named Wilma. 

Holsinger's trial 

In 1881 the Annual Meeting of the church 
made a decision to send a committee to Ber- 
lin, Pa., to hold a trial for Henry Holsinger 
because of his alleged insubordination to 
the church. The trial was aborted on the sec- 
ond day because Holsinger and the Berlin 
congregation insisted that it be open to the 
public and that a stenographer be present. 
Prior to the 1882 Annual Meeting, Bashor 
wrote a pamphlet — "Where Is Holsinger?" — 
in which he strongly defended the progres- 
sive leader's stand. 

In the 1882 Annual Meeting Holsinger 
was disfellowshipped from the church and 
Bashor was suspended from the ministry. 
When the 1883 Annual Meeting failed to re- 
consider this matter, the "Progressive Breth- 
ren" who were in agreement with Holsinger 
held a convention in Dayton, Ohio, and or- 
ganized The Brethen Church. Bashor was a 
member of that convention as one of the or- 
ganizing elders. 

Stephen continued his evangelistic efforts 
in the 1880's and 1890's. He also held pas- 
torates in Milledgeville, 111., Mexico, Ind., 
Roanoke, Va., Enon and Hudson, Iowa, and 
twice at Waterloo, Iowa. His pastorates were 
of short duration. He apparently could not 
adapt himself to the pastoral routine. 

During the latter 1890's Bashor began to 
drift away from his preaching activities. He 
eventually left the preaching ministry en- 
tirely and spent the last 25 years of his life 
pursuing various secular enterprises. Hol- 
singer in his History of the Tunkers and The 
Brethren Church states that Bashor "became 
ambitious, thirsting for worldly glory" (p. 
642). But it is likely that Holsinger made 
this judgment without having had personal 
contact with Bashor in order to learn his real 
reasons for going into secular pursuits. 

The late Dr. Albert Ronk wrote an unpub- 
lished biographical sketch of Bashor in 1971. 

In this biography he described a visit with 
Bashor in 1911 during evangelistic meetings 
at North Manchester, Ind. During this visit 
he and two other men questioned Bashor 
about his evangelistic work and his reasonsi 
for leaving this ministry. Ronk reported that 
Bashor said that he had become burned out 
both spiritually and emotionally. He could no 
longer control his emotions if he were toi 
preach an evangelistic message. Undoubt- 
edly he had had many soul-rending experi- 
ences in his evangelistic meetings. The ten- 
sions in the church during the 1870's and 
1880's were terrific. Bashor sometimes 
preached his heart out and then met cold op- 
position from his Brethren colleagues. I 

Whatever Bashor's reasons for leaving thai 
preaching ministry, Ronk gives us some in-t 
teresting insight into Stephen's work. RonM 
claims that 2,400 confessions of faith oc-j 
curred during Bashor's first two years of 
preaching. Stephen himself said that he pre-j 
ferred not to keep track of numbers. In an ar-i 
tide about Bashor written in 1927, Martini 
Shively suggested that as many as 12,0001 
persons may have made personal confessions! 
of Christ as a result of Bashor's preaching. { 

In addition to preaching, Bashor had alsol 
engaged in debates on church practices. Twoj 
of his debates on baptism were published ini 
book form. j 

Last years \ 

During the last 25 years of his life, Bashori 
was involved in various business and promo-j 
tional enterprises. He was active in mining, 
colonization, and writing. He also became in- 
volved in politics. He ran for congressional 
offices in Illinois and Iowa and twice was 
nominated for governor of Iowa. In every 
case he was unsuccessful. i 

At the time of his death Bashor was work- 
ing on a colonization project on the Isles ol 
Pines, just off the southwest coast of Cuba, 
He died on October 2, 1922, at the age of 70 

Stephen H. Bashor had a blessed ministry 
His contribution to our church was great. Hk 
thirst for souls was unquenchable, and hei 
was truly an evangelistic giant in the herit-; 
age of our faith. Here was a man who tookj 
God's call on his life seriously and who livecj 
to serve his Master. [t.i 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Helping One Another 

Through The 

Brethren Health Care Plan 

by Dale P. Ru Lon 

BRETHREN people have always shared a 
concern for helping one another. That is 
a basic characteristic of the family nature of 
our church. We express that concern in a 
number of ways. 

Several years ago the General Conference 
recognized a need for proper health care in- 
surance for our pastors and denominational 
employees. The result was the formation of a 
Brethren group hospitalization plan, ad- 
ministered by the Retirement Board of The 
Brethren Church. 

Anyone who has recently been hospitalized 
(or even visited a doctor) knows that medical 
costs are soaring. The inflation rate for medi- 
!cal services in 1982 in the United States in- 
creased by about 18% (while inflation overall 
I slowed to 3.9%). No one today can afford to 
jbe without hospitalization insurance. 
j A group insurance plan provides an impor- 
itant benefit: it spreads the cost of a cata- 
istrophic bill over many people. Because 
j many participants bear the cost of the cover- 
lage, no one person or family is threatened 
with bearing the expense of such an unfortu- 
jnate experience. 

; One of the greatest advantages of having 
our own group plan is that coverage will not 
'be withdrawn from any Brethren pastor as 
'long as he maintains continuous participa- 
tion in the program. 

In the early years of the Brethren plan, 
{coverage was provided by an insurance com- 
ipany. In 1981, the board restructured the 
plan into a self-insurance trust. What this 
[means is that Brethren premiums are pro- 
Ividing direct benefit for Brethren partici- 
I pants and their families. (A stop loss policy 
jwith Lloyd's of London protects the trust 
from losses above $10,000 per person.) 

In 1982, the plan provided $106,516 in 
I benefits. And nearly two-thirds of the partic- 
ipants received benefits from the program. 

We've been fortunate over the years to 

Rev. Ru Lon, pastor of the Town and Country 
Community Church of Tampa, Fla., is president of 
the Retirement Board of The Brethren Church. 

May 1983 

The Brethren 
Health Care Plan 


have Tom Jack and his staff at Employee 
Benefit Management Corporation (EBMC) 
administer our plan and advise our board. 
They provide professional service at very 
reasonable cost to the program. 

The Brethren Health Care Plan is open to 
all professional employees of local congrega- 
tions and denominational offices who work a 
minimum of 30 hours per week. Also Breth- 
ren students at Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary are eligible to participate. (Providing 
hospitalization insurance coverage for a 
seminary student would be an excellent way 
to express your support and assure that prop- 
er health care will be available.) 

Naturally, The Brethren Health Care Plan 
is strengthened by having all pastors and de- 
nominational workers participate in the pro- 
gram, thus spreading our costs over the 
largest possible group. Besides, who would 
want to have coverage outside the church 
when they can share in a plan that benefits 
their own co-workers and brothers and sis- 
ters in the faith? 

Frankly, we want your pastor in The 
Brethren Health Care Plan. And I'm sure 
you want your pastoral family to have ade- 
quate protection in a plan that benefits all 
Brethren workers. 

For more information on how to enroll 
your pastor in The Brethren Health Care 
Plan, please contact me (phone 813-886- 
9569), or EBMC (920 N. Shadeland, Suite 
G-4A, Indianapolis, IN 46219; phone 317- 
352-0126). [tl 








^\tlaiiis Line umo ]3 avid. 




Drawing from a Bible dated 1723. 

Why Read 
First Chronicles? 

by Catherine Damato 

THE First Book of the Chronicles is little 
more than a list of names, starting in 
verse 1 with "Adam, Sheth, Enosh," and con- 
tinuing in this vein for 29 chapters. There 
are occasional interruptions for narrative 
and also brief insights into the character of 
those named. 

Originally I and II Chronicles were one 
book. Most evangelical scholars consider 
Ezra or one of his contemporaries to be the 
author. Chronicles was written for the faith- 
ful, God-fearing Jews who returned to Jeru- 
salem from exile in Babylon. The book was 
written to remind them of their heritage, to 
encourage faith in the God of Israel, and to 
demonstrate the role of the priesthood in the 
life of the Chosen People. 

Mrs. Damato is a free-lance writer living in San 
Gabriel, Calif. She says that she first became inter- 
ested in I Chronicles when Adlai Stevenson was 
running for president and his supporters explained 
where he got his name (see I Chron. 27:29). It is 
now her favorite book of the Bible. 

The genealogies were important to these 
returned exiles in order to establish their 
descent from the twelve sons of Jacob and 
their right to lands assigned to their ances- 
tors. More important, they also set forth the 
royal lineage of the house of David, from 
which these pious Jews believed their Mes- 
siah would come. 

First Chronicles, therefore, was important 
to godly Jews living in post-exilic Israel. But 
God's word says that the Old Testament was 
written for our admonition as well (I Corinth- 
ians 10:11). So what may we as Christians 
gain from I Chronicles and its lengthy 
genealogies? Quite a bit, if we look for it. 

First, this book is a prefigure in miniature 
of God's books of judgment (cf. Rev. 20:12). 
God caused all the details of I Chronicles to 
be written down and preserved for thousands 
of years, despite all the perils that threat- 
ened the Scriptures and all the attacks of un- 
godly people against the word of God. If He 
could do this. He certainly can operate on a 
much larger scale under heavenly conditions 
where He has no opposition and a million 
angels wait to do His bidding. First Chron- 
icles assures us that God is not to be mocked. 
In II Corinthians 5:10 Paul tells us that 
there will be a time of judgment for every 
one of us. We do well to take heed. It will 
happen. j 

But I Chronicles contains more of comfort i 
than of warning. Its careful notation of so} 
many names is meaningful. | 

What is a name? It represents the sum! 
total of an individual. If all that you are,| 
have been, or will be and all that you have] 
ever done, thought, or wanted could be put 
into a box, the only way the box could be 
labeled for proper identification would be 
with your name. Even if you have a common 
name — if you are Mary Smith who lives in 
Abilene, Kansas, or Joe Brown who drives 
a Greyhound bus — those qualifiers that 
further identify you still need your name to 
have meaning. 

Your name identifies you as a unique per- 
son in history. When God chose to record so 
many names in I Chronicles, He showed that 
He loves and respects individuals. He does 
not see us as a sea of faces, all blended to- 
gether. He sees each of us as a separate per- 
son, individually important to Him. 

In I Chronicles we can also renew acquaint-' 
ance with biblical persons who have dropped 
out of sight. Does anj'one remember Shelah, 
Judah's third son, first named in Genesis 38*; 
Judah's two older sons displeased the Lord scj 


The Brethren Evangelist i 


much that He slew them. But what happened 
to Shelah? He dropped out of sight to re- 
appear in I Chronicles 4:21-23. There we 
learn that he became the head of a multi- 
j talented family that rendered important 
j service to the nation. 

Have you ever wondered who Asaph was? 
Asaph authored twelve of the Psalms (50, 73- 
83), but the Book of Psalms nowhere identi- 
fies him. First Chronicles 6:39 gives us his 
lineage, and I Chronicles 16:1-7 provides us 
I some information about his work. 
I First Chronicles is a very human book. 
There is a wealth of family gossip sprinkled 
j among all those "begots" and "sons of." Look 
at I Chronicles 2:25-41. Verse 26 speaks of 
iJerahmeel, who "had also another wife." 
Can't we just hear the elders in the commu- 
nity comparing notes about old times. "Oh, 
but he had another wife. Didn't you know?" 

Reading on we meet three men who had no 
sons, Seled (v. 30), Jether (v. 32), and 
Sheshan (v. 34). But Sheshan did something 
about it. He gave his only daughter to his 
Egyptian steward to marry. Thus the family 
line continued and descendants of the sonless 
Sheshan rendered important service in the 
later years of the kingdom (compare I Chron. 
2:34-38 with II Chron. 23:1 ff.). 

The careful reader of I Chronicles will 
stumble upon fragments of high drama and 
glints of pure gold among all those names. 
Notice chapter 7:20-27. Here we read of a 
crushing family tragedy and the surprising 
way that the Lord made up for it. Though 
Ephraim's sons were slain, his daughter, 
Sheerah became a builder. "Not in your sons, 
Ephraim," the Lord seems to be saying, "but 
in your daughter I will bless you." 

Then there is Jabez in I Chronicles 4:9-10, 
who is named only this once in the Bible. He 
seems to come out of nowhere. His father is 
not named, and even his mother, who bore 
him in pain, is not named. From the context 
we assume that he was a descendant of 
Judah. Jabez, we are told, was more honora- 
ble than his brethren, and he called upon the 
Lord to bless him. His mother reaped bless- 
ing at last in the son who caused her the 
most pain. 

These are just a couple examples of the 
many treasures you will find among all those 

Why read I Chronicles? I have suggested 
several reasons above. But the last reason is 
the best of all. Read I Chronicles because it is 
part of God's word. So read on, Christian, for 
I Chronicles has much to say to you. [t] 




Counting the Cost 

Luke 14:25-33 

The 96th Brethren Conference of Indiana 

June 9-11, 1983, Shipshewana Retreat Center 

Special Conference Speakers 

Elder Donald Rinehart, General Conference Moderator 

Elder Charles Munson, Dean of Ashland Theological Seminary 

Elder Alvin Shifflett, Indiana Conference Moderator 

Henry R. Holsinger 

Brethren i-ieritage Emphasis 

Media Presentation on Brethren History 

Historical Drama 

A Visit from Henry Holsinger 

Update on Current Brethren Ministries 

Saturday Session at Camp Mack 

Conference Business 

Murals of Brethren History 

Special Program with Henry Holsinger 

May 1983 




Special Sessions and Workshops ^ 

Establishing Relationships with Youth 
Friendship Counseling •• 

Managing Personal Finances ... 

Using the Leader's Guide to 

"Counting the Cost" ^ 

WMS, Laymen, and Ministers Sessions 
All-Conference Picnic S^ 

Babysitting for Preschoolers for All 

Major Sessions. 


National Brethren Youth Crusaders 




111!! I" 



Charles Beekley 

Director of 
Christian Education 

JUST as the youth advisor in the local church performs a 
very important function in guiding the program and the 
lives of the young people in the congregation, so the staff of I 
the National Board of Christian Education provides direction i 
and counsel to the National Brethren Youth Crusaders (BYC) 

The staff of the Board of Christian Education (BCE) is 
charged with the task of implementing the policies of the BCE 
as they relate to the BYC. Policy direction given by the board 
is implemented through discussions and work with the Na- 
tional BYC Council, which meets at least twice a year. Pro- 
gramming and Convention possibilities are developed by the 
staff based upon recommendations of the BYC Council. 

In addition, the National BCE provides guidance and input i 
for youth advisors and pastors on the local level. 

The work of the BCE and its role with the youth is sup- 
ported by The Brethren Church as a whole. Budgeted giving 
from churches meets a small portion of those expenses; the 
General Conference approved apportionment meets another ; 
portion; and gifts by individuals during the month of May i 
each year satisfy another small portion of the expenses. Gifts ■ 
by the Brethren in May are an important aspect of May i 
Youth Month on the denominational level. 

On this and the next several pages, three leaders in the Na- 
tional BYC report on their responsibilities and activities at 
the national level. The work of these young people is consis- 
tent with the concern of the Brethren to provide youth with 
challenging opportunities for personal growth within the 
service of the church . . . looking forward to continuing service 

Privileged to Serve 

by Char'ieTBefki'ey ^y Mike Funkhouser, National BYC Moderator 

One important aspect of the 
National BYC is providing a 
controlled environment for 
leadership growth. The Na- 
tional BYC, with its own con- 
stitution and by-laws and its 
own budget, gives Brethren 
youth an opportunity to partici- 
pate in a structured Christian 
community outside their local 
church. National BYC is fre- 
quently the first denomina- 
tional exposure that Brethren 
youth have. 

Each year at the BYC Con- 
vention, business sessions deal 


SINCE August of 1982 I've been privileged to serve God andi 
The Brethren Church as Moderator of the National Breth- 
ren Youth Crusaders. It was a pleasant surprise and chal- 
lenge to learn of my election. I have been active in the BYC 
on the local and national levels for several years, but this has 
been a totally new experience. These past seven months have 
been a real thrill and challenge for me as I've been seeking 
God's will every day of my life. •: 

Following in the tradition established by my predecessors 
Dave Kerner and Gregg Brelsford, I've tried to become as in- 
volved as possible in the activities of Brethren youth in each i 
of the districts. By the end of my year in office I will have visit- , 
ed almost every district in The Brethren Church, participat- 1 
ing in youth rallies or retreats, speaking to the adult district ! 
conferences, or just visiting with local youth groups whenever i 

The Brethren Evangelist 


"Hearts Ablaze With the Spirit" 

BYC Moderator Mike Funkhouser (left) looks over the BYC 
Convention schedule with Charles Beekley, the BCE's Director 
of Christian Education. 

with budget considerations, 
project selection, officer elec- 
tions, and other miscellaneous 
business that may be brought 
before the Convention. These 
business sessions are a small 
part of the total experience 

; which stresses spiritual growth 
and fellowship. But they are, 
nonetheless, an important part 
of grooming our youth for 
leadership in tomorrow's 

One important business ses- 
sion each year is held concur- 
rently with the General Confer- 
ence, when the Brethren Youth 
listen to the General Conference 

I Moderator's address. For the 
past several years the adults 
have also heard the BYC Mod- 

I erator's address. Due to changes 

I in the adult Conference 

I schedule, however, this will not 

, happen in 1983. 

The BYC Moderator for the 
1982-83 year is Mike Funk- 

; houser, a freshman at Ashland 
College and a member of the 

. Sarasota, Fla., BYC. Mike is a 
Summer Crusader (1983 will be 

I his third year), is active in 

i HOPE Fellowship on the Ash- 

\ land College campus, and has 

' had numerous positions in BYC 
on the local, district, and na- 

1 tional levels. He will preside 
during the business sessions of 

I the BYC Convention. 

May 1983 

I could. It is my hope that this involve- 
ment provides some sense of national 
unity to the BYC. 

I've been to three district confer- 
ences: I visited Fort Scott in October of 
1982 for the Midwest District Confer- 
ence; I attended the Ohio Conference 
at Canton held March 19; and I was in 
Tucson for the Southwest District Con- 
ference early in April. I have also 
visited numerous youth rallies and re- 
treats, primarily in Ohio and Indiana. 
In each situation it has been a pleas- 
ure to make new acquaintances in our 
common work of The Brethren 
Church, renew old friendships from 
BYC and Crusader activities, and to share with other Breth- 
ren. I also participated in the ABCT Seminar last fall on 
"How to be a More Effective Leader" (taught by Rev. William 
Kerner), and it was a great blessing. 

This past year I have watched the National BYC member- 
ship increase. The statistician for the National BYC, Tom 
Grumbling, will have a full report on our membership at the 
Convention in August. 

The BYC works together each year on a national project. In 
February I had the honor to present a check to Lenny Seaman 
of Brethren Care of Ashland as the result of our Ingathering 
at the 1982 Convention. The Ingathering in 1982 was near an 
all-time high, and we hope the same thing will be true again 
in 1983. Our project for this year is the home mission church 
in Hickory, North Carolina. It is truly a blessing for me to see 
the youth working together for the common good of our de- 

Between now and the August convention, I hope to visit 
with some other district conferences, and as a Crusader, I will 
certainly meet a lot of Brethren during the summer months. 
I'm looking forward to all of that. 

The youth will participate in the celebration of 100 years of 
the Progressive Brethren Church during our Convention, run- 
ning concurrently with the adult Conference. Several exciting 
additions to the BYC Convention schedule should make our 
week together a thrill. Among the highlights are appearances 
by the Christian music groups GLAD and TRUTH, events 
that will be open to adults as well. I hope we see a lot of 
adults at these concerts. (There is more information about the 
BYC Convention in this issue of the Evangelist.) 

As I continue my term of service as BYC Moderator, my 
prayer is that I will have a lot more opportunities to meet 
more Brethren, to work with youth and adults throughout the 
denomination, and to join with you in Ashland in August to 
celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Progressive Brethren 
Church. Lt] 







National Brethren Youth Crusaders 









'(111 I 


The 1 982-83 BYC Theme 

by Charles Beekley 

The BYC theme each year is 
always similar to, but different 
from, the General Conference 
theme for the year. We do this 
primarily to give a sense of in- 
dependence and importance to 
the BYC theme while tying the 
BYC to The Brethren' Church 
as a whole. 

The theme for the 1982-83 
year is — like the General Con- 
ference theme — based on II 
Timothy 1:6-7. It is modified 
from the adult theme (Rekin- 
dling the Gifts of God) to read: 

We asked Joyce Rank, a 
member of the BYC through the 
Park Street Brethren Church in 
Ashland, to come up with a 
visual representation of this 
theme. Joyce has always been 
a creative and independent 
thinker, and she accepted the 
challenge eagerly. Her work 
and an explanation of it appear 
above and to the right. 

The word ''rekindling" is a 
rather exciting one when put in 
terms of our Christian walk 


by Joyce Ronk 

WHEN I was asked to design a visual representation of 
the 1982-83 theme for the BYC, the central idea seemed 
easy. But I wanted to make sure the total sense of the theme 
based on II Timothy 1:6-7, presented the challenge of captur- 
ing soul, strength, and love. 

In seeking to understand the design for the youth conference 
theme, first look at the heart, for this is something everyone 
has had since birth. In this design, however, the heart doesn't 
represent our physical heart, but our spiritual heart. The 
heart is a very important part of the body, both physically and 

In II Timothy 1:7 Paul tells us that God gave us a spirit of 
love. So, as a body of believers, we need Jesus and His love as 
our life-support system. We are taught as children that Jesus 
will live in our hearts if we ask Him. Because we, as The 
Brethren Church, have done this. He is in us, helping and 
guiding us as we grow as one body. 

This brings us to the second symbol in the design — thei 
flame. Notice that the flame surrounds the heart but does not 
destroy it. Flames that completely engulf an object destroy all j 
of it and leave only ashes. But this flame burns only around 
the heart, burning the outside and worldly part of us and let- 
ting Jesus remain within. By burning off the worldly part, the 
flame makes it easier for others to see Jesus in us. 

Flames give off heat which generates energy. So these 
flames serve two purposes. The first is to burn away our world- 
liness so Jesus can shine through. The second is to radiate 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"Hearts Ablaze With the Spirit" 

and life. It can signify revival, 
refreshment, restrengthening, 
renovation, and stimulation. 
When the Holy Spirit truly 
takes over our lives, we should 
be zealous in using our talents 
to serve God. By emphasizing 
this theme for a year, we are at- 
tempting to develop in the BYC 
a desire to serve God that burns 
in their hearts until they feel a 
new level of commitment and 
their HEARTS are ABLAZE 

energy so we may excite others about our Lord Jesus Christ. 
We must remember that even though everyone has a heart, 
not every heart is burning. Only if Jesus is in the heart will 
there be the flame and energy that He gives. 

The third element in the design is a dove. The dove repre- 
sents the Holy Spirit. The Spirit safeguards and protects the 
heart that is alive and full of energy for Jesus. Notice that the 
dove doesn't completely cover the flaming heart. If it did, we 
would not know that the heart is there. The Spirit protects us 
but doesn't hinder our growth or extinguish the flame. 

I hope that the design will have a similar meaning for you. 
Perhaps this description, emphasizing the spiritual implica- 
tions, will strengthen and encourage you to let your heart be 
ablaze with the Holy Spirit. [t] 




The Role of Morning Star in BYC 

by Charles Beekley 

As the National BYC imple- 
ments its goal of creating strong 
leaders for tomorrow, we strive 
for involvement, independence, 
and a creative use of God-given 
gifts. One of the prime examples 
of our implementation of these 
goals is the Morning Star, the 
youth magazine. 

For the past three years the 
Morning Star has been edited 
by a member of the BYC. The 
editor is given an opportunity 
for total involvement in the pro- 
duction of the magazine, from 
soliciting articles to designing 
the layout to ordering the print- 
ing to assisting in the mailing. 
This involvement leads to an 
awareness of all that is neces- 
sary in a project of this nature. 

The editor is also given a sig- 
nificant degree of independence. 
While the Director of Christian 
Education functions as execu- 
tive editor and publisher of the 
magazine, the content is left 
largely to the youth editor. 
Questions of policy and theology 
are di.scussed frequently, striv- 
ing toward an understanding of 
the communications process in 
an area as important as this. 
(continued next page) 

May 1983 

by John Gilmer, Morning Star Editor 

THE Morning Star is the official magazine of the National 
Brethren Youth Crusaders. It seeks to serve the youth in 
two major ways: first, as a means of communication between 
the youth of different localities; and second, as a tool to pro- 
mote spiritual growth by sharing ideas on our faith. 

The communication aspect of the Morning Star is basically 
just a system of reporting newsworthy happenings and pro- 
moting upcoming events. Youth rallies, retreats, and the Na- 
tional Convention are some examples. Our bimonthly publica- 
tion seeks to keep the youth informed of current events on the 
local, district, and national BYC levels. 

The second purpose of the Morning Star is also very impor- 
tant. We seek to aid the youth in their spiritual growth. As 

Brethren, we have 
no creed other than 
the New Testament. 
This means that 
each generation is 
left to discover the 
truth of the Bible for 
itself The Morning 
Star seeks to help in 
this process by pro- 
viding a forum for 
dialogue on matters 
of the Christian 
faith. Articles that 
appear in the Morn- 
ing Star must have 
biblical backing, but 
nothing more. In the 

Editor Gilmer looks over a completed copy 
of Morning Star 




National Brethren Youth Crusaders 



We also encourage the editor 
of the Morning Star to be crea- 
tive in the exercise of his re- 
sponsibilities. We have asked 
the editor to do some visionary 
dreaming of what the Morning 
Star could be, and his thoughts 
are contained in the article to 
the right. 

The current editor of the 
Morning Star magazine is John 
Gilmer, an Ashland College 
sophomore and son of Rev. and 
Mrs. Arden Gilmer. John has 
been a member of BYC for sev- 
eral years and served two sum- 
mers as a Crusader, first on the 
music team "One Spirit" and 
then as captain of a Florida 
educational unit, "Seekers." His 
wife Pam — they've been married 
less than a year — is a music 
teacher in the Ashland City 
school system. 

past we have printed different views on various subjects, and 
we will continue to do so as long as a biblical basis is present. 

In the current organizational structure, the Morning Star is 
sent to each registered member of National BYC. Registration 
simply means enrolling youth with the National Board of 
Christian Education each fall at a cost of $3 per member. 

Over the past several years, the number of BYC members 
has been declining (although this year's registration is a bit 
higher than last year's), and as a result the circulation of the 
Morning Star has declined as well. To reverse this trend, I 
suggest that each church register all of its youth between thai 
ages of 9 and 22 automatically. This simple secretarial taski 
each fall would help get the Morning Star into more homes. i 
Registration forms are mailed to each youth advisor and pas-i 
tor in September of every year. 

Please understand that this would involve a $3 per youth 
investment by the church. But membership in BYC includes: 
six issues of the Morning Star, a membership card and bro- 
chure, BYCommunicator newsletters for the advisors, and 
most importantly, automatic delegate status to the annual 
National BYC Convention. , 

I challenge you as church leaders and adult members to 
take a look at the Morning Star and to judge for yourselves 
whether or not it is something you would like influencing! 
your youth. Many people prayerfully strive to make thig| 
magazine a positive help in discipling youth. Please help usi 
make it available to more youth. [t" 





In May 


by Charles Beekley I 

TRADITIONALLY, The Brethren Church observes Youtfcj 
Month each May. There is a wide divergence of whaij 
Youth Month is, or should be, among Brethren churches, j 
Youth Month needs to be a part of special observances ir! 
each church. An awareness of young people today will serv({ 
the church tomorrow! 

There are actually two sides to Youth Month, and elements 
of both should be included in your observance: 

(1) During Youth Month some sort of special recognitioi 
should be given to the youth. 

(2) Youth should also be given an opportunity to perforn 
some special service during the month. j 

The recognition the church chooses to give its youth couk; 
have many facets. Some sort of recognition should take placti 
in the morning worship service on at least one Sunday durinj! 
the month. Invite youth to take active roles in the service-i 
perhaps by reading Scripture, offering prayer, providing spej 
cial music, or ushering. You could invite the youth to sit as • 
group in the front of the church for public recognition as .i 
unit of the denomination-wide youth organization. j 

If a member of your youth group is blessed with suitabl | 
gifts, it may even be appropriate to have that member speaJj 

The Brethren Evangelis 


''Hearts Ablaze With the SpiriT 




by Charles Beekley 

The 1983 National BYC Con- 
vention promises to be one of the 
best ever! Highlighting the 
week are concerts by two Chris- 
tian music groups: TRUTH on 
Tuesday night and GLAD on 
Saturday night. 

The BYC will also join the 
\adults in an All -Conference 
\Communion — an important part 
of the 100th Anniversary Cele- 
bration of the Progressive Breth- 
\ren Church. After the Commun- 
ion, the youth will have a 
Icampftre service that will stress 
the importance of total commit- 
ment to a Christian lifestyle. 

Throughout the week an all- 
BYC choir will rehearse. This 
choir will sing anthems and the 
\offertory during the Sunday 
\morning worship service, the 
Iconcluding highlight of Confer- 
\ence week. 

f Special recreation is sched- 
\uled for two afternoons. And on 
friday afternoon we're plan- 
ping a BYC Showcase. We're 
asking any person or group 
with a Christian -oriented talent 
or gift to participate in this 
Showcase. This will not be a 
tompetition but a sharing of 
talents with one another. 
) This year participants in the 
jBYC Convention will have an 
Opportunity to pre-register for 
(he total BYC Convention pack- 
age. A pre -registration form 
kvill be sent to all registered 
youth and advisors in early 
June. The pre -registration 
■ hackage will include an oppor- 
tunity to buy meal tickets, pay 
' for dormitory rooms, and make 
program reservations — all be- 
i fore coming to Ashland. 
\ Youth should plan now to be 
|x part of one of the best BYC 
'Conventions ever! [f] 


(tVlAY 1983 

to the congregation on Sunday morning. 

The youth of the church might be given special recognition 
at a church fellowship event, perhaps a carry-in dinner. At 
this event the young people should be recognized for both per- 
sonal and group achievements, making sure that each young 
person is included somehow in the recognition. Youth should 
be recognized for their achievements in school and community 
affairs as well as in church-related activities. 

Throughout the time, the centrality of Christ in their 
activities and as the source of their abilities needs to be 
stressed. This aspect of the recognition will affirm the youth's 
relationship with Christ as well as keep the focus of the 
gathering where it should be. 

Opportunity should be given during the month for young 
people to express to the church ways the Lord is working in 
their lives. Perhaps testimonials during the Sunday morning 
worship service or at other events in the church life would be 
appropriate. It is important to let the youth know ahead of 
time when they will be called on so they can give adequate 
preparation to their statement of faith. 

As an ongoing recognition of the role of youth in the church, 
adults should strive to incorporate the youth in church plan- 
ning activities on a year-round basis. Some churches include a 
youth representative on their official board (or administrative 
group). It is important that this assignment be a genuine op- 
portunity for participation and not patronizing the youth. 

The concept in this first aspect of Youth Month is a commit- 
ment by everyone in the church to the young people and their 
role — creating a sense of belonging in the life of the church 
and recognizing their contribution to that life. 

Youth Month also needs to be an opportunity for young 
people to demonstrate their desire to serve the church and in- 
dividuals within the church body. The youth groups, along 
with their advisors, need to develop plans for a special level of 
service during Youth Month. Perhaps several hours during 
the month could be spent in a local nursing home or retire- 
ment center, assisting residents and developing relationships. 

Youth need to find opportunities for service to the home 
church as well, perhaps doing "housekeeping" duties around 
the church building and grounds. Advisors might post a list of 
youth responsible so that the congregation can express thanks 
to the individual young people for their work. 

The opportunities for youth to give some special service to 
the church body are limited only by the imagination of the 
youth and their advisors. It is essential that this second as- 
pect of Youth Month not be ignored. Young people in a Chris- 
tian community have a wonderful opportunity for personal 
growth and development based upon the previous sacrifice of 
adults. While the adults are celebrating the potential of the 
young, the young need to demonstrate their appreciation and 
love for their predecessors and their sacrifices. 

It is a union of these two aspects of Youth Month that leads 
to a suitable Christian celebration of continuing growth, [t] 









js I 



the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 


Thoughts About Angels 

I HAVE discovered four things about angels 
that separate them from humans. My dis- 
coveries are nothing new; you've probably 
known these things for a long time. But for 
my editor's sake, I'll repeat them. 

Legend has it that when a bell rings, an 
angel gets its wings. But I've found that 
angels are wingless. Angels don't need wings 
to get around. In fact, they travel faster than 
a speeding bullet. Faster even than light. 
Ezekiel claims that they dart about like 
lightning (Ezek. 1:14). Now that's fast! Logic 
tells me that if they had wings, at such speed 
the feathers would burn off. 

I'd be the first to admit, however, that the 
cherubim and seraphim were "manifested" 
with wings. Ezekiel says the cherubim had 
four wings; and Isaiah claims that the 
seraphim topped them with six. Neverthe- 
less, I prefer not to stereotype all angels 
after these fiery attendants who surround 
the throne of God. Most angels are not like 

The second thing I've discovered about 
angels is that they are asexual — neither 
male nor female. It just makes a prettier pic- 
ture to depict angels as women rather than 
as men. 

Some people believe that fallen angels 
came to earth and manifested themselves in 
human form (which angels are capable of 
doing). In such form they cohabited with the 
daughters of men. They base this belief on 
Genesis 6:2, which states that "the sons of 
God saw that the daughters of men were 
beautiful, and they married any of them they 
chose" iNIV). Pardon my frankness, but I 
think this interpretation is hogwash! 

What the writer of Genesis is saying is 
that members of the faith line (God's chil- 
dren) married members of the unfaith line 
(Satan's children). As a result, they had chil- 
dren (which, incidentally, is a natural re- 
sult). These children became "heroes of old, 
men of renown" (Gen. 6:4). Apparently, they 

also became men of great wickedness. 

As far as I can see (and sometimes I can't 
see very far), there is no scriptural evidence 
that the fallen angels could become men with 
body and soul. And even if they could, they 
wouldn't be referred to as the "sons of God." 
They would be masquerading devils! 

The third thing I've learned about angels 
is that they aren't fickle. They never change. 
Humans often vacillate like pendulums. But 
not the angels. They have a single purpose 
(the unfallen ones), and that is to serve God. 
In that sense, we should emulate them. 

But I think that at one time the angels did 
have a choice. This was when they were 
created. They probably did not exercise their 
ability to choose immediately, but apparent- 
ly they made their choice sometime before 
God began working on the earth. "In the be- 
ginning Grod created the heaven [which 
surely included the angels] and the earth" 
(Gen. 1:1). The initial choice was made the 
instant Lucifer, a high-ranking, four star 
general (or archangel) got it into his being to 
rebel. At that point, in the infancy of the uni- 
verse, all angels had to declare themselves 
either for or against God. It was like voting 
in the Indiana primary. You declare yourself 
either Democrat or Republican, and once you 
declare yourself, you can't cross over except 
in a general election. I suppose if you're a 
Republican you'd say all fallen angels are 
Democrats, and vice versa! 

The fourth thing I've learned about angels 
is that they never wear out. They never grow 
weary in well-doing. (Unfortunately, the fall- 
en ones never tire of doing wickedness 
either.) John says in Revelation, "Day and 
night they never stop saying: 'Holy, holy, 
holy . . .' " (Rev. 4:8). 

You and I need our rest. If we go without 
sleep, we get very tired. In addition, we need 
proper diet and sufficient exercise. But 
angels need not be concerned with any of 
these problems. They never need Geritol! [t] 


The Brethren Evangelist! 


news from the Brethren Church 

North Liberty and Teegarden youth 
present Easter musical drama 

North Liberty, Ind. — The youth 
departments of the North Liberty 
and Teegarden Brethren Churches 
combined to present the musical 
drama, "A Flickering of Hope," for 
Easter Sunday worship services at 
the two churches. The drama was 
written by Rev. Bill Brady, who 
pastors the North Liberty and 
Teegarden congregations. 

The musical focuses upon the 
children's view of the death and 
resurrection of Jesus Christ. Main 
characters are Joseph and Little 
John, who having seen Jesus die 
on the cross have come to the con- 
clusion that the beliefs and good- 
ness for which He stood is now 
over. They see no hope for eternity 
or the future as they remain in the 
I grasp of the hated Roman empire. 
On the other hand, characters 
Mary and Hope, sisters of Little 
'John, believe that Jesus will keep 
His word and rise from the dead. 
1 During a sleepless night, the 
;children hear a commotion at the 
iiGarden Tomb where Jesus was 
..buried. Upon investigation, they 
Idiscover frightened soldiers and an 
empty tomb. Despite this evidence, 
Joseph and Little John remain un- 
iconvinced of the resurrection until 
"they have a face-to-face encounter 
with the risen Lord. The drama 
,also touches on the reactions and 
fears of the soldiers and of the 
other children, friends of the main 
characters, as they discover the 
hope that all people have as they 
place their faith and trust in Jesus 
it Christ. 

' The drama is accompanied by 
music written by Mrs. Lynne 
. Brady, wife of Pastor Brady. These 
musical numbers emphasize the 
■ children's view of Jesus Christ and 
the excitement that he created. 
They also provide an opportunity 
to praise the risen Lord and 


Scene from "A Flickering of Hope. 

Savior, who brings each of us hope 
for this life and for eternity to 

Main characters in the play 
were Joseph, who was played by 
Dale Dreessen at the North Lib- 
erty service and Tim Hostetler at 
the Teegarden service; Little John 
played by Jimmy McCool; Hope 
played by Jaime McCool; and 
Mary played by Tonya Blake. 
Other children were played by 
Billy Brady, Amanda Hostetler, 
Shelly Liggett, Terry Zumbaugh, 
David Matz, and Lisa Matz. The 
soldiers were played by Brian 
Dreessen, David Dreessen, and 
Steve Snell. 

The program was directed by 
Lynne Brady, with help from Mrs. 
Ila Dreessen. The scenery was de- 
signed by Jim and Beth McCool. 
Other parents shared in the monu- 
mental task of preparing the musi- 
cal so that it would be a fitting 
and honoring celebration of the 
resurrection of the Lord Jesus 

In addition to the presentations 
at the Easter Sunday worship 
services, the children performed 
the musical at Miller's Merry 
Manor in Walkerton, Indiana, a 
senior citizens center. The pro- 

gram was well-received by the res- 
idents, and it gave the children of 
the two churches an opportunity to 
meet some of the members of their 
churches who now reside in the 
home and can no longer attend. It 
also gave the children a sense of 
ministry and outreach as they 
shared the good news of Jesus 
Christ with others. 

Hillcrest ladies honor 
men of the church 

Dayton, Ohio — On Sunday, Feb- 
ruary 13, the ladies of the Hill- 
crest Brethren Church celebrated 
St. Valentine's Day by giving the 
men of the church a well-deserved 
"Pat on the Back." Before the wor- 
ship service, each man was given a 
carnation to wear. Then following 
the service, a carry-in dinner and 
short program were enjoyed by all. 
During the program the men 
were thanked for all the work they 
have done for the church. They 
were also treated to their own 
specialized "heart cake" and to a 
lively game of "Truth or Conse- 
quences," which, of course, ended 
up with the men facing the conse- 

— reported by Candy Aldstadt 

May 1983 









Waterloo Church adds library, parking area, 
and makes other Improvements 

Waterloo, Iowa — The First 
Brethren congregation of Waterloo 
made several improvements in its 
church property during the past 
year. Some of these were made 
possible by bequests and memorial 
gifts from members who have gone 
to be with the Lord. 

One of these improvements was 
the conversion of a room adjoining 
the sanctuary into a spacious and 
lovely library and lounge. The 
room at one time had been used 
for Sunday school openings. It is 
now furnished with comfortable 
furniture and many volumes of 
Christian literature. 

The pastor's study and church 
office were also refurbished. The 
walls of these rooms were covered 
with oak paneling, and book 
shelves and a cabinet were built 
into one wall. New carpet, drapes, 
and furnishings were also added. 
According to Rev. Ronald Waters, 
pastor of the Waterloo congrega- 
tion, "These improvements have 
brought glory to our Lord Jesus 
Christ and enjoyment to those of 
us who use them." 

The most ambitious project un- 
dertaken by the congregation was 

The old house at the 
left was torn down and 
removed to provide a 
much-needed parking 
area (below) for the 
Waterloo First Brethren 

the enlargement 
of the church's 
parking area. 
The Waterloo 
church building 
was constructed 
in 1914 with 
very little off- 
street parking. 
The only way to 
gain more parking area was to 
purchase additional property. This 
presented a problem as all adja- 
cent property was residential. 

In the fall of 1981 the congrega- 
tion was offered the opportunity to 
buy the house next to the church 
building, but the majority of the 

Mr. and Mrs. Ulysses Noe ordained deacon 
and deaconess at West Alexandria 

West Alexandria, Ohio — Ulys- 
ses and Faye Noe were ordained 
deacon and deaconess in the First 
Brethren Church of West Alexan- 
dria during the regular morning 
worship service on Sunday, Feb- 
ruary 13. 

Rev. Donald Rowser, pastor of 
the Brethren Church of New Leba- 
non, Ohio, was in charge of the or- 
dination service. He was assisted 
by Rev. Charles F. Ankney, pastor 
of the West Alexandria congrega- 

Following the service, a carry-in 
dinner was shared in the church 
fellowship room. 

— reported by Luella Painter 

Faye and Ulysses Noe 

members felt that the project 
would be too expensive. Then inj 
early 1982 the house was again of-' 
fered to the church. This time the 
vision was greater, and the prop- 1 
erty was purchased with the aid of I 
a bequest. i 

Several of the young families in i 
the church volunteered to tear; 
down and remove the large house 
and garage. Other members, old 
and young, gathered on Saturdays 
and evenings to help remove the 
buildings and prepare the lot for 
grading. In one month the demoli- 
tion was completed, the grading 
was done, stone was spread, and 
the new parking area was in use. 
The parking lot will be paved this 

The Waterloo congregation is 
even more elated that another i 
memorial gift has been used to es- 
tablish an annual scholarship for a 
seminary student at Ashland 
Theological Seminary. 

This is also the 100th anniver- 
sary year of the Waterloo First I 
Brethren Church. The congrega 
tion will hold its centennial cele 
bration in August. 


The Brethren Evangelists 


First Laymen sponsored retreat provides 
variety of speal(ers and activities 

Brooksville, Fla. — Thirty-two 
Brethren men and women from 
three districts took part in the 
first National Laymen's Organiza- 
tion sponsored retreat February 
21-25. The retreat was held at 
Lakewood Retreat Center, a large 
wooded camp that offered a vari- 
ety of recreational opportunities in 
addition to all the facilities neces- 
sary for the meeting. 

The program for the week in- 
cluded Bible studies and inspira- 
tional messages. Speakers were 
Paul Yoder, a layman of the 
Sarasota First Brethren Church; 
Rev. Fred Snyder, pastor of the 
Corinth Brethren Church; and 
Rev. James Koontz, assistant pas- 
tor of the Sarasota First Brethren 

Rev. Kenneth Solomon also 
spoke about the Hispanic ministry 
of the Sarasota First Brethren 

photo by La Vergne Stone 

Some of the men and wives who attended the Laymen's retreat in February. 

Church. In addition, Rev. Keith 
Bennett, pastor of the Blooming- 
dale Brethren Church, and Rev. 
Dale Ru Lon, pastor of the Town 
and Country Community Church, 
shared some of the joys and 
hardships of their ministries in 
these home mission congregations. 
On the final day of the retreat. 

Lenny Seaman retires as administrator 
of Brettiren Care of Astiiand 

the participants took a tour to the 
Town and Country, Bloomingdale, 
and Bradenton churches. Follow- 
ing a banquet at the Cypress Inn 
in Sarasota, they went to the First 
Brethren Church of Sarasota for a 
concert by Paul Schumaker. 

This first Laymen sponsored re- 
treat went so well that another is 
being planned for next year. The 
dates will be February 19-24, and 
it will again be held at Lakewood 
Retreat Center. 

Ashland, Ohio — Lenny Seaman, 
administrator of Brethren Care of 
Ashland, retired on March 31. Mr. 
Seaman, 63, served as head of the 
retirement home and health care 
ijcenter since it was built in 1972. 
I A party was held in honor of Mr. 
Seaman on Wednesday, March 16. 
Among those who attended were 
!his family, friends, and Brethren 
iCare staff and residents. During 
jthe party, Mrs. Ida Lindower, a 
[volunteer worker at Brethren 
Care, read an original poetic trib- 
jute to Mr. Seaman. Mrs. Joyce 
Ludwig, bookkeeper at the retire- 
ment home, read an acrostic trib- 
ute to her retiring boss developed 
pn the word "administrator." Mr. 
iSeaman was also presented a 
scrap book depicting highlights of 
his years at Brethren Care. 

When Mr. Seaman came to 
Brethren Care in 1972, his first 
tasks were to fully staff" the facil- 
ity and to bring in residents. He 

accomplished both. 
During his eleven 
years at Brethren 
Care, 841 people made 
Brethren Care their 
home. He oversaw 
298,233 days of resi- 
dent care. The highest 
yearly rate of occu- 
pancy was 98.69 per- 
cent capacity in 1976. 
On the day of his re- 
tirement party, occu- 
pancy was at 100 per- 
cent of capacity. 

Lenny and his wife 
Frances belong to the 
Park Street Brethren 
Church in Ashland. 
They have four chil- 
dren and two grand- 

Taking over as the 
new administrator of 
Brethren Care is Mr. 
Ken Seege. 

Ashland Times-Gazette photo by Tom Shiftier 

Helen Cox, director of nursing at Brethren 
Care, and Lenny Seaman look at the scrap 
book presented to him at his retirement party. 







May 1983 






President Reagan invited to Asliiand College 
to inaugurate John M. Ashbrook Memorial 

Ashland, Ohio — President 
Ronald Reagan has been invited to 
speak at a May 9 dinner at Ash- 
land College to inaugurate the 
John M. Ashbrook Memorial. The 
Ashbrook Memorial includes nam- 
ing the AC library the John M. 
Ashbrook Memorial Library and 
establishing the John M. Ashbrook 
Center for Public Affairs, to be 
housed on the eighth floor of the 

Ashbrook, who died in April 
1982, served in the U.S. House of 
Representatives for 21 years. He 
was recognized as one of the lead- 
ing spokesmen for the conserva- 
tive philosophy in contemporary 
times. He was a candidate for the 
U.S. Senate at the time of his 

Ashbrook maintained close ties 
with Ashland College throughout 
his career. He received an honor- 
ary Doctor of Laws degree from 
AC in 1963 and served on the 
President's Advisory Council. One 
of his daughters, Barbara, was 
graduated from AC in 1974. 

Ashbrook's family has presented 
his papers and memorabilia to AC 
for display in the memorial library. 
These papers and memorabilia 
will serve as the focal point for 
scholars interested in researching 

and understanding the political 
philosophy and public policies es- 
poused by leaders of the modern 
conservative movement. 

Within the Ashbrook Library, 
the John M. Ashbrook Center for 
Public Affairs will be established 
to help educate students in the 
philosophy and administration of 
public affairs. The center will ad- 
dress current public affairs issues 
with research and writing. 

A curriculum will be designed 
for presenting the conservative 
philosophy to college and univer- 
sity students seeking political sci- 
ence or economics degrees. The 

The Ashland College library. 

Special baby dedication 
and baptism held at 
Cumberland Church 

Cumberland, Md. — A special 
baby dedication and baptism were 
held at the First Brethren Church 
of Cumberland on Sunday after- 
noon, March 13. The occasion was 
special because the participants 
had come from Montgomery, Ala., 
for the service. 

Sergeants Jack A. and Jennie 
Mae Buck, both members of the 
First Brethren Church of Cumber- 
land, are stationed at Montgom- 
ery. But they drove back to their 
home church in order that they 
might dedicate their baby, Jenilee 


Marie, to the Lord, and so that 
their 14-year-old daughter, Edith 
Michele, might make her confes- 
sion of faith and be baptized. 

A large congregation of friends, 
relatives, and members of the 
church were present for the serv- 
ice. The baby dedication and bap- 
tism were performed by Rev. 
Bruce C. Shanholtz, former pastor 
of the Cumberland congregation 
and a long-time friend of the Buck 
family. Both Jack and Jennie were 
baptized by Rev. Shanholtz several 
years ago. 

Following the service, a family 
reunion was held in the church 
— reported by Rev. Bruce C. Shanholtz 

John M. Ashbrook 

center will also conduct continuing 
seminars for non-credit adult stu 
dents, sponsor lectures, and dis 
seminate articles, speeches, book? 
lets, and a periodic newsletter. 

A board of directors composed o 
Ashbrook's friends and associates 
from around the country will par; 
ticipate in the development of th( 
entire Ashbrook Memorial pro 
gram. Co-chairmen for the kickof 
activities are U.S. Senator Stever 
D. Symms, R-Idaho, and Frederic! 
A. Lennon, Cleveland industri 

The May 9 dinner will inaugu 
rate the fundraising activities foi 
the Ashbrook Memorial. "Presi 
dent Ronald Reagan has been in 
vited and we have hopes that h< 
will attend," stated AC President 
Dr. Joseph R. Shultz. Jean S. Ash 
brook, widow of the former con 
gressman, will also attend the din 
ner, as well as Senator Symms 
Mr. Lennon, and several othe: 
members of the Center's board o 

Tickets for a 6 p.m. private re 
ception followed by the 7 p.m. din^ 
ner are $1,000 per couple. Ticket 
for the dinner only are $200 pe 
couple and $150 for an individual 
Both the dinner and reception wil 
be held in the John C. Myers Con 
vocation Center on the Ashlani 
College campus. 

The Brethren Evangelis' 


Dr. Donald Rinehart is inspirational speaker 
at Ohio District Conference 


Canton, Ohio — Ninety-one dele- 
gates attended the meeting of the 
Ohio District Conference held 
March 19 at the Canton Trinity 
Brethren Church. Total attend- 
ance for the meeting was approxi- 
mately 125. 

The Conference began with an 
inspirational session that included 
a vocal solo by Kay Kline, a mem- 
ber of the Trinity congregation, 
and a message by Dr. Donald 
Rinehart, this year's General Con- 
ference moderator. 

Dr. Rinehart's message, entitled 
'Who Am I?," was based on the ac- 

count of man's creation in Genesis 
2:7. He pointed out that this pas- 
sage reveals that mankind has 
both a relationship to the earth 
(man was made of the dust of the 
ground) and a relationship to God 
(man received the breath of God). 
We can't deny our relationship to 
the earth, but neither can we deny 
our relationship to God, as many 
try to do. Denying that we were 
made in the image of God leads to 
senseless sensualism. 

Rinehart concluded his message 
by returning to the question, "Who 
am I?" He answered with a chal- 

Builders Together" is ttieme 
of Souttiwest District Conference 

Tucson, Ariz. — "Builders To- 
gether" (I Corinthians 3:10-11) 
vas the theme of the Southwest 
District Conference held April 8- 

at Northwest Brethren Chapel 
n Tucson. 

The conference opened with an 
nspirational service on Friday 
vening. Rev. James Black, Direc- 
or of Home Missions and Evange- 
Lsm for The Brethren Church, 
resented the message. 

Conference business sessions 
rere held Saturday morning and 
ftemoon. Delegates elected ofTi- 
ers, heard reports, and cared for 
ther business. A slide and tape 
resentation of the work of the 
arious denominational boards 
nd ministries was also shared. 

The election of officers resulted 

1 all of this year's officers being 
Jtumed to their positions. Offi- 
iTs are Rev. William Curtis, mod- 
rator; Robert Rhodes, vice mod- 
rator; Winnie Rhodes, secretary; 
ane Anderson, assistant secre- 
iry; and Jim Fisher, treasurer. 

The statistical report revealed a 
et gain of five members in the 
[strict during 1982 (19 gained, 14 
ist), bringing total membership 
r the three district churches to 
J9. Average Sunday school and 

worship attendances during 1982 
were 104 and 188 respectively. Per 
capita giving was $343, and per 
family giving $945. 

Following the business session 
on Saturday afternoon, two dis- 
trict board of Christian education 
workshops were held. Rev. Clar- 
ence Stogsdill, pastor of the Tuc- 
son First Brethren Church, con- 
ducted a workshop on "Commit- 
ment," and Rev. James Black led 
one on "Outreach." 

The inspirational service on 
Saturday evening included instal- 
lation of district officers and a 
message by Dr. Donald Rinehart, 
this year's General Conference 

The conference concluded on 
Sunday with Sunday school, wor- 
ship, and a carry-in meal. Wes 
George taught the Sunday school 
lesson to an overflow adult class, 
and Dr. Donald Rinehart spoke 
again during the worship hour. 

Activities were also planned for 
the youth attending the confer- 
ence. They attended the Friday 
evening service, then went for an 
outing at the Arizona Brethren 
Camp on Saturday. They returned 
to Northwest Chapel in time for 
the carry-in meal Sunday noon. 

lenge to remember that we are the 
product of God and in the process 
of redemption — a redemption com- 
plete in Jesus Christ. Let us never 
give up the struggle, he said, to be 
everything God intends us to be in 
Jesus Christ. 

In the business session that fol- 
lowed, the delegates elected offi- 
cers and board and committee 
members, heard reports from the 
treasurer, the statistician, and 
from district boards, and took care 
of other conference business. 

Officers elected for the 1983-84 
conference year were Rev. Charles 
Lowmaster, moderator-elect; Betty 
Deardurff, secretary; Pauline Win- 
field, assistant secretary; Thomas 
Stoffer, treasurer; Nancy Romigh, 
assistant treasurer; and Emery 
Hurd, statistician. Last year's 
moderator-elect. Rev. Kenneth 
Sullivan, is the new moderator. 

The annual statistician's report 
revealed that the district experi- 
enced an over-all gain in member- 
ship last year. During the year, 
214 members were added to the 
district and 161 lost, giving a net 
gain of 53. Nine churches showed 
a net gain in membership, eight a 
net loss, one stayed the same, and 
two did not report. Total member- 
ship in the district at the end of 
1982 was 2,959. Average Sunday 
school and worship attendances 
during 1982 were 1,343 and 1,846 
respectively. Both figures were 
three percent higher than in 1981. 
Average per capita giving in 1982 
was $297; average per family giv- 
ing was $639. 

Following the morning business 
session, conference attenders en- 
joyed a delicious lunch, prepared 
and served by members of Trinity 
Brethren Church. After lunch, 
auxiliaries met for an hour, then 
delegates came together for a slide 
and tape presentation of the work 
of the various denominational 
boards and ministries. The confer- 
ence concluded with the installa- 
tion of new district officers. 




Iay 1983 




Paul and Margret Miller, 53rd, May 7. Members of 
the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 

Lawrence and Leilia RuLon, 53rd, May 4. Mem- 
bers of the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 
George and Dorothy Heal, 54th, April 10. Members 
of the Masontown Brethren Church. 

Harry and Escel Mishler, 57th, April 9. Members of 
the North Manchester First Brethren Church. 
Mr. and Mrs. Ora Greer, 54th, April 6. Members of 
the Corinth Brethren Church. 

Dorsey and Eunice Brandenburg, 55th, March 17. 
Members of the North Manchester First Brethren 

Mr. and Mrs. Carl E. Smith, 50th, March 16. Mem- 
bers of the Vinco Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Everett E. Miller, 65th, March 7. 
Members of the New Paris First Brethren Church. 
Walter and Elsie Green, 65th, February 20. Friends 
of the St. James Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Vinco: 5 by baptism 
Hillcrest (Dayton): 2 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Letter to the Editor 

President's Address to NAE Convention 

Having attended the National Association of 
Evangelicals convention in Orlando, I sensed that 
President Reagan came on so strongly about the 
Soviet threat and the "fraud" of a nuclear arms freeze 
because he knows that he is in deep trouble among 
evangelicals on this issue. It was an evangelical sena- 
tor, Mark 0. Hatfield of Oregon, who first proposed 
the freeze as an amendment to the Salt II treaty. 
Christianity Today, a major evangelical periodical, 
has editorially endorsed the freeze. Organizations 
such as Evangelicals for Social Action are working 
wholeheartedly for the freeze and eventual arms re- 
ductions. Billy Graham has stated that a nuclear 
holocaust is almost certainly inevitable if the arms 
race is not stopped. John Stott, a noted evangelical 
leader, has declared himself a nuclear pacifist. 

Evangelicals are the prime movers of a conference 
in May on "The Church and Peacemaking in a Nucle- 
ar Age" which will address what a Christian response 
to the perils of the arms race should be. All of this was 
obscured to the eyes of many observers when the or- 
chestra played "Onward Christian Soldiers" as Presi- 
dent Reagan left our gathering. But not all of us were 

Jeffrey D. Weidenhamer 
St. Petersburg, Florida 


Weddings ^ 

Lori Sack to Randy Fisher, April 30, at the Bryan 
First Brethren Church; Marhn McCann, pastor, of- 
ficiating. Members of the Bryan First Brethren 

Sherry Bechtol to Zenn Daniels, April 9, at the 
Bryan First Brethren Church; Marlin McCann, pas- 
tor, officiating. Bride a member of the Bryan First 
Brethren Church. 

Patricia Lynn Single to Gary Wayne Boyer, April 
9, at the Vinco Brethren Church; Don Wagstaff, pas- 
tor of the Johnstown Second Brethren Church, of- 
ficiating. Groom a member of the Johnstown Second 
Brethren Church. 

Janice Reahard to Joe Chapman, March 26, at the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church; Archie I 
Nevins, pastor, officiating. ' 

in l\/lemory 

Rev. Guy F. Ludwig, 81, April 6. Member of the 
Church of the Brethren but attended the First Breth- 
ren Church of Sarasota. Rev. Ludwig was ordained an 
elder in The Brethren Church in 1940. He served the 
Mathias, W. Va., Brethren Church for 17 years, the 
First Brethren Church of Pittsburgh, Pa., and the 
Main Street Brethren Church in Meyersdale, Pa. He 
then joined the Church of the Brethren and pastored 
the Church of the Brethren in Grantsville, Md., and 
the Church of the Brethren in Laurel, Md. Funeral 
services were held in Wardensville, W. Va., with 
burial in Mathias. 

Arthur E. Boyer, 77, April 6. Member of the North 
Manchester First Brethren Church. Services by Rev. 
Woodrow Immel assisted by Rev. Archie Nevins. 

Alice E. Lape, 86, April 5. Member for 42 years of the 
Elkhart First Brethren Church and past Indiana State 
WMS president. Services by Daniel Gray, pastor. 
Joseph C. Yunker, 82, April 5. Active for many 
years in the Flora First Brethren Church. Services byj 
Alvin Grumbling, pastor. 
Marion Richard Amott, 79, March 25. Member ofS 
the Papago Park Brethren Church. Services by Rev 
H. Francis Berkshire. 


Wilber A. Ford, 61, March 24. Member of the Vincoi 
Brethren Church. Services by Carl H. Phillips, pastor. 
Myrtle Marie Sites, 87, March 23. Member of the 
Cerro Gordo Brethren Church. Services by Stephen S. 
Cole, pastor, and Rev. David Stogsdill. 

Theodore R. Overdorf, 78, March 12. Member of the 
Vinco Brethren Church. Services by Carl H. Phillips, 

Leslie E. Hostetler, 38, February 6. Member of the 
Johnstown Second Brethren Church. Services by Don 
Wagstaff, pastor. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


(zd, \nno 




(ZU\ ^^^^ 



iiland Theological Seminary alumni and friends are 
ied to pledge $1,000 or more, payable over a four-year 
I iod, as an integral part of the seminary's $1 million 
DJtal campaign, "A Time of Opportunity." 

JExpansion of the endowment fund is both timely 
i urgent. In the decade ahead, Ashland Seminary 
St cope with spiraling inflation, fluctuating enroll- 
nts, escalating energy costs, curtailed student-aid 
iding, and unexpected demands on institutional 
ources. To achieve long-term financial stability, 
intain high academic standards, and presen/e its 
tinctive character, seminary endowment revenues 
St be dramatically increased. 

'As an integral part of the capital campaign, ATS 

1)00 endowment gifts will assure funding for 
dent scholarships, an excellent faculty, and proper 

1 intenance of the Ashland Seminary campus. 

Your membership in ATS 1 ,000 is an enduring affir- 

t'ltion of Ashland Seminary's unique role in private 

liher education, past, present, and future! 

NOW . . . 

. . . let's talk about your $1 ,000 dollar gift to the 
Ashland Seminary Endowment Fund. By working 
together we can rise to untold dimensions. 

Seminary alumni and friends each contributing 
a minimum of $1 ,000 over the next four years will 
increase the seminary's endowment fund to meet the 
increasing challenges that lie ahead. 

"A Time of Opportunity" 

One thousand dollars seems like a lot of money, 
true, but it is only $250 per year or $20.84 per month. 
And, you can personally join any one of four mem- 
bership groups: 

• Individual, Business/Organizational — businesses, 
fraternities, sororities, alumni chapters, churches, 
service clubs, etc. Business/Organizational mem- 
berships require a minimum pledge of $4,000 
over four years. 

• Memorial — honoring deceased loved ones or 

• Honorary — recognizing living individuals, par- 
ents, children, or friends 

A membership directory will be maintained with 
updated membership lists published annually. 


Detach Here 


• .S, I wish to join ATS 1 ,000 and support the 
'.hland Seminary Endowment Fund by investing: 

- $1,000 or more within four years 

. $4,000 or more for business/organizational 

- I will assist also in recruiting new ATS 1 ,000 

^ise print or type: 


-y, state, zip 



Total pledge $_ 


Individual, Memorial, Honorary 

□ Annually ($250) 

□ Semi-annually ($125) 
n Quarterly ($62.50) 

□ Monthly ($20.84) 

□ Other 


□ Annually ($1,000) 

□ Semi-annually ($500) 

□ Quarterly ($250) 

□ Monthly ($83.34) 

□ Other 

Date payment will start . 

Please make checks payable to Ashland Seminary. 

Send to: Ashland Theological Seminary 
910 Center St. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Have you decided 
what you can give 

to the 

Centennial Heritage Auction 

and Crait Saie? 


"•II II 



We're only three months away from this year's excit- 
ing Centennial General Conference celebration. And 
that means three months until the Centennial Heritage 
Auction, August 13! 

Have you decided what you'll donate to the Auction/ 
Craft Sale? Now is the time to make your decision. 
Listed at right are several suggestions, but don't limit 
your thinking to these ideas. (Your local "go-getter" has 
a more comprehensive list of suggestions. You may 
have other ideas, too.) 

We especially need donations of larger items. And 
early reporting of your planned donations will help us 
promote the Auction and assure a large crowd. 

Of course, all proceeds from the Auction/Craft Sale 
will benefit Brethren Church ministries. 

Similar Mennonite sales have generated over 
$200,000 in one day. Dare we dream that high? 

Tell your local "go-getter" this week what you plan to 
donate. Or send the information to: 

Auction/Craft Saie Committee 

Attention: Judi Gentle, Coordinator 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Plan now to participate in the 

Auction/Craft Sale 

during General Conference week! 


August 13 — 11:00 a.m. 

Craft Sale 

throughout the week 

Suggested items: 



Brethren Memorabilia 

Stained glass 





Cash donations 

(toward administrative 


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S. (a CO 


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■ ^ The Brethren 


June 198m 

rin , 

m n 

The Presidents Meet At Ashland College 

Learning From Our Heritage^ 

by Dale R. Staffer 

Salvation: The Christian Life 






Si' h; 

'^^"11 II * I 

ICi. -J! 

[Its' '" 


! ,i: 

BRETHREN have understood salvation as both 
an event and a process. As an event, salva- 
tion involves the perfect, once-for-all sacrifice of 
Christ on the cross for our sins. Our acceptance of 
Christ's finished work of salvation also has an 
event side. It involves our personal commitment 
to Christ as Lord and Savior and God's gracious 
gifts of forgiveness and the Holy Spirit. 

But salvation is also presented in Scripture 
as an ongoing process of maturation, which is 
brought to completion only when Christ returns. 
In this article we want to explore this process — 
generally termed sanctification — which involves 
our growth in faith and holiness. 

The Apostle Paul clearly indicates that salva- 
tion has not only past and future aspects, but also 
a present facet (note all three in Phil. 1:6; for the 
present side of salvation see also I Cor. 1:18; II 
Cor. 2:15). Paul admonishes believers not to be 
content with simply receiving Christ; they are to 
move forward in daily reliance upon Him (Col. 
2:6). The Brethren likewise from their beginnings 
have insisted that the new birth must always be 
followed by the new life in Christ. 

Paul uses various means to describe the growth 
process that is to characterize the Christian life. 
In Galatians 5:16-26 he indicates that the power 
source for the new life is the Holy Spirit (cf Eph. 
3:16). As we yield to the Spirit's leading, we are 
able to walk more perfectly according to God's will. 

This same passage reveals a second ingredient 
in sanctification: the bearing of fruit. If we are 
truly walking by the Spirit's power, our life will 
evidence this fact outwardly in visible fruit (see 
the fruit of the Spirit in Gal. 5:22-23). As Breth- 
ren, we have emphasized the truth that a life 
lived inwardly in dependence upon the Spirit's 
leading will always yield outward fruit (note The 
Brethren Church logo, which has grape leaves 
and clusters on the cross). 

A third characteristic of the Christian life un- 
derscored by Paul is that the goal of our growth is 
Christlikeness. In Galatians 4:19 Paul indicates 
that his goal is to have Christ formed in the Gala- 

tians. In Ephesians 4:13 Paul states that we are to 
grow into "the measure of the stature which be- 
longs to the fullness of Christ." In I Thessalonians 
1:6 Paul commends the Thessalonians for becom- 
ing imitators of himself and the Lord. These pas- 
sages reveal that we are so to imitate the qual- 
ities seen in Jesus Christ that His life becomes 
more and more visible in our own. 

A question that has had differing answers in 
the Christian community is the means by which 
we are sanctified. Some Christians believe we arei 
justified by grace through faith, but sanctified hyl 
obedience to God's law. (Many of these groups] 
have their own special rules and codes which a 
true Christian should observe.) 

The problem with this view is that Paul makes 
no such sharp distinction between the means for 
our justification and the means for our sanctifica- 
tion. Indeed, he sees the same method at work in 
both: it is by faith made possible by God's gracei 
Paul makes this abundantly clear in Galatians^' 
2:20: ". . . the life which I now live in the flesh I 
live by faith in the Son of God . . ." (see also U 
Thess. 2:13). In the very next verse Paul indicates^ 
this view in no way nullifies the grace of God. 

If one reads the book of Galatians carefully, it isi 
obvious that the problem in the Galatian churcb 
was the belief that they could be perfected 
(sanctified) by works of the Law (Gal. 3:2-3). In re-- 
sponse to this problem, Paul gives one of the best 
definitions for sanctification: it is faith working 
through love (Gal. 5:6). 

This last point raises the whole question of thci 
motivation for doing what we do as Christians. Isl 
not obedience to God's will an important part o; 
the new life? Yes, it is. But do we obey out of feai| 
and the compulsion to live up to someone's exterj 
nal code, or do we obey as an expression of ouij 
deep love for God and our desire to please Him'! 
Scripture is very clear about the answer (se(| 
Matt. 22:37-38; John 14:15,21,23; II Cor. 5:9! 
Eph. 5:10; Col. 1:10; I John 5:2-3). Let us so lovd 
God for what He has done for us in Christ that w( ; 
seek "to please Him in all respects." [t | 

The Brethren Evangelis': 

V ^ The Brethren -^ • - 


Serving The Brethren Church 
throughout its one hundred years. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Alvin Shifflett 
Dale R. Stoffer 

Business Manager: 

Ronald W. Waters 

Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for The Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
ipany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
100% church lists; $8.75 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.50 for individual sub- 

iSingle-copy price: 80c 

jChange of address: Please notify us at 

lleast three weeks In advance. Clip old ad- 

jdress from back of magazine and send 

with new address. 

Authors' views are not necessarily those 

of The Brethren Church or the Brethren 

Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor A writer's packet 
with query tips Is available upon written re- 

jUnsollclted manuscripts are also wel- 
come. However, the publisher assumes 
•no responsibility for return of unsolicited 
Imaterial not accompanied by a stamped, 
jself-addressed envelope. 

[Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

■Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
[the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
'College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792. 
f^ember. Evangelical Press Association 


Ashland College President Joseph 
R. Shultz presents United States 
President Ronald Reagan a plaque 
\in appreciation for his visit to Ash- 
\land College on May 9, 1983. For 
an account of President Reagan's 
yisit see pages 4-7. See page 7 for 
a picture of the plaque. 

photo by John Dellerba 

June 1983 

Vol. 105, No. 6 

June 1983 

4 The Day the President Came to Ashland College 

Editor Richard Winfield gives an account of President Ronald 
Reagan's visit to Ashland College for the John M. Ashbrook 
Memorial Dinner. 

8 The Brighton Chapel Brethren Church: 

A Friendly, Growing Congregation 

Sherry Van Duyne tells why she and her husband have made 
Brighton Chapel their church home. 

10 Providing for the Retirement 

Needs of Brethren Pastors 

Dale P. Ru Lon tells how the Retirement Fund of The Brethren 
Church is helping Brethren pastors prepare for their retirement 

12 A Centennial Statement 

The Statement of Faith Task Force presents a tentative state- 
ment of Brethren belief for Brethren to study in preparation for 
discussion at the 1983 General Conference. 


2 Learning From Our Heritage 
11 The Salt Shaker 
16 Update 

Notes About This Issue 

Three items in this issue of the Evangelist deserve special 
attention. The first of these is "A Centennial Statement," on pages 
12-15. This tentative statement of Brethren beliefs is scheduled for 
discussion on Thursday morning of General Conference, after which 
it will be put into final form. The statement is printed here so that all 
Brethren might have a chance to study it before Conference. Please 
take time to read this statement carefully to make sure that it 
adequately reflects what Brethren believe. 

The second item is "The Salt Shaker," on page 1 1 . In this issue 
Rev. Shifflett departs from his usual lighthearted style and takes a 
serious look at a life and death matter. Rev. Shifflett also suggests 
appropriate action for those who agree with his "Alternative to Nuclear 

Finally, page 22 contains a reservation form for General Confer- 
ence housing. If you plan to attend Conference in August, clip this 
form and send your reservation for housing soon. Detailed informa- 
tion about the Conference program will appear in next month's issue 
of the Evangelist. 



i: Is 



Listening to President Reagan speak are (left to right at the head table) Mr. William Rusher, Mrs. Alia 
Lennon, Mrs. Jean Ashbrook, Mr. Fred A. Lennon, Sen. Steven D. Symms, Mrs. Nancy Reagan, Dr. Joseph-, 
R. Shultz, Mrs. Fran Symms, and Mrs. Doris Shultz. photo by Bob Myers 

The Day the President j 
Came to Ashland College | 

by Richard C. Winfield | 

Ashland College on Monday evening, 
May 9, 1983. He came to speak at the John 
M. Ashbrook Memorial Dinner held by the 
college in order to inaugurate the John M. 
Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs. 

But for most Ashlanders, the purpose of 
the visit was incidental to the occasion. The 
important fact was that the President of the 
United States was in their town and at their 
college. This was the first-ever visit of an in- 
cumbent President to Ashland 

It was an exciting time. The excitement 
began building weeks before, when it was 
first announced that the President had been 
invited to speak at the Memorial Dinner. 
Ashlanders kept asking themselves and one 
another, "Do you think he'll really come?" 
Many hesitated to believe that he would, for 
fear that they would later be disappointed. 

Excitement mounted when confirmation 
came that the President would attend the 
dinner and as preparations intensified for his 
visit. Daily articles in the local newspaper 
reported on nearly every aspect of those 
preparations. And the President's visit was a 
subject of conversation everywhere in town. 

Advance visits by Secret Service agents ancj 
trial runs by Marine helicopters added to thej 
excitement. But they also reinforced a con! 
cern often expressed in the days preceding i 
the President's coming — that his visit not be 
marred by any threat to his safety. 

At the college there was a flurry of activit)! 
as buildings and grounds were spruced upj 
arrangements were made for the numerous! 
other dignataries who would attend the occa- 
sion, meal preparations were carried out, anc 
myriads of other details were cared for 
These activities were not limited to the col-i 
lege, for the town was getting ready for th^ 
President's visit as well. 1 

Then the great day came — a bright sunn>| 
day, but a bit chilly with a high of arouncj 
50°. Though schools were in session and fac 
tories and businesses in operation, there wai] 
nevertheless a holiday atmosphere in Ash- 
land. The town was abuzz with talk of thf 
President's coming. 

Even though the President was not due tc 
arrive until 5:55 p.m., people began to gather 
along the motorcade route early in the after-! 
noon. By 5:30 p.m. they were standing sev-; 
eral deep along the three-quarter mile route! 

The Brethren Evangelist! 

A.nother estimated 2,000 were gathered near 
;he high school where the President's heh- 
:opter and the four accompanying helicopters 
were to land. All were hoping to get a 
jlimpse of the "real President" whom they 
lad only seen on television and in films. 

At 5:40 p.m., Air Force One, the Presi- 
dent's plane, landed at Mansfield-Lahm air- 
)ort. After a very brief ceremony during 
ivhich Mansfield's mayor presented the Pres- 
dent a key to that city, President and Mrs. 
ileagan boarded the presidential helicopter 
br the flight to Ashland. 

The helicopter landed in the Ashland High 
School parking lot right on schedule at 5:55 
3.m. There the President and First Lady 
ivere whisked into the presidential limousine 
which had been flown to Mansfield and driv- 
en to Ashland earlier) for the drive to the col- 
ege. Twenty-seven other vehicles accom- 
)anied the President's limousine down King 
Eload, passing the houses of The Brethren 
Church's Director of Pastoral Ministries Wil- 
liam Kerner and Director of Denominational 
jBusiness Ronald Waters along the way. 
\ It was during this brief motorcade that 
most Ashlanders got their only glimpse of 
!;he President. And it was just a glimpse. But 
for most, this seemed to suffice. They knew 
that the President of the United States was 
in their town, and that was enough. Many of 
these people then went home to watch more 
'3f the President's visit on television, for the 
Ashland College TV department broadcasted 
:he Ashbrook Memorial Program, including 
:he President's message, live over local cable 

Not everyone along the motorcade route 
lad come just to see the President, however. 
5ome were there to protest various of his pol- 
cies — on nuclear weapons, unemployment. 

Hundreds of well-wishers and 10,000 red, white, and blue balloons 
velcome President and Mrs. Reagan as the presidential limousine ar- 
ives at the Ashland College Convocation Center, photo by John Dellerba 

FUNE 1983 

etc. In all, there were an estimated 200 pro- 
testers. Though quite vocal, they were gener- 
ally orderly, and no problems developed. 

One event particularly enjoyed by the 
spectators along the motorcade route, and by 
the President and First Lady as well, was the 
release of 10,000 helium-filled red, white, 
and blue balloons. 

The motorcade ended all to quickly as it 
reached the AC campus and the President 
and First Lady were ushered into the John 
C. Myers Convocation Center. Then began 
the second phase of the evening's activities, 
the reception for the President followed by 
the Memorial Dinner. 

For nearly an hour preceding the Presi- 
dent's coming, reception and dinner guests 
had been arriving at the Convocation Center 
and passing through the airport style secu- 
rity checks. The 135 couples that had pur- 
chased $1,000 tickets went to the Claremont 
Room, where they awaited the private recep- 
tion with the President held from 6:00 to 
6:30 p.m. Those who had purchased $200- 
per-couple tickets for the dinner only 
crowded into the Convocation Center 
cafeteria, where they enjoyed hors d'oeuvres 
and conversation until time for the banquet. 
After the President's arrival, the evening 
proceeded on a strict timetable. At 6:35 p.m., 
seating of guests began in the main dining 
room of the Convocation Center (the same 
room where Brethren General Conference is 
held). Approximately 1,250 diners were seat- 
ed in this room, with another 150 served 
downstairs in the AC 'cent room then brought 
upstairs for the program. Also crowded into 
the main dining room were a couple of 
hundred media people who had come to cover 
the event. 

At 6:50 p.m. Ashland College President 
# ,, #• ♦^ Dr. Joseph R. Shultz intro- 
duced the master of cere- 
monies for the dinner, Steven 
D. Symms, U.S. Senator from 
Idaho. Sen. Symms, in turn, 
introduced the special guests 
at the head table as they en- 
tered and were seated. The last 
to be presented were Presi- 
dent and Mrs. Ronald Reagan. 
They entered the room to the 
strains of "Hail to the Chief," 
played by a band made up of 
Ashland College and Ashland 
High School personnel, includ- 
ing several Brethren musi- 
cians. The band continued to 
play as the Ohio National 
Guard Color Guard presented 
the Colors, and for the singing 






of "The National Anthem." Following an in- 
vocation by Mr. William Rusher, publisher of 
National Review, the dinner was served. 

Promptly at 8:20 p.m., the John M. 
Ashbrook Memorial Program began. Sen. 
Symms presented Dr. Joseph Shultz, noting 
in doing so that it was Dr. Shultz's birthday. 
Dr. Shultz, after commenting that it was 
sure nice to have a few of his personal 
friends drop by for his birthday, welcomed all 
who were present, extended an invitation to 
President Reagan to return to the college in 
1985 to speak at Commencement, and re- 
viewed the purpose of the occasion. 

Sen. Symms then introduced Mrs. Jean 
Ashbrook, the widow of John M. Ashbrook. 
In her remarks, Mrs. Ashbrook expressed her 
deep appreciation for the John M. Ashbrook 
Memorial, calling it a living memorial to 
perpetuate the conservative thinking es- 
poused by her husband. Mrs. Ashbrook also 
praised former State Senator Thomas Van 
Meter (a member of the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church), who first broached to her 
the idea of establishing a memorial to her 
husband on the Ashland College campus. 

Following the remarks by Mrs. Ashbrook, 
Mr. Fred A. Lennon, a Cleveland indus- 
trialist and chairman of the Ashbrook Center 
board of directors, presented President 
Reagan for his address. 

The President's twenty-five minute speech 
began with a review of the life, political philos- 
ophy, and accomplishments of John Ashbrook. 
He noted Ashbrook's "vigorous advocacy of 
traditional American principles of govern- 
ment," a man who "fought a long, hard, and 
frequently losing battle against the encroach- 
ment and intrusions of big government." 

The President then went on to develop how 
this struggle for America's traditional values 
and against the intrusion of big government 
is one his administration continues today. He 
related this to two particular areas — the 
economy and defense. 

The late John M. 
Ashbrook served in 
the U.S. House of 
Representatives for 
21 years. He was 
recognized as one 
of the leading 
spokesmen for the 
conservative philos- 
ophy of government 
in contemporary 
times. He was a 
candidate for the 
U.S. Senate from 
the State of Ohio at 
the time of his death 
in April 1982. 

Ashbrook had 
close ties with Ashland College throughout his career. 
He received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from 
AC in 1963 and served on the AC President's Advisory 

Ashbrook's family has presented his papers and 
memorabilia to Ashland College to be housed in the AC 
library, which will be named in his honor. 

President Reagan jokes with the crowd during the private reception. Behind 
him are Dr. Shultz, Mrs. Ashbrook, and Mrs. Reagan. photo by Tom Roepke 

In the area of the economy, he maintained 
that current administration policies of lim- 
ited government have brought inflation 
down to 0.5 percent for the past five months, 
reduced Federal income taxes by $700 for aj 
median-income family, and brought the be-j 
ginning of solid economic recovery. ! 

On the subject of defense, he set forth his| 
determination to carry out a three-point rec- 
ommendation made by a blue-ribbon, bi-par- 
tisan commission that recently studied the 
strategic forces of the United States. Theset 
recommendations include (1) continuing a 
strategic modernization program; (2) build- 
ing and deploying the MX missile and de- 
veloping a small, single-warhead missile; 
and (3) continuing arms control negotiations. 
"Only when the Soviets are convinced that 
we mean business will arms control agree- 
ment become reality," the President said. "We 
are not building missiles to fight a war, wei 
are building missiles to preserve the peace." 
To conclude his message, the^ 
President referred again to the 
political principles of John 
Ashbrook and said, "We owe it 
to him, to ourselves, to our! 
children to stand by those' 
principles, to persevere until 
. . . our cause has won the day,! 
inspired the world, and shown 
the way to a tomorrow worthy; 
of all our yesteryears." I 

Following this address, Dr.? 
Shultz presented the President; 
with a John M. Ashbrook 
Memorial Plaque as a token ofj 
appreciation for his visit to! 


The Brethren Evangelist- 

photo by Bob Myers 


Joseph R. 
Shultz pre- 
sented this 
plaque to 
Reagan in 
tion for his 
visit to 

Ashland College. The program was then 
brought to a conclusion with a benediction by 
Philip M. Crane, U.S. Representative from 

Though it was already past the time set for 
the President's departure, he seemed in no 
hurry to leave. He took time to chat with 
people at the head table and to shake hands 
with a few other guests before leaving the 
Convocation Center. But soon he was again 
ushered into his limousine, and the motor- 
cade made its way back along King Road. 
Once again there were well-wishers and a 
few protesters along the way, but not nearly 
so many as earlier in the day. By 9:20 p.m. 
jthe President and First Lady were at the 
high school. They immediately boarded the 
presidential helicopter and were on their 
way. The President's visit had come to an 

But the excitement was not over for the 
people of Ashland. After breathing a sigh of 
jrelief that the President had come and gone 
without incident, they continued to talk 
jabout his visit for the rest of the evening and 
,in the days to follow. Many stayed up that 
evening to watch the eleven o'clock news to 
|catch the coverage given the event by the 
fthree Cleveland TV stations. 
! And the effects of President Reagan's visit 
(will live on. Many Ashlanders, particularly 
those connected in some way with Ashland 
iCollege, will remember for years the day 
they hosted the President of the United 

1 The President's visit has also had its effect 
Ion Ashland College. This event put the col- 
lege in the national limelight. An announce- 
ment of the occasion went to 500 radio and 
television stations, magazines and newspa- 

pers, and other media agencies such as Time, 
Newsweek, and U.S. News and World Report. 
Both the NBC Today show and ABC's Good 
Morning, America gave coverage to the event 
the next morning. Regional news media gave 
more extensive attention to the occasion, 
with a number of newspapers doing feature 
or human interest stories about the college 
and the President's visit. Some of these 
stories mentioned the college's historic con- 
nection with The Brethren Church. 

Because of this coverage, awareness of 
the college has increased dramatically. 
Thousands of people who had never heard of 
Ashland College now know that the Presi- 
dent of the United States visited this small, 
Midwestern, liberal arts school. The image of 
the college has been enhanced as well. This 
will most certainly result in a number of pro- 
spective students giving serious considera- 
tion to attending Ashland College. [t] 

Brethren at the Memorial Dinner 

The Brethren Church was well-represented at the 
John M. Ashbrook Memorial Dinner, at which President 
Reagan spoke. In addition to numerous Brethren who 
are a part of the Ashland College and Seminary admin- 
istration, faculty, or staff who attended the dinner, the 
following Brethren were also present. 

Mr. & Mrs. Harvey Amstutz, Smithville 

Mr. & Mrs. Gault Aurand, Shelby (Ashland Church) 

Rev. Mark Baker, Carmel 

Mr. & Mrs. David Barnes, Canton 

Rev. & Mr'j. Eugene Beekley, Sarasota 

Mr. & Mrs. Richard Birch, Marianna (Highland Church) 

Mr. & Mrs. Keith Boales, Ashland 

Rev. & Mrs. David Cooksey, Lanark 

Rev. John Edwards, Arcanum (New Lebanon Church) 

Ms. Joanne Emerick, Houston 

Mr. Craig Harding, Ashland 

Mr. & Mrs. O.B. Harding, Ashland 

Mr. & Mrs. R. Wellington Klingel, Smithville 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert Kropf, Goshen 

Mr. & Mrs. Terry Lash, Ashland 

Mr. & Mrs. Mark Martin, Ashland 

Mr. & Mrs. Donald Mossey, Elkhart 

Ms. Deborah Munson, Ashland 

Rev. & Mrs. Alvin Shifflett, Nappanee 

Mr. & Mrs. George Snyder, Ashland 

Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Stoffer, Canton 

Dr. & Mrs. C.J. Thomason, Ashland 

Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Van Meter, Ashland 

Mr. & Mrs. Ronald Waters, Ashland 

Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Watkins, Louisville 

Mr. & Mrs. Elton Whitted, Ashland 

Mrs. Benjamin Zercher, Ashland 

Dr. Donald Rinehart, the 1983 General Conference 
Moderator, attended the dinner, but did so as an AC ad- 
ministrator and faculty member and not as a represent- 
ative of the church. The only "official" representatives 
from The Brethren Church were Mr. and Mrs. Richard 
Winfield, who went on behalf of The Brethren Publish- 
ing Company. 

Two Brethren AC students, Mark Britton and David 
Slabaugh, were selected by the college to escort mem- 
bers of the White House staff into the President's 






June 1983 












A Friendly, Growing Congregation 

by Sherry Van Duyne 

I FIRST attended Brighton Chapel Breth- 
ren Church five years ago last November. 
I did so with a certain amount of uncer- 
tainty. All I knew about the church was that 
it was a small rural congregation in the 
northeast corner of Indiana and that it was 
the home church of Fred Burkey, who was 
then Director of Christian Education for The 
Brethren Church. 

My husband Ken and I had been at the 
Brethren Retreat Center at Shipshewana, 
Ind., for almost a year and had not yet found 
a church "home." (Perhaps I should add that 
most of that year was spent in visiting, 
speaking, and getting acquainted in most of 
the other Brethren churches in Indiana.) But 
with our daughter Christy then a year old 
and Ken and I more established in the camp 
routine, we began to feel the need for the 
kind of Christian nurturing and committed 
fellowship that can only come through par- 
ticipating in Christ's body — His church. 

The first thing I remember about our arriv- 
al at Brighton Chapel was the friendliness of 
the people. But to be honest, I was not im- 
pressed by the small group gathered for 
Sunday school. My immediate concern was 
whether there were enough people to have 
classes for the children. I wanted my child to 
be spiritually fed. (I later discovered a very 
good Sunday school program for the chil- 

Mrs. Van Duyne is a homemaker, mother of 
three, and an active member of The Brethren 
Church at the local, district, and national levels. 
Her husband Ken is coordinator of the Brethren 
Retreat Center at Shipshewana, Ind. 

dren.) Then, to my utter astonishment, we' 
had to sit on the very front row for morning | 
worship — you know, the one only the pianisti 
and organist use in most churches. The 
sanctuary was full for the worship service. ! 
On our 18-mile trip home, Ken and I both I 
agreed that Brighton Chapel was what we! 
were looking for — a good, Bible-centered 1 
Sunday school program for all ages, a con- 1 

The Brighton Chapel Brethren Church is lo- 
cated in LaGrange County, a very rural communi- 
ty in northeastern Indiana. The actual village of 
Brighton has a population of about 60. It also has 
two churches but no post office or grocery nor 
even a gas station. 

Rev. John Long, pastor of Brighton Chapel, 
was born and raised in the Brighton area, as was 
his wife Leona. He accepted the call to pastor his 
home church somewhat reluctantly in 1967, think- 
ing that it would possibly be only an interim posi- 
tion. He was ordained in the Brighton church two 
years later. 

Rev. Long serves as a part-time pastor, also 
working as a bank loan officer for Farmer's State 
Bank. He firmly believes that his pastoral ministry 
is enhanced and broadened by the contacts and 
challenges of his work with the bank. 

Mrs. Long is a nurse in obstetrics at the La- 
Grange Hospital. The Longs have two children 
and two granddaughters. 

In January of this year Brighton Chapel re- 
sponded to the expanded needs of the growing 
congregation by hiring Paul Deardurff as Chris- 
tian education director. He shares his time with 
the Brethren Retreat Center in Shipshewana, 
where he lives with his wife Paula and two-year- 
old son John. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

jcem for and friendliness to- 

Iwards new people, and an in- 

'formal yet worshipful service 
with a very loving, biblical 

{message. Over the next sev- 

jeral weeks I also discovered 
another element important to 
our church life — that they 

I needed us too. This may not 
seem significant to anyone 
who has always attended the 

jsame congregation. But to a 

{potentially active worker en- 
tering a new congregation, it 

I is an imperative factor. They 
found out what our gifts and 
talents were and sought to in- 

Ivolve Ken and me wherever 

i possible. That was one way it 

(became "our" church too. 

i I find it hard to believe that this was only 

'five and one-half years ago. Thankfully and 

joyfully we at Brighton Chapel have come a 
long way — a very long way — since then. Let 

ime elaborate. 

f Our average attendance has increased 
from 101 to 158.1 We doubled our number of 
Sunday school classes, started a men's fel- 
lowship, organized a BYC, and began a sec- 

lond WMS. We also have three active Bible 
study prayer groups. All these increases 
made building an additional fellowship/class- 

iroom facility a necessity. This was done and 
is paid for, and now we are praying much 
concerning our very crowded sanctuary. 
We are often asked, "Why is Brighton 

iThis number is the average for 1982 including 
all the snow days. Our first quarter average for 
1983 was 170. 

Brighton Chapel Pastor John Long delivers a 
message during Sunday morning worship. 

June 1983 

The Brighton Chapel congregation at worship on Easter Sunday 1983. 
Mrs. Van Duyne, who wrote this article, is directing the choir. 

Chapel growing?" I have prayed over and 
struggled with this question, and have come 
up with the following answers, which I hope 
will not sound trite. 

(1) The members at Brighton Chapel have 
a good understanding of the fact that they 
are ministers of Christ in this world. Our 
pastor and director of Christian education 
are officially "part-time," so we do not auto- 
matically expect them to do all of the calling 
or counseling or planning or organizing, etc. 
The people are very actively involved, not ex- 
pecting someone else to do everything. Lay 
people can accomplish great things. We be- 
lieve this and practice it. 

(2)We have an informal, outgoing congre- 
gation. This just overflows — it can't be pro- 
grammed. Love, care, and friendliness are 
contagious and must be spontaneous. Every- 
one gravitates to where they feel wanted, 
comfortable, loved, and needed. 

(3) Prayer is an exciting, fulfilling part of 
our fellowship. Over the past four years we 
have sought to educate and encourage each 
member to practice prayer. 2 We have seen 
answers both large and small to prayer. Most 
important, we believe that things do happen 
when we pray, and we claim that truth ex- 

Christ wants His church to reach out in 
obedience, and when we do that He gives the 
increase. We claim that promise for our- 
selves. And I, for one, am confident that God 
is not finished at Brighton Chapel Brethren 
Church. [t] 

2We found Evelyn Christenson's book, What 
Happens When Women Pray (Victor Books), to be 
a valuable and exciting tool. 







Providing for the Retirement 
Needs of Brethren Pastors 

1 'J 



by Dale P. Ru Lon 

ONE of the concerns of people approach- 
ing or entering retirement is, "Will I 
have enough income to live on?" 

This uncertainty affects pastors as well as 
lay people — perhaps more so. Most pastors 
have spent their adult years living in parson- 
ages rather than buying their own homes 
where they could build up equity in real es- 
tate. Often they have been content (and able) 
to "get by" on a salary well below that of 
others with comparable training in related 
fields. And some have taken the option not to 
participate in Social Security on the religious 
grounds that they are opposed to accepting 
benefits based on their "services as a mem- 
ber of the clergy." 

Brethren have a long history of concern for 
the retirement needs of their pastors. The 
first retirement plan for pastors and their 
wives was the Superannuated Ministers' 
Fund formed by the Sister's Society of Chris- 
tian Endeavor (see the February 1983 
Evangelist, p. 12). This fund is presently ad- 
ministered by the Benevolent Board, with 
four individuals receiving benefits. 

The problem with the Superannuated 
Minsters' Fund was that it provided no pro- 
cedure for churches and pastors to plan for 
retirement. Rather, it relied on annual offer- 
ings and provided only a supplement to other 

In 1951 General Conference adopted a 
complete procedure for establishing the 
Board of Trustees of the Retirement Fund, 
Inc. This procedure was recommended by the 
Ministerial Pension and Annuity Plan Com- 
mittee appointed in 1950 and composed of 
J. Garber Drushal, chairman; Delbert Flora; 
L.V. King; and Myron Kem. The Retirement 
Board was made a cooperating board of Gen- 
eral Conference and began functioning im- 

The pension plan went into effect January 

Rev. Ru Lon, pastor of the Town and Country 
Community Church of Tampa, Fla., is president of 
the Retirement Board of The Brethren Church. 
An article on The Brethren Health Care Plan, 
which is also administered by the Retirement 
Board, appeared in last month's issue of the 


1, 1952. All pastors 59 years of age oil 
younger were eligible to join the plan, and! 
several retired pastors are now benefiting; 
from their investment. | 

For a number of years pension funds were I 
invested with a life insurance company, j 
Delbert Mellinger and Smith Rose acted asi 
administrators, receiving contributions from; 
churches and pastors and forwarding them tc; 
the insurance company. 

With rising inflation, pastors expressed 
concern that the plan was not providing a 
sufficient return on investment. In 1978 the 
trustees of the Retirement Fund began their 
quest for a better pension plan. Their goal: to 
find a plan that would yield a significant re- 
turn while protecting the prior investments 
of pastors and churches. 

The trustees contacted four or five differ- 
ent organizations before agreeing upon a 
plan recommended by Tom Jack and John 
Ramsey of Employee Benefit Management 
Corporation. This plan was recently given 
current approval by the Internal Revenue 
Service and meets all the federal require- 
ments for pension plans. 

All Brethren pastors, associates, and em- 
ployees of local churches and denominational 
offices are eligible to participate. Partici- 
pants, in addition to building toward retire- 
ment, are covered by term insurance in the 
event of death before retirement. And all 
participants are fully vested at once. 

The pooled fund has now grown to over 
three quarters of a million dollars and is 
managed for the Retirement Board by finan- 
cial advisors experienced in handling pen- 
sion funds. In 1982 the fund returned over' 
30% on investment. As the fund grows, in- 
vestment opportunities will expand. 

Brethren churches and pastors are encour- 
aged to consider the benefits of the pension 
plan offered by the Retirement Board. Ques- 
tions or inquiries may be directed to me in 
care of Town and Country Community 
Church, P.O. Box 260654, Tampa, FL 336851 
(phone 813-886-9569) or to John Ramsey at 
Employee Benefit Management Corporation,; 
2041 Riverside Drive, Columbus, OH 43221 
(phone 614-486-0238). [t]. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 


* I . 

• ■. » ■ 

An Alternative 
to Nuclear MADness 

AUGUST 6, 1945, went down in history as the 
infamous beginning of the nuclear age. On 
that day an atomic bomb was dropped on 
Hiroshima, killing within minutes over 75,000 
people. There was no protection as men, women, 
and children were engulfed in a burning hell. 

Today two major powers — the United States 
and the Soviet Union — plus five lesser nations — 
China, India, Britain, France, and Israel — possess 
nuclear weapons and the capability of delivering 
them. Furthermore, the nuclear weapons of today 
are far more powerful than the ones built twenty 
or thirty years ago. Even today's smallest nuclear 
warhead is three times as destructive as the bomb 
that fell on Hiroshima. Consequently, we have 
peace with fear — a kind of "Pax Atomica" or peace 
by nuclear threat. 

i Because of the proliferation of nuclear weapons, 
lit only makes sense to talk about a mutilateral 
I freeze. According to the terms of such a freeze, the 
1 balance of nuclear weapons is maintained while 
their level is reduced and no new weapons are de- 

The major problem in all freeze talks is the 
necessity of on-site inspection. On-site inspection 
lis necessary in order to eliminate cheating. But 
ithe Soviets have never agreed to on-site inspec- 
tion, to this day! And when one looks at today's 
I world map, it's easy to see that the Russian bear 
lis not housebroken. 

I So what alternative do we have left? Do we con- 
tinue the arms race at a maddening and costly 
ipace. Or do we trust the Soviet leadership and 
I negotiate a freeze? 

I happen to believe that we have a better alter- 
i native. President Reagan alluded to that alterna- 
tive in a televised speech on defense in March. 
This alternative is called High Frontier. 

High Frontier is not a Star Wars science fiction 
dream. It is a serious proposal by General Daniel 
Graham and a team of "think tank" advisors to 
the President. It is a space-based antimissile sys- 

The High Frontier project requires no major 
scientific breakthroughs, only engineering. The 

June 1983 

President's advisors believe we already have the 
"on the shelf technology to launch this concept. 

Peacemakers should applaud several aspects of 
High Frontier, according to the National Associa- 
tion of Evangelicals. It is purely a defensive sys- 
tem, designed to knock out incoming nuclear mis- 
siles. The system does not use nuclear weapons to 
destroy such weapons. And, according to NAE and 
others, the cost is exceedingly economical when 
compared to increasing the nuclear arsenal. De- 
veloping the system would require spending only 
$50 billion over a five-year period. 

Furthermore, High Frontier is not targeted at 
civilian populations, as is the present MAD 
(Mutual Assured Destruction) policy. It will de- 
stroy missiles in space, not in their ground silos. 

Sixty Minutes did a fifteen-minute spot about 
High Frontier on Easter Sunday. The Soviets are 
racing to develop a laser beam and to put it in 
space before we do. Whoever implements a space 
defense system first will render the other side im- 
potent in nuclear warfare! 

Dr. Gary North, writing in Remnant Review, 
says, "It is not just a High Frontier technolog- 
ically; it is the high ground morally. It cuts short 
the threat of a first strike, something the Bible 
says is immoral, and which was prohibited to the 
Old Testament Hebrews (Deut. 20:10-12)." 

Here is truly a defensive strategy that we can 
take to the peace tables of the world, knowing 
that we have leapfrogged beyond the terror of 
ICBM's and Mutual Assured Destruction. 

High Frontier will not end all wars. Nothing 
will until the Lord returns. But if High Frontier is 
up there, we may have more time to present the 
gospel down here — in peace. 

I urge every reader to contact the President and 
your Senators and Representatives, asking them 
to give this defensive strategy their immediate at- 
tention. Also, contact the National Association of 
Evangelicals and encourage them to put the heat 
on Washington. I've already written. I hope you 
will feel the urgency to do so too. Do it today 
while there's still time. It's the high ground to the 
MADness we're in today! [t] 








■" " '■ I 

A Centennial Statement 1 





When the 1981 General Conference directed that a statement of faith be written for The Breth- 
ren Church, a group of volunteers began at once to work. Agreeing that we are a noncredal fellow- 
ship, they set out to prepare a centennial statement in honor of the denomination's founding in 1883. 

For nearly two years the task force has labored to produce a document that will be a testimony 
to the beliefs and practice of the Brethren in 1983. The centennial statement is in two parts, reflecting 
the historic stance of our church that faith must be seen in life. Although Scripture references do not 
appear in the present form, they may be added in the future. 

General Conference of 1982 considered "Part One: The Message of Faith." On Thursday morn- 
ing, August 11, the 1983 General Conference will discuss the paper as it appears here, and espe- 
cially "Part Two: The Life of Faith." The Brethren Church owes a great debt to the persons whose 
names appear with the document, for they invested hundreds of hours to complete the work. 

May "A Centennial Statement" fulfill its purpose and bring glory to the God whom we serve! 

Dr. Jerry Flora 

THE Brethren Church was formally organized 
at Dayton, Ohio, on June 6-7, 1883. The 
Brethren movement from its beginnings in 1708 
had always avoided a formal creed, fearing that it 
would limit the work of the Holy Spirit in shed- 
ding new light on Scripture. The Dayton Conven- 
tion reaffirmed this historic position that the 
Bible, and the Bible alone, is our all-sufficient 
creed and rule of practice. 

With that unchanging creed, each generation of 
Brethren must struggle under the Spirit's guid- 
ance to discern the meaning of Scripture for its 
life. Such a process has several important values: 
it can give renewed purpose and direction to the 
church; it can bring the church to greater unity in 
thought and practice; and it assists the church in 
declaring its fundamental beliefs to the world. 

This centennial statement, therefore, is not 
meant to be a creed but a milepost in the spiritual 
journey of The Brethren Church. It is a testimony 
of this generation's faith and life. 

Part One: The Message of Faith 

The Word 

Brethren doctrine centers on Jesus Christ as 
the living Word of God. The Holy Spirit progres- 
sively revealed God's one plan of salvation in 
Christ from its first promise in the Old Testament 
to its fulfillment in the New. Given in human 
words in history, the Scriptures of both Testa- 
ments are the inspired Word of Grod, authorita- 
tive, trustworthy, and true in every respect. The 
New Testament, witnessing to the climax of that 
history, is the final rule of faith and life for the 
church. As an expression of grateful love to Grod, 
Brethren believe and obey the Bible, for only the 


written Word reveals to us Jesus Christ, the liv- ! 
ing Word. 

The Triune God I 

The Bible reveals one true and living God in j 
three equal persons: the Father, the Son, and the j 
Holy Spirit. This one God is eternal, infinite, per- \ 
sonal, and perfect. The description and reality of j 
the trinity transcend human reason, logic, and! 
proof; they remain matters of revelation, confes- j 
sion, and worship. In holy love the triune God, by i 
an act of sovereign will, created the universe and | 
all living things. In this activity, as in everything ! 
touching the world of space and time, all three i 
persons of the Godhead participated. ■ 

The Father 

Scripture reveals the first person of the trinity j 
as the Father. The created world testifies to Him | 
in both the external order of nature and the inter- 
nal working of conscience. As the Father of Old 
Testament Israel, He led the nation with parental 
love and care, with warnings, chastenings, and 
promise of inheritance. He sent His beloved Son 
into the world in the person of Jesus of Nazareth. 
All who confess Him as Lord, the Father makes a i 
new creation and adopts as His children. | 

Sin I 

God created humanity, male and female, in His 
own image with freedom to obey or disobey Him. 
As a result of their disobedient choice sin entered 
our race, and its effects of guilt and corruption 
have passed on to every person. The image of Grod, 
though not destroyed, is now distorted. Sin dwells 
in all people, making them unable to please God 
or to escape its power in their lives. The penalty of 

The Brethren Evangelist 

sin is death, but a new, right relationship with 
God is promised to those who accept hfe in Christ 

The Son 

The second person of the trinity is the Son. He 
is the Uving Word, the revelation and revealer of 
the unseen Father. Although He possessed the di- 
vine nature from eternity, the Word became flesh 
for us and for our salvation. He was born of a vir- 
gin and lived the perfect human life upon earth. 
As Man and God, Jesus lovingly gave Himself for 
others in a ministry of service and reconciliation. 
His obedient life led to His sacrificial death in ful- 
fillment of prophecy. Upon the cross He bore sin 
and its penalty in our place. He was raised and 
glorified in the body in which He suffered and 
died. He ascended as Lord and Savior into heaven, 
where He continually intercedes for those who are 
His and from which He will return in glory. 
Therefore He is the source of eternal salvation 
for all who believe in Him, submitting to His 


Salvation is both an event and a process: it is an 
accomplished fact, a continuing walk, and a fu- 
ture hope. Always the gift of God, salvation is 
received by repentance from sin and faith in the 
Lord Jesus Christ, both witnessed to through 
water baptism. In faithfulness to His promises, 
God adopts believers as His children, forgiving 
their sins and giving them His Holy Spirit. They 
in turn demonstrate their faith by obeying the 
commands of Christ and following His example in 
daily living. Scripture uses various terms to de- 
scribe aspects of salvation, but ultimately it 
means Christlikeness — conformity to the image of 
God's Son by the work of His Spirit within us. To 
that end we are kept by the power of God, which 
operates through our faith. 

The Holy Spirit 

The third person of the triune God is the Holy 
Spirit. He was active in creation, the history of 
Israel, the inspiration of Scripture, the ministry of 
Jesus, and the birth of the church. The Spirit 
likewise acts today, opening the mind to under- 
stand Scripture, calling forth the response of re- 
pentance and faith, and giving the desire and 
ability to grow in Christlikeness. The New Testa- 
ment portrays His activity as both event and proc- 
ess: It describes the event using the terms receiv- 
ing, being filled, sealed, and baptized to indicate 
that the Holy Spirit comes to the believer at con- 
version. It describes the process as the Holy Spirit 
filling and equipping Christians at numerous 
times for special tasks. He joins them to Christ's 
church, directs them to a local congregation of be- 
lievers, and bestows on them spiritual gifts for the 
church's ministry. The Spirit's indwelling is to 

June 1983 

make a visible difference in the lives of Christians 
as they yield to, and cooperate with, His trans- 
forming power. 

The Church 

Grod's purpose in human history is to form a 
people for His own glory. This purpose, begun in 
the Old Testament nation of Israel, is continued 
in the New Testament church, which is founded 
upon Jesus Christ. He calls it to be a visible body 
of His followers, extending His own ministry in 
the world. It is composed of all who have received 
Him as saving Lord and have committed them- 
selves to being His faithful disciples. This one 
body finds expression in local communities of be- 
lievers who are responding to the call of God. 
Through mutual submission they covenant to- 
gether for the purposes of worship, nurture, 
evangelism, and service. 

God in His gracious love gave to the church 
special gifts through His Spirit. These gifts, var- 
ied and numerous, have but one purpose: to 
strengthen the body by equipping each member 
for ministry. Love is the framework in which the 
gifts operate and guides their use for the common 

God also gave to the church ordinances, sym- 
bolic rites established by the command and ex- 
ample of our Lord Jesus Christ and His apostles. 
They are pledges of our faithfulness to Him, visi- 
ble declarations of the gospel, and necessary ex- 
pressions of an obedient faith. The ordinances in- 
clude baptism by trine immersion; confirmation 
by the laying on of hands; the threefold commun- 
ion service consisting of the washing of feet, the 
love feast, and the bread and cup; and the anoint- 
ing of the sick with oil. The ordinances uniformly 
testify to the gracious work of the triune God for 
His people in the past, in the present, and in the 

Last Things 

By the sending of His Son, Gk)d inaugurated the 
last days. Therefore the church waits eagerly for 
the consummation of the divine plan in Christ. 
Prior to that, the human body at death returns to 
the dust from which it came. The soul of the 
Christian goes immediately to be with the Lord, 
while the souls of the unsaved enter into torment. 
The climax of God's plan will include the per- 
sonal, visible return of Jesus Christ from heaven 
as King of kings and Lord of lords; the bodily res- 
urrection and judgment of believers unto eternal 
life; the bodily resurrection and judgment of the 
wicked unto eternal punishment; and a new 
heaven and a new earth in which righteousness 
dwells, where the saved will live eternally with 
the Lord. The Bible does not focus on the details 
and order of final events but on how believers are 
to live in light of these things. 

(continued on next page) 









A Centennial Statement 

Part Two: The Life of Faith 

Brethren have asserted from their beginnings 
that believers must hold correct doctrinal beliefs 
and also demonstrate visibly the new life which 
they have received in Christ Jesus. Thus doctrine 
is no mere exercise of the mind but a declaration 
through the entire life that Jesus Christ is Lord. 
For this reason Brethren life, like Brethren belief, 
centers on Jesus Christ. 

God has made available to us in Christ and the 
Spirit, in Scripture and the church, all the re- 
sources needed to live the life of faith. By His life 
Christ exemplified the walk to which we are 
called; by His death He made possible renewed 
fellowship with the Father; by His resurrection 
He revealed the power that is available to us. The 
Holy Spirit now enables us as God's children to 
live in obedience to Scripture and grow in 
spiritual maturity. Scripture provides the teach- 
ing and example of Jesus and the apostles which 
we are to follow as a loving response to God and 
as a means of glorifying Him. The church is the 
gathered community which nurtures believers in 
the life of faith. Using these resources, we can 
demonstrate the new birth through new behavior. 
What we are by faith in Christ we are to become 
by faithfulness to our Lord. 

The Individual 

Personal obedience is a necessary expression of 
faith in Christ. We are to obey the teachings of 
Christ and the apostles not as a means of salva- 
tion, but as a grateful response to the grace we 
have received. Likewise our obedience is not moti- 
vated by slavish adherence to external laws, but 
by inner commitment to love God and please Him 
in all respects. While perfection is unattainable in 
this life, we press on toward the goal of full obedi- 
ence to Christ. 

The Devotional Life 

The devotional life is the practice of private 
worship. It recognizes that the heart of the Chris- 
tian faith is a personal relationship between the 
God of holy love and human beings for whom He 
cares. For this bond of fellowship and love to 
grow, the believer must give consistent attention 
to prayer and to the reading and study of Scrip- 
ture. In faithful devotional life God meets us and 
we meet Him. The effect is the believer's deepen- 
ing trust, growing understanding, and Christlike 

Spiritual Maturity 

Spiritual maturity is the process of transform- 
ing the entire character of the believer into the 


image of Christ. He is the source, the focus, and I 
the goal of this process. Christians mature as they 
practice a vital devotional life, use their gifts for 
the good of others, and demonstrate the fruit of 
the Spirit. The result is a character marked byj 
wisdom, balance, and, above all, love. 

The Family 


God ordained marriage at creation as the 
lifelong covenant between a man and a woman 
that creates a new family unit. The New Testa- 
ment uses the relationship between Christ and 
His church as the model for the union between a 
husband and a wife. The love they share is dem- 
onstrated through mutual respect and support as 
each responsibly serves the other. Exclusive to 
marriage is the sexual relationship. It is God's 
gift, and is for the expression of intimacy and the 
continuation of the human race. 


The family is ordained by God as society's basic 
unit. Its nucleus is a husband and a wife and any; 
children they may have. Scripture commands par-' 
ents to provide the proper environment in whichi 
children can grow physically, emotionally, andi 
spiritually. As an expression of this responsibility, 
The Brethren Church encourages parents to bring] 
their children before the congregation in an act of 
public dedication. By instruction and example,; 
parents are to teach their children about faith in 
God, leading them toward personal acceptance of; 
Christ as saving Lord. Children are to honor andi 
obey their parents, and so learn to become respon-j 
sible individuals through their parents' loving 
support and discipline. All family members share j 
obligation for the care of one another. j 

The Church i 

Worship || 

The church worships when believers gather to; 
praise and honor the living God. His nature and| 
works call forth responses of reverence, submis-! 
sion, adoration, and celebration. These responses' 
take the forms of reading and declaring His Word, 
praying, singing, giving, and other activities that 
glorify God. The worship experience should never 
be taken lightly. It requires preparing the heart, 
focusing the mind, exercising the will, and the 
participation of each worshiper. True worship 
glorifies God and renews His people. 


The source of Christian fellowship is our re- 
lationship with Grod restored through Christ. Fel 
lowship is the bond that forms as God joins believ- 
ers to one another in Christ's body by His Spirit 
True fellowship is Christ-centered, resulting in £ 
unity which is based on truth, love, and humility 
Therefore togetherness without substance, emo 

The Brethren Evangelist 

tion without obedience, or tolerance without car- 
ing cannot be fellowship. Genuine fellowship will 
produce a sense of mutual concern, wholehearted 
service, and abiding joy. The nearest the church 
approaches the divine ideal of fellowship is in the 
experience of the communion service. 


Jesus calls people to follow Him, learn from 
Him, and bring others to Him. This Ufelong proc- 
ess is discipleship. It begins as the Holy Spirit 
ileads persons to repentance and faith in Christ. It 
[continues as they use the resources available in 
Christ and the Spirit, in Scripture and the church, 
jto grow in the life of faith. The church is responsi- 
ble to shepherd and nurture believers in their 
growth. Discipleship is not optional for the Chris- 
itian. The life goal of every believer is Christlike- 


j God has entrusted to all persons resources to 
manage during their lifetime; for example, life, 
family, time, abilities, opportunities, and material 
(Possessions. While providing these for personal 
enjoyment. He likewise instructs believers to en- 
trust all back to Him, to be rich in good deeds, 
generous and willing to share. Our example is 
IChrist, who gave up the riches of glory to become 
(poor for our sake. Because our culture has clouded 
|the difference between real and perceived needs, 
ithe believer must learn to be content with what 
I God has provided and renounce selfish ma- 
jterialism. Stewards who are found faithful do not 
I put their trust in resources; they entrust their re- 
isources to God, using them for His glory and the 
extension of His kingdom. 


; The church is called to be a body which reflects 
I God's character of holy love. Therefore the 
spiritual well-being of each member is its concern. 
This concern is shown in discipline that seeks the 
restoration of members whose behavior is damag- 
ing their relationship with God or other people. 
I The primary responsibility for reconciliation rests 
jwith the person(s) involved. If this responsibility 
is not fulfilled, the church must take initiative 
ito effect reconciliation because persistent sin 
weakens the health of the entire body. If these 
.efforts fail, the only recourse is to remove the un- 
repentant member(s). 

The World 

The State 

God has ordained governments as His agency 
for maintaining social order in a sinful world. 
Christians are to submit to governments by obey- 
ing their laws, paying taxes, and honoring those 
in office. We are to pray for our leaders so that we 
may lead quiet and godly lives. Christians should 

minister on behalf of the downtrodden, working 
within the system to bring about justice. When 
faced with an oppressive social order, they are to 
respond with love, demonstrating within the 
church a Christian alternative. Where obedience 
to Scripture conflicts with the law of the land, be- 
lievers must be willing to suffer for what is right. 
Knowing that both individuals and governments 
are under God's sovereignty, the church summons 
all to repentance and submission to the Lordship 
of Christ. 

Three Negatives 

Obedience to Christ is the center of Brethren 
life. This conviction has led the Brethren histori- 
cally to practice non-conformity, non-resistance, 
and non-swearing. In non-conformity. Brethren 
have sought to follow the way of Christ in con- 
trast to the way of the world. In non-resistance. 
Brethren have renounced the Christian's use of 
violence in combating evil, striving, as far as pos- 
sible, to be reconciled to all persons. In non-swear- 
ing. Brethren have sought to lead such trustwor- 
thy Christian lives that oath-taking becomes un- 
necessary. Every believer must live in a way that 
exhibits to the world the truth and love of Christ. 

Social Concern 

The church is called to be both witness and serv- 
ant in society. As witness, the church is salt and 
light in the world. This includes not only living 
obediently but also addressing the moral and so- 
cial issues of the day from the foundation of Scrip- 
ture. As servant, the church is to radiate God's 
love manifested in Jesus. Among believers we 
seek to express this love through mutual aid and 
care. In the world we seek to minister to the 
whole range of human needs. Service to others is 
in reality service to Christ and a necessary ex- 
pression of our obedience. 


God has reached out in jove through the person 
and work of Jesus to redeem a lost world. He dem- 
onstrated the heart of evangelism by sharing the 
good news with all whom He met. Christ promised 
abundant life to those who respond in obedient 
faith. Following His example, each believer, 
grateful to God and burdened for fallen humanity, 
shares with others the new life in Christ. This 
witness is a natural expression of the total at- 
titude and life of the person under the Lordship of 
Christ. Empowered and encouraged by the Holy 
Spirit, believers model and proclaim good news to 
a dying world for the purpose of making disciples 
and building the church. 

Richard E. Allison William Kerner 
Robert Clough 

Delbert B. Flora 
Jerry Flora 
R. Keith Hensley 
Susan Hyland 

L.E. Lindower 
James P. Miller 
Brian H. Moore 
Charles R. Munson 
George W. Solomon 


Leroy Solomon 
Dale R. Stoffer 
Kenneth Sullivan 
Ronald W. Waters 
Bradley Weidenhamer 
Richard C. Winfield 






June 1983 




news from the Brethren Church 

Park Street Brethren Church holds 
Brethren Centennial Celebration 

Ashland, Ohio — The 95th Gen- 
eral ConJFerence of the Brethren 
Church should certainly be a 
memorable one, as plans are being 
made to celebrate the 100th an- 
niversary of the Progressive 
Brethren Movement and the 275th 
anniversary of the birth of The 
Brethren Church. The conference 
will be held August 8-14 at Ash- 
land College. 

But the people of Park Street 
Brethren Church in Ashland de- 
cided that August was a bit too 
long to wait. So on April 10 the 
congregation gathered for a Pre- 
Conference Centennial Celebra- 

On that evening, nearly 80 
Brethren, including direct descend- 
ants of both Alexander Mack and 
Henry Holsinger as well as several 
Brethren elders, gathered to sing 
and to share in the Brethren fam- 
ily tradition. Time was given for 
Ron Waters, Director of Denomi- 
national Business, to elaborate on 
some of the plans for the 1983 
Conference, and for Judi Gentle to 
tell about the Centennial Heritage 
Auction to be held on Conference 
Saturday, August 13. 

The evening meditation was 
built around the theme, "The 
Brethren Church: Past, Present, 
and Future." Representing The 

Eight Brethren students 
among AC graduates 

Ashland, Ohio — Eight Brethren 
students were among the 523 
graduates who received degrees 
from Ashland College at com- 
mencement exercises held May 14, 
1983. Victor Lasky, a news column- 
ist and author of several best- 
selling books, including It Didn't 
Start with Watergate, presented 
the address for the occasion. Lasky 
was also one of four men presented 
honorary doctors degrees by the 

Other degrees conferred in- 
cluded 20 associate degrees, 309 
bachelors degrees, and 194 mas- 
ters degrees. 

Brethren students receiving de- 
grees were: 

Charles T. Bowers, Jr., a mem- 
ber of the St. James, Md., Breth- 
ren Church, who received a bach- 
elor of music degree {cum laude). 

Mark A. Britton, a member of 
the Derby, Kans., Brethren Church, 
who received a bachelor of science 
in business administration degree. 

Jack N. Purtell, a member of 

Ashland First Brethren Church, 
who received a bachelor of science 
in education degree. 

Deborah L. Seaman, a member 
of Ashland First Brethren Church, 
who received a master of educa- 
tion degree. 

Mark S. Slick, a member of the 
Milledgeville, 111., First Brethren 
Church, who received a bachelor of 
science in education degree. 

Mark D. Solomon, a member of 
the Milledgeville, 111., First Breth- 
ren Church, who received the 
bachelor of science in human de- 
velopment/family services degree. 

Jill Slabaugh Stone, a member 
of the Goshen, Ind., First Brethren 
Church, who received the bachelor 
of science in education degree. 

Jody Wagstaff Jarvis, a member 
of the Johnstown, Pa., Second 
Brethren Church, who received 
the bachelor of science in educa- 
tion degree. 

Former Ashland First Brethren 
Church member Margaret R. Ronk 
offered prayer during the com- 
mencement program. She received 
a bachelor of music degree {magna 
cum laude). 

Brethren Church past, Rev. Henry i 
Holsinger, a leader in the Progres- 
sive Movement in the late 19th 
century, shared his impressions of 
the 1883 Conference and his hopes 

Past Brethren leader Elder 
Henry Holsinger returned to 
share in the celebration. 

for the new group of Brethren 
known as progressives. 

The church present was re-i 
viewed by Dr. Jerry Flora, profes- 
sor at Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary. Dr. Flora noted the changing 
mood of the Brethren in the lastj 
few years and their present pos-l 
ture of growth. 

The church future was consid-; 
ered by seminary student Torr! 
Schiefer. He shared his hopes and| 
excitement about the potential oil 
The Brethren Church. ; 

Following the service, the people 
participated in one of the favoritf I 
Brethren pastimes: eating. A cak(| 
decorated with the Brethren sea; 
and made by Beverly Summy waij 
served as part of the refreshments j 
— Rev. James Miller '■ 
Associate Pastor j 


The Brethren Evangelisi 


Five Brethren high school students 
receive AC Scholars Awards 

Ashland, Ohio — Five Brethren 
high school students have been 
awarded scholarships to Ashland 
College as a result of scores they 
received on AC Scholars Tests 
given at the college on November 
13, 1982, and March 5, 1983. They 
are Beverly Hoover, Laura Lucas, 
Brian Bolinger, Joyce Lamb, and 
jPaula Hamilton. Beverly Hoover 
land Laura Lucas both received 
full-tuition scholarships, while 
Brian, Joyce, and Paula received 
partial scholarships. 

Beverly Hoover is the daughter 
of Mr. and Mrs. Doyle Hoover of 
[North Manchester, Ind. She is a 
member of the First Brethren 
Church of North Manchester, 
where she is active in the youth 
^oup and sings in the youth choir. 
She was selected as a 1983 Sum- 

Beverly Hoover Laura Lucas 

mer Crusader and will serve on 
the drama team. 

Laura Lucas is the daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. James Lucas of Ash- 
land, Ohio. She is a member of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church where she participates in 
a drama group. She is also a mem- 
ber of the Ashland High School 
band and choir. 

Lester Peck honored at Falls City 
for years of faithful service 

Falls City, Nebr, — Mr. Lester 
Peck, a long-time member of the 
Falls City First Brethren Church, 
Iwas honored at a surprise carry-in 
iiinner at the church on Sunday, 
April 10. Members of the congre- 
i^ation and of Mr. Peck's family 
Were in attendance. 

During his years as a member, 
Mr. Peck has served the Falls City 
Church in many capacities. He 
taught Sunday school, served as a 
iLrustee, and held several church 
[offices. He was also active in dis- 
trict and denominational work. 
■ In recognition of Mr. Peck's 
'service, "There Is Joy in Serving 
Jesus" was sung following the 
'noeal. Then Pastor Jim Thomas 
5poke on the true meaning of 
peing a servant. In addition, let- 
ters from five former pastors of the 
jFalls City congregation were read, 
f^ach thanking Mr. Peck for his 
willingness to serve the Lord and 
His church. A cassette tape from 
.Mr. and Mrs. Larry Peck and fam- 
ily (Mr. Peck's son) of Spokane, 
Wash., was also played. 

As an expression of appreciation 
for his service, the Falls City con- 
gregation presented Mr. Peck a 
plaque — a glass etching of the 
church building — made by Leslie 
and Claudette Stevens. Mr. Peck 
was also made an honorary deacon 
of the congregation. 

Brian Bolinger is the son of Rev. 
and Mrs. Larry Bolinger of Kis- 
simmee, Fla. He is a member of 
the Kissimmee Bible Fellowship, a 
Brethren mission church. He is 
also a member of the Kissimmee 
Fellowship of Christian Athletes. 
Brian will be serving as a 1983 
Summer Crusader on one of the 
educational teams. 

Joyce Lamb, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. William Lamb of Paris, 

Lester Peck holds the plaque 
presented to him by the Falls City 

Joyce Lamb Brian Bolinger 

Ohio, is a member of the Canton 
Trinity Brethren Church and treas- 
urer of the church's youth group. 
She participates in her high school 
band and choir, and is a member of 
Who's Who Among American High 
School Students, Who's Who 
Among American High School 
Musicians, and the Society of Dis- 
tinguished High School Students. 

Paula Hamilton is the daughter 
of Mr. and Mrs. 
Larry Hamilton 
of Ashland, 

Ohio. She is a 
member of the 
Ashland Park 
Street Brethren 
Church and ac- 
tive in the 
church youth 
program. She is 
a member of the Paula Hamilton 
Ashland High School concert and 
marching bands and chaplain of 
the Tri-Hi-Y. 

A total of 255 high school seniors 
took the two AC Scholars Tests. 
The scholarships are for one year 
and are renewable for students who 
maintain a B average. 






June 1983 



Pastors hear Massey and Elliot; 
discuss ordination of women 

Ashland, Ohio — Approximately 
60 Brethren pastors and elders, 35 
wives, and 20 Brethren seminary 
faculty members and students at- 
tended the Brethren Pastors' Con- 
ference held at Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary April 26-28. The con- 
ference was held in conjunction 
with the seminary's Ministry Con- 
ference, which was open to other 
Christian ministers. 

Featured speakers for the con- 
ference were Dr. James Earl Mas- 
sey, professor of New Testament 
and Preaching at Anderson (Ind.) 
Graduate School of Theology and 
speaker on the Christian Brother- 
hood Hour, and Elisabeth Elliot, 
well-known author and former 
missionary to the Auca Indians of 

An added feature of the confer- 
ence was "NAE '83: Change Your 
World," a special workshop of the 
National Association of Evangeli- 
cals. During this workshop. Dr. 
Billy A. Melvin, Executive Direc- 
tor of NAE spoke on "NAE: Tak- 
ing Leadership"; Robert P. Dugan, 
Jr., Executive Director of NAE's 
Washington, D.C., Office of Public 
Affairs, discussed "NAE: Influenc- 
ing Washington"; and Jerry Bal- 
lard, Executive Director of NAE's 
World Relief Corporation, talked 
about "NAE: Meeting Needs." 

In addition to the above sessions 
for all who attended the Ministry 
Conference, several other sessions 
planned just for Brethren pastors 
focused on ordination. A few ses- 
sions on other topics were also 
held for Brethren pastors' wives. 

Dr. Massey 's depth of insight, 
store of wit, and heart of love en- 
deared him to his audience. He 
brought three addresses on "The 
Pulpit Experience" and delivered 
two sermons. In his three ad- 
dresses he considered the "Inward- 
ness," the "Togetherness," and the 
"Eventfulness" of "The Pulpit Ex- 

The "Inwardness" of "The Pulpit 
Experience" relates to the pastor's 


personal experience in preaching. 
This experience is both drama 
(speaking for Gk)d) and distress 
(the utter aloneness of doing so), 
Dr. Massey said. He noted three 
ways in which the inwardness of 
preaching pulls on the pastor: 
First, preaching is an affirmative 
work — preachers must not air 
their doubts, but affirm God's 
word. Second, preachings is an ar- 
tistic work — the controlled treat- 
ment of a theme framed in such a 
way that people can grasp it. 
Third, preaching is an attitudinal 
work. A preacher's attitude comes 
through in his preaching, and this 
attitude should be positive. 

The "Togetherness" of preaching 
relates to the public side of "The 

Dr. James Earl Massey 

Pulpit Experience." There are 
three conditions for togetherness: 
First, deliberate planning with the 
hearers in view. Second, a sense of 
excitement on the part of the 
preacher. And third, the help of 
the Holy Spirit. 

The "Eventfulness" of preaching 
relates to that which makes "The 
Pulpit Experience" a meaningful 
event. The main requirement, ac- 
cording to Massey, is a spirit of 
sincerity. Sincerity requires that 
the preacher become a transparent 
person — one through whom people 
can see Jesus. 

Elisabeth Elliot brought four 
messages to the conference. In the 
first, "The Inescapable Calling," 

Mrs. Elisabeth Elliot 

she examined what constitutes a 
"call" to Christian service. She 
emphasized the importance ol 
obedience in knowing God's willi 
"In obedience your call is af 
firmed," she said. The call also rei 
quires voluntarily offering onesel' 
and the use of common sense; 
When faced with several options; 
choose the hardest, she advised' 
God will make sure you don't do i i 
if He doesn't want you to. i 

In her second message, "No Beti 
ter Than Pots," Mrs. Elliot sharec 
her own experience of the call tha 
led her to work among the Indian 
of Ecuador and later to servil 
among the Auca Indians, a trihj 
that had killed her husband Jim ! 

In a message on "The Privatj 
Life of a Disciple," Mrs. Ellioi 
spoke on the discipline of thj 
mind, the emotions, and the will 
Alluding to her title, she asked; 
"Is anything more private thaij 
our minds?" Every human though; 
and emotion must be brought int! 
submission to Christ, she saicj 
Concerning our will, she said thai 
God will never touch it. We muEj 
yield it to Him. ' 

In her final message, "The Mysj 
tery of Sexuality," Mrs. EUicj 
maintained that the basic diffeij 
ence between men and women ii 
theological, not biological. Goj 

(continued on next pagil 

The Brethren EvangelisI 



Brighton Chapel "kids" of ali ages 
become "Kids Under Construction" 

Howe, Ind. — Kids Under Con- 
struction is a musical by Bill and 
jrloria Gaither, Ron Huff, and Joy 
MacKenzie. Kids Under Construc- 
tion is also a curriculum — a 
jnique and interestingly or- 
ganized series of student-centered 
ictivities and projects. It is based 
)n the premise that all Christians, 
ao matter how old they are or 
vhat they are doing in life, are 
•eally just "kids under construc- 
tion" — striving to become what 
jod wants them to be. That be- 
;oming process is never finished, 
md every Christian always seems 
;o need a lot of help in growing. 

The Brighton Chapel Brethren 
I!hurch believes this philosophy 
ind used Kids Under Construction 
last summer in an exciting and re- 
ivarding VBS. For two weeks (ten 
;wo-hour evening sessions) "kids" 
Tom the ages of 3 to 93 were 

rouped in extended "families" of 
to 10 people in the Brighton 
phapel fellowship hall. These 
fTamilies" talked, sang, prayed, 
,niked, cut, pasted, and laughed to- 
l^ether. They also learned to really 
(love one another and to be sensi- 
tive to where each one was in the 
'construction" process. 

The Kids Under Construction 
curriculum materials, written by 
Grloria Gaither and Joy MacKen- 

zie, are easy to use. The teacher's 
guide and resource manual are 
quite complete and include many 
ideas and options from which to 
choose. The VBS leaders at 
Brighton found that it required 
less planning than for a regular 
graded VBS, since everyone did 
the same things at the same time. 
The curriculum is also adaptable 
to many settings in addition to 
VBS, such as Sunday school, 
junior church, youth group, choir, 
or combination of any of these. 

The delightful and challenging 
musical is one of the many re- 
sources provided for each session. 
It can be learned and performed 
using "kids" of all ages. At Bright- 
on Chapel, the musical was not 
performed, since there was so 

One ''family" 

in the Brighton 

Chapel VBS 

included the 

oldest VBS 

member, Bessie 

Grove, 93 (left 

foreground) , 

and the 



Larimer, 3 

(far end of 

the table). 

much else provided in the cur- 
riculum package that there was 
not time to master the musical in 
the two-week period. 

Kids Under Construction was a 
very special learning experience 
for all who were involved in it at 
Brighton Chapel. The Lord blessed 
their efforts, and none of those 
who participated in this VBS will 
ever forget that they are just "kids 
under construction" — the Lord 
isn't finished with them yet. 

— Sherry Van Duyne 

If you would like more information 
about Kids Under Construction, con- 
tact Mrs. Van Duyne at Route 2, Box 
161, Shipshewana, IN 46565. Kids 
Under Construction materials are 
distributed by Alexandria House, 
P.O. Box 300, Alexandria, IN 46001. 

pastors' Conference 

1 (continued from previous page) 
fTiade men and women different in 
rder that they might glorify Him 
n different ways, she said. Man 

as created to be the initiator, 
*voman to be the respondent. Man 

as created to be responsible for 
Ihe woman. Speaking to the role of 
pen and women in the church, she 
paid that men are to bear author- 
ity. This is not because they are 
mser or more spiritual, but be- 
cause they represent Christ. 

The role of men and women in 
the church, particularly with re- 
gard to ordination, was the subject 
Df the several discussion sessions 


June 1983 

planned for the specifically Breth- 
ren part of the conference. These 
discussions focused on four papers: 
"Ordination of Christian Pastors," 
by Rev. Kent Bennett; "The Ordi- 
nation of Women in The Brethren 
Church," by Dr. Jerry Flora; "Re- 
flections by a Woman in Minis- 
try," by Mrs. Jennifer Ray; and 
"The Sisters of the Brethren," by 
Mrs. Susan Hyland. 

These discussions raised a 
number of questions about the 
meaning of ordination, the role of 
the pastor, the ordination of 
women, and related matters. 

On the subject of the ordination 
of women, opinion was divided. 

Some pastors maintained that the 
teaching of the New Testament 
prohibits women from occupying 
positions of authority in the 
church. Others held that these 
teachings were specifically related 
to the culture of that day and are 
not binding today. The latter 
group pointed to various women in 
the Old and New Testament who 
served God's people in positions of 
leadership to support this point of 
view. No concensus was achieved, 
and the pastors plan to give 
further study to this question and 
to the general subject of ordination 
in the Ministerial Association ses- 
sions at General Conference. 








■ > 


Board of Christian Education announces 
plans for C.I.A. Teams 

Ashland, Ohio — The Board of 
Christian Education of The Breth- 
ren Church has announced plans 
for the formation of C.I.A. Teams 
beginning with the fall of 1983. 

The C.I.A. program (Collegians 
In Action) will be a school-year 
ministry opportunity for college- 
age young people in The Brethren 
Church. While operated from the 
BCE office in Ashland, it will not 
be limited to Ashland College stu- 

The program will be modeled 
after the Ashland College Gospel 
Team organization of several 
years ago, which sent teams from 
Ashland to churches throughout 
the denomination. C.I.A. teams of 

four or five members will visit 
local churches and participate in 
their worship services. A typical 
presentation by a C.I.A. Team 
would include Scripture reading, 
special music, song leading, and 
preaching. The intent of the C.I.A. 
program is to make use of the gifts 
and skills of the young people. 

Several persons in the Ashland 
area have indicated their willing- 
ness to work with the C.I.A. 
Teams in order to help them devel- 
op their skills. For example. Direc- 
tor of Pastoral Ministries William 
Kerner will work with those who 
will be preaching. Rev. Kerner 
will give them guidance in doing 
research, developing an outline, 

International friendship develops 
from Brethren mission tours 

Russiaville, Ind. — During the 
past several years a number of 
Brethren people have visited 
Brethren mission work in Mexico, 
Colombia, and Argentina as a part 
of the National Laymen's Organi- 
zation sponsored Work and Wor- 
ship Tours and Mini-Mission 
Tours. In addition to giving these 
people an opportunity to see 
Brethren missions first hand, 
these tours also provided them the 
chance to get acquainted with 
people in these countries. One 
such acquaintanceship has blos- 
somed into friendship and an ex- 
change of visits. 

Humberto Valesquez of Medel- 
lin, Colombia, showed great inter- 
est in the Americans visiting his 
neighbor. Rev. Kenneth Solomon, 
on the Work and Worship Tours. 
So he invited those who were in- 
terested to visit his mountain 
dairy farm. Several did, including 
Jim and Audrey Payne, Rev. Fred 
and Betty Snyder, Bill and Fae 
Musser, and Verna Randal. 

These Brethren likewise invited 
Humberto to visit them in the 
United States. So last July he flew 


to Indiana for several days, bring- 
ing with him a friend. Nelson. 

This past February, Jim and 
Audrey Payne had the opportunity 
to again visit Humberto when 
they made a personal trip to 
Medellin. They were also influen- 
tial in getting Humberto, his wife, 
his son, and the son's wife to at- 
tend the worship service held in 
the home of Brethren missionaries 
Bob and Juanita Dillard. 

writing the sermon, and preparing 
it for delivery. Other persons will 
provide training in the areas of 
music and public speaking. 

Basic funding for the C.I.A. 
Teams will come from offerings re- 
ceived in the churches where the 
teams minister. Funding to get the 
program underway will come from 
the Brethren Heritage Auction 
and Craft Sale at the 1983 Gen- 
eral Conference. 

The last Gospel Teams were 
sent out in the late 1960's. Since 
then the various Christian minis- 
tries on the Ashland College cam- 
pus have provided students some 
opportunities for weekend minis- 
try, but no sustained program has 
been offered. The Board of Chris- 
tian Education believes that by 
providing college-age young people 
a year-round opportunity to use 
their spiritual gifts, these young 
people will be strengthened in 
their commitment and call to 
Christian ministry. 

The Valesquez family had not 
been attending the Brethren mis- 
sion church in Medellin. It is 
hoped that because of this intro- ^ 
ductory visit to the service and 
the influence of their Brethren . 
friends, that they will become a i 
part of this church. 

International friends: Left to right, Verna Randal (Warsaw, Ind.), Audrey 
and Jim Payne (Burlington, Ind.), Humberto Valesquez (Medellin, Colom- 
bia), Bill Musser (Bryan, Ohio), and Nelson (Medellin, Colombia). 

The Brethren Evangelist 



Mathias Brethren Church hosts 
Southeastern District Conference 

'Mathias, W.Va. — The South- 
eastern District Conference con- 
ivened at the Mathias Brethren 
! Church on Saturday, April 30. The 
church had nearly completed a 
very efficient and beautiful addi- 
tion, and the weather cooperated 
with a wonderful day. All this con- 
tributed to a great conference. 
I The conference faced the imme- 
idiate problem of the illness of Rev. 
(Robert Keplinger, moderator of 
ithe district. Rev. Keplinger was 
Imissed, but Rev. Gene Hollinger, 
[moderator-elect, cared for the ses- 
sions in a very commendable man- 
•ner, and the business progressed 
without major delay. 

The host pastor, Rev. Doc 
jShank, was also ill and unable to 
'attend. But once again the prob- 
lem was handled by a very effi- 
|cient and well-prepared congrega- 
tion and by the conference people. 

Dr. Donald Rinehart, General 
Conference moderator, challenged 
delegates and friends with his 
message on the district conference 
theme, "Members in One Body." 
The Mathias church building was 
packed with almost 100 delegates 
and pastors and approximately 

that many more youth and visi- 
tors. All present received real 
blessing from Dr. Rinehart's call 
to Christian unity and love. 

In addition to the regular busi- 
ness of the district, the Water- 
brook Brethren congregation was 
accepted into the district with full 
church status. A true Brethren 
spirit was demonstrated in this 
matter, as personal prejudice and 
honest concerns were set aside and 
the new church was given a unani- 
mous vote of acceptance. 

Following the conference ses- 

sions, students of Riverside Chris- 
tian Training School, Lost Creek, 
Kentucky, presented a program 
entitled "Super Gang." This pro- 
gram of entertainment with a 
message was under the direction 
of Carol Van Kuiken and Rev. and 
Mrs. Rex McConahay. 

I believe I speak for all those 
who attended from Ashland in 
saying, "Well done. Southeastern 
District. It was a joy to be a part of 
your conference." 

— Rev. James R. Black 
Dir. of Home Missions & Evangelism 

Wayne Heights Brethren witness 
miracle of the loaves 

Waynesboro, Pa. — On Sunday 
morning. May 1, the Wayne 
Heights Brethren Church saw 
another miracle of the loaves! Six 
weeks earlier each member had 
been given a plastic Love Loaf 
bank and been challenged to forgo 
a few dietary luxuries and to put 
the money saved into the bank. 

Throughout the six-week period 
the Wayne Heights Brethren were 
constantly reminded of the need 
throughout the world for food and 

Cheyenne Brethren break ground 
for addition and remodeling 

jCheyenne, Wyo. — A 

llong-awaited event took 
place Sunday, May 1, 
when the Cheyenne Breth- 
jren Church broke ground 
.for a new addition to its 
[church building. The proj- 
ect will also include major 
iremodeling of the present 

I The groundbreaking was 
iheld after a fellowship 
meal that followed the 
morning worship service. 
Fifty-eight people were 
present for the meal, and 
sixty attended the ground- 
breaking service. 

June 1983 

Moderator Bill Pauli (left) and Pastor 
Albert Curtright break ground as the 
Cheyenne congregation watches. 

other help for the starving mil- 
lions. Each Sunday morning Vera 
Laughlin (for the adults) and 
Lorinda Schildt (in the children's 
department) would call attention 
to some particular area of need or 
to some specific work being done 
by the World Relief Commission 
and by World Vision Interna- 
tional. Films were also shown to 
emphasize these needs and works. 

Because of the present economic 
situation, there was some hesita- 
tion about setting a goal this year, 
but they finally decided to set 
their sights at least as high as last 
year, when they aimed at $1,000. 
When the money was received on 
May 1, however, the congregation 
learned that together they had 
brought in $1,326.91, well over the 
goal! Additional offerings should 
bring the total to $1,400. 

The money from this project will 
be equally divided between World 
Vision International and the 
World Relief Commission of NAE 
(through the World Relief Board of 
The Brethren Church). 

According to Pastor Henry 
Bates, "The Brethren at Wayne 
Heights praise the Lord that He 
has made it possible for them to 
respond to the call of the needy — 
sharing with them both material 
bread and also the Bread of Life." 








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Otis and Vivian McCann, 50th, June 25. Members 
of the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 
Glenn and Mary Brown, 50th, June 23. Members of 
the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Stewart Horner, 61st, June 21. Mem- 
bers of the Johnstown Second Brethren Church. 

Kermit and Emma Hoard, 53rd, June 18. Members 
of the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 
Mr. and Mrs. Allen Hostetler, 52nd, June 15. Mem- 
bers of the Johnstown Second Brethren Church. 
George and Wilma Bunn, 54th, June 7. Members of 
the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 
Art and Gwendolyn Bolt, 51st, June 6. Members of 
the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Emerson Miller, 55th, May 7. Mem- 
bers of the Loree Brethren Church. 


Karen Mundorff to Robert Sommers, May 21, at 

the Ashland First Brethren Church; Arden Gilmer, 
pastor, officiating. Bride a member of the Ashland 
First Brethren Church. 

Jamie Tomlinson to Aaron Sonnenschein, May 21, 

at the Ardmore First Brethren Church; Brian H. 
Moore, pastor, officiating. Members of the Ardmore 
First Brethren Church. 

"Wonder Week" Planned 
at Ashland Academy 

Ashland, Ohio — Selected talented and gifted stu- 
dents who have completed grade 6, 7, or 8, will have a 
junique opportunity to explore the wonder of learning 
during "Wonder Week" at Ashland Academy July 18- 
'22. Ashland Academy is a day and boarding high 
'school on the Ashland College campus that offers a 
challenging educational program from a Christian 

"Wonder Week" will offer students a chance to take 
part in an enrichment venture that will expand their 
intellectual and creative horizons. All students will 
participate in a course entitled "The World: How Do I 
Fit In?" in which they will engage in a philosophic ex- 
ploration of life's basic questions. In addition, each 
student will be able to choose two of the following 
jcourses to pursue throughout the week: archaeology, 
computers, energy science, geometry, journalism, lit- 
erature, performing arts, photography, science, visual 

Tuition cost for "Wonder Week" will be $130, which 
covers all classes and noon meals. Students who stay 
on the college campus will pay an additional $70 for 
morning and evening meals and supervised "Wonder- 
Fun" activities. 

Additional information can be obtained by writing 
Wonder Week Coordinator, Ashland Academy, Ash- 
land, OH 44805 (phone 419-289-4119). 

A Memorial Tribute for Rev. Guy F. Ludwig 

A memorial service 
for Rev. Guy F. Ludwig 
was held in the Mathias 
Brethren Church on 
Sunday afternoon, April 
17. Rev. Ludwig, who 
passed from this life on 
April 6, 1983, served 
the Mathias congrega- 
tion for 17 years as his 
first pastorate. Dr. J. 
Ray Klingensmith of 
Ashland College and 
Seminary conducted the 
memorial service, which was attended by a large 
gathering of people from the Mathias Church and 
other congregations Rev. Ludwig had pastored. 

In addition to the Mathias congregation. Rev. Lud- 
wig pastored the Kimsey Run Brethren Church, the 
Pittsburgh, Pa., Brethren Church for four years, the 
Meyersdale, Pa., Main Street Brethren Church for 
three years, the Mt. Pleasant Church of the Brethren 
for three years, and the Grantsville, Md., Church of 
the Brethren for three years. He also supplied when 
needed at the LaVale Church of the Brethren for a 
year after he retired. He was always active in the 
Southeastern District and was most helpful at the 
summer camps. 

Rev. Ludwig was living in Sarasota, Fla., at the 
time of his death, where he was active in the First 
Brethren Church of Sarasota. The family is very 
grateful to Dr. J.D. Hamel, pastor of the Sarasota con- 
gregation, for his faithful and most helpful ministry 
during Rev. Guy's final illness. 

Rev. Ludwig's first wife. Fay, preceded him in death 
several years ago. His second wife, Doris, and his 
daughter, Lenore Reel, live in Sarasota and are active 
in the First Brethren Church there. 

A good and faithful servant of our Lord has gone to 
his great reward, and he will be missed by the very 
many friends and parishoners who loved him. 

—J. Ray Klingensmith 

In Memory 

Alta M. Cox, 85, April 21. Member of the North Man- 
chester First Brethren Church. Services by Woodrow 
Immel, former pastor. 

Harry L. Leffel, 89, April 17. Member of the North 
Manchester First Brethren Church. Services by Wood- 
row Immel, former pastor, and Archie Nevins, pastor. 
Andrew York, 89, April 17. Member and deacon of 
the Loree Brethren Church. Services by Claude 
Stogsdill, pastor. 

Membership Growth 

Waterloo: 3 by baptism 
Roanoke: 5 by baptism, 4 by transfer 






June 1983 


The President was here 
in Ashland^ Ohio • . . 
and some of you 
were here^ too! 

But when it comes to: 


Hospital visits 

YOU want someone THERE where YOU are. 

SOMEONE like your PASTOR! 

He may not be as famous as the President, 
but when you need him, 
he will be as important! 


The Goal — One dollar per member 

Twenty -two ministerial and pre-ministerial 
students received financial aid in 1982-83. 

$15,000 is needed for 
Ministerial Student Aid in 1983-84. 

You may send your offering to: 

The Rev. Bradley Weidenhamer 
Ashland Theological Seminary 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 



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The Book That Made America Great 


Learning From Our Heritage 

by Dale R. Staffer 

Thoughts on General Conference 

As we approach our centennial anniversary 
as a denomination and our 95th General 
Conference, it is appropriate for us to reflect upon 
the special meaning of our annual gathering of 
Brethren. The best clue to the significance of Con- 
ference is found in the name which we have as- 
sumed for ourselves, "Brethren." This very desig- 
nation indicates that our annual gatherings have 
the character of a family reunion. As brothers and 
sisters in Christ we come together from through- 
out the United States to share the exciting news 
of what Christ has been doing in our local congre- 
gations. And we jointly have our minds en- 
lightened, our hearts enkindled, and our spirits 
enlivened to serve our Lord in our home churches. 

But is this holy fellowship of believers all that 
is meant by our name "Brethren"? Or does our 
unity involve even more than physical together- 
ness and spiritual kinship? 

A very important scriptural truth that was 
traditionally very important to the Brethren has 
been gradually diminished by our American em- 
phasis on individualism. Scripture speaks re- 
peatedly of being not only one in spirit, but also 
one in mind. (See, for instance, Rom. 12:16; 15:5; 
I Cor. 1:10; II Cor. 13:11; Phil. 2:2; 4:2; I Pet. 3:8.) 

The reason for this scriptural emphasis was 
that the apostolic church understood that unity of 
mind as well as unity of spirit was a special part 
of the Holy Spirit's work in believers. In reporting 
the decision of the Jerusalem Council in Acts 15, 
the leaders of the church viewed the consensus 
that had developed as an expression of the Holy 
Spirit's work in their midst (see Acts 15:23-29, 
especially verses 25, 28). 

The Brethren likewise believed that striving for 
oneness of mind was a goal that should be con- 
tinually before the Brotherhood. It was affirmed 
that when believers were united in their devotion 
to the truth and were knit together by love and 
humility, the Holy Spirit would lead them to a 
decision pleasing to God. As one recent body of 
Brethren stated: "If the issues that the future 
holds for us are to be resolved in a manner pleas- 
ing to God, it must be through the unity of the 

Spirit working in and through the Church as the 
Body of Christ." 

For such a process to occur, several conditions 
are necessary. First and foremost, all members o 
the body must have the same foundation: uncom 
promising commitment to Christ and His word. 

Second, all viewpoints must be openly an( 
frankly discussed. There is no place for "bidder 
agendas" that are never exposed. i 

Third, all participants must share a willingnesj 
to be open to other options. Failure in this ma;( 
stifle the Holy Spirit's ability to work. I 

Fourth, the members of the body should pracj 
tice forbearance toward one another. When nj 
clear decision is evident (the old Brethren used tj 
delay a decision until a large majority was a1| 
tained), this forbearance should express itself in 
willingness to wait until an unmistakable conserj 
sus has developed. j 

Fifth, all must evidence a willingness to submij 
to a decision once the mind of the Brethren ha 
been expressed. 

Finally, the entire process must be envelope 
with a deep love for one another that will not Ij 
shaken by differences of opinion or by a decisioj 
that does not go my way. ! 

The genius of the Brethren decision-makirj 
process is the belief that my inner commitmeij 
to abide by a joint decision guided by the Hoij 
Spirit is far more forceful and effective than s} 
external mandate forced upon me by a body ; 
which I have no voice. But the only way this fori 
of government works is if each member of til 
body (both individuals and individual congregi 
tions) assumes the responsibility it has pledged ij 
self to by being a member of the Brotherhood 
This responsibility includes every area of chunj 
life: representation at Conference, financial su; 
port of its programs, willingness to abide by de( 
sions jointly made. 

Let us strive at our centennial anniversary 
be not only one in spirit but also one in mind. \ 
are "Brethren" only to the extent that we "pi 
serve the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peaci 
(Eph. 4:3). 

The Brethren Evangeu 


Serving The Brethren Church 
throughout its one hundred years. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 


Alvin Shifflett 
Dale R. Stoffer 

Business Manager: 

Ronald W. Waters 
Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for The Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
100% church lists; $8.75 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.50 for individual sub- 

j Single-copy price: 80c 
(Change of address: Please notify us at 
! least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
i dress from back of magazine and send 
(with new address. 

Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of The Brethren Church or the Brethren 
'Publishing Company. 

I Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
i dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
(with query tips is available upon written re- 
j quest. 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
jcome. However, the publisher assumes 
(no responsibility for return of unsolicited 

I material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792. 
Member, Evangelical Press Association 


July is the month when we cele- 
brate the anniversary of our nation's 
independence. And 1983 has been 
designated by Congress and the 
President as 'The Year of the Bible. " 
These two emphases come together 
on our cover and in an article by 
Rochunga Pudaite on pages 4-6.. 

Cover design by Howard Mack 

July 1983 

Vol. 105, No. 7 

July 1983 

The Book That Made America Great 

While America's greatness has been attributed to nnany differ- 
ent sources, Rochunga Pudaite believes that the taproot of 
this greatness is the Bible. 

"The Church on the Move!" 

James Naff tells how "A Church That Wouldn't Die" has be- 
come "The Church on the Move!" both literally and figuratively. 


General Conference Preview 
10 Dear Diary 

Peggy Beekley tells her "diary" some of the exciting things 
planned for General Conference in August. 

The "Centennial Celebration" 

of The Brethren Church 

Introduction to the 95th General Conference of The Brethren 
Church followed by a schedule of each day's activities and a 
description of highlights for each day. 

BYC Convention Highlights 

Woman's f^issionary Society, National Ministerial Association, 
and National Laymen's Organization sessions. 



2 Learning From Our Heritage 
9 The Salt Shaker 
19 Update 

Next month: The Evangelist for next month will be a special issue In 
celebration of the 100th anniversary of The Brethren Church. This cen- 
tennial issue will take a look at events that occurred 100 years ago that 
led to the establishment of The Brethren Church and at some of the 
major figures (in particular Henry R. Holsinger) who played a part in 
those events. In addition, one article will survey our 100 years of history 
and another will consider whether the "Progressive Brethren Church" is 
still progressive. Centennial congregations (those 100 years old or 
older) will also be featured. And some articles and materials 100 years 
old will be reprinted. It should be an extra special issue of The Brethren 
Evangelist. Look for it next month! 








by Rochunga Pudaite 

THE greatest nation in the world today is 
the United States of America. But when 
I was a boy in India, I didn't even know there 
was an America. Then during World War II 
a white soldier walked into our village and 
told us he was from America. I was puzzled. I 
thought all white people were British! 

Six years after the war, while a student at 
the University of Calcutta, a mailman handed 
me a package. It was a beautiful leather- 
bound Bible with an inscription, "From a 
friend in America who loves the Lord 
and the people of India." I felt so fortu- 
nate. I read through the book in a month. It 
totally changed my life. 

In 1952 I was asked to arrange a meeting 
for an American evangelist and United Na- 

Dr. Pudaite is the founder of Bibles for the 
World, Inc., a non-profit organization that has dis- 
tributed seven million Bibles worldwide. He has 
opened 75 schools and established 200 churches in 
northeast India and has translated the Bible into 
the Hmar language. 

This article is taken from Dr. Pudaite' s book. My 
Billion Bible Dream, copyright © 1983, and is 
used by permission. 

tions war correspondent. Dr. Bob Pierce, whc 
had just flown in from Korea. He spoke to us 
as though we were the only people on earth 
who could make a difference in helping the 
suffering people of Korea. I gave everything 1 
had and wrote in my Bible, "Little is mucl: 
when God is in it." 

Some months after this, Dr. Pierce ar 
ranged for me to come to America from Scot 
land where I had been attending a Bibl< 
school. Eight months after I landed in Amer 
ica. Dr. Pierce sent me train tickets with i 
note: "Use these tickets to see America. 
Never had I dreamed I could take such a trip 

I eagerly set out by train from Chicago. Iii 
Philadelphia I visited Independence Hall. ; 
stood in the very room where the Declaratioi! 
of Independence and the Constitution wer| 
adopted. I saw the Liberty Bell with a ver&l 
from the Bible engraved on it, "Proclaim lib; 
erty throughout all the land unto the ir! 
habitants thereof (Leviticus 25:10). I felt ! 
was standing on holy ground. i 

In New York City I took a ferry to th| 
Statue of Liberty. I saw the beautiful word 
inscribed in the pedestal: 

The Brethren Evangelis; 


"Give me your tired, your poor, 
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe 

free . . . 
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!" 

Back in Manhattan, I took the elevator to 
the top of the Empire State Building and 
stared breathless at the great city. But what 
wonders awaited in Washington! I strolled 
through the Library of Congress. I gazed up 
at the big letters across the Supreme Court 
walked the hall of the Capitol where the Sen- 
ators and Representatives pass. I took a tour 
of the White House. I stood reverently before 
the gigantic sculpture of Abraham Lincoln, 
The Emancipator. I read again his famous 
Gettysburg address with deep emotion. 

Then I entrained for California and whizzed 

past great steel mills, through energetic cities 

I and sleepy villages, beside fields of grain, 

I and across the Rockies and into the desert. 

I By the time I got to Los Angeles, I had to 

I stop and reflect on the wonders I had seen. 

America was big, beautiful, and wonderful. 

Twenty-seven years have passed since my 

discovery of America. Never a day goes by 

without my thanking God for this beloved 

country, for its greatness and its freedom. 

What made America great? 

What made America such a great nation? 
Is it her courageous pioneers and architects 
of freedom? Her vast natural resources? Her 
genius in technology, science, and agricul- 
ture? Her diversity of immigrant-citizens? 
Her military might? Her colleges and univer- 
sities? Her democracy and freedom? Her op- 
portunity for economic success? Her helping 
hands of goodwill to the less fortunate? 

These, I suggest, are only manifestations 
of the real greatness of America. To find the 
source of the nation's strength and power you 
must dig into the foundations and locate the 
taproot from which it grows. 

The taproot of America is the Holy Bible. 
From infancy to maturity, America's great- 
ness has been built upon the Bible. All the 
historical records I have studied show that 
America was born and developed as a bibli- 
cal nation. Thomas Carlyle dates the "begin- 
ning" of the "soul" of America to the landing 
of the Pilgrims in 1620. This band of brave 
immigrants believed in the Bible and democ- 
racy with responsibility. In their "Mayflower 
Compact" they were "knit together in the 
body in a most strict and sacred bond and 
covenant of the Lord." 

The documents of the colonies of the early 

July 1983 

America shout the primacy of the Bible. 
Delaware's Charter states as the purpose of 
the founding: "The future propagation of the 
Holy Gospel." The Connecticut Constitution 
bound its citizens "to preserve the liberty 
and purity of the Grospel of the Lord Jesus 

Supreme Court study 

In 1892, the Supreme Court made an 
exhaustive study of the biblical connection 
with the government, laws, and culture of 
the United States. The Court noted that the 
state constitutions echoed the voice of the 
citizenry that biblical laws and ideas were 
part of the common law of America. 

One of the most important books on the 
subject is The Bible in America by P. Marion 
Simms. Dr. Simms made a comprehensive 
study of the various European nationalities 
which settled in America. He consulted with 
historians at the University of Chicago, 
Yale, Harvard, Princeton, and many other 
distinguished institutions. He paged through 
the files of the Bible societies, the leading 
Christian denominations, and the earliest 
missionary agencies. He concluded: "No na- 
tion in all history was ever founded by a peo- 
ple so dominated by the Bible as America." 

Some of the greatest scholars in America's 
universities were telling him essentially the 
same thing. Even those who believe the 
Bible is only a great book, not divinely in- 
spired, acknowledge the Bible's influence. 
Sociologist Dr. Robert Bellah of the Univer- 
sity of California in Berkeley chides sec- 
ularists for seeking to "eradicate from public 
life" traces of religious belief. "America's 
religious and biblical heritage cannot be 
denied," he declares. 

How has the Bible molded America? 

There is no question that the greatness of 
America is woven with the pages of Holy 
Scripture. There is no question that more Bi- 
bles have been printed and circulated in 
America than in any other country around 
the world. But what difference has the Bible 
made on America? How has the Bible molded 
the spirit and ideals of "America the beauti- 

First, the Bible made America's founders 
believe that God has a great destiny for 
them, and they were excited about being a 
part of God's great plan. Second, Europe 
was pulsating with spiritual resurgence due 
to the publication of new translations of the 

{continued on next page) 

Bible. Third, many Bible-believing Chris- 
tians in Western Europe were suffering se- 
vere persecution and were looking for refuge. 
Fourth, new political "radical" scholars and 
politicians were saying that government 
should be for the people and by the people. 
This idea was lying dormant in John Wyc- 
liffe's introduction to his translation of the 
Bible, four centuries before the American 
Revolution. Wrote Wycliffe: "The Bible is for 
the government of the people by the people 
and for the people." 

In many ways, our world today parallels 
those revolutionary times when America was 
born. There has been a new proliferation of 
Bible translations, even a Reader's Digest 
Bible. Christians are being persecuted in 
Eastern Europe, in China, in Iran and in 
other parts of the world. New political pow- 
ers are on the horizon, this time with nuclear 
weapons at their disposal. We need to know 
our destiny. We need to be convinced of our 
place and purpose in history. 

In a Joint Resolution, approved October 4, 
1982, the Senate and the House of Represent- 
atives authorized President Ronald Reagan 
to proclaim 1983 as "The Year of the Bible." 
Already, plans are underway to use 1983 as 
the year to emphasize "our national need to 
study and apply the teachings of the Holy 
Scriptures." Let us rediscover the book of 
which President Woodrow Wilson observed: 
"Every time you open the Bible, some old 
text that you have read a score of times sud- 
denly beams with new meaning." The book 
President Andrew Jackson considered "the 
rock on which the Republic rests." The book 
on which poet Samuel Coleridge reflected: 
"In the Bible there is more that finds me 
than I have experienced in all other books 
put together." The book Dr. Charles Malik, 
former President of the United Nations Gen- 
eral Assembly, asserts: "... is the source of 
every good thought and impulse that I have." 

Truly the Bible is the book for humanity, 
the book for every man of every race, culture, 
and nation. It speaks to men and women, 
young and old, educated and uneducated, fac- 
tory workers and millionaires, to those of every 
class and every vocation. All can find it a pre- 
cious guide for life, a light along the dark 
paths and a sure anchor in stormy weather. 

The Bible is the book that abides, for in it 
Jesus said, "Heaven and earth shall pass 
away, but my words shall not pass away" 
(Matthew 24:35). 

The Bible is the book that made America 
great. [t] 

Bo You Rente) 

Now It's i 

ALL the experts were saying that countrj 
churches were a dying breed — like the 
horse and buggy. But experts have beer 
wrong before. 

So in March 1976, when the Southeasterr 
District of Brethren Churches offered finan 
cial aid through its district mission board t( 
the Brethren congregation of St. Luke Com 
munity, Virginia, the district expected a re 
turn on its investment. Not a financial rej 
turn, though that has come in measure, but i 
growth return. And that has come — ful 
measure, heaped up, and running over. 

During the "Day of Celebration" on Marcl 
25, 1979, over 200 people crowded into ai 
auditorium with a capacity of only 100 am 
heard the Brethren at St. Luke give thi: 
report for the three years from March 197( 
to March 1979: 

30% increase in worship attendance; 
20% increase in Sunday school attend 


90% increase in conversions; 

25% increase in membership; 

150% increase in giving. 

The district breathed a corporate sigh o 

relief. St. Luke no longer needed missioi 

board assistance. Success is so sweet, s 

satisfying. Now it was time to relax and tak 

our ease! j 

But the St. Luke Brethren were not satis! 

fied. Signs were already evident of a plateaij 

in church growth. These signs were proveij 

by the next three year's statistics, as attend' 

ance averages seesawed. Average mornin| 

worship attendance reached a high of 82 i:i 

1981, or more than 40% higher than th| 

1975 level. But in 1982 it dropped back t| 
the 1978 and 1979 levels. Sunday schoc 
growth remained on a plateau as wel 
Nevertheless, throughout the six years fror 

1976 to 1982, average Sunday morning woi 

Rev. Naff is pastor of the St. Luke Church. 

The Brethren Evangelis 


'hurch that Wouldn't Die"?* 

urch on the Move!" 

ship attendance hovered at better than 90% 
of church membership. 

We realized that we were on a plateau. We 
knew that a number of factors contributed to 
this plateau. But we also acknowledged 
another alarming fact — that this plateau 
would become a desert if we did not rise 
above it. 

As we assessed our situation, we recognized 
that our growth potential is limited by the 
fact that we are located in a sparsely popu- 
lated area where most people are affiliated 
with some church. But even though limited, 
there is growth potential. We also recognized 
that we had limited leadership potential to 
meet expanding needs. But neither of these 
difficulties would be insurmountable. The 
lone nagging problem — the central problem — 
seemed to be spatial. Where would we put 
the people? We lacked space — especially audi- 
torium space, though we needed more Sun- 
day school rooms as well. 

So a vision began to form — a frightening 
vision, but also a challenging one. It came 
I from many sources and in many ways, 
i Human nature said, "We can't do it! There is 
no way we can afford to enlarge our facili- 
jties!" But then the old watchword came out 
•of the mothballs once again: "We've never 
failed at anything we've tried! So let's try!" 
I Even before the March 1979 "Day of Cele- 
Ibration," an acre of land had been purchased 
jadjoining the rear of the church's property. 
jTrapezoid in shape, it lay on a gentle slope 
jalong Route 623. Plans for a picnic shelter 
were in the works. 

j But the Lord intervened. We discovered 
Ithat there was no way we could expand the 
Ifacilities in the old location to meet growth 
needs and still retain fair and equitable com- 
[munity relationships with our neighboring 
j Lutheran church. 

' *This article about the St. Luke Brethren 
Church appeared in the June 1979 Evangelist. 

by James 1. Naff The St. Luke Church building as it appeared in 1979. 

Construction costs for a new building on a 
different site would be prohibitive. We could 
not expand where we were. We seemed 
stymied. Then someone joked, "Let's move 
the old building." We all laughed, for the 
idea seemed far out. But sometimes a poor 
joke becomes good reality. So we decided to 
look into the possibility of moving our build- 
ing onto the recently purchased acre of land 
at the back of our property. 

A series of building plans were considered. 
These were revised down to a simple, country 
style, no frills building in an "L" shape that 
would give us a 100% increase in seating and 
a 150% increase in Sunday school and multi- 
purpose space. But then we received final fig- 
ures from the mover. The cost to move one 
long building would be very low. But to split 
the building and carry it in two parts would 
triple the price. So a final plan revision was 
made: move one 68- by 29-foot building in- 
tact, then build on a 30-foot addition, giving 
us a 75% increase in seating and a 150% in- 
crease in Sunday school and multipurpose 

The moving contract was set. But then we 
waited. And we waited. Call after call elic- 
ited no moving date. With summer nearly 
gone, we felt we were reaching the point 
when it would be too late to move and get 
everything pinned down before bad weather 
began. So we gave up on moving in 1982 and 
settled in for one more year at the old loca- 

But the Lord had better ideas. The mover 
called early on a Sunday morning. "We're 
moving this week. Be ready Wednesday. 
Otherwise it will be next spring." 

Caught unawares, we had no building, sep- 
tic, or water permits. There was no contract 
let for the foundation or the addition. No 
mortgage had been secured. Nor had we 
made arrangements for a temporary meeting 

(continued on next page) 

July 1983 

The move to the new site begins. 

place. It took a lot of faith to say, "Come 
ahead. The Lord will provide." 

And He did. Many officials changed their 
busy schedules that week and went out of 
their way to help us. All necessary permits 
were in hand within days. A partial con- 
struction contract was signed, and using 
monies on hand, we could afford the move 
and the foundation. 

The mover, Mr. Hill of Roanoke, Va., ar- 
rived September 1. September 7 he started 
excavating under the old building. By Sep- 
tember 9 the building was moved and sitting 
on pilings, level and ready for the foundation 
and new addition. 

We moved our services T 

across the road to the Luther- 
an Parish Hall temporarily, 
fully expecting to be back in 
our old building in its new lo- 
cation within a month or two. 
Instead, it stretched out until 
February, due to construction 
problems. But the Lord gave 
excellent building weather 
during the entire time. 

We were pleased that attend- 
ance for worship services and 
Sunday school, even though an 

hour earlier and in borrowed quarters, did 
not fall off as much as we had expected. We 
did develop some bad attendance habits, 
however, that have carried over and hurt us 
this spring. 

Due to contractural misunderstandings 
and miscalculations, we were unable tc 
finish the interior of the basement. But the 
auditorium is complete, as are the main en- 
trance and restrooms. So in mid-February we 
moved our services, suddenly and unexpect- 
edly, back into our building. This caught 
everyone but the preacher by surprise — but 
what a nice surprise. Big wide smiles ap- 
peared on all faces. 

Completion of the entire project will likelj 
take a year or more, so we went ahead with 
our dedication service on March 27, 1983. As 
the congregation dedicated the building anc 
themselves under the leadership of Rev. Do( 
Shank, Rev. Kent Bennett, and Rev. Bil 
Kerner, we could not help but think, "We 
sure came a long way in seven years, Marclr 
1976 to March 1983. Thank you. Lord!" 

We are now faced with three enormous 
tasks. A mortgage to amortize; a building; 
and grounds to complete; and new space tc 
fill. But in the face of seemingly insurmount 
able barriers, we say, "We've never failed a^ 
anything we've tried. So let's get at it!" Anc 
by faith, we'll stay "on the move"! [t 


At left, the church building o> 
the new site with its new 30-foc 
addition (at the right in the pic 
ture). Above, the interior of the re 
modeled sanctuary. The buildin 
now sits east and west instead c 
north and south as before, and i 
highly visible from three direction 
on Routes 605 and 623. 

The Brethren Evangelis 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 


Counting the Cost 

FIVE signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence were captured by the British 
as traitors and tortured before they died. 
Twelve had their homes ransacked and 
burned. Two lost their sons in the Revolu- 
tionary War. Another had two sons captured. 
Nine of the fifty-six fought and died from 
wounds or hardships suffered in the war. 

What kind of men were these to pay such a 
price for freedom? 

I'm reminded of the words of Mordecai to 
his foster daughter Esther: ". . . and who 
knoweth whether thou art come to the king- 
dom for such a time as this?" (Est. 4:14)? 

Or the passage in Hamlet by William 

The time is out of joint: O cursed spite, 
That ever I was born to set it right! 

Those early freedom lovers must have felt 
like Mordecai or Hamlet. Twenty-three of 
them were lawyers and jurists. Twelve were 
merchants. Nine were farmers and large 
plantation owners — men of means and edu- 
cation. They all signed, fifty-six of them, 
knowing that life and liberty were on the 

John Hart lost all his property to the 
British and was forced to live as a fugitive in 

Our Brethren forefathers, though 
lovers of peace, found little 
peace within the world. They 
knew that public profession of 
faith did not mean a padded pew. 

the forest. As a result of his sufferings, he 
jdied three years after signing the Declara- 
ition and two years before the nation won in- 
1 dependence. 

\ Richard Stockton was betrayed and taken 

'prisoner by the British. When he was finally 

I released, he found his estate in ruins. He 

never fully recovered and died an invalid. 

Many of the signers, such as Ellery, 

July 1983 

Clymer, Hall, Floyd, Lewis, Livingston, Mor- 
ris, Hopkinson, Heyward, and Middleton, 
witnessed the looting of their properties by 
British soldiers and Tories (those who re- 
mained loyal to the king). 

General Cornwallis seized Thomas Nelson, 
Jr's, home for British headquarters. Un- 
daunted and committed to the cause. Nelson 
calmly urged General George Washington to 
open fire on the place, which he did. The 
home was totally destroyed and Nelson died 

The Declaration of Independence was not 
signed in ink, but in blood. The Christian 
church can say the same thing, for the foun- 
dation of the church is stained with the blood 
of martyrs. Ditto for the founding of The 
Brethren Church. 

Our Brethren forefathers, although lovers 
of peace, found little peace within the world. 
They fled the Old World and persecution 
seeking the New World and religious free- 
dom. They knew that public profession of 
faith, followed by baptism, did not mean a 
padded pew. The reading of Luke 14:25-33 at 
Brethren baptisms was not just filler, but a 
reminder that grace, although free, is costly. 

Our early Brethren, and we can proudly 
note it, were consumed with the spirit of pa- 
triots and patriarchs: "Give me liberty or 
give me death," and, "As for me and my 
house, we will serve the Lord." 

It is interesting to note that great causes 
often produce great men. Alexander Mack 
wrote a hymn entitled "Count Well the 
Cost." As I ponder that hymn and what went 
into it, I wonder if I am worthy to sing: 

Christ Jesus says, "Count well the cost 

When you lay the foundation," 
Are you resolved, though all seem lost, 

to risk your reputation, 
Your self, your wealth, for Christ the Lord 

As you now give your solemn word?* [t] 

*Copyright © 1958 by the General Brotherhood Board, 
Church of the Brethren, Elgin, III. Used by permission. 

Saturday morning 
May 21, 1983 
Dear Diary, 

Before my husband and I head for the East Coast and possi- 
bly a "Space A" trip to Europe to see our former Florida 
tentmakers Jeff and Nancy Lentz and Chaplain Joe Hanna, I 
must take time to report to you on a very important and excit- 
ing meeting ihat was just completed here at Park Street 
Brethren Church in Ashland. 

As chairman of the Publicity Committee for our upcoming 
Greneral Conference in August, it was my privilege to sit in 
with representatives of the various boards and auxiliaries of 
The Brethren Church as they made reports of the progress of 
their "Visions" presentations to be made at Conference. It was 
so inspirational to hear their unique ideas and projects for set- 
ting forth accomplishments, improvements, and projected 
dreams for God's work in their individual areas, that my en- 
thusiasm almost knew no bounds. I felt like I must shout it 
from the housetops that this 1983 General Conference is 
really going to be something special! 

Also, as these various church representatives spoke of the 
other plans that are being made for our very own 100th an- 
niversary, such as the auction and craft sale. Communion 
with Brethren from all over the United States (and perhaps 
other countries, too!), special luncheons for the Crusaders, 
World Relief, Missions, and the Woman's Missionary Society, 
I made plans to attend as many of the meetings as I possibly 

I liked the idea, too, that the morning inspirational hour on 
Wednesday through Friday will feature three Brethren pas- 
tors speaking on our Conference theme, "Rekindling the Gift 
of Ck)d" (II Tim. 1:6, 7), and that evening worship on Tuesday 
through Thursday will include a drama and two Brethren 
pastors looking at The Brethren Church from the angles of 
"Retrospect," "Introspect," and "Prospect." Doesn't that sound 

In fact. Diary, from the "Opening Celebration" on Monday 
night, August 8, through the "Extra Special Sunday," August 
14, when the worship service, under the direction of our Mis- 
sionary Board, will be broadcast and possibly televised, every 
minute of the week promises to be filled with blessing and 
thanksgiving. I really hope that throughout the Brotherhood ^^i^- ^,.i^^'- 
our members are planning to come and take advantage of this ^.^s^^^^^ 
rare opportunity to worship God together. After all, Diary, 
\this only happens every hundred years! ^ss^^if-^ 



\ \ 



, ieekley, 'c^vrman of the Conference Publicity Committee, 
Sarasota, Fla. Her husband. Chaplain Eugene Beekley, is this 
year's moderator-elect of General Conference. 

The Brethren Evangelis': 


The "Centennial Celebration" 
of The Brethren Church 

The 95th General Conference of The Breth- 
ren Church promises to be a memorable occa- 
sion, as Brethren come together to celebrate the 
100th anniversary of our denomination. A 
variety of special events are planned for this 
"Centennial Celebration" in addition to the 
usual activities of any Brethren General Con- 

Because of the special celebration, this year's 
conference will be a day and a half longer 
than those of the past few years. Sessions will 
begin on Monday evening, August 8, and con- 
tinue through Sunday morning, August 14. 
Main sessions will be held as usual in the 
John C. Myers Convocation Center on the 
Ashland College campus, except for the Sun- 
day morning worship service, which will be 

held in the college Memorial Chapel. 

The theme for this year's Conference is "Re- 
kindling the Gift of God." Theme verses are 
II Timothy 1:6 and 7. 

On this and the following pages are a pre- 
view of what is planned for all who attend this 
year's "Centennial Celebration" Conference. 
The first few pages give a schedule of each 
day's events and a description of highlights for 
the day. Then comes information about the 
BYC Convention, auxiliary sessions, and Gen- 
eral Conference business. 

Look over this information and see what is 
planned for this year's General Conference. 
Then plan to be in Ashland in August for all 
or part of our Brethren "Centennial Celebra- 



6:00 p.m.— "Opening Celebration." 
7:00 p.m. — Opening Worship. 
8:30 p.m.— "A Time of Gathering." 

"Opening Celebration" 

A parade of banners and churches, greet- 
ings from both the General Conference and 
the BYC Convention moderators, and an ap- 
pearance by Henry R. Holsinger are planned 
for the gala "Opening Celebration" of the 
95th General Conference of the Brethren 

Charles Beekley, Director of Christian Edu- 
cation for The Brethren Church, will be mas- 
ter of ceremonies for the celebration, which 
will begin at six o'clock on Monday evening, 
August 8. Special music for the occasion will 
be presented by "Gabriel," an orchestral en- 
semble from the Ashland Park Street Breth- 
ren Church. 

Brethren congregations are encouraged to 
bring a banner for the parade. They may 
bring their 1976 banners or make a new one. 
Banners are to be made of cloth, no larger 
than three by five feet, and mounted along 
the three-foot side on a six-foot pole one inch 
in diameter. 

Opening Worship 

Dr. Bruce Thielemann, Dean of the Chapel 
of Grove City College, will be the keynote 
speaker at the 1983 General Conference. He 
will speak at the opening worship service 

scheduled for 
seven o'clock 
Monday evening. 
Dr. Thiele- 
mann has served 
as Dean of the 
Chapel at Grove 
City College 
(Grove City, Pa.) 
since 1974. In 
this position he 
serves as preach- 
er, teacher, and 
counselor to the 
college commu- 
nity. He is also 
able to engage in a wide-ranging speaking 
ministry and is in great demand as a 
speaker — traveling over 50,000 miles each 
year for this purpose. 

Bom in Pittsburgh, Pa., in 1933, Mr. 
Thielemann earned a bachelor of arts degree 
at Westminister College in New Wellington, 
Pa., and a bachelor of divinity degree from 
Pittsburgh-Xenia Theological Seminary. From 
1959 to 1968 he served as pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church of McKeesport, Pa. In 
December of 1968 he accepted a call to pastor 
the Glendale Presbyterian Church, Glendale, 
Calif. During his six years there, he was espe- 
cially noted for his work with youth. Sixty- 
four young men entered seminary under his 
guidance during this pastorate. 

"A Time of Gathering" 

See under Tuesday's activities on next page. 


July 1983 












8:15 a.m.- 
9:30 a.m.- 

10:00 a.m.— 

12:00 noon- 
1:30 p.m.- 

3:00 p.m.- 
5:30 p.m.- 
7:00 p.m.- 
8:30 p.m.- 

Conference Choir rehearsal. 

"Songfest" (congregational 


Moderator's Address and 

Opening Business Session. 

-Crusader Review Luncheon. 

Auxiliary Meetings — WMS, 

Laymen, and Ministerial 


Business Session. 

Crusader Alumni Dinner. 

Evening Worship. 

"A Time of Gathering." 

Moderator's Address 

Dr. Donald 
Rinehart, this 
year's General 
Conference mod- 
erator, will pre- 
sent his mod- 
erator's address 
at ten o'clock 
Tuesday morn- 
ing. He will 
also preside 
over the daily 
business ses- 
sions through- 
out Conference 

Dr. Rinehart is Dean of the School of Arts 
and Humanities at Ashland College and also 
Professor of Religion at AC. He holds degrees 
from both Ashland College (B.S. in education) 
and Ashland Theological Seminary (master of 
divinity and doctor of ministry), as well as a 
master of education degree from the Univer- 
sity of Arizona. 

Before joining the college faculty in 1969, 
he served from 1965-1969 as pastor of the 
Smithville, Ohio, Brethren Church. 

Dr. Rinehart and his wife, Jan (Klingen- 
smith), have three children, the oldest a 
junior at Ashland College. 

Conference Choir 

Brethren are invited to join in sharing the 
gift of music and in singing praises to the 
Lord by participating in the All-Conference 

This year's choir will be directed by Char- 
lene (Mrs. Donald) Rowser from New Leba- 
non, Ohio, and will sing in the Wednesday 
and Thursday evening worship services. 
Rehearsals will be held from 8:30 to 9:30 

Tuesday and Wednesday mornings in the 
Convocation Center. 

The choir will sing "Brethren We Have Met 
to Worship" (by William Moore, arranged by 
Norman Johnson) and "First Song of Isaiah" 
(by Jack Noble White). Music will be avail- 
able Tuesday morning at the first rehearsal. 

Evening Worship 

"Retrospect," a look at our past, will be the 
theme of the worship service planned for 
Tuesday evening of Conference. A Brethren 
historical drama, written and directed by 
Rev. Bradley Weidenhamer, Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary librarian, will be presented 
during the service. 

The drama will highlight events after 1850 
that led to the division of the church in 1882 
and the establishment of The Brethren 
Church in 1883. Eight scenes will be pre- 
sented, with Elder P.J. Brown, a Progressive 
Brethren leader, providing a prologue to each 
scene. Rev. Keith Hensley, church-planting 
pastor in Conover, N.C., will play the part of 
P.J. Brown. Elder Henry R. Holsinger will 
also appear in the drama, played by none 
other than Dr. Charles Munson. Among the 
eight scenes will be an 1851 worship service, 
Annual Meeting in 1877, the Holsinger trial 
in Berlin, Pa., and the Brethren Convention 
of 1883. 

Tuesday evening will also be "Dress-Up 
Night." Those wanting to wear "Centennial" 
style clothing are encouraged to do so. 

"A Time of Gathering" 

Beginning on Monday evening and continu- 
ing nightly throughout the week. Conference 
attenders will have the opportunity to partici- 
pate in "A Time of Gathering" following the 
evening worship services. During this time 
they can enjoy light entertainment by the 
Summer Crusaders, fellowship with others, 
and refreshments in the Convocation Center 

"A Time of Gathering" will provide the 
Brethren an opportunity to be together in an 
informal setting as one big family, rather 
than their going off in small groups to various { 
eating places in town. 

Conference Offering 

An offering will be received nightly during 
the week to help defray Conference costs. 
Congregations may wish to bring a special 
offering. Individuals who contribute $25 or 
more prior to Conference will be recognized as 
Centennial Conference sponsors. A Sunday 
morning offering will be received for missions. 


The Brethren Evangelis 


8:15 a.m. — Conference Choir rehearsal. 

9:30 a.m. — Inspirational Hour. 
10:15 a.m. — Board and Auxiliary Visions. 
Missionary Board (Home 
Missions), Retirement Board, 
Benevolent Board, Brethren 
Publishing Co., and National 
Woman's Missionary Society. 
12:00 noon — World Relief Luncheon 

1:30 p.m. — Auxiliary Meetings. 

3:00 p.m. — Business Session. 

7:00 p.m. — Evening Worship. 

8:30 p.m.— "A Time of Gathering." ■ 

Inspirational Hour 

Rev. Clarence A. Stogsdill, pastor of the 
Tucson, Ariz., First Brethren Church, will be 
the speaker during the inspirational hour 
Wednesday morning. 

Rev. Stogsdill is completing his 20th year 
as pastor of the Tucson congregation and his 
35th year as an ordained Brethren elder. In 
addition to the Tucson church, he has pas- 
tored the Gretna, Canton Trinity, Johnstown 
Third, and Milledgeville First Brethren 
churches. He also served as National Breth- 
ren Youth Director from 1953 to 1956. In 
1963 he was General Conference moderator. 

Visions Presentations 

In this year when Brethren are looking 
back over 100 years of history as a church. 
Brethren denominational boards and aux- 
iliaries are also taking a look at what lies 
ahead. Each of these boards and auxiliaries 
will share its forward-looking plans, goals, 
and dreams with delegates and guests in 

"Visions Presentations" at Conference. 

These presentations will be made Wednes- 
day, Thursday, and Friday mornings begin- 
ning at 10:15, with four different ministries 
sharing their "visions" each day. For these 
sessions. Conference will be divided into four 
groups in four comers of the meeting room. 
Each board or auxiliary will have each group 
for a 20-minute session. Half of this time will 
be used by the board or auxiliary to make a 
verbal and visual presentation of its "vision." 
The remaining time will be used for questions 
and responses from the group. 

World Relief Luncheon 

"Share a Lunch — Meet a Bunch" will be the 
theme of the free World Relief lunch sched- 
uled for Wednesday noon of Conference week. 
Menu for the sack lunch, to be eaten in the 
main Conference meeting room, will include a 
variety of sandwiches, celery and carrot 
sticks, fruit, and beverage. 

A short film. Facts Have Faces, will be 
shown. Donations will be accepted for World 

Evening Worship 

Rev. James Rowsey, pastor of the Smithville, 
Ohio, Brethren Church, will give the message 
during the worship service on Wednesday 
evening. His theme will be "Introspect" — a 
look at the present of The Brethren Church. 

Rev. Rowsey began serving the Smithville 
Brethren Church in June. He came to 
Smithville from the St. James, Md., Brethren 
Church, where he served for seven years. He 
has also pastored the Fairhaven (now dis- 
banded), Ashland Garber, and Milledgeville 
First Brethren churches, as well as an earlier 
three-year pastorate at Saint James. 





8:15 a.m. — Discussion of the proposed 
"Centennial Statement." 

9:30 a.m. — Inspirational Hour. 
10:15 a.m. — Board and Auxiliary Visions. 
World Relief Board, Ashland 
Theological Seminary, Board of 
Christian Education, and 
National Laymen's Organization. 
12:00 noon — Missions Luncheon. 

1:30 p.m. — Auxiliary Meetings. 

3:00 p.m. — Business Session. 

7:00 p.m. — Evening Worship. 

8:30 p.m.— "A Time of Gathering." 

Inspirational Hour 

The inspirational speaker for Thursday 
morning will be Rev. John Brownsberger, 
pastor of the Louisville, Ohio, First Brethren 

Rev. Brownsberger began serving the 
Louisville First Church in 1979, following a 
seven-year pastorate at the Hillcrest Breth- 
ren Church in Dayton, Ohio. He was the first 
pastor of the Winding Waters Brethren 
Church in Elkhart, Ind., which he served 
from 1964 to 19_72^ 

Note: The "Centennial Statement," to be 
discussed Thursday morning, appeared in last 
month's EVANGELIST, pages 12-15. 

{Thursday's highlights continued on next page.) 

July 1983 











Thursday continued 
Missions Luncheon 

Maria Miranda, co-worker with her hus- 
band, Juan Carlos, in the Brethren Hispanic 
ministry in California and Mexico, will be the 
speaker at the Missions Luncheon planned for 
noon on Thursday. In addition to working 
with her husband, Mrs. Miranda has her own 
radio program, "For You My Dear Lady," in 
which she shares Christian advice for His- 
panic women. The Spanish program is carried 
on more than 30 radio stations. 

Rev. Arden Gilmer will be the emcee for 
the luncheon, which will be held in the Ash- 
land College Redwood Dining Hall. Music 
will be provided by a male quartet from Park 

Street Brethren Church. Tickets for the lunch- 
eon will be $5.00. 

Evening Worship 

Dr. Richard Allison, Director of Doctoral 
Studies and Associate Professor of Christian 
Education at Ashland Theological Seminary, 
will speak at the Thursday evening worship 
service. He will take a look at the future of 
The Brethren Church as he deals with the 
topic "Prospect." 

Dr. Allison joined the seminary staff full- 
time in 1976, following a very successful 
ministry at the Jefferson, Ind., Brethren 
Church, where he was the founding pastor. 
He has also pastored the North Qeorgetown, 
Wayne Heights, and Goshen First Brethren 


8:15 a.m. — General Conference Committee 

9:30 a.m. — Inspirational Hour. 
10:15 a.m. — Board and Auxiliary Visions. 

World Missions, Ashland College, 
Pastoral Ministries, and National 
Brethren Youth Crusaders. 
12:00 noon— WMS Luncheon. 
1:30 p.m. — Auxiliary Meetings. 
3:00 p.m.— Free time. 
7:00 p.m. — Communion Service. 

Inspirational Hour 

Speaker for the inspirational hour on Fri- 
day morning will be Rev. Michael Gleason, 
pastor of the Pleasant View Brethren Church, 
Vandergrift, Pa. 

Following graduation from Ashland 
Theological Seminary in 1978, Rev. Gleason 

became Minister of Christian Education and ! 
Family Life at the Winding Waters Brethren | 
Church, Elkhart, Ind. He served in this posi- | 
tion two years before becoming pastor of the 
Pleasant View congregation in 1980. ; 

Communion Service I 


A Three-Fold Communion Service is j 

planned for seven o'clock Friday evening, j 

Leading the service will be Rev. Mark Baker, J 

pastor of the Carmel, Ind., Brethren Church. { 

A 1980 graduate of Ashland Theological j 

Seminary, Rev. Baker went to Carmel shortly { 

after graduation as church-planter in a new { 

home mission work. Under his leadership a j 

congregation of about 20 members has been ) 

established with an average attendance of 30. j 
In March ten acres of land were purchased as 
a future building site. 

Rev. Baker has past experience leading 
Communion services for both the BYC Con- 
vention and General Conference. 

"Super Saturday" 

8:30 a.m.— One-Mile Fun Run. 
9:00 a.m.— 5K Road Race. 
11:00 a.m. — Centennial Heritage Auction. 
1:00 p.m. — Recreation. 
4:30 p.m. — Picnic. 

7:00 p.m.— Old Fashioned Hymn Sing. 
9:00 p.m.— "A Time of Gathering." 

Saturday's Activities 

A super fun-day is planned for Saturday of 
Conference week, with a variety of enjoyable 
activities planned for the day. Dr. Jack Oxen- 

rider, pastor of the Jefferson Brethren 
Church, and Mr. Charles Beekley, Director of 
Christian Education for The Brethren 
Church, are coordinators for the occasion. 

The day will get underway at 8:30 a.m. 
with a One-Mile Fun Run. More serious 
runners can wait until nine o'clock and take 
part in the Brethren Progressive Move- 
ment Centennial Five-Kilometer Road 
Race. This will be a timed race, with awards 
to be presented to the first and second male 
and female finishers as well as to the top 
three finishers in each age group. 

Pre-registration cost for either the fun run 

(continued on next page) 


The Brethren Evangelis'I 

"Super Saturday" cont 

or the race is $3.00, or $5.00 for those want- 
ing a T-shirt. Registration on race day will be 
$4.00, plus $2.00 for a T-shirt if still avail- 
able. Sponsors of the races, in addition to The 
Brethren Church, are The National Latex 
Products Co. of Ashland, and Ashland College. 
Proceeds from the event will go to Ashland 
College for scholarships. 

The next scheduled event of the day will be 
the Centennial Heritage Auction, which 
will begin at 11:00 a.m. and continue to about 
4:00 p.m. This will be a sale of antiques, 
quilts, furniture, and collectibles contributed 
by Brethren people. Proceeds from the auc- 
tion will benefit seven projects of Brethren 
Church ministries. A number of items have 
been committed for this auction, but more are 
needed if it is to be successful in providing 
needed funds for special Brethren projects. 
Both churches and individuals are encour- 
aged to take a look around to see if there are 
items of value that could be donated for this 

Those who have spent all their money dur- 
ing the first two hours of the auction (or who 
didn't have any to begin with) can participate 
in recreation beginning at 1:00 p.m. Among 

the events being planned by Rev. Tim Gamer 
and his assistants are "Long, Long, Long 
Jump, Filler Up" (you may get a little wet), 
"Crazy Volleyball" (a towel and more than 
one ball make this one interesting), softball — 
"Oldtimers (over 35!) vs. "Youthful" (35 and 
under), volleyball — "Progressive men" vs. 
"determined Progressive women," and flag 
football— "East All-Stars" (Ohio, Pa., South- 
east, Fla.) vs. "West All-Stars" (everybody 
else). Prestigious awards (great thought but 
little expense) are being designed for each 
event, and the recreation is open to all ages. 

A picnic is planned for 4:30 p.m., then an 
Old Fashioned Hymn Sing at 7:00 p.m. 
How long has it been since you've shared in a 
hymn sing or singspiration — a time spent 
singing hymns and gospel songs and listening 
to special music? This Old Fashioned Hymn 
Sing will give you just such an opportunity. 
You'll have a chance to choose some of your 
favorite hymns under the leadership of sev- 
eral different song leaders. And you'll also 
hear special music from the Ambassador 
Quartets, groups from various districts, and a 
soloist or two. Plan to share in this special 
music event. 

Following the hymn sing, this full day of 
activity, like other days throughout the week, 
will conclude with "A Time of Gathering." 




"Extra Special Sunday" 

9:15 a.m. — Sunday School. Classes for 

all ages. 
10:30 a.m.— Worship. 

Worship Service 

Dr. Lester P. 
Westlund, rep- 
resentative at 
large of the De- 
partment of 
Overseas Mis- 
sions of the 
Evangelical Free 
Church of 

America, will 
present the 
message during 
the Sunday 
morning wor- 
ship service of 
The service is being coordinated by the Mis- 
sionary Board of The Brethren Church. It will 
include special music by a BYC Convention 
youth choir and a prelude and postlude by 

Rev. and Mrs. W. St. Clair BenshofF playing 
the organ and piano. 

Dr. Westlund served for 22 years as Execu- 
tive Director of Overseas Missions for the 
Evangelical Free Church before retiring from 
that position in September 1980. Five of the 
Evangelical Free Church's eleven mission 
fields were started under his leadership, and 
the number of missionaries from the church 
almost doubled. Dr. Westlund traveled some 
1.5 million miles on behalf of Free Church 
missions. He also served for a time as presi- 
dent of the Evangelical Foreign Missions As- 
sociation, the overseas commission of the Na- 
tional Association of Evangelicals. According 
to Rev. Virgil Ingraham, Dr. Westlund is a 
capable Bible teacher and conference speaker, 
with a good sense of humor. 

Mr. Thomas L. Stoffer, president of the Mis- 
sionary Board, will preside over the worship 
service. An offering will be taken for the work 
of Brethren missions. 

Sunday School 

The Conference will provide teachers for 
adults, and the BYC Convention will arrange 
classes for youth. Children will meet with the 
classes at Park Street Brethren Church. 


July 1983 






BYC Convention 

Messages by Phil Bender and concerts by 
the Christian music groups TRUTH and 
GLAD will highlight the 1983 BYC Conven- 
tion. Phil will speak on Thursday and Friday 
mornings and Friday night (see accompany- 
ing article). TRUTH will sing on Tuesday 
evening and GLAD on Saturday evening. 

Other special events scheduled for the week 
include two "Superfellowships," a hoedown, 
special recreation on Wednesday and Thurs- 

day afternoons, workshops on contemporary 
issues of concern to young people, "BYC 
Showcase," and a campfire service. 

The "BYC Showcase" will provide youth an 
opportunity to share their gifts and talents 
with one another, and any person or group 

with a Christian-oriented talent or gift is in- 
vited to participate. It will not be a competi- 
tion, but a sharing of talents. 

Youth will also participate with the adults 
in a number of sessions, including evening 
worship services, an All-Conference Com- 
munion Service, and many of the "Super 
Saturday" events. And throughout the week 
an all-BYC choir will rehearse that will sing 
during the Sunday worship service. 

Mike Funkhouser, 
an Ashland Col- 
lege sophomore 
from Sarasota, 
Fla., will moder- 
ate the BYC Con- 
vention. Mike 
will preside over 
the daily business 
meetings of the 
BYC Convention, 
scheduled from 
one to three 
o'clock Tuesday 
through Friday 

Inspirational Speaker 

The inspira- 
tional speaker 
for the 1983 
Brethren Youth 
Convention will 
be Phil Bender. 
Phil is a Campus 
Life Coordinator 
for Youth For 
Christ in Elk- 
hart, Indiana. 

Over the past 
12 years Phil 
has been active 
in youth minis- 
try and a music 
ministry in high school camps and retreats 
throughout the Midwest. He also traveled 
with several summer mission teams in parts 
of Central and South America. For two years, 
he served as Bible study leader and music co- 
ordinator for a church youth group of 200 in 
southern California. 

Phil is a graduate of Taylor University and 
attended Grace Seminary in Winona Lake, 
Indiana. He and his wife, Patty, have a son, 
born in March of this year. They live in Nap- 
panee, Indiana. 

Phil will bring inspirational messages on 
Thursday and Friday mornings to the BYC 
Convention. He will also speak to the youth 
at a campfire following the All-Conference 
Communion Friday night. At the campfire 
the young men and women of The Brethren 
Church will be challenged to renew their 
commitment to serve the cause of Christ. 

Children's Sessions 

The Board of Christian Education will be 
sponsoring the children's program planned for 
the 1983 General Conference. A study de- 
veloped by Jeff and Erica Weidenhamer based 
on the theme, "Jesus— His Kingdom in Our 
World," will be explored by the children during 
Conference week. 

Half-day sessions are planned for Tuesday, 
August 9, through Friday, August 12, running 
from 8:00 a.m. until 12:00 noon. The cost will 
be $6.00 per child, payable at the door. 

Jeff and Erica Weidenhamer plan to recruit 
workers for the children's program from 
throughout the denomination. Letters have 
gone out to several individuals or churches 
seeking volunteers. Those who respond affirm- 
atively will receive more information from the , 
Weidenhamers. i 


The Brethren EvangeliS; 


Auxiliary Sessions 

National WMS 

Woman's Missionary Sessions at General 
Conference will center on a theme depicted by 
an acrostic puzzle built on the word REKIN- 
DLE. Mrs. Donna Stoffer from the Trinity 
Brethren Church, Canton, Ohio, will lead the 
daily inspirational time. She will focus on key 
words from I Timothy 1:6, 7 — rekindle, power, 
love, and discipline. 

Throughout the week the following special 
services will be held: Tuesday, President 
Pauline BenshofPs Challenge; Wednesday, 
Memorial Service; Thursday, Thank Offering; 
Friday, Fellowship Luncheon and Project In- 
gathering. In addition, each day a different 
woman from the Sister's Society of Christian 
Endeavor will bring greetings to the women. 

Friday will be the highlight of the week, 
centering on the WMS Luncheon. This lunch- 
eon, open to all women attending Conference, 
will be held at the Christ United Methodist 
Church. The Project Ingathering received at 
the luncheon will culminate a two-year en- 
deavor to establish a Revolving Building 
Fund for churches in Mexico. 

Women will also have an opportunity to 
quilt at this year's Conference. Mrs. Ellen 
Clough will be supervising the work on two 
quilts that will be auctioned off during the 
Centennial Heritage Auction on Saturday. 

Auxiliaries will meet daily, Tuesday 
through Friday, from 1:30 p.m. to 2:45 p.m. 

Ministerial Association 

Brethren pastors and elders will continue 
their consideration of the ordination of 
women (begun at Pastors' Conference in 
April) during Ministerial Association sessions 
at General Conference. Dr. Jack Oxenrider, 
Mr. Dave Kerner, Rev. Terry Lodico, and Rev. 
Archie Nevins will present papers (two for, 
two against) on this subject during the Thurs- 
day and Friday afternoon sessions. 

A presentation on "Income Taxes for Cler- 
gymen" will be given during part of the 
Wednesday session. Rich Ullery, a CPA from 
Crowe Chizek and Co., Elkhart, Ind., will be 
making this presentation. 

The opening session Tuesday and part of 
the Wednesday session will be a time for as- 
sociation business, reports, and memorials. 

National Laymen 

The emphasis will be on business during 
the National Laymen's Organization sessions 
at General Conference. President James 
Payne will moderate the daily meetings in 
the Ashland College Memorial Chapel base- 
ment ("The Salt Cellar"). 

Committee selection and constitution revi- 
sion are planned for the Tuesday afternoon ses- 
sion. Wednesday afternoon's program will in- 
clude a memorial service and projects ingather- 
ing. Election of officers and a continuation of 
projects ingathering are scheduled for Thurs- 
day. And Friday will be a time for committee 
reports, adoption of projects and goals for the 
coming year, and installation of officers. 






Conference Business 

During the 1982 General Conference a motion 
was passed "that the Executive Committee of Con- 
ference be assigned the responsibility of informing 
'the local Brethren churches concerning major is- 
[sues to be brought on the Conference floor at least 
2 months before Conference." Formal notice of the 
major items to be included in the 1983 General 
Conference business sessions was given to Breth- 
ren churches in the June 1 issue of Leadership 
Letter, which was sent to all pastors and mod- 
erators of Brethren congregations. But in order to 
make this information more fully available to 
Brethren people, it is also being included here. 

1. The General Conference Executive Committee 
((jCEC) will recommend that the 1984 appor- 
tionment remain at $5.75 per church growth 
k index point and that the 1984 General Confer- 
ence delegate fee remain at $15.00 per dele- 
gate ($10 for Conference operations and $5 for 
delegate travel subsidy). The 1984 budgets are 
in preparation and will be based upon the an- 

JULY 1983 

ticipated income from these figures. 

2. The GCEC will also bring a recommendation 
for the election of Conference officers for one 
three-year term. The rationale behind this rec- 
ommendation is that the present one-year 
terms assure no continuity for the Executive 
Committee. Election to rotating three-year 
terms will mean that six of the nine members 
of the GCEC will have had at least one year of 
experience. The GCEC feels adoption of this 
recommeirdation is important in light of the 
high level of responsibility the committee now 

3. The Statement of Faith Task Force has pre- 
pared a Centennial Statement for General 
Conference consideration. The full statement 
appears in the June Evangelist. Pastors are 
urged to lead their congregations in a discus- 
sion of the statement prior to Conference. 

The action that prompted preparation of this 
document was taken in 1981: "That a formal 
and thorough statement of the beliefs and 
practices of the Brethren Church be developed 

(continued on next page) 


Conference Business cont 

for adoption and dissemination at the 1983 Gen- 
eral Conference. By way of explanation, this is not 
intended to be a creed but rather a declaration of 
the articles of our faith." 

The GCEC will recommend that General Con- 
ference accept the Centennial Statement as a tes- 
timony of our faith and life as Brethren today. 
This recommendation will be presented in the 
Thursday afternoon business session. 
4. A resolution on nuclear arms was presented to the 
1982 Conference. After lengthy discussion, the 
Conference acted "to refer the resolution to the 
Social Concerns Committee for further considera- 
tion during the coming year." 

Following publication of an article in the March 
Evangelist by a member of the committee and a 
call for recommendations from across the brother- 
hood, the committee has prepared an alternative 
resolution for consideration. This resolution will 
be an item of business Wednesday afternoon. 

1983 Peace Resolution 

Be it resolved that this 95th General Conference of 
The Brethren Church, meeting in Ashland, Ohio, Au- 
gust 8-14, 1983, reaffirm the commitment our Brethren 
Church has had since its beginning to oppose violence 
and war. The Scriptures and the life of Jesus are the 
basis for our belief (Matt. 5:9; Luke 19:42; John 14:27; 
Rom. 12:14-21; Phil. 2:5) 

We live in a time when war has taken on a new dimen- 
sion. The early Brethren opposed taking up arms against 
the enemy and refused to pay for those who did. Our na- 
tion now prepares to "take up nuclear arms" against 
today's enemies — our opposition remains the same. 

We can never condone evil, yet Jesus commands us to 
love our enemies, no matter how evil they are. (Matt. 
5:44) We cannot truly love our enemies and yet be will- 
ing to annihilate them. In a nuclear war not only our 
enemies would die but also Christians in those nations 
who are our brothers and sisters in Christ. 

As citizens of this country we are privileged to share 
in the responsibility for its policies. Nuclear weapons 
pose a genuine threat to the continuation of life on this 
planet which God has created and for which He has or- 
dered us to care. Those who would destroy the earth risk 
the judgment of God. (Rev. 11:18) 

We remember the call of Jesus to respond in love. In 
love, we must build relationships with those we now see 
as enemies. In love, we must feed the hungry, clothe the 
naked and free the captives of our world, and not build 
ever more deadly instruments of destruction. In love, let 
us pray for the leaders of the world, that they may see 
clearly the paths toward peace. 

Be it also resolved that The Brethren Church take an 
active part in educating itself about other nations and 
other peoples, even those who threaten us. Then we 
might learn to respect each other and abandon the fears 
brought about by stereotypes. With today's technology 
we are drawn together around the world until we simply 
live in a Global Village. Let us ask God to teach us how 
to love the enemies in our village. 

Be it further resolved that we reflect on the following 
questions: What is our witness? Do we believe force is 
more powerful than the love of Jesus? 


Election of officers 

The General Conference Nominating Committee 
has prepared the following slate of nominees for 
1983-84 Conference offices: 


Arden E. Gilmer, pastor, Park Street Brethren 
Church, Ashland, Ohio; presently General Confer- 
ence Statutory Agent. 

John D. Rowsey, self-employed; member, Garber 
Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio; formerly General 
Conference Statutory Agent. 


Fred D. Horn, Sr., retired elementary principal; 
member, Ardmore Brethren Church, South Bend, i 
Ind.; presently Greneral Conference Secretary. 

Sherry Van Duyne, homemeiker; member, Brighton i 
Chapel Brethren Church, Brighton, Ind.; currently i 
National WMS Financial Secretary. ] 

Assistant Secretary: j 

Holly Finks, registered nurse; member, Park Street | 

Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio. | 

Grace Grumbling, homemaker; member, Johns- 
town, Pa., Third Brethren Church; presently General ; 
Conference Assistant Secretary. 

Kay Winfield, instructor, Ashland College; mem- 
ber. Park Street Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio; 
formerly a member of General Conference Publicity 


Rodger Geaslen, retired typesetter; member, 
Hagerstown, Md., First Brethren Church; currently \ 
General Conference Treasurer. 

James Rowsey, pastor, Smithville, Ohio, Brethren ; 
Church; presently a member of the Brethren Publish- 
ing Co. board. 

Assistant Treasurer: 

James F. Black, manager. The Carpenter's Shop; 
member. Park Street Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio; 
presently General Conference Assistant Treasurer. 

Betty Deardurff, homemaker; member, Gretna 
Brethren Church, Bellefontaine, Ohio; Ohio District 

James Miller, Jr., associate pastor. Park Street 
Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio; presently secretary, 
Ohio District Mission Board. 


James Hollinger, surgeon; member, Jefferson 
Brethren Church, Goshen, Ind.; currently Generalj 
Conference Statistician and 1983-84 Indiana District | 
Moderator. j 

Kenneth Sullivan, pastor. Trinity Brethren j 
Church, Canton, Ohio; presently a member of the na-| 
tional Board of Christian Education. i 

Statutory Agent: | 

John Shultz, professor, Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary; member. Park Street Brethren Church, Ash- 
land, Ohio; currently a member of the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Co. board. 

Julie Schiefer, administrative secretary. Board ol 
Christian Education; member. Park Street Brethren 
Church, Ashland, Ohio. 

The Brethren Evangelisi 



news from the Brethren Church 

Smoky Row Brethren dedicate 
initial ctiurcti building 

Columbus, Ohio — Brethren 

] from seven other Ohio Brethren 

i churches joined the members and 
friends of the Smoky Row Breth- 

I ren Church for the dedication of 

; their first church building Sunday 
afternoon, June 5. Attendance for 

I the dedication was approximately 


f The new church building is lo- 
cated on a four-acre site on Smoky 

[Row Road in Worthington, Ohio, 

jjust outside the Columbus city 

i limits (on the northwest side). The 

[congregation was formerly known 

jas the Columbus Brethren Bible 
Dr. Dale Stoffer, pastor of the 

I congregation, led the service of 
dedication, and Rev. James R. 

I Black, Director of Home Missions 

' and Evangelism for The Brethren 

I Church, presented the message. 
Mr. Robert Hammersmith, a mem- 
ber of the congregation, read 

i Scripture, and Rev. Richard Win- 

! field, chairman of the Ohio Dis- 
trict Mission Board, offered the 

j prayer of dedication. Mr. William 

I Fisher of the Smoky Row congre- 
gation presented special music. 

I The new wood-frame and stucco 

i church building contains approxi- 

, mately 3,500 square feet. The wor- 
ship area measures 32 by 49 feet 

i and seats approximately 150. Four 

' classrooms at the back of the wor- 

) ship area open up to provide seat- 
ing for an additional 80 worship- 
ers. A pastor's study, nursery, 
narthex, restrooms, mechanical 
room, and kitchen area off" one of 

j the classrooms are also included in 
the building. 

I Cost of construction and materi- 
als for the building was approxi- 
mately $130,000. In addition much 
labor was donated. A total of 59 
men and women from other Ohio 
Brethren churches helped with the 

Above, exterior 
view of the new 
building showing 
the outside of the 
sanctuary at the 
right and the 
main entrance at 
the left. At right, 
interior view look- 
ing from the 
sanctuary into the 
classrooms and 
showing some of 
the people who 
attended the 

construction, as well as 20 to 30 
from the Smoky Row congregation. 
Some of the building materials 
were also donated or provided at a 
reduced price by Brethren people. 
According to Pastor Stoffer, "This 
building stands as a testimony of 
what God's people can do when 
they unite as brothers and sisters 
in a common cause for Christ and 
caring concern for His people." 

The first service of the Colum- 
bus Brethren Bible Fellowship 
was held September 21, 1980, in 
the Stoffer's townhouse. On 
November 30, 1980, services were 
moved to a Weight Watchers' facil- 

JULY 1983 

ity nearby, then to Commodore 
Perry Middle School on August 1, 
1982. The four-acre site of the new 
building was purchased on Oc- 
tober 16, 1982. The congregation 
(renamed the Smoky Row Breth- 
ren Church) held its first worship 
service in the new building on 
Easter Sunday, April 3, 1983. 
Worship service attendance is cur- 
rently averaging 44 per Sunday. 

The Smoky Row Brethren 
Chxirch is a home mission church 
jointly supported by the Ohio Dis- 
trict Mission Board and the na- 
tional Missionary Board of The 
Brethren Church. 



Gregg Moser ordained May 29 
at Winding Waters Ciiurcli 

Elkhart, Ind. — Gregg A. Moser 
was ordained an elder in The 
Brethren Church and Diane K. 
Moser was consecrated as the wife 
of an elder on Sunday afternoon, 
May 29. The service of ordination 
and consecration was held at the 
Winding Waters Brethren Church 
in Elkhart. 

Dr. Fred Finks, Vice President 
of Ashland Theological Seminary 
and former pastor of the Winding 
Waters Church, presented the or- 
dination message. Other elders 
participating in the service in- 
cluded Rev. Leroy Solomon, senior 
pastor at Winding Waters; Rev. 
Robert Mitchell, associate pastor; 
Rev. Michael Gleason, pastor of 
the Pleasant View (Vandergrift, 
Pa.) Brethren Church; Rev. Her- 
bert Gilmer, pastor of the Ashland 
Garber Brethren Church; and Rev. 
Alvin Shifflett, senior pastor of the 
Nappanee First Brethren Church. 

Mr. Rick Ullrey, chairman of 

the Winding 
Waters Church, 
read the action 
of the church 
calling for Mr. 
Moser's ordina- 
tion. Gene and 
Jackie Clark 
presented spe- 
cial music, 
and Mrs. Elvera 
Byrket played 
the prelude 
and postlude. 
Gregg Moser 
was born in 
Ligonier, Ind., 
on February 2, 
1946. He is the 

The Gregg Moser Family 

son of Pauline Moser and the late 
George Moser. 

Shortly after graduation from 
Ligonier High School in 1964, he 
joined the Air Force, in which he 
served for 4V2 years. During this 
time he served for one year as in- 

Rita Golby honored 
at Johnstown Third 

Johnstown, Pa. — Sunday, May 
22, was observed as a day of ap- 
preciation for Rita Golby at the 
Third Brethren Church of Johns- 
town. The congregation set aside 
this day to express gratitude to 
Mrs. Golby for her 58 years of 
loyal service as volunteer pianist 
and organist for the church. 

Mrs. Golby did not know that 
she was to be honored until midway 
through the worship service, when Pastor 
Duane Dickson called for distribution of 
printed announcements of the occasion. 
Mrs. Golby, who was playing the organ, 
maintained her usual good composure and 
finished the service. 

At a dinner following the service, Mrs. 
Golby was honored with a program of tes- 
timonials, including congratulations by let- 
ter from some of her former pastors. She 
also received an engraved plaque, donated 
by Barb and Ron Rudge, and a cash gift 
from the congregation. Many of Rita's rela- 
tives were present for the occasion, includ- 

ing her sister, Louella, from 

In addition to her many years of 
service as pianist and organist, 
Mrs. Golby is currently president 
of the local Woman's Missionary 
Society and an outstanding exam- 
ple of dedication to the church. 
Her late husband, John, was a 
former president of the National 
Laymen's Organization. 

— reported by Floyd Benshoff 

Mrs. Rita Golby 

terim pastor of the Burford, Texas, i 
Baptist Church and also attended 1 
the Air Force's inventory manage- 1 
ment school for three years. j 

On June 12, 1970, Gregg mar-; 
ried Diane K. Pressler, also of Elk- ! 
hart, Ind. Following their mar-' 
riage, they moved to Elkhart,] 
where Gregg worked for twelve! 
years as manager of an automobile j 
parts store. 

During this time three children 1 
were born to the Mosers — Tony in! 
December 1971, Ingrid in January! 

1973, and Benjamin in November) 

1974. I 
In 1980 Gregg resigned his posi-l 

tion from the auto-parts store, andj 
he and his family moved to Ash-| 
land. That fall Gregg entered Ash-| 
land Theological Seminary. I 

During his three years at ATS,! 
Gregg served for one year as stu-i 
dent pastor of the Columbus, OhioJ 
First Brethren Church, and foil 
one and one-half years as associate [ 
pastor of the Ashland Garbeii 
Brethren Church. On April li 
1983, he became pastor of thfj 
Derby, Kans., Brethren Church. | 

Gregg received a bachelor of sci j 
ence equivalency degree from Ashj 
land College in 1982. And on Maj: 
28 of this year he received a mas | 
ter of divinity degree from Ash| 
land Theological Seminary. { 


The Brethren Evangelism i 


Rev. Alvin Shifflett selected 
A TS Alumnus of the Year 

Ashland, Ohio — Rev. Alvin 
Shifflett, pastor of the First Breth- 
ren Church of Nappanee, Ind., was 
chosen the 1983 Alumnus of the 
Year by the alumni association of 
Ashland Theological Seminary. 
Rev. Shifflett was honored at the 
annual alumni banquet, held in 
Ashland on April 25. 

Rev. Shifflett, who is a contrib- 
uting editor to the Evangelist 
with his monthly column, "The 
Salt Shaker," received a bachelor 
of divinity degree from Ashland 
Theological Seminary in 1965. 
That same year he became pastor 
of the Second Brethren Church of 
Johnstown, Pa., where he served 
until 1967. He then became pastor 
of the Stockton, Calif., Brethren 
Church, where he served for six 
years. He began serving the Nap- 
panee First Brethren Church in 

During his years of pastoral 
ministry, Rev. Shifflett has served 
The Brethren Church in many 
other ways as well. While in 

California he served as moderator 
of the Northern California Dis- 
trict. Since moving to Indiana, he 
has been moderator twice, includ- 
ing the conference year that just 
ended. He is currently president of 
the National Ministerial Associa- 
tion and secretary-treasurer of the 
Indiana District Ministerial and 
Congregational Relations Board. 

In addition to his regular "Salt 
Shaker" column and a number of 
feature articles in the EVANGELIST, 
Rev. Shifflett has had articles 
printed in a number of other publi- 
cations, including an article in 
Christianity Today in 1979. His 
syndicated weekly column, also 
called "The Salt Shaker," ap- 
peared in a number of Indiana 
newspapers from 1978 to 1981. In 
addition, he is the author of one 
book. Blue Jeans Theology of 
James, published by Standard 
Publishing Company, which has 
sold 10,000 copies and is still in 

A few of his community ac- 

Corrie ten Boom dies April 15 
on ninety-first birttiday 

I Orange, Calif. — Corrie ten Boom, 
internationally -known speaker 
land bestselling author who in- 
' spired millions around the world 
iwith her message of God's love and 
I forgiveness, died peacefully April 
|15 at her Placentia, California, 
jhome. It was her 91st birthday. 
Miss ten Boom's 18 books have 
jsold over 7 million copies. Her 
jmost famous, The Hiding Place, 
'was made into a popular motion 
picture in 1975 and translated into 
several languages. 

Miss ten Boom and her devout 
Christian family became active in 
the Dutch underground movement 
during the German occupation of 
Holland in World War II. They 
were heavily involved in protect- 
ing Jews from the Nazis. 

July 1983 

Tragically, their work came to 
an end when she and her family 
were betrayed and arrested. Miss 
ten Boom's beloved father and sis- 
ter both died during their impris- 
onment. Miss ten Boom was con- 
fined to the infamous concentra- 
tion camp at Ravensbruck for al- 
most a year. 

Upon her release from 
Ravensbruck, Miss ten Boom es- 
tablished a refuge for war victims* 
in Holland. From this house she 
began her mission as a "tramp for 
the Lord." In the over 30 years 
since, Miss ten Boom traveled to 
more than 60 countries around the 
world, telling her story of triumph 
through the horrors of concentra- 
tion camp. 

— EP News Service 





tivities include membership in the 
Rotary Club (former president, 
bulletin editor for the past five 
years), and involvement in the 
local ministerial association (in 
which he has held every executive 

Rev. Shifflett and his wife, 
Bunny, who is a registered nurse, 
have two children: Tony, who just 
completed his freshman year at 
Ashland College, and Carey, who 
will be a high school junior this 

Cheyenne WMS sews 
for needs of others 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — The Woman's 
Missionary Society of the 
Cheyenne Brethren Church seeks 
to sew for the needs of others at 
every opportunity. The women re- 
cently completed 54 smock aprons 
and four vests, which they pre- 
sented to the Foster Grandparents 

The women are now busy quilt- 
ing a quilt and making crafts to 
sell. The money received from 
these items will go to the church's 
building fund. The Cheyenne con- 
gregation broke ground May 1 for 
a new addition and major remodel- 
ing of the present church building 
(see page 21 of the June 

— reported by Alice M. Tharp 



Riverside student Lisa Hostetler 
places Sttt in state two-miie run 

Lost Creek, Ky. — She is a 

pretty, petite high school student 
who looks as if she'd be more at 
home in a home economics class 
than on a running track. But Lisa 
Hostetler not only runs, she placed 
fifth this spring in the state finals 
of the girls' two-mile run for Ken- 
tucky Class A schools. 

Lisa, who will be a senior this 
fall at Riverside Christian Train- 
ing School, is the daughter of 
Doran and Nancy Hostetler. Her 
father is administrator and princi- 
pal of Riverside, and her mother is 
a teacher at the school. 

In order to reach the state finals 
of the two-mile run, Lisa had to 
place in the top four in a regional 
meet and in the top two in the sec- 
tional. She won first place in both! 
She also reached the state finals in 
the one-mile run, but didn't place 
in this event at the state meet. 

Making it to the state track 

meet required a lot of hard work 
for Lisa. She has been running 
track since the sixth grade. Dur- 
ing track season she ran fi"om two 
to six miles every weekday, and 
sometimes on Saturdays. She is 
coached by her mother, who is the 
girls' track coach at Riverside. 

Lisa says that she was excited to 
place fifth in the state meet, but a 
little disappointed not to finish at 
least one place higher. She ran 
neck and neck with the fourth- 
place runner much of the way, 
only to be beat out at the finish. 
Nevertheless, this was her best- 
ever time in the two-mile run. 

Despite Lisa's hard work ui 
training, her life is not all run* 
ning. She is an A-average studeni 
at Riverside — top girl in her class 
She was also a cheerleader during 
the peist schoolyear and played orj 
the girls' basketball team. In addi 
tion, she sings with a group oi 
young adults known as the "Cos 
pel Lights," which presents specia 
programs both locally and ii 
churches in other states. 

Lisa plans to continue runnin|i 
track during her senior year, ant 
she has her eye set on winning thd 
state championship in the two( 
mile run next spring! 

Eleven Brethren receive degrees 
from Ashland Theological Seminary 

Lisa Hostetler on the run. 

Ashland, Ohio — Eleven Breth- 
ren students were among the 89 
graduates to receive degrees fi"om 
Ashland Theological Seminary at 
commencement exercises held in 
the Ashland College Memorial 
Chapel May 28. A capacity crowd 
estimated at 1,400 was present for 
the graduation program. The Rt. 
Rev. David M. Gitari, Bishop of 
the Diocese of Mt. Kenya East, 
Kenya, Afi"ica, was the commence- 
ment speaker. Under Bishop 
Gitari's leadership, the Diocese of 
Mt. Kenya East grew from 19 
parishes in 1975 to 40 parishes in 
1983. A new congregation begins 
at least once a month, and an 
average of 8,000 people are bap- 
tized each year. 

In addition to Bishop Gitari's 
diocesem responsibilities, he is 
chairman of the Theological Com- 
mission of the World Evangelical 
Fellowship and secretary of the 
Kenya Evangelical Fellowship in 
the Anglican Communion. In rec- 
ognition of his outstanding Chris- 
tian service and commitment to 
the cause of Christ, Bishop Gitari 
was presented an honorary doctor 
of divinity degree by Ashland 
Theological Seminary. 

Other degrees conferred by th( 
seminary included one doctor oi 
ministry degree, 7 master of divin 
ity degrees with major in pastoraj 
psychology and counseling, 2{| 
master of divinity degrees, 3 mas ' 
ter of arts in Christian educatioi| 
degrees, 35 master of arts degreen 
with major in pastoral psychology i 
and counseling, 15 master of arti] 
degrees, and two associate ii 
theology certificates. 

The following are Brethren stui 
dents who received degrees: 

James R. Black, a member 0| 
the Ashland Park Street Brethreij 
Church and Director of Home Misj 
sions and Evangelism for Thij 
Brethren Church, received a mas' 
ter of arts degree. i 

Alberta Holsinger, a membci 
of the Ashland Park Street Brethj 
ren Church, received the master c 
arts in Christian education degree! 

G. Emery Kurd, a member c 
the Ashland Park Street Brethreij 
Church, received the master of art i 
degree with major in pastoral psj; 
chology and counseling and als| 
the master of divinity degree, bot, 
with honors. Emery became assisj 
tant pastor of the New Lebanorj 
{continued on next pagi ■ 


The Brethren Evangelisj 


Milford First Brethren breaks ground 
for education and fellowstiip center 

Vlilford, Ind. — The Milford First 
Brethren Church broke ground for 
m education and fellowship center 
m Sunday morning, June 5. 

The new 100- by 60-foot build- 
ng, to be located across the street 
rom the church building, will 
louse a multipurpose auditorium 
seating 150, five or six classrooms, 
I lounge that can be used as one or 
;wo additional classrooms, a pas- 
;or's study, a secretary's office, a 
dtchen, and showers and rest- 
•ooms. It will be attached to an 
fxisting structure that is used as a 
gymnasium. The building will 
iiave brick exterior walls and a 
i;ement slab floor. 

Construction by Miller and Sons 
Structures, Inc., the general con- 
jractor, began immediately. Plans 
j;all for the completion of the shell 
j»f the building by fall, at a cost 
if $60,000.00. The church had ap- 
Droximately $45,000 of this 
nmount in hand at the time of the 
b-oundbreaking. The basic design- 
\v of the education and fellowship 
ienter was Mr. Glen Cripe, a 

ember of the Warsaw, Ind., First 

During the groundbreaking, those digging out the area marked by a cross 
were (1) Pastor Paul Tinkel; (2) Moderator Glen Bixler; (3) Keith 
Hunsberger, Ministry of Property chairman; (4) Francis Korenstra, contract- 
or's representative; (5) Glen Cripe, who designed the building; (6) Precilla 
Myers, who sold the property to the church; (7) Dorothea Kerlin, Ministry of 
Fellowship representative; (8) Tracy Stump, Brethren Youth representative; 
(9) Robert Rassi, Ministry of Deacons chairman; and (10) Jerry Leiter, 
Ministry of Education chairman. 

Brethren Church. 

Prior to the groundbreaking 
service, a white cross had been 
chalked on the ground. Those who 
participated in the actual break- 
ing of the ground dug out this 
cross, symbolizing the dedication 
of this new building to the procla- 

mation and teaching of the gospel 
of Christ. 

In addition to building an educa- 
tion and fellowship center, the 
Milford First Brethren Church is 
celebrating its centennial year in 
1983. Rev. Paul Tinkel is pastor of 
the congregation. 

brethren ATS graduates 

(continued from previous page) 
i)hio. Brethren Church July 1. 
! David C. Kerner, a member of 
he Meadow Crest Brethren 
phurch, Fort Wayne, Ind., re- 
jeived the master of divinity de- 
ijTee. David became associate pas- 
tor of the Goshen, Ind., First 
jirethren Church in July. 

Gregg A. Moser, a member of 
pe Winding Waters Brethren 
Church, Elkhart, Ind., received 
he master of divinity degree. He 
ecame pastor of the Derby, Kans., 
^rethren Church April 1. 
I Donald B. Peters, a member of 
he Waterbrook Brethren Church, 
llaurertown, Va., received a mas- 
er of divinity degree. 

Patricia Mae Pyne, a member 
f the Johnstown, Pa., Third 
irethren Church, received a mas- 

r of arts degree. 

David S. Stombaugh, a mem- 
ber of the Bryan, Ohio, First Breth- 
ren Church, received a master of 
arts degree with major in pastoral 
psychology and counseling. 

Valerie Thomas Stombaugh, 
a member of the Bryan, Ohio, 
First Brethren Church, received a 
master of arts degree with major 
in pastoral psychology and coun- 
seling (with honors). David and 
Valerie are seeking positions in a 
Christian counseling center. 

Scott E. Turskey, a member of 
the Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church, received a master of di- 
vinity degree with major in pas- 
toral psychology and counseling. 

Dennis J. Wilson, a member of 
the Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church, received the master of di- 
vinity degree. He became pastor of 
the Hillcrest Brethren Church, 
Dayton, Ohio, in June. 

ULY 1983 

Dillards welcome 
baby daughter; 
suffer hepatitis 

Medellin, Colombia — Rev. and 
Mrs. Robert Dillard, Brethren mis- 
sionaries to Colombia, welcomed a 
baby daughter into their home on 
June 8, 1983. Annie Jean weighed 
in at 7 lb, 14 oz. She was also wel- 
comed by a sixteen-month-old 
brother, Lucas. 

In addition to this good news 
from the Dillards comes word that 
both Bob and Juanita have been 
suffering with hepatitis. Bob was 
quite ill and lost a lot of weight. 
Juanita's case was milder, but was 
complicated by the birth of Annie 

Brethren are urged to remember 
the Dillards with special prayer 
during this difficult time. 



Counting the Cost is tiieme 
of Indiana District Conference 

Shipshewana, Ind. — "Counting 
the Cost," from Luke 14:25-33, 
was the theme of the 96th Breth- 
ren Conference of Indiana held 
June 9-11. This theme, historically 
important to the Brethren, was 
chosen in recognition of the 100th 
anniversary of The Brethren 
Church and the 275th anniversary 
of the Brethren movement. 

General Conference Moderator 
Donald Rinehart was the keynote 
speaker. He based his Thursday 
afternoon message on all of Luke 
14, drawing a contrast between 
those in the chapter who merely 
watched Jesus and those who 
would follow Him. There is a dif- 
ference between merely watching 
Jesus and being His follower, 
Rinehart declared. If we are going 
to follow Jesus, we must count the 

Rev. Kerry Scott gave a mul- 
timedia presentation of Brethren 
history on Thursday evening. 
Using photographs, drawings, il- 
lustrations, maps, and lists pro- 
jected on three screens and accom- 
panied by a prerecorded narration, 
he traced the Brethren movement 
from its beginnings in Europe, 
through its development in the 
United States, and to the estab- 
lishment of The Brethren Church 
in 1883. 

Following Rev. Scott's presen- 
tation, the District Board of 
Christian Education recognized 
Mr. Owen Horn as the Senior 
Disciple for 1983 in the Indiana 
District. Mr. Horn, 70, is a mem- 
ber of the Warsaw First Brethren 
Church, where, according to Pas- 
tor Ken Hunn, he is a "pillar of 
the congregation." He has held 
nearly every office in the church, 
was active with the young people, 
taught Sunday school, and led the 
Boys' Brotherhood. Mr. Horn was 
presented a plaque in recognition 
of this honor. 

Reports by the Indiana District 
boards and organizations were 
first on the agenda Friday mom- 


ing. The annual statistician's re- 
port showed that the district ex- 
perienced a net loss of members in 
1982. During the year 293 mem- 
bers were gained and 521 lost, re- 
sulting in a net loss of 228 mem- 
bers and bringing the total mem- 
bership down to 5,459. Seventeen 
churches had a net gain in mem- 
bership, eighteen a net loss, and 
four stayed the same. Average 
Sunday school and worship attend- 
ance during 1982 were 3,055 and 
4,071 respectively. 

Following the district reports, 
Dr. Charles Munson presented an 
inspirational message. In keeping 
with the historical emphasis, he 
focused his message on an early 
theme of the Progressive Breth- 
ren — "Go on and seek to know the 
Lord, and practice what you 
know." Using I John 4:7-21 as his 
text. Dr. Munson stated that to 
know the Lord is to know Him as 
love. And to practice what you 
know is to practice the kind of love 
God shows, as demonstrated in 

The remainder of the morning 
was set aside for denominational 
reports. A slide and tape presenta- 
tion of the work of the vau"ious de- 
nominational boards and minis- 
tries was shared. 

Auxiliary sessions and work- 

Rev. Jim Ray (left) presents a plaque 
to Owen Horn recognizing him as the In- 
diana District's Senior Disciple for 1983. 

shops were scheduled for Friday) 
afternoon. The Friday evening! 
program began with an "Indiana 
Missions Emphasis," during which 
representatives of the mission 
churches at Carmel and Fort 
Wayne (Meadow Crest) gave brief 
reports on the progress of these 
congregations. An ingathering; 
was also received for the Carmel j 
church. A total of $1,362.41 was; 
given, which will be applied to-| 
ward the Carmel mortgage. | 

A historical drama entitled "A 
Dreamer's Disoy" was next on the 
program. This drama, written bj| 
Rev. Mark Baker, dealt with thfj 
period in 1731 when Conrad Beisj 
sel and the Ephrata movemenli 
were causing much turmoil for th(! 
Brethren in Pennsylvania. Alex! 
ander Mack, close to dispair, wonj 
ders if all his efforts have beerj 
worthless. In a dream, however, h(ij 
is reminded that all is not lostj 
While turmoil is not God's will 
suffering through it is. It is a par 
of paying the price by those whd 
have counted the cost. 

The evening program conclude 

with the district moderator's ad 

dress by Rev. Alvin Shifflett. Re\ 

Shifflett's message was a chal 

lenge to the Brethren to continu 

in a progressive spirit. "The prcj 

gressive way is to push for chang 

in a constructive way," he saic 

In this vain he made three rec 

ommendations and three suggef 

tions for progressive, constru( 

tive actions with regard to As! 

land College, taxation of clerg] 

ordination, the nuclear problen 

the Year of the Bible, and the Iri 

diana District's indebtedness. 

Concerning the last of these- 
district indebtedness — Moderate 
Shifflett announced that he ha 
given $100 to the district missic 
board as seed money. He aske 
the board to distribute to all wl 
wished to receive it a dollar bi 
with the challenge that th( 
multiply it a hundredfold I 
Thanksgiving. This money 

The Brethren Evangelki 


then to be returned to the district 
mission board to be applied to the 
Carniel mortgage. 

The Saturday sessions of the 
conference were held at Camp 
jAlexander Mack, a Church of the 
{Brethren camp located near Mil- 
jford. The significance of this site 
for the concluding sessions of con- 
ference was twofold. First, murals 
,in the main auditorium depict the 
history of the Brethren movement; 
land second, the camp is located 
pear Arnold's Grove, where the 
(1882 Annual Meeting was held, at 
ivhich Henry Holsinger and his 

Scene from "A 
Dreamer's Diary." 
""^^^ Actors are (I. to r.) 
V^^^^^B Marlin McCann 
^Vm^^V (Peter Becker), 
■WW Mark Baker 

(Alexander Mack), 
;'i I Jan Nevins (Mrs. 
■ Becker), and 
Archie Nevins 
. Sauer). 

sympathizers were expelled, and 
also near Schoolhouse 7, where the 
Progressive Brethren met after 
their expulsion. 

During the morning at Camp 
Mack, district business was con- 
ducted, with 40 elders and 171 lay 
persons registered as delegates. In 
the election of officers, Fred Horn 
was chosen moderator-elect, Mark 
Baker secretary-treasurer, Spencer 
Gentle assistant secretary-treas- 
urer, and Gene Geaslen statisti- 
cian. Dr. James Hollinger, this 
year's moderator-elect, became the 
new moderator. 

A recommendation that the dis- 
trict conference apportionment of 
$1.15 per year per member be con- 
tinued for a three-year period was 
adopted. And a request from the 
district mission board that the 
missions apportionment be $10 per 
member per year was granted. 

In other action, the conference 
authorized its executive committee 
to purchase a new public address 
system for the tabernacle at the 
Shipshewana Retreat center and 
also to place historical markers at 
Arnold's Grove and Schoolhouse 

Following lunch in the Peter 
Becker dining hall, the Brethren 
gathered in the auditorium again 
to hear Dr. Charles Munson as 
Elder Henry Holsinger. In this 
presentation, Elder Holsinger 
gave some background on his own 
life and also explained his perspec- 
tive on the various events that re- 
sulted in his expulsion from the 
Grerman Baptist Church. 

The conference concluded with 
the installation of new officers, fol- 
lowed by an explanation of the his- 
torical murals by a member of the 
Camp Mack staff. 

Now Available 

A Discussion/ 

Study Guide 



The Life of Alexander Mack 

The Indiana District Board of Christian Education has produced a Discussion/Study Guide 
for this popular book on the life of Alexander Mack — in time for the 275th anniversary of the 
founding of The Brethren Church this year. 

Counting the Cost is a lively look at the man and the movement that became The Brethren 
Church. Donald Durnbaugh says "a study of his [Mack's] life is not only worthwhile, but it is 
also essential for understanding the Brethren." This book comes highly recommended for help- 
ing Brethren undertake that study. 

The Discussion/Study Guide opens the reader's mind to further understanding of Count- 
ing the Cost. It includes a brief overview of each chapter along with a series of questions for 
group discussion or individual reflection. 

Special offer through August: 

Buy six or more copies of Counting 

the Cost at the regular price of 

$6.95 each and receive an equal 

number of Discussion/Study Guides 

FREE (normally $1.95 each) 

Counting the Cost and the 
Discussion/Study Guide may 

be purchased from: 

The Brethren Publishing Co. 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

fULY 1983 



Pennsylvania District men and boys 
enjoy retreat at Camp Peniel 

Johnstown, Pa. — Approximately 50 males of 
various ages converged on Camp Peniel May 13 
and 14 for the Pennsylvania District's annual 
men and boys' retreat. 

The retreat got underway with supper on Fri- 
day evening. Meals were prepared by four men 
from the Vinco Brethren Church, headed by Bill 

The Friday evening program included two 
films shown by a representative of the Pennsyl- 
vania Fish and Game Commission and a Bible 
quiz conducted by Richard Howard. Group sing- 
ing and devotions rounded out the program. The 
evening activities concluded with snack time 
and cabin prayers. 

Saturday morning saw a variety of outdoor 
activities, particularly fishing in the camp's 
well-stocked trout pond. A number of fellows 

Participants in the men and boys' retreat. j 

took home the makings of a good fish fry, with John! 
Cobaugh and Brock Kull catching the two largest trout. 

Rev. Duane Dickson brought a short devotional at noon on, 
Saturday. The retreat concluded following the midday meal.i 

— reported by Floyd Benshofll 


Tamara Kay Cochran to Bret Cohnen Mathews, 

June 25, at Fort Dodge, Iowa. Members of the Water- 
loo First Brethren Church. 

Angie Ulery to Troy Caldwell, June 19, at the Loree 
Brethren Church; Claude Stogsdill, pastor, officiating. 
Members of the Loree Brethren Church. 
Elizabeth Anna Bolen to Timothy Glen Snyder, 

June 11, at Mifflin, Ohio. Groom a member of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. 

Wendy Knee to Dana Biggs, June 4, at the College 
Corner Brethren Church; St. Clair BenshofF, bride's 
pastor, and Rev. David Wheeler, groom's pastor, of- 
ficiating. Bride a member of the College Comer Breth- 
ren Church. 

Coirina Starkey to Michael Wilson, June 4, at the 
Loree Brethren Church; Claude Stogsdill, pastor, of- 
ficiating. Bride a member of the Loree Brethren 

Connie Whitacre to Carl Shinn, June 4, at Union- 
town, Kentucky. Groom a member of the Loree Breth- 
ren Church. 

Joyce A. Ronk to Philip R. Michael, May 29, at 

Ronk Memorial Chapel, Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary; Arden Gilmer, pastor of the Ashland Park 
Street Brethren Church, officiating. Bride a member 
of Park Street Brethren Church; groom a member of 
the Lanark First Brethren Church. 

Janice Boyd to David Shultz, May 28, at Berea 
Ohio; Joseph R. Shultz, father of the groom, officiat- 
ing. Groom a member of the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church. 

Julie Montel to Larry Sommers, May 28, at the 
Loree Brethren Church; Claude Stogsdill, pastor, of- 


ficiating. Bride a member of the Loree Brethrenl 
Church. I 

Millie Gorby to Steve Rich, May 21, at the Cameronj 
First Brethren Church; Michael Smith, pastor, ofi 
ficiating. Bride a member of the Cameron First Breth-. 
ren Church. i 

In Memory 

Walter E. Lichtenberger, 86, May 31. Member of the{ 
Elkhart First Brethren Church for 57 years and £j 
Sunday school teacher for 50 years. He was selectee! 
Senior Disciple in 1982 and held many church offices! 
As a lay minister he pastored the Brighton Chapel 
and Matteson, Michigan, Brethren Churches. Services! 
by Daniel Gray, pastor. 

Russell MuUinex, 83, May 26. Member of the Water 
loo First Brethren Church. Services by Ronald Li 
Waters, pastor. | 

Kenneth M. Cook, 78, May 24. Member of the Water! 
loo First Brethren Church. Services by Ronald Lj 
Waters, pastor. [ 

Mrs. Gail Downey, 88, May 22. Member for 61V 

years and deaconess of the College Comer Brethrei 

Church. Services by St. Clair Benshoff, pastor, an( 

Rev. Arthur Tinkel. 

Laura E. Rodkey, 97, May 20. Member for 72 year 

of the Burlington Brethren Church. Services b 

Kenneth Goss, pastor. 

Lottie Johns, 98, May 13. Member of the Waterloi 

First Brethren Church. Services by Ronald L. Waten! 


Membership Growth 

Cameron: 1 by transfer 
Waterloo: 3 by baptism 

The Brethren Evangelis! 


The Carpenter's Shop 

would like to offer you 

The Carpenter's Shop 

A full line Christian bookstore 




on the 

New International Version 
Thompson Chain-Reference Bible 

in October 



Heirdcover Edition (Burgundy) 24.95 

Indexed edition 29.95 

Bonded Leather 41.95 

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Indexed Edition 46.95 

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**Sute Vm 
going to the 
Centennial Heritage 
Auction and Craft Sale! 
ArenH you?** 

Only a month remains until the Centennial Heritage Auc- 
tion and Craft Sale is held as part of the 1983 General Confer- 
ence celebration! We hope you won't miss out on the fun and 
inspiration of Conference . . . and the opportunity to help 
Brethren Church ministries through the purchase of items at 
the Auction and Craft Sale. 

At right is a listing of some of the items already committed 
to the auction. The owner of Ashland's largest auction firm 
has donated his services for the day — and Saturdays in 
August are prime-time for auctioneers. Advertisements are 
being prepared for auction papers covering a three-state area. 
We expect a large group of bidders from the public in addition 
to our own Brethren people. 

And, again, all proceeds benefit Brethren Church minis- 

Here's how you can still have a part: 

1) Plan to attend the auction — even if you cannot be present 
for all of Conference week. 

2) Make your final decision now on what you will donate to 
the auction or craft sale and tell your local go-getter. 
(Large items are still needed for the auction. Several 
people have sacrificially donated valuable and cherished 
pieces. Won't you do likewise?) 

3) If you cannot donate items for sale, why not send a cash 
donation to The Brethren Church earmarked "Auction" to 
help with administrative and promotional expenses. (Cash 
donations of $25.00 or more will be honored on auction 

See your local go-getter for more details or to make your 
donation. Or contact: 

Auction/Craft Sale Committee 

Judi Gentle, Coordinator 
524 College Avenue 
Ashland. Ohio 44805 
Phone 419-289-1708 



AUGUST 13, 1983 


1 1 :00 A.M. 

Ashland College 
Convocation Center 

All proceeds to benefit 
Brethren Church ministries 

Selected Items: 1870 Victorian 
fainting couch in velvet with wal- 
nut finger carving; 1840's child's 
cradle with original dry red but- 
termilk paint; treadle sewing 
machine; pressed back chairs (4); 
hand-made solid wood chest; 2- 
drawer wooden file; wooden secre- 
tary's chair with leather back; old 
compartmented stand; several full- 
size and 3/4-size type cases (one full 
cabinet); pressed glass vases; large 
pressed glass basket; silver caster 
set; fancy compote; white porcelain 
serving dish; Hills Brothers coffee 
mug; 1908-dated green commemo- 
rative tea cup; ceramic clock; cast- 
iron patty maker; soapstone; 1 gal- 
lon stone jug with bail; 2 gallon 
stone jug with cork; hand-made 
wooden pull toy — hay wagon with 
team of horses; many quilts and 
quilt tops; back issues of Brethren 
Life and Thought; miscellaneous 
handcrafts, afghans, and comforts. 
Sale conducted by 


Byron Dilgard CAI 


Phone 325-2122 

(The Professionals) 

135 Union St. 

Ashland, Ohio 















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CO ! 





















t— ' 














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The Progressive Chinstian 


[.EAVixo Tin: 



f FI'JIl'ii 

Funderburg Imrary 
' ■' North |(lflnc,he3ter, J N. 469,62,.. 

• I . . .. i .. , 1, ,,.,1 ...,, -I *. , 1 i,,- L.u'iiti -■ 

nui in Adva ic :i 



Ohio. ''^''^'■" 

j, A oorr.niifvce ol live. l>r 

■„,, U,r.AV MouxiN-t- 

H K. ilissou, cliiv.nao" o 

ho apvoinl"! *''"'=""'''" 
„^ „s a commitw-fi 

relired ut once 


„j,„,,,o conduct the. a«-«<>m. 

a.ked II CLri.l ever cxHie.l wsv one. Uie Bilm! 
,ays,''l>,-t huu 1)0 «i>!.> you a heathen a..<l » puV-U- 
!..»r..- let Uir« make l.imfelt .i freeman _ <.ra 
slave, but it never says "niuke him a tiave Ue 
«.es out and eseludcs himselt by bis owu. actuMi, 
butweewnievergtstHnytiiingto >it<ikc a mau a 
brother. Hxp'.ilfioiis are iiiiscriptnral. 
--■,l,ur,i- ^^u- another woriUliat he called nt- 
rce uiHier, anJ i» « . , 

F ■n.-.w mc" an.l imitate «»'"! 


A.. I, rt«rllt.t;. !.-■ Mil-, »''>■ 

j>. '^wihait.aii<l.'"liti ZiK'k. Uoiiulu i 

o' "liiie ami 1. W. IJwr. F»ir>rii-w, <>■ _ 

Aciiotiriit'<J lor iliuncrto mees at ^■■'>" V- ' 


fpon resuniiug business, ib.e moderator 
opon the represtntativoci 




1 a i xiiiiJ 

! . I' l. l i. l S ,'i i m|H ' l ri, »i ni" to till 



IHU i 

VV„i„:.ia ibal :n reiiirion the gu*Kl ..H'hrist 

land the jospe! aioile, is a .<viffie,ii;rit rnie of fuilh 

failed ! ^,,,1 j,|.,i,;tj,;e ; tliat he who attVis to the Uos])ei, 

who had not yet report- (takes Imm it. or, in any way, biiitisypon men any 

ed. to do 80 at once. Unrin 
J ^,.. I these reports the question - 

dient to 


wul! r. 

'V'-"' ; , .. ,,t .iesius' name 
'^"''^'"''""dltterrte^ remarks 

.J. V. Iletrie and ] bules, spirit 

joiuir hymn, an 
h'r> ' 13ro^!'' Thetwenty-seventh | vealed wUl. 
■,lder J.J. 1^^"" 6ectarianl^m 

nl,;ij read. , , 

,:;„.e on non,inationB^ reported 


;di„E Clerk. ii.n.Bashor, 
.tia^Clerk, H.F.Uixsoti, 
. .■ , .. \ J. interline. 

Brethren Church 
Centennial Issue < 

Then in eoneiusion he referred bru-flv 
formity. He '.said edneation .won 
tbrmity in spirit but not indress. 

The I'oliowing motions 
carried : 

That all speeches he \ 
I except tliey pertain to th' 

That all speeches be - - 

W Beer tlrenbr^efW stated the object j That no one be a-' > 
W. beer uie ^^^^^^ ,g ^^^^ .^^^^ subject. 

,u„K. "-^ ""'^ '^'^ ''7;; ,„,ny years j fpon motion let.' 
,er what not to Ba^ ^. ^^_^^.;^,^„ ;„ jia.^,,,,^ ,„„,hes a.,.l 
r^:o"r "-™"« church poUty. to theeon«nt,o 

'■ .timent are known by the I Yellow Creek, Pa. ; 

"'"f , dd";"" conservative and I'ro- , o. ; Botetout Sprir 
"ti! Id olr -ceded some time ago,1,„, front this cburcl 

' ^ ,, [•rugressive, so tar, arc 1 1^^^-^ ,J. A. Murray 

'""Tbudv although there is a great j Schuylkill, Fa. ; Job 

'""' , V,.>„t» thet advocate. For j oakdale, .New Jen 


tbet^me nor place to discuss that. It, As there were a great 
trehas been a lack of Christian forbear- i ^^^j^ ;, ,,a, suggested, 
dttsted toward each other. It has grown |^,,^ „,„., ,„a „ddress oft 
.,, new assumed open opposition. These , .j,;^;, „-^, „eted 
,ave been aettiug worse and worse; those . „^,<. gj..^^ i„. 
, ,be pro-ressives have been entirely set j p^„ ^„„ ^i„i,, HcWnper, i-a 

Wve'nt^tbeen treated as they souW 

niuntil, at last Annual Meeting held « 


ut reconciliation were rejected. We con- 

tian cbaritv, and that the nghts and prn- 

riar-^e number of the brethren were tn- 

uLn^and their prayers and i^tttions d.s- 
1 Therefore because of the unjust and 
table .pirittuanitested there, this Conveu- 
called. that we may confer together up 
Lest course^to pursue in the tn 
ihe;wellare of the church, and the 

irht be best promoted. 

JMt any further remarks from him 

he primouuced the meeting JJ^n 

Lhe Flymoiltb 40 memt-er? ijiul ill' 
of Indiana 

luiliou M Yt-llow I reek 2 
Iowa :m<l Rome ludinna 1 


,rW] mt •filKr*' 
1 cd ihat. 
(\)n\cntion as 
inj .u their 
lupa'hy with 


i„r -aid he came there to sear. 
„,,,, rLi,--c with them. He referred 
Tii,' liiOk. the whole Bible and notb- 
I the Bible." and in some prelinunary re 
.v.d, he had tied from a land of man. dates 
i|me at the sacritice ol ail to a laud ot free 

i)r a little lalk of a general character in 
he reierred to the decisions ot late Annual 
,g, he gave us a detin-.tioo of "Church. in 
gimd there arc two words which arc trans- 
•hurch in the Enclish. One hteraily means 

,it the best 

I shou 

he was the 

,tie was born, 

I ehurch, and 

•0\ \ e church was 

I I e ol some of 

Tie lie was anxious 

id letuiii to her lirst love, 

■dly number who were in 

tor something like the 

i movement, they 
the following rest 

.1. A. Ridwiour, L. Miami 
,ord's house ;'■ the other is <fcfc.<ia, which jcUurehev, o. 

. trampled under 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ 1 the prejudices and 

Cost. BM^er creek. Md. "^^^^^^^^^^^K ^^P^ue iri the domain of thought: 

J- S.Miller, VlulOTebur■.■h,^Va^h^•l:^^^^^^|U ,-,7^111 and discretion are 

,.;;;ir,;;;:Sor^^:'cr:^ '^^^^^^^O. bc«;mes the imperative duty of the^opp^ssea ami 

Beaver -Creek and L- Twimi 

leople called together by the 


J W-Fif/jrerald. Bear Creek, O. 

Jrt and L>r, S. E. Furry, ^^ fK-dburry V> 
iKcy, Meyersdnle, I 
.jiIwrandH.!^. Ilulsii 

,'OUid ^^^ 

that ruie. lie then told us tlTTiiUefe 
commands and commandments. A com- 
ii| means:-thc-u .bait.- and allows 06 to do or 
.cLt mandate couipeis and says "you must," 
lis the child ot Catholic bigotry. It is the 
gilt of expulsion. Mandatorj^ takes away 
H.- ._,.f ,-.„.. «,,..y ;u u free Hi'eal. It 

It-y cbur<- 
J. It. M<»er. c;c.:.rge 
l»a«c l*e<ly and -^ 

Marian, lad 


misused to declare against such misrule and tvr 
anuv and in favor ot stood government and the 
exercise of individual and rebguius riglit-s, 
I the abolishment of ail traditionary and unlaw.ol 
; measures, and a tV.ll return to the original spint, 
■ot. and application of the established law. 
in this iustauce is the Gospel. When cou- 
etibrts have failed to correct abuses, inaug- 
ffeneral retoriiiatory measures, and alfsjs- 
ed efforts coupled witli warnings, pleadings 
pravers have been repulsed, and etui more 
cal ind unlawiol systems adopted tor the op- 
jsion of the people and the protection of ille- 
i-ate enactments and cruel rulers, it then be- 
,mCB their unavoidable oblieation to the law of 
i God and the rights and welfare of man, U. throw 

thiuL' diftereiit fjom the tjospel. is au iiitidel to 
the iinthoi- of Cliiistiunity and a usurper ot gospel 

! r.jcogni/.es the liberty of men 

.) esta;di.-h expedlem.ics, instru- 

nities by wlibrh the oducatitm and 

ion of lijo race may be successtul- 

'1 in difiercTit generations and under 

•cumstaticcs; but prohibits tlio cleva- 

•^(.- iiistrnmenls or (-.xpedieoeies to an , 

I- of authority, with positive divine cn- 

peniilty iitiache.i to the trunagrcss; 

to be'social ostracism or severance 


• conditboi of approved meniher- 
,-oip lu me liin'gdom ot (.'hrist, is obedience to the 
[.recejits of tbegospel upon the basisol a good moral 
> horucter. 

That no man sliould be cimuernued, or hie lib- 
erties destroyed tor any cause whatever vvichoiit 
a fair and impartial trial upon the charges cr 
complaints brouirht against him. 

That upon all .pieotions of church governmeiil, 
the doctrines and eomniandmeiits of men are 
:u.raii/.li!g to the life and interests 01 the church. 
That in liijotrine the church of Chri«t should uni- 
veivally harmonise, hut on (jin-!:--!!- -i govern- 
eriiment and customs may be ciM,i:i.-c'.ii-i"t!ul. 

That every possible moans tor the conversion of 
souls shoiihi be put forth at all times and under 
every oirciimstauce. 

The history ot the German Baptist church lead- 
ers and Conlerence, for years past, has been a bis- 
torv of continued departures from the iiriniitive sim- 
plicity ot the Christian luith in almost every essen- 
tia! feature ot gospel liberty and church rule. 
That this may api^ear, let the lolkneing facjs be 
investigated and caretnlly considered. ' 

When committee men have been objected to for 
lawful reasons, by persons on trial, the objections 
\ have been thrown aside i>y the committee, and the 
; Hssociate oideoted to ahou'ed to serve, and such 
' action subsequently raiitied by conference'. 

They have denied the administration of the or- 
dinance ot Chrt>tian baptism to penitent believes 
for reasons foreign to the tcnidjings of the g08pel,_ 
and in oppoisitioti to the express declarations of 
ChrLst, -In disobedience to the teachings of the 
gospel tliey have made, "outward adornment and 
the wearing of apparel" a condition ol full church 
I relation. 

' Women of the best standing in society and no- 
ble Christian character, have been ruthlessly 
expelled from the church for wearing a style of 
head dress, other than tlie bonnet and cap jire- 
scribed by church legislation. 

Ministers and others have been refused u hear- 

. ^ ,jjg ling in annual, district, and local church coufer- 

' eiues, and, in many instances, entiiely ignored 

and forbidden communion privileges for wearing 

a different cut ot clothing and hair tlum that pre- 

scrilied by conference and church usage. 

The. shape of particular garments, such as the 
head dress and coat, have in various instances 
been legislated upon hy Annual Conference and 
made conditions of church relation by supporters 
ot conference rule. 

Brethren of good standing in their home coii- 
,'regations have, hy private caucussiog of jsal- 
'^ eiders and ministers, without the knowledge 
iiicnt ol the laity, been e.iic)ud"d from corn- 
privileges, and these tyrannical and un- 
II acta passed without notice or rebuke hy 

Ministers and paper8"loyar' to Annual .Meeting 
i liuve slandered, abused and mis.-epresented breth- 
ren oi progressive views, so far as to attack char- 
acter and defame reputation, when no possible op- 
portunity ot redress could be had, and these ac- 
tions pjassed unrehuketi by conference. 

Pro)rressiv-e brethren have petitioned lor ami- 
eable adjustment ot ail dilKculties, privately, pub- 
licly ami through conference, but these petitions 
have gone unheeded or were answered by Buspeu- 
siou and expulsion. 

practices have been admitted by members of 
conference in their borne congregations, tor which 
in other congregations they have expelled meui- 
hurs 01 good\-haractcr Ironl the church. 

Ministers ot good moral character have been 
suspended from the ministry or cxcludiKl from the 
church, without so much as a trial, against llie 
almost unanimous vote, or without theknowdedge 
of their home congregations, without gospel author- 
itv, for no other reason than pleading for union, 
opposing official corruption, and defending the 
I perfection of the gospel as a rule of faith and 

I Tfie rights ol individual eungregationa have 
i been trampled upon, their peace destroyed, and 
' their final prosperity blighted by immoderate and 
' unreaEonahle decisions ot committees sent by con- 

Th;s;aatter brethren re.resentabraticbknown,^^J^;^.:^-<;^r'roS:r'^^^ 
as the "Leedyites.- They stated tliey were m sym- 1 ^^^^^, ^ ^t, liberty and truth, and _^'=.<=l'',^t,i^'; 'i t!l"?, il^^fth^^^^ a trial. 


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ember. Evangelical Press Association 


Henry R. Holsinger, the central fig- 
ure in file founding of Ttie Brethren 
'}i)urcf), surrounded by his paper The 
I'rogressive Christian, which also 
flayed an important role in the estab- 
shment of our church. The issue 
\hown reports on the 1882 Ashland 
^'Onvention of the Brethren. No copy 
'f the issue reporting on the 1883 
^ayton Convention is known to exist. 

August 1983 

Vol. 105, No. 8 

August 1983 

4 Henry Ritz Holsinger: A Brethren Reformer 

No man figured more prominently in the establishment of The 
Brethren Church than Henry R. Holsinger. But Charles R. Mun- 
son maintains that Holsinger wanted reform, not separation. 

7 Others Who Led 

Richard C. Winfield provides brief introductions to other men who 
played important roles in the founding of The Brethren Church. 

8 The Founding of The Brethren Church 

A Drama in Five Scenes 

A review of the events that led to the establishment of The Breth- 
ren Church, written by Richard C. Winfield and illustrated with re- 
productions of documents and photographs of that period of 
Brethren history. 

14 The Brethren Church: 1883-1983 

A centennial survey of the history of the Brethren denomination 
by Dale R. Stoffer. 

19 Is The Brethren Church Still Progressive? 

Richard E. Allison helps us evaluate The Brethren Church today 
in terms of the Progressive principles on which it was founded. 

21 Our Centennial Churches 

' Jean M. Troup gives a brief historical sketch of the seventeen 
Brethren churches founded during or before 1883 that are still in 
existence today. 

The Brethren Church Centennial Issue 

The Brethren Evangelist and its parent papers, The Progressive Chris- 
tian and The Gospel Preacher, have played an important role in the life 
and history of The Brethren Church. Therefore, it is only proper as the 
church celebrates its centennial year that the Evangelist join in that 
celebration with a special issue. I think you will find this Brethren Church 
Centennial Issue both interesting and informative. 

A number of people put forth extra effort to make this issue possible. 
In recognition of their contributions, I would like to express my thanks to: 

Charles R. Munson, Dale R. Stoffer, and Richard E. Allison, for 
their feature articles. 

Jean M. Troup, who spent many hours in the Ashland Theological 
Seminary library doing background research for this issue and preparing 
the historical sketches on the centennial churches, and who provided 
many of the ideas for this issue. 

J. Howard Mack, Sr., who put in many hours including some of his 
own time to produce the special graphics for this Evangelist. 

Bradley E. Weidenhamer, Ashland Theological Seminary librarian, 
for giving us access to and use of materials from the Brethren Church 

Mrs. Connie Wolfson, director of the Ashland Public Library, for loan- 
ing us a microfilm of the 1881 and 1882 issues of The Ashland Times. 

Mardelle McFadden, our typesetter, for her patience and cooperative 
spirit in meeting the extra demands entailed in this issue. 

Richard C. Winfield, editor 





No man figured more prominently in the events that resulted in the 
establishment of The Brethren Church than Henry R. Holsinger. But 
in the following article, Charles R. Munson maintains that what Hol- 
singer wanted was reform, not separation and a new denomination. 

THE absolute last thing in the world that 
Henry Ritz Holsinger wanted was sep- 
aration from the church he loved. His theme 
was, "My church right or wrong: when right 
to be kept right, and when wrong to be made 
right." His zeal to make the church right 
led to the separation he honestly did not 

Henry Holsinger wanted reform, not sep- 
aration. Detesting ignorance among the 
clergy, he urged an educated ministry; oppos- 
ing mandatory decisions from Annual Meet- 
ing, he urged freedom from what he consid- 
ered stifling rules, counting these decisions 
additions to the gospel. 

To "keep pace with the times," Holsinger 
and others advocated Sunday schools, a paid 
ministry, protracted meetings, educational 
institutions, missions, a "gospel only" plat- 
form, a "free rostrum" for a church paper, and 
plainness in dress — not uniformity. Many of 
these so-called innovations were already in 

Dr. Munson is Dean and Professor of Practical 
Theology at Ashland Theological Seminary. 

practice. But the urgency that Holsingeij 
placed upon them put him in the forefront 0:1 
a controversy that was eventually to split th(j 
church. He became the forthright spokesmar! 
for what was to be called Progressivism. Th(' 
church papers for which he was primarily re 
sponsible. Christian Family Companion, amj 
The Progressive Christian, became his mean 
of promoting the advances he felt so neces 
sary. His policy of a free rostrum allowe( 
such criticism of the church that it was in 
evitable that such openness would have to h 

When a committee sent by Annual Meet 
ing to deal with him regarding his policy ii 
The Progressive Christian did not agree wit! 
conditions of the meeting at Berlin, Pa., thi 
committee departed with the issue unsettlecj 
Henry wanted an open meeting and a stenog, 
rapher to make a transcript of the meeting 
The committee wanted neither. The end re 
suit was that Henry Holsinger was disfello\n 
shipped at the next Annual Meeting. Thos 
who agreed with him and opposed the chure 
that disowned him formed The Brethre 

The Brethren Evangelis; 

Church. It wasn't long before all of the 
changes and reforms he had advocated came 
to pass in the church he had to leave. More 
patience on both sides might have averted 
the separation, but it happened. The year 
was 1883 — The Brethren Church was born. 

In his later years Henry admitted his im- 
patience, and he wondered that he had any 
friends at all, considering how sarcastic, un- 
amiable, and austere he considered himself 
to have been. He was impulsive, and he acted 
in ways that offended people. He believed 
that people ought to be able to argue without 
getting angry at one another. If a debate was 
carried out in love, then the truth would not 
suffer. He held that any issue ought to be 
able to stand the light of debate; the truth 
would not be harmed. 

To the credit of Henry Holsinger it must be 
said that in some 15 years as a pastor he did 
not have controversy. He recalled with pleas- 
are his pastoral years. It was only with the 
church hierarchy that he had his problems. 
Obviously he must have possessed some 
spirit of compromise to make it as a pastor. 
He served under officers in local churches, as 
he said, "without jarring congregations." But 
such was not the case with the leadership of 
the church at large. 

Berlin was his favorite place, probably be- 
cause it was that congregation which gave 
jhim his most loyal support during the trying 
jtime when the committee from Annual Meet- 
ling met him there. He once borrowed a horse 
jand buggy and made a sentimental journey 
bver the hills and valleys of the Berlin area. 
fi.e recalls how he hardly passed a house in 
jwhich he had not solemnized a marriage, 
Iconducted a funeral, visited the sick, or 
knointed someone. But he remembered his 

Biographical Notes on Henry Holsinger 

Henry R. Holsinger was born May 26, 1833, in 
l\/lorrison's Cove, Bedford County, Pa. His father, 
Daniel, and his grandfather, John, were both 
preachers in the German Baptist Church. His grand- 
mother on his father's side was Elizabeth Mack, 
daughter of William Mack, son of Alexander Mack, 
Jr. Thus Holsinger was a grandson of a great-grand- 
daughter of Alexander Mack, the founder of the 
Brethren movement. 

Henry was converted and received into the mem- 
bership of the Clover Creek, Pa., German Baptist 
Church in the spring of 1 855. He was elected to the 
ministry October 28, 1866, and advanced to the 
second degree a few months later. He was ordained 
to the eldership October 21, 1880. 

On June 1, 1864, he married Susannah Shoop. 
They had two daughters, Annie and Lottie. 

Henry died March 12, 1905, and was buried at 
Berlin, Pa. His wife passed away in AphI 1917. 

Susannah and Henry Holsinger 

pastoral times always with pleasure no mat- 
ter where he had served. 

As a preacher he desired to make his ser- 
mons practical. He was an orderly speaker, 
who used illustrations to make his points. He 
encouraged his fellow pastors to make their 
sermons plain, logical arguments based to- 
tally on the gospel. He also urged that ser- 
mons be offered in a spirit of love and not in 
an attitude of controversy. His own preach- 
ing was acceptable, for he was called upon 
regularly to preach, particularly at the col- 
lege chapel in Ashland. 

While Holsinger had no formal education 
beyond common school (though he was self- 
taught), he did urge that pastors should be 
educated. He lamented the fact that many 
preachers could not read or write — some 
could not read the Bible or even a line of a 
hymn! To Henry, this was deplorable. 

On the other hand, he didn't believe that 
every pastor should go to col- 
lege. The church should decide 
whether that should be the 
case. He did want preachers to 
preach intelligibly from the 
gospel, bringing sinners to re- 
pentance. But when he advo- 
cated that preachers should 
be paid — that a "workman is 
worthy of his hire" — he en- 
countered serious difficulty. 
This was part of the overall 

It is also interesting to note 
that Holsinger never opposed 
women preachers. In fact, it 
pleased him that he belonged 
to a church that assisted 

August 1983 

women in being preachers. No controversy 
ever surfaced over that position. 

For Holsinger, the reform of the church 
was paramount. While publishing was his 
"favorite profession," it was only the means 
to an end. He used this means to effect the 
reforms and advancement he saw as so 
necessary. The church had to "keep pace 
with the times" in order to meet the chal- 
lenges of the day. He wanted a forward 
movement in the right direction, a move- 
ment closer to the word of God. Hence the 
motto: "Go on and seek to know the Lord, 
and practice what you know." 

Henry wanted the church to be firmly 
based on the Bible and nothing more. The 
"Bible alone" principle was basic with him. If 
something was not stated in the Bible, then 
it was not valid for the church. He chal- 
lenged the "bundle of nearly 3000 decisions" 
— laws — which the church had made, which 
he argued were not based on the Bible at all. 
These were additions to the gospel. He 
wanted to move closer to the Bible and to 
keep in the forefront the need for persons to 
accept Christ for salvation. 

A true church acts on strictly gospel man- 
dates, and not on those made by man, he 
maintained. Where the Bible is plain, it is to 
be obeyed; where it is silent, the church is 
silent. Thus the church, for him, was not 
merely refusing to "keep pace with the 
times," it was going further than the gospel 
would allow. He argued that decisions un- 
supported by Scripture were not valid. The 
church argued that the church itself can 
speak where the gospel is silent. It was a col- 
lision course. 

Brothers and Sisters — I feel to thank you heartily 
for the honor that you have shown me in appointing 
me Chairman of this Convention. This June one year 
I had the deepest stigma or ignomy offered me that 
it is in the province of a professed Christian body, in 
this country of religious liberty, to tender to a fellow 
man. To-day I find myself honored by a position 
which I feel very nervous to attempt to fill, and it will 
only be by patience, by the assistance of your 
prayers, that I shall be able to acquit myself accepta- 
bly. Perhaps after I have overcome my first emotions 
I shall feel more at liberty to serve you; but I humbly 
beseech you first of all that you intercede the Father 
in my behalf. This is a very important meeting. 
Thousands of honest, sincere, fervent but troubled 
hearts all o'er our brotherhood are even at this hour 
agonizing Almighty God in behalf of this meeting. Let 
us, let us by our conduct, by our labors, endeavor to 
answer these prayers. 

— H.R. Holsinger, following his election as 
Chairman of the Dayton Convention, June 6, 1883. 

Perhaps no one 

else in The Brethren 

Church better 

understands the life 

and thought of H.R. 

Holsinger than Dr. 

Charles Munson, 

the author of this 

article. He has 

made an extensive 

study of the 

writings of Elder 

Holsinger and on 

this basis often 

portrays this 

Brethren leader, 

as in the picture 

at the right. 

Friends said of Henry that he was a man oil 
"great benevolence and devotion." He apparj 
ently was very generous and kind, totally i 
honest, with a "conscientious desire to do hi£! 
duty before God and man." He would do any-; 
thing for a friend at the sacrifice of self. Hej 
never regretted any sacrifice he made for, 
Jesus. His one desire was to please Goci 
rather than man. ! 

I thank God that I have many good friends in this 
world, if I have not much money. But it is beginning 
to be a mystery to me how I came to have them, and 
to hold them, unamiable, outspoken, sarcastic and 
austere, as I feel myself to have been. I receive it as 
a blessing from God, in accordance with Mark 10:29, 
30, for which I try to be thankful both to the giver and 
the gifts. 

— H.R. Holsinger, writing in the t^ay 8, 1895, 

But not everyone saw his forthrightness a 
pleasing God. Rather it was agitation. Ever 
so, Holsinger believed that agitation was £ 
"natural purifier" and should not be avoided 
It was not possible for such a person, so an- 
tagonistic to entrenched power, to remain ai 
peace with the body. 

It was once recommended that a monu- 
ment be erected to Holsinger somewherti 
near Ashland. It was to be an "Old Folks 
Home." That never came to pass. But 
perhaps a monument does exist to Henrj 
Ritz Holsinger — The Brethren Church' 
Everything he once advanced has come tci 
pass. But perhaps one has not been fully de 
veloped. When the church was formed ir 
1883, one of the declared principles was 
"That every possible means for the conver 
sion of souls should be put forth at all times 
and under every circumstance." In theory th( 
principle still stands; in practice ... [t 

The Brethren Evangelism 



by Richard Winfield 

Early Brethren leaders: Front row (from left), P. J. Brown and S.H. Bashor. 
Back row, J.H. Swihart. H.R. Holsinger, E. Mason, and E.L. Yoder. 

THOUGH Henry Holsinger was the most prom- 
inent figure in the events that led to the es- 
tablishment of The Brethren Church, he was not 
the only important leader among the Progressives 
in the 1880's. The following paragraphs give brief 
introductions to other men who played important 
roles in the founding of The Brethren Church. 

Stephen H. Bashor, 1852-1922. After Holsinger, 
Bashor probably did more to bring about the divi- 
sion of the church than any other Progressive. He 
joined Holsinger as co-editor of The Progressive 
\Christian in October 1881, and together they 
'wrote "Progressive Unity — Our Principles De- 
1 fined." After the division, Bashor was one of the 
;most active and influential men in the organiza- 
tion of The Brethren Church, serving as "reading 
clerk" of the 1882 Ashland Convention and on 
'Several committees at the 1883 Dayton Conven- 
jtion. He was also a very successful evangelist (see 
["Stephen H. Bashor: Preacher for Souls," May 
1983 Evangelist, pp. 4-6). 

Joseph W. Beer, 1838-1906. Born in Armstrong 
County, Pa., J.W. Beer served as Holsinger's as- 
sistant editor of the Chris- 
tian Family Companion 
and as Holsinger's partner 
in founding The Progres- 
sive Christian. According 
to Holsinger, he was a 
logical and forceful speak- 
er, fearless of competitors. 
He had a deep interest in 
The Brethren Church and 
was elected chairman of 
the 1882, Ashland Con- 
vention. He was also 
Joseph W. Beer appointed to several 

committees at the 1882 and 1883 Conventions. 

Philip J. Brown, 1827-1909. When Holsinger and 
other Progressives were expelled by the 1882 An- 
nual Meeting, they met several times in a 

schoolhouse near by to determine their course of 
action. P.J. Brown chaired those meetings. Bom 
in Somerset County, Pa., Brown was the only 
charter member of The Brethren Church to serve 
on Standing Committee of Annual Meeting before 
the division. He also was in charge of the ordina- 
tion of H.R. Holsinger to the eldership. Brown de- 
livered stirring messages at both the 1882 and 
1883 Conventions, and at the latter Convention 
served on the Committee on Church Government. 

Edward Mason, 1845-?. Edward Mason was a 
prolific writer during the period of the founding of 
The Brethren Church. From 1880 to 1882 he 
served as associate editor of The Gospel Preacher, 
a paper that merged with The Progressive Chris- 
tian in June 1882. After the merger, he continued 
as associate editor of the Progressive until 1883. 
He was chosen "clerk" (secretary) of the Da5^on 
Convention. Mason was born in Wales and came 
to the U.S. in 1870. 

Jonathan H. Swihart, 1840-1923. According to 
Brethren historian Martin Shively, J.H. Swihart 
led 3,500 people to Christ and organized 32 con- 
gregations. He was part of a group known as the 
Congregational Brethren and was appointed by 
this group to a committee that recommended the 
union of Progressives and Congregational Breth- 
ren at the 1883 Dayton Convention. At this Con- 
vention he was appointed to the Committee for 
Reconstruction and Organization. Swihart was 
born in Hancock County, Ohio. 

Eli L Yoder, 1842-1913. Born in Mifflin County, 
Pa., E.L. Yoder later moved to Ohio, where he as- 
sisted in locating and establishing Ashland Col- 
lege, serving as a trustee of the college from its 
beginning. At the Ashland Convention, he was 
appointed to the Committee for Reconstruction, 
which was to organize or reconstruct churches. He 
took an active part in the proceedings at the Day- 
ton Convention, at which he was appointed to the 
Committee on Education and College. [tl 

August 1983 

The Founding of The Brethren Church 

A Drama in Five Scenes 

A review of the events that led to the establishment of The Brethren Church, 
written by Editor Richard C. Winfield and illustrated with reproductions of 
documents and photographs of that period of Brethren history. 

THE founding of The Brethren Church in 1883 
was the result of a series of events that began 
two years earlier and which focused on Henry R. 
Holsinger and his paper, The Progressive Christian. 
The first of these events was the Annual Meeting of 
the German Baptist Brethren Church in 1881. But 
before we look at that meeting, a little background is 

Holsinger, along with Joseph W. Beer, began pub- 
lishing The Progressive Christian in the fall of 1878. 
They started the paper "with the avowed purpose of 
advocating progressive measures and reforms in the 
German Baptist Brethren Church." The paper was 
published as an "open fonrni," which permitted con- 
tributors to express their opinions on a wide range of 
controversial subjects. 

While many Brethren welcomed the paper, others 
were appalled at its views and its open criticism of 
the church. The Annual Meeting of 1879 denounced 
the publication as slanderous and schismatic and re- 
quired Holsinger to "make an humble acknowledg- 
ment to the annual meeting for publishing erroneous 
statements in regard to the church's principles . . . 
stigmatizing some of its members . . . ridiculing 
some of the practices in the church, and publishing 
inflammatory articles, some even from expelled 

Following this Annual Meeting, Holsinger left the 
Progressive for a time, but returned to the helm of 
the paper by the middle of 1880. His style was as 
"progressive" as ever, as he continued to print arti- 
cles that had "a tendency to bring about discord 
among the Brethren." Among these were articles 
that criticized the church's opposition to Sunday 
school conventions, higher education, an educated 
and paid ministry, protracted evangelistic meetings, 
and the church's insistence on uniform dress and a 
particular style of prayer covering for women. Other 
essays took issue with some of the decisions of 
Annual Meeting and the fact that these decisions 
were considered to be as binding as the gospel. 

Scene One: Annual Meeting of 1881 

The matter came to a head at the Annual Meeting 
of 1881, held at Ashland College June 7-10. At that 
meeting at least four districts of the church pre- 


sented grievances against The Progressive Christian 
or its editor. As a result, a committee was appointed]] 
to go to Holsinger's home church in Berlin, Pa., hold 
a hearing, "and deal with him according to his trans-j 

Scene Two: The Berlin Hearing 

The committee began its heeiring at Berlin on Au- 
gust 9, 1881, but the proceedings never got beyond a 
discussion of the ground rules. The following reporl 
of the committee pretty well sums up what toot 
place in the nearly two days of wrangling over these 

We, the undersigned Committee, appointed by 
Annual Meeting to go to the Berlin church, Somerset 
county, Pa., "to wait on Elder H.R. Holsinger, and deal 
with him according to his transgressions," do report as 

Met with the Berlin church on Tuesday, August 9th, 
1881, and were unanimously accepted by the church, 
H.R. Holsinger included. And upon the question to H.R. 
Holsinger, whether he would concede to, and accept of 
the general usages of the church in conducting this in- 
vestigation? H.R. Holsinger declined, whereupon a 
lengthy discussion followed upon the following depar- 
tures from the general usages of the church: 

1st. H.R. Holsinger employed a stenographer to take 
down and publish the proceedings of the Council. 

2nd. The Council to be held in the presence of per- 
sons not members of the church, which discussion 
closed by the Berlin church saying that they had 

(continued on page 10) 

m m f »i 


H. R. Holsinger ; 

Dear brother ; The com- 
mittee sont by Annual Meeting, will be at 
Berlin, Pa., on the 9th day of August, next. 
Please notify your congregation to mect'tVith 
the committee in council on the 9th of Augtist, 
at 9 o'clock, A. M. and continue antil our 
woi-k shall be completed. This ia a notice to 
to you to be ready for trial. Yuurs. 

fToHx Wise. 

Mulberry Grove, III., July 16, 1881. 

This notice of Holsinger's hearing is reproduced 
from the July 22, 1881, issue of the Progressive. 

The Brethren Evangelisi 



The Prooressive Christian. 

r»;;w.:^ Koi-sinroBB., 


1 .2S per Annum, in Advmjno* . 


BERLIN, PA.. FRIDAY, JAN. 14, 1881. 



IfrotA ten to twenty thousand Dollar* 
ID donate when fioiici''''' — 
-^ thcmissionai-v - 

''^^'^' ni 


'^^^3QJ]^ brought tnniost of UB. 

several years experience in conducung 


AS!ii,A.\[» t OT :■; 

\V,1 t Ills been a pretty gevere ex- 
rostrum. And It has oeui a , j 


wickedness, as well as all 

siiould be ex2}osed, in oi-der 

ent oi 

actly as we ' 

the Brethren. 

«'°", Inn a 

we piit the 
thinos. 1 Tim. 

places." That 

others, -we believe ^.^ 

that the wickeS P-pe .;Vtor n..y J^ ^^^ 

tnTrf one^ofMr|ood ministers of 

lesus Christ," and therefore 

Tfr, 'Jomt'V- •^aU-wltted impostor 

heart's deli-ht of the man who is 
JZ the loss rf his filthy lucre; 
Kshopofaehm-ehmay pubhsh 
falshood through the same 

still sore 
but the 
n malicious 
church organ 

gp/,.r '^'■'•' "'''I'-' i'teuli.'irilit.',, of A.>s!)U.iid CoMfei 

^v.>-e ua. l|..,-,L It W..S ht.ia on Ihe. eoik-e ,,i,„ 

«> pun, 1. ol one of om- ov.n eoilc-e.. A\-Ca J ,'|. 
^^^uld have believed it iii tiie year J.SU.";, 

^%il/"i:-'-^l'<i't /''(fuili/ Ou,np(i,',.,on fii-Kt iiuuU-'-7 ■■';" 

^roftiiuicaraiiee, that in .sLxtcen vear.s our Vn- , 
ual-M\ meeting ^v.nilcl be held on iho cnnp^j'n', ^?' 

rwasma, \ '^''V"' ■""' ""^'-''' ^'"-" '''^''^ shadow of'^""' /j' 
^"■ould (iH"i'U s eolleoc, and that the Standiiio-''^'' ^ 

in f•a^mittc.^ would hold its scs.sioim in one o'^h/ """' 
all"Pl|recitaliuu rooms of the college, in whie'abod ''';''-;V 
in kjo stood at the «clf .same time a musical i-t "« 7 ■ ,' 

J, imeii% even a foite jiiano ? And let it ' ^'^ ^ 'fods 
to>d>rded by the hi.storiau, sacred au,l profai'\„"°i ''//".'' '■"" 
^^'''off'"' "!"'■'■'■'"- ''''' "ccur, in the vcanvcred ,"'' 
(^.„ ^oid, 18t>J, at A-shlaiid "I,;., i ■- ^. „ „„.- ^Is 

lhcfa> ^' "ay of a loot 


ss-Jite to 


O'lJ't tlvo 

In the June 24, 1881, issue of the Pro- 
gressive, Holsinger had these comments ] 
alMut Annual Meeting's decision to send aj 
committee fo Berlin to examine him. 

"'^' J'o.ssib;, 

VQ(i,(e "■ 



1 11)1 

^-^ to .see an '-'"'' --^ 

'"■our';!:::::'':'-: ^"'''"""■'^Ilz 


/4/so in the June 24, 1881, issue of the 
Progressive, Holsinger had these additional 
thoughts on the 1881 Annual fleeting. 

■<^"\^-'^a,,d,;,.i> ft--''ieAi.,,,,,,v r 
C.; aV' ''"^ ''-'^oi- t .^'■■^^"•^- sti/i ve. v"«- '■« 


n-e ,1 

i'l'ii.'^t (he 
"s Was 

1°_, „" of Kv nil our church journals. 


Hell 111 
hi- \\a^ 


he is mer 

\, bat the 

; the commuume..i=. «. , 

■ John Gulp; 

HaXytu P. Saylor than to 

? H Balsbaugh than to Aaron l).ehl. All 

Se meufand equally fallihle^^ e haw 

pets and no pet theory except Chi .st and 

salvation. We have no tea o 

cept Him to whom we shall u 

an account-who ho,sj.owci 

and body into hcH— Him 

ned chui 

jfosted in ( 

to -Ki 


l^TI nil 1 ^si)- 

•lie' ijki.siH 
bia lif 

WaSii ,•:. \„ '■ . Vf] 
riy tn hu rich I 


;iuitiiig our sehooUiii ■ 

iiKlined to ii-<'> il"' ™'' 


irse tiic 

t vai 

ery uiih 

I '»-' ■l4./i*i;;kl.,t;'ai-e but 
^jtas gifts wjiic-h he lia.s 

Aee, i Sion." Tji^, , 

"■-'>"' John W„ "« , -':'"'rc„ 
1.1, besides, J^'J''' iva 

sion." Tjie'c"** atco/.ii,, 
^"<- ^taiidi,,^, 


''^eauf? 7.' 

"' sup 
''■■»i'f'- /roiu 

'I.,, 7 ''•"'<'* o/- 

•"^e to a "^'"uiittoc 

fo said !- ''''""'t«I 

soil] . 

"'fssion. I "■'" 
■'"-'^■era/ / '^'c 
'iidecd. ' '''•■ 

iif any oue 

;.„ l4o«rf,:.Jate-. ; ,so.,K at le .So there th' "'"' ^■'V'-d A, " ^^"^-'"'r, off^C 

iw™fe». ,„,,,,,„ tbe .^^^^^-u..o,d.,:f:,:^--j;;.. i^rot^r:;::^::; te/T 

oiifhs r,,, .) miniin- ti, aiiUve 
,.,.1 '"-'.K .-ire >,,.<. ,.,.jir.l. 

„?. "^' ""''out ho, 


Certainly, we could ma 
taking a dilU'rent cou 

d^ X icas^;^(| .(,u| done to sui)prosK tli(7 

'lail^: P'ont sin nf eo\cton!^ne.«.s. No one 

'loabt, upon reafl^-"' the Bible, but that 

utoosneo" - W m ^ ■'"" men- 

This editorial by H.R. Holsinger in the first 
issue of the Progressive for 1881 perhaps 
explains why several grievances were pre- 
sented against him and the paper at the 
1881 Annual Meeting. 

»*«|le ui'iipy in tnc ■ -vv" Js ui<. 01, Jv 
in^li.'/b-e.K^iiting uoi§}i*ffY*«s ol faitht'ulnoss "as i-c,-|d ^. ' 
(^(.titons disposilion re«j«P»rd tbeir Hvl-. Son ]a,st thw, t 

the attuallv,lp«d<!. happy by the si' patrni. 1 ■''''-'^' 
l^^^«^Mi^ av„iy .v;"j>»an sdilitionaltie.betv jj , *"' "'ej' Jo 
'^'i«.'.'#isdivss, tliji_,3^ SOiiielK.weverit 'Ov •"•" -- ■ 

&»d \ue[tiu--. ' 
fiito liie iaeev'o 
audribirn), fin 
in Its onee ' 
y doetoi- i^ s 
be lells the 
llov.M- has 
bowel's. Oi 
larlin^, how t 
■d laec lells of 
Iters j tears to relie\e a br 
worn, and tbe little ehildiiii must be mother nie.s-.CH the. de„ Jnasniu, I 
dresi^ed in the exaetpatlern of the old follcs, so | the hist 'time, for the last time bisVes 'll • 
t the ehnreh ••■•' ' ■ ' -.,,iu .,^ g,.j,a- j lips ; nd the f itberwith a jrioan oflieart-! 

.-igoiiiet, consigns the litlle coftiu f 

"'ail oil 
"°t c„d„,.se 

i ! 



'^J'^- iti. 

^vewiJ ?/'""" i'/ tL^ ""'^"t«s 

:^"cesc.ipea't all ' !f ^^'^i" of ""/•.■■*'=''■ 

er n\ hi 

O'le of ,„e 

"'- '/ Ol-/,- 


coin- / •''■3 spniB 


^-feetiiio-..^ Miol 

'T'd comes /i'.o„,/(h<;.willng 

.and a 



lOtise the outwai-d manifest 

»U8e the outwara manitestatioi-^ Vimt VO 
'1 eonseqti Ai' >■' ^ ■"■ 

of the Dunkjrd 

uoi^ Is 

^ ""V'Thii Great Convocation 
If p-utl'''* *" Church Now inVSewon. 

'Pli a seo 

.n • turn 


one tlie... Tr ; ■ / .^ "' "teady 

hand it wMsTO'dt'cr Ji.t, \y l.ithinalcw 

it-et of him it was dashetl lo..,. .'.'.Iters. What 

wai to be done ? A man and brother's life 

was at steak. Quickly an engine and one 

"-. dispatched on the errand of mercv, 

lly did it doils duty. Along 

ssafte "keep the tracli 

sssibly make it 

g ere thai, 

" •• that of 

t.o hiu; 



bif «"»■ ' 



10 the I me 

rnUeaSutelw^caU^ to order. nt^ 

o^oroinK. Jane -. »»«•„*;„„ „, 

leetsCoWreat ana preparation. But 

The June 9, 1881, edition of The Ashland 
Times can-led an article about the 1881 
Annual Meeting, part of which is reproduced 

^as ( 


ter who was not contaminated Jjrand-lnolher! 


,»1TM aluioet a «««»■ 'j meeting were | Insta? in dcsciibin 

'ft*™ . . ti* ia due llie 

fangled notioirs, but dressed in 

•^^ id wore his hair in the lon-'i- 

or eoiie of the tradition of the fatli- 

The er preached the rich mmi's 

'"v.i'lmount of Ubor 1 changeiothiog to say about the wid- 

(e« can apprecte '^« '"i"" „jertiiln- 9. Kehc rich man had relieved 

invoWeJ in tne «u"> _,,oi-tnne; ol 

thousand people lor the mu „d„„,^.^, 

and expense 

n, ol live to ten 

week. Sotfiee it to »y 

the arrang ,. . 

complete, and great credit le^ 

comttt'ltee « 


ho had them in charge 

the institutions 

my thinp; of 

|)le scope 

, _, ... pathetic 

due llie I aake/W'* bPothfr aUhongh Ihe Lord 

n with gi-e:it worldly treasures. 

that ent pt minister found ai 

d.ningball «ati. Blteen 

hundred j 

■ed tten 


white ca|> and spectacles, 
'cut witii, smile.s, and with 
II; ^^'■Ofs,, I our childhood, 

o ci; U/ion „, •'" iD.j-d throw 

rioound;/ "'''"^os, ^^.^J-^ ,^ 

ca]) is foldett ap / 
Hilled b>-'^/ 


a messen; 








our door >ef./,n,^j,"'« h^, ^ "'*'. /q, /an,J l!'^'""' /,e«7V"'i ' 

ide, but an,) / i.„,. . ^"-'«r>,._ ' '''«ci h^j^'y\ Po'seJ 

herweIo-<i/«e/,-^«'V«,^ '•-^^Ues. ' '"^ '«;« 


blee. _ „;,(„« began their' 

The Standing <'»'""""*\^i,^ommit- 

7776 same edition of The Ashland Times 
had these comments about Henry Holsinger. 

side, but ao.i/you f, '"(-hef, 


toit.s-home. /„., '^'o/.k '»'' oij.i,„ ■ 
her hence, :V.<:">'e a„„ ,'^„^ ^ro^rej,;."" "' 'h 

to sjiare the man. At the ln>.~^oeakT51 lio-ht 
all was on hand. Then came the rumble of 
carriapfe whet'ls, and a lady sjieedily qlirrlits, 
and rushing on the bridge looked over the 
w,iter.s_ and gave one frantic sercani, "3Iv 
"^**lsband !" f^trong men kept her 
fler him. The boat was 
ized and broken I Then tho 
iviurely this will weather the j 
t^ec it glides do^n tha ." 
ird on the wing. There *- ! 
lies him ; But ho ia no^-^" 
l,^JVous' etraiff. 4 1 
r t . "^S^ft^^ *° the 

/./tioid si%8i4>ftia^#e».ofth 

I/,in erect and wjlT ' 
_ „.- . , ;„>Uinged iuto tho ijolfinijn 


'"lie I 
for. I 






« h. 

»a« ~ 

an, I 



''^'f the year laSl eliall JMn^jijf' '.: 

'yss into eternity, may not 'soop ■■ 

'« lost I lost ! cternallfc^loat ! i» ^tfj *"' 

»-8 *• ' >,-'■'.* 

Hv.,/"/'., 7; i.«fi. - » ■> .-^it,' 

^i» .-■■iu4^ 

passed a resolution in absence of the Committee, that 
they will have a full report of proceedings taken; and 
right on this, passed, in presence of the Committee, the 

Resolved, That this Council shall be held openly to 
all members, and persons not members of the Brethren 
church will be considered present by courtesy only, and 
none but the members of the Berlin Church and the 
Committee are invited to participate in the business. 

Wednesday, August 10 met at 9 a.m. according to 
adjournment. The Chairman announced to the meeting 
that the Committee feared the members did not under- 
stand the responsibilities they assumed yesterday and 
proposed a re-consideration and rescinding of their de- 
cisions. After some investigation of the propriety of re- 
consideration brother Holsinger gave liberty for any 
one to make a motion to that effect, but no motion was 
offered. After due time the Committee retired and de- 
cided as follows: 

In view of the above considerations, especially in 
view of the fact that brother H.R. Holsinger refused to 
have his case investigated by the Committee in har- 
mony with the Gospel as interpreted by our Annual 
Meeting, and the consent of our general brotherhood, 
and inasmuch as brother H.R. Holsinger and the Berlin 
church assumed all responsibility in the case, therefore 
we decided: That brother H.R. Holsinger cannot be 
held in fellowship in the brotherhood, and all who de- 
part with him shall be held responsible to the action of 
the next Annual Meeting. 

The above report was read to the Berlin congrega- 
tion. Then the committee, accompanied by two Ber- 
lin deacons, went around to the 71 members of the 
church present and took their vote on the report. 
Only one member of the Berlin church voted in favor 
of the report, and he was an elder nearly 80 years of 
age who had voted with the church on all previous 
occasions during the hearing. 

After the committee had finished its work, the 
Berlin church met in council, and 
after some deliberations unanimous- 
ly passed this resolution: 

Resolved, that in as much as Elder 
H.R. Holsinger has not violated any 
gospel order of the general Brother- 
hood, and not having a trial of the 
charges brought against him at An- 
nual Meeting of 1881, therefore the 
Berlin congregation, the Meyersdale 
branch included will work together 
with brother H.R. Holsinger as our 
bishop, as heretofore; and we invite 
all who are willing to take the Gospel 
of Christ as the man of their counsel, 
into church fellowship with us. 
During the nearly 10 months be- 
tween the Holsinger "trial" and the 
next Annual Meeting, at which 
final action would be taken on the 
committee's report, tension mounted 
in the Brotherhood. This was re- 
flected by numerous articles in the 

church papers that discussed Holsinger's case an( 
the issues that divided Progressives and Conserva; 
tives in the church. 

Two significant Progressive statements came ou 
during this period. One was a pamphlet written b; 
Stephen Bashor entitled "Where Is Holsinger? 
which questioned the validity of the committee's de 
cision, since no formal trial had been held. The othe 
was an article in The Progressive Christian, "Pro 
gressive Unity — Our Principles Defined," written b; 
Holsinger and Bashor, which set forth the position o ' 
the Progressive element in the church. 

Scene Three: Annual Meeting of 1882 

The 1882 Annual Meeting was held at Arnold' 
Grove, near Milford, Indiana, on May 30-June 2. Thi 
meeting wasted no time in getting to the Holsinge 
committee's report, taking it as the second item o 
business. Discussion of the report took up most of thi; 
first day. A motion was made to delay action on thd 
report because of the serious consequences of its ac 
ceptance. And Holsinger himself offered an "olive 
branch of peace" in which he asked pardon for his of 
fenses and promised to remain in harmony witl 
church practice, providing that the committee' 
report was rejected. In the end, however, the repor, 
was accepted, and Holsinger and his sympathizer 
were disfellowshipped from the church. ' 

That same evening the disfellowshipped Brethrei! 
met in a schoolhouse ("Schoolhouse No. 7") to decidj 
what to do next. In a meeting chaired by Elder P.J 
Brown, the Brethren extended to Holsinger thei; 
Christian sympathy and appointed a committee ti 
draft a memorial to Standing Committee of Annua 
Meeting with a view to making one more effor 

{continued on page 12 

Schoolhouse No. 7, where the Progressives met after their expul] 
sion from the church at the 1882 Annual Meeting. 


The Brethren Evangelisi 

I The-Progtessive Christian. 


1 JSS p<ar .Aminim, Id AtlTaa 


BERLIN, PA., FEJED AY, AUGt. 19, 1881. 

NO. SO. 



OF THE ■ • ■ ' ■ 

a d'l^ 3y^ i T T :& iE 

' ' ' ■•'Vdfe tnE TEIAI^OP 


T=r-giTi-r> A-TJ'tJ-tJST © A.XTID lO, leei, 

the Dtsoiple 

Tbe Mectirig conTeiicd, 
chui*chi at 9 oViock.' 

Brother John Wise opW^M the Meeting 
by amtotmci rtg; a liymn, in wKicii all the con- 
p^giUiwi' oiijja^L*^! in singing;, aftor which an 
Ardent and fervint'^n-ayer was offcpod, asking^ 
the blessing uf GoU to tx»t UfKia. hie ikk>i>Ic 
while cnga^cfl in, ho iaipoitani a ,wf>i'k, tliat 
Go^BhoUla ari-£ftt jttie wavu of trouble, iu the 
churcli, ovi'i- wtiich Imndi'tKU arp jiqw shedding 
tears, AikI that by 'l^is <^yi^aa ttxe tiaiu may 
«I>ec<flly Ob^e ivdon the whole 3'otberliood, 
will lift; iiiiked together by the golden link of 
Chrigtiiui Icvc. , , 

At ttic rcqi^t^t <»f brother Wise, Wpthoi" 
James Quiiiter read the i7th chapter of St. 
John, cutitainiu^ onr LordV Pravei'. 

Wise: In eAneuHJrt^' with' tfiy bi^thrcn, 
irc liaa)« ooiMiuded that it ia JHStlftable thab 
■we fib^Ud pnwiced with bueiness. 'The tiiire 
was fUD^Jaeiv before, the introdtictoi-yexerciises 
wertt iGriwRtidk 

W« remark, then, in bel)94f nC the commit- 
tee, tliat we are here us a committee, ap[)ulnt- 
••^Uy«tjMJ./4w»' Meeting to onme to the 
I Berlin c-uim^ and inreiitigate bit)il»ei- Hol- 
«ingttt'« case. 

TUb ftBt'lhiuft, then, in aooordance with the 
I e«tal>lt8hud oi-der and eostom.** 'ii**" ^'"^ -h. 
be to ttsk whoThftT T-h^m.*' ^ rateni^'. 

Abd if weAcccj 
rfl^ HO y 6j 
And ai 

to detain T 
anything farther 
the vote. 

This August 19, 1881, issue of tfie Progres- 
sive carried a complete report of ttie hearing at 
Berlin. The irony is that this report was made 
possible because Holsinger had arranged for a 
stenographer to be present at the hearing, one 
of two things to which the committee objected^ 

^ ^ rule well. Til 

forencc is clearlv drawn that there was 

Motion passcjl ""■"'unioiisly. 

'^1 pruQentiai r eaeons. 

II--' ■ Ifo. 1. 

Siiie some hare tried to crush yon, I feel 
anxioTis to assist jou, and shall do evei-ything 
I can: I hope yon will not despair, for I 
t j-eally believe there is a better day and time 
"eomirtgfoi-you, evbn in this life. He that 
ijfearefn Sod and worketh righteousness is 
faccepled of him," let committees say and do 
what they will. Be encouraged, dear brother 
H., you aie battling for tlw right, and that 
will always win, if 4or a season it niav seem 
quiteio-tbe contrary. Think of Liitlicr, Ro- 
ger 'WilJiaiPS, Buiiyau, and many others who 
sufTei-ed. yoisccution. ibi- Christ's sake. "Tiio 
heavier the cross the brighter the crown." 

\^ No. 2. 

va. I always t 
IIoNihe C# 

Following the committees hearing. Holsinger 
received a number of letters of support. This 
one appeared in the August 26. 

iu the apostolic church. Cci-taiu iwrsoii^iba'J^ 
judothera had lo .su' '"*" 

y^ Paul to Titus, 
U" fihouULst set 
tha anting, and 
He ccrtaiui 
■dor in the cl 
L order can be ii 
th'/. I ask, was T 
satusted witli po\ 
pi qS clearly undcr.-^ 
.1 ■ 's that should 1 
'■""' ordain eldc' 
cons.fding to SCI 
in thi This pre 

they '•i?'it 10 

.1 ^ For unir 

"'^■y,bv the 

WOi, the"dificre 

plc order and i 

-'(lueutly, tl' 



present, aud they have au equaj i-ight to kjiony 
the proceedings of this Bteeting withanv oth- 
er jiersou outside the Bcrliu congregation, 
yourselves excepted. 

Jfow (lieu, what can he objectionable in cu- 
deavbriug to jireseiit (o the thousands uf 
members and others wtjo are deeply Intereiit- 
cd in the question at issue? I have 0B(y tried 
to give them the same opportunity thpt you 
offer to the |irc6ent congregation. These ai-o 
my reasons foi' it. 

Indecency ! I should like to know what 
are the indecencies of these proceedings. I 
think we arc jwrfeetly decent, iVe will mis- 
rejiresent no man ; we will let him be heard 
in his own exact woixls : there ean be no in- 
iii the matter. "We* wont 

U- R. 

erset Co. 

In the ah ''*""»'»*i 

as Wo u'" '"'"'"arks m> 

*«"t'o»» for ti^^'^'^f'^ of our r r''^ are /„ 

'^''' ^y this mean, "i'""<>h 
••e ha 


"e'ieve that a „ ^<^ ''are T'*' P'-ompt- 





a table bix>ug] 
This mcetir 
iiunao by tl 
And as tor t| 
you one qu' 
held. Til ere 

1881. Pro- 

tho aerliiv;veu eo to 

Wftnt to 




s. u. ^^"^ 

^^ouu-."'-*^^'' i^,i .late «; .^f ' <,re«.- 
and from t^%P "J Brotherhood, J'« J^^^tia^ 


which ."prop; 




ickade in the )>roceeamgs ol this meeting on 
of accommodation. 

Tjet us have a motion and have 
' «ed of. '■ 

03 ■ church has decided to 
hnp' his place, and ba-e it will 


ume thci-e is no uecesBity 
ubject any farther. 
*^ ging the place of holding 

pXt business we wish to 

. ; ^ting is this : "We i>re8ent 

' willing to be governed 

1 s*^^ of the Brotherhood in 

Of *\ 5.; 

orJi'' ''"^■'^ '0 o^'^ what 

7 Tivl^ '^ stcnogi-aph- 

, . le proceedings of 

doub\,hed iu your paper, 

\e bo done, as it is a 

of the general 

aud doc- 
con- I 


{s;^l^;;r;{ unity »^:;^r;"p>4--^- ^:i 

.HsLevstanding '"^^^th unto"-'^^f, ^fj7.^^^^^- 

•ha'^jWe ^^^W^l^ «und .nore fivw J ^^ ^^^ ^^\ ^^ 
■n^isLuduponitwe ^^^_,^^, Aia ^^1 

""Kos-Lnv element in ">^ . n our vrincil „v,„n '-<'" ..-"y m regard to 

* ,A^^ „;nMon, that, wn^" ^een, and vn^iM ^^jg. ^^^ ^^ 
,,.U8e. the conviction. .^ai be seen ,,y l- ,^^^J. ^^ j,,_^ 

,1 tVi« understood ovuu J ^.^^p,.^,cnt« of L„ji.l to use ou\his oc- 

■ ifArc the more mienir, . ta" .^„t ,„ ,.^,^„,j ^,1 
ht before I' « v,„blencd P"""^ ub\>i this meeting. 

dutyapc^ro opposed to a ^V °f and nothing "^ 7. ere, that this 

as doctrines in ;„\,7 but from G-^^;;'g,owsbip' 

^' It would be 
^ usages. And 
ntroduccd here 
for the future. 

\ OU Vtinnj 

; that m 
for it to 

al Mec^'g 

from ' 

otlrer CO.? \ or ofBcial posiuu 

onli/ n«I« '!/ 

i-ahipne "^i I rr"''*' 

Holsinger and Stephen Bashor set forth the 
position of the Progressives in this article, 
which appeared in the October 7. 1881. Pro- 
gressive. The entire article is reprinted in 
AT. Ranks History of The Brethren Church, 
pp 135-141. 

brc»,(. f,.i,|t i,i the 

* 1 wboauation, I will 
here- \ ^^^^ . exactly like 

t*^*" I mO""''"''^ church. 
I '^'liminary stei) 
b'uC , di-eided foi 
satis And I will 
UUC**-'" down. As 
i . much as seems 
-TJ I will say that- 
so tar as my clerk is 
is no occasion to dis- 
that has been settled. 

I If 

B lias 
upon it that oi 
this case, as well is ii 
may eiist in the chur 

Holsinger : It is v> 
similarity between thi.s 
caseR, so far as the brc 
men have been ti-icd. 
has ever boon tried for 
chaigcd with to-day. 
before councils for viol 
and the law of decciic; 
this council to-day ha 
tory of the Dunkar* 
charges ha\e not b' 
wish to discu;>s tb 

If uninspired re 
an order, then I 
also an uninspirf 
this committee : 
ha^'G eqnal rii^h 

Titus was dii' 
out of order, j^ 
his rules of ord 
than the rule r 

And you k 
before for doi 
have done to- 
lO do, just \\1 
do to-tlay. J^ 
eoniniittce. .■ 
I toltl you, br( 
what you rejec 
same thing -ig 

I have all di 
well, and accoi- 
ren, wht-n you 
independent of 
only as moi *i. 

*e resided "•""«f'-'^ i^- - '"'^^ -• 

°"s , 1 

•e re./iJrc' 

't tr. 

'" UDd I °I>cii 

«-e wero/a«te 

^;r;2-2^5«"i:t'- """" 





-■■VI y 'iO>een 

time ad- 

'''^ershin h';""" "ere we wo-"" "'""'^ to 


^e cam 
tv rvf 'u^ °'''^ 
.-'""P and OBr „S^''' *^o etiUhJu "^''•'ob I n ^t, 

?s - C's t^ T«;:7 5-;=* te- 

'°*>*il.«io,lt.**'»'»«i„„ J ,^»<l Mill m,^i. I 

Oano-Ko... "F^'eiatin., k 


^^fi men 


c's/on "'"• 

. .*"'^*^'- " Our''''**''-'" '-" Z"-' ^^^:^1uC'^ 
Ua With =. "' ^orst Pno • °°^ ' / ^'^ ' 

in »h.^" PuiJlished r '"'^ than th? "'"''"g-o/ ^-onstm;- 
'" the iJrcthren ft,, • , -f" ouroni.,- "^'^ "'at/- ^e invited. 
*''« meeting of ,h "'■'^'' Jnst as m u " '^'-' are/"^'" i'«<=lf <>■' 
f°" Wanj. „* °.' ''^« committee /'''*•''« befoi^^onith them. 

deoi^oo Of fc^^o^ 1882 1'^r «>"-„/ '^- L^o^f f-'Li 
^?**^tbeBepr '"'"eeofZ ''°'"i'm the /^"d ^ bodies. 

t'Onai (i^.. '^''^ not Ji„l ^OUr o;- r„ / 'revent- 

«Mafm'"'^" -Banti^7^""8- tothe^,"""'^/ ^^ear" their 
^»'j Mill beion., to ;f '^o'l^wnenr.? , "''on-Z/nst ,-, "ohb not 
Me same. 'o to the Brethl ^'' ^"t w^^ \Vh ■''^ •■"■« >e- 

the word of (i "«' ^ilture ex. •^'"^e p,a„ „^ ^ ^" / J^,'^,^^' as we hold 

l^ctvourau. »^VU^ tb^' r'^^'Pt that „' "Perations /> / i ' =" ""^J; \"= 

'withVouro bestX. ^''I'^apcorrfL <" »'^«n '- for / at t usages of the 
only i... sue, wi// ^°'';; "^'^erstand J'^^^ '° '"« ^o 

point. I. 'heh-git w 'P ^Jt'i aj; i?*"' and 



]S'ow, li 
members | 
county. ' *^"'CU|Oj 

Every ma' 
come hen 
cause the 
are thous:. 
1 who feel as*aw*lily 


'ODQbut J, 

'o the / me. 

y^e all that 'none but 
''ope /otheirs wonld take 
Jove/anv .To that the 

tt I announced 
lat this was to 


and / £h 

'Ve are neither 

OUSaeeret society. 

Pn yo( in that- way, 

fCtism publielj 

Holsinger took the outcome of the commit- 
tee s hearing in stride, as this editorial in the 
August 26, 1881. Progressive reveals. 

h closed doors ? 

practice with 

mittee say they 

'Uii/i I'fi^e.] 

"Aniold's, Elkhart Co., Irul., 1 
May 3l8t, 1882. j 
To the Standinrj Committee. — 

Dear Brethren in Annual Meeting Assent- 
Ided, Greet in;/ : 

We, your petitioners, would be;; leave to 
aay that we feel aggrieved at yesterday's ac- 
tiou iu the case of Eider II. R. llolsiiigeraiul 
his friends, and leeling that another division 
iu the brotherhood i.s iniruinent, and deplor- 
ing an event fraught with eo much evil, we 
humblv petition that a joint committee, tay 
of twelve brethren, hall to be selected by 
Progressive brethren, and the oOier halt by 
your body, and they prepare a plan for a gen- 
eral reconciliation between the annual meet- 
ing and all the bretbren called Progressives. 
And we hope you will hear us in this our 
earnest request, so that farther division may 
be prevented." 

To this, the Standing Committee replied as 
follows : 

"liespectedlircthren of the Committee, 

Inasmuch as the Annual xVleeting of 1881 
ruled out the Miami Valley petition upon the 
ground that it had not come through the 
District Meeting; thus settling the question 
ol her ruling, theretoi-e this Standing Com- 
mittee cannot receive anything that does not 
come in regular order." 

The petition sent by the Progressives to 
Standing Committee of the 1882 Annual 
Meeting and the reply of Standing Com- 
mittee is here reproduced from the June 
13, 1882, issue of The Gospel Preacher, 
another Progressive paper that merged 
with The Progressive Christian the fol- 
lowing month. The two papers later be- 
came The Brethren Evangeust. 

to prevent a division of the church. 

This memorial was taken to 
Standing Committee the following 
day. But it was rejected on the tech- 
nicality that it did not "come in reg- 
ular order," that is, because it had 
not come through a district meet- 

Concluding that every means of 
compromise or reconciliation had 
been exhausted, the Progressives 
again met at Schoolhouse No. 7 on 
June 1. They adopted the motto, 
"The Bible, the whole Bible, and no- 
thing but the Bible," and made 
plans for a convention, at which "it 
shall be decided what course shall 
be pursued for the future." 

Scene Four: 
The Ashland Convention 

This convention was held later 
that month (June 29-30, 1882) at 
Ashland College, with Elder J.W. 
Beer presiding. At the convention 
the Brethren adopted a "Declara- 
tion of Principles," a docvunent mod- 

eled after the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, in which they set forth 
their platform and expressed their 
grievances against the church from 
which they had been expelled. They 
also initiated efforts to effect a 
union with other groups that had 
departed from the German Baptist 
Church, established preliminary 
plans for a new denomination, ap- 
pointed a committee of reconstruc- 
tion to help organize or reconstruct 
churches, and named a committee 
with authority to call another con- 

The Progressive Brethren were 
moving ahead with the work of 
reorganization. But they did not for- 
mally organize until after the An- 
nual Meeting of the German Baptist 
Church in May 1883. They wanted 
to give the Conservatives one more 
opportunity to open the way to rec- 
onciliation. When just the opposite 
took place at that Annual Meeting, 
the Brethren proceeded with the 
formal organization of The Brethren 
Church at a Convention held in 
Dayton, Ohio, June 6-7, 1883. 


The meeting of the Progreartve bnnch 
o( the Dunkard Church, held here last 
Thuraday, waa well attended. Th« as- 
sembled repreaentativea from all parts 
of the country mitde up a fine body of 
men, who were earnfBt and fearleae in 
support of the course they have taken. 
Tlie proceedings of the meetings were 
haroionioue throughout. The Propres 
sives did not decide upon a separation 
from the main body ol the Church, as 
may be supposed by many. They take 
the ground that they have followed ilie 
principles of the Church as promulgated 
by their founder, and whatever apostacy 
there is is on the part of the main 
liranrh, or conservative party. The fol- 
lowing declaration of principles whicii 
was adopted gives a clear jdea of the 
stand the Progressives have taken anl 
their rules of action for the future. 

When t>oi1ifs i(()liiir (>r r»*ltt'>";ix tlfiiart in ;n 

The Ashland Times of July 6, 1882, carried 
this report of the Ashland Conference. The en- 
tire ""Declaration of Principles" was printed. 

Scene Five: 
The Dayton Convention 

Henry R. Holsinger was chosen i 
Moderator of the 1883 Convention, 
which was held at the Music Hall in ' 


When bodies politic or religious, depart id in- 
tent or practice from the original purpose and 
principles ot the founders ot the government or 
church, and institute measures and policies which 
destroy the inalienable rights ot the people, pro- 
hibit the exercise of individual opinions, and en- 
act laws, the enforcement of which is destructive 
of liberty and the higher interests of the gov- 
erned ; and when the welfare of the people is 
forgotten in the worship of forms and instruments, 
which are innovations upon the inherent princi- 
ples of the law of nature and of God ; and when 
character and reputation are considered matters 
the most trivial, are poisoned, polluted, and anger- 
ed without any poeeible show of just redress 
or the punishment of villitiers; When men are 
condemed without notice or trial; and when hu- 
man charity and sympathy are trampled under 
foot by those in authority,' and the prejudices and 
jealousies of men rule In the domain of thought; 
when wisdom and discretion are dethroned, it 
becomes the imperative duty of th6 oppreesed and 
misused to declare against such misrule and tyr- 
anny and in favor ot good government and the 
exercise of individual and religious rights, 
the abolishment of all traditionary and unlawful 
measures, and a ^11 return to the original spirit, 
intent, and application of the established law, 
which in this instance is the ti-ospel. When con- 
tinual efforts have failed to correct abuses, inaug- 
arate general reformatory measures, and all ey&- 
temized efforts coupled with warnings, pleadings 
and prayerA have been repulsed, and still mor<i 
radical and unlawful systems adopted for the op- 
pression of the people and the protection of ille- 
gitimate enactments and cruel rulers, it then be- 
comes their unavoidable obligation to. the law of 
God and the rights and welfare of man, to throw 
off the yoke of Dondage, step out of the shadows 
of usurpation, upon the original platform of uni- 
versal right, liberty and truth, and declare their 
iDdependenoe from all inBovations or additions to 
the constitution ol the Uw by which they are gov- 

We therelore ryathrm the primitive doctrines of 
the church, and disavow allegiance to all such 
derogatory and subversive eccleaiastical mandates, 
ttud declare our imeution to administer the gov- 
ernment ot the church as in the days of the apos- 
tles and ourtaithful brotherhood. 

We thUd reuouuce maudatory tegislatiou, creeds, 
and everything that muy be construed as holding 
anything as esi^eutial to salvation, except the gos- 
pel of Christ (Kom. i:16), and thus declare ourselves 
as being the only true conservators andperpetua- 
tors ot the brotherhood and its origiMal dpctrines 
and priuciples, aud are theretore the original and 
true church. 

We also express our sincere regret aud sorrow 
tor the apostacy of our brethren in leanng the 
time-honored principles of the church by making 
additions to the gospel through mandatory legis- 
lation contrary to the word ol God, and we praiy 
God to help them to see their error and return to 
the gospel ot Christ — the platform ot the broth- 
urhood — iiom which they have departed by im- 
proper legislation ; and uutil ihey return, we will 
not regard any expulsions or suspensions which 
they may make, but will continue to fellowship 
all who have been or may hereafter be expelled 
without gospel authority or a just trial. 

We will continue to hold district and general 
conferences when necessity or circumstances de- 
mand and then only. 

The members in all our churches v?^ ho accept 
the gospel ot Christ as the ouly law iu religion, 
shall be entitled to representation iu our Coufer- 
encos, whenever held. And that this purpose 
may be effectually executed, we decide that a 
committee of tive shall be appointed by this Con- 
vention, whose duty it shall be to arrange for the 
holding of such meetings and tor the setting in 
order of churches which may be left iu a disor- 
dered couditioD by the late apostacy. 

In conclusion, we pray the blessings of God 
upon our efforta to adhere to and retain inviolate 
the original church government aud doctrine ot 
our fathers, and the church we so devoutly love. 

The beginning paragraph and the concluding paragraphs of the ""Declaration o j 
Principles" adopted at the Ashland Convention is here reproduced from the July 5 \ 
1882, issue of The Progressive Christian. The intervening paragraphs detail thi\i 
specific grievances of the Progressives against the German Baptist Church. 


The Brethren Evangelist jJ 

Ministers in attendance at the Dayton Convention, June 6-7, 1883. 
Reproduced from Holsinger's History of the Tunkers and The Brethren Church by H.R. Holsinger, published in 1901. 

Dayton. One of the first orders of business of the 
Convention was the choice of a name for the church. 
P. J. Brown offered the following resolution: 

Resolved, That the Brethren heretofore known as 
Progressive, those known as Congregational, and 
those known as Leedy Brethren are all one body in 
Christ, and that all sectarian titles that heretofore 
existed shall be forever dropped, and we will hereafter 
be known and know each other by the Gospel name 

After being amended to read ". . . known reli- 
giously and socially ... by the Gospel name Breth- 
ren," the resolution was unanimously adopted. 

On the second day of the Convention, the Commit- 
tee on Church Government presented a report con- 
taining five guidelines for government of the church. 
The report met with immediate opposition on the 
grounds that it partook of the nature of a creed. That 
afternoon the committee presented a revised report 
on church government. P.J. Brown, on behalf of the 
committee, stated: "I have the honor to report our 
views in full. They are here set forth" — whereupon 
he handed Moderator Holsinger a copy of the New 
Testament. The report was unanimously adopted. 
\ Two of the resolutions adopted by the Convention 
are particularly noteworthy. They are as follows: 
Resolved, That this convention expresses its sincere 
regret and sorrow for the troubles in our once beloved 
and united Brotherhood, and for the necessity for the 
steps taken at this convention, and shall hope and pray 
God that the time may come when all our brethren 
shall unite with us again upon the Bible. 

* * * 

Resolved, That we have special cause to be thankful 
for the future outlook of the Church, as reflected by the 
work of this convention; the unanimity of sentiment, as 
expressed by the delegates and members of the con- 
vention in the discussion of all questions; the high 
character of the work performed; the words of cheer 
coming to us from all parts of the country; the expres- 
sion of good will upon the part of all our brethren of 
other denominations; and the general encouragement 
tendered from all sources, makes us especially grateful 
to an all-wise Providence, and creates in us a desire, in 

August 1983 

returning to our homes, to increase our diligence in the 
propagation of the truths of the gospel and furthering 
the advancement, happiness, and welfare of our fellow- 

From these resolutions it can be seen that the 
Brethren had no desire to establish a new denomina- 
tion and were genuinely sorry about the division 
that had taken place. Nevertheless, having found it 
necessary to establish The Brethren Church, they 
were committed to using this church as a means to 
propagate the gospel and to further the advance- 
ment, happiness, and welfare of others. Thus The 
Brethren Church was bom. [t] 







, i^ss- 









The Brethren Church 

1 883-1 983 

A centennial survey of the history of the Brethren 
denomination by Dale R. Stoffer 

The Task of Rebuilding (1883-1913) 

WITH Henry Holsinger's expulsion, the 
rejection of the Progressive offer of rec- 
onciUation at the 1882 Annual Meeting, 
and the hardening of the Conservative posi- 
tion at their 1883 Annual Meeting, the Pro- 
gressives reluctantly realized that their fu- 
ture now rested in their own hands. The 
reorganization process was only begun at the 
Dayton Convention in 1883. Not until 1900 
were the painful scars of the division healed 
sufficiently for the church to develop a new, 
positive self-consciousness of its mission in 

The process of reorganization was ham- 
pered by several factors. First, the Progres- 
sives were united initially more by their op- 
position to the policies and authority of the 
Conservative leadership of Annual Meeting 
than by any positive plan of action. There- 
fore, consensus on the policies and practices 
that would govern the church was slow to 

Even more serious, however, was the fact 
that following the Dayton Convention and 
until 1892, only one general gathering of the 
church was held (in 1887). So fearful were 
many Progressives of the development of a 
new centralized hierarchy that they allowed 
many important issues to hang unresolved. 
But the progress that was realized after 
three successive General Conferences (in 
1892, '93, and '94) convinced even the most 
wary that the health of the church depended 
on annual gatherings. 

One of the important stories of the reor- 
ganization period concerns the establishment 

Dr. Stoffer is pastor of the Smoky Row Brethren 
Church, Columbus, Ohio. He has studied Brethren 
history and thought extensively. This article re- 
places his usual monthly Evangelist column, 
"Learning From Our Heritage." 

and growth of the various institutions and 
auxiliaries of the church. The women were 
the first to get the ball rolling. They or- 
ganized the Sister's Society of Christian En- 
deavor in 1887. The name of this organiza- 
tion was changed to the Woman's Missionary! 
Society in 1919. In 1890 the first chapter of aj 
youth organization, the King's Children Soci- 
ety, was formed. In 1901 this became thel 
Young People's Society of Christian En- 
deavor of The Brethren Church. The Na- 
tional Ministerial Association was organizedj 
in 1892. It was not until 1919, however, that 
the beginnings of the National Laymen's 0r-| 
ganization occurred. 

This period witnessed a continuing em- 
phasis in five areas important to the Progres- 
sives: Sunday schools, publications, evan-{ 
gelism, college education, and theologicalj 
education. Sunday school conventions, fre-l 
quently held in conjunction with district con-i 
ferences, provided fellowship and instruction' 
for Sunday school personnel. In 1892 General' 
Conference authorized the production of a 
complete series of Brethren Sunday school 

National Ministerial Association 

The move to organize a National Ministerial As- 
sociation was begun by the Church of Maple Park, 
Kansas. The church urged the 1 887 General Confer- 
ence to form a ministers' benefit organization to 
"prevent ministehal pauperism." The Conference ap- 
j pointed a committee chaired by Stephen H. Bashor 
i to get things underway. The association was not offi- 
|: cially organized, however, until 1893. 
j The first officers of the National Ministerial Associ- 
j ation were S.J. Harrison, president; D.C. Christner, 
; vice president; R.R. Teeter, secretary; and G.W. 
I Rench, treasurer. 

The Ministerial Association provides an opportu- 
nity for fellowship among ministers, promotes con- 
tinuing education of pastors by sponsoring an an- 
nual pastors' conference, and provides a framework 
for the discussion of issues of concern to the clergy. 

— Jean Troup 


The Brethren Evangelist' 

literature and tracts. This same year Confer- 
ence approved the denomination's purchase 
of The Brethren Evangelist and the Breth- 
ren Publishing House, both of which were in 
private hands prior to this date. 

Evangelism had a high priority in The 
Brethren Church at this time. The 1887 Ash- 
land Convention urged the formation of dis- 
trict organizations to facilitate evangelistic 
activity. A short-lived General Mission Board 
was created in 1887 to oversee the district 
work, then a permanent National Missionary 
Board was established in 1892 to promote 
the missions program of the church. 

By the mid-1890's support began to mount 
for more concerted evangelistic activity in 
I new fields — urban America and foreign lands. 
[The thrust into American cities is reflected 
I by a 1914 report that the church had 144 

Sister's Society of Christian Endeavor 
(Woman's (Missionary Society) 

In 1887, four years after the organization of The 
Brethren Church, General Conference passed a res- 
olution that '1he sisters of the Brethren Church 
should have a voice and encouragement in every 
good work in our beloved brotherhood." The women 
formed a group named the Sister's Society of Chris- 
tian Endeavor (S.S.C.E.). The goals in the beginning 
were to raise money for sending an evangelist 
among the churches and to give financial aid to the 
"Theological Chair in Ashland College." 
The president of the S.S.C.E. for the first five 
years was Mary Sterling of 
Masontown, Pa. She was 
later called to the ministry by 
the society and became an 
ordained minister in The 
Brethren Church in 1890. 
The third president of the 
society was Rev. Laura 
Grossnickle Hedrick, also an 
ordained minister, who con- 
tributed extensively to its 
growth. In her first six 
months of office, she organized 38 new groups. 

By its tenth year, the S.S.C.E. had a total of 88 
societies with 2,000 members. The Brethren Annual 
of 1897 reported that the S.S.C.E. was "one of the 
most powerful adjuncts of the church." 

Women were also encouraged to enter Ashland 
College to prepare themselves physically, intellectu- 
ally, spiritually, and culturally. Rev. Vianna Detwiler, 
president from 1898 to 1905, noted that some 
women did not heed their call "because of the re- 
strictions of custom, timidity, or a lack of knowledge 
of the place the Bible gives to woman." 

As years passed women began to find places to 
serve in foreign missions. Therefore, in 1912 the first 
Woman's Outlook was published, emphasizing mis- 
sions. Then in 1919 the name of the S.S.C.E. was 
changed to the Woman's Missionary Society. 

— Julie Flora 

Mary Sterling 

National Laymen's Organization 

The Laymen's Organization was organized largely 
as a result of the work and interest of Howard C. 
Leslie of Nappanee, Ind., N.G. Kimmel of Gratis, 
Ohio, and George Kem of Dayton, Ohio. The first 
meeting to discuss the founding of an organization 
occurred during General Conference of 1919. A 
booster committee was appointed at that time to in- 
crease interest in the organization. The following 
year the National Laymen's Organization was offi- 
cially founded with Alva Evans, president and Mrs. 
E.A. Phillips, secretary. 

Although the organization is now fraternal, origi- 
nally it was open to "any member of the Brethren 
Church ... as long as they are in accord with the 
objectives of the organization." 

The purpose of the National Laymen's Organiza- 
tion is to exalt Jesus, promote comradeship and 
unity among the laity, increase efficiency and spiritu- 
ality among the laity, and to promote the missionary 
and educational activities of the denomination by fi- 
nancially assisting those preparing for the ministry. 

— Jean Troup 

rural congregations, 48 in towns, and 21 in 
cities. The growing interest in foreign mis- 
sions is to be credited to one man: J.C. Cas- 
sel. It was his zealous lobbying which led 
eventually to the formation of the Foreign 
Missionary Society in 1900 (the Society was 
created, however, as an entity separate from 
the authority of Conference). The first suc- 
cessful Brethren foreign mission programs 
were begun by C.F. Yoder in 1909 in Argen- 
tina and James and Florence Gribble in 
French Equatorial Africa in 1918. 

Education also remained a primary con- 
cern of The Brethren Church. Ashland Col- 
lege, founded in 1878, had come into the con- 
trol of the Progressives following the divi- 
sion. The nagging problem of the college's 
indebtedness was not relieved until the ap- 
pointment of two very capable presidents; 
J. Allen Miller (1898-1906) and J.L. Gillin 
(1906-1911). J. Allen Miller's commitment to 
theological training prompted him to resign 
the presidency in 1906 
to head the new Bible 
department, which, for 
the first time, was des- 
ignated a seminary. 

A notable accom- 
plishment during the 
period was the achieve- 
ment of a consensus 
concerning church gov- 
ernment. The 1887 
Convention had set 
forth a limited form of 

Congregationalism as 
{continued next page) 

J.C. Cassel, advocate 
of foreign missions 

August 1983 


•lllll I 

the apostolic ideal. But 
fears of the loss of con- 
gregational authority 
continued to under- 
mine efforts to define 
more clearly the nature 
of this limited Con- 
gregationalism. Thus 
proposals brought in 
1892 and 1897 were 
either tabled or post- 
poned indefinitely. 

Conference rules 
were finally adopted in 
1898 and later amend- 
ed in 1906 and 1910. It 
was not until 1915, however, with the adop- 
tion of the Manual of Procedure that the or- 
ganization, officers, authority, and duties of 
the local, district, and national structures 
were spelled out. This manual, with its lim- 
ited form of congregational government, has 
stood the test of time. 

The following chart gives an indication of 
the growth of the church during the first 40 

Dr. J. Allen Miller, 
A.C. president 1896-1906; 
first dean of the seminary. 


Churches Reporting 



ca. 6,000 



ca. 7,500 










The Liberal Controversy (1913-1921) 

One of the most important characteristics 
of the Progressive movement was its desire 
to use any means available to help it in its 
mission. This spirit of openness to outside in- 
fluences expressed itself in several signifi- 
cant ways. The Brethren Church quickly be- 
came involved in the great interdenomina- 
tional movements of the late 19th and early 
20th centuries — the Women's Christian Tem- 
perance Union, YMCA and YWCA, the Stu- 
dent Volunteer Movement, Christian En- 
deavor, the Laymen's Missionary Movement, 
the Keswick Movement, and Bible confer- 
ences, especially at Winona Lake. 

More importantly, by the turn of the cen- 
tury, Brethren had made initial contacts 
with both liberalism and fundamentalism, 
the two movements which would shape the 
history of the denomination until 1940. Be- 
cause the Progressives believed education 
was the key to involvement in modern soci- 
ety, a number of the young leaders of the 
church pursued advanced training at univer- 
sities and seminaries with liberal perspec- 

First known picture of Ashland College (c. 1881) 
showing Founders (left) and Allen Halls. 

tives. It was through the influence of these 
men that liberalism was introduced to the 

Fundamentalism came into the church 
through several key leaders, especially Louis 
S. Bauman, the founder of the large Long, 
Beach, California, Brethren Church, and J.C. i 
Cassel. Bauman made contact with many 
fundamentalist leaders in Philadelphia be-j 
tween 1896 and 1910 and continued these as-| 
sociations at Long Beach between 1912 and} 
the 1930's. 

During the years 1913 to 1921 liberalism! 
and fundamentalism in the church came intol 
direct confrontation over such issues as the; 
social gospel, evolution, the nature of Scrip- 
ture, and prophecy. Three distinct groups 
gradually emerged in this conflict: a small |^ 
group of vocal liberals, a small group of ag- 
gressive fundamentalists, and the main body 
of traditional Brethren who were conserva- 
tive but not necessarily fundamentalist. 

In the clash the main body tended to feel 
that liberals were going beyond the limits o\ 
Scripture in their accommodation to 20tl: 
century views, but they did not share the ag 
gressive spirit of fundamentalism. The con 
troversy was resolved when the liberals 
gradually left the church for Presb5^eriar 
and Methodist pastorates during the 1920's 
The adoption of the conservative "Message o 
the Brethren Ministry" by the Nationa 
Ministerial Association in 1921 played a ke] 
role in bringing the controversy to an end. 

The Fundamentalist Controversy 

With the resolution of the liberal con 
troversy, the church experienced a reneweti 
forward thrust during the 1920's and earl;; 
1930's. New forms of outreach to youth wer 1 
first introduced in the 1920's — camping anj| 
vacation Bible school — while the specis 


The Brethren Evangelis: 

needs of the elderly were met with the con- 
struction of the Brethren's Home in Flora, 
Indiana, in 1923. 

Evangelism continued to have a prominent 
place in the agenda of the church during this 
period. The Home Mission Board (the Na- 
tional Mission Board gradually was given 
this designation because it came to focus on 
home missions) expanded its program with 
the hiring of its first field secretary in 1929. 
New mission works were started, especially 
in the urban centers of the West and Mid- 
west. Growth was steady during the period, 
as indicated by the following figures. 

Year Churches Reporting 

1930 148 

1939 152 



Storm clouds began to darken the horizon 
of The Brethren Church again, however, by 
Ithe mid-1930's. Initially, the focus of the 
problem was Ashland College. Though the 
college had shown some liberal leanings 
*around 1900, it had grown more conservative 
during the 1920's and '30's. But it was not as 
[conservative as the fundamentalists desired 
j(who wanted it to develop a strict code of con- 
tduct, ban anyone with liberal connections 
jfrom speaking at the college, hire only fun- 
[damentalist professors, etc.). 

Throughout the 1920's and '30's the fun- 
damentalist Brethren had grown in numbers 
and influence under the leadership of Louis 
S. Bauman and Alva J. McClain. These men 
desired to turn the college into a fundamen- 
talist school and direct the denomination on 
a similar course. But a large percentage of 
the church wanted to retain their conserva- 
itive Brethren heritage without being forced 
linto the mold of fundamentalism. 

Those who lived through this era know 
Ithat during the 1930's there was no middle 
iground: one was either a liberal or a fun- 
^damentalist. Those traditional Brethren who 
jdesired a positive, forward-looking mission to 
all of society without the reactionary, mili- 
tant spirit of fundamentalism came under 
feuspicion by the fundamentalist Brethren. 
I Between 1936 and 1939 a power struggle 
in the church occurred. This culminated in 
11939 with a division of the church. The con- 
trol of the denominational organization 
tetayed in the hands of the traditional (Ash- 
land) Brethren group. Only the Foreign Mis- 
sionary Society came under the control of the 
lundamentalist (Grace) Brethren. But the 
Grace Brethren set up their own institutions 
jand adopted the name, National Fellowship 

of Brethren Churches (only recently has the 
term "Grace" been added to the official 
name). They established their headquarters 
at Winona Lake, Indiana, where they had al- 
ready established Grace Theological Semi- 
nary. Of the approximately 32,000 members 
at the time of the split, about 16,000 went 
with each group. 

A Church in Search of Itself (1940-1983) 

The division affected the Ashland Breth- 
ren far more adversely than it did the Grace 
Brethren. Those elements that added vitality 
and zeal to the church — an aggressive home 
mission program, a successful foreign mis- 
sion program, nearly all the young minis- 
terial recruits — were inherited by the Grace 
group. This fact, coupled with the difficult 
and painful task of reorganizing local 
churches, created a period of depression and 
defeatism in The Brethren Church that 
lasted until the late 1950's. However, several 
significant steps taken especially since 1960 
have given the church a fresh optimism and 
a renewed sense of its mission. 

Prominent among these steps was the or- 
ganization of Brethren Youth in 1946, which 
replaced the languishing Christian Endeavor 
program. The zeal of the youth, expressed 
through their Conventions, national projects, 
and Crusader program, began to pump new 
life into the denomination during the 1950's 
and '60's. 

The missions program was left in a state of 
disarray following the division. Two-thirds of 
the home mission churches (including all the 
churches in the Northwest, Southern Califor- 
nia, and Southeast districts) joined the Grace 
Brethren, and the entire foreign mission 
program fell under Grace Brethren control. 

In 1940 the Missionary Board (formerly 
called the Home Mission Board) was au- 
thorized to engage in foreign mission work, 
an authority it had been given under the 
original 1892 charter. C.F. Yoder returned to 

Charles F. Yoder be- 
gan Brethren mission 
work in Argentina in 
1909. Following the di- 
vision of the church in 
1939, he returned to 
Argentina in 1940 to 
begin a new work. Dr. 
Yoder also served as 
editor of the Evangelist 
from 1903-1907 and 
wrote a book, God's 
Means of Grace. 

August 1983 


Argentina this same year to open a new 
Brethren mission. In 1948 the Brethren 
Church began to work in Nigeria in conjunc- 
tion with the Church of the Brethren's exist- 
ing program. Other fields have been opened 
in India (1969), Colombia (1974), Malaysia 
(1975), and Mexico (1979). 

Home missions work was very slow to re- 
cover due to the lack of available ministers 
and the need to focus on reorganizing exist- 
ing congregations. By the mid-1950's, how- 
ever, the church had recaptured its old zeal 
for church extension. Church membership 
statistics for the period reveal a gradual in- 
crease until the late 1950's, followed by an 
opposite trend. Roll revision and the continu- 
ing rural character of the denomination have 
been factors in the decline. 


Churches Reporting 



ca. 100 














Following the division, there was a general 
feeling that the church had become side- 
tracked from its historic heritage. In an ef- 
fort to reacquaint the church with its historic 
teachings, several special publications 
appeared in the early 1940's, including an 
edition of Alexander Mack's writings and a 
reprinting of a series of doctrinal statements 
penned by the late J. Allen Miller. Neverthe- 
less, the denomination continued to be a 
church in search of its special calling and 
mission for the next twenty years. Since 
1960 a renewed interest in the heritage and 
thought of the church has begun to give us a 
new sense of identity and purpose. This re- 
newed interest was manifested by the publi- 
cation of the manual of instruction, Our 
Faith (1960), Albert Ronk's History of the 
Brethren Church (1968), the Board of Chris- 
tian Education's The Brethren: Growth in 
Life and Thought (1975), and the forthcom- 
ing "Statement of Faith." 

Paralleling this renewal of interest in 
Brethren heritage has been a growing desire 
for greater efficiency and coordination in the 
work at the denominational level. Calls by 
Conference moderators in 1945, 1949, 1950, 
and 1951 for greater coordination fell on deaf 
ears. Not until 1955 was anything done to 
deal with this great need. In that year a 
council of denominational boards, which 
would come to be called Central Council, was 
formed. The process of seeking greater effi- 

The Brethren Church Today 

District Number of (Member- Av. Worship 

churclies sliip attendance 

Florida 5 848 533 

Southeast 17 1,506 1,176 

Pennsylvania 23 2,189 1,485 

Ohio 20 2,937 1,995 

Indiana 39 5,459 4,071 

Central 5 892 438 

Midwest 6 271 276 

Southwest 3 339 188 

N.California 3 270 223 

Mission 2 86 116 

Totals 123 14.797 10,501 

Foreign mission programs are supported in Argentina, 
Colombia, India, Malaysia, and Mexico. 

The ten largest Brethren churches in 1982 were Sarasota, 
Fla. (735); New Lebanon, Ohio (572); Goshen, Ind. (458); 
Ashland, Ohio (444); Berlin, Pa. (435); Nappanee, Ind. (390); 
North Manchester, Ind. (389); Jefferson, Ind. (375); St. 
James, Md. (340); and Winding Waters, Ind. (290). 

Source: Statistician's report for the 1983 General Conference. 

ciency at the denominational level has led to 
further changes. The 31-member Central 
Council was replaced in 1978 by a 9-member 
Executive Committee of General Conference. 
In 1979 General Conference approved the 
selection of three denominational directors 
by the new Executive Committee: Directors 
of Pastoral Ministries, Denominational Busi- 
ness, and Denominational Ministries. 

Education continues to be an important 
part of our Progressive legacy. Ashland Col- 
lege saw steady growth during the 1940's 
and '50's and accelerated in the '60's. The 
drop in the national student population 
forced greater austerity in the '70's, though 
the current president, Joseph Shultz, is pur- 
suing a bold agenda including extension pro- 
grams, masters degree programs, and train- 
ing in technical fields. During the 1960's and 
'70's Ashland Theological Seminary grew 
under Dr. Shultz's leadership from the small- 
est such institution in Ohio to the largest. It 
has built a solid evangelical reputation that 
has taken the seminary from primarily a 
Brethren student body to an ecumenical body 
united by a common fellowship in Christ, j 

A better understanding of our Brethren j 
identity, more effective organization at the! 
denominational level, renewed youth and mis-j 
sions programs, and a revitalized Ashland] 
College and burgeoning Seminary have given! 
the denomination a new optimism and direc- j 
tion. The future for the heirs of the Progres- 
sive movement is bright if we continue tc> 
live our faith according to the calling God 
has entrusted to us and rely upon the wis- 
dom and power God has given us through 
Christ in Scripture and the Spirit. [t 


The Brethren Evangelisi 


Is The Brethren Church 
Still Progressive? 

by Richard E. Allison 

A PROGRESSIVE church is open to the 
future with a desire to grow closer to 
I the Lord and a hunger for new ideas and 
! practices. It seeks to know the Lord and to 
.put into practice what it knows. The designa- 
ition "progressive" arose over the issues de- 
! bated by the three factions of the church in 
the middle to late nineteenth century. 
I The Old Order were conservative in the 
[sense that they resisted any change in the 
confirmed practices of the church, believing 
that change would be destructive to the 
jchurch's fraternal nature. This position 
[found expression in the Miami Valley Elders 
jPetition. It called for the removal of the 
"Fast Element" from among them. 

High school education was opposed for fear 
it would create the desire for an educated 
ministry. Sunday schools were opposed as 
being contrary to the principles of the New 
Testament, which say that parents and not 
'others are responsible for the nurturing of 
their children. Revival meetings were op- 
posed because of the emotional pressure they 
'characteristically brought upon persons. The 
New Testament practice of evangelism, they 
claimed, was to rely on reasoning over a 
jPeriod of time. The salaried or paid ministry 
iwas opposed as being contrary to the practice 
of the New Testament. In feet washing, they 
Iwanted no change in the practice of the dou- 
ble mode, in which one person washed sev- 
eral persons' feet and another person dried 

\ The Progressives were eager for change in 
the sense that they wanted more openness to 

jthe culture in order to enhance the mission 

i -^ 

I Minutes of the Annual Meetings of the Church 
\of the Brethren (Elgin, Illinois: Brethren Publish- 
ing House, 1909), p. 375. 

Dr. Allison is Director of Doctoral Studies and 
Associate Professor of Christian Education at Ash- 
land Theological Seminary. 

August 1983 

of the church. This position was defined in 
The Progressive Christian.^ It said: 

1. The "gospel alone" contains all that is 
essential. We need neither more nor less. 
The gospel should not be displaced by the de- 
cisions of Annual Meeting. 

2. The fundamental doctrines of religion 
must be uniformly held. Faith in the Lord 
Jesus Christ, repentance toward God and bap- 
tism in the name of the Father, Son, and the 
Holy Spirit are conditions of pardon for past 
sins and membership in the kingdom of God. 

3. Trine immersion, feetwashing, the 
Lord's Supper as a full meal with brothers 
and sisters alike breaking the bread and 
passing the cup, the salutation with the Holy 
Kiss, the anointing of the sick with oil, non- 
resistance and opposition to war, non-con- 
formity to the world in dress and conduct 
were to be universally practiced. 

4. Educational enterprises, especially for 
youth, were advocated in order to prepare 
young people for the challenges of a new day. 
Sunday schools were considered important 
in order for the church to upgrade its pro- 
gram of nurture. 

5. Prayer meetings, Bible classes, mission 
work, and evangelistic meetings were neces- 
sary for the church to carry on its mission of 
reaching the world. 

6. A paid ministry would enhance the 
quality and performance of ministry. 

7. Church government should be democratic. 

8. Conferences are for social and consulta- 
tive purposes. They are advisory in nature. 

9. Publications should be channels for 
dialogue offering a free rostrum for polite in- 

The Conservatives wanted to hold on to 
the positive elements of the past and at the 

{continued on next page) 

Henry R. Holsinger and Stephen H. Basher, 
"Progressive Unity — Our Principles Defined, The 
Progressive Christian, Vol. Ill (October 7, 1881): 2. 


'For Progressives, it is tiie gospei aione ttiat is our authority. 
Wtiere ttie gospei spealis, ttiat is ail tliat needs to be said." 

same time be open to the beckoning of the 
present. This required that they proceed 
cautiously, saying, "While we are conserva- 
tive, we are also progressive." This position 
is represented by W.J.H. Bauman, who 
wrote, "I agree with the progressives in their 
principles, but don't like their spirit. The re- 
formation they are pleading for is needed but 
they are in too great haste in bringing it 
about. . . . The work must be gradually 

The clash between the three groups was 
coming. This is evident as one considers the 
following events: 

1851 — Henry Kurtz began publication 

of The Gospel Visitor. 
1852 — Jacob Miller began a high school. 
1856 — John Kline petitioned Annual 
Meeting to devise a plan for 
1861 — A seminary was begun. 

These events caused considerable agitation 
among the Old Order, who tended toward 
legalizing the forms of the past, the Progres- 
sives, who emphasized adapting to the mod- 
ern world, and the Conservatives, who 
exploited the situation to their own advan- 

Now in terms of the above, is The Brethren 
Church today still progressive? The issues 
collect around three poles.'^ But first we must 
note that the debate does not focus on doc- 
trine. The Progressives were not innovative 
but conservative in how they handled the 

The first issue is polity. The search was for 
a more efficient and effective organization. 
The Progressives sought for greater liberty. 
They wanted more freedom in practice. Deci- 
sions were to be made democratically, with 
majority rule. 

Today we are continuing the search for a 
more efficient and effective organization. The 
current reshuffling of denominational struc- 
tures is evidence of this. It is difficult to as- 
sess how much liberty of practice we are will- 
ing to tolerate. The pursuit of efficiency and 
effectiveness moves us toward more central 
control. There are those who want to be open 
to the Spirit in practice and there are those 

^W.T.H. Bauman, "Keeping Still," The Breth- 
ren's Evangelist, Vol. VI (April 9, 1884), 2. 

Dale R. Stoffer, "Progressivism — A Definition," 
Ashland Theological Journal (Fall 1982), 37-38. 

who seek uniformity. The historic Brethren! 
have lived in the tension between word andi 

The second issue is authority. For Progres- 
sives, it is the gospel alone that is our au- 
thority. Where the gospel speaks, that is all 
that needs to be said. Where it is silent, we 
should not replace it with the edicts of Gen- 
eral Conference, but allow liberty. Today we 
struggle between those who see the Bible asj 
a flat book into which one may dip as onej 
pleases and proof text to one's heart's de- 
light, and those who believe one must take| 
seriously the fact that the Bible was written 
from the perspective of several ancient cul- 
tures and must be interpreted in the light oi 
a contemporary culture. 

The third issue is that of innovations. How 
do we decide which new practices are to be 
baptized and which are to be rejected. The 
Progressives recommended altering practices 
of dialogue, dress, education, evangelism 
nurture, and ministry for the sake of drawi 
ing closer to the world and for a more effeci 
tive and efficient church 

Today we are relatively closed to most ini 
novations. We are slow to take on new veni 
tures lest we lose the "little" that remains i 
We are protective rather than venturesome 
We've lost contact with the God of might an< 
miracles. We venture forth to accomplisl, 
what we can do on our own. 

In publications we are attempting to estab 
lish dialogue, but it is a struggle since it ha 
been controlled for several generations 
Dress is not a question. Lifestyle is. Most ar 
comfortable in the simpler styles set by th 
world. In education, locally we are strugj 
gling. Our people come to worship and celc 
brate, but they don't generally come to b 
nurtured. We remain anchored to 19th cer 
tury, outmoded educational materials an 
procedures. The college and the seminary ar^ 
making a mark in the educational world thg 
is by-and-large ignored or questioned. 

Evangelistically we also struggle. Revivf 
meetings that blessed the 19th century Pn 
gressives have turned into dry cows that w 
seem unable to turn out to pasture. Tl? 
Ralph Neighbour workshops can perhaj 
point the way to becoming progressive in th 
area of church life. 

Are we progressive today or not? It d 


pends where you look. 



The Brethren EvANGELiii 

Our Centennial Churches 

Seventeen Brethren congregations still in existence today were either established be- 
fore 1 883 and became a part of The Brethren Church that year or else were begun some- 
time during 1 883. On this and the following pages, Jean Troup gives a brief sketch of the 
founding of each of these congregations and a few additional historical details about each 
church, including its membership figure as of the end of 1982. 

Ms. Troup is an Ashland Theological Seminary student and works part-time as secretary 
to the editor of the Evangelist. 

First Brethren Church of Ashland 

The first service of the Ashland, Ohio, First Breth- 
ren Church was held on May 15, 1879, when Stephen 
iBashor preached a message on the authenticity of the 
Bible in the chapel of Founder's Hall on the Ashland 
College campus. The church continued to meet in the 
chapel for the next forty-eight years. 

Though organized by Elder S.Z. Sharp in 1879, the 
congregation had no formal minister until 1923. Dur- 
ing the years without a full-time minister, the 
church's pulpit was filled by five presidents of Ash- 
land College, four editors of the Evangelist, and other 
jministers who were members of the local brotherhood. 

In 1912 and again in 1919, land was obtained and 
plans drawn for a church building. Both times, how- 
ever, the members thought it ill-advised to continue 
the project. Finally, in 1925, E.L. Kilhefner bought a 
tract of land on Park Street and offered it to the con- 
{gregation if they would construct a church building on 
it. The church members accepted his gift of land and 
ihis offer to match the congregation's giving dollar for 
liollar. The present church building was constructed 
that year and dedicated May 23, 1926. 

The church has continued to make improvements to 
its property, razing the old parsonage in 1953 and re- 
placing it with the present parsonage in 1955. Ten 
years later an educational wing was added. Other re- 
modeling has also been done since that time. 

Arden Gilmer is the present senior pastor of the 
Ashland congregation, and James Miller is associate 
pastor. Membership is 444. 

Berlin Brethren Church 

By the fall of 1880, the Brothers' Valley German 
Baptist congregation in Somerset County, Pa., had 
^own to over 400 members. So at a meeting held Octo- 
JQer 23, 1880, with Elder P.J. Brown presiding, the 
jchurch decided to divide into four districts — Berlin, 
iSomerset, Stony Creek, and Brother's Valley. H.R. 
iHolsinger was chosen to pastor the Berlin district. 

t The original "Holsinger" church building (right) was torn 
down earlier this year. The present building is at the left. 

The actual organization of the Berlin church took 
place on January 1, 1881, at a council meeting held in 
the Beachdale meeting house. On the 29th of the same 
month, the congregation made plans to build its own 
meeting house. Property on Main Street in Berlin was 
purchased from Brother Samuel Forney for $350, and 
construction began. The building was dedicated 
December 4th of that year. 

This building was used for the next 45 years, but 
eventually became too small for the congregation. So 
in 1925 a new structure was begun. The new church 
building was dedicated April 25, 1926. A number of 
improvements have been made to this building since 
1926, but it is still in use. The original church build- 
ing stood at the rear of the church lot until earlier this 
year, when it was torn down. 

The Berlin congregation has made a significant con- 
tribution to the leadership of The Brethren Church. 
From its membership eleven men have been ordained 
as elders, and three women have served as mission- 
aries. Rev. Ralph Mills has been pastor of the church 
since 1956. Membership is 435. 

lAuGUST 1983 


Brush Valley Brethren Church 

The Brush Valley Brethren Church near Adrian, 
Pa., was organized February 13, 1876, after a two- 
week revival by J.B. Wampler resulted in 23 conver- 1 
sions. The new believers began meeting in a building j 
called John's Meeting House, which was erected onj 
the property of charter member John A. John. The* 
name Brush Valley was taken when a log church j 
building replaced the original meeting house in 1878. 

The old log church was torn down when the present 1 
sanctuary was built in 1921 and dedicated February 6, i 
1922. A basement and Sunday school classrooms were { 
added 26 years later. Further improvements and addi- 1 
tions to the property were made in 1953, 1955, and{ 
1958. In 1973 an educational wing was added. i 

On August 7, 1966, The Brush Valley Church or-j 
dained Thomas Kidder into the ministry, a year after 
he was called to pastor the congregation. Rev. Kidder i 
remains the church's pastor. Membership is 157. | 

Falls City Brethren Church 

The Falls City, Nebr., Brethren Church is one of the 
oldest Brethren congregations. It was started in 1867 
when some Brethren families from Carroll County, 
111., relocated in an area near Falls City and began 
meeting for worship. They met in schoolhouses and 
other buildings and were taught by resident elders 
S.C. Stump, Wm. Forney, and Henry Meyers. 

The church grew gradually and by 1880 the country 
schoolhouse was no longer large enough to accommo- 
date the congregation. So in the summer of that year a 
40- by 60-foot church building was constructed four 
miles north of Falls City at a place known as Silver 
Creek. The church was called the Silver Creek Breth- 
ren Church. 

After the split of 1882, the Progressive Brethren 

purchased the conservatives' half ownership of the 
building and immediately remodeled it. 

In 1886 the church expanded its ministry by renting 
a house in Falls City. Sunday morning services were 
held at the Silver Creek building and evening services 
were held at the rented house. 

By spring of 1897 the congregation decided to builc 
inside the city, and the Falls City Brethren Churcl 
building was erected. It was a modern structure foi 
the time, equipped with a furnace, a baptistry, am 
plate glass windows. The congregation continued to 
meet in both buildings until 1902, when it moved t( 
the city. 

Jim Thomas is the current pastor of the Falls Cit] 
Brethren Church. Membership is 45. 

First Brethren Church of Gratis 

Early in 1883 pastors R.Z. Replogle and N.S. Worst 
began holding occasional services at the Methodist 
Church in Winchester (now Gratis), Ohio. In June of 
the same year Levi and Lorinda Barnhart attended 
the Dayton Convention representing the Gratis 
church. Later they became the first members of the 
new congregation. 

Edward Mason began pastoring the congregation in 
1885, and the first Communion service was held that 
year. The following year Rev. Mallot joined Rev. 
Mason and conducted protracted meetings. One 
hundred members were added, 60 by baptism. 

Sunday services were held in the United Brethren 
building until 1888, when the congregation dedicated 
its first church building on East Street. 

The church grew considerably during the pastorate 
of J.L. Kimmel (1901-07), when 100 new members 
were added. Then during George Jones' pastorate 
(1910-17), the church experienced another revival, 


when services conducted by W.A. Garber resulted i 
more than 100 decisions for Christ. 

(continued on next pagi 

The Brethren Evangelis 

(continued from previous page) 
Then on a windy April 9 in 1915, tragedy struck. 
The church building caught fire when shingles fi*om a 
burning barn ignited the roof. The wind scattered 
burning shingles across the town, and 39 buildings 
were set ablaze at once. In the end the newly remod- 
eled church building lay in ashes. 
Though the building was destroyed, the members 

had vision, and two days after the fire they began 
plans to rebuild. In spite of the fact that the church 
was heavily in debt for remodeling on the old build- 
ing, the new church building was completed and dedi- 
cated just over one year from the date on which the 
old building was leveled. 

The present pastor of the Gratis First Brethren 
Church is Jeff Geaslen. Membership is 151. 

Hillcrest Brethren Church 

The Brethren Church in Dayton, Ohio was or- 
ganized on Thursday, April 20, 1882. Elder J.W. Beer 
was one of those officiating when twelve charter mem- 
bers met to organize a church in the back room of the 
old German Baptist Church. Samuel Keihl was called 
into the ministry and chosen as pastor the same day. 
He served in this capacity for five years without re- 
muneration, and the congregation grew to sixty-four 

i In 1887 a court decision on property rights forced 
|the congregation to find a new meeting site. The 
church met in various rented halls and church build- 

ings until 1892, when they began meeting in a frame 
church on Clemmer Street. Seven years later the 
church bought a church building on Conover Street 
where they experienced slow but steady growth. 

On August 9, 1908, forty-two members of the Col- 
lege Street German Baptist Church joined the Breth- 
ren Church in unison. This action greatly encouraged 
the struggling congregation, and a continuing revival 
began. Elders Bell, Beachler, and Bame held revival 
services through January 1911. This brought about 
rapid growth and a need for larger facilities. 

Property was purchased on the comer of Third and 
Grosvenor Streets and a large, beautiful edifice was 
completed the following year. The dedication service. 
May 12, 1912, was held at the end of a March through 
April revival conducted by Rev. Wm. A. Garber and 
Dr. Charles Bame in which 185 confessions of faith 
were made. The membership increased rapidly and by 
1920 the church had well over 1,000 members. 

In 1939 the Ashland Brethren and Grace Brethren 
parted ways, and again a court decision on property 
rights forced the Ashland Brethren to find a new place 
to meet. On January 17, 1943, the present building on 
the corner of Hillcrest and North Main Streets was 
dedicated. In 1955 an educational wing was added. 

Dennis Wilson is now pastor of the Hillcrest Breth- 
ren Church. Membership is 96. 

Lathrop Brethren Church 

_ In 1886 Elder George Wolfe, Jr., and 17 other 
'Brethren moved from Illinois to Montgomery County, 
California. There, in 1858, they organized a church, 
md two years later they relocated in San Joaquin 
'~'ounty, near Lathrop. 

For several years the church ran Sunday school at 
j'arious locations, but worshiped in a union church 

ith members of other denominations. The Brethren 

operated and held control over the property, however. 
After the Dayton Convention in 1883, the congrega- 
tion aligned itself with The Brethren Church. 

In 1921 the church constructed a church building, 
which is still in use at the present time. A new, much 
larger building is now under construction. James 
Sluss is pastor of the Lathrop congregation. The 
church has 72 members. 

Masontown Brethren Church 

The controversy that was affecting the entire Ger- 
nan Baptist Church reached the Fairview congrega- 
ion, located near Masontown, Pa., as well. As a re- 
ult, in 1882 John and Elizabeth Sterling withdrew 
heir memberships, along with those of their six chil- 
ren, from the Fairview Church. 

li In November of 1883 revival services were held in 
he Methodist meeting house in Masontown. The 

(i neetings lasted until December 3, and 19 people ac- 

^UGUST 1983 

cepted the Lord. At the close of the meetings the new 
converts were baptized in the Monongahela River and 
A.J. Sterling was elected their pastor. 

Ground was purchased for a meeting house and on 
September 13, 1885, elders P.J. Brown and H.R. Hol- 
singer conducted the dedication service for the new 

Soon afterwards S.H. Bashor, "the most successful 

{continued on next page) 


{continued from previous page) 
Tunker revivalist in the history of the denomination" 
according to Holsinger, held a revival in which thirty 
additional people became members of the kingdom 
and the local congregation. 
The Masontown Brethren Church has ordained 

seven elders in The Brethren Church. They are: A.J. i 
Sterling, Mary M. Sterling, George W. DeBolt, Wil-I 
liam Gars, William Gray, Clayton Berkshire, andi 
Charles Berkshire. 

Robert Byler is presently pastor of the Masontown 
Brethren Church. Membership is 138. 

Main Street Brethren Church 

The Main Street Brethren Church of Meyersdale, 
Pa., originated when 26 people withdrew from the 
German Baptist Church of Meyersdale after much 
controversy. The small group met in January of 1881 
and petitioned the Berlin Brethren Church to accept 
them as the Meyersdale branch of the Berlin congre- 
gation. The petition was accepted and H.R. Holsinger, 
along with A.D. Gnagey, began to preach for them in 
Livengood's Hall every Thursday evening. 

Although the Meyersdale group attempted a recon- 
ciliation with the German Baptist Church, they were 
not successful. So they officially organized themselves 
as the Second Brethren Church of Meyersdale and 
proceeded to build a church building. They dedicated 
the structure on November 6, 1881, and commenced 
revival services the same day. At the close of the 
meetings, twelve persons were baptized and six per- 
sons joined the church by letter. 

A new building was constructed at the present loca- 
tion in 1909 and dedicated March 13, 1910, with Ash- 
land College President Dr. J.L. Gillin the speaker. 

The church grew steadily, but was seriously affected 
by the division of 1939, when the two factions sued for 
property rights. After a difficult court battle, the Ash- 

land Brethren won suit, but the church's work wagj 

hindered in the process. | 

Robert M. Payne is the current pastor of the Mairj 

Street congregation. Membership is 70. k 

Brethren Church of Milford 

Shortly after the Arnold's Grove Annual Meeting iij 
1882, a small group of believers invited "Progressive'! 
preachers to preach in Milford, Indiana. Elder Johr; 
Nicholson organized the group and established a con 
gregation in 1883. 

In January 1885 the church called its first pastor { 
Meetings were held in the Christian Church building! 
until 1886, when a brick meeting house was built j 
S.H. Bashor preached the dedication sermon on Ocj 
tober 24, 1886, and held revival services following th( 

Over the years the church experienced stead; 
growth with a marked influx of new members unde ; 
the preaching of R.F. Mallot and G.W. Rench, ami 
during revival services conducted by S.H. Bashor. i 

In an article in the Evangelist, G.W. Rench, pasto; 
from 1892 to 1900, noted that the Milford church waj 
known for discipline among her members and that "a 
least five other congregations have been organize 
through the influence of members." 

In 1980 the Milford church bought a vacant builc 
ing and dedicated The First Brethren Fellowshi 
Center. Presently the church is engaged in a buildin 
project (see the July 1983 Evangelist, p. 23). 

Paul D. Tinkel is the current pastor of the Milfori 
First Brethren Church. Membership is 94. j 


The Brethren Evangelis 

First Brethren Church of North Manchester 

Twenty-five persons under the eldership of John 
Nicholson organized the First Brethren Church of 
North Manchester in 1883. They met in the United 
Brethren Church building until July 1885, when the 
United Brethren church decided to build a new struc- 
ture. The members of the First Brethren Church 
ibought the old U.B. building and moved it to the site 
of the present building on the comer of Fifth and 
Sycamore streets. 

The church continued to grow after the move and 
experienced a thrust of growth in 1907 when I.D. Bow- 
man held a revival in which 64 people came to know 
the Lord! 

This growth helped create a need for a larger facil- 
ity. The old church building was moved to the rear of 
the lot and used while a new structure was erected. 
The building was completed in 1912 and was quickly 
filled after another successful revival resulted in 47 
additional members in 1914. 

In more recent years the congregation has taken on 
a number of building projects. In 1957 they completed 
an annex which provided space for classrooms, a li- 
brary, a pastor's study, a nursery, and restrooms. 
Then in 1978 they built another wing for more class- 
rooms, a fellowship room, and office space. 

mw f 


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From 1962 to 1982 Rev. Woodrow Immel was pastor 
of the congregation. During his pastorate, five men 
were ordained to the pastoral ministry — Larry 
Bolinger, Clarence Kindley, Richard Boyd, Mark 
Baker, and Timothy Gamer. The present pastor of the 
church is Rev. Archie Nevins. Membership 389. 

First Brethren Church of Pleasant Hill 

Around the year 1815, German Baptist families 
oegan to settle in western Miami County, Ohio. They 
first met for worship in homes, but in time they built a 
bhurch building just outside of Newton (now Pleasant 
Hill), Ohio. Later they built a new building in town. 
j Unrest within the German Baptist Church led to 
;;he withdrawal of twenty persons from the congrega- 
tion in 1874. The small group met to organize a new 
,:;hurch on July 18, 1874, at the home of Elias Teeter, 
irhey met in a rented Baptist church building and 
adopted the name "The Congregational Church." 
jElder John Cadwalader was their leader. 
i In April of the following year the Brethren pur- 
chased a lot in Pleasant Hill and constructed a 36- by 
()0-foot church building. Although many changes have 
peen made to it, the original building is still in use as 
|:he main sanctuary. 

I In 1883 the congregation consolidated with The 
Brethren Church and changed its name to The Pro- 
gressive Brethren Church. The church retained this 
lame until 1920, when it was changed to the First 
Brethren Church of Pleasant Hill. 

The Pleasant Hill building as it appeared in 1912. It has 
since been bricked, added to, and remodeled various times. 

Gene Eckerly has been the pastor since 1968. The 
church has 214 members. 

First Brethren Church of Roann 

The Roann First Brethren Church had its begin- 
lings in Miami County, Indiana. The eleven charter 
members organized at the Creek's schoolhouse on 
ilune 20, 1880, and were known as a Congregational 
jBrethren Church. 

|\UGUST 1983 

Elder J.H. Swihart held a revival service in the 
spring of the following year at Eureka schoolhouse, in 
Wabash County, south of Roann. Twenty persons were 
converted and joined the church, which began meeting 

(continued on next page) 


{continued from previous page) 
in the Eureka schoolhouse. On June 9, 1883, the cor 
gregation united with the Progressive Brethrei 

In 1890 the congregation began to build the presen 
church building, which they completed two year 
later. In 1953 the church members approved a majo 
remodeling and expansion project that would tak 
until June 16, 1957, to complete. The project include 
reversing and remodeling the sanctuary and addin 
an education annex. Most of the work was ac 
complished by volunteer labor. The sanctuary was re 
modeled again in 1965 and in 1977. 

The Roann First Brethren Church is currently pas 
tored by Jim and Jennifer Ray. Membership is 126. 

Tiosa Brethren Church 

The Tiosa Brethren Church located near Rochester, 
Ind., was organized under the leadership of J. A. 
Ridenour on December 26, 1883. The seventeen char- 
ter members met in a schoolhouse for several months. 
Then Jacob and Catherine Miller donated the land 
and lumber for a church building. The 36- by 54-foot 
structure was erected the following year and dedicated 
on October 19, 1884. Stephen H. Bashor preached the 
dedication sermon. 

The same building is still in use today, but has been 
improved and remodeled a number of times. From 
1914 to 1957 a number of improvements were made, 
including a basement, more classrooms, a new fur- 
nace, and new restrooms. The most recent building 
project took place in 1980 when the steeple and entry- 
way were removed and a new section was added pro- 
viding space for a foyer, pastor's study, classrooms, 
nursery, and restrooms. 

Several well-known leaders in the denominatioi 
have been pastors of the Tiosa Church. They includ 
H.R. Holsinger, J.W. Beer, and A.T. Ronk. Don Snel 
presently pastors the Tiosa congregation. Membershi 
is 98. 

Vinco Brethren Church 

The Brethren Church of Vinco, Pennsylvania, was 
begun by Progressive Brethren who separated from 
the Horner Dunkard Church. In 1881 the congrega- 
tion purchased the United Brethren church building 
and began meeting there for services. The congrega- 

tion grew under the early leadership of Stephen Hil 
debrand, Solomon Benshoff, and William Byers. 

In 1941 the church began an extensive remodelin,' 
project. But in the midst of the remodeling, a fir 
broke out on the evening of May 30. The building wai 
completely destroyed. Yet, shortly after the fire, Mrs 
C.Y. Gilmer wrote, "Many tears were shed, but th 
dear Brethren and Sisters are determined to carry or 
Realizing that God had preserved them through 
more serious trial they face this one with fortitude.' 

Work was immediately begun on a new stone build 
ing, which was constructed on the old foundation. Thr 
church building was dedicated May 24, 1942, less tha: 
a year after the old building was destroyed. 

A Fellowship House was built on the church prop 
erty in 1953, and a large Sunday school annex wa 
added to the church building in 1955. By 1963 the cor 
gregation had outgrown its sanctuary, and plans wer 
made to add to the building to provide a large 
sanctuary and additional Sunday school classroom; 
This addition was completed in 1965. 

The Vinco Brethren Church is now pastored by Cai 
Phillips. Membership is 267. 


The Brethren Evangelisi 

Valley Brethren Church 

The Valley Brethren Church, Jones Mills, Pa., was 
founded by Progressive Brethren as a result of the 
German Baptist controversy of the 1880's. J.B. Wamp- 
ler helped organize the group into a new church in the 
fall of 1883. 

The church met in a schoolhouse until 1885, when a 
church building was constructed on Route 711. This 
building was used until 1976, when the congregation 
built a new structure. The original church building 
still stands, but was sold and is now an antique shop. 

The church bought property on Mountain View 
Road, and construction of the new church building 
was begun in 1974. It was dedicated (debt free) Au- 
gust 26, 1976. A baptistry was added in 1980. 

Jerald Radcliff has been the pastor of the Valley 
Brethren Church since 1977. Membership is 102. 

First Brethren Church of Waterloo 

On August 21, 1883, the Orange German Baptist 
hurch in Black Hawk County, Iowa, held a council 
leeting to discuss the controversy between the Pro- 
ressive and the Conservative elements in the congre- 
ation. The discussion was heated and produced no 

A month later the council met again and decided to 
ivide the church, splitting the property between the 
vo factions. The Conservatives took the South Water- 
10 Church and the Progressives took the smaller 
leeting house located two miles west of Hudson, 
)wa. The Progressives organized into a church on Au- 
ast 27, 1883, and shortly thereafter called John 
icholson as their pastor. 

j In December the group decided that the church 
jmld serve the members better if the building were 
located in Hudson. The church had already decided to 
luild another place of worship in Orange as well, 
jnce many Brethren lived there. The latter building 
jas to be known as the Enon Church. 
I Until 1893 Enon and Hudson shared the same pas- 
\r and were considered one congregation. During 
jiese ten years the congregation was pastored by S.H. 
jashor, J.W. Swihart, H.R. Holsinger, and S.J. Harri- 

In 1889 Holsinger moved his printing business and 
;gan to publish the Evangelist from Waterloo. Many 
'her Brethren had moved into Waterloo from the 
luntry, and with impetus from Holsinger, soon be- 
ime interested in building a meeting house in the 
ty. So in 1893 the Enon Church appointed a commit- 
e to look into the possibility of building in Waterloo. 
he church house was built and dedicated free of debt 

I On January 2, 1902, a resolution was passed which 
iorganized the membership into two separate congre- 
litions. The Enon Church gradually diminished as 
ore and more of its members moved to the city, and 
1909 it disbanded. 
The Waterloo Church continued to grow and in 1913 

UGUST 1983 

a lot was purchased on which to build a still larger 
building. A new church edifice was constructed on the 
comer of Sixth and Wellington Streets and was dedi- 
cated February 22, 1914. The building has been re- 
modeled since, but is still in use. Rev. Lynn Mercer is 
the current pastor. Membership is 211. 

Brethren Publishing Company 
Annual Corporation Meeting 

The annual corporation meeting of the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company will be held Tuesday, August 9, during 
the 3:00 p.m. (EDT) business session of the General Con- 
ference of The Brethren Church. The meeting will be 
held in the John C. Myers Convocation Center, Ashland 
College, Ashland, Ohio. 

Delegates to the Greneral Conference constitute the 
membership of the corporation. 

— Gene A. G^aslen, Secretary 


■ ^ The Brethren ^ • j 



The Brethren Church 


Its One Hundred Years 

Copies of 1903, 1923, 1943, 1963, and 1983 
issues of The Brethren Evangeust. 

— Challenging Brethren to greater commitment. 
— Informing Brethren of their church's work. 

-Providing Brethren a forum for their concerns. 

-Recording Brethren life and thought. 

I .1 The Brethren ' "■ • i 


Ready to 
Continue Serving 

The Brethren Church 

in the Years Ahead 

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Learning From Our Heritage 

by Dale R. Staffer 

Reflections on General Conference 

Now that another General Conference is over, 
it is time for us to return home and ask, "So 
What? What difference did all those messages, 
reports, and business meetings make?" The cynic in 
me, looking at our past record (what about "25 by 
75'7), wants to answer with a barely audible, "Not 
very much." 

A study of the history of our Conferences reveals 
an unflattering record of decisions, policies, and 
slogans passed by the delegates but never im- 
plemented by our local churches. There must be a 
diabolical short circuit between our national and 
local bodies that is the source of this problem. Lest 
we get the idea that this problem is of recent origin, 
however, let us hear Henry Holsinger's comments 
in 1894: 

There is one thing among us which must be re- 
moved or we will disintegrate: and that is selfish- 
ness or insubordination. We go together in state 
and national conferences and resolve and promise 
to do, and then go home and obstinately refuse to 
do or even Eifford em opportunity to obey the deci- 
sions we helped to make. 

At times I get the feeling that oiu" national organi- 
zation is made the scapegoat for our problems. Let us 
remember that we are congregational in government 
and that the success or failure of our denomination 
rests not on our national leadership (who serve only at 
our pleasure), but upon us in the local church. As Hol- 
singer noted above, we are the ones who set the 
policies and make the decisions that guide our church. 
Many Brethren also have the notion that because 
we are congregational in government, we are under no 
obligation to carry out the decisions of the Conference. 
(Actually, we are not congregational, but limited con- 
gregational in government, for every church is bound 
to uphold the essentials of the gospel or face Confer- 
ence's rejection of that church's delegates). In a sense 
this idea that we are under no obligation is true, for 
The Brethren Church has always held Conference de- 
cisions to be advisory. But, we who made those deci- 
sions bear a moral and spiritual obligation to abide by 
the commitments we assumed by sharing in the deci- 
sion-making process. To interpret advisory to mean 
"not obliged to" rather than "morally responsible for" 
will certainly lead to the disintegration of which Hol- 
singer warned. 

I find it most interesting that the early Brethren 
held decisions made by Annual Meeting to be "only" 
advisory also. Nevertheless, note Alexander Mack, 

Jr.'s, comments about how his Germantown churc 
viewed the decisions arrived at by the gathered leac 

After careful deliberation the visiting brethren [el- 
ders from other Brethren churches] gave us, in the 
fear of the Lord, an advice to which they signed 
their names. We Germantown brethren [their rep- 
resentatives] also have signed in the name of the 
entire congregation, to bear witness that we have 
received their advice in submissive love and are 
willing to submit to the same loving advice, in the 
fear of the Lord .... 

When we come to Conference and vote on importai 
issues, we in a sense "sign the name of our entire con 
gregation" to that decision. 

There are two significant spiritual reasons why v 
should seek to implement decisions we have made co 
lectively at Conference. 

First, as Brethren we believe that when we a): 
proach questions with open minds, seeking the Lord 
will, the Holy Spirit will lead us to an appropriate d 
cision (based on Acts 15, especially note verse 28). ^ 
certainly do not claim infallibility, but neither shou 
we treat our decisions lightly, for as Holsinger o 
serves, that is "selfishness and insubordination" to tl 
working of the Spirit. 

Second, historically Brethren have prided ther 
selves on being people of their word. Simply to say 
word of commitment bound them before God to fulf 
the pledge. They would not have dared to bring shan 
upon their Lord by any lack of integrity or hones 
(see Matt. 5:33-37; James 5:12). When we commit ou 
selves to a particuleir policy or decision at Conferenc 
we should do so with the solemn intention of carryii 
it out. If we do not, we bring our integrity as Chris' 
people into question. 

At this Conference we made some noteworthy dec' 
sions: to commit ourselves to personal and corpora j 
revival; to engage in serious goal setting in our loci 
churches; to reemphasize church growth; to challen 
our youth by providing opportunities for ministry; 
give attention to the image we present through our i 
chitecture and landscaping; for each church to pay 
credential fees before any delegates from that chur 
can be seated; to reflect upon the implications 
Jesus' call to love our enemies. 

What difference will these decisions make? Noi 
unless all of us during this next year pledge ourseh 
and our local churches to fulfill the commitments 
which the Spirit guided us at Conference. 

The Brethren Evangeli 

Serving The Brethren Church 
throughout its one hundred years. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 


Alvin Shifflett 
Dale R. Stoffer 

Business Manager: 

Ronald W. Waters 

Editorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 


I Published monthly for The Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

One year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
100% church lists; $8.75 for church lists of 
5 or more names; $9.50 for individual sub- 

Single-copy price: 80c 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
dress from back of magazine and send 
with new address. 

I Authors' views are not necessarily those 
\ of The Brethren Church or the Brethren 
: Publishing Company. 

! Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
I dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
I with query tips is available upon written re- 
1 quest. 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
come. However, the publisher assumes 
no responsibility for return of unsolicited 
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self-addressed envelope. 

Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


Brethren at this year's General 
Conference with the symbol of 
this year's theme in their midst. 
Let us pray that this picture sym- 
bolizes what happened at Con- 
I ference, a rekindling of God's gift 
i that will spread among Brethren 
and lead to revival in The Breth- 
ren Church. 

September 1983 

Vol. 105, No. 9 

September 1983 

Rekindle the Gift of God 

Dr. Donald RInehart's moderator's address to the 95th 
General Conference of The Brethren Church. 

1983 General Conference Report 

8 Introduction 

9 Daily Highlights of Conference Week 
16 Business Sessions 

Also 1983-84 Conference officers. 

19 Brethren Youth Convention 

20 Auxiliaries 

22 Vision Presentations 

Summaries of presentations by the various boards, ministries, 
and auxiliaries of The Brethren Church, sharing their goals 
and visions for the next five years and beyond. 

2 Learning From Our Heritage 

About This Issue 

Due to the special nature of this year's General Conference 
(our Brethren "Centennial Celebration"), this entire issue of the 
Evangelist is devoted to a report of this Conference. This also made 
it possible to include summaries of the "Visiop Presentations" which 
the various boards, ministries, and auxiliaries of The Brethren 
Church shared during Conference week (see pages 22-27). 

Because of the special "Brethren Church Centennial Issue" of the 
Evangelist last month and the extended coverage of General 
Conference this month, it was not possible to include news about 
Brethren churches and individuals in either issue. Nor were we able 
to include Alvin Shifflett's regular column, "The Salt Shaker." Look 
for both "The Salt Shaker" and an extended "update" section of news 
of the Brethren to reappear in next month's issue of the Evangelist. 

Conference photos, except where noted, by Howard Mack and Dick Winfield. 

Rekindle the Gift 
of God 

Dr. Donald Rinehart's moderator's address to 
the 95th General Conference of The Brethren 

DELEGATES and friends of The Brethren 
Church: welcome to the 95th General 
Conference, which is also the Centennial 
Celebration of the Progressive Movement of 
The Brethren Church. This is a historic occa- 
sion, and I am delighted that you are present 
to celebrate the event with us. 

It has been a rewarding experience and a 
genuine privilege to serve as your moderator. 
It has been enlightening to attend each of the 
district conferences, to share in the reports of 
the ongoing ministry of the Lord's work, and 
to make many new friends across the brother- 
hood. Thank you for this opportunity. 

There are many who have been so support- 
ive of my assigned responsibilities. I want to 
say thanks to my family. Jan, my wife, has 
kept the home fires burning in my absence, 
and she has been a constant blessing in my 
ministry and a source of strength and encour- 
agement for 24 years. Our children, Melissa, 
Melinda, and Todd, have been both patient 
and understanding of my schedule, and they 
continue to be the joy of their parents' lives. 

Gratitude is expressed to the General Con- 
ference Executive Committee for the coopera- 
tion expressed in so many helpful ways. Ron 
Waters, Director of Denominational Business, 
has done outstanding work in giving atten- 
tion to the multitude of details that are a part 
of every General Conference. Ron has re- 

Dr. Rinehart is Dean of the School of Arts and 
Humanities and Professor of Religion at Ashland 

Moderator Rinehart 


mained cheerful through it all, and with our 
prayers he may even survive to see yet 
another General Conference. 

Now comes the very difficult task of at-f 
tempting to report the spiritual pulse and 
present condition of health in The Brethren 
Church. If you were at this moment to give 
me a multiple choice question which read: 
"The moderator's report on the spiritual state 
of the church is (A) an awesome task; (B) a 
formidable responsibility; (C) impossible; 
(D) all of the above;" without hesitation 1 
would select "(D) all of the above." As diffi- 
cult as that annual task remains, it must be 
attempted. i 

Let's begin by examining the scripture cho 
sen for the theme of this historic event. Paul 
wrote to Timothy, "I remind you to rekindle 
the gift of God that is within you through the 
laying on of hands, for Grod did not give us £ 
spirit of timidity but a spirit of power anc 
love and self-control" (II Timothy 1:6, 7) 
What is Paul saying? He was thankful foi 
Timothy's faith, and because of that fait! 
Timothy is reminded of God's commission t(i 
him. It is a heavy responsibility. Amonji 
other things, Paul is saying to Timothy, tak(| 
time to nurture that which is within you s<| 
that you have the strength and love and dis 
cipline to reach out to others. No new gift i, 
needed; Timothy simply needs to rekindL 
what he has already received. 

We could debate whether Paul is exhortini 
Timothy "to rekindle afresh" or "to keep i] 
full flame" this gift of God. Regardless, Pau 

The Brethren Evangelisi 


*^How often we rush off to do exciting, wonderful 
things for the Lord when we ought to be waiting for 
the Holy Spirit to rekindle the gift of God within us." 

is unwilling to accept less than a fire burning 
at full flame. 

Hence I remind you to rekindle the gift of 
God that is within you. The gift is more than 
natural ability. The charisma or gift is iden- 
tified as being in Timothy, an internal grace, 
not an external operation. The Tyndale New 
Testament Commentary suggests that "Every 
Christian minister needs at times to return to 
the inspiration of his ordination, to be re- 
minded not only of the greatness of his call- 
ing, but also of the adequacy of the divine 
grace which enables him to perform it. In- 

I deed, every Christian worker . . . requires as- 
surance that God never commissions anyone 

! to a task without imparting a special gift ap- 

jpropriate for it" (The Pastoral Epistles, p. 

Some of us may be like Timothy. We are 
timid. But the scripture says the spirit of 
power is given that we might use strength of 
character to be bold. How often have you ob- 
served the naturally timid man develop a 

I boldness that was not his own when he was 
called in the name of the Lord to fulfill a dif- 
ficult ministry? That exemplifies the spirit of 
power which Paul tells Timothy is God's gift. 


\"Brethren, our problem is that 
we often want to have the 
mastery of others without 
Grst having been controlled 
ourselves by the Spirit. 


But any demonstration of power without 
the spirit of His love is of little or no value. 
Paul's great hymn of love in I Corinthians 13 
reminds us that the speaking in the tongues 
of men and angels, possessing prophetic pow- 
ers, understanding mysteries, having a faith 
that would remove mountains, or giving 
away everything will gain us nothing if we do 
not season it with love. 

So then, we need to rekindle God's spirit 
within us so that it is filled with power and 
filled with love. And what else? 

Self-control is also mentioned. Every gift is 
divinely bestowed, including self-control. 
Richard Foster, in his book Celebration of 

September 1983 

Discipline, writes that inner righteousness is 
a gift from God to be graciously received. The 
needed change within us is God's work, not 
ours. "God has given us the Disciplines of the 
spiritual life as a means of receiving His 
grace. The Disciplines allow us to place our- 
selves before God so that He can transform 
us" (p. 6). 

Brethren, our problem is that we often 
want to have the mastery of others without 
first having been controlled ourselves by the 
Spirit. The point being that as a fire has no 
lasting light or warmth to give if it is ne- 
glected, so it is with our spiritual lives. The 
gift must be rekindled! The church, Brethren 
included, still has a great ministry to share 
with a needy world, if we will take the time 
to rekindle the gift within us. 

The Pulse of America 

As a nation we have strengths and weak- 
nesses. You are, of course, aware of the statis- 
tics that suggest that our moral values and 
character have diminished. For example, 45 
percent of all marriages end in divorce; 
350,000 illegitimate births are registered an- 
nually; 65,000 teenage abortions are per- 
formed each year; and the suicide rate has 
tripled in the last 20 years. One might then 
reach the conclusion that the American soci- 
ety is falling apart. And yet a 1982 Gallop 
Poll reflects that American values and at- 
titudes seem to be changing. Perhaps we are 
swinging back toward the more positive 
values of our forefathers. 

Listen to the positive statistics of this 1982 
Gallop Poll. Eighty-eight percent of those in- 
terviewed said they were highly satisfied 
with their marriage. Seventy-one percent 
would like to see less emphasis placed on 
money, while 76 percent wanted to see a 
greater role for religion in people's lives. 
Teenagers involved in Bible study increased 
from 27 percent in 1978 to 41 percent in 1982. 
At the same time, those involved in adult re- 
ligious education, other than worship service, 
has increased from 17 percent in 1978 to 26 
percent in 1982. Whatever the poll is saying, 
it seems to indicate the pulse of the American 

{continued on next page) 

society is again searching for moral values 
and spiritual ideals. 

Let me ask you, who do you think will 
speak to that renewed interest? 

The Pulse of the Brethren Church 

Before we answer that question, let us take 
the pulse of The Brethren Church. Will you 
listen to one more statistic, because this is my 
report on the Spiritual State of The Brethren 
Church. Listen carefully. For the first time in 
the history of our denomination our member- 
ship has dropped below 15,000 members {since 
reaching that figure early in this century — Ed.). 
What is the problem? Has the gospel lost its 
power? Is the Word void? Have we been too 
busy? Too busy with the wrong things? Have 
we forgotten about effective prayer, medita- 
tion, and Bible study? Are we involved in soul 
winning? Does it fit into our lives? 

A Call to Revival 

Last evening, if you attended the opening 
celebration of General Conference, you heard 
the spirit of Henry Holsinger call the Pro- 
gressive Brethren to pray for "A visitation of 
God." He suggested it is time for us to pray 
with the prophet Isaiah, "O that thou wouldst 
rend the heavens and come down, that the 
mountains might quake at thy presence ..." 
(Isaiah 64:1). It is imperative that we take 
seriously the exhortation to "Seek to know 
the Lord and to practice what we know." 
Brethren, we stand on the threshold of a 
second century of ministry, and there has 
never been a time when we have had a great- 
er need for revival. I am referring to the need 
of having our lives filled with the Spirit of 
God — to rekindle the gift of God within us, if 
you please. 

J.I. Packer defines revival as "a work of 
God by his Spirit through his Word bringing 
the spiritually dead to living faith in Christ 
and renewing the inner life of Christians who 
have grown slack and sleepy" (Evangelical 
Quarterly, Vol. 52, 1980, p. 3). "Taking the 
early chapters of Acts as a paradigm, and re- 
lating them to the rest of the New Testament, 
which is manifestly a product throughout of 
revival conditions, we may list as marks of 
revival an awesome sense of the presence of 
God and the truth of the gospel; a profound 
awareness of sin, leading to deep repentance 
and heartfelt embrace of the glorified, living, 
pardoning Christ: an uninhibited witness to 
the power and glory of Christ, with a mighty 
freedom of spirit; joy in the Lord, love for his 
people, and fear of sinning; and from God's 

Brethren Church Membership Statistics 


1905 —14,117 

1906 —14,968* 
1915^ — 23,044 
1921^ — 19,836 
1925 —23,556 
1930 —25,826 

1935 — 27,520 
1940 — 17,282* 
1945 — 17,512 
1950 — 18,403 
1955 — 18,979 
1957 — 19,838§ 

— 18,920 
1970 —17,114 
1975 —16,065 
1980 —15,485 
1982 —14,791 

* 777/s was the reported membership for 1906, but the statis- 
tician for that year estimated membership to be 17,000. The 
1907 report showed 17,475 members. 
t 1910, 1920, and 1965 figures were not available, 
t The marked decrease is due to the split in 1939. 
§ This is the peak membership figure since the split. 
Source: General Conference Annuals. 

side an intensifying and speeding-up of th< 
work of grace, so that men are struck dowr 
by the Word and transformed by the Spirit ir 
short order" (Ibid, p. 3). 

We are talking about "rekindling." We art' 
talking about how God makes old things new 
how God gives new power to the gospel and nev 
spiritual awareness to hearts and consciences i 
that have become blind, hard, and cold. 

God has promised us the Spirit of powers 
love, and self-control. America, and the work 
for that matter, appear to be receptive to the 
gospel. Our obligation is to wait for the re 
kindling of God's gift within us. Of coursei 
our Great Commission is to go into all theti 
world. But like the apostles, we must first 
wait to be filled with power from the Spirit or 

Dare we pray and truly seek that Grod renc" 
the heavens and come down? Remember thej 
forty days that Jesus spent with the apostles j 
after this resurrection, and how he instructec; 
them about the kingdom of God? Finally; 
they asked him, "Lord, will you at this time* 
restore the kingdom to Israel?" They soughl; 
information. Jesus promised them powers 
How would this happen? By waiting. By waiti 
ing for the Holy Spirit to come upon them ancj 

fill them with power. | 


As we stand on the threshold of a \ 
second century of ministry, there 
has never been a time when we havt 
had a greater need for revival. 

O that you and I could do that in our lives! 
We need so much to remove some good things! 
from our schedules that we might allow bet; 
ter things to fill our time. Thomas Kellji 
speaks of "the poverty of life that can resulij 
from an overabundance of opportunity." Tha'j 
is to say, by trying to embrace too many posi 
sibilities at once, a person can become im 
poverished. How often we rush off to do exciti 
ing, wonderful things for the Lord when we| 

The Brethren Evangelis': 

mght to be waiting for the Holy Spirit to re- 
cindle the gift of God within us. 

Brethren, I must be very candid. We have a 
jreat need to get ourselves thoroughly right 

ith God; that is, to truly have the grace of 
lurod at work in my life and your life. Can we 
jivait on God to begin that work in us? We 

eed to bind ourselves together in prayer 

oups to pray for a revival until "God opens 
he heavens and comes down." We also need 
o put ourselves at the disposal of God for 

im to use us as He sees fit in winning others 
o Christ. 


I I have then but one recom- 
jmendation to The Brethren 
jChurch in this centennial year 
of Progressivism. Please un- 
jderstand that my single rec- 
jommendation is not an at- 
jtempt to take the easy way 
out. I have rewritten more 
Ithan half of my moderator's 
'address within the last two 
(Weeks because I am more than 
iconvinced — I am convicted — of 
our need for a great revival 
across the Brotherhood. I still 
believe in the recommenda- 
tions that were planted in my 
[mind by the Holy Spirit during 
this year of study and travel. I 
had intended to present the 
following recommendations to 
you. That we need to: 
! (1) engage in very serious 
goal setting at the local church 

(2) re-emphasize church 

(3) find creative ways to 
challenge the very best of our 
young people by providing op- 
portunities for service and 

(4) give attention to the 
image the Brethren are pro- 
jecting, at every level, includ- 
ing architecture, landscaping, 
and maintenance. 

But I now believe with all 
my heart that our single great- 
est need is for a revival, the 
kind of revival that begins in 
each of our hearts. NOW! 

I, therefore, recommend as 
we enter our second century of 

ministry that every Brethren church across 
the Brotherhood seek a revival, that during 
this conference year every believer "Seek to 
know the Lord," and that we demonstrate a 
spirit of openness as we "wait" upon the Lord. 
I trust the spirit of openness will be evident 
as plans for revival are shared during the 
Board Vision sessions this week. 

If during this next Conference year we had 
one hundred men and women who feared 
nothing but sin and desired nothing but God, 
we would shake the world! 

May the gift of God be rekindled within 
each one of us until it is in full flame. [t] 






A series of district gatherings 
of Brethren to pray for an 
outpouring of God's Spirit. 

A time for Brethren to open their 
lives to a visitation from the Lord. 

A service of music, word, and prayer. 

Theme Verses 

Isaiah 64:1 Habakkuk 3:2 

'O that thou wouldst "O Lord, revive thy 

rend the heavens 
and come down . . . 

work in the midst 
of the years . . 


October 7 
Midwest District 

October 29 
Indiana District 

November 18 
Southeastern District 

December 2 
California District 

October 15 
Southwest District 

November 15 
Ohio District 

November 19 
Pennsylvania District 

December 3 
Florida District 

February 10 
Central District 

Place of meeting will be announced 
in each district. 

Plan to attend the gathering 
in your district. 

September 1983 

"Rekindling the Gift of God" 

The 95th General Conference of The 
Brethren Church was held in Ashland, Ohio, 
August 8-14, 1983. The theme for this, our 
Brethren "Centennial Celebration, " was "Re- 
kindling the Gift of God," based on II 
Timothy 1:6-7. 

On this and the following pages is a report 
of some of the highlights of this Conference 
and also of the BYC Convention that was 
held concurrently. It is our prayer that this 
report of the 1983 General Conference will 
not merely inform, but also play a part in 
"Rekindling the Gift of God" throughout our 

The drawing at right symbolizing the Conference 
theme was designed by Susie Rowsey, a senior art 
major at Ashland College and daughter of Rev. and 
Mrs. James Rowsey of Smithville, Ohio. 

Centennial Celebration Becomes 
A Call To Seek Revival 

The 95th General Conference 
of The Brethren Church was the 
"Centennial Celebration" of our 
denomination. The 100th anni- 
versary of the founding of "the 
Progressive Brethren Church" 
was celebrated with a parade of 
church banners to begin the 
Conference; a message by 
"Henry Holsinger" and a release 
of balloons during the opening 
service; a historical drama on 
Tuesday evening; a look at the 
present and future of the church 
on Wednesday and Thursday 
evenings; a Centennial Heritage 
Auction on Saturday; and even a 
Brethren Progressive Movement 
Centennial Road Race, also on 
Saturday. Added to this were the 
many other references to our 
100th anniversary and our his- 
tory in other Conference and 
auxiliary sessions throughout 
the week. 


But a dark cloud hung over 
the Centennial Celebration. At 
this Conference Brethren were 
brought face to face with the fact 
that ours is a dying church. For 
the first time since reaching 
15,000 members early in this 
century. The Brethren Church 
has fallen below that figure. 
During the past year the church 
had a net loss of 361 members. 
Brethren at Conference recog- 
nized the fact that unless this 
trend is reversed, The Brethren 
Church will vanish. 

Fortunately, Conference did 
not dwell on the negative. 
Rather, the sobering condition of 
the church issued in a call to 
seek revival — a revival that 
would begin in the hearts and 
lives of individual Brethren and 
spread throughout the denomi- 

This call to seek revival was 

proclaimed in Dr. Donald 
Rinehart's moderator's address 
and was echoed by many others 
throughout Conference week. Oe 
Tuesday morning, at the conclu- 
sion of the first business session 
Dr. Charles Munson, "the spirit 
of Henry Holsinger," led Confer- 
ence delegates in getting dowE 
on their knees to pray for re- 
vival. During the Ashland Theo-i 
logical Seminary vision presen- 
tations. Brethren were asked tci 
sign cards conMnitting them-i 
selves to pray daily for revival in 
their own lives and in the 
church. (A supply of these cards j 
has also been sent to everj 
Brethren congregation.) 

Furthermore, in a Conference 
business session delegates 
adopted the moderator's recom 
mendation calling upon everj 
Brethren church to seek a revi 
val, every Brethren believer U 

The Brethren Evangeusi 


•'seek to know the Lord," and all 
jBrethren to "demonstrate a 
ispirit of openness as we 'wait' 
upon the Lord." Delegates also 
[accepted four recommendations 
Ifrom Executive Committee for 
implementing the moderator's 
.recommendation (see report of 
jthe business sessions on page 
16). And on Thursday and Fri- 
day of Conference, a 24-hour 
iprayer vigil took place in which 

Brethren prayed for revival. 

In order that this vision for re- 
vival not end with Conference, 
district gatherings of the Breth- 
ren for "Revival ... in Century 
11" are being planned for each 
district this fall. The goal is that 
at least half of those in each dis- 
trict who attend worship on Sun- 
day morning (on the average) 
will come together to pray for an 
outpouring of God's Spirit on 

The Brethren Church. 

The Centennial Celebration of 
The Brethren Church became a 
call to seek revival. If, indeed, 
this call to revival results in a 
great outpouring of God's spirit 
on our church causing us to seek 
by every means available to 
reach people for Christ, the Cen- 
tennial Celebration will have 
been a great week in the history 
of The Brethren Church. 

Opening Celebration and Worship 

I The 95th General Conference 
of The Brethren Church began 
[Monday evening with an "Open- 
ling Celebration" that included a 
"Grand March" of Brethren with 
their church banners, welcomes 
tfrom Moderator Dr. Donald 
Rinehart and Brethren Youth 
Moderator Mike Funkhouser, a 
imessage by Henry R. Holsinger, 
special music by Gabriel (an in- 
strumental group from Ashland 
I Park Street Brethren Church), 
and a balloon release. Charles 
Beekley, Director of Christian 
Education for The Brethren 
j Church, served as master of 
j ceremonies. 

I Henry Holsinger, portrayed by 
I Dr. Charles Munson, reminisced 
on the formation of The Breth- 
jren Church and the part he 
i played in it. He also looked at 
the future of the church, predict- 
ing that The Brethren Church 
will survive and thrive if it 

adheres to three principles: (1) 
The Bible, the whole Bible, and 
nothing but the Bible; (2) Go on 
and seek to know the Lord and 
practice what you know; (3) By 
every means available, seek to 
save souls for Jesus Christ. 

Following Holsinger's mes- 
sage, all went outside to release 
approximately 1,000 helium- 
filled balloons bearing the mes- 
sage "Rekindling the Gift of 

God" on one side and "The Gen- 
eral Conference of The Brethren 
Church 1983" on the other. In 
this way they symbolized what 
Brethren could do to affect the 
world if they would release their 
influence for Jesus Christ and 
let it spread to others. 

Dr. Bruce Thielemann, Dean 
of the Chapel at Grove City Col- 
lege (Grove City, Pa.), was the 
inspirational speaker for the 
evening worship service that fol- 
lowed the Opening Celebration. 

Dr. Thielemann posed the 
question to members of the con- 
gregation, "Does the world really 
need a person like you?" Most 
people, even Christians, answer 
"No" to this question, he said. 
But each of us is "an original 
edition of the Creator of every- 
thing that ever was." We are 
each precious and of infinite 
value to God. 

We have all had bad experi- 

The Opening Celebration began with a Grand March (left) and concluded with a balloon release. In between, Henry 
Holsinger (alias Charles Munson) presented a message (above). 

September 1983 

ences in life, said Thielemann, 
but we should not hang on to 
things that God has forgotten. 
We go on in the power of God, 
not alone. God is always with us. 
"You can do all things through 
Christ who strengthens you." 

When God becomes crowded 
out of our lives, Thielemann 
suggests that we imagine our- 
selves sitting in a room talking 
face to face with Jesus. He says 
this will help us experience the 
abiding presence of God. 

Dr. Thielemann used Ol3mripic 
champions Charlie Paddock, Jes- 
sie Owens, and Harrison "Bones" 
Dillard as examples of how one 
person can ignite another to do 
great things through God's 
power. Dr. Thielemann con- 
cluded his message by saying 
that we are all gifted by God, 
His Spirit is with us, and we are 
empowered by God Himself. 

— Ann Miller 

Mrs. Miller is a member of Ash- 
land Park Street Brethren Church. 

Dr. Bruce Thielemann 

"Retrospect"— A Look at Our Past 

The voices of early Brethren 
leaders were heard Tuesday eve- 
ning in a historical drama writ- 
ten by Bradley Weidenhamer 
and Dale Stoffer. "The Story of 
the Progressive Brethren" gave 
present-day Brethren a chance 
to learn about our past through a 
creative and interesting medium. 

The cast of about 50 persons, 
including actors and choir mem- 
bers, presented eight scenes tell- 
ing the history of the Progres- 
sives. The play opened with an 
1851 worship service conducted 
at the Elk Creek, Pa., German 
Baptist Church. Other scenes 
demonstrated the problems lead- 
ing to the split between the "fast 
element" and the conservatives, 
especially the controversy over 
H.R. Holsinger's writings in The 
Gospel Visitor and The Progres- 

sive Christian. 
The concluding 
scenes por- 
trayed the 1882 
Annual Meet- 
ing, when Hol- 
singer and the 
were booted out 
of the Frater- 
nity of German 
Baptists, and 
the 1883 Pro- 
gressive Con- 
vention, when 
The Brethren 
Church was 

Between scenes the choir sang 
hymns selected from Brethren 
hymnals of the 19th century, and 
Elder P.J. Brown (Keith Hensley) 
shared background information 

An 1851 worship service in the Elk Creek, Pa. 
being led by Elder John Wise (Dr. John Shultz). 

H.R. Holsinger iCharles Munson), Howard Miller I Jim Miller), am 
William Spanogle (Jim Amstutz) discuss an article for an 1880 issm 
of The Progressive Christian. Ashland Times-Gazette photo by Tom Schifftei 

tying the scenes together. 

In the epilogue Elder Brown! 
urged Brethren to press on with 
the same purpose as our pred- 
ecessors. "This is the heritage we 
left for you. Whether we were 
right or wrong, our sole purpose 
was to push forward the cause o) 
Jesus Christ in our day — to labor 
under his direction through the 
Holy Spirit — to attempt to bring 
men and women to acknowledge 
Jesus as their Lord and Savior. 1 
pray that these purposes are also 
yours in the times which God 
has given you to labor for him.' 
— Jean Troup 

Ms. Troup is an Ashland Theolog- 
ical Seminary student and works 
part-time as secretary to the editor o] 
the Evangelist. 

German Baptist Church, 
photo by Jim Vandermark 


The Brethren EvANGELisii 


"Introspect"— A Look at Our Present 

f V 

The Wednesday evening inspi- 
rational service of the 95th Gen- 
eral Conference was developed 
around the theme "Introspect." 
Having looked at their past the 
night before ("Retrospect"), the 
Brethren now turned their at- 
tention to consider where they 
are at present. Rev. James Row- 
sey, pastor of the Smithville, 
Ohio, Brethren Church and the 
evening's speaker, led the Con- 
[ference in a beautiful worship 
service, which included special 
music by Polly and St. Clair 
Benshofif, "Cornerstone" (a vocal 
group from Park Street Breth- 
ren Church directed by Tom 
Schiefer), and the All Conference 
Choir directed by Charlene 

Rev. James Rowsey 

As his text for the evening, 
Rev. Rowsey chose Revelation 
2:1-7, in which Jesus both com- 

mends the church at Ephesus for 
striving to fulfill the will of God, 
and rebukes them for leaving 
their first love. Jesus called on 
that church to remember its first 
love, to repent (change its spirit 
and purpose), and finally to do 
the works which it had gladly 
done at first. 

Rev. Rowsey's challenge to the 
Brethren, as he compared our 
church to that at Ephesus, was 
to do the same: consider whether 
we have indeed lefl our first love 
and, if so, remember, repent, and 
do. May we accept this challenge 
as we look forward to Century 11. 
— James Miller 

Rev. Miller is associate pastor of 
the Ashland Park Street Brethren 


I; n. 



i t 

"Prospect" — ^A Look at Our Future 

What will it take to set a 
church on fire? With that ques- 
tion. Dr. Richard Allison, Profes- 
?sor of Christian Education at 
! Ashland Theological Seminary, 
[challenged General Conference 
I on Thursday evening to consider 
I the needs of The Brethren 

Dr. Richard Allison confers 
with Moderator Rinehart 

Church in the light of the future. 
To answer this question, Dr. 
Allison turned to the experience 
of the early church as recorded 
in Acts 2:42-47. From that text, 
he impressed five salient points 
upon his audience. 

First, in order to be restored to 
its original flame. The Brethren 
Church will need to recapture a 
vital educational experience. 
The new believers "devoted 
themselves to the apostles' 
teaching." A vital educational 
experience. Dr. Allison submit- 
ted, is not likely to occur 
through the use of the Interna- 
tional Sunday School Lessons, 
with their partial approach to 
Scripture. The need, rather, is 
for the church to be involved 
with the great themes of Scrip- 
ture, such as "the kingdom." 

Second, a vital relational ex- 
perience is necessary in order for 
the church to be afire in our day. 
Focusing on how believers in the 

early church were willing to 
share in a material way. Dr. 
Allison challenged the "crass 
materialism" of most Americans, 
including many Christians. He 
indicted some "religious" writ- 
ing, which advises people on how 
to keep their money so that they 
can survive the coming money 
crash. What is needed instead of 
such self-protective approaches 
is a recovery of true self- 

Third, the church will be set 
on fire when it recovers a vital 
worship experience. How do we 
begin our "worship" services in 
our churches? Do they prepare 
us to meet God? "The future be- 
longs to those with the highest 
commitment," Dr. Allison stated. 
That deep commitment comes 
out of a vital worship experience. 
Vital worship was compared to a 
"wilderness," a place in our 
inner beings where we are 
(continued on next page) 

September 1983 


shaped by the presence and 
power of God. 

A fourth requirement for a 
church aflame is a vital experi- 
ence of God's nearness and 
power. A true visitation from 
God is our need! We easily be- 
come guilty of trusting some- 
thing other than God (a refer- 
ence to the response of Confer- 
ence to the "1983 Peace Resolu- 
tion" discussed in Wednesday's 
business session). 

Finally, the church will be set 
on fire, Dr. Allison said, when it 

recovers a vital experience of 
evangelism. When all these 
things are present, "the Lord 
[will addl to the church daily 
those who are being saved." The 
church of today is in danger of 
an oversimplification of what it 
means to be saved, connecting 
salvation with a simple confes- 
sion of faith. The early Brethren 
had a broader view of what was 
involved in being saved: repent- 
ance (changing direction with re- 
gard to sin) and faith (which 
issues in obedience). 

It is a sobering matter to con- j 
sider that we as a church could| 
die! We have slipped below l 
15,000 members. The fire must' 
be rekindled. "Are you willing to 
pray daily for revival in ThCj 
Brethren Church, that God may{ 
visit us in His own way and set 
the church on fire?" Dr. Allisoni 
asked. If so, the prospect for thei 
future of The Brethren Church isi 
very promising! 

— Rev. Brian Moore 

Rev. Moore is pastor of the St.\ 
James, Md., Brethren Church. 

Morning Inspirational Messages 

Three Brethren pastors — 
Rev. Clarence Stogsdill, Rev. 
John Brownsberger, and Rev. 
Michael Gleason — brought 
messages during the inspira- 
tional hour on Wednesday, 
Thursday, and Friday mornings 
of Conference week. 

Rev. Stogsdill, pastor of the 
Tucson, Ariz., First Brethren 
Church, brought the Wednesday 
morning message. Using Colos- 
sians 3:1 ff. as his text. Rev. 
Stogsdill declared that "Rekin- 
dling the Gift of God" takes en- 
thusiasm. Referring to a man 
who recently won $8.8 million in 
a state lottery, he said that we 
have an inheritance in heaven 
and it ought to make a difference 
in our lives. We are to set both 
our emotions ("set your hearts," 
Col. 3:1, NIV) and our intellects 
("set your minds," v. 2) on things 
above. This will result in en- 
thusiasm. Rev. Stogsdill said. 

Rev. John Brownsberger, pas- 
tor of the First Brethren Church 
of Louisville, Ohio, spoke on the 
conflict between strong and 
weak Christians (Romans 14) 
and between those who prefer 
old ways and those who prefer 
the new (Luke 5:36-39), in his 
message on Thursday morning. 
Noting the conflict between the 
Old Orders and the Progressives 
that resulted in the division of 


Rev. Clarence Stogsdill 

Rev. John Brownsberger 

1882 and 1883, he said that 
there will always be tension be- 
tween the old and the new. "If 
we don't learn anything else 
from our past, let us learn that," 
he declared. Therefore let us not 
judge one another, for God is the 
judge, the one who decides 
whether a person stands or falls. 
But let us instead accept one 

another's differences and leami 
to live together. 

Using the Conference theme 
verses from II Timothy 1:5 and 6' 
as his text on Friday morning,! 
Rev. Michael Gleason, pastor oli 
the Pleasant View Brethren) 

Rev. Michael Gleason 

Church of Vandergrift, Pa., 
suggested that The Brethren 
Church is not dead, just asleep 
The world and its needs are 
passing us by, and we have 
sleeping sickness, he said. We 
like Timothy, need to rekindle 
our gifts. In order to react 
people for Christ and experience 
church growth, we must pay s 
price — the price of getting in 
volved in the lives of the un 
saved. Growth is possible, but it 
is also costly, he said. The Breth 
ren Church of tomorrow wi! 
either grow or sleep, depending 
on our decisions. 

The Brethren Evangeust 


All-Conference Communion 

On Friday evening of Confer- 
ence approximately 625 Breth- 
ren gathered in the candle-lit 
Convocation Center to "celebrate 
Jesus" at the All-Conference 
I Communion. Led by Elder Mark 
Baker, the Communion was 
marked by a spirit of worshipful 

A time for worship and cleans- 
ing was enhanced by special 
I music from the Summer 
^Crusader team "One Accord," 
which sang "How Majestic is 
[Thy Name." Ron Williams, pas- 
jtor of the Brethren mission 
[church in Shaker Heights, Ohio, 

played the piano during the foot- 
washing service. 

Brethren were seated at tables 
of ten, so fellowship abounded as 
these small groups shared the 
meal together. Realizing, how- 
ever, that brothers and sisters in 
the Lord have their differences, 
a time was set aside for confes- 
sion and forgiveness. Those who 
wished to mend differences or 
just share a special word with a 
friend took a piece of bread and 
broke it with that person. Oppor- 
tunity for testimonies and shar- 
ing with the whole group was 
also provided, following a special 

number by Mrs. Terri Allison. 

After the Bread and the Cup, 
Miss Becky Grumbling sang 
"When the Time Comes," and 
Elder Baker issued a challenge 
from the call of God in Romans 
12:1-8. He spoke of the need for 
revival and for laborers, and 
asked who would be ready "when 
the time comes." As a number 
responded to the call to step for- 
ward, the remaining Brethren 
stood hand in hand and sang 
"We Will Stand" as a testimony 
to their oneness in Christ and 
unity in purpose. 

— Jean Troup 

Old Fashioned Hymn Sing 

A good crowd gathered Satur- 
day evening of Conference to join 
in two hours of old fashioned 
hymn singing. Brian Harris, fif- 
teen years old, from North Lib- 
erty, Ind., played the piano pre- 
lude to begin the program. 

Following a welcome by Wor- 
ship Committee Chairman Paula 
Deardurff, Phil Lersch led the 
congregation in some Christmas 
carols, accompanied by Mrs. 
Deardurff at the piano. 

Interspersed throughout the 
program were times for everyone 
to sing favorite hymns. Leaders 
for this were Brad Weiden- 
hamer, Mike Warner, and Rod- 
ney Thomas. Accompanists were 
Paula Deardurff, Lynn Brady, 
and Janice Rowsey. Kerry Scott 
led in "lining" hymns, which 
used to be done in Brethren 
churches in the days before 
hymn books. 

Most of the districts of The 

The handbell choir from the Berlin Brethren Church presented several 
special numbers during the hymn sing. 

Brethren Church were rep- 
resented in the specially pre- 
pared selections. From the 
Florida District, the Seirasota 
Youth Choir sang "He that Be- 
lieveth," led by Mary Louise 
Robbins and accompanied by 
Jean Lersch. The selection in- 
cluded a trumpet solo played by 
Jeff Weidenhamer. 

From the Southwest District, 
"And Can It Be" was performed 
by Carl Anderson on the har- 
monica, Bill Curtis on the musi- 
cal saw, and Fran Curtis on the 

The Ohio District contributed 
a musical skit entitled "Deacons 
Meeting," starring Jim F. Black, 
Jim Miller, Joe Gilmer, Brett 
Martin, Glenn Black, Evan 
Bridenstine, Dave Crookshank, 
and Jim Amstutz. 

A beautiful program by the 
handbell choir of the Berlin, Pa., 
Brethren Church directed by 
Norman Menhom was the Penn- 
sylvania District's contribution. 

Members of the men's Ambas- 
sador Quartets of some years 
past reunited for several num- 


September 1983 


bers, accompanied on piano by 
Jean Lersch. 

An Indiana District vocal en- 
semble was directed by Sherry 
Van Duyne. And a vocal ensem- 
ble from the Lathrop Brethren 

Church led by Jim Sluss rep- 
resented the Northern California 

Music has been an important 
part of our Brethren heritage. It 
is still a vital part of our wor- 

ship. This time of praise to our 
Lord was enjoyed by all. 

— Julie Flora 
Mrs. Flora is a member of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church and teaches piano. 

Auction and Craft Sale 

The Centennial Heritage Auc- 
tion held Saturday morning and 
afternoon of Conference and the 
Centennial Heritage Craft Sale 
conducted throughout the week 
were great successes. Brethren 
donated so many items for the 
auction that instead of conclud- 
ing at 4:00 p.m. as planned, it 
continued until 5:30 p.m. (from 
11:00 a.m.). 

Gross receipts from the auc- 
tion and craft sale totaled over 
$16,000. This included approxi- 
mately $13,500 from the auction, 
a little over $2,350 from the 
craft sale, and $405 in cash gifts. 
While final figures are not yet 
available, Ron Waters, Director 
of Denominational Business, ex- 
pects the auction and creift sale 
to net about $15,000 aft«r ex- 
penses. This money will be di- 
vided among the seven projects 
sponsored by the various Breth- 

Bids are taken on 
one of the two 
quilts quilted 
during Confer- 
ence week. This 
quilt sold for 
$500. The second 
quilt sold later 
in the auction 
for $250. 

ren Church ministries according 
to the designation of the donors 
of the items that were sold. 

Appreciation is expressed to 
everyone who contributed items. 

Brethren Centennial Road Race 

A total of 132 Brethren and 
Ashland-area runners partici- 
pated in the Brethren Progres- 
sive Movement Centennial Five- 
Kilometer (3.1 mile) Road Race 
on Saturday morning of Confer- 
ence. Approximately 25 more 
took part in the One Mile Fun 
Run that preceded the main 

Two Mansfield men, Mike 
Markley and K. Scott Kutz, 
finished first and second in the 
5K race. Brethren runner Ron 
App, an Ashland Theological 
Seminary student from the 
Winding Waters Brethren 

Church (Elkhart, Ind.), finished 
third. Ron also finished first in 
his age group (30-34). 

The women's division of the 
race was won by Robin Welty of 
Wooster, followed by Julie Ring- 
ler of Cinnamon Lake. 

Ten ordained or licensed Breth- 
ren ministers ran in the 5K race, 
with a few more taking part in 
the Fun Run. Top three finishers 
among the ministers in the 5K 
event were Ron App, already 
mentioned; Denny Wilson, pas- 
tor of the Dayton Hillcrest 
Brethren Church; and Gene 
Eckerley, who recently moved 

from the Pleasant Hill, Ohio, 
First Brethren Church to the 
First Brethren Church of Ard- 
more, Ind. Eckerley also placed 
third in his age group (35-39). 

Other Brethren ministers in 
the 5K race were Bob French, 
Bill Skeldon, Ken Sullivan, Dale 
Stoff"er, Ken Hyland, Dan De- 
Veny, and Steve Barber. 

One Brethren pastor's wife 
was also a winner in the 5K 
race. CJene Skeldon, wife of Rev. 
Bill Skeldon, pastor of the Oak 
Hill, V/. Va., First Brethren 
Church, finished first in her age 
group (44-54). 

money, or labor to the auction 
and craft sale. Special thanks go 
to Auctioneer Byron Dilgard and 
his associates, who donated their 
services for the auction. 


The Brethren Evangeust 

Left photo, top Brethren ministerial finishers in the 5K Road Race were (left to right) Ron App, Gene Eckerley, and 
Denny Wilson. Right photo, Gene Sheldon receives a first-place trophy in her age group from race coordinator Fred 
Finks, as fellow coordinator Alvin Shifflett looks on. 

Sunday Morning Worship 

The Sunday morning worship 
service of conference was held in 
Memorial Chapel on the Ash- 
land College campus, with ap- 
proximately 660 worshipers in 
attendance. Rev. and Mrs. W. St. 
Clair Benshoff played an organ- 
piano prelude after which Mr. 
Thomas L. Stoflfer offered the in- 
vocation. Tom Schiefer, BYC 
Convention Choir director, led 
the congregation in singing "All 
Hail the Power of Jesus' Name," 
then the choir sang an anthem. 

Rev. Claude Stogsdill read 
from Romans 13 and offered the 
morning prayer. Rev. James R. 
Black, Director of Home Mis- 
sions and Evangelism for the 
Missionary Board of The Breth- 
ren Church, explained the pur- 
pose of the offering, and the Ben- 
shoffs played the offertory. Tom 
Schiefer led the choir in singing 
a missionary anthem, after 
which Rev. M. Virgil Ingraham 
introduced the speaker, Dr. Les- 
ter P. Westlund. 

Dr. Westlund was for 22 years 
Executive Director of Overseas 
Missions for the Evangelical 
Free Church of America. Five of 
that denomination's eleven mis- 
sion fields were started under 

September 1983 

Dr. Lester P. Westlund 

Dr. Westlund's leadership. Dur- 
ing those years the number of 
missionaries nearly doubled. 

Dr. Westlund spoke on "The 
Holy Spirit's Work in Missions," 
using two central texts of Scrip- 
ture. John 16 states that the 
Spirit's work is to prove the 
world wrong about sin, right- 
eousness, and judgment. The 
great fact of sin is that it sepa- 
rates. It separates us from God 
and from one another. The di- 
vine answer is the Cross, and 
"You have to stumble over the 
Cross if you're lost." 

Acts 13 states that the Holy 
Spirit calls and the church sepa- 
rates. The Spirit singles out per- 
sons for service, and the church 
is to set them apart. But the 

church is not fulfilling its re- 
sponsibility, although God con- 
tinues to call. "Why don't we 
have sufficient personnel across 
the world today?" Dr. Westlund 
asked. "Because the church has 
not separated them." 

As the congregation prepared 
to sing "Take My Life," Dr. 
Westlund challenged the assem- 
bly to answer the Spirit's call. 
He asked college and seminary 
students preparing for church 
vocations to move to the chapel's 
front, and for others willing to go 
to join them. In the closing mo- 
ments of the Brethren Centen- 
nial Conference, dozens of young 
people stood before the congrega- 
tion, signifying their response to 
the Holy Spirit's work. Rev. 
Donald Rowser pronounced the 

— Jerry R. Flora 
Dr. Flora is Associate Professor of 
New Testament and Theology at 
Ashland Theological Seminary. 

The Sunday morning offering 

totaled $2,939.04. Expenses for the 
Sunday services were taken from 
this offering, with the remainder 
going to the general operating 
budget of the Missionary Bo£ird of 
The Brethren Church. 



fi ^1 

Conference Business Sessions 

Perhaps the most important 
result of the General Conference 
business sessions — held Tuesday 
morning and afternoon and 
Wednesday and Thursday after- 
noons — was the action taken on 
the recommendation by Moder- 
ator Donald Rinehart. In keep- 
ing with the Conference theme — 
"Rekindling the Gift of God"— 
and the concern for revival in 
The Brethren Church that was 
prominent throughout Confer- 
ence, Moderator Rinehart recom- 
mended "that as we enter our 
second century of ministry every 
Brethren church across the 
brotherhood seek a revival, that 
during this Conference year 
every believer 'seek to know the 
Lord,' that we demonstrate a 
spirit of openness as we 'wait' 
upon the Lord." 

The General Conference Exec- 
utive Committee gave its "hearty 
support" to this recommenda- 
tion, and recommended to the 
Conference the following means 
for implementing it: 

1. That each member of The Breth- 
ren Church enter into daily 
prayer for a deep, personal visi- 
tation from God. 

2. That all delegates from each con- 
gregation gather together some- 
time this week for a time of 
prayer for personal revival and 
revival in their church. 

3. That the official board from each 
congregation hold an overnight 
retreat. The purpose of the re- 
treat would be for members of 
the leadership group to struggle 
together over God's Word — seek- 
ing to know the Lord personally 
and as a congregation; and that 
together they consider their local 
church's ministry, with special 
emphasis in these areas: 

(1) Engage in very serious goal 
setting in the areas of disci- 
pleship, ministry, and out- 
reach at the local church 

(2) Reemphasize church growth. 

(3) Find creative ways to chal- 
lenge our young people by 
providing opportunities for 


service and ministry. 
(4) Give attention to the image 
the Brethren are projecting, 
at every level, including 
architecture, landscaping, 
and maintenance. 
4. As an expression of our sense of 
urgency and our deep concern for 
revival, that we hold a 24-hour 
prayer vigil, beginning at 7:00 
p.m. Thursday and culminating 
in the Communion service Fri- 
day evening. 

Both the Moderator's recom- 
mendation and the Executive 
Committee's response were ac- 
cepted by the Conference. {The 
24 -hour prayer vigil was held on 
Thursday and Friday as recom- 

Much of the remaining time 
during the business sessions was 

taken up by elections and by 
reports from General Conference 
committees and from the various 
boards and ministries of The 
Brethren Church. Only two busi- 
ness items involved any ex- 
tended discussion, namely a 
recommendation from Executive 
Committee concerning payment 
of delegate fees, and a "1983 
Peace Resolution" from the 
Social Concerns Committee. 

Concerning the former, Execu- 
tive Committee recommended 
that the Manual of Procedure be 
changed to require that all cre- 
dential fees for a church be paid 
before any delegate from that 
church could be seated at Con- 
ference. An amendment adding 

Statistician's Report 

In recognition of the historical na- 
ture of our "Centennial Celebration," 
Statistician Dr. Jim Hollinger began 
his report with a look at the earliest 
Brethren statistical report he could 
find — that given at the 1895 General 
Conference and recorded in Hol- 
singer's History of the Tankers and 
The Brethren Church. According to 
that report, The Brethren Church in 
1895 had 138 congregations, 206 
places where services were held, a 
total of 10,031 members, and had 
added a total of 1 ,528 members dur- 
ing the previous year. 

Turning to the statistics for 88 
years later, Dr. Hollinger reported 
that as of the end of 1982, The 
Brethren Church had 123 congrega- 
tions and a total of 14,791 members. 
He also shared the bad news that 
during 1982 the church, though add- 
ing 962 members, lost 1,323 mem- 
bers, resulting in a net loss for the 
year of 361 members. 

(Anyone who compares figures from 
year to year will discover tfiat our 
statistical loss was even greater than 
361. According to the 1981 statistical 
report, the church had a total of 15,467 
members at the end of 1981. Thus the 
1982 membership figure of 14,791 
would indicate a statistical loss of 676 
memljers. The discrepancy is due to 
the fact that on their 1982 statistical 

reports some churches reported differ- 
ent figures for their 1981 membership 
than had appeared on the 1981 statis- 
tical report.) 

Doing his best to find some good 
news in the "doom and gloom" of the 
1982 statistical report, Dr. Hollinger 
noted that "biological growth" (con- 
version of children of church mem- 
bers) was up over the previous year 
(178 compared to 141); the number 
of churches having Bible studies 
was higher than last year (54 com- 
pared to 47); average attendance at 
Bible studies was likewise higher 
(1,070 compared to 673); member- 
ship in Laymen's groups was up 
(392 compared to 306); and financial 
statistics were higher in every cate- 
gory, including total giving and per 
capita giving. 

Looking for more good news. Dr. 
Hollinger reminded the Brethren that 
at the 1981 Conference, delegates 
were asked to set one- and five-year 
membership goals for their congre- 
gations. He happily reported that 
from 1981 to 1982, four churches— 
Ashland Park Street, Berlin, 
Sarasota First, and Pasadena Cen- 
tre Cristiano — had exceeded their 
goals, and ten other churches had 
come within 5 members of achieving 
their one-year goals. 

The Brethren Evangelisi 


the words "unless forgiven by 
Conference because of extenuat- 
ing circumstances" was passed, 
but after some discussion of how 
forgiveness would be granted, the 
recommendation as amended was 
referred back to Executive Com- 
mittee. Executive Committee 
later brought back a substitute 

recommendation that stated: 
We recommend that the Manual 
of Procedure be changed to require 
that all credential fees for a church 
be paid before any delegate from 
that church is seated. Each church 
is responsible for payment of fees 
for all credentials to which they are 
entitled. If payment is not received 
in advance, credentials from those 
churches will be presented to the 
Conference for its pleasiu-e in seat- 
ing their delegates. 
This recommendation was read- 
ily adopted. 

Much of the debate on the 
Peace Resolution focused on 
three paragraphs that encour- 
aged Brethren to oppose our na- 
tion's preparations "to 'take up 
nuclear arms' against today's 
enemies." A number of delegates 
spoke in opposition to this part 
of the resolution arguing that 
our nation's nuclear arms are in- 
tended for defensive not oflfen- 
sive purposes, and that they are 
necessary in order to maintjiin 
peace in the world. When it be- 
came obvious that the resolution 
as written had little chance of 
gaining acceptance, a motion to 
amend the resolution by deleting 
the three paragraphs that re- 
ferred to nuclear weapons was 
made and passed. The resolution 
as amended was then accepted 
by the Conference. It reads as 

Be it resolved that this 95th Gen- 
eral Conference of The Brethren 
Church, meeting in Ashland, Ohio, 
August 8-14, 1983, reaffirm the 
commitment our Brethren Church 
has had since its beginning to op- 
pose violence and war. The Scrip- 
tures and the life of Jesus are the 
basis for our belief (Matt. 5:9; 
Luke 19:42; John 14:27; Rom. 
12:14-21; Phil. 2:5) 

We remember the call of Jesus to 

respond in love. In love, we must 

build relationships with those we 

{continued on next page) 

September 1983 

Conference Officers 

Chaplain Eugene Beekley was 
installed as the new General Con- 
ference moderator at the conclud- 
ing business session of this year's 
Conference. Chaplain Beekley will 
serve as chairmEin of the General 
Conference Executive Committee 
throughout the year and chair 
business sessions at the 96th Gen- 
eral Conference next August. This 
is his second term in this office, 
having also served as moderator in 

Now retired, Beekley served six 
Brethren churches £ind 20 years as 
an Air Force chaplain during his 
years of pastoral ministry. He pas- 
tored the Glenford, Ohio; Brush 
Valley, Pa.; West Alexandria, 
Ohio; Canton, Ohio; and Warsaw, 
Ind.; Brethren chiu*ches before en- 
tering the chaplaincy in 1953. Fol- 
lowing his retirement from the Air 
Force in 1973, he served six years 
as pastor of the Ashland Park 
Street Brethren Church before re- 
tiring from the pastoral ministry 
in 1979. 

Chaplain Beekley and his wife, 
Peggy, are the parents of two sons. 
Their older son, Charles, is Direc- 
tor of Christian Education for The 
Brethren Church. 

Rev. Arden E. Gilmer, who fol- 
lowed Chaplain Beekley as pastor 
of the Ashland Park Street Breth- 
ren Church, v^dll also succeed him 
as moderator. Rev. Gilmer was 
chosen moderator-elect by this 

year's Conference delegates. 

Gilmer, son of Rev. and Mrs. 
Herbert Gilmer, is a graduate of 
both Ashland College and Ashland 
Theological Seminary. Following 
seminary graduation he served 
from 1968-75 as pastor of the 
Pleasant View Brethren Church, 
Vandergrift, Pa. He left that pas- 
torate to become Director of Home 
Missions for The Brethren Church, 
a position he held until 1979, 
when he answered a call to the 
Park Street Church. He still 
serves the Missionary Board as 
first vice president, and during the 
past year he was the General Con- 
ference statutory agent. 

Gilmer £ind his wife, Roberta, 
are the parents of three sons — 
John, who is married and a stu- 
dent at Ashland College; and 
Joseph and Jeffrey, students in the 
Ashland City Schools. 

Only one other person was 
newly elected to the General Con- 
ference Executive Committee. 
That was Dr. John C. Shultz, who 
replaces Gilmer as statutory 
agent. Dr. Shultz is Assistant Pro- 
fessor of Pastoral Coimseling at 
Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Re-elected to their respective of- 
fices were Fred D. Horn, Sr., sec- 
retary; Grace Grumbling, assistant 
secretary; Rodger Geaslen, treas- 
urer; James F. Black, assistant 
treasurer; and Dr. James Hol- 
linger, statistician. 

Outgoing moderator Donald Rinehart (left) passes responsibility on to the new 
moderator, Eugene Beekley. Other officers standing behind them during the in- 
stallation service are (left to right) Grace Grumbling, Fred Horn, Sr., Rodger 
Geaslen, James F. Black, James Hollinger, and Arden Gilmer. 


now see as enemies. In love, we 
must feed the hungry, clothe the 
naked and free the captives of our 
world, and not build ever more 
deadly instruments of destruction. 
In love, let us pray for the leaders 
of the world, that they may see 
clearly the paths toward peace. 

Be it also resolved that The 
Brethren Chvu-ch take an active 
part in educating itself about other 
nations and other peoples, even 
those who threaten us. Then we 
might learn to respect each other 
and abandon the fears brought 
about by stereotypes. With today's 
technology we are drawn together 
around the world until we simply 
live in a Global Village. Let us ask 
God to teach us how to love the 
enemies in our village. 

Be it further resolved that we re- 
flect on the following questions: 
What is our witness? Do we believe 
force is more powerful than the 
love of Jesus? 

Other actions taken by Confer- 
ence included the following: 

Established a five-member 
Peace Committee. 

Extended terms of Confer- 
ence officers (except moderator 
and past moderator) from one 
year to three years. (The moder- 
ator-elect will be elected annu- 
ally for a three-year term, serv- 
ing one year each as moderator- 
elect, moderator, and past moder- 
ator.) No person may serve on 
Executive Committee for more 
than three consecutive years. 

Heard Conference Treasurer 
Rodger Geaslen report that 

calendar year 1982 was marked 
by a loss of $9,159.29, reducing 
the unrestricted reserves of The 
Brethren Church, Inc., by over 
47%. Receipt of only 86% of pro- 
jected apportionments was the 
primary source for the loss. (This 
was only 80% of what could have 
been realized if all churches had 
paid their full share. Over 13% 
of Brethren congregations made 
no contribution toward their 
1982 apportionment.) 

Increased Conference dele- 
gate fees from $10 plus $5 travel 
subsidy to $22 plus $5 travel 

Accepted the following 1984 
General Conference budget: 

Anticipated Income 

Credential fees 


($22 for 580 delegates) 

Anticipated Expenses 


$ 2,700 





Executive Committee 









Miscellaneous Program 



Administrative Time 


Miscellaneous Office 



Conference Committees 


Total Anticipated Expenses 


Accepted the following 1984 
Brethren Church National Office 

Business Session Notes 

During the Thursday afternoon busi- 
ness session, the National Laymen's 
Outstanding Achievement Award 

W£is presented to the Pasadena His- 
panic Church, Centro Cristiano Para 
La Familia. The church was recognized 
for achieving the greatest growth in 
1982 with the least money expended. 
Laymen's President Jim Payne pre- 
sented the award to Rev. Juan Carlos 
Miranda, pastor of the congregation. 

Bessie Grove, 96, a member of the 
Brighton Chapel Brethren Church, was 
recognized during the Thursday busi- 
ness session as the oldest person at- 
tending this year's Conference. Mrs. 
Grove commented that she has been a 
member of The Brethren Church all 
her life and is proud of it. 

Rev. L.V. King (photo above) was 
honored as the oldest Brethren elder 
attending this year's Conference. Rev. 
King celebrated his 89th birthday on 
Friday of Conference. (The oldest liv- 
ing Brethren elder is Rev. D.C. White, 
99, of Berlin, Pa.) 

budget, which includes main- 
taining the current apportion- 
ment of $5.75 per church growth! 
index point: 

Anticipated Income 

Apportionment $53,000 

Miscellaneous Offerings 400 

Bequests 2,500 


Earned Interest 

Total Anticipated Income 





Anticipated Expenditures 

Pastoral Ministries $34,035 

Information Services 4,060 

Church Relations 3,885 


Services 29,895 

Denominational Business 

Administration 13,725 

Total Anticipated 
Expenditures $85,600 

Established a six-member 
Evangelism Committee (five 
elected members plus the Di- 
rector of Home Missions and 
Evangelism as an ex officio 

Accepted the following rec-( 
ommendation from Executive 
Committee concerning the "Cen- 
tennial Statement" prepared byi 
the Statement of Faith Task 
Force, with the understanding 
that some minor revisions wil] 
be made as a result of the discus- 
sion of the "Statement" or 
Thursday morning of Confer 
ence. (The "Centennial State 
ment" appeared on pages 12-11 
of the June Evangeust.) 
With the understanding that this 
document is not intended to be a 
written creed, but is a testimony of 
the faith and life of The Brethren : 
Church at this milestone in our 
history, we, the 95th General Con- 
ference, accept this "Centennial 
Statement" and acknowledge with 
deep appreciation the labor of love 
performed by those who prepared 
this statement. 

Set August 13-17, 1984, as tht 
dates for the next (^neral Con J 
ference, to be held at Ashland" 
Ohio, with the theme "Seekinj 
to Know the Lord"— Isaiah 64:1 
A total of 490 delegates regis 
tered for the Conference busii 
ness sessions. 


The Brethren Evangelist i 


Brethren Youth Convention 

The youth of The Brethren 
Church had a great week of 
celebration on the occasion of the 
100th anniversary of the Pro- 
gressive Brethren Movement. 
The week was filled with special 
events that contributed to a 
memorable experience for all 
who attended. 

One of the most exciting facts 
iabout the '83 BYC Convention 
was the attendance: close to 250 
youth attended . . . and every 
district was represented. The 
250 figure represents the highest 
attendance in a number of years. 

Two concerts highlighted the 
iveek. Tuesday evening the 
y^outh were inspired and chal- 
enged by TRUTH, and Saturday 
light they were stirred by the 
contemporary Christian music 
^roup GLAD. Both evenings 
^ere a celebration in music of 
;he message of Jesus, dem- 
'mstrated in the work of the 
BYC. Both concerts also were 
open to the public, and several 
:)eople from as far away as 
i^lyria, Ohio, attended. 

Spiritual growth opportunities 
vere an important part of the 
jveek in two ways: 
1 1. Phil Bender, a YFC worker 
irom Elkhart, Indiana, brought 
nessages on Thursday and Fri- 
jlay morning. His messages were 
'narked by open Bibles, as he 
'ind the youth studied God's 

New BYC officers 

are (left to right) 

Mitch Funkhouser, 

vice moderator; 

Dave Slabaugh, 

moderator; JoLinda 

Ellis, assistant 

secretary; Dave 

Logan, statistician; 

Mark Robison, 

treasurer; and 

Gerri Anne Barger- 

huff, secretary. 

word for the answers it provides 
to life's challenges. 

2. Friday evening the BYC 
participated in the All Confer- 
ence Communion Service, at the 
conclusion of which many com- 
mitments to full-time work were 
made. Following the Commun- 
ion Service, the youth gathered 
around a campfire for testimony 
and singing. Phil Bender again 
was the leader of this inspiration 

"Superfellowship" appeared on 
the 1983 schedule again. This is 
an informal time of singing, tes- 
timony, and fellowship lasting 
until the late hours. These ses- 
sions were held in the Salt Cel- 
lar in the Ashland College 
chapel. Monday night's gather- 
ing was highlighted by a Sundae 
Bar, presented by Ashland's 
Friendly Restaurant. 

Business sessions were well- 

About 50 youth participated in the All-BYC Choir that sang during the 
'unday morning worship service. 

September 1983 

attended and smoothly run. 
Moderator Mike Funkhouser 
and his officers presented a care- 
ful agenda of business important 
to the BYC. As usual, the BYC 
business sessions were marked 
by an openness and calm that 
speaks well for the "young 

As ingathering checks con- 
tinue to arrive weeks after the 
Convention, the total given by 
BYC groups toward the In- 
gathering has approached the 
$12,000.00 level. 

In the elections, Dave Sla- 
baugh was named new BYC 
moderator. The other officers 
elected were Mitch Funkhouser, 
vice moderator, Mark Robison, 
treasurer; Gerri Anne Barger- 
huff, secretary; JoLinda Ellis, 
assistant secretary; and Dave 
Logan, statistician. 

The Home Mission church in 
Shaker Heights, Ohio, was 
selected as the project for the 
1983-84 year. 

The youth participated in the 
Sunday morning worship service 
in a special way: the All-BYC 
Choir provided the special music 
for the service. About 50 young 
people offered their voices in 
musical praise to conclude a very 
special week for the BYC. 

— Charles Beekley 

Mr. Beekley is Director of Christian 
Education for The Brethren Church. 


I i'l 

Auxiliary Sessions 

National Laymen's Organization 

Business was the primary 
focus of the National Laymen's 
Organization sessions at Confer- 
ence. One major item of business 
was proposed changes to the or- 
ganization's constitution. These 
changes were discussed during 
the Tuesday session and ap- 
proved on Wednesday. 

Also on Wednesday, the 
Laymen had their Projects In- 
gathering, with $2,202 brought 
in that day. An additional $450 
was received on Thursday and 
Friday. This, plus what had been 
received before Conference, 
brought the total Projects In- 
gathering as of the end of Con- 
ference to $3,115. 

Officers were elected on 
Thursday, with the following re- 
sults: Jim Payne, president; 
Richard Morris, first vice presi- 
dent; Terry Voorhees, second 
vice president; Harold Baker, 
secretary; Norman Grumbling, 
Jr., assistant secretary; Charles 
King, treasurer; and Carl 
Shirar, assistant treasurer. 

Rev. James Black, Director of 
Home Missions and Evangelism 
for The Brethren Church, also 
gave an inspirational and chal- 
lenging message during the 

Thursday session. He shared 
three of the fifteen affirmations 
issued at the recently completed 
Amsterdam International Confer- 
ence for Itinerant Evangelists. 
One of these was an affirmation 
of commitment to the Great Com- 
mission involving a willingness 
to go anywhere, do anything, and 
sacrifice anything God requires 
to fulfill that Commission. 

During the Friday session, the 
Laymen approved projects for 
1984. They are: 

Scholarships for Brethren Students 
Ashland Theological 

Seminary $1 ,000 

Ashland College 1 ,000 

Growth Partners Club 40 

Brethren Publishing Co. 
Endowment Fund 500 

Ashland College Campus 
Ministry 2,500 

Riverside Christian Training 
School 500 

The first $2,000 received is to 
go toward the scholarships, the 
next $40 to the Growth Partners 
Club, the next $500 to the Pub- 
lishing Company Endowment 
Fund, and the balance received 
is to be prorated on a percent- 
age basis. 

Curt Hamel, William Kemer, 
and Juan Carlos Miranda also 

made brief presentations during 
the Friday Lajonen's session. 

Mr. Hamel gave a brief de- 
scription of AWARE Foundation, 
which he is organizing. AWARE 
stands for Always Willing And 
Reliable Employees, and is de- 
signed to help physically and/or 
mentally handicapped people in 
their own businesses. 

Rev. Kemer, Director of Pas- 
toral Ministries for The Breth- 
ren Church, spoke on starting 
lay shepherding programs in the 
church. He recommended two 
helpful books for such a pro- 
gram, Lay Shepherding by 
Rudolph E. Grantham and How 
to Start Lay -Shepherding Minis- 
tries by Charles A. Ver Straten. 

Rev. Miranda spoke on the 
Spanish Radio Ministry con- 
ducted by his wife, noting that it 
is now heard in 11 countries on 
33 radio stations and in all of 
South America by short wave 
radio. He also told of a new five- 
minute daily radio program that 
is to begin October 1, which will 
air on 400 stations in South and i 
Central America. | 

Average attendance for the , 
four sessions was 53, with 71 ; 
men presenting credentials. I 

National IVIinisterial Association 

Brethren pastors and elders 
looked at the subjects of income 
taxes and the ordination of 
women and took care of associa- 
tion business during the Na- 
tional Brethren Ministerial As- 
sociation sessions at General 

Mr. Rick Ullery, a CPA fi-om 
Elkhart, Ind., and a member of 
the Winding Waters Brethren 
Church, led the discussion of "In- 


come Taxes for Clergymen." This 
Wednesday afternoon session fo- 
cused primarily on how pastors 
can best make use of exemptions 
available to them and precau- 
tions they should take so that 
they have proper records in case 
they are audited. 

On Friday afternoon Jack 
Oxenrider, Terry Lodico, Gene 
Eckerley, and David Kemer pre- 
sented summaries of papers they 

had prepared on the subject of 
ordination of women. Both Jack I 
Oxenrider and David Kemer; 
took a position favoring women's I 
ordination, while Terry Lodico 
and Gene Eckerley took an op-j 
posing position. | 

Because of the lack of a uni-| 
fied mind on this subject, thej 
members of the National Min- 
isterial Association voted to; 
"give the next year to the con-i 

The Brethren Evangelist; 


tinued study of the issue of the 
ordination of women, that the 
1984 Pastors' Conference be de- 
voted to that study, that position 
papers be written and published 
prior to that conference, and that 
the ministerium seek to arrive 
at a consensus on that issue as a 
result of the study." 

Other items of note from the 
Ministerial Association sessions 
include the following: 

Association officers Alvin Shiff"- 

lett (president), Gerald Barr 
(secretary-treasurer), and Rich- 
ard Graver (assistant secretary- 
treasurer) were returned to of- 
fice for another year. 

Dale Ru Lon, chairman of the 
Board of Trustees of the Retire- 
ment Fund, announced that hos- 
pitalization insurance rates for 
pastors in the Brethren Health 
Gare Plan will increase by 15% 
in 1984 to $60 per month for 
a single individual, $180 per 

month for a family, and $25 per 
month for a person over 65. 

President Alvin Shifflett re- 
ported that Roger Stogsdill, a 
Brethren semineiry student from 
Tucson, Ariz., will receive the 
Ministerial Association scholar- 
ship of $500 for 1983-84. 

The 1984 Pastors' Conference 
committee announced that the 
1984 Conference would be held 
in Ashland, with dates and de- 
tails to be given later. 

Woman's Missionary Society 

In celebration of our Brethren 
' centennial year, each of the four 
iWMS sessions during Gonfer- 
jence week included a h)min from 
a German Baptist hymn book 
I compiled in 1882-83, and a first- 
person historical presentation 
called "Reflections fi^om the Sis- 
|ter's Society of Christian En- 
deavor" (SSCE, forerunner of the 

Jessie Solomon portrayed Rev. 
Mary Melinda Sterling, founder 
I and first president of the SSCE, 
I during the first "Reflections" 
presentation on Tuesday after- 
noon. On Wednesday afternoon 
lEdna Logan acted the part of 
iRev. Laura Grossnickle Hedrick, 
another president of the SSCE 
I who also served as a pastor. Rev. 
Mary Melissa Wagoner Bauman, 
founder of the forerunner of Sis- 
terhood, was played by Peggy 
Beekley. And Rev. Vianna Det- 
'wiler, missionary and church 
(planter, was portrayed by 
SBertha Wyatt. 

i Another highlight of Tues- 
jday's agenda was the President's 
Challenge. President Pauline 
BenshofF recounted many ac- 
complishments of the society 
since its founding, especially em- 
phasizing WMS support for 
theological training and mission 
work. Mrs. BenshofF challenged 
the women to keep their inward 
spiritual fervor which expresses 
Itself in outward actions and to 

leave a legacy for the next 100 
years by using God's gifts for 
new achievements. 

Also on Tuesday the women 
accepted a two-year project to 
support church extension in Co- 
lombia, beginning at Bogota. 

Wednesday's session began 
with the annual memorial serv- 
ice. Then Director of Home Mis- 
sions and Evangelism Rev. 
James Black spoke on "Why 
WMS?" Rev. Black challenged 
the WMS to keep its missionary 
emphasis. The session closed fol- 
lowing elections. 

The Thank Offering Ingather- 
ing was held during Thursday's 
meeting, and $9,475.91 was col- 
lected. Then the officers for 
1983-84 were announced: Donna 
Stoffer, president; Judi Gentle, 
vice president; Dorothy Car- 
penter, treasurer; JoAnn Sea- 
man, assistant treasurer; Paula 
Deardurff, financial secretary. 
Other appointed officers are: 
Trudy Kemer, general secretary; 
Linda Geaslen, assistant general 
secretary; Helen Shively, litera- 
ture secretary; Jessie Solomon, 
assistant literature secretary; 
Grace Grumbling, Outlook 
editor; Bonnie Summy, subscrip- 
tion secretary; Ellen Clough, 
sewing and World Relief co- 
ordinator; and Susie Black, 
second vice president in charge 
of Sisterhood. 

The annual noon luncheon 

was held Friday with approxi- 
mately 275 women present. Dur- 
ing the luncheon Joan Ronk was 
honored for 20 years of service as 
the WMS representative to the 
Missionary Board. Also honored 
was Mrs. Pauline BenshofF, who 
is retiring after six years as 
WMS president. Rev. Virgil In- 
graham, General Secretary of 
the Missionary Board, wjis the 
luncheon spejiker. 

During the business session on 
Friday officers were installed 
and the Project Offering was in- 
gathered, totaling $9,158.97. 
This money will be used in a 
revolving fund to help build 
church buildings in Mexico. 

Daily devotions for the WMS 
sessions were led by Mrs. Donna 
StofFer. Using the WMS theme 
acrostic as the basis for her devo- 
tions, her daily topics were re- 
kindle, love, discipline, and 

A total of 19 officers, 136 dele- 
gates, and 54 guests registered 
for the 1983 WMS sessions. 

— Jean Troup 

Conference historical note: 

HelcD Sbively, WMS literature sec- 
retary, wa^ recognized during the 
Thursday afternoon Conference busi- 
ness session for having missed only 
one General Conference during her 
lifetime (her parents brought her as a 
baby). She has attended 65 Brethren 
General Conferences. 

'September 1983 


Vision Presentation s 

During this year's ''Centennial 
Celebration" Conference, when 
Brethren were looking back at their 
beginning as a denomination and 
their 100 years of history, they also 
took a look forward at what The 
Brethren Church in the Lord's 
strength might accomplish in the 

years ahead. 

They were led in this forward 
look by representatives of the vari- 
ous boards, ministries, and aux- 
iliaries of the church in daily Vis- 
ion Presentations. During these 
presentations, the various agencies 
shared their goals and visions for 

the future, particularly for the next 
five years. 

In order that all Brethren might 
be aware of these goals and visions 
and have a part in them, summaries 
of these Vision Presentations are 
being shared on this and the fol- 
lowing pages. 

World Missions 

Our missionary vision reaches 
beyond sight or sound or touch! 
Our Lord would have ours to be a 
look of faith, beholding people 
everywhere who need salvation 
and eternal life, available solely in 
Jesus Christ. 

Looking upward ... we thank 
God for the privilege of hearing 
the gospel, for the gift of eternal 
life in His Son, and for being ac- 
cepted in the family of God. We 
praise our Lord for His ministry to 
us and through us in The Brethren 
Church. We accept from Him the 
Great Commission ... to go and 
make disciples of all nations. We 
acknowledge that we have been 
less than fully obedient to this 
task. Our prayer is for revival, for 
fanning into flame the gift of God, 
and for giving ourselves without 
reservation to reaching the un- 
reached for Him in our generation. 

Looking outward ... we re- 
view the missionary ministries of 
The Brethren Church outside our 
national borders. Just 35 years 
ago we renewed our worldwide 
missionary commitment, sending 
personnel to work with young na- 
tional churches in Nigeria and 
Argentina. Over the past thirteen 
years we have opened additional 
mission fields: in India (1970), in 
Colombia (1973), in Malaysia 
(1974), and in Mexico (1979). Our 
field strategies have been modified 
to multiply our outreach, concen- 
trating on people and evangeliza- 
tion programs without costly in- 
stitutions, and renting rather than 
buying facilities and properties 
wherever possible. Our work force 
of missionary families has been 
kept to a minimum in order that 
The Brethren Church might be 
witnessing to unreached people in 
more countries, also being more 
flexible and mobile for missionary 

work amid unsettled, often vol- 
atile, political and economic condi- 

Looking forward ... we see 
the need for five committed mis- 
sionary couples or mature single 
people within the next five years. 
In this centennial year, we have 
only one couple who are candi- 
dates in training. We see ten com- 
mitted missionary units available 
for strengthening our missionary 
ministries in the five countries of 
Latin America and Asia, caring 
for replacements and providing 
enablers in areas having a grow- 

ing response to the gospel. We see 
another country in Latin America 
as a Brethren mission field — in 
Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, or Ven- 
ezuela. We also see a missionary 
beachhead in Europe — in France, 
Spain, Germany, or Holland. All 
this within the next decade. 

Looking forward ... we see 
Gk)d's response to our prayers for 
sending us a revival, filling usi 
with His Spirit, enhancing and' 
empowering our witness for Jesus 
Christ as the overflow of His abid-1 
ing presence in every part of ouri 
lives and being. i 

Brethren Publishing Company 

Our reason for being: 

To honor God in all our ac- 
tivities through our relationships 
to our employees, through our re- 
lationships to the church, and 
through our relationships to the 
world; and 

To encourage learning, disci- 
pleship, and development of Chris- 
tian thought in The Brethren 
Church through the effective dis- 
tribution of ideas and information. 

We believe our purpose can 
best be fulfilled during the next 
five years by: 

1. Getting The Brethren 
Evangelist into every Brethren 
home. Specific strategies include — 
encouraging gift subscriptions, 
promoting 100% church lists 
among our congregations, offering 
to send a supply of Evangelists to 
churches for promotional purposes. 

2. Introducing a new Brethren 
adult study series in the fall of 
1984. Purpose — to provide an elec- 
tive study by Brethren writers on 
subjects where The Brethren 
Church can speak specifically. 
Goal — to produce two studies per 

year, including teacher's guide. 

3. Promoting the Brethren Pub- 
lications/Home Missions Endow-! 
ment Fund as a means of perma- ! 
nently supporting our denomina- 
tional publication. Goal — $125,000 
in additional pledges/gifts at the 
end of the five-year period, with 
yearly goals of $25,000. This 
would bring the total fund tc 
$200,000, nearly one-half of thej 
way to our ultimate goal oi! 

4. Improving the quality and ef i 
ficiency of our printing depart- 1 
ment. Specific strategy — to pur- 
chase a new camera in 1983 and £ i 
good, pre-owned, large offset press: i 
in 1984. ! 

5. Building sales of products 
and services related to our tax, 
exempt purpose and increasing 
our non-related printing sales as fi 
basis for helping us accomplisli 
our purpose of ministry for Th(j 
Brethren Church. 

6. Exploring the special opporl 
tunities for expanding curriculun; 
offerings through video tapes an(| 
computer software. 


The Brethren Evangeli&j 

Vision Presentations 

Home Missions 

The future is in the hands of the 
Lord. But if He withholds His re- 
turn and if He so permits, we will 
see growth in every area of Home 
Missions. A minimum of 25% 
Growth in the number of congrega- 
tions is a realistic goal for the next 
iecade. We should anticipate at 
least two new districts and greater 
involvement with Hispanics and 
Ithe Hidden Peoples within the 

But how does it happen? Per- 
sonnel are being recruited and 
'trained, areas are being surveyed, 

materials are being designed, and 
districts are accepting the chal- 
lenge of greater involvement in 
church planting. The Pennsyl- 
vania District is committed to 
planting a new church within a 
year; the Southwest District, small 
as it is, has committed itself to 
growth. The Southeastern District 
actively searches for a church 
planting location, and other dis- 
tricts are in varying stages of 
planting planning. We are also 
committed to helping small and 
struggling congregations, provid- 

Ashland Theological Seminary 

ATS, recognizing with concern 
he non-growth situation of The 
Brethren Church, convened a town 
neeting for the General Confer- 
3nce audience and presented a 
|ieed for a "Call for Revival." 

Using Isaiah 64:1 as a plea for 
God's visitation, the faculty of 
j\TS shared various concerns in 
l:he life of The Brethren Church, 
ii'or example, in the past 30 years 
30,000 people have been won to 
ifhe Brethren Church. In the same 
oeriod more than that number 
liave been removed from the rolls 
jhrough roll revision. In the same 
'jO-year period, 30 new churches 
vere begun, but yet the church 
istands at one less in total count 
*han in 1981. For the first time in 

80 years. Brethren membership 
has dropped below 15,000. 

In the town meeting format, 
members of the audience re- 
sponded with enthusiasm to the 
"Call for Revival." Century II com- 
mitment cards were passed out to 
all present, giving them an oppor- 
tunity to commit themselves to 
personal revival and to pray for re- 
vival in The Brethren Church. 

The meeting was closed with a 
positive emphasis on the message 
of The Brethren Church, its belief 
in and practice of the gospel. Each 
district will be contacted in the 
near future to organize district- 
wide gatherings to promote revi- 
val and revitalization in The 
Brethren Church. 

Benevolent Board 

The Benevolent Board has sev- 
iral visions that can become 
■ealities in coming years. 

1. The Board is aware of a great 
eservoir of talent among the older 
inembers of The Brethren Church, 
Home of whom are retired. We 
need to develop programs to prop- 
'irly use these abilities. The Board 
nay be able to work with both the 
iilissionary Board and the Board of 
Christian Education in developing 
uch programs. Possibilities include 
hort-term service by senior mem- 

bers in Home Mission churches 
and an adult Crusader program. 

2. There is a need for some 
semi-independent homes at Breth- 
ren Care in Ashland. Requests 
have come from several folks for 
this kind of home. The Board will 
continue to dream along with 
Brethren Care along this line. 

3. The Board also wants to pur- 
sue further the possibility of hav- 
ing a trained person do fundrais- 
ing on a commission basis for the 

ing they are located in areas show- 
ing growth potential. Newark, 
Ohio, is an example. 

We are committed to the plant- 
ing and nurture of new churches. 
We are busy trying to involve 
Brethren who have become a part 
of the mobile society, challenging 
them to open their homes to 
"classes," and to use their gifts 
and love of The Brethren Chvu*ch 
in beginning new congregations in 
areas where there are no Brethren 
churches. Always we are looking 
for new, innovative, and untried 
ways to plant churches. We are 
seeking bi-vocational church plant- 
ers. Bob and Kathy Mitchell are 
this week (August 8) moving to 
Arizona to begin a Brethren class. 
We challenge congregations to 
"adopt" a mission church beyond 
their district as well as giving 
prayerful consideration to plant- 
ing a "daughter church." A genu- 
ine attempt is being made to more 
greatly involve our districts and 
congregations in faith efforts in 
church planting. 

Guidelines for Planting New 
Brethren Churches, adopted by the 
Missionary Board, is in the process 
of revision. Prayerfully the 
Church Extension Commission 
will become more involved — more 
effective — in planning and imple- 
menting church growth. 

I guess we are saying that 
Brethren growth and outreach is 
more than a dream. There are 
measurable goals . . . only three 
new congregations a year. 

In evangelism we are constantly 
training, supporting, working with 
pastors and congregations. We 
trust for greater involvement in 
TOUCH (Transforming Others 
Under Christ's Hand) Ministries, a 
proper method of evangelism that 
is truly Brethren in scope. 

God is blessing. We trust Him 
for the future. We fully support 
the efforts of those who are lead- 
ing the denomination in the sin- 
cere prayer that God will visit us 
with revival. 

This is our vision. 

September 1983 


Vision Presentations 

!'! I 

Woman's Missionary Society 

1. We should be meeting the 
needs of the local woman by pro- 
viding a system of: 

a. Study — through suggested 
Bible studies, lesson ideas, and 
an expanded Christian book list. 

b. Service — through suggested 
home and foreign projects. 

c. Support — provide compat- 
ible groups and keep local 

women in touch with the organi- 
zation through printed commu- 
nications and through personal 
contact by district and national 

2. We should be encouraging 
smaller churches, older congrega- 
tions, and mission churches by: 

a. Contact and social events. 

b. Special encouragement and 

Retirement Board 

The purpose of the Retirement 
Board is to provide the best retire- 
ment and hospitalization pro- 
grams available for Brethren pas- 
tors, local church employees, and 
denominational employees. 

Our goal for the Retirement 
Program is to continually watch 
over and upgrade the program. We 
want to provide the highest 

amount of return with the great- 
est amount of security. In other 
words, high return with minimum 

Our goal for the Brethren 
Health Care Plan is to provide 
hospitalization coverage for sin- 
gles, families, and individuals over 
65 with the best possible service of 
claims and suitable coverage. 

personal interest and contact by 
district and national officers. 

3. WMS Executive Board should 
seek input from districts and local 
societies and from pastors on how 
to find a prominent and meaning- 
ful place in the ministries concept 
of organization. These ideas should; 
be synthesized into a suggested 
blueprint for church boards. 

4. While home and foreign mis- 
sions must continue to be the chiel 
purpose of WMS, we should seek 
ways for updating activities and 
service throughout the churches 
and denomination. 

WMS purpose: 

To promote Christian culture^ 

To do home and foreign mis- 
sion work. 

To disseminate the principles 
of Christian religion. 

To advance Christian womanf 
hood. ' 




Brethren Church Teachers 

. . , dedicated to making better "disciplers" and Christian Educators 

Seminars & Workshops — annually 

Key Magazine — quarterly 

ABCT Newsletter — monthly 

Membership fee: $9.00 for your entire family 

Benefits: Subscriptions to the two publications of ABCT 
Discounts on registration for Seminars & 

Send your name and address to: ABCT, 524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 44805 \ 



The Brethren Evangelis' 


Vision Presentations 

Ashland College 

On May 14 Ashland College 
elebrated 105 years as a Brethren 
Church-related liberal arts in- 
titution with the graduation of 
i23 students. 

On May 9 the John M. Ashbrook 
Center for Public Affairs was in- 
lugurated by President Ronald 
leagan, generating major aware- 
less of Ashland College through- 
lut the nation. The papers of John 
A. Ashbrook will be housed on the 
op floor of the Ashland College li- 

I Ashland College continues to 
jxpand programs and introduce 
lew ones to respond to changing 
leeds. New majors in Energy 
jklanagement and Technology, 
.Criminal Justice, and Toxicology 
ire now in place. Off-campus un- 
lergraduate programs at six Ohio 
locations are fast-expanding. More 
han 100 students are in the 
ladio/TV program, and a new 
inajor in Broadcast Sales and 
Management has been added. The 
ollege is also in the forefront of 
omputer literacy, offering com- 
)uter courses in various depart- 
nents and in a continuing educa- 
ion program. 

This fall an Overseas Student 
..^eaching pilot program will send 
\C's first students abroad. The 
)chool of Nursing, started in 1981, 
{raduated its first two students in 
•lay. It offers a bachelor of science 
,if nursing degree to students who 
lire currently registered nurses, 
''reshmen on-campus enrollment 
or 1983 is up for the first time 
ince 1979. Eighty-six students 
rem 20 foreign countries are now 
attending AC. The college has a 
|oal of enrolling 10% of its stu- 
ients from foreign countries. 
I Many programs are in place to 
each out to new publics for the 
ollege. The Gill Center for Busi- 
ness and Economic Education is 
;ne such program, which has 
;ained regional and national rec- 
'gnition. A Master of Education 
trogram is offered on other college 
ampuses throughout Ohio. The 
-laster of Business Administra- 

tion program offers degree pro- 
grams at AC and five other learn- 
ing centers. Cooperative programs 
in art with the Art Institute of 
Pittsburgh and in fashion design 
with Purdue University offer 
further training in these areas. 

Financially, 1982-83 was the 
college's most successful year of 
total gift income, with $2,432,314 
being raised. "A Time of Oppor- 
tunity" capital campaign inaugu- 
rated in 1981 with a goal of $7.7 
million has reached the $6 million 
level. The Ashbrook Center has 

generated nearly an additional $1 
million. Four academic chairs are 
in the process of being endowed, 
including one in Constitutional 
and Biblical Law. 

The college still must erase its 
short- and long-term debts. At the 
same time, financial aid to stu- 
dents is critically important, with 
$1.3 million of AC's operating 
funds going to provide scholar- 
ships. Sixty-five percent of stu- 
dents receive financial aid, with 
the typical aid package around 
$3,000 per student. 

Pastoral Ministries 

As a "believers" church, the 
Brethren put great stress on the 
preaching and teaching of the 
word of God. This stress is vital to 
pastoral ministries in The Breth- 
ren Church as we enter Century 
II. Our vision is for more biblical- 
ly qualified leadership in our 
churches. For pastors who are bet- 
ter trained. For churches praying 
on a regular basis for their pastors 
and encouraging them in their 

We see ahead our churches 
doing the work of ministry as- 

signed to them by Christ. We see 
our pastors taking their people 
deeper into God's word, that they 
might be inspired and follow the 
teachings of our Lord. We see 
churches seeking to resolve con- 
flicts as they arise. We see ahead 
an ample supply of pastors for our 
existing churches and for new 
churches we may plant. 

We see the great opportunities 
that are ahead for sharing the 
"Grood News" of Jesus Christ to yet 
another and another generation 
until our Lord comes for His own. 

National Brethren Youth 

The Brethren Youth vision pres- 
entation was made by National 
BYC officers Mike Funkhouser 
(moderator), Tracy Rowser (secre- 
tary), and Mark Robison (treas- 

Mike Funkhouser began the 
presentation by telling what BYC 
is all about. He emphasized the 
fact that BYC starts at the local 
level, works through the district 
level, and leads up to the BYC 
Convention. His main concern was 
that a lot of churches do not even 
have a local BYC group, and he 
strongly urged those churches to 
try to get a group started. 

The officers also shared the big 
steps BYC has made in the last 

couple of years. They noted that 
for the first time in over five years 
national BYC membership has 
gone over 1,000 (compared to 700 
just a few years ago). They also 
pointed out that last year the 
youth raised over $15,000 for their 
national project, surpassing their 

The main vision for the future 
was that BYC can reach out and 
draw in youth from those churches 
that are farther west. Moderator 
Funkhouser expressed a real bur- 
den that this goal be reached so 
that youth in the National BYC 
can keep on showing their love for 
one another, just as they have al- 
ways done. 

jeptember 1983 


Vision Presentations 

Board of Christian Education 

In this vision presentation we 
will explore what the Board of 
Christian Education might do if 
we had unlimited resources. 

The responsibility of the Board 
of Christian Education is to find, 
design, and implement solutions to 
the needs of The Brethren Church 
in the area of Christian Education. 
We can identify six basic areas 
of responsibility: (1) children, 
(2) youth, (3) summer ministry, 
(4) adults, (5) teacher training, 
(6) publications. 

In the area of youth, the Breth- 
ren Youth Crusader program is 
currently strong and growing. 
There is the BYC Convention, 
which meets concurrently with the 
adult Conference. And there are 

several publications — Youth Lead- 
ers Handbook, BY Communicator 
— to assist youth leaders. In the 
area of summer ministry, the 
Summer Crusader program is a 
strong testimony to what young 
people can do when given an op- 
portunity to serve. And in the area 
of teacher training, we have been 
successful with our Association of 
Brethren Church Teachers through 
seminars, the ABCT newsletter, 
and various workshops. 

In the other three areas — chil- 
dren, adults, and publications, we 
have little to show for the need 
evident in The Brethren Church. 
We are concerned for these areas. 

A possible solution — which 
could not be carried out with cur- 

World Relief Board 

1. History: World Relief has 
grown in recognition by the de- 
nomination from an appendage of 
the Peace Committee (1966), to a 
General Conference standing com- 
mittee (1969), to the present 
cooperating board (since 1974). 

2. Giving: Annual offerings 
have increased nearly every year 
from zero in 1966 to over $50,000 
in 1982, a total of nearly $348,000 
in those 17 years. 

3. Outreach: By channeling 
our giving through the World Re- 
lief Corporation of the National 
Association of Evangelicals, we 
are joining hands with 500,000 
other evangelical churches to as- 
sist 20,000 missionaries in 36 
countries — providing "Food for the 
Body and Food for the Soul." By 
working through existing mission- 
ary personnel, WRC is a low-cost 
and reliable channel for both relief 
and self-help development pro- 

4. Refugee Resettlement: 
36,000 refugees have been placed 
by the World Relief Refugee Serv- 
ice. Although just a few Brethren 
are a part of this, it is hoped that 
we might catch the vision of what 
Jesus would have us do for these 

homeless "world brothers and sis- 
ters" from other countries. Breth- 
ren are encouraged to assist others 
in their comm^unities who are in- 
volved in refugee sponsorship. 

5. Domestic Disaster Relief: 
In cooperation with the Church of 
the Brethren, we have a channel 
to assist disaster-plagued people in 
our own country. The Child Care 
teams and clean-up crews are the 
speciality of this ministry. Breth- 
ren are encouraged to attend the 
training seminar in their district 
this fall. 

6. Alternative Gift Giving 
Guide: In the future, to assist in 
effective gift-buying and meaning- 
ful gift-giving, the board has pub- 
lished a Gift Giving Guide. It 
suggests ways to honor people on 
special occasions and help those 
who make unique gifts at the 
same time. Order your copy of this 
50-page resource by sending $1.50 
to World Relief (6301 56th Ave., 
N., St. Petersburg, FL 33709). 

7. Why? For reminders of 
"why" Brethren are challenged to 
continue their involvement in 
every stage of relief work, read 
Matthew 25:31-46 and James 2:14- 
17 and I John 3:16-18. 

rent dollars — includes an in- 
creased staff of creative and spe-! 
cially trained administrators: | 

— an associate director for con-i| 
tinuing education to oversee the' 
area of adult ministries and publi- 
cations; j 
— an associate director for minis- 1 
try and training, who would be irj 
charge of the ABCT and otheij 
training opportunities as well asj 
an expanded Crusader program j 
which might serve a wider agd 
grouping; | 
— an associate director for childrerl 
and youth, who would develop the' 
BYC program to its fullest poten' 
tial and implement new oppor j 
tunities for children's ministries. 1 

The associate directors working! 
together could develop several nevj 
areas that are currently unj 
touched in Christian educationi} 
Boys' and girls' programming! 
needs to be looked into. The BYO' 
might be strengthened possibhij 
through a mid-winter conventioij 
for our older youth. The wholij 
area of video training and a full;i| 
developed video resources librarji 
should be explored. The BCIl! 
needs to provide pastoral traininii 
in the area of Christian education! 
Trans-generational experience 
are not provided for at the denomi [ 
national level and could be a sig 
nificant tool in the spiritua 
growth of our young people. And 
teacher certification program ij 
needed to encourage increase j 
skills among our teachers. Thesj 
are only some of the possibilities! 

Supervising the work of thes' 
three associates would be the tas 
of the Director of Christian Educ£ j 
tion, who could concentrate his e:i 
forts on fundraising, coordinatinj 
the total programs and their aci 
ministration, and developing mor! 
inter- relationships with distri(| 
boards of Christian education. \ 

It should be stressed that in thi| 
presentation we are not concerne i 
with persons who might fill thes J 
positions. Rather, we are simpli 
exploring what we might do if oi j 
resources were unlimited. 1 


The Brethren Evangelism 


Vision Presentations 

National Laymen's Organization 

In looking to the future, the Na- 
tional Laymen's Organization of 
The Brethren Church hopes to en- 
gender greater interest among the 
laymen of the denomination and to 
encourage greater participation of 
■ the men in the outreach of the 
church, particularly at the local 
j level, but also at the district and 
(national levels. Presented below 
tare several ideas which we plan to 
I implement in the next five years. 
j 1. Continue financial support of 
various organizations and/or proj- 
lects as determined by action of the 
(Laymen at General Conference. 
I We currently are supporting Cam- 
pus Ministry, Brethren Seminary 
i Student Scholarship, Brethren 
jAshland College Student Scholar- 
iship, Riverside Christian Training 
j School, Brethren Publishing Com- 
jpany Endowment Fund, and the 
iPasadena Radio Ministry (Maria 

2. Encourage each man, young 
or old, to become an active par- 
ticipant in the local church group; 
also encourage individual and 
local laymen group involvement in 
the Evangelism Explosion pro- 

3. Encourage more lay partici- 
pation in the January 1984 N.A.E. 
Washington Briefing. The Penn- 
sylvania, Virginia, Maryland, and 
New Jersey laymen will spearhead 
this effort. 

4. Encourage and plan a strong 
lay involvement in the N.A.E. 
Convention at Columbus, Ohio, in 
March 1984. The Ohio laymen will 
lead this effort. 

5. Develop a closer working re- 
lationship between the laymen 
and the pastors. 

6. Formulate a plan for involve- 
ment in disaster relief. 

7. Update and maintain a cor- 
rected directory with addresses of 

representative laymen from each 

8. Plan yearly spiritual retreats 
for rest and relaxation. The re- 
treat in 1984 is being planned for 
February 20-25 at Lakewood, 
Florida. (There is a possibility that 
William Murray, son of Madelyn 
Murray O'Hair, may be able to de- 
liver the kick-off address at our 
Sarasota church on Sunday eve- 
ning, February 19.) 

9. Conduct mission tours to our 
mission fields. Our objective in 
1984 is to visit Pasadena, Tijuana, 
and our other churches in the 
California area and to enjoy fel- 
lowship with our people in the 

10. Sponsor work projects at our 
mission and camp facilities Our 
project for 1984 will be to help 
with the multi-purpose building at 
Tijuana located on the land re- 
cently purchased by the WMS. 

1983 Christian Education Seminars 

How to Believe Brethrenly 
Jerry Flora, seminary 
professor and contribut- 
ing writer of our "State- 
ment of Faith" will glean 
insights into our 

/ Can Teach Anything! 
Linda Beekley, veteran 
seminar leader and ele- 
mentary school teacher, 
will lead the seminar 
geared toward teachers 
of children. 

Adults Need Teachers, Too 
Brad Weidenhamer, 

Christian educator and 

past seminar leader, will 

guide those working with 


A Vision for Youth Ministry 
Charles Beekley, Direc- 
tor of Christian Education 
for the Brethren Church, 
will conduct the youth 


Sept. 17: Central District — /.anar/f • Sept. 24: Northern Indiana District — Jefferson • Oct. 8: Southeastern District — Hagerstown 
Oct. 22: Southern Indiana District — N. ti^ancfiester • Oct. 29: PA District — Vinco • Nov. 1 2: Miami Valley District — New Lebanon 

Nov. 19: Northeast Ohio District — Sm///?wy/e 

For more information v^ite: ABCT, 524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 44805 

ISeptember 1983 


■1 ■■:! 

■ ^ The Brethren "^ • j 


Serving The Brethren Church 
Throughout Its One Hundred Years 

— Challenging Brethren to greater 

— Informing Brethren of their church's 

— Providing Brethren a forum for their 

— Recording Brethren life and thought. 

1903, 1923, 1943, 1963. 1983 copies of the Evangelist. 

■ ^ The Brethren T| • j 


Committed to Serving The Brethren Church 

in the Years Ahead 

-Needing faithful readers. 

-Seeking additional subscribers. 

-Appealing for your prayers. 

-Requesting continued financial 

1983 Publication Offering 

Goal — $27,000 

:2 e tx) 


O ci- 



a> O CO 

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eT Aabla 

October 1983 

See Ashland College 

feature section on 

pages 9-13 


1 i'll 

Learning From Our Heritagi 

by Dale R. Staffer 

Salvation: The Believer's Security 

ONE of the frequently debated questions 
in Christian circles over the last sixty 
years has been the question of eternal se- 
curity. Is the believer's security unconditional 
so that once one commits oneself to Christ by 
faith it is impossible to fall from grace and 
lose salvation? Or is security conditional, 
based upon the believer's continued faithful- 
ness to Christ, thereby suggesting that it is 
possible to fall from grace? 

Historically, the Brethren have taken the 
latter view for both theological and biblical 
reasons. I will briefly note the theological 
arguments and give more attention to the 
biblical evidence. 

Previous articles in this series have con- 
tained at least three solid reasons for seeing 
security as conditional. First, we Brethren 
have viewed salvation both as an event and a 
process. The New Testament speaks of salva- 
tion as an accomplished fact, a present walk 
by faith, and a future hope. If one's salvation 
is eternally secured by confession of faith in 
Christ, Scripture should use the past tense 
(have been saved) rather than the present or 
future tense (are being saved and will be 
saved) with regard to the Christian's present 
state. But see Romans 5:19; I Corinthians 
1:18; II Corinthians 2:15; Philippians 1:28. 

Second, the Brethren have viewed saving 
faith as both knowledge concerning Grod and 
Christ and faithfulness to Christ evidenced 
in an obedient life (see Rom. 10:9, 10; James 
2:14-26). It is therefore the person who lives 
by the faith by which he was saved who is 
being saved and will be saved (see Gal. 2:20 
and Paul's words of victory in II Tim. 4:7). 

Third, the Brethren have understood that 
salvation includes both human and divine 
aspects. This is true not only in the initial 
reception of salvation, but also in the out- 
working of salvation (see Phil. 2:12-13). 
Unconditional eternal security denies any 
human responsibility during the process of 
salvation, seeing the process as guaranteed 

by God. (Philippians 1:6 would be cited.) 

The crux of the issue must rest on the bib| 
lical evidence itself rather than on purel; 
historical or theological arguments. (Thesij 
should not be overlooked, however, since ideal 
ly both should be based on Scripture). Scrip 
ture is abundantly clear that there is securit; 
for the believer in Christ. One must upholt 
this truth on the weight of such passages a 
John 6:37, 44, 65; 10:28; 17:2; Romans 8:38, 
39; Philippians 1:6; I Thessalonians 5:24) 
Hebrews 13:5; I John 5:18; Jude 24. I 

But Scripture is equally clear that we hav* 
a responsibility to remain faithful to Chrisi 
and not deny Him by our words or actions- 
see Matthew 7:21-23; Luke 13:22-30; Colos! 
sians 1:21-23; I Timothy 6:10, 20-21; Hebrew 
6:4-8; 10:26-29; James 5:19-20; II Peter 1:1CJ 
11; 2:20-22. To subordinate or explain awaij 
either side of this truth is to do violence tj 
the witness of Scripture. The weight of botl 
truths must be allowed to stand. ] 

Scripture would indicate that as far as Go! 
is concerned, nothing outside of ourselvel 
can separate us from His love. He promise) 
not only to keep us secure, but also to perfe(, 
our faith until Christ returns. But thes, 
promises are conditioned upon the believer i 
continuing walk by faith in Grod and Chris! 
The history of the people of Israel shows thf! 
God will not overlook disobedience forevei 
(see Rom. 11:11-24; Heb. 3:14-^:11). i 

Christians do not need to live in constarj 
fear of losing their salvation, however. Fcj 
God will continue to bear with our huma 
weaknesses and sins up to the point that w; 
willfully harden our heart against Christ b; 
word or deed and close ourselves to the worll 
ing of the Holy Spirit. (See Matthew 12:31-S| 
and John 15:26 — noting that the Spirit's tagj 
is to bear witness to Christ). On this doctrirj 
as on every other, we must be true to tl| 
total voice of Scripture rather than allowing] 
particular theological position to silence paj 
of that voice. [| 

The Brethren Evangelhi 

r^ The Brethren ^ • . 


Serving The Brethren Church 
throughout its one hundred years. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 


Alvin Shifflett 
Dale R. Stoffer 
usiNESS Manager: 

Ronald W. Waters 
;ditorial And 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805-3792 

Phone: (419) 289-1708 

jbllshed monthly for The Brethren 
hurch by the Brethren Publishing Com- 
jny, 524 College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

ne year subscription rates: $8.00 for 
X)% church lists; $8.75 for church lists of 
or more names; $9.50 for individual sub- 

ngle-copy price: 80C 
hange of address: Please notify us at 
ast three weeks in advance. Clip old ad- 
ess from back of magazine and send 
ith new address. 

jthors' views are not necessarily those 
The Brethren Church or the Brethren 
jblishing Company. 

ueries and manuscripts should be ad- 
essed to the editor. A writer's packet 
Ith query tips is available upon written re- 

nsolicited manuscripts are also wel- 
)me. However, the publisher assumes 
) responsibility for return of unsolicited 
aterial not accompanied by a stamped, 
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scond class postage paid at Ashland, 

jstmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
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pmber, Evangelical Press Association 


Four views of the beautiful Ash- 
nd College campus, educational 
ome" this fall to 1,367 students 
daytime enrollment). Total Ashland 
allege enrollment at both on-cam- 
js and off-campus programs this 
II is 3,085, up nine percent from 
St year. Read more about the ed- 
ge on pages 9-13. 

'CTOBER 1983 

Vol. 105, No. 10 

October 1983 

First-Year Reflections on Missionary Service 

An interview with Robert and Juanita Dillard on the first 
anniversary of their arrival in Medellin, Colombia, by John 

This We Believe 

Part I of a three-part series on "our common faith," by Jerry R. 

I ■»* < 

Ashland College Traditions 
9 AC'cent on the Individual 

A Christian world view of all knowledge and a commitment to 
people as persons are basic to the educational program at 
Ashland College, according to President Joseph R. Shultz. 

Academic Programs 

Ashland College puts strong emphasis on quality academic 
programs and honors academic excellence. 

Active Christian Lrfe 

A look at the many opportunities for spiritual growth and 
development available at Ashland College. 

ACcess Through Financial Aid 

William H. Etiing presents information about the numerous 
scholarships and grants available to Brethren students who 
attend Ashland College. 




I m»» t 


2 Learning From Our Heritage 

8 The Salt Shaker 

14 Update 

22 As I See It 

First- Year Reflections 
On Missionary Service 

An interview with Robert and Juanita Dillard on the first anniversary 
of their arrival in Medellin, Colombia. 

Interview by John Maust 

AS if from nowhere, the priest appeared. 
Waving a pistol, he shouted, "All right, I 
want all Catholics to come with me!" 

The new missionary blinked. Was this 
really happening? Would an ordinary film 
showing at an outdoor evangelical meeting 
turn into a bloodbath . . . Would he bite the 
bullet as a missionary martyr? 

Bob Dillard blinked again, for the un- 
daunted believers responded by singing with 
gusto a gospel hymn. Some crowded toward 
the priest, Bibles thrust forward, shouting, 
"Crista vivel [Jesus lives!]." The clergyman's 
chest dropped, and he melted away into the 
crowd and out of sight. 

Things haven't always been that exciting 
during their first year in Medellin, Colombia. 
But Brethren missionaries Bob and Juanita 
Dillard are enthusiastic about their work in 
this industrial city of some two million. 

The Dillards pastor a congregation in their 
home in the upper middle-class neighborhood 
of El Poblado, and team up with fellow Breth- 
ren missionaries Mark and Chantal Logan in 
other ministries in the city. 

En route to Lima, Peru, I visited the Dil- 
lards. On the very day marking their first an- 
niversary in Colombia, while eating a pizza, 
the couple (with their 15-month-old son 
Lucas) responded to my questions about their 
first year as missionaries to Colombia. 

John: What were your first impressions of 

Bob: We'd never been here before. Some- 
how Mark Logan got through customs at the 
airport, so he could meet us just as we got off 

Brethren writer John Maust is currently serving 
with Latin American Mission in Lima, Peru, where 
he is supported in part by his home church, the 
First Brethren Church of Nappanee, Indiana. He 
did this interview with the Dillards on his way to 
Peru in May. 

the plane. We met the Logans that day foi 
the first time, too. 

Juanita: We noticed that the city was dir 
tier, bigger, and more industrial than Sai 
Jose, Costa Rica, where we went to language 
school. Here there was a sharp contrast be 
tween the rich and the poor. 

What were you called here to do? 

Bob: The Brethren Church of Colombia ini 
vited us to pastor the church in the El Fob! 
lado area among the middle and upper class 
es. There was to be a transition period befori 
I assumed the pastorate, which I did after si: 

Where are the people spiritually? 

Bob: Most people we contact are religioui 
in the sense that they believe in God. How 
ever, many are materialistic and don't feel 
spiritual need. 

Did you face any difficult adjustments? 

Juanita: For me, forming friendships wa 
difficult. Fart of the reason was that I had t 
stay inside much of the time with Lucas. I'r 
just now getting to the point where I feel coir; 
fortable with Colombian families. \ 

Bob: Actually, language school prepared vi! 
very well for the work here. One thing I hav| 
learned is to be more culturally sensitive. Fci 
instance, the American sense of humor ij 
very different from the Colombian; I ma; 
have hurt other people's feelings when the! 
didn't know I was really joking. | 

Missionaries are always "giving." How d 
you feed your own spiritual growth? j 

Bob: I'm trying to build a sense of commi 
nity with the Brethren pastors here. We me< 
once a week for study and prayer. i 

Juanita: I attend a women's English Bib{ 
study Thursday mornings at the Logans'. Thtj 
have been my support group. Also, I'm learij 
ing to be content in whatever state I'm in. Ye; 
we do miss some things here, but there aij 

The Brethren Evangelii 


Dedication of Annie Jean Dillard. The dedication was conducted 
\July 19, 1983, by Luis Enrique Mendoza (holding Annie Jean), presi- 
ient of the Colombian Brethren Church. Bob is at the left and Juanita 
s holding Annie's big brother, Lucas. 

also some things we experience here that we 
lever would in the United States. 
j How about your own devotional lives? 
Isn't it hard in the press of work? 

Bob: That's a good question. At the last pas- 
ors' meeting, I requested prayer that I would 
)e able to get up in the morning before Lucas 
or my devotions. Otherwise, it's very hard. 
; Juanita: I'm reading through the Bible in a 
i^ear. Also, Bob and I have been thinking 

the WMS groups. They've been 
so good to us in writing and 
sending things. They'd asked 
me for prayer requests, so I 
gave them some. 

Bob: It's impossible to visit 
all the churches when you 
have a three-month furlough. 
But we will try to visit as 
many as we can. We probably 
feel the closest to the Sarasota 
Brethren Church, since we 
were married and I was or- 
dained there, and then worked 
as its associate pastor. 
""Jfes^ v' How do you feel about your 

■i^l^ ministry to this point? 

^■Vl Ml Bob: We don't get big 
spiritual highs here, but 
there's a different sense of the 
Lord's presence. I sense an 
inner peace. In February, I 
went through a time when I felt down about 
how things were going. But now I have a 
quiet confidence that God has His plan and 
timing. It's up to him. 

ibout doing some kind of Bible study together 
pnce a week. He also shares Christian articles 
vith me. 

How has work here affected your family 

Juanita: We had kind of a renewal experi- 
ence in our marriage in Costa Rica, and I find 
ve have grown much closer together. Just the 
)ther day, when Bob helped me handle a 
)roblem with my doctor, I thought, "Lord, 
vhat would I do without this other person 
Bob) who knows me so well?" 

What advice would you give someone who is 
;onsidering cross-cultural Christian service? 

Bob: I would say, "Go and see what it's 
ike. Do an internship or spend several 
jnonths in another country. Be with the mis- 
iionaries and national pastors. Test it out." 

Is there a need for more Brethren workers 

Bob: The Colombian Brethren have re- 
luested another couple, which possibly would 
lelp us in our ministry here in El Poblado. 

How do you try to maintain contact with 
he Brethren in the States? 

Juanita: I wrote a Christmas letter to all 

)CTOBER 1983 

Soon after this interview, Juanita gave 
birth (June 8) to the couple's second child, a 7 
pound 14 ounce daughter, Annie Jean. The 
Dillards continue exploring ways to make 
meaningful contacts in their neighborhood — 
for example. Bob teaches English and Juanita 
teaches a lifesaving class. Video-cassette 
Christian movies and teaching programs, 
shown in their home, seem to be a good out- 
reach tool, as well. They are excited about the 
possibilities for their ongoing ministry in- 
Medellin. [t] 

A few of the participants in the house church that 
meets regularly in the Dillards' home. At the time 
this interview was done, attendance at Sunday 
morning worship services in the Dillard home was 
averaging about 20. 


A Centennial Heritage Article 


Part I of a three-part series on "our common faith" 

by Jerry R. Flora 

THE year 1983 is not only the one-hun- 
dredth anniversary of the Brethren 
Church. It is also 275 years from the birth of 
the Brethren movement in Schwarzenau, 
Germany. For the spiritual descendants of 
Alexander Mack, Christianity is not so much 
a system of ideas learned from a textbook as a 
manner of life absorbed from the obedient 
community of faith. What we believe is not 
merely to be thought about with the mind, 
but also actualized with our whole life. 

This article is one person's effort to sum- 
marize the main points of our common faith. 
The heart of Brethren doctrine is discipleship, 
a following of Jesus Christ as the living Word 
of God. Brethren view Christianity as a way 
of life derived from and dependent upon Him 
as God's Son and Servant, our Savior and 
Lord — all on the basis of inspired Scripture. 

In the Beginning, the Word 

We believe that the Bible is the written 
Word of God and may be understood in anal- 
ogy with the living Word, Jesus Christ. This 
means that Scripture, like Christ, is both di- 
vine and human. As Christ \yas truly divine 
but limited in the days of Hisjflesh (Mark 6:5; 
13:32), so Scripture is divine yet limited in 
not providing all the information or certitude 
that we sometimes desire. As the living Word 
was truly human but without sin (John 8:46; 
2 Cor. 5:21), so we believe that the written 
Word is human yet without error. The focus 
of our faith is the Christ of "the Bible, the 
whole Bible, and nothing but the Bible." 

Brethren consider the New Testament to 
be the fulfillment of the Old without the Old 
Testament being destroyed. There is both 

Dr. Flora is Associate Professor of New Testament and 
Theology at Ashland Theological Seminary. 

continuity and discontinuity between the Tesi 
taments. The New Testament is on a higheiJ 
level in the progress of revelation because th 
Christ it describes fulfilled what the Old Tes 
tament promised (Luke 24:27, 44; John 1:4£: 
5:39, 46). When He accomplished His missioi 
to rescue the human race (John 19:30; Het 
9:26-28), then the time was right for complet 

What we believe is not merely 
to be thought about with the 
mindf but also actualized with 
our whole life.^* 


ing the Bible. The apostles and their asi 
sociates who wrote the New Testamer 
played a role of priority that no others ca 
play in witnessing to the Jesus of history a 
the Christ of faith. j 

In brief, "Brethren doctrine centers o 
Jesus Christ as the living Word of God. Th 
Holy Spirit progressively revealed God's or 
plan of salvation in Christ from its first pron 
ise in the Old Testament to its fulfillment ij 
the New. Given in human words in histor: 
the Scriptures of both Testaments are the iij 
spired Word of God, authoritative, trustwoi 
thy, and true in every respect. The New Te; 
tament, witnessing to the climax of that hi 
tory, is the final rule of faith and life for t}\ 
church. As an expression of grateful love 1 
Grod, Brethren believe and obey the Bible, f< 
only the written Word reveals to us JesiS 
Christ, the living Word" ("A Centenni 
Statement," 1983). 

The Living God 

The God disclosed in these Scriptures 
eternally active as Father, Son, and Ho; 
Spirit. The triune God possesses many attij 


The Brethren Evangelh 

"TAe heart of Brethren doctrine is discipleship, 
a following of Jesus Christ as the living Word of God. 

lutes, but we may summarize our knowledge 
f them in the phrase "holy love." Holiness is 
he background of all the divine qualities, ex- 
•ressing first separateness, then purity, then 
►erfection. It is the attribute which distances 
jjod from the creation, especially from the 
inoral creation in its rebellion. Love is the 
ibreground of the divine qualities. It is the at- 
[ribute which moves God toward the creation, 
iven the sinful creation. 

While these summary qualities are found 
n both Testaments, holiness is the instruc- 
ional emphasis in the Old and love in the 
»Jew. That is, in the progress of God's disclos- 
ng His plan to save the human race. He in- 
roduced Himself as holy love at the outset. 
Jut He highlighted holiness first in the child- 
lood of His people, then later underscored the 
[racious, sacrificial nature of divine love in 

Holiness and love are not emotions in God, 
)ut qualities of character and will. Neither 
jiancels or overpowers the other. Together 
hey require satisfaction for sin, and together 
hey offer that satisfaction from within the 
|livine nature. Thus, the New Testament 
ixalts the grace of God which, in holy love 
pntrary to what was expected, provided 
atonement and also bestows 
pardon (2 Cor. 8:9; Eph. 2:4-9). 

The Brethren Church con- 
fesses Jesus Christ along the 
lines of classical Christian or- 
thodoxy as set out, for exam- 
le, in the Apostles' Creed and 
he Nicene Creed. (Although 
jhe Brethren have no creed 
)ut the Bible, we affirm every- 
hing taught in these historic 
octrinal summaries.) We be- 
lieve in Christ's deity, pre- 
xistence, and incarnation by 
jrirgin birth together with His 
aumanity, vindication, and 
Ijlorification by resurrection 
ind ascension. We accept His 
ife upon earth as a model for 
)elievers and His death upon 
he cross as a full, complete 
iitonement for sin. He was, in 
he language of Hebrews, both 

officiating priest and offered sacrifice (Heb. 
7:26-27), all done voluntarily from within the 
depths of the divine mercy. 

With Christ's exaltation from earth to 
heaven, the Father has sent the Holy Spirit 
so that disciples will not be left as orphans 
(John 14:18). The Spirit, who is "another 
Paraclete" (John 14:16), continues to be advo- 
cate and counselor for believers, as Christ 
was in the days of His flesh. In addition, the 
Spirit applies the work of accomplished re- 
demption to us in our present experience. He 
is the seal and guardian of its genuineness 
(Eph. 1:13-14). He gives spiritual gifts 
{charismata, "grace-gifts") to those in Christ: 

(1) gifts of service to meet human needs in- 
side and outside the church (Rom. 12:6-8); 

(2) equipping gifts to facilitate the ministries 
just mentioned (Eph. 4:11-12); and (3) sign- 
gifts for confirming the truth of the gospel 
when it breaks through into new territory 
(Heb. 2:3-4). 

God's Spirit always acts in such a way as to 
exalt Christ, never in contradiction to the 
Scriptures that the Spirit Himself inspired. 
Thus, Holy Spirit and Holy Scripture operate 
together as what Alexander Mack called the 
inner and outer words testifying of Christ, [t] 

Rekindle Our Gifts 

What is the Holy Spirit saying to the church today? 
Let us listen for His voice — hear what He has to say. 
""Yea, My church, he that hath an ear, let him hear 
What the Spirit saith — everyone far and near." 

He came to reprove the world of sin 
That we may believe on Jesus Christ His Son. 
He came to guide us into all truth. 
''My church, walk in My Spirit — avoid My wrath." 

Rekindle our gifts, Lord, as Your Holy Spirit calls. 
Separate us. Lord — break down those walls. 
Rekindle our gifts. Lord — send us on our way. 
Let us all hear the Holy Spirit calling us today. 

Ruth DeLozier 

Mrs. DeLozier is a member of the Ashland Park Street Breth- 
ren Church. The thoughts for this poem came to her as she lis- 
tened to Dr. Lester P. Westlund's message during the Sunday 
morning worship service of Greneral Conference in August. 

October 1983 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 


Humor and the Holy 

HUMOR is one of the most puzzling aspects of 
human nature. It is often viewed as shallow 
on the one hand, and applauded on the other. 

All of us like to think of ourselves as funny, or at 
least capable of making people laugh. Perhaps one 
of the cruelest insults that can be hurled at us is, 
"You have no sense of humor." On the other hand, 
we don't like to be laughed at either, which is 
mockery. Paul experienced this in Athens. 

Since Plato, man has theorized on why we laugh. 
Jackson Lee Ice wrote, "Man should be known as 
animal facetum," i.e., the laughing animal! Humor 
in its broadest sense includes wit, comedy, jokes, 
irony, and satire. Mark Twain was a master of sat- 
ire. Reader's Digest has a neat section entitled, 
"Laughter, the Best Medicine." 

Humor provides relief Everyone understands 
laughter, regardless of language. We can laugh 
with others even when we can't communicate with 
them. In fact, laughter is communication. 

Kant spoke of humor as a "sudden transforma- 
tion of a strained expectation into nothing." 
Koestler said humor is "bisociation," or bringing 
together things in such a way that they become 
ludicrous. An example is Oscar Wilde's comment 
while in prison, "If this is the way the Queen 
treats her convicts, she doesn't deserve to have 

On the other side of the coin, laughter can be a 
sign of mental illness. Recently a trucker ran over 
an automobile. When asked for information about 
the accident, the trucker laughed. He couldn't ex- 
plain what happened for laughing. Obviously, he 
was either in shock or else mentally ill! 

The question arises. Can we have a theology of 
humor? The old Brethren would probably have 
said "No." To them laughter in the church was of 
the devil. So were protracted evangelistic meet- 
ings, education, etc. 

Our generation allows more levity concerning 
things holy, although the two (humor and the holy) 
do not always sit comfortably in the same pew. A 
humorous speaker is often appreciated more than 
a nonhumorous one. But I've detected a lurking 
suspicion among some that a humorous speaker 


is shallow, while a dull speaker is thought to bei 
deep. Personally, I don't think it a mark of bril-j 
liance to be dull — especially if no one is listenings 

In Jesus' life we find humor and irony in abun- 
dance. This infuriated the Sadducees and Pharisees,] 
who were "deep and profound" — and dull. I think! 
much of Jesus' humor has been lost through time 
and culture. But consider Jesus' question in Matt.i 
7:3, "Why do you look at the speck of sawdust ini 
your brother's eye and pay no attention to the 
plank in your own eye?" (NIV). When you think 
about it, that question is loaded with humor. Oi 
look at the parable of the Great Banquet in Luke 
14. Imagine the amusement of His listeners as; 
Jesus recounted the excuses given by those who 
did not attend. One said, "I just got married, so 1 
can't come." That's loaded with humor. 

God is said to sit in His heaven and laugh, but 
that's a different kind of humor — more derision 
than humor (see Psalm 2:4). I think I can also heai 
the rumble of God's laughter in the Cross. For in 
the Cross, there is a reversal of association. Thai 
which is despised is suddenly exalted. Eugend 
O'Neil caught this idea and turned it into a power | 
ful play, Lazarus Laughed. In it Lazarus is con 
stantly laughing because he sees how death hai 
been caught by the neck and made ridiculous. 

Many a preacher has learned that his humor v 
remembered long after the serious content of hi: 
sermons is forgotten. There is, I think, a close con 
nection between Jesus' use of parables and moden 
pulpit humor. 

One question remains— just a thought. If man 
kind was made in the image of God, which we al 
affirm, and one of the characteristics of humannes 
is humor, in what sense is our humor nature a re 
flection of the Almighty? That causes one to sto j 
and think, doesn't it? ! 

Now I can't really envision God, the Creatoij 
causing the heavens to rumble with His laughtei} 
But I can envision Jesus smiling, perhaps evej 
laughing with His disciples. So certainly in thi| 
universe God saw fit to create humor. After all 
look at the camel. Better yet, look at yourself I'lj 
looking at myself— and laughing. ['I 

The Brethren Evangelisj 



AC'cent on 
the Individual 

by Dr. Joseph R. Shultz, President, Ashland College 

A Christian world view of all knowl- 
edge is the goal of the academic pro- 
gram of Ashland College. The belief in God 
as the Creator of the universe must include 
the educational principle that all truth 
comes from God and eventually consum- 
mates in God. The basic belief in God in- 
tegrates all knowledge and brings whole- 
ness to man. 

The founders of The Brethren Church 
came to America for liberty, fraternity, 
Christian worship, and equality to the cre- 
ation of a new social order. They fashioned 
this synthesis around a core of Christian 
truth and deep spirituality which we recog- 
nize and affirm today at Ashland College. 
Unity in spirit and brotherhood were at the 
heart of the early Brethren movement. 

Ashland College provides a Christian 
community and an academic and personal 
support system for Brethren students un- 
equaled by any other college. Adminis- 
trators, faculty, and students learn to know 
and to love their fellow Christians in a 
spirit of community which lends support in 
the good as well as the bad times of a stu- 
dent's life. This can either be through di- 
rect counseling or even the indirect method 
of seeing each other in offices, classrooms, 
and at church. 

People are persons before they are 
teachers, ministers, fanners, lawyers, 
physicians, or business people. And, if we 
educate them, they will become capable 
and sensible ministers, educators, lawyers, 
physicians, or business people. 

Ashland College continues the tradition 
of supporting, loving, educating, and ful- 
filling the life of the student — in faith, [t] 

October 1983 




AT Ashland College, 
quality of academic 
programs helps us attract 
quality students. Almost 
one-third of our students are 
in the top one-fifth of their 
high school classes, so you 
will be among your peers 
when you attend Ashland 

The quality of academics 
is highly evident at Ashland 
College. AC students have 
opportunities to pursue 
strong academic programs 
through our five schools: 
Arts and Humanities; Busi- 
ness Administration, Eco- 
nomics and Radio/TV; Edu- 
cation and Related Profes- 
sions; Sciences; and Nurs- 

Ashland College is in the forefront of computer literacy, offering 
computer courses in various departments and in a continuing edu- 
cation program. 

ing. The 82 majors offered 
within these schools will 
challenge you. Honors pro- 
grams for gifted students 

AC administrators and faculty, like Dr. Donald Rinehart (above 
right), learn to know students and are able to lend support in the 
good as well as the difficult times of life. 

will challenge you even 

Our student/teacher ratio 
is a low 17:1, so we are able 
to spend the time with you 
to assure that you maximize 
your potential. 

Ashland College honors 
academic excellence, leader- 
ship and service through 
societies and honoraries 
such as Alpha Psi Omega, 
drama; Beta Lambda, home 
economics— human develop- 
ment; Kappa Delta Pi, edu- 
cation; Omicron Delta Epsi- 
lon, economics; and Phi 
Alpha Theta, history. 

Give serious considera- 
tion to Ashland College, if 
quality of academic pro- 
grams is important to you. t 



The Brethren Evangelis' 


Christian Life 

ASHLAND COLLEGE maintains its 
historic affiliation with The Breth- 
ren Church and, at the same time, takes 
pride in the diversity of its student body. 
More than 25 Protestant denominations, 
Roman Catholics, Jews, and Moslems are 
represented on campus. Students are en- 
couraged in their expressions of faith. 

There are many opportunities for spirit- 
ual growth and development, guided by 
the Office of Religious Affairs. The 
campus Christian center, called 
"The Salt Cellar," is the central 
point for Christian activities. 

The Salt Cellar is home to Hope 
Fellowship and the Newman 
Club. Meetings of Hope Fellow- ^ 

ship include singing, prayer, special 
music, Bible study, and a guest speaker. 
Bible studies are held in fraternities, 
sororities, and in various dormitories on 
the college campus. 

Activities range from sponsoring Ohio's 
"biggest-ever" banana split eating contest 
on campus to attending the World's Fair. 
The college also has a chapter of the 
Fellowship of Christian Athletes. FCA 
conducts a regular Bible study and 
shares the Christian life from an 
athlete's point of view. 

Retreats and activities are de- 
signed to deepen the student's 
walk with God and build into 
each life the character of Christ. 


Ashland College Memorial Chapel 

October 1983 


ACcess Through 
Financial Aid 

by William H. Etling, Vice President for Development 

DURING the 1981-82 academic year, 
more than five million college stu- 
dents received $16 billion in financial aid 
from federal, state, college, and private 
sources to help cover educational ex- 

Currently at Ashland College, more 
than $3.1 million in financial aid is made 
available to help meet student needs, 
with approximately 65 percent of AC stu- 
dents receiving financial assistance. Ash- 
land College's aggressive and creative fi- 
nancial aid program enables many stu- 
dents who otherwise could not afford a 
college education to have the advantages 
of an education at a small, private, liberal 
arts college. 

Funds for Ashland College grants come 
from institutional revenues and endowed 
moneys. Ashland College has been fortu- 
nate to have friends and alumni who have 
established scholarship endowments. 
r , Financial assist- 

ance to students is 
offered in a combi- 
nation of grants, 
i loans, and employ- 
ment. Assistance 
is based on schol- 
arship, accomplish- 
1 ments, talents, 
i and/or financial 
need. Among the 
numerous scholar- 
ships and grants 
available to AC 
students are sev- 
eral designated 
specificially for 
members of The 
Brethren Church. 
Brethren Grant. 
Any student who 


is a member of The Brethren Church and 
has a cumulative grade point average of 
2.5 or above is eligible for this grant. A 
letter of recommendation from the stu- 
dent's minister is a requisite. The grant 
in the amount of $600 is renewable with a 
2.5 AC grade point average. 

Crusader Grant. Students who par- 
ticipate as Crusaders in the summer 
ministry of the Board of Christian Educa- 
tion of The Brethren Church are eligible 
for this grant for the academic year im- 
mediately following their summer of serv- 
ice. The grant in the amount of $1,000 is 
renewable with subsequent summers of 

Ministerial Grant. This grant is of- 
fered to sons and daughters of ministers 
and missionaries who now are working 
full time for The Brethren Church or who 
have retired from full-time service for 
reasons of age or health. These students 
are eligible for either the ministerial 
grant or achievement grant(s), which ever 
total is more, but not both. The minis- 
terial grant awards 40 percent of tuition 
costs, and may be renewed as long as 
the student maintains a 2.0 grade point 

In addition to the above grants, other 
scholarships and awards are available to 
students who are members of The Breth- 
ren Church. The following are given in 
honor or memory of individuals: 

Carrie Hoff Baer memorial award 

Bell-Walker scholarship 

A. Glenn and Essie Carpenter scholarship 

Viola Jones Collins scholarship 

Pearl Button Crafts award 

Helen Jordan award 

Doris C. Stout memorial scholarship 

Dorothy Stuckman memorial award 

The following grants are given by 



The Brethren Evangelist! 


churches and organizations. 

Boys Brotherhood award 

National Ministerial Association student aid 

National Woman's Missionary Society award 
Oakville, Indiana, Brethren Church 

Pennsylvania Woman's Missionary Society 

Sisterhood of Mary and Martha award 
Southeast Laymen's scholarship 

Ashland College believes the primary 
responsibility for financing an under- 
graduate education rests with the student 

and parents. But the college also recog- 
nizes the need in many instances for fi- 
nancial assistance and acknowledges 
scholarship and achievement. By using a 
combination of financial assistance and 
self help, Ashland College attempts to 
meet each student's need as calculated by 
the Financial Aid Form (FAF). 

For more information, write to the Of- 
fice of Financial Aid, Ashland College, 
Ashland, Ohio 44805; or telephone (419) 
289-4100. Ohio residents may call toll 
ft-ee: 1-800-882-1548. [t] 

ACT on your 
College Career Plans 

BECOME part of Ashland College and the Ashland College Traditions. We 
are a quality, liberal arts college that puts the AC'cent on the Individual. 
We offer you an active Christian life along with the quality academic pro- 
grams you need to plan your future. 

Once you act on your college career plans and make a commitment to come 
to Ashland College, we will help work out a financial aid package for you. 

Take the first step on that action course by sending for our viewbook. 



Ashland, OH 44805 

(419) 289-4142 

Ashland College admits students 

without regard to sex, race, 

color, religion, age, nationality, 

ethnic origin or handicap. 



Send me Ashland College information. 


W^' Ashland College 





Year of high school graduation. 

AppBubon tndoied 


CTOBER 1983 






news from the Brethren Church 

Fremont Church celebrates 100th anniversary 
of cornerstone-laying and of Brethren Church 

Fremont, Ohio — Did you know 
that one Brethren congregation 
meets in a church building whose 
cornerstone was laid by a former 
President of the United States? 
Not only that, but the cornerstone 
was laid in 1883, the same year 
the Brethren denomination was 

The congregation is the First 
Brethren Church of Fremont, 
Ohio. And to celebrate both the 
cornerstone-laying and the 100th 
anniversary of the Progressive 
Brethren Church, the Fremont 
congregation, in cooperation with 
the Sandusky County Historical 
Society, sponsored a "Centennial 
Celebration" on Sunday, August 
21, 1983. 

The day of celebration included 
the morning worship service at 
Fremont First Brethren, a full af- 
ternoon of activities at both the 
church and the historical society 
across the street, and an evening 
service at the church featuring 
"The Story of the Progressive 
Brethren," an adaptation of the 
historical drama presented at 
this year's General Confer- 
ence. Rev. Harold Walton, 
pastor of First Brethren, 
spearheaded the centennial 
celebration plans, and Ken- 
neth Hahn, the church's 
music director, was cele- 
bration chairman. 

Former U.S. 
President Ruther- 
ford B. Hayes 
presided over the 
ing of the church 
building on Au- 
gust 21, 1883. 
The building was 
being constructed 
for the Metho- 
dist Episcopal 
Church, which 
Rutherford and 
his wife at- 
tended regularly. 

The building , , , 

continued to be Interior of the 

used by what came to be known as 
the Hayes Memorial Methodist 
Church until 1970, when the con- 
gregation relocated and sold the 
structure to the First Brethren 

The Fremont Brethren congre- 
gation was founded in 1900, 
when a dozen people, under the 
leadership of Elder L.S. Loose, 
began meeting in a room for- 
merly used as a saloon. Their 
first church building was 
completed in 1903, and later 
rebuilt in 1925. The congre- 
gation continued to meet 
in this frame building 
until 1970, when it 
bought the Hayes Meth- 
odist Church building. 
Since purchasing the 
historic building, the 
Fremont Brethren 

sanctuary, showing the pipe organ. 

considerable remodeling. Specifii 
projects have included restoring 
and painting sanctuary and class] 
room walls, paneling the walls am 
putting new floors and carpet h 
the basement, adding new rest 
rooms on the first floor, and put] 
ting a baptismal pool in th(ii 
sanctuary. Exterior work has in 
eluded repainting the brick, ren 
ovating the roof, installing nev 
eaves, and painting the trim. 

In addition to its connectioij 
with ex-President Hayes, th 
church building is noteworthy be 
cause of its fine stained glass win 
dows, unequaled in the area, ac 
cording to Mr. Hahn. The congre 
gation had the windows appraise 
and was told that it would cost $■ 
million to put windows like thes 
in a church today. 

Another outstanding feature c 
the building is its pipe orgari 
which was installed in 1928. Sine 
moving into the building, the Firs 
Brethren Church has taken step 
to have the building listed on th 
National Registry of Histori 
Places and has applied at natiom' 
and state levels for a grant to n 
{continued on next pagi 


The Brethren EvangeliS; 


Moderator's Journal 


With this issue of the Evangelist 
we introduce a new column that will 
ippear periodically throughout the 
coming months. It is a report by 
Moderator Eugene Beekley of his 
travels and activities on behalf of 
The Brethren Church. 

The General Conference Modera- 
or's responsibilities are not limited 
presenting an address at Confer- 
mce and chairing the Conference 
business sessions. Throughout the 
year he chairs the meetings of the 

onference Executive Committee and 
ilso represents The Brethren Church 
it district conferences and at various 
)ther denominational and interde- 
lominational functions. 

In the "Moderator's Journal" Mod- 
erator Beekley will be keeping the 
brethren informed of these activities. 

Getting into the visitation pro- 
gram as General Conference Mod- 
jrator, I left Sarasota, accom- 
janied by my wife Peggy, on 
Wednesday, September 14, in our 
notor home. Our first stop was 
vith Keith and Teresa Hensley at 

Moderator Eugene Beekley 

Hickory, N.C., where we saw the 
building they plan to lease, re- 
model, and use as a temporary lo- 
cation. Keep your eyes open for 
reports on this growing work! 

Friday we drove to the Mt. Olive, 
Va., Brethren Church. Arriving 
late at night, we found them put- 
ting last minute touches on their 
beautiful and commodious new 

(continued from previous page) 
)air the organ, a project that could 
:ost $60,000. 

The afternoon schedule of events 

Stained glass windows in the 
^remont Brethren Church building. 

)CTOBER 1983 

at the First Brethren Church for 
the centennial celebration in- 
cluded a re-enactment of the Au- 
gust 21, 1883, cornerstone-laying; 
guided tours of the church; a lec- 
ture by Emily Apt Greer on "Lucy 
Webb Hayes and Her Religion"; a 
program of "Music Everybody 
Loves" by Evelyn Watson; Pianist 
Cloyd Payne and Organist Ken- 
neth Hahn playing "Hayes Family 
Favorites and/or Dedicated Music"; 
A "Monologue on Lucy Webb 
Hayes" by Iva Sprunk; and a 
hymn sing of "Hymns the Hayes 
Family Loved," led by the First 
Brethren Chancel Choir. 

Several First Brethren members 
also took part in the afternoon 
events at the historical society. 
Brethren vocalist Anita Hahn 
sang "Religious Music — 1983"; 
and the First Brethren Church 
Vocal Ensemble (Ron and Celeste 
Diehl, Anita Hahn, and Wayne 
Livingston) presented "Hayes 
Presidential Campaign Songs." 

education wing in preparation for 
Saturday's Southeastern District 
Conference. It was a pleasure to 
see the fine work being accom- 
plished at Mt. Olive, where Pastor 
Gene and Rita Hollinger are serv- 
ing together with the congregation. 

With Rev. Robert Keplinger 
ably serving as moderator, the dis- 
trict conference was a busy and in- 
spiring day of reports of the past 
and plans for the future. We felt 
privileged to have a part in the con- 
ference. I brought greetings from 
General Conference arid spoke 
briefly to the ministers' group, and 
Peggy spoke to the WMS about the 
work in Colombia. 

Sunday morning we worshiped 
with the Hagerstown, Md., Breth- 
ren, and I brought the morning 
message in the absence of Dr. Bar- 
nett. He and Doris had left after 
the conference on Saturday to 
begin a week of meetings at the 
Oak Hill, W.Va., Brethren Church, 
where Bill Skeldon is pastor. 

When the road west took us near 
Masontown, Pa., late Sunday af- 
ternoon, we detoured to join the 
Brethren there for the evening 
service. Pastor Byler kindly in- 
vited us to speak, following a most 
inspiring song service. 

Monday afternoon we arrived in 
Ashland for a short visit with 
Charlie, Linda, and grandson Tim 
Beekley, while making prepara- 
tions for the General Conference 
Executive Committee meeting on 
Friday evening. 

Back to Sarasota then — about 
2,700 miles round trip. My next 
trip will be to the Midwest District 
Conference at Derby, Kans. 

Pray for us as we travel to 
the various district conferences. 
(Peggy will accompany me when 
possible.) Pray for a renewal and a 
revival in all our congregations as 
we begin Century II for Christ in 
The Brethren Church. Let us all 
continue seeking to know the Lord 
and to practice what we know. 
Because He lives, 
Moderator Eugene Beekley 



Walcrest Brethren sweat for the hungry; 
raise $400 for World Relief 

Mansfield, Ohio — With someone 
dying every three seconds of a 
hunger-related disease (three- 
fourths of whom are children), the 
members of the Walcrest Brethren 
Church decided to do something 
about it. Their response was 
"Super Sweat Saturday," a pro- 
gram introduced by World Relief 
Corporation to use the health and 
enthusiasm of American Chris- 
tians to raise money to help needy 

people around the world. 

Participants in Walcrest's Super 
Sweat Saturday, held June 11, 
asked others to sponsor them in 
various physical activities (sit ups, 
push-ups, etc.), with so-much 
money to be donated to World Re- 
lief for each of these activities per- 
formed. To encourage greater ef- 
fort on the part of the participants, 
each activity was conducted as a 

Long-time attender Walter Daniels 
honored by Mt Pleasant Church 

Mt. Pleasant, Pa. — July 31, 
1983, was Walter E. Daniels, Sr., 
Recognition Day at the Mount 
Pleasant First Brethren Church. 
Mr. Daniels was honored for his 70 
years of attendance at the Mt. 
Pleasant Church and for his years 
of service to the congregation. 

Mr. Daniels began attending the 
Mt. Pleasant Church in 1913 at 
the age of five. For over 35 years 
he has held the offices of deacon, 
Sunday school superintendent, 
and adult Bible class teacher. 

The recognition service was held 
during the Sunday morning wor- 
ship hour. It included songs spe- 
cial to Mr. Daniels and tributes to 
him by members of his family and 
the Mt. Pleasant congregation. 
The church also presented him 
with a shirt, tie, and gold tie bar. 

Among the 86 who attended the 

recognition service were a number 
of members of Mr. Daniel's family, 
including his wife Emma; his son 
Fred and his wife and son; his sis- 
ters Edna Griffith and Blanche 
Daniels; his brother Robert and 
his wife; his grandson Douglas 
Daniels and his wife; and his sis- 
ter-in-law Miss Etta Mae Ramsey. 
Also in attendance were a number 
of nephews, nieces, and special 
friends. One son, Walter E. 
Daniels, Jr., was unable to attend. 

A luncheon was served im- 
mediately following the recogni- 
tion service. 

Rev. Robert N. Stahl is pastor of 
the Mt. Pleasant congregation. 
— reported by Mrs. Donald Daniels 

A total of $400 was raised by\j 
Super Sweat participants. Topi 
money-raiser was Louise Yarman, ; 
who brought in $100. I 

Top performers in the various i 
activities were: Push-ups — Ralph I 
Brown (50), Robby Hughes (40), j 
and JoEllen Dobbins (39); Knit-j 
down (number of stitches knitted | 
or crocheted in three minutes) — , 
Anne Jenkins (141), Candy Hel-j 
linger (139); Sit-ups — Julie Dob-! 
bins (125), Scott Hellinger (116);] 
Staredown (number of seconds! 
without blinking) — Lynn Miller 
(138), Candy Hellinger (108), 
Nicole Hellinger (49); Jumping! 
Jacks — Pastor Tim Gamer (529),; 
Lynn Miller (387), Clara Brown! 
(312). ! 

Major sponsors for Super Sweat i 
Saturday who provided gift certifi-i 
cates as prizes were the Ben' 
Franklin store in Crestline, Col-i| 
ony and Lexington Pharmacies,' 
and the YMCA of Mansfield. Addi-i 
tional sponsors were the Yellow. 
Deli Restaurant and Christian! 
Bookstore, Heft's Cardinal Super-| 
market, and Fitz Willy's Home- 
made Ice Cream. | 

Following the Super Sweat Acj 
tivities and awarding of prizes, a 
picnic supper topped with home- 
made ice cream was enjoyed by all 
— reported by Pastor Tim Garnei\ 

Flora congregation hosts four-church 
celebration of Brethren centennial 

Mr. Walter E. Daniels, Sr. 

Flora, Ind. — Four Indiana 
Brethren churches met together 
on Sunday evening, Jvme 26, to 
celebrate the 100th anniversary of 
The Brethren Church with a meal 
and a time of fellowship. The Flora 
First Brethren Church hosted the 
event, which was held in the 4-H 
building at the Flora Park. The 
other three churches participating 
were the Carmel, Burlington, and 
Kokomo Brethren congregations. 

The 156 people in attendance 
enjoyed a four-course meal of veg- 


etables; homemade bread broker 
and dipped into beef broth; boilec 
beef and potatoes; and raw fniit 
Grape juice was served throughout 
the meal. In accordance with cus 
tom of 100 years ago, the meal waj 
interspersed with singing, prayer 
Scripture reading, praise, and his 
torical presentations. 

During the past four years thes« 

four congregations have made { 

practice of meeting for supper an( 

a service every three months. 

— reported by June Musselmai 

The Brethren Evangelis'! 



Loree Brethren Church celebrates 
one hundredth anniversary 

Bunker Hill, Ind. — The Loree 

' Brethren Church, located seven 
miles south of Peru, Ind., is cele- 
brating its 100th anniversary this 
year. Though started on March 26, 
i 1883, the congregation did not be- 
i come a part of The (Progressive) 
I Brethren Church until 1896. 
I Elder Jonathan Swihart was in- 
•strumental in establishing the 
{congregation. He held a protracted 
'(six weeks) evangelistic meeting 
I in the area, at the conclusion of 
I which the people were convinced 
Ithat they needed a church. At first 
I the congregation met in a small 
schoolhouse, but later moved to 
Biggs barn in order to accommo- 
date the growing number of Breth- 
ren coming west from German 
Baptist settlements in Pennsyl- 
vania and Ohio. 

On August 3, 1885, Oliver and 
Laura Worl deeded an acre of land 
to the congregation on which to 
construct a building. A frame 
meeting house was built in 1891. 

From its beginning the congre- 
gation was known as the Bunker 
Hill Church. But on January 3, 
11893, this was changed to the 
iLoree Brethren Church, from the 
small community in which the 
'church building is located. 

The original frame church build- 
ing soon became too small, so in 
1908 work was begun on a larger 
brick building. This was dedicated 
on January 24, 1909. This build- 
ing continues in use, but two addi- 
tions have been made to the struc- 
ture. The first was dedicated on 
May 22, 1948, and the second — a 

North Georgetown Church 
celebrates 90th anniversary 

North Georgetown, Ohio — The 

iNorth Georgetown First Brethren 
Church celebrated its 90th an- 
niversary on August 14, 1983. 

Rev. Lynn Mercer, a "son" of the 
North Georgetown congregation, 
was the speaker for the anniver- 
sary worship service. Rev. Mercer 
is now pastor of the Waterloo, 
[owa. First Brethren Church. 
I Gary Diehl read an account of 
ithe history of the North George- 
town First Brethren Church, 
which was written by Marjorie 
Btoffer. Charles Stoffer, the oldest 
living member of the congrega- 
tion, presented comments. 

October 1983 

Special music was provided by 
the Romigh sisters — Lettie Close, 
Pam McNeely, and Jenny Romigh. 

Attendance for the anniversary 
service was 103. 

— reported by Marjorie Stoffer 

BYC registration cards 
to have new look 

Ashland, Ohio — The 1983-84 
BYC registration cards will have a 
new look, according to the Board 
of Christian Education. Displayed 
on the back of the cards, along 
with the BYC Covenant, will be 
the Century II logo. The new cards 
will be distributed to registered 
National BYC members after Oc- 
tober 1, 1983. 

40- by 60-foot Christian education 
unit — was dedicated on May 29, 
1960. Also, in 1958 another half 
acre was deeded to the church, on 
which a new parsonage was built 
in 1963. 

Twenty-one ministers have 
served the Loree Church during its 
100 years. Five men from the con- 
gregation have been ordained as 
elders, and many of the church's 
young people have gone into 
Christian service. Rev. Claude 
Stogsdill is the present pastor. 

The Loree Church is celebrating 
its 100th anniversary on October 1 
and 2. On Saturday, October 1, Dr. 
Charles Munson will bring to life 
the character of Henry Holsinger, 
and a historical pageant will re- 
create various scenes from the 
church's past. Dr. Munson will 
also bring the message on Sunday 
morning, October 2. A song fest is 
planned for the afternoon, and a 
Communion service for Sunday 
evening. This will be followed by a 
week of revival meetings, with 
Rev. Brian Moore as evangelist. 
— reported by Joan Bargerhuff 




Delbert Flora, LE. Lindower bring messages 
at Ohio District Conference 

New Lebanon, Ohio — Approxi- 
mately 100 Ohio Brethren gathered 
in the beautiful sanctuary of the 
New Lebanon Brethren Church on 
Saturday, September 10, for the 
inspirational conference of the 
Ohio District. Around 80 of these 
had met together the evening be- 
fore for a time of fellowship that 
included music by the Joint Heirs 
Quartet of New Lebanon (Tom 
Blosser, Roger Shellabarger, Dick 
Winkler, and Mark Weimer, ac- 
companied on the guitar by Don 
Birbal), and a chalk drawing 
meditation on prayer by New 
Lebanon Pastor Donald Rowser. 

The Saturday morning session 
began with singing and special 
music, followed by an inspira- 
tional message by Dr. Delbert 
Flora, professor emeritus of Ash- 
land Theological Seminary. The 
special music included a vocal 
duet by Anita Hahn and Roy 
Cantu of the Fremont First Breth- 
ren Church and a solo by Mr. 

As requested. Dr. Flora used the 
Conference theme, "Rekindling 
the Gift of God," and text, II 
Timothy 1:6 and 7, as his topic. He 
pointed out that "rekindling" is a 
poor translation of the Greek word 
in this text, because it suggests 
that Timothy had allowed the fire 
to die down and needed to start it 
up again. Rather, Paul was telling 
Timothy to "keep the fire burn- 
ing," Dr. Flora stated. 

Applying this truth to Brethren, 
Dr. Flora said that The Brethren 
Church is not dead, nor can we 
build a church by telling people we 
are dying. Grod sent His power 
upon the church and that power is 
still here. Instead of praying for 
God to come down, we need to be- 
stir ourselves — get up and do the 
work. We must tell people who we 
are, what we believe, and what we 
have to offer. We should use the 
Bible and the Brethren ordinances 
to get our message across, he said. 

An hour of auxiliary meetings 

Pictured left to right are district moderator Kenneth Sullivan, speakers Dr. i 
L£. Lindower and Dr. Delbert Flora, district secretary Betty Deardurff,] 
treasurer Tom Stoffer, and statistician Emery Hurd. photo by Howard Mack ; 

followed the morning inspirational 
service, with separate sessions for 
WMS, Laymen, and ministers. 
Then a delicious lunch was served 
by the Junior WMS of the New 
Lebanon Church. 

A short business session began 
the afternoon program. District 
moderator Kenneth Sullivan in- 
troduced Dave Slabaugh, the new 
National BYC moderator, who 
gave a brief report. He related 
that the youth are excited about 
the revival emphasis in The 
Brethren Church, and also about 
their new project — raising money 
for the Home Mission church in 
Shaker Heights, Ohio. 

Charles Munson then gave a few 
details about the district gather- 
ing to pray for revival planned for 
November 5. The gathering will 
take place in the Ohio Wesleyan 
University chapel in Delaware, 
Ohio, with an anticipated 1,000 
Brethren in attendance. 

Other items of business included 
receiving Dr. Fred Finks and Rev. 
James Rowsey into the district 
from other districts and approving 
a change in the district bylaws re- 
garding composition of the district 
board of Christian education. Sev- 
enty-three delegates registered for 
the business session. 

The afternoon inspiration hour 
began with a hymn followed by 

two vocal numbers by Anita Hahn. | 
The moderator then presented Dr.i 
L.E. Lindower, former dean ofl 
Ashland College, who was theil 
speaker for the hour. Dr. Lindower] 
began his message by noting that) 
he had been asked to speak on the j 
same subject as Dr. Flora. This re-j 
minded him, he said, of the textj 
fi-om Hebrews, "And what shall l| 
more say?" ! 

Calling his address "The Mas| 
ter's Mysterious Management," Dri 
Lindower focused on God's use o) 
people. Paul's words in II Timothjj 
were written to Timothy, a mar 
Paul had nurtured in the faith! 
But Paul in turn had been nur| 
tured by Barnabas; and Timothj! 
would also nurture others. Look] 
ing at his own life. Dr. Lindowe;] 
gave brief accounts of those wh(l 
had influenced him to become jI 
Christian and to enter the pastoral 
ministry. He then challenged hii 
listeners to take the faith they ha<| 
received and to likewise "pass ij 
on" — like a relay race. He con! 
eluded his message with thj 
prayer that God would help Breth' 
ren to support one another and t j 
see those who need to be encouii 
aged in the work of the Lord. | 

The spring meeting of the Ohi j 
Conference is scheduled for Marc j 
10, 1984, at the First Brethrel 
Church in Fremont, Ohio. j 


The Brethren Evangelis 


Helen Shively retires from AC library 
after 43 years as reference librarian 

Ashland, Ohio — Rarely in this 
day does anyone spend his or her 
entire career working at one place 
of employment. But this was the 
case with Helen Shively, a member 
of the Ashland Park Street Breth- 
ren Church, who retired in June 
after 43 years of service as refer- 
ence librarian at the Ashland Col- 
lege library. 

Not only did Miss Shively spend 
all her working years at Ashland 
College, she was herself an AC 

"When I was a senior in college 
here, the reference librarian said 
she would stay for one more year," 
she says. "The officials told me 
that I could have a job here when I 
finished library school. I have 
never applied for a job." 

A native of Nappanee, Ind., Miss 
Shively received her B.A. degree 
from AC in 1939. Her year away 
from the college was spent at the 
University of Illinois Library 
j School, where she earned her 
bachelor of library science degree. 

For Miss Shively, being a librar- 

ian was a life-long 
dream, and she 
chose to work in 
a college library 
because she enjoys 
working with 
young people. As 
reference librar- 
ian, she assisted 
students, faculty 
members, and 
area residents in 
locating informa- 
tion for class 
work, papers, and 
speeches. She was 
also documents 
librarian, filing 
government pub- 

During her 43 
years with the 
AC library, she 
saw the facility 
grow tremendous- 
ly. She began 

working in the one-floor library in 
Miller Hall. In 1962 the library 
was moved to a new three-story 

Mini-Mission, Worlc and Worstiip tours 
pianned for late December into January 

Russiaville, Ind. — Mini-Mission 
Tour #2 is being planned as a 
final event of this Centennial Year 
of The Brethren Church. The tour 
is scheduled to begin December 27, 

1983, and to conclude January 3, 

1984. Tour participants will also 
have the opportunity to join in a 
Work and Worship Tour in 
Tijuana from January 7 to 21. 

j The Mini-Mission Tour will 
(focus on the Los Angeles and 
Pasadena, California, area, with 
iside trips to Tijuana, Escondido, 
land San Diego. A visit to San 
iFrancisco and to the Brethren 
Ichurches at Lathrop, Stockton, 
iand Manteca are also possibilities, 
Idepending on the interest of tour 

Some of the special events being 

October 1983 

planned for this tour include a 
visit to the rapidly growing Breth- 
ren churches in Pasadena and 
Monrovia, seats on the Rose 
Parade route on New Year's Day, 
dinner in the world famous 
Coronado Hotel in San Diego, vis- 
its to Air Crusade, Wycliffe Bible 
Translators, Haven of Rest, Crys- 
tal Cathedral, Disney World, the 
San Diego Zoo, and Sea World. 

Cost will be about $120 a day for 
the Mini-Mission Tour, about $20 
a day for the Work and Worship 
Tour. Participants in the Work 
and Worship Tour will help con- 
struct a building on a site recently 
purchased in Tijuana. 

For more information, contact 
James A. Payne, R.R. 3, Box 61, 
Russiaville, IN 46979. 

Library di-ector Dwight Robinson shows Helen 
Shively the cake at a reception held in her honor. 

building. Then in 1972, it was 
moved again into the current nine- 
story location. 

In addition to her work as Ash- 
land College reference librarian. 
Miss Shively has been an active 
member of The Brethren Church, 
serving both locally in the Park 
Street Brethren Church and in the 
National Woman's Missionary So- 
ciety. She has been national WMS 
literature secretary since 1954. 

In 1978 Miss Shively was hon- 
ored as an outstanding Ashland 
College alumna for her dedicated 
service to Ashland College and her 
life-long involvement in the 
church. And during this year's 
General Conference she was recog- 
nized for having only missed one 
General Conference in her lifetime 
(this occuring one summer in the 
1940's when she served as acting 
librarian in Nappanee, Ind.). Even 
as a baby and young child, her 
parents brought her to Conference 
every year. Helen's mother, Mrs. 
U.J. Shively, was National WMS 
president for 32 years. 



Board of Christian Education tiires 
new Administrative Secretary 


Ashland, Ohio — The Board of 
Christian Education of The Breth- 
ren Church has experienced a per- 
sonnel change. Mrs. JuUe Schiefer, 
who served the Board of Christian 
Education from 1978 to mid-Au- 
gust of this year, has resigned, and 
Miss Debra Michael has joined the 

The director of the board, 
Charles Beekley, announced the 
change during his report to Gen- 

eral Conference. He commended 
Mrs. Schiefer's superior work dur- 
ing the last few years and ex- 
pressed his confidence that Miss 
Michael will also make an out- 
standing contribution to the work 
of the Lord. 

Mrs. Schiefer began her work as 
a part-time secretary in the Board 
of Christian Education office while 
still a student at Ashland College. 
During her five years of service 

Naomi and Dan Freshour selected 
Mother, Father of Year at W. Alex. 

West Alexandria — On Mother's 
Day of this year, Naomi Freshour 
was selected Mother of the Year 
by the West Alexandria First 
Brethren Church. Six weeks later, 
on Father's Day, her husband Dan 
was chosen Father of the Year by 
the same congregation. 

Dan and Naomi and their three 
children — Angle (14), Jennifer 
(10), and Danny (3) — take part in 
all activities of the West Alexan- 
dria Church. In addition Dan and 
Naomi assist with the youth 
groups, and Naomi teaches a Sun- 
day school class for four- and five- 

Besides his church work, Dan 
has been a volunteer fireman for 

The Freshours with plaques they re- 
ceived as Mother and Father of the Year. 

ten years in West Alexandria. 
— reported by Luella Painter 

her responsibilities grew and 
changed until she was named Ad- ! 
ministrative Secretary, a full-time i 
position. { 

Julie concluded her work follow- j 
ing this year's General Conference | 
and BYC Convention. She hasi 
joined the faculty of Pioneer Joint 
Vocational School in Shelby, Ohio,j 
as a teacher in the business de- 
partment. Julie is married to Tom 
Schiefer, a student at Ashland 
Theological Seminary, and is the 
mother of a one-year-old daughter, 

Miss Michael, named Adminis- 
trative Secretary for the board, 
was previously employed by Ash- 
land Academy, where she worked 
as secretary and registrar. Her re- 
sponsibilities with the BCE will 
include providing increased ad-^ 
ministrative support for the BYO; 
as well as performing secretarial! 
duties for the total program of the 

Deb is a 1977 graduate of An- 
derson College and has completed 
some course work at Ashland 
Theological Seminary in Christiar 
education. She has been active ir 
youth work in her home churcl" 
(the Lanark, 111. First Brethrer 
Church), in the Ashland Pari 
Street Brethren Church, and ir 
the Northeast Ohio BYC. 


Myron and Ruth Lamb, 54th, October 17. Members of the 
Waterloo First Brethren Church. 

Glade and Mema Miller, 55th, September 27. Members of 
the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Carl EHllman, 56th, September 14. Members 
of the Corinth Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Markley, 60th, September 5. Mem- 
bers of the Johnstown Second Brethren Church. 
Dr. and Mrs. Delbert Flora, 54th, September 2. Members 
of the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. 

Rev. and Mrs. Elmer Keck, 54th, August 29. Members of 

the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. 

Esther and Aldrid Williams, 55th, August 23. Members of 

the South Bend First Brethren Church. 

Dr. and Mrs. L.E. Lindower, 58th, August 16. Members of 

the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. 

Jack and Mary Hoover, 62nd, July 5. Members of tht 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. 
Lawrence and Maud Mishler, 50th, July 5. Members o 
the North Manchester First Brethren Church. 

Elmer and Greraldine Tetzlaff, 52nd, June 27. Members o* 
the South Bend First Brethren Church. 
William and Ruth Meinke, 69th, June 24. Members of thu; 
South Bend First Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Don Leckey, 56th, June 21. Members of thl 

Vinco Brethren Church. 1 

Chester and Opal More, 57th, June 20. Members of th; 

South Bend First Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Rodger Blacksten, 50th, June 17. Member; 

of the Linwood Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. George A. Leidy, 60th, June 12. Members c 

the Vinco Brethren Church. 

Ray and Dorothy Marks, 57th, June 12. Members of tl 

Northwest Brethren Chapel of Tucson. 


The Brethren Evangelisj 



Membership Growth 

Ardmore: 3 by baptism, 3 by transfer 

Cameron: 1 by transfer 

Cheyenne: 7 by baptism, 3 by transfer 

Flora: 1 by transfer 

Masontown: 7 by baptism 

New Paris: 3 by transfer 

North Manchester: 2 by baptism 

Sarasota: 11 by baptism, 3 by transfer 

Sarver: 4 by transfer 

Walcrest: 4 by baptism 


\ndrea Andres to Pete North, September 17, at the Bryan 
First Brethren Church; Marlin L. McCann, pastor, officiat- 
ng. Groom a member of the Bryan First Brethren Church. 
Violly Marlowe to Philip Hurt, August 20, at Battell Park, 
yiishawaka, Ind.; Larry Baker, pastor South Bend First 
brethren Church, officiating. Bride a member of the 
i\rdmore Brethren Chxirch. 

IVngie Denius to Terry Mcintosh, August 20, at the New 
jebanon Brethren Church; Donald E. Rowser, pastor, of- 
ficiating. Members of the New Lebanon Brethren Church. 
Lori Miller to Arthur Hodge, Jr., August 19, at the 
l^dmore Brethren Church; Rev. Arvine Tolle, officiating. 
3ride a member of the Ardmore Brethren Church. 
irracie Benson to Charles Fulmer, Jr., August 5, at the 
l^dmore Brethren Church; Rev. Daniel Cavinder, officiat- 
ing. Bride a member of the Ardmore Brethren Church. 
Holly Suzanne Jones to Kent James Mishler, July 16, at 
Ihe Chesterton, Ind., First United Methodist Church; Rev. 
)loy A. Eaton officiating. Groom a member of the North 
;klanchester First Brethren Church. 

!5im Turner to Jeffrey Denniston, July 16, at the Peru 

■"irst Brethren Church; Stephen Blake, pastor, officiating. 

Members of the Peru First Brethren Church. 

Vlarcie Hoot to Jim Huff, July 2, at the Ardmore Brethren 

Church; Brian Moore, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of 

he Ardmore Brethren Church. 

Margaret Ronk to Donald Matthews, July 2, at St. Bar- 

jiabas Episcopal Church, Natrona Heights, Pa.; Rev. Donald 

!»Iatthews, father of the groom. Rev. Paul Thompson, and 

lev. Arden Gilmer, officiating. Bride formerly a member of 

he Park Street Brethren Church. 

iCristina Luann Moodie to James Lynn Singleton, July 1, 

it the West Alexandria First Brethren Church; Charles 

l^nkney, pastor, officiating. Members of the West Alexandria 

.''irst Brethren Church. 

parol Sue Friedley to Thomas L. KepUnger, June 25, in 

yolumbus, Ohio; Rev. Robert Keplinger, father of the groom, 

•jfficiating, assisted by Carl Roepcke. Bride and groom attend 

'ark Street Brethren Church. 

peanna L. Holsopple to Carl Mark Phillips, June 18, at 
he Vinco Brethren Church; Carl Phillips, father of the 
joom and pastor, officiating. Members of the Vinco Breth- 
len Church. 

Fo Lynn Haecker to Bill Hays, June 12, at the North Man- 
hester First Brethren Church; Archie Nevins, pastor, of- 
iciating. Bride a member of the North Manchester First 
brethren Church. 

Kathleen Wilson to Jonathan Dowdy, June 11, at the 
iasontown Brethren Church; Rev. Earnest Bearinger, 
randfather of the groom, officiating, assisted by Robert 0. 


Byler, pastor of the Masontown Church. Bride a member of 
the Masontown Brethren Church; groom a member of the 
Sarasota First Brethren Church. 

Cheryl Burch to James Macke, April 9, at Butler Univer- 
sity, Indianapolis, Ind.; Rev. Woodrow Immel and Father 
Patrick Harpemow officiating. Bride a member of the North 
Manchester First Brethren Church. 

In i^lemory 

Verl Rotsel, 69, September 8. Member of the Bryan First 
Brethren Church. Services by Marlin L. McCann, pastor. 
Ellen E. Funk, 62, September 1. Member of the Waterloo 
First Brethren Church. Services by Lynn Mercer, pjistor. 
Marie Cook, 70, August 31. Member of the College Comer 
Brethren Church. Services by St. Clair Benshoff, pastor. 
Willis A. Baer, August 28, in La Puente, California. Willis 
Baer was the son of George S. Baer, editor of The Brethren 
EvANGEUST from 1919 to 1935. 

Maude Edwards, 80, August 27. Member of Ashland Park 
Street Brethren Church. Services by Arden Gilmer, pastor. 
Miss Edwards was one of the first woman school principals 
in Ohio. From 1966 until 1974, she served as an associate 
professor of speech at Ashland College. 

Walter M. Fiant, 87, August 26. Member for 63 years of the 
College Comer Brethren Church. Services by St. Clair Ben- 
shoff, pastor, and Arthur Tinkel. 

Martha D. Olinger, 79, August 6. Member of the North 
Manchester First Brethren Church. Services by Woodrow 
Immel, former pastor. 

Robert E. Lewis, 72, July 18. Member and deacon for 43 
years in the Tiosa Brethren Church. Services by Don Snell, 
pastor, and Rev. Wayne Swihart. 

Bemice Dewitt, 68, July 14. Member for 22 years of the 
Huntington First Brethren Church. Services by James C. 
Vandermark, pastor. 

Pauline Berry, 60, July 12. Member of the Flora First 
Brethren Church. Services by Alvin Grumbling, pastor. 

Esther Colditz, 87, July 8. Member for 49 years of the 
Ardmore Brethren Church. Services by Brian Moore, pastor. 
Helen V. Finks, 71, July 7. Member and deaconness of the 
Maurertown Brethren Church. Services by Richard Craver, 

Rachel Ellen Maxton, 65, July 1. Member of the Hunt- 
ington First Brethren Church. Services by James C. Vander- 
mark, pastor, assisted by Rev. August Hacker and Rev. 
Rodney Thomas. 

Thomas W. McAhster, 59, June 15. Member of the Louis- 
ville Brethren Bible Church. Services by Charles Lowmas- 
ter, pastor. 

Duke L. Shaver, 85, June 10. Member of the Maurertown 
Brethren Church. Services by Kent Bennett, former pastor, 
and Richard Craver, pastor. 

Ora Deer, 90, June 8. Member and deaconess of the Cerro 
Gordo Brethren Church. Services by Stephen S. Cole, pastor. 
Alice Schrader, 93, May 27. Member of the South Bend 
First Brethren Church. Services by Larry Baker, pastor. 
Florence Sholly, 93, May 10. Member for 75 years and 
deaconess of the South Bend First Brethren Church. Services 
by Larry Baker, pastor. 

Inez F. (Gnunpp) Wray, 89, April 20. Member for over 60 
years of the Pern First Brethren Church. Services by 
Stephen Blake, pastor. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

as i see it 

An Open Letter to the Evangelism Committee 

I awoke this morning feeling compelled to write to 
you concerning the importance of the 55 or so minutes 
of discussion that took place during a General Confer- 
ence business session about the 1983 peace resolution. 
It was my understanding that the Evangelism Com- 
mittee was formed in response to statements that the 
discussion mentioned above was wasteful, since that 
precious time could have been spent evangelizing 
others. It was also mentioned that any decision that 
Brethren make concerning this issue would have no 
real impact on the world. However, this discussion 
and others like it are very important. I say this be- 
cause of my own experience. 

I was not bom into the Brethren family as many 
were. My mother and father have had nothing to do 
with God since I was an infant. My great-grandpar- 
ents came to the U.S. as German Lutherans. I strug- 
gled with what I felt Grod was calling me to ever since 
I was in the eighth grade. I was a member of a Luther- 
an Church-Missouri Synod, but felt somehow unsatis- 
fied — as though something important was lacking. 
This church just didn't seem to have the fire and zeal 
of the early church described in Acts, nor did it seem 
in the least at odds with our culture. This seemed 
strange to me since so much of what Jesus taught 
would turn any culture on this earth upside-down. 

I came to Ashland College through a series of spe- 
cial "circumstances" which could only have been ar- 
ranged by one "Person," I know. Here I was gradually 
introduced to The Brethren Church and was involved 
in it marginally for nearly two years, when I ran 
across a fascinating book describing the beliefs and 
lifestyle of the early and Progressive Brethren. After 
reading this book, I felt compelled by their untiring 
desire to become more like Jesus, their "other-worldli- 
ness," and their life-consuming efforts to translate aU 
of Jesus' words into a daily way of living, wholly de- 
voted to Him. 

In the early Brethren and Progressive movement I 
thought I sensed what had been missing before, that 
being a Christian was more than mere religion. It was 
a lifestyle in which they tried to live wholeheartedly 
for Jesus Christ, with every area of their lives in sub- 
mission to the words and example of their one and 
only Lord. It was because of their lifestyle of nonvio- 
lence and total devotion and service afire for Jesus 
that I became baptized into the Brethren branch of the 
family of God. 

Hearing the Church of the Brethren representative 
speaking for the Brethren Encyclopedia at the end of 
Wednesday's business session confirmed to me that 
my experience is not isolated. He told the story of a 
group of Brazilians who read a book about the history 
of the early Brethren and were so impressed with its 
likeness to the early church in Acts that they sent a 


letter to the Brethren Press in Elgin (publishers of the 
book) requesting that someone be sent to baptize them 
and disciple them in the ways of Brethren. 

All this having been said, any resolution that re- 
affirms who we are as "Brethren" and our commit- 
ment to living Jesus' words is well worth any time 
needed for us to come to consensus. Such resolutions 
stand as statements of faith and witness to others. 

Can we evangelize others into the faith if we are un- 
clear as to what we are discipling them to? Shouldn't 
we all count the cost? Do we call them to do nothing ■. 
more thtm confess Jesus — which Scripture says even i 
the demons do and shudder. As Jesus' own people, we 
are called to more than confession. We are called to a 
whole life directed and motivated in every breath, 
every action, and every fiber of our beings by our one 
and only Lord Jesus Christ! For truly, there is no part- 
time Christian service. We must be fully His! 

As you meet as a committee, I hope and pray that 
you will keep these things in mind. We as The Breth- 
ren Church need encouragement to greater and great- 
er commitment to Jesus, so that when He returns we ' 
are striving towards that perfection which we will re- 
ceive in Him. What is the current witness of Brethren ij 
lifestyle? Do our lives speak Jesus' words as j 
eloquently as they could to those who don't know ! 
Him? Those who will not hear His words in spoken or i 
written form cannot help but see Him in the lives of i 
those who truly love Him. 

Erica Weidenhamer | 
St. Petersburg, Fla. j 

The Brethren Evangelist welcomes readers' opinions \ 
on significant issues of concern to Brethren people. I 

Conference Postscripts 

A noteworthy occurrence diu"ing the "Centennial j 
Celebration" of The Brethren Church was the presence ! 
on the Conference platform at one time of representa- j 
tives from all five Brethren groups — the Old German j 
Baptist Brethren, the Fellowship of Grace Brethren! 
Churches, the Dunkard Brethren, the Church of thej 
Brethren, and The Brethren Church. The men were inj 
Ashland for a meeting of the Board of Directors of the i 
Brethren Encyclopedia. ; 

Conference Offerings. Offerings taken nightly to de-j 
fray Conference expenses totaled $2,158.84. Another 
$435 had been received from sponsors in advance, bring- i 
ing the total Conference offering to $2,593.84. This sur-| 
passed the anticipated $2,000 that had been budgeted! 
It was also separate from the $2,939.04 received or! 
Sunday morning, from which Sunday expenses were de- ; 
ducted, with the rest going to the Missionary Board l 
Donations of about $1,300 were also received for Worlc 
Relief at the sack lunch on Wednesday. 

The Brethren Evangelis7 


) 1984 


? ■ 



James A. Pa5nne, Rt. 3, Box 61, Russiaville, IN 

46979. Phone (317) 883-7149 
1st Vice President 

Richard Morris, 4915 Botsford Dr., Columbus, 

OH 43277. Phone (614) 861-3003 
Vice President — Boys' Brotherhood 

Terry Voorhees, CR Box 20, Div. Line East, 

Flora, IN 46929. Phone (219) 967-3983 
1 Secretary 

! Harold W. Baker, 104 West Fourth St., North 
! Manchester, IN 46962. Phone (219) 982-4600 
Assistant Secretary 

Norman E. Grumbling, Jr., 114 Cambridge Rd., 

Johnstown, PA 15905. Phone (814) 255-3254 


Charles W. King, 12483 Tyler Road, Lakeville, 
IN 46536. Phone (219) 784-3652 
Assistant Treasurer 
Carl Shirar, Box 303, Burlington, IN 46915. 
Phone (317) 566-3532 


1984 — James Harris, Ohio District; Donald Huse, 

California District; Joseph Miller, Florida 

1985 — Homer Omdorff, Southeast District; Mil- 

ford Brinegar, Midwest District 

1986 — Fred Horn, Sr., Indiana District; Floyd 

Benshoff, Pennsylvania District; Owen 
Nye, Central District 




1) Each organization send a list of officers or laymen representative and addresses 
with $2 dues for each member to the National Treasurer by April 1, 1984. 

2) At least 60% of membership participating in an organized Bible Study or Prayer 

3) Organize and promote at least one (1) "Men and Boys" event during the year. 

4) One Public Service with an offering for the National Work, to be sent to the 
National Treasurer by December 31, 1984. 

5) A contribution for the National Project sent to the Treasurer monthly or brought to 
the Laymen's Session at (Jeneral Conference. 

6) Encourage one or more laymen to prepare, in co-operation with their pastor, to con- 
duct or provide lay leadership for a worship or midweek service of the church. 

7) Encourage laymen, in co-operation with the Director of Pastoral Ministries, to be- 
come involved in a program of equipping themselves for "tent-making," counseling, 
or pastoring duties. 


Brethren Seminary Student Scholarship $1,000 

Brethren Student Ashland College Scholarship 1,000 

Growth Partners Club 40 

Brethren Publishing Company Endowment Fund 500/yr 

Campus Ministry 2,500 

Riverside Christian Training School 500 

Project money should be sent MONTHLY to Treasurer Charles W. King 
12483 Tyler Rd., Lakeville, IN 46536 

ATTENTION LAYMEN — Please clip and retain this page for addresses and goals. 


Park Street Church sponsors 
100% attendance Sunday 

! li 

! I 

I I 

Ashland, Ohio — Having 100% 
attendance on a Sunday morning 
is probably every pastor's and 
Sunday school superintendent's 
dream. On September 11, 1983, 
Park Street Brethren Church of 
Ashland made it the concern of 
each of its members and regular 
attenders, as the church sponsored 

"100% Attendance Sunday." 

In the weeks prior to the big 
event, flyers were sent out, posters 
put up, letters mailed containing 
attendance sheets for the day, and 
phone calls made. The goal was to 
have 100% of the participating 
members, regular attenders, and 
their families present for either of 

1 I 



A series of district gatherings 
of Brethren to pray for an 
outpouring of God's Spirit. 

A time for Brethren to open their 
hves to a visitation from the Lord. 

A service of music, word, and prayer. 
Theme Verses 

Isaiah 64:1 

"O that thou wouldst 

rend the heavens 
and come down . . . ." 

Habakkuk 3:2 

"O Lord, revive thy 
work in the midst 
of the years . . . ." 


October 7 
Midwest District 

October 29 
Indiana District 

November 18 
Southeastern District 

December 3 
Florida District 

October 15 
Southwest District 

November 5 
Ohio District 

November 19 
Pennsylvania District 

February 10 
Central District 


(Date to be announced) 

California District 

Place of meeting will be announced 
in each district. 

Plan to attend the gathering 
in your district. 

the two morning worship services,) 
and to have 100% attendance ini 
each of the Sunday school classes^ 

A total of 390 people attendeJ 
worship on "100% Attendance! 
Sunday," only three short of the 
all-time high for Park Streeti 
(which occurred last Easter), an<i 
254 people attended Simdayi 
school. That figured out to be 67%i 
of those on the worship attendance] 
sheets and 75% of those on the' 
Sunday school roll. Another sig- 
nificant feature of the day was the 
reception of six new members dur- 
ing each of the worship services. 

In addition to being "100% At- 
tendance Sunday," September 11 
was special for another reason. It 
marked the first anniversary ol, 
the beginning of the two worship 
service/two Sunday school format 
adopted by Park Street in order tc 
expand its outreach capabilities tc 
the Ashland community. This spe- 
cial Sunday emphasized the waj 
Grod is working in the midst of tht 
people of Park Street, while also 
pointing to the potential the 
church has to reach the lost wit 
the Good News of Christ. 

— James Miller, Associate Pasto) 

^ b: CO 


n 3 n> 
:x tr ^ 

K Cfl fl> 




O C« 

O c-^ 

t— O 

J-* T 

CD i-" 

■- Oq O 




w^ The Bremren 


November 1983 

A time 
to share 


Lord, we thank you for 
all the rich blessings you 
have brought to our lives. 
Help us to share our faith 
and good fortune with all 
the family of man, that 
they too may know these 
riches. Lead us to a new 
understanding of brother- 

i(»CH - * 

Learning From Our Heritagd 

by Dale R. Staffer 

The Devotional Life 

APART of our Brethren heritage that 
seems Httle known or practiced today is 
a vital devotional life. One of the movements 
that greatly influenced the early Brethren 
was Pietism. Among other things, this move- 
ment stressed the importance of the indi- 
vidual's spiritual life. The early Brethren car- 
ried over this emphasis into their practice, 
encouraging individuals and families to 
spend time in prayer, Bible reading, and 
hymn singing. 

Following is a description of family devo- 
tions in a typical Brethren home at the end of 
the 1700's and the beginning of the 1800's. It 
comes from the autobiography of Jacob 
Bower, a Baptist preacher who had been 
raised in a Brethren (Tunker) home. 

Thank God for pious parents. . . . My par- 
ents belonged to the denomination of chris- 
tians called Tunkers, as early as I can recol- 
lect, my Father kept up regular morning and 
evning [sic] worship in the family. Com- 
monly he would read a chapter in the Ger- 
man Testament, then sing a hymn in Grer- 
man, then say a prayer in the same lan- 
guage, and [we] were taught to sing with 
them. We were instructed in such [religious] 
lessons as we were able to understand. 

Allow me a brief digression. Singing played 
a very important part not only in the public 
worship of the Brethren but also in their fam- 
ily devotions. In fact, some of the early Breth- 
ren were prolific hymn writers. Brethren 
have viewed the singing of hymns as a means 
of enhancing the worship experience of God's 
people. Let us not overlook this avenue for 
enriching our devotional lives. 

Scripture reveals the importance of both 
personal and family devotions. Throughout 
the Psalms, David and other writers give evi- 
dence of their deep dependence on and trust 
in God, which arises from their meditation on 
God's word. 

Psalm 1 indicates that consistent medita- 

tion on Scripture yields a life of strength, sti 
bility, and fruitfulness (see also Psalm 63:1 
8). Psalm 119:11 teaches that when we tah 
Scripture to heart, it will enable us to resii' 
sin. A similar truth is taught in Hebrev! 
5:12-14, where we are reminded that feedir! 
on and practicing the deep truths of God 
word will yield "senses trained to discei! 
good and evil." j 

Paul also exhorts us to make prayer such ; 
natural part of our daily lives that we talj 
all our concerns to God (Phil. 4:6; see aLj 
Eph. 6:18; I Thess. 5:17; Col. 4:2). } 

Both Testaments remind parents of the r' 
sponsibility they bear to oversee the spirituj 
development of their children. Deuterononij 
6:6-7 indicates this task is not to be tak(| 
lightly. Proverbs 22:6 reveals why. If we traj 
our children in God's ways, they have a heri 
age of faith that will guide them througho j 
their lives. This was true in Timothy's lil 
for the Apostle Paul testifies that the god 
example and teachings of Timothy's moth 
and grandmother were behind Timothy's ov! 
sincere faith and knowledge of Scripture i| 
Tim. 1:5; 3:14-15). | 

You no doubt have heard the adage, "T' 
family that prays together stays together." 
recent survey bears out this bit of wisdoi 
Among families that attend church regular 
only one of twenty-five ends in divorce (t 
national average is nearly one divorce i)' 
every two marriages). In families that ha| 
family devotions together, the ratio drops* 
one divorce for every 1,100 marriages. If yi 
want the best preventive medicine for famj' 
breakups, here it is! j 

As individuals and families we need to tap 
a lesson from Scripture and our Brethrji 
heritage. We must not be content with Vi 
spiritual growth we may obtain by two hoi 3 
in church per week. A spirit that is fed oi/ 
two hours a week is doomed to slow starj- 
tion. ] 

The Brethren Evangel ir 


^r\ The Brethren -| • . 


Serving The Brethren Church 
throughout its one hundred years. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


I Richard C. Winfield 


Alvin Shifflett 
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Business Manager: 

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Business Office: 

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Phone: (419) 289-1708 

Published monthly for The Brethren 
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|5ingle-copy price: 80C 
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i\1ember. Evangelical Press Association 

Vol. 105, No. 11 

November 1983 



China Today 

Dr. Joseph R. Shultz shares insights into Chinese life he 
gained from visiting China earlier this year. 

A Congress for Practitioners 

Dr. Juan Carlos Miranda presents his reflections on the Inter- 
national Conference for Itinerant Evangelists. 

This We Believe 

In Part Two of this series, Dr. Jerry Flora looks at what Breth- 
ren believe about life in Christ and life in the church. 

I ■«■ I 

Home Missions 

12 Home Missions ... A Report 

An introduction to this section on Home Mission churches and 
special ministries, by Rev. James R. Black 

Expecting a Prayer Miracle 

at Medina Bible Fellowship 
Homes Mission and Evangelism 

Rev. James R. Black declares that the task of evangelizing our 
friends and neighbors must take on greater urgency in The 
Brethren Church. 

Experiencing God's Blessing 

at Brethren Fellowship of the Savior 

Growth and Expectancy at 

Conover Brethren Bible Fellowship 

Barr is Installed in Sarver Brethren Church 

Potential for Growth 

at Smoky Row Brethren Church 







2 Learning From Our Heritage 

7 The Salt Shaker 
18 Update 

A request from ttte Social Concerns Committee 

j What concerns you about the society in which we live? If 

you have an answer to this question, then you have an open 

Joor to minister the gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ. The 

Social Concerns Committee would like to be a resource 

center for literature or training or whatever your need. But to 

38 effective, we need to hear from you. 

i The goal of this committee is to minister the life of Jesus 

Christ to people who are torn and hurt and broken. We are 

not out to begin a campaign against something or to make 

statements to make the Brethren look good. 

' We need to hear from you in order to do the job you have 

November 1983 

elected us to do. What social concerns do you have? What 
resources do you need? What biblical understandings do we 

We on the Social Concerns Committee have some of our 
own ideas, but we would like to hear from you about the 
needs where you live. We would like to hear from you soon, 
over the next month particularly. But anytime during the year 
you may write to: Brethren Social Concerns, c/o Don Snell, 
Chairman, R.R. 5, Box 247, Rochester, IN 46975. You 
may also contact Elton Whitted, Bonnie Munson, or Paul 

China Today 

Dr. Joseph R. Shultz shares insights into Chinese 
life he gained from visiting China earlier this year. 

CHINA is a very big land with a fascinat- 
ing, ancient culture. Slightly larger in 
land area than the United States, China con- 
tains one-fourth of the world's population — 
one billion people! It is a political factor of 
primary importance in the Far East, espe- 
cially with regard to relationships between 
the United States and Russia. It is an area of 
the world with a potential for rapid economic 
and technological growth in the next genera- 
tion. It is also an area with one of the fastest 
Christian growth rates in the world! For all 
these reasons — and many others — China 
must be an important consideration in our 
political, economic, social, and Christian 

One billion people in China have an ample 
supply of good food, including many vegeta- 
bles, fruits, and delicious fish and fowl. Ag- 
riculture has been one of the successful areas 
of development since 1949. By striking con- 
trast, the people of China under the 
Nationalist regime of Chiang Kai-shek did 

Dr. Shultz is President of Ashland College. He 
visited China this past summer as a participant in 
the Ashland College sponsored Study Tour of the 
People's Republic of China. 

not have ample food. The Communist People' 
Republic of China made food supply a priorit; 
in its regime and has been successful in de 
veloping agriculture to the point that the na 
tion can feed its one billion people with som 
food left over. 

The Chinese people are flexible and will ad 
just even their political system to meet th 
realities of life. The communes of China ar 
now in their fourth organizational structur 
since Communism took over in 1949. Th 
Chinese learned that pure Socialism did no 
work sufficiently, that cooperatives likewis 
did not fulfill their needs, and that Com 
munism itself was insufficient. Therefor 
they have adopted a method of managemen 
for their communes that is very similar t 
that used in Israel. Each commune has it 
own elected general manager and governin 
committee, establishes its own goals both i 
agriculture and industry, and "pays" peopl 
from the "profits" of the commune. 

It is also true that some acreage as well a 
land along highways and rivers is used fo 
private production for the free markets in th 
cities. This is a new emergence of the privati 
enterprise system in China. 

The Brethren Evangelis 

The cultural revolution is the single most 
striking event in recent Chinese history. 
Chairman Mao, who was so very successful in 
the initial stages and military aspects of the 
cultural revolution, found it difficult to form 
a stable government. In addition, he became 
ill and this gave his wife and other govern- 
ment officials considerably more power. 

In 1966 the cultural revolution was launched, 
and it continued for approximately ten years. 
Not only students, but also adults, joined the 
organization called the "Red Guards." They 
held demonstrations, burned and destroyed 
libraries, entered school classrooms and beat 
teachers to death, exported physicians and 
newspaper editors to Mongolia, and brought 
|devastation to the country. The pastor of the 
IShanghai Community Church was forced to 
work in an umbrella factory for ten years 
]so that he might understand the Communist 
I society. 

The Chinese people finally brought these 
particular Communist leaders to trial and 
'sentenced one to be executed and three to life 
imprisonment. They now have the ignomini- 
ous title of "Gang of Four." The Chinese 
people are quite outspoken about this tragic 
period in their history. 

j These years of diabolic destruction prob- 
ably set the nation of China back at least 
twenty years. Peking University has a lovely 
'library building, but very few books. Elemen- 
tary and secondary schools continue to work 
hard for the certification of their teachers. 
Some schools are proud when even 30 to 40 
percent of their teachers are college or uni- 
versity trained. 

There is a general need for trained and 

A dormitory under construction at the Jenling Union Theological 
Seminary in Peking. Thousands of Christians are seeking biblical 
and theological training in China today. 

November 1983 

Dr. Shultz with Pastor Shen in front of the church 
building of the Shanghai Community Church. 

educated people across the total spectrum of 
the economic, educational, and political sec- 
tors of China. This need is demonstrated by 
the experience of one of the trustees of Ash- 
land College, who sent his product to China 
but has not received payment. We asked a 
Chinese friend how this could happen. He 
replied that the people in government can- 
not read the contracts, and therefore they be- 
come suspicious of the price and get em- 
broiled in bureaucracy. 

-nr On the other hand, the 

'^ Chinese are a very intelligent 

and industrious people. They 
are making great efforts to be- 
come educated in all sectors of 
their society. For example, we 
gave an issue of Reader's Di- 
gest to our guide one evening 
and by the next morning she 
had read it through and passed 
it on to one of her fellow 

We were not allowed to visit 
some schools because students 
were engaged in several weeks 
of intense study for tests for 
possible admission to a univer- 
sity. Still, only 18 percent of 
the high school graduates are 
(continued on next page) 

able to enter universities. And in China, stu- 
dents do not get a second chance. If they do 
not get into a university following graduation 
from high school, their entire work life is de- 
termined by committee assignment. 

We asked one Chinese leader what hap- 
pened between China and Russia. He re- 
sponded that the Russians were not really 
their "brothers." The Russians came, loaned 
them money, but charged very high interest 
and collected every penny. He said, "Russians 
really take advantage of all people wherever 
they go!" This breach between China and 
Russia is the basis for the United States to 
cultivate the friendship of the Chinese wher- 
ever possible. 

Christianity is also a renewed phenomenon 
in China. Christianity first entered China in 
A.D. 781. Yet by 1949, when the Communist 
People's Republic of China took over, there 
were only 840,000 Christians throughout 
China. By contrast, from 1949 to 1982 Chris- 
tianity grew to five million registered Chris- 
tians with another estimated 40 million un- 
registered Christians in house churches. How 
can we account for the fact that during a 33- 
year period the number of Christians in 
China grew fiftyfold? All of this occurred 
without church buildings, church literature, 
church organization as we know it, and even 
without political freedom. 

When the Jenling Union Theological Semi-j, 
nary was reopened in Nanking, there werei 
2,000 applicants for 42 places and 40,000| 
applicants for Bible training from across the! 
country! The students who were admitted^ 
were university graduates with excellent rec- 
ords who could read in several languages. 
The library has been re-established with| 
22,000 valuable volumes. 

From 1949 to 1982 Christianity 
in China, without buildings^ lit- 
erature, or political freedom, grew 
from less than one million Chris- 
tians to Gve million registered 
believers with another estimated 
40 million unregistered Chris- 
tians in house churches. 

A section of the Great Wall of China. 

We visited the Shanghai Community 
Church, a beautiful structure that has been 
refitted and now holds a full schedule of serv 
ices. The Thursday night that we visited the! 
pastor we heard a 50-voice choir practicing' 
that sounded magnificent. On Sunday morn-; 
ing two services fill the sanctuary with 75C; 
people, with another 250 in the chapel and ar| 
additional 300-400 people in other rooms. The] 
church has adequate funding from its own of | 
ferings and has a goal of opening three ne>^j 
churches a year in Shanghai. ! 

Likewise, the Canton Zion Church holds; 
two services each Sunday with approximately | 
1,000 worshipers per service. The vestibule! 
balcony, and outside overflow are filled witlj 
people. The congregation is made up of everj 
age group, and we were delighted to see th< 
church choir composed of teenagers. 

There was a lady at the Chinese worshiji 
service who was most pleasant and gracious 
She explained that her job was to travej 
around the province to promote the work o 
Christian education. How can we Brethreij 
"rest in Zion" while in China, under Comj 
munist rule, a lady uses a bicycle, bus, carti 
or any other means of transportation to trave; 
around the province training teachers and de| 
veloping programs for the spreading of th' 
gospel? I 

The Great Wall of China is one of thj 
tourist attractions of the world. It stretchei 
for thousands of miles over the mountains ci 
China's ancient provinces. What was once J 
line of defense is now an attraction foi 
tourists. Somehow one comes away from thij 
great land of China with a feeling that wherj 
the walls are broken down, Christianity ha! 
grown significantly, to the glory of God. [11 

The Brethren Evangelis 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

r > 

A Resurgence of Religion 

IT is a shock to many of us, in this late hour, 
that religion has held its own, indeed, 
:ome back with amazing strength and tenac- 
iity. Our culture, which depends so heavily 
bn scientific methods and technological prog- 
ress, has been pulled up short by religions of 
levery sort and color. Ironically, what has re- 
appeared is what most of us in evangelical 
churches would consider the "warts" of soci- 
J8ty, i.e., those religions antithetical to our 
Some of these "new" groups are well- 
nown, such as the "Moonies" (the Unifica- 
ion Church of the Korean Sun Myung Moon); 
he Hare Krishna movement; the Mun Bag- 
wan; etc. Many of these we label "new reli- 
gions," and we often lump them together in 
|3o-called "youth religions." 
But alongside these new religions has come 
resurgence of ancient religions which date 
back to the 6th century B.C. or so — those reli- 
jgions based on teachings of Buddha, Con- 
fucius, Zoroaster, Lao Tze, etc. All of them 
iseem to be doing well on planet earth. 
j The disturbing thing to many theologians 
is that religions are making inroads into the 
sophisticated society of our Western world. 
They are no longer Third World mystical 
phenomena. Religions are not dead in our 
•present culture. And the Christian church 
Imust face up to this fact. 
I What is the reason for this phenomenal 
igrowth of religions? Certainly the "one world" 
or "shrinking world" concept has contributed 
to it. Also there's been a noticeable decline of 
Western dominance, and let's face it, we 
Ichose to export our Christianity with democ- 
racy. Whenever and wherever democracy has 
failed, it has pulled Christianity down with 

I Sparks fly over the question, "What is the 
truth?" C.S. Lewis once asked, "Does all 
truth, or at least a 'hint' of truth, reside in all 
religions?" This question thrusts us face to 

November 1983 

face with the words of our Lord, "I am the 
way, the truth, and the life." So where does 
that leave Buddha, or Zoroaster, or Con- 
fucius, etc? 

The traditional theological position of 
Christianity is to reject religious pluralism. 
At the center of our faith is the belief that 
Jesus of Nazareth was Gk)d, the only occasion 
when Grod became incarnate in this world. 
This is the most significant point regarding 
our faith. It sets Christianity apart from the 
religions of the world. Therefore, we cannot 
accept the writers words in the movie. Oh, 
God, when George Burns (acting as God) 
identifies himself as Buddha, Jesus, Ghandi, 

Berdyaev said, "Man is incurably religious." 
And the dogma of the church is. There is 
only one Messiah, that being Jesus. This 
concept propelled the 19th century mission- 
ary movement — "Outside Christianity, no 
salvation!" Obviously, it is a concept the 
world, especially the world's religions, will 
not accept. 

But there is one good thing about religions. 
They may cause us to look at ourselves more 
critically, for many religions are from the 
Third Wjorld — the lands of the poor and the 
oppressed. These people are in a definitive 
struggle for existence. It should force us (who 
hold truth and major resources) into a deeper 
articulation of the biblical witness that 
Christ offers peace, justice, love, hope, and 

When presenting the Person and saving 
work of Jesus Christ, we must also articulate 
these other themes. For the Bible was origi- 
nally a revolutionary book. Let's not tame it 
by our silence. I think our failure in many of 
these areas to both articulate and act (faith 
and works) has only produced more messiahs 
and more religions. It is in our failure to ful- 
fill the Great Commission that other religions 
succeed. [t] 

)• 1 
I , I 






Dr. Billy Graham brings a message during one of the 
inspirational sessions at the International Conference for Itinerant Evangelists. 

A Congress for Practitioners 

by Juan Carlos Miranda 

Nearly 4,000 evangelists from around the world 
gathered in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, July 12 
for ten days of inspiration, training, and fellowship 
at the International Conference for Itinerant Evange- 
lists. The conference, also called Amsterdam 83, 
was sponsored by the Billy Graham Association. 

Dr. Juan Carlos Miranda, Supervisor of Breth- 
ren Hispanic Ministries in Mexico and Southern 
California, attended Amsterdam 83, accompanied 
by his wife Maria. In the following article, Dr. 
Miranda shares his reflections on the conference. 

AMSTERDAM 83 was called the "Interna- 
tional Congress for Itinerant Evange- 
lists." But for me, as I attended this gather- 
ing last July, it was a "Congress for Prac- 
titioners." I believe that this was the reason 
for the success of this conference and for its 
positive atmosphere. 

Many evangelical international congresses 
of the past have been known as long and 
argumentative meetings. They have been 
attended by theologians, theoreticians, and 
some practitioners. But Amsterdam 83 was 
attended by practitioners. 

Of the nearly 4,000 participants, 70% came 
from the Third World, with only 30% from 

Europe and the United States. The latte 
group also included some people like Marii 
and me who, even though we live in tb 
United States, are originally from the Thir( 
World. The largest representation came fron 
Asia. But all the participants, who came fror 
133 different countries, had one thing ii 
mind: "To do the work of an evangelist." 

The Billy Graham Evangelistic Associatioi 
should be commended for its vision in spon 
soring the conference and for its work ii 
bringing men and women of God from all ove 
the world to this meeting. Someone saiij 
about the conference, "Never before in historj 
has there appeared in any one place such ;' 
rich and authentic display of the true vitalit; ; 
at the grass roots-levels of the world church. | 

Even though several high-powered, inter} 
nationally-known speakers shared the plati 
form, it was the evangelists themselves wh| 
held the spotlight. Some were barely literate j 
while others had earned advanced degree^ 
from prestigious theological seminaries. I 

Mr. Graham told participants that he ha f 
been dreaming for many years of such a corj 


The Brethren Evangelis 


ference. His goals for the meeting were that 
the evangelists be renewed spiritually, be 
given new tools to help them be more effec- 
tive, and be challenged with a new vision of 
the task. 

As Maria and I worked personally with 
some of the Hispanics that were present, we 
both felt that much remains to be done. We 
wished as the days went by that more Breth- 
ren evangelists from the Third World would 

have been invited or could have attended. We 
are sure it would have helped each of our 
fields to have been represented. The spirit 
that these people could have taken back 
would have been a blessing locally. Fortu- 
nately, one of our men, Prasanth Kumar from 
India, was invited and was able to attend, 
and we are sure that he shares our feelings. 
We also felt that some English-speaking 

{continued on next page) 

The Amsterdam Affirmations 

Evangelists at the International Conference de- 
clared their commitment to Jesus Christ and His 
calling in the following affirmations. These affirma- 
tions deserve careful consideration by all Chris- 
tians, not just evangelists. How many of them can 
you affirm? 


We confess Jesus Christ as God, our Lord and 
Savior, who is revealed in the Bible, which is the 
infallible Word of God. 


We affirm our commitment to the Great Commis- 
sion of our Lord, and we declare our willingness to 
go anywhere, do anything, and sacrifice anything 
God requires of us in the fulfillment of that com- 


I We respond to God's call to the biblical ministry of 
the evangelist, and accept our solemn responsibil- 
ity to preach the Word to all peoples as God gives 


God loves every human being, who, apart from 
faith in Christ, is under God's judgment and 
destined for hell. 

The heart of the biblical message is the Good 
News of God's salvation, which comes by grace 
alone through faith in the risen Lord Jesus Christ 
and His atoning death on the cross for our sins. 


In our proclamation of the gospel we recognize 
the urgency of calling all to decision to follow 
Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior, and to do so lov- 
ingly and without coercion or manipulation. 


We need and desire to be filled and controlled 
by the Holy Spirit as we bear witness to the gospel 
of Jesus Christ, because God alone can turn sin- 
ners from their sin and bring them to everlasting 


We acknowledge our obligation, as servants of 
God, to lead lives of holiness and moral purity, 
knowing that we exemplify Christ to the church 
and to the world. 


A life of regular and faithful prayer and Bible study 
is essential to our personal spiritual growth, and to 
our power for ministry. 

We will be faithful stewards of all that God gives 
us, and will be accountable to others in the fi- 
nances of our ministry, and honest in reporting our 


Our families are a responsibility given to us by 
God, and are a sacred trust to be kept as faithfully 
as our call to minister to others. 


We are responsible to the church, and will en- 
deavor always to conduct our ministries so as to 
build up the local body of believers and serve the 
church at large. 


We are responsible to arrange for the spiritual 
care of those who come to faith under our minis- 
try, to encourage them to identify with the local 
body of believers, and seek to provide for the in- 
struction of believers in witnessing to the gospel. 


We share Christ's deep concern for the personal 
and social sufferings of humanity, and we accept 
our responsibility as Christians and as evangelists 
to do our utmost to alleviate human need. 


We beseech the body of Christ to join with us in 
prayer and work for peace in our world, for revival 
and a renewed dedication to the biblical priority of 
evangelism in the church, and for the oneness of 
believers in Christ for the fulfilment of the Great 
Commission, until Christ returns. 

"November 1983 

''Let our revival prayer be 
that the spirit of Amsterdam 
83 will be felt in the hearts 
of all Brethren people. We 
may be surprised at what 
God can do through us." 

evangelists from our denomination should 
have been there. As we begin Century II of 
our history, we are seeking and praying for 
revival. I believe that revival and evangelism 
go hand in hand. We need in our midst men 
and women who feel that they have been 
called to do "the work of an evangelist." This 
should include not only pastors and church 
leaders, but also many others who have the 
great opportunity to share the gospel from 
the pulpits of our churches and in the streets 
surrounding our parishes and homes. 

In The Brethren Church, aggressiveness 
has been watered down and minimized. Being 
conservative and holding to our denomina- 
tional distinctives should not mean that we 
allow other groups to do evangelism while we 
just sit and watch their churches grow. Only 
as we grow and become interested in souls 
that are being lost will we see revival. 

We need a vision. "Where there is no vision, 
the people perish." We need to be visionaries 
of what we can do for the extension of God's 
kingdom — not only on the distant foreign 
fields, but in our own Jerusalem. This is the 
kind of spirit that was felt at Amsterdam; it 
must be felt in each one of our churches as 

If God grants us "revival," we will have to 
do evangelism. Are we ready? Are we will- 
ing? Others will not do it for us. We have to 
do it ourselves. 

Amsterdam 83 gave us the opportunity to 
hear how God is working all over the world. 
Many of those places have limited resources 
and many handicaps. Yet people are being 
saved and added to the church by the 
thousands. Are we serving another God? Is 
God not working in our midst? He seems to 
be working one block from many of our 
churches; why not in ours? 

Let our revival prayer be that the spirit of 
Amsterdam 83 will be felt in the hearts of all 
Brethren people. We may be surprised at 
what God can do through us. [t] 


A Centennial Heritage Articlej 




AS noted at the outset of Part One, thei 
heart of Brethren doctrine is disciple- i 
ship, a following of Jesus Christ as the living j 
Word of God. 

Our Life in Christ 

The Beginning: In attempting to be true 
to Scripture, Brethren interpret life in Christ 
as both gift and demand (Matt. 4:23—5:12; 
Luke 4:14-21 and also Matt. 5:13-20; Luke 
14:25-33). We teach justification and adoption 
(the objective-external aspect of salvation) aa 
well as regeneration and union with Christ 
(the internal-subjective aspect). All of these 
are biblical images describing our entrance 
into Christian life. The only requirement isi 
conversion (turning from sin in repentance 
and turning to Christ in faith), which God 
graciously makes possible in the hearing ol 
the gospel (Rom. 10:17). 

The Continuation: As faith obtains this! 
salvation, so faithfulness maintains it. These 
are not two different ideas, for "trust" andj 
"obey" are the inside and outside of a singki 
reality. Faith and obedience are convertibkl 
concepts in biblical thought (Matt. 7:21-23' 
John 3:36; 2 Thess. 1:8; Heb. 3:18-19). Justifi! 
cation, on the one hand, is "by personal faitlij 
in the Lord Jesus Christ, of which obedience 1 
to the will of God and works of righteousness 
are the evidence and result" ("The Message ol 
the Brethren Ministry," 1921). Sanctification 
on the other hand, describes the entirety o! 
"the obedience of faith" (Rom. 1:5; 16:26): 

Initial or Cleanses from the 

positional pollution of sin 

sanctification at conversion 


Counteracts the poweif 
of sin throughout ; 
this life \ 

Final or Conquers the possi- 

perfect bility of sin at death 

sanctification or Christ's return 

Brethren do not believe that entire sanctifica 

Dr. Flora is Associate Professor of New Testamen 
and Theology at Ashland Theological Seminary. 


The Brethren Evangelis'j 



tion occurs during this present life, for we live 
in a broken, rebellious world which continues 
to affect us in all aspects of our existence 
(Phil. 3:12-14). 

The End: This means that our security in 
I Christ is conditional. Grod is faithful and ex- 
Ipects faithfulness on the part of those who are 
jHis (I Cor. 10:1-13; Col. 1:22-23; Heb. 3:12- 
|4:11; 6:1-15; 10:19-39). "Scripture uses vari- 
lous terms to describe aspects of salvation, but 
iultimately it means Christlikeness — conform- 
jity to the image of God's Son by the work of 
jHis Spirit within us. To that end we are kept 
jby the power of God, which operates through 
our faith" ("A Centennial Statement," 1983). 

We believe that salvation is open to anyone 
and is divinely intended for everyone (Rom. 
10:11-13; 11:32; I Tim. 2:4-6; 2 Pet. 3:9). Back 
of this stands God's election and calling, His 
gracious work in Christ responded to by those 
[who believe in Him (Luke 7:29-30; Acts 
13:46-48). They are chosen (elect) according 
to the purpose of God. As the elect in Christ, 
they are predestined to become like Him 
(Rom. 8:28-29). Scripture presents such mat- 
ters as predestination (divine sovereignty) 
and free will (human responsibility) side by 
|side, unresolved (Rom. 9:10-18; 10:8-17), and 
'more often in a context of worship than expla- 
nation (Rom. 11:25-36). (For a Brethren ex- 
jposition of the many sides of life in Christ, 
see J. Allen Miller, Christian Doctrine, 1946). 

Our Life in the Church 

"Grod's purpose in human history is to form 
la people for His own glory. This purpose, 
begun in the Old Testament nation of Israel, 
is continued in the New Testament church, 
which is founded upon Jesus Christ. He calls 
[it to be a visible body of His followers, extend- 
ing His own ministry in the world. It is com- 
iposed of all who have received Him as saving 
Lord and have committed themselves to being 
His faithful disciples. This one body finds ex- 
jpression in local communities of believers 
iwho are responding to the call of God. 
Through mutual submission they covenant 

November 1983 

together for the purposes of worship, nurture, 
evangelism, and service" ("A Centennial 
Statement," 1983). 

Brethren do not view the church in total 
continuity with Old Testament Israel (as in 
Puritanism) or in total discontinuity (as in 
dispensationalism). Instead, we believe that 
the church is a visible community both con- 
tinuous and discontinuous with Israel. The 
church is the fulfillment of God's plan for hu- 
manity to which Israel was called as His elect 
(chosen) means. Christ is the One supremely 
chosen by God (Isa. 42:1; 49:7; 1 Pet. 1:20; 
2:4), and those in Him are therefore the 
people of God (an Old Testament title), the 
body of Christ (a uniquely Pauline phrase), 
and the fellowship (communion or koinonia) 
of the Holy Spirit. 

Brethren interpret life in 
Christ as both gift and demand. 

Brethren church government is limited 
or federated Congregationalism. This means 
that local matters may be administered in a 
variety of ways, but a spiritual consensus in 
doctrine is to be expected and sought. The or- 
dained ministry is conducted by elders, whose 
ordination is for life. Licensed ministers are 
on probation looking toward ordination. They 
perform most pastoral tasks under supervi- 
sion for a period up to five years, except that 
they may not ordain elders or deacons. The 
latter, both women and men, are chosen for 
local service, the length of which is set by the 
individual congregation. 

The conviction that obedience to Christ is 
the center of life in the church has led the 
Brethren historically to a style of life noted 
for non-conformity, non-resistance, and 
non-swearing. "In non-conformity. Brethren 
have sought to follow the way of Christ in 
contrast to the way of the world. In non-resist- 
ance. Brethren have renounced the Christian's 
use of violence in combatting evil, striving, as 
far as possible, to be reconciled to all persons. 
In non-swearing. Brethren have sought to 
lead such trustworthy Christian lives that 
oath-taking becomes unnecessary" ("A Cen- 
tennial Statement," 1983). 

These distinctives are part of our heritage 
and are related to the discontinuity between 
the Old Testament and the New that was 
mentioned earlier (Matt. 5:21-48; Rom. 12:1- 
2, 14-21). Observance of these "negatives" 
varies with the part of the country, the con- 
gregation involved, and the pastoral teaching 
received. [t] 


Home Missions 

Home Missions 

A Report 

by James R. Black 

i I,"- 

WE have heard a great deal recently about 
the lack of measurable growth in The 
Brethren Church. The fact is, statistics tell us 
that we are losing members. But these fig- 
ures do not necessarily tell us the whole 
story, as alarming as they may be. 

Recently we were reminded of the 
thousands of persons who have come to know 
and receive Christ through the ministry of 
The Brethren Church. It has been reported, 
for example, that thirty thousand members 
were won to our denomination in the last 30 
years. On the other hand, many congrega- 

Rev. Black is Director of Home Missions and 
Evangelism for The Brethren Church. 

tions do not seem to be effective in soul-win- 
ning, and this must change. But manj 
churches have been effective . . . and some 
still are! 

We are a "feeder denomination," winning 
people to Christ with many of them going 
into other denominations. This is simply be- 
cause we have relatively small church 
strength. If the Brethren are to see real 
measurable growth (if this is a priority), ther 
church strength must be increased both ir 
terms of the number of congregations w€i 
have and in terms of the number of members 
within those congregations. 

Today about 15% of all Brethren churches 

(next page] 

Expecting a Prayer Miracle 
at Medina Bible Fellowship 

IT hardly seems possible — 
here we are in our fifth year 
as a church! Just reflecting on 
the past one and one-half years 
causes me to say, "The Lord 
has truly blessed!" I have a 
continual source of exciting joy 
when I think of those 17 people 
who received Jesus Christ, the 
29 who obeyed in baptism, and 
the countless experiences of 
growth we have shared. Seeing 
our church ministries unfold 
through the efforts of 53 of our 
people (83% of the eligible 
members of the church) is a 
deep satisfaction we all share. 
The following are new minis- 
tries that were implemented 
this year, adding to our exist- 
ing ministries of administration, music, his 
torian, Sunday school, building trustees, fel 
lowship, nursery, and evangelism. 

1. Timothy Discipleship Experience — 

The Medina Bible Fellowship at worship. Rev. Terry Lodico (with 
his hand raised) is pastor of the congregation. 

a one-on-one training program foi 
adults, teens and children. 
2. Christian Education Ministry. 

(next page± 



The Brethren Evangelist! 

Home Missions 

iare Home Mission related. This is great! 
Thanks to the faithfulness of the Brethren, 
we are growing. We are also increasing our 
I efforts to strengthen small and struggling 
congregations in areas where there is good 
growth potential. The Newark, Ohio, Breth- 
jren Church is a prime example. 
I And what of our Special Ministries? Dr. 
I Juan Carlos Miranda is doing an excellent 
jwork in Hispanic church growth. He not only 
I works in this area of Special Ministries, but 
I also is greatly involved in the total outreach 
I of the evangelical church. Other Special 
I Ministries in Florida and Kentucky also con- 
jtinue their outreach for Christ through The 
I Brethren Church. 

' Ron Williams is also doing a commendable 
fwork in the Cleveland, Ohio, area. A new 
Ichurch, less than one year old, already aver- 
ages 127 in attendance and has had a high at- 
tendance of more than 180. 
I could say more. I only want to remind you 

that there is much that is good in The Breth- 
ren Church. And I believe that Home Mis- 
sions contributes to this favorable outreach. 

Continue to pray for Home Mission workers 
and their families: Dale RuLon, Keith Ben- 
nett, and Larry Bolinger in Florida; Keith 
Hensley in North Carolina; Jerry Barr in 
Pennsylvania; Terry Lodico, Dale Stoffer, Ron 
Williams, and Steve Cole in Ohio; Mark 
Baker and Ralph Gibson in Indiana; Jimmie 
Cole in Iowa; Merle Abe in Kansas; Robert 
Mitchell in Arizona; Juan Miranda and Vidal 
Juarez in California. Pray also for the Special 
Ministries persons: Phil and Jean Lersch and 
Bonnie Munson in Florida; Doran Hostetler 
and Margaret Lowery in Kentucky. And re- 
member the working staffs of all of these 
people as well as your Home Mission staff in 
Ashland. The work and travel schedule is ex- 
tremely difficult. But God does bless. We are 
privileged to be in His service. 

Thank you. You make it all happen. [t] 

3. Youth Ministry. 

4. Library Ministry. 

5. Office Ministry. 

6. Hospitality Ministry. 

7. Financial Stewardship. 

8. Service Stewardship. 

9. Women's Fellowship. 

10. Prayer Chain Ministry. 

11. "Celebration" Wednesday night service. 

12. Family Home Nurture Support Group. 
We are excited about the home Bible 

studies and the Evangelism Explosion minis- 
try. In the past year 28 people have been in- 
volved in the evangelism ministry, 19 prayer 
partners, 8 trainees, and 2 receiving national 

Our future hopes are grounded in a "prayer 
miracle." When our worship attendance spills 
over 100, we realize the critical need for a 
new place of worship. We are trusting God for 
a visible, accessible piece of land. Why do we 
call it our "prayer miracle"? Because we an- 
ticipate God's provision of a place and 
thousands of dollars to meet our immediate 

We are continually encouraged through 
cards and letters and calls from our fellow 
brethren. We appreciate these expressions of 
prayerful support. [t] 

November 1983 

Bob and Kathy Mitchell 

begin church-planting ministry 

in IVIesa, Arizona 

August 8 was moving day for Rev. Robert and 
Kathy Mitchell, as they left Indiana for Mesa, 
Arizona. Bob served for a number of years as 
Associate Pastor of the Winding Waters, Breth- 
ren Church, Elkhart, Ind. After much prayer 
and consideration, the Mitchells decided they 
would like to become bivocational church plan- 

The procedure for beginning a class has al- 
ready been given in the Manual of Procedure for 
The Brethren Church. It reads: "When there 
shall be a sufficient number of persons in any 
one place . . . the minister or evangelist having 
charge of that territory shall organize them into 
a class; . . ." Bob plans to gather persons to- 
gether to form that first unit, a class, and trust 
for developments that will lead to another 
Brethren church. 

Be in prayer for Bob and Kathy. It will not be 
easy for them to find employment and plant a 
church. Also, encourage this church planting 
couple with your prayers and letters. Their ad- 
dress is P.O. Box 5632, Mesa, AZ 85201 (NOTE: 
a P.O. box is being used until a permanent ad- 
dress is available). 


Home Missions 

Home Missions and Evangelism 

by James R. Black 

I READ a statement recently that should 
send chills up our spines. Here it is: "The 
majority of Americans will die in their sins 
unless churches change radically." 

Perhaps this is what Pastor James Miller 
(Associate Pastor of the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church) was saying on Sunday 
morning, August 21, 1983, when he reminded 
the congregation in a very forceful and 
courageous way that Christians had better 
get with the business of evangelism. Lack of 
growth in The Brethren Church is not due to 
a theological problem but to a people prob- 
lem. (These are not his exact words, but they 
are what I "heard.") 

It is an accepted fact that the call to mis- 
sions world wide cannot be overemphasized. 

The Great Commission (Matt. 28:19, 20) del 
mands missionary outreach all over thej 
earth. Only Christ can change people in a 
way that really counts no matter their par-j 
ticular culture. He alone is in the business ol 
regeneration. No Christian that I know would: 
argue this point. \ 

But I fear we will never accomplish oui 
goals £ind purposes in worldwide evangeliza- 
tion until we are willing to put forth the time| 
and effort necessary to reach the family next 
door and down the block for Christ. The task; 
of evangelizing our friends and relatives must 
take on greater urgency. 

Brethren, the truth often hurts. And the 
truth is that most congregations are not effec- 

(next page) 

Experiencing God's Blessing at 
Brethren Fellowship of the Savior 

GOD has really been blessing us in our ministry in 
Shaker Heights. The Brethren Fellowship of the 
Savior has been very active in various ministries this 
summer. The following is a list of the activities and 
ministries of the Fellowship: 

1. A Communion Service. 

2. A summer picnic for the Fellowship families. 

3. A Bible study that grew this summer from 12 to 22. 

4. An 18-voice choir (Voices of Koinonia). 

5. A Sunday school with 57 enrolled. 

6. A men's fellowship group which meets once a 

7. A women's fellowship group which meets once a 

8. A Holy Spirit-inspired street ministry of witnessing 
(in other words, if the Holy Spirit of God directs us 
to witness, then and only then do we obey). 

God has blessed us enabling us to keep current with 
our rent payments of $500.00 a month, and we have also 
purchased a used Hammond organ and Leslie speaker in 
good condition. Our membership now stands at 82, with 
an average Sunday morning attendance of 127. The 

{continued on next page) 

Ron Williams, pastor of the 
Fellowship of the Savior, and 

Brethren \ 
his wife- 


The Brethren Evangelist; 

Home Missions 

Itively evangelizing their own communities. 
Our purpose should be to reach lost people 
with the message of the gospel. This may de- 
Imand a bridge-building process in order to in- 
i^rade an unfamiliar ciilture (lifestyle). We 
may find it necesseiry to make revolutionary 
changes. This may require new direction as 
far as personal and congregational priorities 
lEire concerned. And the same may be true for 
the denomination. But if change is necessary 
3r advantageous in order for us to accomplish 
ithe goal of the church, so be it. Is there any- 
jthing of greater importance than the eternal 
destiny of a soul? 

It is agreed that msmy Brethren individu- 
als and congregations are doing a conmiend- 
'able work of ministry. Perhaps we just need 
encouragement to "keep on keeping on," 
rhat's fine. I know your efforts and faithful- 

ness will be rewarded. 

I believe God has called us to a responsible 
ministry. I choose to believe He has a great 
purpose for The Brethren Church. We are not 
in our death throes, but many believe we are 
"hurting." Pain tells us something is wrong. 
Let's help one another discern our weakness 
as well as our strength in areas of evangelism. 
And let's not be fearful of "soul-winning" 

Evangelism is not all that difficult to define 
and not all that hard to practice. Joseph C. 
Aldrich says, "Evangelism is expressing what 
I possess in Christ and explaining how I came 
to possess it" {Life Style Evangelism, Mult- 
noma Press, Portland, Oregon). Growing 
churches seem to know what evangelism is 
all about. So should we. It is "New Testa- 
ment." [t] 

Brethren Fellowship 
of the Savior 

(continued from previous page) 

people are being fed spiritu- 
ally and physically. We C£in 
see daily applications of the 
precepts of the Kingdom of 

Our main concern at Breth- 
ren Fellowship of the Savior 
is that our people will see the 
aeed to tithe to keep the 
ministry going financially. 
Also that those without jobs 
iwill find work. We pray that 
God will continue to minister 
to His people and keep us 
humble in our ministries to 
each other. We pray for stead- 
fast spirits, and we ask that 
you pray that the Lord will 
enable us to find a new place 
of worship that is larger and 
less expensive in the same 
area of town. 

We thank you for your sup- 
jport, encouragement, and 
|your prayers. Please continue 
|to remember us as we "Press 
toward the mark of the high 
icalling of God which is in 
Christ Jesus." [t] 

November 1983 

Growth and Expectancy at 
Conover Brethren Bible Fellowship 

IT is said that the nine months before the birth of a child are 
given to parents to get them used to the idea of having a 
new addition to the family. This past year has been one of 
growth and expectancy for the Brethren in North Carolina. 
We have shared good times and frustrations offering many 
challenges leading up to our first anniversary celebration. 

To date, the church includes seven members and about 
twenty-five friends. Four Sunday (continued on page 17) 

Conover Brethren at their first annual church picnic, held July 31, 
1983. Rev. Keith Hensley, pastor of the Fellowship, is at the far left in 
the picture. 



Home Missions 

Barr is Installed 
in Sarver Brethren Church 

JULY 10, 1983, was a highlight 
in the brief history of the 
Sarver Brethren Church. On that 
date Gerald Barr was installed as 
the first full-time pastor of the 
congregation. He succeeds Pastor 
Ed Wingard, who served the church 
as a bivocational pastor for the 
first seven years of the congrega- 
tion's existence. This step of faith 
by the church and the Pennsyl- 
vania and National mission boards 
is a testimony to the determina- 
tion of the Sarver Church to be- 
come a strong, self-sufficient con- 
gregation in the true spirit of the 
Progressive Brethren. 

For the church and pastor, the 
summer was a "get acquainted" 
time, as well as a period in which 
to adjust to a full-time mission situation. It 
has been a unique situation for both pastor 
and people: the first full-time pastor for the 
congregation, and the first mission experi- 
ence for Pastor Barr. Both have had some 
hard adjustments to make, but things are 
going well for all. 

The work of ministry must go on, and plans 
are now being made for future ministry in the 
community and for a more self-sufficient 
future for the church. Several programs for 
evangelism and discipleship are being consid- 
ered. Some of these will be put into practice 
during the fall and winter. 

Two new programs are already in opera- 
tion. In an effort to prepare themselves for 
fuller service, the members of the adult Sun- 
day school class have begun a study of 
spiritual gifts with the objective of identify- 
ing their gifts and putting these gifts into 
practice. The midweek Bible study group is 
beginning a discipleship program using the 
Navigator study series Design for Disciple- 
ship. The goal here is also the building of the 
body and the better use of spiritual gifts and 
resources of the word and prayer. 

The building of Christians, and churches. 

Chet McAfoose, moderator of the congregation, welcomes Revi 
Gerald and Linda Barr to the Sarver Brethren Church. ] 

takes time. We are eager to grow at thej 
Sarver Church both spiritually and numerii 
cally, but we want to do both. It is our convici 
tion that the spiritual growth of the members] 
of the church will lead to numerical growth! 
as well, and that new members added in this 
way will be both numerous and of high qual' 
ity in service to the Lord. We also expect that; 
while initial growth may not be great, the 
long term growth will be substantial. At this 
writing we have not yet set any numerical 
goals, but keep your eye on the "Membership 
Growth" column in the Evangelist for oui 

All of us in the Sarver Brethren Church] 
wish to thank the Brethren for their support! 
in the past seven years. And we earnestlj! 
seek your prayers and support in the next few] 
years as we grow to maturity and self-suffii 
ciency. It will be a testimony to the faith ojj 
the Brethren and to the faithfulness of Godj 
that a strong congregation of Brethren devel- 
ops in southeastern Butler County, Pennsyl- 
vania. We thank you for your support, and we 
look forward to the time in the not-too-distani 
future when we will be giving support to mis- 
sion work instead of just receiving it. [t. 


The Brethren Evangelist! 

Home Missions 

Potential for Growth at 
Smoky Row Brethren Church 

DURING 1982 and 1983 we have witnessed 
a number of happenings at Smoky Row 
Brethren Church that have stretched our faith 
and caused us to rejoice. Despite the fact that 
numerous key families moved out of the area, 
the church experienced a growth rate of about 
50% a year. In the last year 11 people made 
personal professions of faith in Christ and 
jwere baptized, and 13 people were received 
jinto membership. 

Over the past winter we 
erected a building, using as 
much volunteer labor as possi- 
ble. Likewise, the funding for 
the building came entirely 
from people in our congrega- 
tion and from other Brethren 
churches. We took a great step 
of faith in proceeding this way, 
but the Lord honored that faith 
las numerous Brethren respond- 
led with their time, talents, and 

The congregation continues 
to display a deep sense of car- 
ing for one another and a de- 
jveloping concern for outreach. 
jWe are especially burdened by the need to 
begin a ministry to the youth of our area. 
Many children and youth live in our locality, 
but no youth ministry is reaching them effec- 
tively. Pray for leaders who feel a burden for 
youth work. (Wouldn't the barn on our prop- 

Above, exterior of the Smoky Row Brethren Church building. Below, 
interior of the sanctuary on dedication day, June 5, 1983. Dr. Dale 
Staffer, pastor of the Smoky Row congregation, is at the pulpit. 

erty make a great youth center?) 

The potential for growth in Columbus, 
Ohio, is almost unlimited. We pray that we 
may have the vision and faith to use the 
limitless resources of God in responding to 
His call to ministry in Columbus. [t] 

Conover Brethren Bible Fellowship 

{continued from page 15) 

fechool classes have been started, and we have 
ioutgrown our facilities situated along a major 
thoroughfare located outside of Hickory. 
Irhanks to the financial support of Brethren 
Home Missions, the Southeastern District, 
and the National BYC (their 1983 project of- 
fering), we will soon be in our newly leased 
building, which will provide us 3,600 square 
feet of space for worship and classrooms. 

Also, three Bible study groups are meeting 
in different localities surrounding the Hick- 

ory community. These groups include almost 
every family in the church, and they are pro- 
viding a good entry into our fellowship for 
new families in the community. 

The Brethren across the nation have been 
helpful in providing prayer and financing at 
times of need for this new young ministry. As 
is well known, rearing a child in this age is 
difficult. Raising a new church is similarly 
difficult, and for that reason God blesses each 
individual, family, and congregation that is 
helping to parent this new fellowship to our 
Father's glory. [f] 

November 1983 



news from the Brethren Church 

Burlington Brethren Church dedicates 
remodeied sanctuary in September 

Burlington, Ind. — The Burling- 
ton Brethren Church dedicated its 
newly remodeled sanctuary on 
Sunday, September 25. Former 
pastor Rev. Albert Curtright 
brought the message for the dedi- 
cation service. The Burlington 
congregation flew Rev. and Mrs. 
Curtright from Cheyenne, Wyo., to 
Burlington for the occasion. 

The extensive remodeling in- 
cluded not only the sanctuary, but 
also the front foyer and a hallway. 
In addition, some walls at the back 
of the building were rearranged to 
make an office for the secretary. 

In the sanctuary itself, the 
woodwork and doors were re- 
finished, and the walls painted. 
Pews were removed by Hackworth 
Installation of Ft. Wayne, Ind., 
which refinished, padded, and 
then reinstalled them. Several 
new pews were purchased, as well 
as choir chairs. These match the 

A view of the front of the remodeled sanctuary 

refinished pews. 

New light fixtures and a new 
public address system were also 
installed in the sanctuary. In addi- 

Church of the Brethren Disaster Program 
offers Brethren an outlet to help others 

St. Petersburg, Fla. — Brethren 
people interested in helping other 
Americans following disasters have 
an outlet through the Church of 
the Brethren Disaster Program. 

During the first six months of 
1983, these and other projects 
were completed: Following flood 
and tornado damage in St. Louis 
and southern Missouri, 184 volun- 
teers worked 1,051 days or 8,408 
hours. During June, 22 volunteers 
worked 71 days "mudding out" 
flood-damaged homes in Jackson, 

The Disaster Child Care Program 
has responded to these six disas- 
ters since January 1983: 
— 18 Caregivers worked with 399 

children during the January 

flooding in Louisiana. 

— 55 Caregivers worked with 697 
children during the March flood- 
ing, mud slides, and tornado in 

— 17 Caregivers worked with 43 
children in May flooding in 
southeast Louisiana. 

— 17 Caregivers worked with 603 
children in the Coalinga earth- 

— 5 Caregivers for 11 children in 
the Weston, Ohio, tornado. 

— 15 Caregivers for 166 children in 
the Jackson, Mississippi, floods. 
If you are interested in helping, 

contact your pastor or the Disaster 

Relief Office (Box 188, New 

Windsor, Maryland, 21776). 

— reported by Phil Lersch 

tion, a prayer railing and kneeling! 
cushion, a clock, a music stand, a! 
lamp and stand and settee for the] 
front foyer, and a Communion kitj 
were presented to the church asj 
memorial gifts by various mem-j. 
bers of the congregation. | 

Trustees Joe Oyler, Kennj" 
Rinehart, and Lawrence Rineharl] 
were in charge of the remodeling 
Dimensions, Inc., Architect/Inte- 
riors of Kokomo, Ind., served as 
architect and provided the work- 
men for the remodeling. Cost ol 
the project was $46,000. 

The dedication service was helcj 
during the morning worship houij 
on September 25. Special music foi; 
the service included a solo b)| 
Andy Harshbarger, a trio by Caroii 
Brewster, Diane Stout, and Donna j 
Redding, and a prelude and offer- 1 
tory by Diane Stout. Rev. Ronalcj 
Waters, pastor of the Burlingtor! 
congregation, led the litany of ded-j 
ication And Roy Brubaker reacl 
two poems he had written for th('| 
occasion. j 

— reported by Edith Rodke^l 


The Brethren Evangelist' 


Juan Miranda attends White House briefing 
on U.S. Central American policy 

Pasadena, Calif. — Dr. Juan 
Carlos Miranda was one of approx- 
jimately 50 Hispanic religious 
ileaders invited to the White House 
September 14 for a briefing on 
jU.S. national security and Central 
JAmerican policy. Dr. Miranda is 
Supervisor of Brethren Hispanic 
Ministries in Mexico and Southern 
Most of those invited to the 
briefing travel 
regularly to 
Central Ameri- 
can countries 
and therefore 
have some un- 
derstanding of 
their problems — 
particularly the 
problems of 
churches and 
church leaders in 

Dr. Juan 
Carlos Miranda 

those lands. In addition to briefing 
these religious leaders on U.S. pol- 
icy, President Reagan and govern- 
ment officials involved in Latin 
American affairs wanted to hear 
their points of view. This was the 
first time that Hispanic religious 
leaders have ever been called to 
the White House for a meeting. 

Of major concern to a number of 
the Hispanic leaders attending the 
briefing was not just what is hap- 
pening in the Central American 
countries, but the fate of Central 
Americans who are in the United 
States. People who have fled fi"om 
Nicaragua or El Salvador to Hon- 
duras or Guatemala are consid- 
ered "refugees," but if they come 
to the U.S. they are considered 
"illegal aliens" and are subject to 
deportation. Tragically, those who 
are deported face the possibility of 

Moderator's Journal 

It required two days to travel 
by troubled Continental Airlines 
to Derby, Kansas, from Sarasota, 
Florida. Once on the scene of 
the Midwest District Conference, 
however, all my travel difficul- 
ties were overshadowed by their 
warm reception. 

With Rev. Smith F. Rose as 
district moderator, the five-day 
conference was well-planned and 
efficiently conducted. All de- 
! nominational interests were 
; adequately presented, auxiliaries 
j had meaningful seminars, and 
informative workshops were held. 
The Brethren of the Derby con- 
gregation, with their pastor Rev. 
Gregg Moser, were gracious in 
meeting all our needs. They pro- 
vided a Communion Service for a 
completely full room of like be- 

One highlight of the confer- 
ence was the recognition of Mr. 
and Mrs. Dave Benshoff. Dave 
and Deanna were presented a 

painting and clock in apprecia- 
tion for their ten years of service 
as tentmakers to the Derby con- 

Sunday it was our privilege to 
worship with the Mulvane 
Brethren, where I preached dur- 
ing the morning and evening 
services. Rev. and Mrs. Dave 
Powell are faithfully ministering 
to this congregation, which has 
nearly completed construction of 
a new annex to the original 
church building. 

I experienced more problems 
returning to Sarasota since Con- 
tinental cancelled many flights. 
But I did arrive home on Monday 
via another airline. 

Brethren, continue to work 
and pray for revival and God's 
blessing as we begin Century II, 
"Seeking to Know the Lord." 

Your servant. 

Gene Beekley 


being killed or starved. Mexican 
Airlines, one of the airlines con- 
tracted by the U.S. government to 
return "illegal aliens" to their 
homelands, recently discontinued 
doing so because it found that 30 
percent of those deported suffered 
this fate. 

Dr. Miranda said that this prob- 
lem is of particular concern to him 
in his work with Hispanics in 
Southern California. Several 
people in the two Brethren congre- 
gations he serves have brothers, 
sisters, or other relatives who 
have been killed in their home- 
land. The husband of one member 
was taken from their home in Cen- 
tral America by men dressed as 
police and has not been seen since. 
He is presumed dead. 

On the positive side, Dr. 
Miranda expressed his apprecia- 
tion to those Brethren churches 
and Woman's Missionary Societies 
that have provided clothing, which 
is given to Central American ref- 
ugees when they arrive in the 
U.S. "Yet, we are so limited in 
what can be done," he said, "espe- 
cially when it comes to food and 
other necessities, other than 

Hispanic religious leaders are 
supposed to return to Washington 
in the near future for further dis- 
cussions of ways to help Central 
Americans in the U.S. as well as 
the churches in their homelands. 
Dr. Miranda asked that Brethren 
people pray for these meetings, 
that ways can be found to alleviate 
these problems. 

Quotes from Amsterdam 83 

"For every person who dies in 
conflict, ten people are born again 
to eternal life." 

— Luis Bush of El Salvador 

"A bom-again Christian without 
a social conscience is irrelevant 
and a social activist without a re- 
generate heart is irresponsible." 
— Gordon Moyes, Sydney, Australia 



First strike on Soviet Union pianned 
for November 23, 1983 

Ashland, Ohio — The editor of 
the Evangelist has learned that 
the United States plans to make a 
first strike on the Soviet Union on 
November 23, 1983. On that day, 
hundreds of missives will be 
launched at more than one 
thousand Soviet cities. 

The first strike will be launched, 
however, not by the U.S. military, 
but by hundreds of U.S. cities. 
Many of the citizens of these cities 
believe that the time has come for 
the U.S. to take the initiative, 
rather than living in fear that the 
Soviets will strike first. 

The missives, on the other hand, 
will contain not nuclear warheads, 
but rather "community portraits" 
of the sending cities. And the ob- 
jective will be not to wipe out the 
Soviet cities, but to begin building 
bridges of understanding between 
U.S. and Soviet peoples. 

The first strike is being spon- 
sored by The Ground Zero Pairing 
Project of Portland, Oregon. The 
full name of the November 23 
launch is "Make the First Strike a 
Knock on the Door." The name has 
dual implications. "First Strike" 
implies a sense of urgency — that 
an initiative toward the Soviet 
Union must be taken now. "Knock 
on the Door," however, suggests 
that this initiative must be gentle, 
an affirmative approach toward 
the Soviet people. 

"Make the First Strike a Knock 
on the Door" is a beginning step in 
"The Pairing Project." The long- 
range objective of this project is to 
provide a framework in which citi- 
zens in the U.S. and the Soviet 
Union can learn more about one 
another and develop international 

The "First Strike" program will 
pair 1,052 U.S. cities with Soviet 
cities of comparable size, physical 
setting and environment, and 

economic base. During Novembei] 
the U.S. cities will participate in 
nationwide study program focusei] 
on the Soviet Union. Then oij 
November 23 the participatinij 
cities will simultaneously laundi 
by mail their community portrait! 
to their Soviet counterparts. | 
For more information about "Th ! 
Pairing Project" and "First Strike, j 
you may write to The Pairini 
Project, P.O. Box 19049, Portlanc 
OR 97219. 

Dennis Wilson instaiied as pastor 
of Hiilcrest Bretliren Cliurcii 

Dayton, Ohio — Dennis J. Wilson 
was installed as the new pastor of 
the Hiilcrest Brethren Church at a 
special service on Sunday morn- 
ing, September 11. This is the first 
pastorate for Dennis, who received 
his master of divinity degree from 
Ashland Theological Seminary in 

Dr. Frederick Finks, Vice-Presi- 
dent of Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary brought the message for the 
installation service, speaking on 
"Being a Grood Shepherd." Special 
music for the service included a 
trumpet and piano prelude by 
Louis Walborn and Bernice Kem, 
a vocal solo by Kathy Hill, and a 
duet by Annette and Doug Carter. 

A carry-in dinner in honor of the 

Wilsons followed the service. 

Dennis was bom in Masor 
Ohio, and attended Ohio Univei 
sity, where he majored in corrj 
munications. He then entered 
Ashland Theological Seminarjj 
and it was while attending tbj 
seminary that he and his wif; 

. . -#^^j^ 

J.D. Hamei baptizes tiis 901st convert 
at Sarasota First Bretliren Church 

Sarasota, Fla. — On Sunday, 
September 25, Dr. J.D. Hamel, 
Senior Pastor of the Sarasota 
First Brethren Church, baptized 
his 901st convert since b